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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684328/visual-outcomes-after-implantation-of-a-segmental-refractive-multifocal-intraocular-lens-following-cataract-surgery
#1
Thomas Kohnen, Eva Hemkeppler, Michael Herzog, Sabrina Schönbrunn, Nina DeLorenzo, Kerstin Petermann, Myriam Böhm
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes with particular attention to intermediate visual acuity (VA), of a segmental refractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with optimized depth of focus (DoF) DESIGN: Prospective, noncomparative case series. METHODS: Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe University, Frankfurt/Germany. PATIENT OR STUDY POPULATION: Fifty eyes (25 patients) were included. INCLUSION CRITERIA: bilateral cataract, age >45 years, corneal astigmatism ≤0...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683953/outcomes-of-proton-beam-radiation-therapy-for-retinoblastoma-with-vitreous-seeds
#2
Eun Hye Jung, Jeong Hun Kim, Joo Young Kim, Dong Hyun Jo, Young Suk Yu
Vitreous seeds are the most challenging aspect in the management of retinoblastoma. We report the outcomes of treatment with proton beam radiation therapy (PBRT) for retinoblastoma with vitreous seeds in naive or previously treated eyes. In this retrospective case series, we analyzed data of 4 retinoblastoma patients with vitreous seeds who received PBRT at the Proton Therapy Center, National Cancer Center in Korea between June 2007 and August 2017. All 4 eyes treated by PBRT were classified as group D according to the International Classification of Retinoblastoma (ICRB) criteria, and the vitreous seeds, as class 3 (clouds)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683519/children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-risk-progressive-visual-dysfunction-despite-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplants
#3
Kristina Teär Fahnehjelm, Monica Olsson, Enping Chen, Jürg Hengstler, Karin Naess, Jacek Winiarski
AIM: This prospective study assessed the long-term ocular and visual outcomes of children with mucopolysaccharidoses type I Hurler syndrome (MPS IH) who were treated with haematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). METHODS: Clinical ophthalmological assessments were performed on eight patients at the St Erik Eye Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, from 2001-2018: The median age at diagnosis and HSCT were 12.2 (range 5.0-16.4) and 16.7 (8.0-20.4) months. The last eye examination was at a median of 13...
April 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683430/reconnection-of-interrupted-curvilinear-structures-via-cortically-inspired-completion-for-ophthalmologic-images
#4
Jiong Zhang, Erik Bekkers, Da Chen, Tos T J M Berendschot, Jan Schouten, Josien P W Pluim, Yonggang Shi, Behdad Dashtbozorg, Bart M Ter Haar Romeny
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we propose a robust, efficient, and automatic reconnection algorithm for bridging interrupted curvilinear skeletons in ophthalmologic images. METHODS: This method employs the contour completion process, i.e., mathematical modeling of the direction process in the roto-translation group to achieve line propagation/completion. The completion process can be used to reconstruct interrupted curves by considering their local consistency. An explicit scheme with finite-difference approximation is used to construct the three-dimensional (3-D) completion kernel, where we choose the Gamma distribution for time integration...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681837/unusual-case-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-associated-with-sapho-syndrome-a-case-report
#5
Miyuki Hasegawa, Akira Fukutomi, Akiko Jinno, Kyoko Fujita, Motohiro Kamei
A 66-year-old Japanese woman who was diagnosed with synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome presented with bilateral blurred vision 4 months prior to visiting our hospital. She had visited a local ophthalmology clinic first. She was diagnosed with conjunctivitis and was prescribed antibacterial eye drops. The symptoms persisted in spite of treatment. She was then referred to our hospital. At her initial visit, the visual acuities were 0.6 in both eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed bilateral shallow anterior chamber, and intraocular pressures of 18 mm Hg in the right eye and 16 mm Hg in the left eye...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681463/-fungal-keratitis-a-5-year-monocentric-retrospective-study-on-reunion-island
#6
G Hoarau, M Albrieux, T Martin-Phipps, K Zitte-Zehler, L Borry, J Peytral, D Garcia-Hermoso, S Picot
OBJECTIVES: Fungal keratitis is rare in France, but could be a severe sight-threatening condition. Here, we aimed to describe the epidemiology of fungal keratitis in Réunion Island. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we analyzed 13 culture-proven keratitis episodes, occurred between January 2013 and July 2017 in the ophthalmology ward of a University Hospital, Saint-Pierre. Twelve isolates were genotyped and antifungal susceptibility testing was performed. RESULTS: Corneal abrasion caused by vegetable matter was the main predisposing factor...
