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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676306/spectacle-prescription-in-children-understanding-practical-approach-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#1
Sumit Monga, Paaraj Dave
Purpose: The aim of this study is to survey the management approach, regarding spectacle prescription in children, among Indian ophthalmologists. Methods: A web-based, anonymous questionnaire (multiple choice questions dealing with practical aspects of pediatric refraction), was sent to available database of Indian ophthalmologists. The survey responses (depicted in %) were compared using the amount of pediatric clientele in one's practice (Group A: <25%, Group B: 25% or more)...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676302/keratoprosthesis-current-global-scenario-and-a-broad-indian-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal, Deepti Talele, Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi, Sripriya Krishnamurthy, Lingam Vijaya, Nirmala Subramanian, Shanmugasundaram Somasundaram
Keratoprosthesis (Kpro) forms the last resort for bilateral end-stage corneal blindness. The Boston Type 1 and 2 Kpros, the modified osteo-odonto Kpro and the osteo-Kpro are the more frequently and commonly performed Kpros, and this review attempts to compile the current data available on these Kpros worldwide from large single-center studies and compare the indications and outcomes with Kpros in the Indian scenario. Although the indications have significantly expanded over the years and the complications have reduced with modifications in design and postoperative regimen, these are procedures that require an exclusive setup, and a commitment toward long-term follow-up and post-Kpro care...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675279/bilateral-diffuse-and-cluster-pigment-epithelial-detachment-associated-with-diffuse-proliferative-glomerulonephritis
#3
Heshmatollah Ghanbari, Alireza Dehghani, Mohsen Pourazizi
Retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED) is an area of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) elevation with minimal or no sensory retinal detachment resulting from the accumulation of sub-RPE fluid. There are many etiological factors that lead to the development of PED. PED may be observed as an isolated finding or in association with ocular and systemic conditions. In this case we report a 23-year-old male with bilateral cluster PED associated with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis (DPGN). The importance of current report is that development of PED and DPGN is more than a simple incidental event...
2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672190/recovery-of-a-disinserted-medial-rectus-muscle-after-pterygium-surgery
#4
Prapatsorn Patikulsila, Atitaya Apivatthakakul, Kasem Seresirikachorn
PURPOSE: To report a case of recovery of a medial rectus which was accidentally disinserted after surgical treatment of a recurrent pterygium. METHOD: Report of a case of inadvertent medial rectus disinsertion after pterygium excision at a secondary care hospital which was referred to a tertiary care hospital in Northern Thailand. RESULT: A 40-year-old healthy woman was referred by a general ophthalmologist at a secondary care center to our hospital...
April 19, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671668/pediatric-primary-calcific-band-keratopathy-with-or-without-glaucoma-from-biallelic-slc4a4-mutations
#5
Arif O Khan, Omar S Basamh
Biallelic mutations in the gene SLC4A4 (Solute Carrier Family 4 Member 4) cause protean manifestations in children that include proximal retinal tubular acidosis, developmental delay, band keratopathy, and glaucoma. A unique SLC4A4 mutation causes an ocular-only phenotype. In this retrospective case series, we highlight our experience with children referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist who were found to harbor underlying biallelic SLC4A4 mutations.
April 19, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668967/reducing-blindness-from-retinopathy-of-prematurity-rop-in-argentina-through-collaboration-advocacy-and-policy-implementation
#6
Luxme Hariharan, Clare E Gilbert, Graham E Quinn, Frances K Barg, Celia Lomuto, Ana Quiroga, Joan McLeod-Omawale, Andrea Zin, Zulma Ortiz, Ernesto Alda, Liliana Bouzas, Marina Brussa, Adriana Cattaino, Alejandro Dinerstein, Norma Erpen, Adriana Fandiño, Lidia Galina, Julio Manzitti, Silvia Marinaro, Teresa Sepúlveda, Patricia Visintín, Juan Carlos Silva, Cynthia Magluta, Alicia Benitez
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a largely avoidable cause of blindness in children worldwide, requiring high-quality neonatal care, early detection and treatment. In middle-income countries throughout Latin America, Eastern Europe and South Asia, there has been a rise in ROP blindness due to a combination of increased survival of preterm infants, resource-scarce medical environments and lack of policies, training and human resources. However, Argentina is an example of country where rates of ROP blindness have declined and ROP programmes have been successfully and effectively embedded within the health and legal system...
