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Newton Kara-Junior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit, Benigno Vicente Santos Hercos, Adriana Berezovsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Natasha Ferreira Santos da Cruz, Larissa Silva Brandão, Sérgio Ferreira Santos da Cruz, Sérgio Augusto Sequeira da Cruz, Carla Andréa Avelar Pires, Francisca Regina Oliveira Carneiro
PURPOSE: We aimed to report the ocular manifestations observed in patients with psoriasis. METHODS: Patients were included and referred to our ophthalmology clinic from dermatology clinics of Universidade do Estado do Pará between October 2013 and August 2014. Clinical interviews were conducted to identify relevant epidemiological data, clinical features, and treatment details, and data were recorded using the same protocol. Subsequent dermatological examinations were performed and disease severity was rated using the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index and the Dermatological Life Quality Index...
June 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Jeffrey J Walline, Marc W Robboy, Gene Hilmantel, Michelle E Tarver, Natalie A Afshari, Deepinder K Dhaliwal, Christie L Morse, Christopher J Quinn, Michael X Repka, Malvina B Eydelman
The prevalence of myopia is high and increasing. Approximately 5 billion people around the world are expected to be myopic by the year 2050. Methods to slow the progression of myopia and therefore potentially decrease the associated sight-threatening complications have been the subject of a number of investigations. A workshop, sponsored by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Devices and Radiological Health, American Academy of Ophthalmology, American Academy of Optometry, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, American Optometric Association, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, and Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc, convened myopia experts from around the world to discuss principles to consider in the design of clinical trials investigating the effectiveness and safety of myopia control devices...
July 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
Sally L Painter, Zuzana Sipkova, Beatrice Emmanouil, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry, John S Elston
OBJECTIVE: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is an uncommon but well-recognized disorder characterized by multiple schwannomas and meningiomas. Adults typically present with hearing loss and balance disturbance, and children with ocular, dermatological, and neurological signs. Clinical diagnosis is confirmed by neuroimaging and genetic testing. Although ophthalmic features are present in patients with NF2, there are no reports correlating genetic severity subtypes with ophthalmic involvement...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
G Lanzolla, E Sabini, M A Profilo, B Mazzi, A Sframeli, R Rocchi, F Menconi, M Leo, M Nardi, P Vitti, C Marcocci, M Marinò
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that high cholesterol represents a risk factor for Graves' orbitopathy (GO). In a recent cross-sectional study, a correlation between cholesterol and the presence of GO was found in patients with a Graves' disease (GD) of recent onset. To confirm this observation, we conducted a retrospective investigation in consecutive patients with GD. The primary outcome was the relationship between the presence of GO and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Seong Eun Jin, Chang-Seob Seo, Mee-Young Lee, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Mi-Jin Yang, Hyekyung Ha
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional herbal formula Gyejibokryeong-hwan (GJBRH; Guizhifuling-wan, Keishibukuryo-gan) consisting five medicinal herbs has been used to treat uterine disorders, gynecological diseases and blood stasis syndrome in Asia. AIM OF THE STUDY: We evaluated the safety of GJBRH in Crl:CD Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats over a period of 13 weeks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To confirm the stability of the components of GJBRH, we analyzed the component contents in GJBRH at different storage periods, using high-performance liquid chromatography...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Renata C Portela, Nikoly T Fares, Lilian F Machado, Amanda F São Leão, Denise de Freitas, Augusto Paranhos, Tiago S Prata, Carolina P B Gracitelli
PURPOSE: To assess ocular surface disease (OSD) in glaucoma using clinical parameters, self-report assessment and keratograph analysis. METHODS: A total of 30 glaucoma patients and 27 subjects with cataracts (control group) were enrolled in the study. Only glaucoma patients who were using at least 1 topical intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering medication were included. An ophthalmological examination was performed, including tear break-up time, assessment of conjunctival hyperemia and keratitis, and completion of the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Xi Shen, Chang-Xing Ma, Kam C Yuen, Guo-Liang Tian
Bilateral correlated data are often encountered in medical researches such as ophthalmologic (or otolaryngologic) studies, in which each unit contributes information from paired organs to the data analysis, and the measurements from such paired organs are generally highly correlated. Various statistical methods have been developed to tackle intra-class correlation on bilateral correlated data analysis. In practice, it is very important to adjust the effect of confounder on statistical inferences, since either ignoring the intra-class correlation or confounding effect may lead to biased results...
January 1, 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Yun Wong, Jane Dickinson, Petros Perros, Colin Dayan, Pratibha Veeramani, Daniel Morris, Barny Foot, Lucy Clarke
This prospective British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit (BOSU) study on dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) determines the incidence, presenting features and management throughout the UK. New cases were identified through the BOSU yellow card and an initial questionnaire and a subsequent 9-month follow-up questionnaire were posted out. From August 2015 to August 2016 DON was reported in 49 patients with 71 eyes affected, 22 patients had bilateral DON. The most common presenting symptom was blurred vision (83%) and the most common examination finding was upgaze restriction (85%)...