April 19, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679133/-cut-off-filter-physical-and-physiological-basics
#7
REVIEW
M Bach, K Rohrschneider
Light filters with wavelength-dependent transmission and in particular cut-off or step filters (steep dependence of transmission on wavelength) have a broad optical application and are relevant in ophthalmology. This article describes some physical and physiological principles of cut-off filters, discusses the physiological aspects of applications, specifically the not always relevant necessity of blue-reducing filters and the lack of efficacy of color filters with color vision deficiencies.
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677367/stable-microsaccades-and-microsaccade-induced-global-alpha-band-phase-reset-across-the-life-span
#8
Ying Gao, Carl Huber, Bernhard A Sabel
Purpose: To understand the effect of aging on microsaccade functions and brain physiologic responses, we quantified microsaccades and their physiologic correlates (including their interaction with alpha band brain oscillation) in normal subjects of different ages. Methods: Twenty-two normally sighted young (18 to 29 years), 22 middle-aged (31 to 55 years), and 22 elderly subjects (56 to 77 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Dense array EEG and high-resolution eye-tracking data were simultaneously recorded during a fixation task...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677317/jama-ophthalmology
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676306/spectacle-prescription-in-children-understanding-practical-approach-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#10
Sumit Monga, Paaraj Dave
Purpose: The aim of this study is to survey the management approach, regarding spectacle prescription in children, among Indian ophthalmologists. Methods: A web-based, anonymous questionnaire (multiple choice questions dealing with practical aspects of pediatric refraction), was sent to available database of Indian ophthalmologists. The survey responses (depicted in %) were compared using the amount of pediatric clientele in one's practice (Group A: <25%, Group B: 25% or more)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675867/patient-perspectives-of-cataract-surgery-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#11
Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Anna Palagyi, Andrew White, Fiona J Stapleton, Nicole Carnt, Lisa Keay
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are becoming increasingly recognised as a key component in assessing the relative effectiveness of cataract surgery. This manuscript presents the protocol methodology and baseline characteristics of a prospective cohort study investigating patient-centred predictors of cataract surgery outcomes. METHODS: Patients with bilateral cataract (aged ≥ 50 years) scheduled for their first eye cataract surgery were recruited at four public hospitals and three private ophthalmology clinics in Sydney, Australia...
April 19, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675725/effect-of-pycnogenol%C3%A2-on-an-experimental-rat-model-of-allergic-conjunctivitis
#12
Ayse Ipek Akyuz Unsal, Tolga Kocaturk, Ceren Gunel, Ibrahim Meteoglu, Imran Kurt Omurlu, Harun Cakmak, Buket Demirci
BACKGROUND: Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) is a frequent and challenging disease in ophthalmology practice. Cell protective effect of Pycnogenol® (PYC) depends on its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of PYC on an experimental AC model. METHODS: Ovalbumin and Al(OH)3 were given seven times intraperitoneally (i.p.) every other day and ovalbumin installed everyday directly on conjunctiva to create an AC rat model...
April 20, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675699/-deep-learning-and-neuronal-networks-in-ophthalmology-applications-in-the-field-of-optical-coherence-tomography
#13
REVIEW
M Treder, N Eter
Deep learning is increasingly becoming the focus of various imaging methods in medicine. Due to the large number of different imaging modalities, ophthalmology is particularly suitable for this field of application. This article gives a general overview on the topic of deep learning and its current applications in the field of optical coherence tomography. For the benefit of the reader it focuses on the clinical rather than the technical aspects.
