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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730240/a-16-year-retrospective-study-of-dacryocystitis-in-adult-patients-in-the-moldavia-region-romania
#1
Claudia Florida Costea, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Gabriela Dimitriu, Mădălina Adriana Chihaia, Lucia Indrei, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Andrei Cucu, Alexandru Cărăuleanu, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu, Irina Iuliana Costache
PURPOSE: Chronic dacryocystitis (CD) is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct with a long-standing evolution. The aims of this study were to analyze the epidemiology and to evaluate the histopathological features and the chronic inflammation score (CIS) system of chronic dacryocystitis in the region of Moldavia, Romania, over a period of 16 years. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive analysis of all pathological reports of chronic dacryocystitis from the Department of Pathology, "Prof...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728059/iterative-variational-mode-decomposition-based-automated-detection-of-glaucoma-using-fundus-images
#2
Shishir Maheshwari, Ram Bilas Pachori, Vivek Kanhangad, Sulatha V Bhandary, U Rajendra Acharya
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of permanent vision loss. It is an ocular disorder caused by increased fluid pressure within the eye. The clinical methods available for the diagnosis of glaucoma require skilled supervision. They are manual, time consuming, and out of reach of common people. Hence, there is a need for an automated glaucoma diagnosis system for mass screening. In this paper, we present a novel method for an automated diagnosis of glaucoma using digital fundus images. Variational mode decomposition (VMD) method is used in an iterative manner for image decomposition...
June 19, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723845/lean-six-sigma-techniques-to-improve-ophthalmology-clinic-efficiency
#3
Thomas A Ciulla, Mohan V Tatikonda, Yehya A ElMaraghi, Rehan M Hussain, Amanda L Hill, Julie M Clary, Eyas Hattab
PURPOSE: Ophthalmologists serve an increasing volume of a growing elderly population undergoing increasingly complex outpatient medical care, including extensive diagnostic testing and treatment. The resulting prolonged patient visit times ("patient flow times") limit quality, patient and employee satisfaction, and represent waste. Lean Six Sigma process improvement was used in a vitreoretinal practice to decrease patient flow time, demonstrating that this approach can yield significant improvement in health care...
July 18, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722309/long-term-outcomes-after-acute-primary-angle-closure-of-caucasian-chronic-angle-closure-glaucoma-cacg-patients
#4
Antonio Maria Fea, Laura Dallorto, Carlo Lavia, Giulia Pignata, Teresa Rolle, Tin Aung
IMPORTANCE: There is a lack of information about long term results of chronic angle closure glaucoma (CACG) following an acute primary angle closure (APAC) in Caucasian patients PURPOSE: To report morphological and functional long-term data of CACG eyes following a monolateral APAC attack and to provide a comparison with their fellow eyes DESIGN: Observational retrospective case series (Clinica Oculistica Universitaria, Ospedale Oftalmico, Turin) PARTICIPANTS: 57 consecutive patients (114 eyes) underwent long term follow-up analysis...
July 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721118/ophthalmoscopy-simulation-advances-in-training-and-practice-for-medical-students-and-young-ophthalmologists
#5
REVIEW
Lucas Holderegger Ricci, Caroline Amaral Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: To describe and appraise the latest simulation models for direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy as a learning tool in the medical field. METHODS: The present review was conducted using four national and international databases - PubMed, Scielo, Medline and Cochrane. Initial set of articles was screened based on title and abstracts, followed by full text analysis. It comprises of articles that were published in the past fifteen years (2002-2017). RESULTS: Eighty-three articles concerning simulation models for medical education were found in national and international databases, with only a few describing important aspects of ophthalmoscopy training and current application of simulation in medical education...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716289/devic-s-disease-before-devic-on-the-contribution-of-friedrich-albin-schanz-1863-1923
#6
S Jarius, B Wildemann
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic's disease) is an autoimmune disorder of the CNS that mainly affects the optic nerves and spinal cord and, if not treated, can leave patients blind and wheelchair-bound. NMO was long considered a clinical variant of multiple sclerosis (MS). While the history of MS has been studied extensively, relatively little is known about the early history of NMO. A dissertation written by Fernand Gault (1873-1936), a doctoral student to Eugène Devic (1858-1930), a Lyon-based neurologist after whom the disease would later be named, is considered by many the first review of NMO...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715582/iris-freckles-a-potential-biomarker-for-chronic-sun-damage
#7
Christoph Schwab, Christoph Mayer, Iris Zalaudek, Regina Riedl, Markus Richtig, Werner Wackernagel, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Georg Richtig, Gerald Langmann, Lisa Tarmann, Andreas Wedrich, Erika Richtig
Purpose: To investigate the role of sunlight exposure in iris freckles formation. Methods: We prospectively examined volunteers attending a skin cancer screening program conducted by ophthalmologists and dermatologists. Frequency and topographical variability of iris freckles were noted and associated with behavioral and dermatologic characteristics indicating high sun exposure. Results: Six hundred thirty-two participants (n = 360; 57% female) were examined...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715527/screening-criteria-for-ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-virus-infection