June 18, 2018: Eye
Haeng-Jin Lee, Seong-Joon Kim, Young Suk Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes of homogenous bilateral rectus recession in patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation in intermittent exotropia and investigate factors associated with surgical outcomes. METHODS: In this retrospective review, patients with the same preoperative angle of deviation who underwent bilateral 6-mm lateral rectus recession between January 2008 and January 2014 were observed for 2 or more years. Patients were classified into two groups based on deviation angle: success (orthophoria or exodeviation < 10 prism diopters [PD]) or recurrence (exodeviation ≥ 10 PD)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Minlu Song, Mengxi Shen, Yanping Zhou, Kairong Zheng, Yuanqi Zhai, Meichun Xiao, Xiaohan Wang, Fenghua Wang, Xiaodong Sun
PURPOSE: To observe features of the posterior vitreous and vitreoretinal interface in highly myopic eyes with retinoschisis using enhanced vitreous imaging optical coherence tomography. METHODS: Comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and enhanced vitreous imaging optical coherence tomography were performed in 77 eyes of 63 patients with highly myopic retinoschisis. Two different modes of spectral domain optical coherence tomography were employed to estimate retinoschisis and the posterior vitreous features in optical coherence tomography images, respectively...
June 13, 2018: Retina
Kari Schneider, Hai Nguyen-Tran, Bradley J Segura, Raymond G Areaux, Dan Nerheim, Jeffrey P Louie
The purpose of this study is to describe pediatric ocular injuries presenting to a level-III pediatric trauma center and emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study and identified children from January 1, 2011, to January 1, 2016. Charts were reviewed for any subject, age from newborn to younger than 18 years, based on International Classification of Diseases, ninth and tenth revision, codes for any ocular injury. Data abstraction included age, sex, means of arrival, eye involved, mechanism of injury, type of ocular injury, imaging studies obtained, procedures performed, location of definitive repair (in the operating room or emergency department), and subspecialty services involved...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Gernot Steinwender, Luisa Schwarz, Myriam Böhm, Anna Slavík-Lenčová, Eva Hemkeppler, Mehdi Shajari, Thomas Kohnen
PURPOSE: To report visual and refractive outcomes after implantation of a trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) in highly myopic patients. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This study included eyes with previous phacoemulsification and implantation of a trifocal IOL (AT LISA tri 839MP or 939MP) with an IOL power between 0.0 diopter (D) and 10...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
David F Chang, Nick Mamalis
These Guidelines for the Cleaning and Sterilization of Intraocular Surgical Instruments were written by the Ophthalmic Instrument Cleaning and Sterilization (OICS) Task Force, comprised of representatives of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, the American Academy of Ophthalmology, and the Outpatient Ophthalmic Surgery Society. These consensus subspecialty guidelines include evidence-based recommendations regarding issues that may be unique to the cleaning and sterilization of intraocular instrumentation...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Ana Banc, Cristina Stan, Alexandra-Stefania Berghe, Tudor Catalin Drugan, Ioan-Stefan Florian
OBJECTIVE: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive high-resolution imaging technique which was suggested to be a powerful biomarker of neurodegeneration. The objective of our study is to assess the pattern of retinal OCT changes in patients with visual pathway tumors. METHODS: A prospective clinical study was conducted and patients with single cerebral tumors with potential of compression on the visual pathway were included. Patients with multiple and/or metastatic tumors were excluded...
June 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Justyna Widomska, Witold K Subczynski
Macular xanthophylls (MXs) are distinguished from other dietary carotenoids by their high membrane solubility and preferential transmembrane orientation. Additionally, these properties enhance the chemical and physical stability of MXs in the eye retina, and maximize their protective activities. The effectiveness of MXs' protection is also enhanced by their selective accumulation in the most vulnerable domains of retinal membranes. The retina is protected by MXs mainly through blue-light filtration, quenching of the excited triplet states of potent photosensitizers, and physical quenching of singlet oxygen...
June 14, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Hussam El Chehab, Emilie Agard, Corinne Dot
BACKGROUNDS: The NATO KAIA Hospital (Kabul International Airport), under French command, provided medical support for NATO forces in the Kabul region from 2009 to 2014. Medical assistance to civilians was an additional mission which included support for children who were war injured. The objective of this study was to analyze characteristics of cephalic injuries in children victims of war trauma. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted and commenced with the hospital opening (July 2009) to March 2012 on all children (<15years) with war trauma...
June 9, 2018: Injury
Naoko Kurahashi, Yukiko Futamura, Norie Nonobe, Shunsuke Ogaya, Yuki Maki, Ikuko Yoshimura, Takeshi Suzuki, Yosuke Hosokawa, Keitaro Yamada, Kosaburo Aso, Koichi Maruyama, Miho Nakamura
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on hiragana reading skill and phonological awareness in Japanese schoolchildren with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). METHODS: Three seven-year-old children with PVL who had no intellectual disabilities or dysarthria were recruited. Their perinatal information, brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) at term equivalent age, accompanying neurodevelopmental disorders, ophthalmologic features, Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC), a hiragana reading test (four tasks), and a phonological awareness task (mora reversal tasks) were analyzed...
June 13, 2018: Brain & Development
Helen Khan, Mariya Moosajee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2018: Eye
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