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Ophthalmological

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823075/refractive-corneal-and-ocular-residual-astigmatism-distribution-in-a-german-population-and-age-dependency-the-gutenberg-health-study
#1
Alexander Karl-Georg Schuster, Norbert Pfeiffer, Andreas Schulz, René Hoehn, Katharina A Ponto, Philipp S Wild, Maria Blettner, Manfred E Beutel, Karl J Lackner, Thomas Münzel, Alireza Mirshahi
PURPOSE: Worldwide, the most frequent cause of visual impairment is uncorrected refractive error. This analysis focused on the distribution and associations of refractive, corneal and ocular residual astigmatism. METHODS: As part of the Gutenberg Health study, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the general population of Germany. A comprehensive ophthalmological examination including refraction, tonometry, and Scheimpflug imaging of the anterior cornea (Pachycam) was performed...
August 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821910/-german-ophthalmology-internationally
#2
EDITORIAL
T Kohnen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820764/severe-case-of-renal-coloboma-syndrome-in-long-term-follow-up
#3
Lise Sels, Werner Dirven, Koenraad Devriendt, Anita Leys
PURPOSE: To characterize the ocular features of a severe case of renal coloboma syndrome in a long-term follow-up. METHODS: Observational case report over a period of 45 years. Examination under anesthesia at the age of 3 months, repeated ophthalmologic examination (age 7, 14, 25, 45 years), fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography, electroretinography, ocular ultrasound, optical coherence tomography, computed tomography scan orbits, and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain...
August 17, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#4
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#5
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819514/-fortuitous-detection-of-composite-heterozygous-s-c-sickle-cell-disease
#6
Asmâa Biaz, Maroua Neji, Yousra Ajhoun, Samira El Machtani Idrissi, Abdellah Dami, Karim Reda, Zohra Ouzzif, Sanae Bouhsain
Composite S/C sickle cell disease accounts for 20%-30% of major sickle cell syndromes. We report a case of fortuitous detection of composite heterozygous S/C sickle cell disease in the context of retinal detachment. The patient had been hospitalized in the Department of Ophthalmology for treatment-resistant decreased visual acuity detected 06 months before. The patient's clinical history was marked by total hip replacement (THR) twelve years before. Our study highlights the wide clinical variability of sickle cell disease underlying the importance of early screening and adapted clinical monitoring of patients at-risk, in order to avoid its evolution toward irreversible organic sequelae such as sickle cell retinopathy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817388/ophthalmologic-manifestations-of-systemic-vasculitis
#7
George N Papaliodis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the systemic vasculitides and associated ocular manifestations with emphasis on publications within the last 12 months. RECENT FINDINGS: There are multiple case reports demonstrating atypical ocular manifestations of systemic vasculitis. Often the eye findings are the initial presentation of the disorder and require a high degree of clinical suspicion to evaluate further as these conditions can compromise vision but some may also be life threatening...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816795/voriconazole-antifungal-prophylaxis-in-children-with-malignancies-a-nationwide-study
#8
Zoi Dorothea Pana, Maria Kourti, Katerina Vikelouda, Antonia Vlahou, Nikolaos Katzilakis, Maria Papageorgiou, Dimitrios Doganis, Loizos Petrikkos, Anna Paisiou, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Antonios Kattamis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Maria Chatzistilianou, Helen Vasilatou-Kosmidis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Stelios Grafakos, Emmanuel Roilides
BACKGROUND: Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients' demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815322/headache-in-patients-with-chronic-subdural-hematoma-analysis-in-1080-patients
#9
Shoko M Yamada, Yusuke Tomita, Hideki Murakami, Makoto Nakane, So Yamada, Mineko Murakami, Katsumi Hoya, Tadayoshi Nakagomi, Akira Tamura, Akira Matsuno
Headache is a major symptom in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) patients. However, some CSDH patients do not complain headache although the hematoma is thick with definite midline shift. This clinical study was performed to identify the mechanism of headache in CSDH patients. We compiled clinical data of 1080 surgically treated CSDH patients (711 males and 369 females), and in 54 cases, the pressure of hematoma was measured during burr hole surgery using a glass-stick manometer. Headache was recognized in 22...