April 19, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675653/medical-student-exposure-to-cancer-patients-whilst-on-clinical-placement-a-retrospective-analyses-of-clinical-log-books
#14
Darren L Starmer
In Australia, one in two men and one in three women will be diagnosed with cancer by the age of 85. Several studies have demonstrated a decline in the number of medical graduates having examined cancer patients during their training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exposure of medical students to cancer patients during clinical placements. Eighty-eight logbooks (response rate = 24.75%) containing 9430 patients were analysed. A total of 829 patients (8.79%) had a diagnosis of cancer. Most cancer patients were seen on surgical placements, whilst general practice placements returned the lowest numbers...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675393/autophagy-a-potential-target-for-the-treatment-of-intraocular-neovascularization
#15
REVIEW
Xia-Ru Zhu, Jun-Hui Du
The formation of neovascularization is a common pathological feature of many ocular vascular diseases, and is an important cause of vision loss in patients. Neovascularization can cause retinal hemorrhage, vitreous hemorrhage, and other serious complications, leading to loss of vision. The treatment of intraocular neovascularization is the focus of ophthalmology research. In recent years, some studies have found that autophagy is closely related to vascular endothelial growth factor and the formation of neovascularization...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675384/effect-of-anti-vegf-treatment-on-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-zone-ii-stage-3
#16
Xiu-Mei Yang, Yue-Xiang Zhao, Zong-Hua Wang, Lu Liu
AIM: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal ranibizumab injection for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in Zone II Stage 3+ . METHODS: Data was collected for ROP patients with Zone II Stage 3+ who received intravitreal ranibizumab injections between October 2014 and Janu-ary 2017 at the Department of Ophthalmology in our hospital. No prior laser or other intravitreal treatment was done. Prior to the intervention and at each follow-up visit, fundus examination was performed...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675373/comparison-of-the-effects-of-intravitreal-bevacizumab-and-dexamethasone-in-experimental-posterior-penetrating-eye-injury
#17
Ayse Oner, Nisa Kahraman, Saim Ozdamar, Esra Balcioglu
AIM: To compare the effects of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and dexamethasone in an experimental rabbit model of posterior penetrating ocular injury. METHODS: Thirty white New Zealand rabbits were included in the study. A posterior penetrating ocular injury was performed at the superotemporal quadrant. They were randomly divided into three groups. The rabbits in group 1 received intravitreal dexamethasone, in group 2 they received intravitreal bevacizumab and those in group 3 received intravitreal physiological saline solution in both eyes...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675347/anisometropia-and-refractive-status-in-children-with-unilateral-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#18
Adnan Aslam Saleem, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Umair Wakeel, Muhammad Asif
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the refractive status and thereby assess anisometropia in children with unilateral congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). STUDY DESIGN: This study design was a descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION: this study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismology, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi; from August 2013 to July 2014. METHODOLOGY: This study assessed consecutive children with unilateral CNLDO...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675271/the-relationship-between-peripheral-nerve-conduction-velocity-and-ophthalmological-findings-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-early-diabetic-retinopathy
#19
Azusa Ito, Hiroshi Kunikata, Masayuki Yasuda, Shojiro Sawada, Keiichi Kondo, Chihiro Satake, Kazuki Hashimoto, Naoko Aizawa, Hideki Katagiri, Toru Nakazawa
Purpose: Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) is an indicator of neuronal damage in the distal segment of the peripheral nerves. Here, we determined the association between NCV and other systemic and ocular clinical findings, in type 2 diabetes patients with early diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: This study included 42 eyes of 42 type 2 diabetes patients (median age: 54 years) with no DR or with mild nonproliferative DR. Standard statistical techniques were used to determine associations between clinical findings...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675082/susac-s-syndrome-retinocochleocerebral-vasculopathy-follow-up-of-a-pediatric-patient
#20
Zeynep Selen Karalok, Birce Dilge Taskin, Alev Guven, Cemile Atilgan Ucgul, Omer Faruk Aydin
Susac's syndrome (SS) is a triad of encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO), and sensorineural hearing loss as a result of microvascular occlusions of the brain, retina, and inner ear. It is also a disorder of autoimmune endotheliopathy. SS usually affects young women between the age of 20 and 40 years. SS can be misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis (MS) or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) because of similar findings. A 15-year-old girl presented in June 2015 with vomiting and severe headache...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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