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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926143/recurrence-of-iga-nephropathy-after-kidney-transplantation-in-steroid-continuation-versus-early-steroid-withdrawal-regimens-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-unos-optn-database
#1
Napat Leeaphorn, Neetika Garg, Eliyahu V Khankin, Francesca Cardarelli, Martha Pavlakis
In the past 20 years, there has been an increase in use of steroid-withdrawal regimens in kidney transplantation. However, steroid withdrawal may be associated with an increased risk of recurrent IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Using UNOS/OPTN data, we analyzed adult patients with ESRD due to IgAN who received their first kidney transplant between 2000 and 2014. For the primary outcome, we used a competing risk analysis to compare the cumulative incidence of graft loss due to IgAN recurrence between early steroid-withdrawal (ESW) and steroid continuation groups...
September 19, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754421/the-effect-of-visual-focus-on-spatio-temporal-and-kinematic-parameters-of-treadmill-running
#2
Ángel G Lucas-Cuevas, Jose I Priego Quesada, Josh Gooding, Martin G C Lewis, Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Pedro Perez-Soriano
The characteristics of a treadmill and the environment where it is based could influence the user's gaze and have an effect on their running kinematics and lower limb impacts. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of visual focus on spatio-temporal parameters and lower limb kinematics during treadmill running. Twenty six experienced runners ran at 3.33ms(-1) on a treadmill under two visual conditions, either looking ahead at a wall or looking down at the treadmill visual display. Spatio-temporal parameters, impact accelerations of the head and tibia, and knee and ankle kinematics were measured for the final 15s of a 90s bout of running under each condition...
July 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744970/evaluation-of-a-professional-development-training-programme-for-mental-health-clinicians-specializing-in-early-psychosis
#3
Craig Macneil, Frances Foster, Amanda Nicoll, Helen Osman, Richard Monfries, Sue Cotton
The Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centre Statewide Services (ESW) team provides training for multidisciplinary clinicians that specialise in early psychosis across the State of Victoria, Australia. The aim of this paper is to describe the 4-phase approach utilised by ESW to prepare for and deliver workshops, to report on participants' ratings of the ESW workshops, and to make recommendations for other trainers of early psychosis clinicians. Between March 2009 and September 2014, ESW provided 85 training workshops that had a strong focus on evidence-based approaches and international guidelines, and utilized clinical examples of early psychosis interventions...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737841/the-effect-of-sucrose-addition-at-dosage-stage-on-the-foam-attributes-of-a-bottle-fermented-english-sparkling-wine
#4
Mark Crumpton, Christopher J Rice, Andrew Atkinson, Geoff Taylor, Matteo Marangon
BACKGROUND: Approximately two-thirds of wine produced in the UK is bottle-fermented sparkling wine. Effervescence and foamability are key features used to assess English Sparkling Wine (ESW) quality. A critical, yet understudied, area of research is the potential for dosage to influence foam behaviour via associated changes in wine viscosity. RESULTS: In this study, dosage treatments of five increasing levels of sucrose (from 0 to 31 g L(-1) ) were added to an ESW...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713101/-extracorporeal-shock-waves-esw-as-an-alternative-treatment-method-for-improving-the-limb-muscles-spasticity-after-cerebral-stroke-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Robert Dymarek, Kuba Ptaszkowski, Lucyna Słupska, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz, Jakub Taradaj, Tomasz Halski, Joanna Rosińczuk
Extracorporeal shock wave (ESW) is a physical factor, of which the clinical use is observed in a wide range of disorders, particularly musculoskeletal dysfunctions. Recently, one can observe that the list of indications for ESW treatment is continuously growing and adapting the increasingly different systemic diseases in terms of etiology and pathomechanism. Nevertheless, it should be remembered that the potential biological mechanisms of ESW stimulation conditioning advantageous and desirable therapeutic effects are not clearly explained...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658046/induction-of-endogenous-neural-stem-cells-by-extracorporeal-shock-waves-after-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Dong-Chul Shin, Kee-Yong Ha, Young-Hoon Kim, Jang-Woon Kim, Yoo-Kyung Cho, Sang-Il Kim
STUDY DESIGN: Animal experimental study OBJECTIVES.: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of extracorporeal shock waves (ESWs) on endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferation after spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Exogenous stem cell transplantation for SCI still has many limitations to be addressed such as ideal cell sources, timing of transplantation, and fate of the transplanted cells. Moreover, the efficacy is another issue due to a peculiar pathologic condition in the chronic phase of SCI...