#8
Andrea A Zin, Irena Tsui, Julia Rossetto, Zilton Vasconcelos, Kristina Adachi, Stephanie Valderramos, Umme-Aiman Halai, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone, Sheila Moura Pone, Joel Carlos Barros Silveira Filho, Mitsue S Aibe, Ana Carolina C da Costa, Olivia A Zin, Rubens Belfort, Patricia Brasil, Karin Nielsen-Saines, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira
Importance: Current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations for infants with microcephaly or laboratory-confirmed Zika virus infection but not for all infants potentially exposed to Zika virus in utero. Objective: To evaluate eye findings in a cohort of infants whose mothers had polymerase chain reaction-confirmed Zika virus infection during pregnancy. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this descriptive case series performed from January 2 through October 30, 2016, infants were examined from birth to 1 year of age by a multidisciplinary medical team, including a pediatric ophthalmologist, from Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Ministry of Health referral center for high-risk pregnancies and infectious diseases in children in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714237/effects-of-intracameral-ascorbic-acid-on-the-corneal-endothelium-of-dogs-undergoing-phacoemulsification
#9
Ivan R M Padua, Gisele P Valdetaro, Tiago B Lima, Karina K Kobashigawa, Paloma E S Silva, Marcela Aldrovani, Pedro P M Padua, Jose L Laus
OBJECTIVE: Cataracts are the most common ocular disorder in dogs. Phacoemulsification is the preferred treatment method among ophthalmologists, but the cellularity of the endothelium must be considered for its success, as endothelial lesions may produce permanent corneal decompensation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of intracameral ascorbic acid, a known antioxidant, on the corneal endothelium of dogs undergoing phacoemulsification. ANIMAL STUDIED: In all, 40 eyes from 20 dogs, males and females from 7 to 12 years of age, were assessed for mature cataracts...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714087/clinical-and-pathological-classification-of-canine-intraocular-lymphoma
#10
Matthew R Lanza, Ayla R Musciano, Richard D Dubielzig, Amy C Durham
The objectives of this retrospective study of 100 dogs with intraocular lymphoma were to describe the histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features of canine intraocular lymphoma, determine the proportion of cases with presumed solitary ocular lymphoma (PSOL) compared to multicentric disease, and assess the clinical outcomes of these patients. Selected cases from Penn Vet Diagnostic Laboratory and Comparative Ocular Pathology Lab of Wisconsin (2004-2015) were evaluated and subtyped using the WHO classification system...
July 17, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710686/-ophthalmological-assessment-in-the-severely-handicapped-persons-act-and-in-blindness-statement-of-the-professional-association-of-ophthalmologists-germany-the-german-ophthalmological-society-processed-by-the-joint-commission-on-law-status-january-2017
#11
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710216/lag-time-for-retinoblastoma-in-the-uk-revisited-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
Marcus Posner, Adil Jaulim, Marina Vasalaki, Khadija Rantell, Mandeep S Sagoo, M Ashwin Reddy
OBJECTIVES: To explore current delays in diagnosis of retinoblastoma (Rb) and effect on outcome with comparison to a study from the 1990s. SETTING: Primary, secondary, tertiary care: majority from South of England. PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective analysis of 93 new referrals of sporadic (non-familial) Rb to a specialist Rb unit in London, UK from January 2006 to February 2014. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: International Intraocular Retinoblastoma Classification, lag times including parental delay and healthcare professional delay, patients requiring enucleation and requirement of adjuvant chemotherapy postenucleation (high-risk Rb)...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706737/the-prevalence-of-visual-acuity-impairment-among-school-children-at-arada-subcity-primary-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#13
Haile Fentahun Darge, Getahun Shibru, Abiy Mulugeta, Yinebeb Mezgebu Dagnachew
BACKGROUND: Visual impairment and blindness are major public health problems in developing countries where there is no enough health-care service. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of visual impairment among school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted between 15 June 2015 and 30 November 2015 at Arada subcity primary schools, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Two schools were selected randomly, and 378 students were screened from grades 1 to 8 using systematic random sampling method...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699927/short-term-outcomes-after-intravitreal-injections-of-conbercept-versus-ranibizumab-for-the-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#14
Enzhong Jin, Hong Yin, Xiaoxin Li, Mingwei Zhao
PURPOSE: Intravitreal injection of conbercept (IVC) is the latest applied treatment that could be used in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) patients. The structural outcomes and recurrence of ROP among patients treated with IVC or intravitreal injection of ranibizumab (IVR) were compared. METHODS: A consecutive case series of ROP treated with IVC or IVR were retrospectively studied. The primary outcome was treatment success defined as regression of plus disease. The secondary outcomes were recurrence of plus, times of injection, and the final regression of disease...