August 16, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812912/a-case-of-orbital-dirofilariasis-in-new-york
#10
Stephen Walters, Michael H Levi, Christina M Coyle, Jean Park, Anne Barmettler
A 39-year-old female presented with a 5-day history of left inferonasal periocular swelling and associated intermittent itching. Ophthalmologic examination demonstrated a 4 × 8 mm subcutaneous painless mass localized anterior to the medial left lower orbital rim. An excision of the mass was performed, and pathology revealed Dirofilaria. The patient improved over the 3 months of postoperative follow-up. Although several human cases of pulmonary dirofilariasis have been reported in the United States, periocular dirofilariasis has been rarely reported in the United States...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811796/visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-with-lens-implant-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-a-comparative-study
#11
Abdul Rashid Shaikh, Abdul Haleem Mirani, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) in persons with and without diabetes at end of follow-up. METHODS: This was a comparative, cross sectional, observational study with Non-probability, purposive sampling. After approval from "Research Ethical Committee of Isra Post-graduate Institute of Ophthalmology Karachi, 92 patients with cataract in one eye were selected. Patients were divided into two groups...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811773/transepithelial-corneal-crosslinking-in-treatment-of-progressive-keratoconus-12-months-clinical-results
#12
Bushra Akbar, Rana Intisar-Ul-Haq, Mazhar Ishaq, Sabahat Arzoo, Kashif Siddique
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transepithelial corneal collagen cross linking (TE-CXL) with modified riboflavin and accelerated UVA irradiance in thin corneas with pachymetry less than 400 microns at thinnest point, untreatable by epithelium off corneal collagen cross linking (CXL) in adult Pakistani population with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: This quasi experimental study included twenty six eyes of 26 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent accelerated transepithelial CXL in Armed forced institute of ophthalmology with 12 months follow up...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810578/25g-compared-with-20g-vitrectomy-under-resight-non-contact-wide-angle-lenses-for-terson-syndrome
#13
Xinbang Mao, Zhipeng You
The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of 25G vitrectomy to standard 20G vitrectomy for treatment of Terson syndrome under Resight non-contact wide-angle lenses. This was a case-control study of 20 patients with Terson syndrome (study group) that underwent 25G vitrectomy under Resight non-contact wide-angle lenses, with those of 20 matched patients that underwent 20G vitrectomy (control group). Medical records were reviewed from between July 2011 and October 2013. Data included results of the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study examination, ophthalmology B-scan ultrasonography and fundus photography...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810284/-development-of-non-arteritic-anterior-ischaemic-optic-neuropathy-in-the-initially-unaffected-fellow-eye-in-patients-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids
#14
Artur Pahor, Dusica Pahor
Background The objective of this prospective pilot study was to evaluate the results of systemic corticosteroid therapy in patient with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic neuropathy of the optical nerve (NAION) for an observation period of one year and to measure the NAION incidence in the initially healthy contralateral eye of these patients. Patients and Methods All patients diagnosed with acute NAION who were admitted to our ward during 2014 and who fulfilled all inclusion criteria for systemic corticosteroid therapy were included in the study...
August 15, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809847/genome-wide-expression-datasets-of-anti-vegf-and-dexamethasone-treatment-of-angiogenesis-in-the-rat-cornea
#15
Anthony Mukwaya, Pierfrancesco Mirabelli, Anton Lennikov, Maria Xeroudaki, Mira Schaupper, Beatrice Peebo, Neil Lagali
Therapeutics against pathologic new blood vessel growth, particularly those targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are of enormous clinical interest. In the eye, where anti-VEGF agents are in widespread clinical use for treating retinal and corneal blindness, only partial or transient efficacy and resistance to anti-VEGF agents are among the major drawbacks. Conversely, corticosteroids have long been used in ophthalmology for their potency in suppressing inflammation and angiogenesis, but their broad biological activity can give rise to side effects such as glaucoma and cataract...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809764/the-43rd-annual-meeting-of-the-north-american-neuro-ophthalmology-society-in-washington-dc
#16
Kathleen B Digre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808774/-refractive-lenticule-extraction-the-relex-smile-technique-video-article
#17
REVIEW
M Blum, W Sekundo
Refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx/SMILE) is a refractive surgical method developed by the authors in stages primarily for correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism, in which a femtosecond laser is exclusively used. In the (ReLEx/SMILE) method a refractive lenticule is generated by the femtosecond laser, which is subsequently extracted through a small incision. Opening of the corneal surface with a flap and use of an excimer laser is no longer necessary. In 2013 the method was newly assessed and classified by the Joint Commisssion for Refractive Surgery (KRC) of the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists (BVA) and the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG)...
August 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808765/presentation-and-symptom-interval-in-children-with-central-nervous-system-tumors-a-single-center-experience
#18
Chiara Stocco, Chiara Pilotto, Eva Passone, Agostino Nocerino, Raffaello Tosolini, Anna Pusiol, Paola Cogo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the symptoms and signs of central nervous system (CNS) tumors in a pediatric population and to assess the time interval between the onset of the disease and the time of the diagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted at our Oncology Pediatric Unit between January 2000 and November 2011. We included 75 children between 5 months and 16 years (mean age of 7.8 ± 4.7 years), with male to female ratio of 3:2...
August 14, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807733/early-trabeculotomy-ab-externo-in-treatment-of-sturge-weber-syndrome
#19
Yue Wu, Rujing Yu, Di Chen, Li Xu, Li Zhu, Mao Li, Chunyu Guo, Ping Gu, Xiaoxi Lin, Wenyi Guo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intermediate-term efficacy and safety of trabeculotomy in infant Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: All SWS-induced glaucoma patients less than 12 months of age who underwent trabeculotomy at our Ophthalmology Department from August 2011 to March 2017 were reviewed. Baseline demographics, intraocular pressure (IOP), cup-to-disc ratio (C/D) and cornea diameters were noted before surgery...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807636/visual-outcomes-and-complications-of-type-i-boston-keratoprosthesis-in-children-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-and-literature-review
#20
Simon S M Fung, Samir Jabbour, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Reginald R G Tan, Patrick Hamel, Kashif Baig, Asim Ali
PURPOSE: To report outcomes and complications of Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation in children. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter case series. PARTICIPANTS: All children 16 years of age or younger who underwent KPro surgery at 3 ophthalmology centers in Canada between January 2010 and November 2014. METHODS: Records of patients having undergone KPro implantation were reviewed. Data on preoperative characteristics, surgical procedure(s) performed, and postoperative outcomes were collected and analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Ophthalmology
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