June 27, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603702/comparison-the-effect-of-extra-corporeal-shockwave-therapy-with-low-dosage-versus-high-dosage-in-treatment-of-the-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis
#7
Parisa Taheri, Masoud Emadi, Jafar Poorghasemian
BACKGROUND: One of the most common reasons of elbow and forearm pain is lateral epicondylitis diagnosed based on clinical examination. The extracorporeal shock wave therapy is applied for less invasive treatments with different dosages. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high- and low-dose ESW in treating the lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was done in Al Zahra medical center on 40 patients who were selected randomly and divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597888/determining-oxidative-stability-of-battery-electrolytes-validity-of-common-electrochemical-stability-window-esw-data-and-alternative-strategies
#8
J Kasnatscheew, B Streipert, S Röser, R Wagner, I Cekic Laskovic, M Winter
Increasing the operation voltage of electrochemical energy storage devices is a viable measure to realize higher specific energies and energy densities. A sufficient oxidative stability of electrolytes is the predominant requirement for successful high voltage applicability. The common method to investigate oxidative stability of LIB electrolytes is related to determination of the electrochemical stability window (ESW), on e.g. Pt or LiMn2O4 electrodes. However, the transferability of the obtained results to practical systems is questionable for several reasons...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381634/negative-co2-emissions-via-enhanced-silicate-weathering-in-coastal-environments
#9
REVIEW
Filip J R Meysman, Francesc Montserrat
Negative emission technologies (NETs) target the removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, and are being actively investigated as a strategy to limit global warming to within the 1.5-2°C targets of the 2015 UN climate agreement. Enhanced silicate weathering (ESW) proposes to exploit the natural process of mineral weathering for the removal of CO2 from the atmosphere. Here, we discuss the potential of applying ESW in coastal environments as a climate change mitigation option. By deliberately introducing fast-weathering silicate minerals onto coastal sediments, alkalinity is released into the overlying waters, thus creating a coastal CO2 sink...
April 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343703/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-environmental-cleaning-among-environmental-service-workers-in-chinese-hospitals
#10
Kaiwen Ni, Bingbing Chen, Hui Jin, Qingxin Kong, Xiaoping Ni, Hong Xu
We conducted a study using a face-to-face survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of environmental service workers (ESWs) concerning routine cleaning and disinfection at 3 tertiary hospitals in China. There were 115 (89.1%) respondents who agreed that environmental cleaning can contribute to keep patients safe, whereas 63 (48.8%) reported they were very willing to make cleaning practices better. Only 15 (11.6%) ESWs agreed they were in risk of nosocomial infections during daily cleaning. Our findings suggest that the level of ESWs' knowledge regarding cleaning practices was passable, but the awareness of occupational safety and health was weak...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272494/an-innovative-approach-for-enhancing-bone-defect-healing-using-plga-scaffolds-seeded-with-extracorporeal-shock-wave-treated-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-bmscs
#11
Youbin Chen, Jiankun Xu, Zhonglian Huang, Menglei Yu, Yuantao Zhang, Hongjiang Chen, Zebin Ma, Haojie Liao, Jun Hu
Although great efforts are being made using growth factors and gene therapy, the repair of bone defects remains a major challenge in modern medicine that has resulted in an increased burden on both healthcare and the economy. Emerging tissue engineering techniques that use of combination of biodegradable poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and mesenchymal stem cells have shed light on improving bone defect healing; however, additional growth factors are also required with these methods. Therefore, the development of novel and cost-effective approaches is of great importance...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160590/is-it-possible-to-change-of-the-duration-of-consolidation-period-in-the-distraction-osteogenesis-with-the-repetition-of-extracorporeal-shock-waves
#12
M-E Onger, C Bereket, I Sener, N Ozkan, E Senel, A-V Polat
BACKGROUND: In this study we examined the effects of two different repeated Extracorporeal Shock Waves (ESW) on the consolidation period of the distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the rabbit mandible using stereological, radiological and immunohistochemical methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DO was performed unilaterally in the mandible of 18 New Zealand rabbits (six months old, weighing between 2.5-3 kg). In the consolidation period, rabbits were divided into three groups randomly after the distraction period...
March 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073178/polyclonal-and-monoclonal-antibodies-for-induction-therapy-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#13
REVIEW
Penny Hill, Nicholas B Cross, A Nicholas R Barnett, Suetonia C Palmer, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Prolonging kidney transplant survival is an important clinical priority. Induction immunosuppression with antibody therapy is recommended at transplantation and non-depleting interleukin-2 receptor monoclonal antibodies (IL2Ra) are considered first line. It is suggested that recipients at high risk of rejection should receive lymphocyte-depleting antibodies but the relative benefits and harms of the available agents are uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to: evaluate the relative and absolute effects of different antibody preparations (except IL2Ra) when used as induction therapy in kidney transplant recipients; determine how the benefits and adverse events vary for each antibody preparation; determine how the benefits and harms vary for different formulations of antibody preparation; and determine whether the benefits and harms vary in specific subgroups of recipients (e...
January 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934513/assessing-the-surface-area-of-porous-solids-limitations-probe-molecules-and-methods
#14
Martijn F de Lange, Li-Chiang Lin, Jorge Gascon, Thijs J H Vlugt, Freek Kapteijn
In this modeling study, the uses of nitrogen (77.3 K), probe molecule of choice for decades, and argon, opted as alternative in the 2015 IUPAC report on adsorptive characterization, as probe molecules for geometric surface area determination are compared. Graphene sheets possessing slit-shaped pores with varying size (width) are chosen as model porous solids, and different methods for the determination of specific surface areas are investigated. The BET method, which is the most commonly applied analysis, is compared to the Langmuir and relatively recently proposed ESW (excess sorption work) method...
