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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450710/indicators-for-imaging-in-periorbital-cellulitis-secondary-to-rhinosinusitis
#1
Basel Jabarin, Ephraim Eviatar, Ofer Israel, Tal Marom, Haim Gavriel
PURPOSE: Our objective was to identify the clinical indicators for subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) among patients who present with periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis, and to evaluate the need for performing a computerized tomography (CT) scan. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all patients admitted to our tertiary care emergency department between 2006 and 2014 was conducted. Included were healthy patients with acute periorbital cellulitis secondary to rhinosinusitis...
February 15, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448284/-the-keyrole-of-multiomics-in-the-predictive-preventive-and-personalised-medical-approach-towards-glaucoma-management
#2
Olga Golubnitschaja
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness, with altogether about 70 million patients registered worldwide. These facts prompt us to reconsider currently applied concepts in overall glaucoma management. Innovative strategies of predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM) are expected to considerably improve disease prevention and personalised treatment. The comprehensive PPPM measures include the application of individualised patient profiles, "phenotyping", molecular characterisation of the pre-lesions and disease stages, innovative screening programs, patient stratification, early and predictive diagnosis, targeted prevention, and the creation of personalised treatment algorithms...
February 2018: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444655/a-systematic-study-on-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-china
#3
Shuman Xu, Zhijiang Liang, Qiyun Du, Zhankui Li, Guangming Tan, Chuan Nie, Yang Yang, Xuzai Lv, Chunyi Zhang, Xianqiong Luo
BACKGROUND: To identify the prevention situation, the main factors influencing prevention effects and to develop control measures over retinopathy of prematurity in China. METHODS: Using stratified random sampling method, we randomly selected 23 provincial and ministerial hospitals (8 in Guangdong province, 5 in Hunan province and 10 in Shaanxi province), 81 municipal hospitals (38 in Guangdong province, 19 in Hunan province and 24 in Shaanxi province), 180 district and county hospitals (76 in Guangdong province, 57 in Hunan province and 47 in Shaanxi province) in China...
February 14, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440852/rare-variant-of-ankyloblepharon-ectodermal-defect-cleft-lip-cleft-palate-syndrome-curly-hair-ankyloblepharon-nail-disease-syndrome
#4
Ajay Chopra, Debdeep Mitra, Renu Kandpal, Reetu Agarwal
Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect-cleft lip/cleft palate (AEC) syndrome is one of the variants of ectodermal dysplasia. It is an autosomal dominant disorder comprising of ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft palate or cleft lip. In 1976, it wasfirst described by Hay and Wells, therefore also known as Hay-Wells syndrome. The characteristic feature of this syndrome is "ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum", which refers to the partial thickness fusion of the eyelid margins. The "curly hair-ankyloblepharon-nail disease (CHAND) syndrome" is a clinical variant of AEC syndrome...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438263/validity-and-acceptance-of-color-vision-testing-on-smartphones
#5
Omar K Ozgur, Trisha S Emborgo, Mark B Vieyra, Rebecca F Huselid, Rudrani Banik
BACKGROUND: Ishihara color plates (ICP) are the most commonly used color vision test (CVT) worldwide. With the advent of new technologies, attempts have been made to streamline the process of CVT. As hardware and software evolve, smartphone-based testing modalities may aid ophthalmologists in performing more efficient ophthalmic examinations. We assess the validity of smartphone color vision testing (CVT) by comparing results using the Eye Handbook (EHB) CVT application with standard Ishihara color plates (ICP)...
March 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433153/-diagnosis-coding-in-german-medical-practices-a-retrospective-study-using-routine-data
#6
Sebastian Carnarius, Joachim Heuer, Jürgen Stausberg
OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians and specialists deal with a wide range of diseases. The diagnoses are coded by using the annual version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revised version, German modification (ICD-10-GM). The aim of this study was to describe the current spectrum of documented diagnoses by physicians. Based on the underlying conditions, a broad variety of ICD-10-GM codes could be expected, which in many cases would not be coded to the final character (terminal)...
February 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432434/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-the-kayes-region-of-mali-eight-years-after-stopping-mass-drug-administration
#7
Lamine Traoré, Benoit Dembele, Modibo Keita, Steven Reid, Mahamadou Dembéle, Bréhima Mariko, Famolo Coulibaly, Whitney Goldman, Dramane Traoré, Daouda Coulibaly, Boubacar Guindo, Joe Amon, Marily Knieriemen, Yaobi Zhang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, three years after stopping mass treatment with azithromycin, a trachoma impact survey in four health districts in the Kayes region of Mali found a prevalence of trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF) among children aged 1 to 9 years of >5% and a trachomatous trichiasis (TT) prevalence within the general population (≥1-year-old) of <1%. As a result, the government's national trachoma program expanded trichiasis surgery and related activities required to achieve trachoma elimination...
