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Tawrin Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Nicola Marchili, Eleonora Ortu, Davide Pietropaoli, Ruggero Cattaneo, Annalisa Monaco
Stomatognathic system is strictly correlated to other anatomical regions; many studies investigated relationship between temporomandibular joint and posture, several articles describe cranio-facial pain from dental causes, such as trigger points. Until now less interest has been given to connections between dental occlusion and ophthalmology, even if they are important and involving. Clinical experience in dental practice claims that mandibular latero-deviation is connected both to eye dominance and to defects of ocular convergence...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
A K Wang, X L Kang
Craniosynostosis(CS), the premature fusion of cranial sutures leading to an abnormal shape and precocious maturity of skull, is classified into Non-syndromic Craniosynostosis (NSC) and Syndromic Craniosynostoses(SC).NCS only has different abnormality of skull according to which cranial suture is involved while extra malformation of midface and limbs present in SCS. Common SCS contains Crouzon Syndrome, Apert Syndrome, Pfeiffer Sydrome, and etc. The clinical manifestation of CS includes malformation of skull, intracranial hypertension, brain hernia, developmental disorder of cerebral function, strabismus, and etc, while SCS has more complex manifestation...
August 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Christopher T Leffler, Ricardo D Wainsztein
We strove to identify the earliest cataract surgeons in Latin America. Probably by 1611, the Genovese oculist Francisco Drago was couching cataracts in Mexico City. The surgeon Melchor Vásquez de Valenzuela probably performed cataract couching in Lima by 1697. Juan Peré of France demonstrated cataract couching in Veracruz and Mexico City between 1779 and 1784. Juan Ablanedo of Spain performed couching in Veracruz in 1791. Cataract extraction might have been performed in Havana and Caracas by 1793 and in Mexico by 1797...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
J J Barbón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
K A Makhinov, A N Barinov, M G Zhestikova, L R Mingazova, E V Parkhomenko
Diagnosis and treatment of facial pain is a problem for physicians of different specialties (neurologists, dentists, surgeons, oculists, otolaryngologists and psychiatrists). A classification of this pathology is far from ideal and an interdisciplinary comprehensive approach is needed. Current approaches to etiotropic, symptomatic and pathogenetic treatment of patients with most frequent variants of orofacial pain are presented.
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Hon Shing Ong, Melanie C Corbett
Ninety years ago, the first issue of the Postgraduate Medical Journal published a review of an article written by Mr Robert Lindsay-Rea, a consultant ophthalmic surgeon in the Western Ophthalmic Hospital and an oculist in the West End Hospital for Nervous Diseases, entitled "A preliminary report on the treatment of keratitis". Today, microbial keratitis remains an important cause of avoidable visual impairment in the world. The aetiology of microbial keratitis has changed greatly over the past century due to the discovery of antibiotics, improvement in sanitation and education, the rising trend of contact lens wear and increased air travel...
October 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Jiangnan He, Haidong Zou, Jianfeng Zhu, Xiangui He, Lina Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of eye disease prevention resources in community health service centers, to understand the distribution of ophthalmology service resources in each community, and to understand the main problems existing in the work of blindness prevention and treatment in Shanghai, so as to strengthen the prevention of blindness and improve the primary eye care level. METHODS: Using the survey method, we carried out the investigation of disease control and prevention resources in all community health service centers to obtain the data of eye disease prevention and treatment resources...
July 2015: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Jean-Marie Mouthon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2012: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Richard F Novak
The Statue of Freedom, which sits on top of the Capitol Dome in Washington, DC, was created by Thomas Crawford. At the peak of his career in 1856, while busy completing multiple commissions for the new Capitol extensions, he developed diplopia and consulted the leading oculists of the time in Paris, Drs. Desmarres and Sichel, who were certain he had an intraorbital tumor. Two American physicians were also involved in Crawford's care. Both became controversial after treating Crawford, one because of his method of diagnosis, the other because of his unproven method of treating cancer...
July 2015: Survey of Ophthalmology
Fei Liu, Xiaying Peng, Peng Liang, Jun Luo
OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness and safety of low-dose vecuronium (0.01 mg/kg) for correcting eccentric eye position during ocular surgery. METHODS: A total of 80 ASA I-II children undergoing cataract or squint surgery were randomized into 2 groups (n = 40 each). Fentanyl and propofol were used for induction and then laryngeal mask (LMA) was inserted. 0.01 mg/kg vecuronium was administered to the low-dose group (L group) and 0.08 mg/kg vecuronium for high-dose group (H group)...