December 6, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888534/early-steroid-withdrawal-results-in-improved-patient-and-graft-survival-and-lower-risk-of-post-transplant-cardiovascular-risk-profiles-a-single-center-10-year-experience
#15
Reynold I Lopez-Soler, Ryan Chan, Jessica Martinolich, Lisa Park, Ashar Ata, Nikolaos Chandolias, David J Conti
Long-term use of steroids results in predictable secondary effects that can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. In this study, we present 10 years worth of data of early steroid withdrawal (ESW) immunosuppression consisting of mycophenolate, sirolimus, and tacrolimus. From 2003 to 2013, 563 kidney transplant recipients were weaned off steroids prior to discharge. We compared outcomes with that of our 65 historical controls maintained on steroids. We analyzed graft and patient survival and determined the incidence of steroid-related comorbidities such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and weight gain...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723374/comparison-of-clinical-efficacy-among-endoscopy-assisted-radio-frequency-ablation-extracorporeal-shockwaves-and-eccentric-exercises-in-treatment-of-insertional-achilles-tendinosis
#16
Min Wei, Yujie Liu, Zhongli Li, Zhigang Wang
BACKGROUND: We sought to compare clinical efficacy among endoscopy-assisted radio-frequency ablation under local anesthesia, extracorporeal shockwaves (ESWs), and eccentric exercises in treating insertional Achilles tendinosis. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 78 patients diagnosed as having unilateral insertional Achilles tendinosis were enrolled. These participants underwent endoscopy-assisted radio-frequency ablation, ESWs, and eccentric calf muscle exercises between March 1, 2006, and February 28, 2011...
October 10, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679772/self-worth-and-psychological-adjustment-of-obese-children-an-analysis-through-the-draw-a-person
#17
Giuseppe Scimeca, Amelia Alborghetti, Antonio Bruno, Giulia Maria Troili, Gianluca Pandolfo, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello, Rocco Antonio Zoccali
AIM: To investigate psychopathological correlates of child obesity via the Draw-A-Person test (DAP). METHODS: The participants were 50 children with a mean age of 9.74 years. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure of body fat. Children were divided into normal (n = 17), overweight (n = 14) and obese (n = 19). Two qualitative methods of scoring the DAP based on an integrative approach were used to assess self-concept (ESW) and overall level of children's adjustment (EAC)...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619896/understanding-barriers-to-optimal-cleaning-and-disinfection-in-hospitals-a-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-survey-of-environmental-services-workers
#18
Daniel A Bernstein, Elizabeth Salsgiver, Matthew S Simon, William Greendyke, Daniel P Eiras, Masahiro Ito, Dean A Caruso, Timothy M Woodward, Odette T Perriel, Lisa Saiman, E Yoko Furuya, David P Calfee
In this study, we used an online survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to environmental cleaning and other infection prevention strategies among environmental services workers (ESWs) at 5 hospitals. Our findings suggest that ESWs could benefit from additional education and feedback as well as new strategies to address workflow challenges. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;1492-1495.
December 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589545/extensive-use-of-vasodilator-agents-and-functional-echocardiography-to-monitor-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-in-japan
#19
M Miyata, K Toyoshima, H Yoda, M Murase, H Kawato, K Yamamoto, K Tanaka, M Kotani, M Kobayashi
National surveys were conducted in Japan to assess the current practices for circulatory management of extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBWIs) in acute phases. Approximately 80 and 100 institutions were surveyed in 2006 and 2011, respectively. Echocardiography was identified as an important diagnostic tool at 95% of the surveyed institutions. Furthermore, 74% of the institutions survey in 2011 used vasodilator agents. In 2011, the mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (mVcfc) and left ventricular end-systolic wall stress (ESWS) were used by 60% of the surveyed institutions to evaluate the relationship between afterload of the left ventricle and left ventricular contractility...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515217/prostaglandin-e2-and-connexin-43-crosstalk-in-the-osteogenesis-induced-by-extracorporeal-shockwave
#20
Youbin Chen, Jiankun Xu, Haojie Liao, Zebin Ma, Yuantao Zhang, Hongjiang Chen, Zhonglian Huang, Jun Hu
As a type of mechanical stimulation, extracorporeal shockwave (ESW) has been widely used in the clinic to treat bone fracture delayed union and non-unions. A large number of studies have shown beneficial effects of ESW in promoting fracture healing by inducing bone regeneration; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. ESW has been shown to induce the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which is essential for gap junction intercellular communication in response to mechanical stress. Among the 19 known gap junction subunits, connexin43 (Cx43) is the most prevalent for mediating the response of mechanical stress...
September 2016: Medical Hypotheses
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