February 12, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431164/recommendations-for-the-detection-and-diagnosis-of-niemann-pick-disease-type-c-an-update
#8
REVIEW
Marc C Patterson, Peter Clayton, Paul Gissen, Mathieu Anheim, Peter Bauer, Olivier Bonnot, Andrea Dardis, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Hans-Hermann Klünemann, Philippe Latour, Charles M Lourenço, Daniel S Ory, Alasdair Parker, Miguel Pocoví, Michael Strupp, Marie T Vanier, Mark Walterfang, Thorsten Marquardt
Purpose of review: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a neurovisceral disorder that may be more prevalent than earlier estimates. Diagnosis of NP-C is often delayed; a key aim for clinical practice is to reduce this delay. Recently, substantial progress has been made in the field of NP-C screening and diagnosis, justifying an update to the existing recommendations for clinical practice. Recent findings: New biomarker profiling and genetic analysis technologies are included as first-line diagnostic tests for NP-C...
December 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427823/contribution-of-diagnostic-tests-for-the-etiological-assessment-of-uveitis-data-from-the-ulisse-study-uveitis-clinical-and-medicoeconomic-evaluation-of-a-standardized-strategy-of-the-etiological-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Pierre Grumet, Laurent Kodjikian, Audrey de Parisot, Marie-Hélène Errera, Neila Sedira, Emmanuel Heron, Laurent Pérard, Pierre-Loïc Cornut, Christelle Schneider, Sophie Rivière, Priscille Ollé, Grégory Pugnet, Pascal Cathébras, Pierre Manoli, Bahram Bodaghi, David Saadoun, Stéphanie Baillif, Nathalie Tieulie, Marc Andre, Frédéric Chiambaretta, Nicolas Bonin, Philip Bielefeld, Alain Bron, Frédéric Mouriaux, Boris Bienvenu, Stéphanie Vicente, Sylvie Bin, Marc Labetoulle, Christiane Broussolle, Yvan Jamilloux, Evelyne Decullier, Pascal Sève
PURPOSE: ULISSE is the only study that prospectively assessed the efficiency of a standardized strategy, compared to an open strategy for the etiologic diagnosis of uveitis. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic yield of the tests prescribed in the ULISSE study to clarify their relevance. METHODS: ULISSE is a non-inferiority, prospective, multicenter and cluster randomized study. The standardized strategy is a two-steps strategy: in the first step, common standard tests were performed, and in the second step, tests were guided by the clinical and anatomic type of uveitis...
February 7, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426444/eyeprintpro-therapeutic-scleral-contact-lens-indications-and-outcomes
#10
Michael T B Nguyen, Vishakha Thakrar, Clara C Chan
OBJECTIVE: To describe indications and outcomes of patients fitted with the EyePrintPRO therapeutic scleral lens. METHODS: A database search of patients fitted with the EyePrintPRO from 2014 to 2016. Fourteen eyes of 10 patients were reviewed retrospectively. Patient demographics, medical and ocular history, indications for fitting, duration of wear, symptoms, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were analyzed. RESULTS: Mean age at lens fitting was 49 years (range, 21-67 years)...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426438/role-of-methotrexate-in-thyroid-related-orbitopathy
#11
Avi Rubinov, Hila Zommer, Helya Aghazadeh, Ezekiel Weis
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of a tertiary care orbital service in treating severe active thyroid related orbitopathy with methotrexate (MTX) managed by the Ophthalmologist. DESIGN: Retrospective consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen consecutive patients (5 males and 14 females) with severe active thyroid related orbitopathy. METHODS: Severe active thyroid orbitopathy patients with partial or no response to intravenous glucocorticoids were treated with MTX and observed for inflammatory scale reduction and treatment complications...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426437/rehabilitation-of-reading-skills-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#12
REVIEW
Michelle Markowitz, Monica Daibert-Nido, Samuel N Markowitz
Reading is the most frequent clinical complaint and the primary goal for patients with macular degeneration seeking vision rehabilitation. The current prevalent methods for reading skills training across the globe are still magnification and basic scotoma awareness training. More recent studies showed that specific eccentric training, comprehension ability training, and specific oculomotor training are all beneficial to reading skills rehabilitation. In clinical practice, ophthalmologists should strive to implement reading skills methods that include assessment of cognitive skills, optimal eyewear, optimal reading material, PRL assessment, training of better oculomotor control, and efficient perceptual training...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424311/how-to-deal-with-uveitis-patients
#13
P Yang, L Du, Z Ye
During the past nine years, our center has grown into the largest uveitis referral center in China. To deal with this increasing stream of patients we have developed a management system to coordinate communication with our patients, their referring ophthalmologists, consultations with other medical specialties and world-renowned foreign uveitis specialists. Tools have been developed to deal with patient records, which include a patient database allowing continuous analysis of clinical features and response to treatment of patients with various uveitis entities as well as the evaluation of the relevance of various ancillary tests performed in this patient group...
