keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Updated guide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916843/towards-a-framework-for-reporting-self-guided-interventions-for-people-with-cancer
#1
Anna Ugalde, Nicole Kiss, Patricia Livingston, Sanchia Aranda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an updated review exploring the recent developments in the field of self-guided interventions and describe the state of knowledge. This article builds on a previous systematic review on self-guided interventions, finding that the recent literature demonstrates that evidence for these interventions is mixed. The field is limited by descriptions of these interventions, and it is not possible to ascertain what aspects of interventions are more successful...
June 18, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916790/neural-integration-in-body-perception
#2
Richard Ramsey
The perception of other people is instrumental in guiding social interactions. For example, the appearance of the human body cues a wide range of inferences regarding sex, age, health, and personality, as well as emotional state and intentions, which influence social behavior. To date, most neuroscience research on body perception has aimed to characterize the functional contribution of segregated patches of cortex in the ventral visual stream. In light of the growing prominence of network architectures in neuroscience, the current article reviews neuroimaging studies that measure functional integration between different brain regions during body perception...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912933/assessing-the-multi-scale-predictive-ability-of-ecosystem-functional-attributes-for-species-distribution-modelling
#3
Salvador Arenas-Castro, João Gonçalves, Paulo Alves, Domingo Alcaraz-Segura, João P Honrado
Global environmental changes are rapidly affecting species' distributions and habitat suitability worldwide, requiring a continuous update of biodiversity status to support effective decisions on conservation policy and management. In this regard, satellite-derived Ecosystem Functional Attributes (EFAs) offer a more integrative and quicker evaluation of ecosystem responses to environmental drivers and changes than climate and structural or compositional landscape attributes. Thus, EFAs may hold advantages as predictors in Species Distribution Models (SDMs) and for implementing multi-scale species monitoring programs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912251/-microorganisms-isolated-from-blood-cultures-in-children-with-cancer-and-high-risk-febrile-neutropenia-from-five-hospitals-in-santiago-chile-2012-2015
#4
M Eliana Maldonado, Mirta Acuña, Ana M Álvarez, Carmen L Avilés, Verónica de la Maza, Carmen Salgado, Juan Tordecilla, Mónica Varas, Marcela Venegas, Milena Villarroel, Marcela Zubieta, M Elena Santolaya
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms isolated from blood cultures (BC) in patients with febrile neutropenia (NF) vary over time, requiring systematic monitoring to guide appropriate empirical therapy. AIM: To identify microorganisms isolated from BC and their antimicrobial resistance profile in children with cancer and high risk NF. METHOD: Prospective, multicenter study. The analysis included episodes of high-risk FN with positive BC in children under 18 years of age treated in five hospitals in Santiago, Chile, 2012-2015...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908393/an-update-on-adolescent-sleep-new-evidence-informing-the-perfect-storm-model
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie J Crowley, Amy R Wolfson, Leila Tarokh, Mary A Carskadon
The maturation of sleep regulatory systems during adolescence in combination with psychosocial and societal pressures culminate in a "Perfect Storm" of short and ill-timed sleep and the associated consequences for many youngsters. This model, first described by Carskadon in 2011, guides our current thinking of adolescent sleep behavior. Since the original description, the field has moved forward with remarkable pace, and this review aims to summarize recent progress and describe how this new work informs our understanding of sleep regulation and sleep behavior during this developmental time frame...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905759/biomarker-assessment-of-the-cbcsg006-trial-a-randomized-phase-iii-trial-of-cisplatin-plus-gemcitabine-compared-with-paclitaxel-plus-gemcitabine-as-first-line-therapy-for-patients-with-metastatic-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#6
J Zhang, Y Lin, X J Sun, B Y Wang, Z H Wang, J F Luo, L P Wang, S Zhang, J Cao, Z H Tao, J Wu, Z M Shao, W T Yang, X C Hu
Background: CBCSG006 trial reported the superior efficacy of cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GP) regimen than paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (GT) regimen as first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC). This study focused on the updated survival data and the explorations of potential biomarkers for efficacy. Patients and methods: Germ-line mutations of homologous recombination (HR) panel, BRCA1/2 included, were evaluated in 55.9% (132/236) patients...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904438/the-use-of-serum-procalcitonin-as-a-diagnostic-and-prognostic-biomarker-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-a-literature-review-update
#7
REVIEW
Nikolaos-Dimitrios Pantzaris, Diamantina-Xanthi Spilioti, Aikaterini Psaromyalou, Ioanna Koniari, Dimitrios Velissaris
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) are a major complication in COPD patients which can be triggered by bacterial or viral infections, environmental pollutants and other causes. Procalcitonin (PCT), a peptide that markedly increases in cases of bacterial infection, has been extensively investigated as a biomarker in the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment in patients with AECOPD. A number of studies published in the last decade, tried to investigate whether PCT levels can differentiate between bacterial and other causes of exacerbations, if they can be used as a guide for optimal antibiotic therapy and if they can be a tool in the assessment of the severity and the need for further interventions in the management of those patients...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898931/breast-reconstruction-updated-overview-for-primary-care-physicians
#8
REVIEW
Ron B Somogyi, Natalia Ziolkowski, Fahima Osman, Alexandra Ginty, Mitchell Brown
OBJECTIVE: To offer primary care providers a comprehensive summary of breast reconstruction options and complications. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: A literature search was conducted in PubMed with no time restriction using the search terms breast reconstruction, summary, review, complications, and options. Levels of evidence range from I to III. MAIN MESSAGE: As breast cancer survival rates increase, the focus of breast cancer management must shift to include the restoration of a patient's quality of life after cancer...