April 16, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661163/characteristics-of-keratoconic-patients-at-two-main-eye-centres-in-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yousef Shanti, Ithar Beshtawi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Ahlam Abu-Samra, Areen Abu-Qamar, Reem Barakat, Reham Shehada
BACKGROUND: Keratoconus (KC) is a multifactorial, degenerative ectatic condition of the cornea. It usually manifests during late adolescence or the early twenties. A painless disease, KC may end with severe visual loss. The prevalence of KC in middle-eastern countries is much higher than in other regions of the world. This may be due to genetic and environmental risk factors and consanguinity. The goal of this study is to explore the demographic profile of Palestinian keratoconic patients...
April 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660392/prevalence-of-uncorrected-refractive-errors-among-school-age-children-in-the-school-district-of-philadelphia
#8
Eileen L Mayro, Lisa A Hark, Eric Shiuey, Michael Pond, Linda Siam, Tamara Hill-Bennett, Judie Tran, Nitasha Khanna, Marlee Silverstein, James Donaghy, Tingting Zhan, Ann P Murchison, Alex V Levin
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and severity of uncorrected refractive errors in school-age children attending Philadelphia public schools. METHODS: The Wills Eye Vision Screening Program for Children is a community-based pediatric vision screening program designed to detect and correct refractive errors and refer those with nonrefractive eye diseases for examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Between January 2014 and June 2016 the program screened 18,974 children in grades K-5 in Philadelphia public schools...
April 13, 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657981/acceptability-and-use-of-glaucoma-virtual-clinics-in-the-uk-a-national-survey-of-clinical-leads
#9
Patrick J G Gunn, Joanne R Marks, Leon Au, Heather Waterman, Paul G D Spry, Robert A Harper
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the findings of a national survey that aimed to estimate the proportion of Hospital Eye Service (HES) units using glaucoma virtual clinics, to determine how these services differ and to gauge clinicians' views and opinions on the safety and acceptability of this model of care compared with usual care. Methods and analysis: This 12-question survey was disseminated nationally to 92 clinical lead consultant ophthalmologists using SurveyMonkey...
2018: BMJ Open Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657980/clinical-safety-of-a-minor-eye-conditions-scheme-in-england-delivered-by-community-optometrists
#10
Evgenia Konstantakopoulou, Robert A Harper, David F Edgar, Genevieve Larkin, Sarah Janikoun, John G Lawrenson
Objective: The aim of this study was to monitor the activity and evaluate the clinical safety of a minor eye conditions scheme (MECS) conducted by accredited community optometrists in Lambeth and Lewisham, London. Methods and analysis: Optometrists underwent an accredited training programme, including attendance at hospital eye services (HES) clinics. Patients who satisfied certain inclusion criteria were referred to accredited MECS optometrists by their general practitioners (GPs) or could self-refer...
2018: BMJ Open Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651547/-prevalence-of-wearing-glasses-for-children-and-adolescents-in-germany-and-their-ophthalmological-care-results-of-the-nationwide-kiggs-baseline-survey-2003-2006
#11
Alexander K Schuster, Heike M Elflein, Alexander Rommel, Laura Krause, Norbert Pfeiffer, Michael S Urschitz
BACKGROUND: Vision-relevant refractive errors in children require regular ophthalmological control examinations. In this study we estimated the prevalence of wearing glasses for children and adolescents in Germany and the frequency of ophthalmological care. METHODS: We analyzed data of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, baseline survey 2003-2006, N = 17,640). Wearing glasses was documented from the age of 3 years in the examination part...
