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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923266/brief-practical-screeners-in-english-and-spanish-for-acute-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children
#1
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Meghan L Marsac
With millions of children experiencing acute traumatic events, validated screening tools are needed in both research and service contexts. We aimed to identify and evaluate short forms of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children in English (ASC-Kids) and Spanish (Cuestionario de Estrés Agudo-Niños [CEA-N]), using data from 4 samples (Ns of 254, 225, 176, and 80) of children with recent acute trauma. Confirmatory factor analyses of the full checklist in the largest sample guided item selection for 6-item and 3-item short forms...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922904/utilization-of-quantitative-eeg-trends-for-critical-care-continuous-eeg-monitoring-a-survey-of-neurophysiologists
#2
Christa B Swisher, Saurabh R Sinha
PURPOSE: Quantitative EEG (QEEG) can be used to assist with review of large amounts of data generated by critical care continuous EEG monitoring. This study aimed to identify current practices regarding the use of QEEG in critical care continuous EEG monitoring of critical care patients. METHODS: An online survey was sent to 796 members of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS), instructing only neurophysiologists to participate. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 75 neurophysiologists that use QEEG in their practice...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#3
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922781/community-nurse-s-knowledge-confidence-and-experience-of-the-mental-capacity-act-in-practice
#4
Helen Marshall, Sally Sprung
The Mental Capacity Act (MCA) is statutory legislation introduced in 2007 to protect and empower people to make decisions for themselves and those who were deemed as unable to make choices would have decisions made on their behalf, often by health professionals. All health professionals must follow the guiding principles of this legislation. Yet a scrutiny report by the House of Lords concluded this legislation was under-used with a lack of knowledge among professionals regarding applying the legislation in practice...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922516/advances-in-endoscope-reprocessing-technology-and-its-impact-on-pathogen-transmission
#5
Cathleen Shellnutt
Pathogen transmissions via flexible endoscopes have been documented in the literature and have been historically related to human error or omission of steps in the reprocessing cycle. The 2008 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report challenged manufacturers of automated endoscope reprocessors to improve and advance technology to automate more of the reprocessing steps. A review and synthesis of the literature following the 2008 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report was performed to evaluate whether advances in reprocessing technology have occurred and whether these have had an impact on pathogen transmission via flexible endoscopes...
November 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922178/lessons-from-the-homeless-civil-and-uncivil-interactions-with-nurses-self-care-behaviors-and-barriers-to-care
#6
Wendy M Woith, Cindy Kerber, Kim S Astroth, Sheryl H Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Civility, rooted in social justice, is a fundamental value of nursing. Homeless people are particularly at risk for experiencing uncivil behavior from nurses. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore homeless people's perceptions of their interactions with nurses. METHOD: In this descriptive, qualitative study, we interviewed 15 homeless adults who described their experiences with nurses. The interview guide, developed by the researchers, consisted of open-ended questions and probes...