June 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897332/orbital-frontal-cortex-updates-state-induced-value-change-for-decision-making
#9
Emily T Baltz, Ege A Yalcinbas, Rafael Renteria, Christina M Gremel
Recent hypotheses have posited that orbital frontal cortex (OFC) is important for using inferred consequences to guide behavior. Less clear is OFC's contribution to goal-directed or model-based behavior, where the decision to act is controlled by previous experience with the consequence or outcome. Investigating OFC's role in learning about changed outcomes separate from decision-making is not trivial and often the two are confounded. Here we adapted an incentive learning task to mice, where we investigated processes controlling experience-based outcome updating independent from inferred action control...
June 13, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893224/measuring-performance-on-the-healthcare-access-and-quality-index-for-195-countries-and-territories-and-selected-subnational-locations-a-systematic-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A key component of achieving universal health coverage is ensuring that all populations have access to quality health care. Examining where gains have occurred or progress has faltered across and within countries is crucial to guiding decisions and strategies for future improvement. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) to assess personal health-care access and quality with the Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) Index for 195 countries and territories, as well as subnational locations in seven countries, from 1990 to 2016...
June 2, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891124/retention-of-cricothyrotomy-skills-by-paramedics-using-a-wire-guided-technique
#11
J A March, M J Kiemeney, J De Guzman, J D Ferguson
INTRODUCTION: Cricothyrotomy may be necessary for airway management when a patient's airway cannot be maintained through standard techniques such as oral airway placement, blind insertion airway device, or endotracheal intubation. Wire-guided cricothyrotomy is one of many techniques used to perform a cricothyrotomy. Although there is some controversy over which cricothyrotomy technique is superior, there is no published data regarding long term retention rates. The purpose of this study is to determine whether ground based paramedics can be taught and are able to retain the skills necessary to successfully perform a wire-guided cricothyrotomy...
May 31, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889581/glycaemic-index-glycaemic-load-and-dietary-fibre-characteristics-of-two-commercially-available-fruit-smoothies
#12
Georgios Saltaouras, Patricia K Shaw, Ann C Fraser, Chris Hawes, Harry Smith, Louisa Handley, Helen Whitby, Sangeetha P Thondre, Helen J Lightowler
In light of the updated Eatwell Guide and the corresponding change in the consumption of fruit smoothies, the aim of this study was to measure the glycaemic index and load of two commercial fruit smoothies and to investigate the retention of dietary fibre following production. In vitro analysis was performed to identify fibre material (cellulose and pectins) using calcofluor staining and immunocytochemical labelling. A repeated measures cross-over study was conducted (n 10) to determine the glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) of the smoothies...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886717/updates-on-prevention-of-hemorrhagic-and-lacunar-strokes
#13
Hsin-Hsi Tsai, Jong S Kim, Eric Jouvent, M Edip Gurol
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and lacunar infarction (LI) are the major acute clinical manifestations of cerebral small vessel diseases (cSVDs). Hypertensive small vessel disease, cerebral amyloid angiopathy, and hereditary causes, such as Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), constitute the three common cSVD categories. Diagnosing the underlying vascular pathology in these patients is important because the risk and types of recurrent strokes show significant differences...
