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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214652/unilateral-oculomotor-palsy-in-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-1a-cmt-1a
#1
A Posa, A Emmer, M E Kornhuber
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 1A is the most common form of CMT 1 and one of the autosomal dominant demyelinating hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN). Cranial nerves may be frequently subclinically affected in CMT disease. However manifest clinical signs of cranial nerve involvement are rare. METHODS: This case comprise neurological, ophthalmological, internal medicine and ear-nose-throat investigation, motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity, auditory evoked potentials and orbicularis-oculi reflex measurements, lumbar puncture and blood examination, inclusive molecular genetic testing, as well as electrocardiogram and cranial imaging such as computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging RESULTS: The present case shows a Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) 1A patient with complete unilateral oculomotor palsy in combination with predominant ipsilateral subclinical trigeminal demyelination...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212157/current-approaches-to-myopia-control
#2
Seo Wei Leo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Myopia is a global problem, being particularly prevalent in the urban areas of east and southeast Asia. In addition to the direct economic and social burdens, associated ocular complications may lead to substantial vision loss. With prevalence of myopia above 80% and high myopia over 20%, it is crucial to control myopia. The aim of this review to is provide an update on the interventions to slow the onset of myopia and retard its progression. RECENT FINDINGS: The epidemic of myopia is characterized by increasingly early onset, combined with high myopia progression rates...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#3
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211838/work-satisfaction-burnout-and-gender-based-inequalities-among-ophthalmologists-in-india-a-survey
#4
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Pooja Jain, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vandana Jain
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology is a rapidly evolving branch of medicine and advancing technology has raised the bar of patient expectations and outcomes. However, studies that assess physician stress and satisfaction especially in developing countries are limited in literature. OBJECTIVE: This index study aims at looking at the levels of job satisfaction, burnout and perception of gender disparity among ophthalmologists in India. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was sent out to ophthalmologists...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210543/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-horizontal-pupil-diameter-during-use-of-topical-mydriatics-in-the-canine-eye
#5
Liga Kovalcuka, Agris Ilgazs, Dace Bandere, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of topical 0.5% tropicamide, 1% atropine sulphate and 10% phenylephrine hydrochloride ophthalmic solutions on intraocular pressure (IOP) and horizontal pupil diameter (HPD) in the dog during the first hour after treatment. Forty clinically and ophthalmologically normal canine patients (between the ages of 2 and 6 years) of varying breed and sex were used in this study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups of ten and given one drop of tropicamide, atropine, phenylephrine or saline into one eye...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210402/interdisciplinary-management-of-minimally-displaced-orbital-roof-fractures-delayed-pulsatile-exophthalmos-and-orbital-encephalocele
#6
Austin Y Ha, William Mangham, Sarah A Frommer, David Choi, Petra Klinge, Helena O Taylor, Adetokunbo A Oyelese, Stephen R Sullivan
Traumatic orbital roof fractures are rare and are managed nonoperatively in most cases. They are typically associated with severe mechanisms of injury and may be associated with significant neurologic or ophthalmologic compromise including traumatic brain injury and vision loss. Rarely, traumatic encephalocele or pulsatile exophthalmos may be present at the time of injury or develop in delayed fashion, necessitating close observation of these patients. In this article, we describe two patients with minimally displaced blow-in type orbital roof fractures that were later complicated by orbital encephalocele and pulsatile exophthalmos, prompting urgent surgical intervention...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210185/neoplastic-leptomeningeal-disease-masquerading-as-central-serous-retinopathy-a-case-report
#7
Ibrahim Elaraoud, Hanif J Suleman, Peter Cikatricis, Helen Palmer
A 69-year-old man became aware of people's speech being out of synch with their lip movements alongside persistent headaches, both of which progressively worsened. A few weeks later, he developed progressive and painless visual loss in one eye. Initial neurological evaluation, inflammatory markers and head computed tomography scan were normal. Ophthalmological examination and OCT scan revealed right macular subretinal fluid with choroidal indentation, which prompted urgent further investigations including head MRI revealing extensive leptomeningeal disease...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210184/surgical-treatment-of-a-rare-case-of-bilateral-ptosis-due-to-localized-ocular-amyloidosis
#8
Gianluca Scuderi, Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh, Antonietta Troccola, Marco Mazzocchi, Santi Maria Recupero
We describe a rare case of a 31-year old woman with bilateral ptosis due to localized amyloidosis. She referred a nine-year history of ptosis and surgical treatment with frontalis suspension three years previously. Following complete ophthalmological examination and evaluation of the ptosis we carried out tarsal and fornix biopsy, which revealed accumulation of a weakly eosinophilic amyloid positive substance. We performed surgical correction using the levator aponeurosis-Müller's muscle complex re-adaptation technique and amyloid substance debulking in all the palpebral layers in the left eye...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208900/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocylitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-cataract-extraction-with-intra-ocular-lens-implantation-in-a-kashmiri-population-a-hospital-based-study
#9
Wasim Rashid, Imtiyaz Lone, Adil Majid Mir, Aamir Rashid, Mehreen Latif
INTRODUCTION: Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocylitis (FHI) is a rare form of uveitis which is frequently complicated by cataract and glaucoma, but it does not show typical features of uveitis like pain, redness and posterior synechia. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of cataract extraction with Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) implantation in patients with FHI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in the Postgraduate Department of Ophthalmology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Bemina from March 2012 to January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208899/study-of-variation-in-intraocular-pressure-spike-iop-following-nd-yag-laser-capsulotomy
#10