December 6, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921197/counselees-perspectives-of-genomic-counseling-following-online-receipt-of-multiple-actionable-complex-disease-and-pharmacogenomic-results-a-qualitative-research-study
#7
Kevin Sweet, Shelly Hovick, Amy C Sturm, Tara Schmidlen, Erynn Gordon, Barbara Bernhardt, Lisa Wawak, Karen Wernke, Joseph McElroy, Laura Scheinfeldt, Amanda E Toland, J S Roberts, Michael Christman
Genomic applications raise multiple challenges including the optimization of genomic counseling (GC) services as part of the results delivery process. More information on patients' motivations, preferences, and informational needs are essential to guide the development of new, more efficient practice delivery models that capitalize on the existing strengths of a limited genetic counseling workforce. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with a subset of counselees from the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative following online receipt of multiple personalized genomic test reports...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920959/recommended-practices-for-individual-supervision-of-aspiring-behavior-analysts
#8
Tyra P Sellers, Amber L Valentino, Linda A LeBlanc
Practicing behavior analysts and behavior analysts in academic settings often provide supervision for young professionals who are pursuing certification as a behavior analyst. Effective supervision is critical to the quality of ongoing behavioral services, the professional development of the supervisee, the continued growth of the supervisor, and the overall development of our field and its practice. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board recently instituted several new requirements including training in supervisory practices prior to supervising those who are accruing hours toward the experience requirement for certification...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920582/surgeons-early-experience-with-the-acessa%C3%A2-procedure-gaining-proficiency-with-new-technology
#9
Kelli M Braun, Mark Sheridan, Erin Z Latif, Lexy Regush, Anet Maksymowicz, Laura Weins, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Nerissa Tyson, Marilyn J Davidson, Barry H Sanders
PURPOSE: Successful adoption of a new surgical procedure varies among practicing surgeons, and skill acquisition depends on the surgeon's innate ability, the complexity of the technique, and training. We report intraoperative and near-term postoperative outcomes from the Acessa procedure conducted by minimally invasive gynecologic surgeons new to Acessa, and report the surgeons' experiences during the training period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was designed as a postmarket, prospective, single-arm, multicenter analysis of operative and early postoperative outcomes after proctored surgical training with the Acessa device and procedure (laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation of symptomatic fibroids) in premenopausal, menstruating women as conducted in community and university hospitals in the USA and Canada...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919875/the-layered-learning-practice-model-lessons-learned-from-implementation
#10
Nicole R Pinelli, Stephen F Eckel, Maihan B Vu, Morris Weinberger, Mary T Roth
PURPOSE: Pharmacists' views about the implementation, benefits, and attributes of a layered learning practice model (LLPM) were examined. METHODS: Eligible and willing attending pharmacists at the same institution that had implemented an LLPM completed an individual, 90-minute, face-to-face interview using a structured interview guide developed by the interdisciplinary study team. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim without personal identifiers...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919057/principles-of-precision-medicine-in-stroke
#11
REVIEW
Jason D Hinman, Natalia S Rost, Thomas W Leung, Joan Montaner, Keith W Muir, Scott Brown, Juan F Arenillas, Edward Feldmann, David S Liebeskind
The era of precision medicine has arrived and conveys tremendous potential, particularly for stroke neurology. The diagnosis of stroke, its underlying aetiology, theranostic strategies, recurrence risk and path to recovery are populated by a series of highly individualised questions. Moreover, the phenotypic complexity of a clinical diagnosis of stroke makes a simple genetic risk assessment only partially informative on an individual basis. The guiding principles of precision medicine in stroke underscore the need to identify, value, organise and analyse the multitude of variables obtained from each individual to generate a precise approach to optimise cerebrovascular health...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918839/clinical-utility-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-cytomegalovirus-viral-loads-in-the-diagnosis-of-cytomegalovirus-pneumonitis-in-infants
#12
Kerusha Govender, Prakash Jeena, Raveen Parboosing
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality of children in Africa. The current practice for diagnosing CMV pneumonitis in this setting is based on interpretation of clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings. There is a need for a sensitive and specific laboratory test to objectively distinguish between patients with CMV pneumonitis and those with CMV infection, and non-CMV pneumonia. In this study, we compared plasma and non-bronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (NBBAL) CMV viral loads in patients with CMV pneumonitis and those with CMV infection and non-CMV pneumonia...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918772/energy-based-facial-rejuvenation-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Christopher J Britt, Benjamin Marcus
Importance: The market for nonsurgical, energy-based facial rejuvenation techniques has increased exponentially since lasers were first used for skin rejuvenation in 1983. Advances in this area have led to a wide range of products that require the modern facial plastic surgeon to have a large repertoire of knowledge. Objective: To serve as a guide for current trends in the development of technology, applications, and outcomes of laser and laser-related technology over the past 5 years...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918686/utility-of-surveillance-research-to-inform-physical-activity-policy-an-exemplar-from-canada
#14
Cora L Craig, Christine A Cameron, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: There are several well-known risk factor monitoring systems, but few examples of comprehensive surveillance systems designed specifically to inform physical activity (PA) policy. This paper examines the utility of Canada`s Physical Activity and Sport Monitoring System in guiding policy and practice. METHODS: Indicators were determined in conjunction with government, non-governmental associations and academics. Serial measures were collected from representative population (telephone interviews, n=4,000-11,000) and setting-based (postal surveys, n=1,425-4,304) surveys...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918649/big-data-from-small-samples-informatics-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-cytopathology
#15
REVIEW
Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri, Somak Roy, Sara E Monaco, Mark J Routbort, Liron Pantanowitz
The rapid adoption of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in clinical molecular laboratories has redefined the practice of cytopathology. Instead of simply being used as a diagnostic tool, cytopathology has evolved into a practice providing important genomic information that guides clinical management. The recent emphasis on maximizing limited-volume cytology samples for ancillary molecular studies, including NGS, requires cytopathologists not only to be more involved in specimen collection and processing techniques but also to be aware of downstream testing and informatics issues...