April 12, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649310/administration-of-oral-fluoroquinolone-and-the-risk-of-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-korea
#12
Seung Yong Choi, Hyun-A Lim, Hyeon Woo Yim, Young-Hoon Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between oral fluoroquinolones (FQ) and the risk of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using a nationwide population-based study in Korea, designed to control for time-related bias. METHODS: As a nested case-control study within a cohort, the KNHIS-NSC 2002-2013 (Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort) data used for the investigation. The subjects who visited an ophthalmologist were included in a cohort...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643830/accuracy-and-feasibility-of-an-android-based-digital-assessment-tool-for-post-stroke-visual-disorders-the-strokevision-app
#13
Terence J Quinn, Iain Livingstone, Alexander Weir, Robert Shaw, Andrew Breckenridge, Christine McAlpine, Claire M Tarbert
Background: Visual impairment affects up to 70% of stroke survivors. We designed an app (StrokeVision) to facilitate screening for common post stroke visual issues (acuity, visual fields, and visual inattention). We sought to describe the test time, feasibility, acceptability, and accuracy of our app-based digital visual assessments against (a) current methods used for bedside screening and (b) gold standard measures. Methods: Patients were prospectively recruited from acute stroke settings...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643785/periorbital-necrobiotic-xanthogranuloma-successfully-treated-with-intravenous-immunoglobulin
#14
Rose M Olson, Andrew R Harrison, Amanda Maltry, Ali Mokhtarzadeh
Background: Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma (NXG) is a rare non-Langerhans histiocytosis with cutaneous manifestations, most commonly of the periorbital skin, and is often associated with hematologic disorders such as monoclonal gammopathy. Treatment of NXG is notoriously difficult, and fraught with recurrence and progression. Case Presentation: The authors describe a case of NXG with periorbital involvement in a patient with a complex autoimmune and hematologic medical history...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643662/retinoblastoma-in-an-adult
#15
Vasudha Garg, Ashumi Gupta, Sonam K Pruthi, Pratima Khare
Retinoblastoma is a rare malignant tumor of the retina usually seen in children before 5 years of age. The tumor is extremely rare in adults. We report here an unusual case of retinoblastoma in a 55-year-old adult female who presented to us with an orbital mass at a late stage of the disease. Detailed laboratory investigations and imaging studies could not make a precise diagnosis. The treating ophthalmologist suspected primary intraocular tumor, metastatic carcinoma, malignant melanoma, or lymphoma and referred the patient for fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)...
April 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625141/optimal-cutoff-values-of-fasting-plasma-glucose-fpg-variability-for-detecting-retinopathy-and-the-threshold-of-fpg-levels-for-predicting-the-risk-of-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study-over-27-years
#16
Toshiko Takao, Kaori Inoue, Machi Suka, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa, Yasuhiko Iwamoto
AIMS: To determine the cutoff values of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) variability for detecting retinopathy and examine the threshold of FPG levels for predicting retinopathy incidence in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Subjects comprised 170 patients with type 2 diabetes who had no retinopathy at their first visit, and continuously visited thereafter for 27 years. Retinopathy was evaluated by ophthalmologists at least annually. RESULTS: 114 patients developed retinopathy...
April 3, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623588/recurrent-non-functioning-pituitary-adenomas-a-review-on-the-new-pathological-classification-management-guidelines-and-treatment-options
#17
REVIEW
P D Delgado-López, J Pi-Barrio, M T Dueñas-Polo, M Pascual-Llorente, M C Gordón-Bolaños
At least 50% of surgically resected non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA) recur. Either early or late adjuvant radiotherapy is highly efficacious in controlling recurrent NFPA but associates potentially burdensome complications like hypopituitarism, vascular complications or secondary neoplasm. Reoperation is indicated in bulky tumor rests compressing the optic pathway. To date, no standardized medical therapy is available for recurrent NFPA although cabergoline and temozolomide show promising results. Guidelines on the management of recurrent NFPAs are now available...
April 5, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623430/relationship-between-serum-apolipoproteins-levels-and-retinopathy-risk-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Qianjin Zhang, Jine Hu, Yichuan Hu, Ying Ding, Jingjing Zhu, Changjiang Zhuang
AIMS: Prognostic significance of apolipoproteins in diabetic retinopathy risk has not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to reveal the relationship between the risk of diabetic retinopathy and the levels of several apolipoproteins and their ratios in a 10-year prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 1023 diabetic patients without retinopathy were selected from a 10-year hospital-based diabetic cohort. In this cohort, all subjects had type 2 diabetes...
April 5, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621309/diabetic-retinopathy-screening-in-incident-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-germany-between-2004-and-2013-a-prospective-cohort-study-based-on-health-claims-data
#19
Daniel Kreft, Myra B McGuinness, Gabriele Doblhammer, Robert P Finger
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening uptake following a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 diabetes) in Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nationally representative prospective sample of individual-level health claims data for 250,000 members from Germany's largest public insurance provider in 2004-2013 was assessed. In the sample, 26,560 persons with incident type 2 diabetes were identified. Factors associated with subsequent DR screening were assessed using descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier estimator, and Cox regression analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619388/the-effect-of-an-eye-health-promotion-program-on-the-health-protective-behaviors-of-primary-school-students
#20
Nukhet Kirag, Ayla Bayik Temel
INTRODUCTION: Undiagnosed and uncorrected refractive errors in childhood can negatively affect the development of vision and cause students to have low academic success and even quit school before graduation. This study aims to determine the effects of an eye health promotion program on the health protective behaviors of primary school students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This experimental study using a pretest-posttest design with a control group was conducted in three public primary schools in Aydın, a city in the Western Anatolia Region of Turkey, between April and November 2014...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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