January 27, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Byrd Davenport, Jessica Randolph, Joshua Busscher, Tamer Hadi
Three English ophthalmic texts of the 1580s were frequently republished: 1) Walter Bailey's A Briefe Treatise Touching the Preseruation of the Eie Sight, 2) The Method of Phisicke, an adaptation of the medieval treatise of Benevenutus Grassus, and 3) A Worthy Treatise of the Eyes, a translation of Jacques Guillemeau's treatise. Their history is intertwined through composite publications, some of which lacked clear attribution. At least 21 editions incorporated these texts. Although not previously realized, major elements of all 3 works are found in Two Treatises Concerning the Preseruation of Eie-sight, first published in 1616...
2014: Open Ophthalmology Journal
Muriel Pardon-Labonnelie
The development of the inventory and synthetic study of collyrium stamps, commonly known as "oculist's stamps", includes the physico-chemical analysis of rare stamped collyrium's remains. The fragments of collyrium which were discovered in a tomb of Morlungo (Veneto) are all the more remarkable as the remedy's name stamped on two of them remains enigmatic at the moment and because of the association in a funerary context with an-other thirty-five finds. More specifically, they were discovered near surgical bronze instruments, a large amount of amber, a portable sundial and a seal box...
January 2014: Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Byrd Davenport
From antiquity through the Renaissance, congenital blindness was generally regarded as incurable, as noted in both medical and lay publications. The earliest reference to congenital cataract surgery that we identified, reported in 1663, referred to an 18-year-old female treated by English oculist John Stepkins (d. 1652). An examination of the literature related to the Stepkins family reveals the presence of male and female oculists during that period, including his daughter, Lady Theodosia Ivy. Eye waters attributed to Stepkins contained tutty (an oxide of zinc), roses, sugar candy, and other ingredients...
July 2014: JAMA Ophthalmology
Christopher T Leffler, Stephen G Schwartz, Russell Stackhouse, Byrd Davenport, Karli Spetzler
With this article, we aimed to trace the evolution and impact of eye-related terms common in written English during the past 2 centuries by studying digital resources. Eye-related words and phrases (n-grams) occurring in English books at a frequency of 0.00001% for at least 25 years between 1790 and 2008 were identified from the Google n-gram database by searching for 254 strings such as eye or ophth. The first known English use of these n-grams was identified from historical articles and from multiple digital resources...
December 2013: JAMA Ophthalmology
Imran Haq, Humayun A Khatib
Europe in the Middle Ages had descended into a dark period, and none more so than in the field of medicine. The rich heritage of the pagan Greeks had largely been ignored or forgotten by medieval Europe, and instead it was the early Arabist world that embraced and developed the Hellenistic medical teachings, emerging not only as guardians of the classical learning still existent, but also as pioneers and innovators, restricted only by the development in the associated fields. The Kahhal (), or Oculist or Eye Specialist, had a privileged place in royal households, especially during the Abbasid period, in contrast to the time of Galen, whose writings referred to ophthalmologists in a rather derogatory manner...
May 2012: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the provision of physicians in urban area as compared with rural area, is 4.5 times higher that decreases the accessibility of medical care and its prevention trend to rural population. The inequality in the regional placement of physician manpower according such medical specialties as obstetricians, gynecologists, cardiologists, endocrinologists, psychiatrists, oculists is revealed. This condition decreases the support of preventive activities in the medical institutions. The higher provision of cardiologists, endocrinologists, psychiatrists and oculists is established in the cities of Astana and Almaty...
July 2011: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Tomasz Kazało, Andrzej Grzybowski
Stanislaw Mondelski was born the 21.01.1914 in Tarnow. He graduated the University of Medical Siences in 1948. He became the professor of the Ophtalmology Departament of the University of Medical Siences in Poznan in 1983. He was the author of above 100 scientific works. The subject matter of works concerned of the diagnosis and the treatment of the illnesses of retina, the oculistic oncology, improving the diagnostic methods and the operating techniques, the relationship between the eyes iseases and the general condition of the human organism, the treatment of glaucoma...
2011: Klinika Oczna
Xiu-sheng Song, Le Tian, Li-xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To gain insights into the construction and content of literature on infectious keratitis in China during the past two decades. METHODS: Through VIP-VMIS, SinoMed and PubMed databases for the period of 1989 to 2008, the literature regarding infectious keratitis published in domestic and foreign journals by China authors was retrieved. Numbers, types, time, journal distribution of documents published and provincial distribution of authors were recorded...
April 26, 2011: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
David A Goss
Christian Henry Brown, M.D., (1857-1933) was an oculist who operated the Philadelphia Optical College for over forty years. This paper provides a brief biographical sketch of C.H. Brown and a history of the Philadelphia Optical College. The Philadelphia Optical College offered attendance and correspondence courses in optometry, and claimed to have had several thousand graduates. It did not fare well in a rating of optometry schools in the mid-1920s. Brown authored several significant textbooks, most notably Optician's Manual, later retitled Optometrist's Manual...
October 2010: Hindsight: Newsletter of the Optometric Historical Society
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