May 2018: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881999/level-of-evidence-in-wrist-ligament-repair-and-reconstruction-research-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Jonny K Andersson, Bo Rööser, Jón Karlsson
There have been numerous studies on surgery of wrist ligament injuries, but a quick assessment reveals few with a high level of evidence (LoE). The primary aim of this study was to categorize the study type and LoE of studies on repair and reconstruction of the scapholunate ligament, the lunotriquetral ligament and the triangular fibrocartilage complex by applying the LoE rating system proposed by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. The secondary aims were to evaluate the journal- and geographic- distribution of the included studies...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873743/reporting-recommendations-for-tumor-marker-prognostic-studies-remark-an-abridged-explanation-and-elaboration
#15
Willi Sauerbrei, Sheila E Taube, Lisa M McShane, Margaret M Cavenagh, Douglas G Altman
The Reporting Recommendations for Tumor Marker Prognostic Studies (REMARK) were developed to address widespread deficiencies in the reporting of such studies. The REMARK checklist consists of 20 items to report for published tumor marker prognostic studies. A detailed paper was published explaining the rationale behind checklist items, providing positive examples and giving empirical evidence of the quality of reporting. REMARK provides a comprehensive overview to educate on good reporting and provide a valuable reference for the many issues to consider when designing, conducting, and analyzing tumor marker studies and prognostic studies in medicine in general...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868894/eliminating-inappropriate-telemetry-monitoring-an-evidence-based-implementation-guide
#16
Raymond Y Yeow, Garth W Strohbehn, Calvin M Kagan, Christopher M Petrilli, Jamuna K Krishnan, Karli Edholm, L Scott Sussman, Jaime F Blanck, Remus I Popa, Amit K Pahwa
In-hospital continuous electrocardiographic monitoring, commonly referred to as telemetry, has allowed for rapid recognition of life-threatening conditions, including complex arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia. However, inappropriate use can lead to unnecessary downstream testing from "false alarms," which in turn affects clinician efficiency and increases health care costs without benefiting patients. For these reasons, the Society of Hospital Medicine's Choosing Wisely campaign recommended use of a protocol-driven discontinuation of telemetry...
June 4, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868542/a-pragmatic-approach-to-guide-implementation-evaluation-research-strategy-mapping-for-complex-interventions
#17
Alexis K Huynh, Alison B Hamilton, Melissa M Farmer, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Tannaz Moin, Erin P Finley
Introduction: Greater specification of implementation strategies is a challenge for implementation science, but there is little guidance for delineating the use of multiple strategies involved in complex interventions. The Cardiovascular (CV) Toolkit project entails implementation of a toolkit designed to reduce CV risk by increasing women's engagement in appropriate services. The CV Toolkit project follows an enhanced version of Replicating Effective Programs (REP), an evidence-based implementation strategy, to implement the CV Toolkit across four phases: pre-conditions, pre-implementation, implementation, and maintenance and evolution...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866144/standardised-data-reporting-from-pre-hospital-advanced-airway-management-a-nominal-group-technique-update-of-the-utstein-style-airway-template
#18
G A Sunde, A Kottmann, J K Heltne, M Sandberg, M Gellerfors, A Krüger, D Lockey, S J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital advanced airway management with oxygenation and ventilation may be vital for managing critically ill or injured patients. To improve pre-hospital critical care and develop evidence-based guidelines, research on standardised high-quality data is important. We aimed to identify which airway data were most important to report today and to revise and update a previously reported Utstein-style airway management dataset. METHODS: We recruited sixteen international experts in pre-hospital airway management from Australia, United States of America, and Europe...
June 4, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864548/the-healing-and-empowering-alaskan-lives-toward-healthy-hearts-healthh-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-for-tobacco-use-and-other-cardiovascular-risk-behaviors-for-alaska-native-people
#19
Judith J Prochaska, Anna Epperson, Jordan Skan, Marily Oppezzo, Paul Barnett, Kevin Delucchi, Matthew Schnellbaecher, Neal L Benowitz
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases disproportionately affect Alaska Native (AN) people. Using telemedicine, this study aims to identify culturally-tailored, theoretically-driven, efficacious interventions for tobacco use and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk behaviors among AN people in remote areas. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention arms: 1) tobacco and physical activity; 2) medication adherence and a heart-healthy AN diet...
June 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864527/bioinformatics-based-tools-in-drug-discovery-the-cartography-from-single-gene-to-integrative-biological-networks
#20
REVIEW
Pritika Ramharack, Mahmoud E S Soliman
Originally developed for the analysis of biological sequences, bioinformatics has advanced into one of the most widely recognized domains in the scientific community. Despite this technological evolution, there is still an urgent need for nontoxic and efficient drugs. The onus now falls on the 'omics domain to meet this need by implementing bioinformatics techniques that will allow for the introduction of pioneering approaches in the rational drug design process. Here, we categorize an updated list of informatics tools and explore the capabilities of integrative bioinformatics in disease control...
June 1, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
keyword
keyword
117836
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"