February 7, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423897/the-role-of-diet-in-glaucoma-a-review-of-the-current-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Adi M Al Owaifeer, Abdulaziz A Al Taisan
Intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction by medications, laser, or surgery remains the mainstay of treatment in glaucoma. However, the role of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in glaucoma has received great interest from both patients and ophthalmologists. Previous evidence suggests that diet, a major domain of CAM, can influence an individual's IOP level. Furthermore, certain dietary components have been linked to the incidence and progression of glaucoma. In this review, we aim to provide a summary of the current evidence regarding the role of obesity, certain dietary components, and dietary supplements in glaucoma...
February 8, 2018: Ophthalmology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422756/assessment-of-annual-diabetic-eye-examination-using-telemedicine-technology-among-underserved-patients-in-primary-care-setting
#15
Elham Hatef, Miriam Alexander, Bruce G Vanderver, Peter Fagan, Michael Albert
CONTEXT: Digital retinal imaging with the application of telemedicine technology shows promising results for screening of diabetic retinopathy in the primary care setting without requiring an ophthalmologist on site. AIMS: We assessed whether the establishment of telemedicine technology was an effective and efficient way to increase completion of annual eye examinations among underserved, low-income (Medicaid) diabetic patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study in a primary care setting...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422094/patient-s-experiences-with-the-care-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-across-europe
#16
E H Pieter van Dijkhuizen, Tsipi Egert, Yona Egert, Wendy Costello, Casper Schoemaker, Marlous Fernhout, Mirjam Kepic, Alberto Martini, Silvia Scala, Ingrid Rotstein-Grein, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Nico M Wulffraat
BACKGROUND: To assess the views of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and their parents on the care and treatment they receive in referral pediatric rheumatology centers throughout Europe. METHODS: In a collaboration between physicians and patient associations, a questionnaire was developed, covering various domains of JIA care, including demographics, diagnosis, referrals to various health care professionals, access to pain and fatigue management and support groups, information they received about the disease and awareness of and participation in research...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419907/granulomatous-tattoo-reaction-with-associated-uveitis-successfully-treated-with-methotrexate
#17
K I Maijer, S A S van der Bent, W Vercoutere, T Rustemeyer
Few reports describe tattoo granulomas with the simultaneous development of intraocular inflammation without any evidence of systemic sarcoidosis at the time of presentation. Here, we present a patient with no prior diagnosis of sarcoidosis who developed inflammation of tattooed skin and shortly after bilateral uveitis.A 52-year-old previously healthy woman presented with a 8 months history of swelling and itching located in all of her 11 black tattoos. Approximately 5 months later she developed complaints of blurred vision, diagnosed as recurrent uveitis anterior by an ophthalmologist...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419553/malpractice-litigation-in-cornea-and-refractive-surgery-a-review-of-the-westlaw-database
#18
Stephanie B Engelhard, Christopher T Shah, Austin J Sim, Ashvini K Reddy
PURPOSE: To report and analyze the causes and outcomes of malpractice litigation in cornea and refractive surgery. METHODS: The WestLaw database was reviewed for all malpractice litigation related to ophthalmology in the United States between 1930 and 2014. Search terms included ophthalmology or ophthalmologist and malpractice anywhere in the retrieved results. All cases involving cornea and refractive surgery were included in this analysis, and results were compared with ophthalmology as a whole...
February 6, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415753/recurrent-anterior-uveitis-and-subsequent-incidence-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-nationwide-cohort-study-from-2002-to-2013
#19
Baek-Lok Oh, Jeong Seok Lee, Eun Young Lee, Hee Young Lee, Hyeong Gon Yu
BACKGROUND: Anterior uveitis is the most common extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). AS-related anterior uveitis frequently presents as acute, recurrent iridocyclitis; therefore, AS is often initially suspected by an ophthalmologist, not by a rheumatologist. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the recurrence of anterior uveitis and the subsequent incidence of AS. METHODS: From a national sample cohort, 10,483 patients with new-onset uveitis between 2004 and 2013 and 52415 matched control subjects who had never experienced uveitis were selected...
February 7, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411487/technique-postoperative-complications-and-visual-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-21-penguins-27-eyes-2011-2015
#20
Melanie L Church, Daniel R Priehs, Heidi Denis, Lara Croft, Stacy DiRocco, Michelle Davis
OBJECTIVE: To describe surgical technique, postoperative complications, and visual outcome in penguins after phacoemulsification lens extraction surgery. ANIMALS STUDIED: Twenty-one penguins (27 eyes) that had phacoemulsification from 2011 to 2015 at Animal Eye Associates. Species included are as follows: 14 southern Rockhopper (18 eyes, 66.6%), 4 Gentoo (4 eyes, 19%), 2 King (3 eyes, 9.5%), and 1 Chinstrap penguin (2 eyes, 4.8%). Eleven of the penguins were females, and 10 were males with average age at the time of surgery being 27...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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