December 5, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918353/removal-and-repositioning-of-intracorneal-ring-segments-improving-corneal-topography-and-clinical-outcomes-in-keratoconus-and-ectasia
#16
Kahei Chan, Peter S Hersh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of removal and relocation of intracorneal ring segments for improving outcomes in treatment of keratoconus and corneal ectasia. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series conducted at a cornea and refractive surgery subspecialty practice setting. Patients with previous insertion of 2 intracorneal ring segments underwent surgical removal and repositioning of segments because of unsatisfactory visual and topographic outcomes. The principal outcomes included uncorrected and corrected visual acuities, manifest refraction, topography-derived maximum keratometry (Kmax), inferior-superior topography power difference (I - S), and higher-order aberration profile derived from wavefront analysis...
December 1, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918178/a-practical-guide-to-big-data-research-in-psychology
#17
Eric Evan Chen, Sean P Wojcik
The massive volume of data that now covers a wide variety of human behaviors offers researchers in psychology an unprecedented opportunity to conduct innovative theory- and data-driven field research. This article is a practical guide to conducting big data research, covering data management, acquisition, processing, and analytics (including key supervised and unsupervised learning data mining methods). It is accompanied by walkthrough tutorials on data acquisition, text analysis with latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and classification with support vector machines...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917944/arbitrary-quantum-state-engineering-in-three-state-systems-via-counterdiabatic-driving
#18
Ye-Hong Chen, Qi-Cheng Wu, Bi-Hua Huang, Jie Song, Yan Xia
A scheme for arbitrary quantum state engineering (QSE) in three-state systems is proposed. Firstly, starting from a set of complete orthogonal time-dependent basis with undetermined coefficients, a time-dependent Hamiltonian is derived via Counterdiabatic driving for the purpose of guiding the system to attain an arbitrary target state at a predefined time. Then, on request of the assumed target states, two single-mode driving protocols and a multi-mode driving protocol are proposed as examples to discuss the validity of the QSE scheme...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917688/congenital-thumb-anomalies-and-the-consequences-for-daily-life-patients-long-term-experience-after-corrective-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#19
I K Carlsson, L B Dahlin, H-E Rosberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore patients' long-term experience of a congenital hand problem, and the consequences for daily life. METHOD: Fifteen participants with a median age 24 years (17-55 years), born with thumb hypoplasia/aplasia or thumb duplication were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Although the mobility and strength in the thumb/hand(s) varied within the group, hand function was generally described as good...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917561/how-staff-nurses-perceive-the-impact-of-nurse-managers-leadership-style-in-terms-of-job-satisfaction-a-mixed-method-study
#20
Giuliana Morsiani, Annamaria Bagnasco, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To describe staff nurses' perceptions related to the leadership styles adopted by their nurse managers, identify which leadership style ensured job satisfaction in staff nurses and describe which behaviours nurse managers should change. BACKGROUND: Empirical literature suggests that leadership styles of nurse managers significantly influence staff satisfaction. However, few studies investigate how staff nurses perceive the leadership styles of their nurse managers, and how these impact upon the staff nurses' job satisfaction...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
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