July 7, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698690/equine-recurrent-uveitis-in-western-canadian-prairie-provinces-a-retrospective-study-2002-2015
#15
Lynne S Sandmeyer, Bianca S Bauer, Cindy Xin Feng, Bruce H Grahn
The objectives of this study were to determine the demographics of horses with equine recurrent uveitis (ERU) presenting to the Western College of Veterinary Medicine and to describe and compare the prognosis of ERU in the Appaloosa with that in other breeds. Horses diagnosed with ERU by a veterinary ophthalmologist between 2002 and 2015 were included. Eye lesions were classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on clinical manifestations. Breed, age, severity, blindness, and final outcome were evaluated...
July 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696955/pediatric-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-is-there-a-right-treatment
#16
Sepideh T Rousta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article highlights the importance of recognizing blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) in children and reviews the clinical characteristics and current therapeutic modalities. RECENT FINDINGS: The mainstay of BKC treatment remains controlling the meibomian gland inflammation and treating cobormid conditions. BKC can occur in the setting of ocular rosacea and Demodex infestation. Small studies have shown treatment benefits of topical cyclosporine A as well as oral azithromycin in pediatric BKC...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694455/asymptomatic-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-a-middle-aged-population-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#17
Alexander Chen, Hung-Ta Chen, Hung-Chi Chen, Yi-Tsun Chen, Yih-Hsiou Hwang, Chi-Chin Sun, Ching-Hsi Hsiao, David Hui-Kang Ma, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai
Managing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors is the key to prevent CVD. This study aimed to prevent CVD by introducing asymptomatic meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), a condition associated with various CVD risk factors, as an early indicator for CVD in middle-aged population. Participants with and without asymptomatic MGD underwent standardized questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory investigations. One ophthalmologist completed the identification and grading of MGD by using slit-lamp biomicroscopy examination on the eyelid margins, meibomian gland orifices, and meibomian gland secretions...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693693/can-fundus-fluorescein-angiography-be-performed-for-diabetic-patients-on-oral-metformin-%C3%A2
#18
Du Junhui, Li Rong
Metformin is a kind of biguanide hypoglycemic agent that has been widely used in patients with diabetes mellitus. In clinical practice, whether metformin should be stopped before Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) remains largely unclear. Some endocrinologists suggest stop metformin before FFA. However, ophthalmologists do not always adopt this opinion in their practice. This situation may lead to disputes between physicians and patients. This article analyzed contrast-induced nephropathy(CIN) and the related contrast agent, as well as the adverse reactions of fluorescein angiography...
June 10, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693613/cascading-training-the-trainers-in-ophthalmology-across-eastern-central-and-southern-africa
#19
Melanie C Corbett, Wanjiku Mathenge, Marcia Zondervan, Nick Astbury
BACKGROUND: The Royal College of Ophthalmologists (RCOphth) and the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern Central and Southern Africa (COECSA) are collaborating to cascade a Training the Trainers (TTT) Programme across the COECSA Region. Within the VISION 2020 Links Programme, it aims to develop a skilled motivated workforce who can deliver high quality eye care. It will train a lead, faculty member and facilitator in 8 countries, who can cascade the programme to local trainers. METHODS: In phase 1 (2013/14) two 3-day courses were run for 16/17 selected delegates, by 3 UK Faculty...
July 10, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691363/glaucoma-australia-educational-impact-study-a-randomized-short-term-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-association-between-glaucoma-education-and-patient-knowledge-anxiety-and-treatment-satisfaction
#20
Simon E Skalicky, Guy D'Mellow, Philip House, Eva Fenwick
IMPORTANCE: Targeted education may impact glaucoma patients' clinical experience. BACKGROUND: To measure the impact of patient-centred glaucoma-related education on knowledge, anxiety and treatment satisfaction. DESIGN: Multicentre Australia-wide randomised clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: 101 newly-diagnosed glaucoma patients randomised 1:1 to intervention or control groups. METHODS: Those randomised to the Glaucoma Australia educational intervention received telephone-based counselling about glaucoma followed by mail out information, in addition to usual care and information from their treating ophthalmologist...
July 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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