Niharika K Shetty, Sriya Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Posterior Capsular Opacifications (PCO) is a frequent complication of cataract surgery following posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Nd -Yag laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is known to be associated with complications like Raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP), Intraocular lens pitting, intraocular lens cracks, cystoid macular oedema, retinal detachment, corneal burns. Raised IOP is the most common complication and prescribing anti-glaucoma drugs post capsulotomy is a common practise...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208185/evaluation-of-progressive-visual-dysfunction-and-retinal-degeneration-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Maria Satue, Maria J Rodrigo, Javier Obis, Elisa Vilades, Hector Gracia, Sofia Otin, Maria I Fuertes, Raquel Alarcia, Jose A Crespo, Vicente Polo, Jose M Larrosa, Luis E Pablo, Elena Garcia-Martin
Purpose: To quantify changes in visual function parameters and in the retinal nerve fiber layer and macular thickness over a 5-year period in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods: Thirty patients with PD and 30 healthy subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation, including assessment of visual acuity, contrast sensitivity vision, color vision, and retinal evaluation with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). All subjects were reevaluated after 5 years to quantify changes in visual function parameters, the retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular thickness...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207728/discharge-outcomes-of-patients-referred-to-specialist-eye-clinic-from-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-northland-2014-15
#12
Pragnya Jagadish, David Dalziel
AIMS: To determine the discharge outcomes of patients seen in specialist eye clinic after referral from diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of outcomes of a sample of 98 patients referred from DRS to specialist eye clinic. RESULTS: A sample of 98 patients were analysed following referral by DRS to specialist eye clinic from 16/4/14 to 16/4/15. Age at screening ranged from 13-88 years, with the main ethnic groups being Māori (57...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207727/prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-at-first-presentation-to-the-retinal-screening-service-in-the-greater-wellington-region-of-new-zealand-2006-2015-and-implications-for-models-of-retinal-screening
#13
Lily Yl Chang, Arier C Lee, Wilson Sue
AIM: To describe the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients at first presentation for diabetic retinal screening in the greater Wellington region with the intent of service evaluation. METHODS: This is a retrospective study using data collected from patients newly referred for diabetic retinal screening between 2006-2015 (prevalence analysis, n=12667). The prevalence of DR was calculated by gender, ethnicity, age, type of diabetes and glycaemic control (HbA1c)...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205652/bridging-the-gap-microfluidic-devices-for-short-and-long-distance-cell-cell-communication
#14
REVIEW
Timothy Quang Vu, Ricardo Miguel Bessa de Castro, Lidong Qin
Cell-cell communication is a crucial component of many biological functions. For example, understanding how immune cells and cancer cells interact, both at the immunological synapse and through cytokine secretion, can help us understand and improve cancer immunotherapy. The study of how cells communicate and form synaptic connections is important in neuroscience, ophthalmology, and cancer research. But in order to increase our understanding of these cellular phenomena, better tools need to be developed that allow us to study cell-cell communication in a highly controlled manner...
February 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205422/ophthalmologic-wax-models-as-an-educational-tool-for-18th-century-vision-scientists
#15
Fabio Zampieri, Francesco Comacchio, Alberto Zanatta
The Medical Faculties of the University of Padua (Italy) and the University of Vienna (Austria) preserved two series of wax models, made by the Austrian Johann Nepomuk Hoffmayr at the beginning of the 19th century. These models were created in a period of evolution of both medical specialties and organ pathology, which brought morbid organs at the centre of medical investigation. Ceroplastic was considered a useful tool for didactic and research, as it provided a three-dimensional realistically coloured reproduction of organic lesions...
February 16, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205413/assessment-of-the-outcome-of-ophthalmological-screening-for-uveitis-in-a-cohort-of-swedish-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
Maria Papadopoulou, Madeleine Zetterberg, Solveig Oskarsdottir, Marita Andersson Grönlund
PURPOSE: To describe clinical features, risk factors and complications in a cohort of Swedish children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) screened for uveitis between 2002 and 2011. METHODS: Medical records of 299 children with JIA (93 male, 206 female; median age 5.0 years at diagnosis) were retrospectively scrutinized focusing on subtype of JIA, onset of arthritis/uveitis, presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and ophthalmological status. RESULTS: Uveitis was found in 32 (11%) children, 78% bilaterally affected...
February 15, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203055/resident-surgeon-efficiency-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#17
Andrew C Pittner, Brian R Sullivan
PURPOSE: Comparison of resident surgeon performance efficiencies in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus conventional phacoemulsification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed by senior ophthalmology residents under the supervision of 1 attending physician during a 9-month period in a large Veterans Affairs medical center. Medical records were reviewed for demographic information, preoperative nucleus grade, femtosecond laser pretreatment, operative procedure times, total operating room times, and surgical complications...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202834/-a-case-of-lymphocytic-adenohypophysitis-presenting-visual-disturbance-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#18
Ryo Yaoita, Miiko Ito, Kenichiro Matsuda, Yasuaki Kokubo, Shinya Sato, Yukihiko Sonoda
Lymphocytic hypophysitis(LH)has first been described as an autoimmune endocrinopathy by Goudie in 1962. In particular, lymphocytic adenohypophysitis(LAH)is usually associated with pregnancy and hypopituitarism due to insufficient endocrine of ACTH. However, several cases of LAH in pregnant patients showing only visual disturbances have recently been documented. We treated a patient with LAH presenting only the chiasma syndrome in the third trimester without hypopituitarism. A 27-year-old woman unexpectedly experienced visual disturbance starting in the 28th week of pregnancy...
February 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196223/jama-ophthalmology-peer-reviewers-in-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196214/jama-ophthalmology-year-in-review-2016
#20
Neil M Bressler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
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