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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637330/occurrence-of-aminoglycoside-modifying-enzymes-ames-among-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-exhibiting-high-levels-of-aminoglycoside-resistance-isolated-from-korean-cattle-farms
#1
Kuastros Mekonnen Belaynehe, Seung Won Shin, Park Hong-Tae, Han Sang Yoo
This study investigated 247 Escherichia coli isolates collected from four cattle farms to characterize aminoglycoside-modifying enzyme (AME) genes, their plasmid replicons and transferability. Out of 247 isolates a high number of isolates (total 202; 81.78%) were found resistant to various antibiotics by disc-diffusion. Of the 247 strains 139 (56.3%) were resistant to streptomycin and other antibiotics resistance followed as tetracycline (12.15%), ampicillin (7%), chloramphenicol (5.7%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (0...
June 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637225/characteristics-of-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-broiler-chickens-with-colibacillosis-in-commercial-farms-from-a-common-hatchery
#2
H Ozaki, Y Matsuoka, E Nakagawa, T Murase
To investigate the epidemiologic aspects of colibacillosis in broiler chickens, 83 Escherichia coli isolates obtained from the pericarditis and perihepatitis lesions in broiler chickens from 4 commercial farms, 5 isolates recovered from 5 samples of yolk sac contents that were pooled from 25 emaciated chicks, and 4 fecal isolates obtained from a hatchery that supplied chicks to the 4 commercial farms mentioned above were genetically and bacteriologically characterized. Using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), a total of 92 isolates were classified into 33 pulsotypes...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637199/first-ex-vivo-and-preliminary-sheep-model-results-of-the-new-tribio-aortic-valve-bioprosthesis-in-small-aortic-annuli
#3
Sina Stock, Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Doreen Richardt, Michael Scharfschwerdt
OBJECTIVES: : Small aortic annuli are challenging in aortic valve replacement. Prosthesis-patient mismatch, accompanied by high transvalvular gradients and small orifice area, is an often faced problem impairing postoperative outcome. The new TRIBIO bioprosthesis aims to enable enhanced haemodynamics, being increasingly important with decreasing annular size. This study compares ex vivo hydrodynamics of TRIBIO with 2 established bioprostheses in small annuli at different stroke volumes, simulating 'rest' and 'exercise', and evaluates haemodynamics of TRIBIO in a sheep model...
June 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637003/structural-recognition-of-tubulysin-b-derivatives-by-multidrug-resistance-efflux-transporters-in-human-cancer-cells
#4
Michal Stark, Yehuda G Assaraf
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major hindrance to curative chemotherapy of various human malignancies. Hence, novel chemotherapeutics must be evaluated for their recognition by MDR efflux transporters. Herein we explored the cytotoxic activity of synthetic tubulysin B (Tub-B, EC1009) derivatives (Tub-B-hydrazide/EC0347 and Tub-B bis-ether/EC1820), and their recognition by the MDR efflux transporters P-glycoprotein 1 (P-gp), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)...
June 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636679/towards-the-analysis-of-attosecond-dynamics-in-complex-systems
#5
C-Z Gao, P M Dinh, P-G Reinhard, E Suraud
We study from a theoretical perspective the ionization of molecules and clusters induced by irradiation of a combined two-color laser field consisting of a train of attosecond XUV pulses in the presence of an IR field. We use time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) in real time and real space as a theoretical tool. The calculated results are compared to experimental data when available. We also compare TDDFT with results obtained using a time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE), which is well suited to simple systems while TDDFT allows dealing with more complex molecules and clusters...
June 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636666/molecular-and-microbiological-report-of-a-hospital-outbreak-of-ndm-1-carrying-enterobacteriaceae-in-mexico
#6
Paola Bocanegra-Ibarias, Elvira Garza-González, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Humberto Barrios, Licet Villarreal-Treviño, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Ulises Garza-Ramos, Santiago Petersen-Morfin, Jesus Silva-Sanchez
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the microbiological, molecular and epidemiological data of an outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in a tertiary-care hospital in Mexico. METHODS: From September 2014 to July 2015, all CRE clinical isolates recovered during an outbreak in the Hospital Civil "Fray Antonio Alcalde" in Jalisco, Mexico were screened for antimicrobial susceptibility, carbapenemase production, carbapenemase-encoding genes, and plasmid profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636643/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-prevents-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-rat
#7
Koichi Himori, Daisuke Tatebayashi, Keita Kanzaki, Masanobu Wada, Håkan Westerblad, Johanna T Lanner, Takashi Yamada
Skeletal muscle weakness is a prominent feature in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we investigated whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training protects against skeletal muscle dysfunction in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). AIA was produced by intraarticular injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the knees of Wistar rats. For NMES training, dorsiflexor muscles were stimulated via a surface electrode (0.5 ms pulse, 50 Hz, 2 s on/4 s off). NMES training was performed every other day for three weeks and consisted of three sets produced at three min intervals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636623/the-basolateral-vesicle-sorting-machinery-and-basolateral-proteins-are-recruited-to-the-site-of-enteropathogenic-e-coli-microcolony-growth-at-the-apical-membrane
#8
Gitte A Pedersen, Helene H Jensen, Anne-Sofie B Schelde, Charlotte Toft, Hans N Pedersen, Maj Ulrichsen, Frédéric H Login, Manuel R Amieva, Lene N Nejsum
Foodborne Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) infections of the small intestine cause diarrhea especially in children and are a major cause of childhood death in developing countries. EPEC infects the apical membrane of the epithelium of the small intestine by attaching, effacing the microvilli under the bacteria and then forming microcolonies on the cell surface. We first asked the question where on epithelial cells EPEC attaches and grows. Using models of polarized epithelial monolayers, we evaluated the sites of initial EPEC attachment to the apical membrane and found that EPEC preferentially attached over the cell-cell junctions and formed microcolonies preferentially where three cells come together at tricellular tight junctions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636520/radial-artery-occlusion-incidence-predictors-and-long-term-outcome-after-transradial-catheterization-clinico-doppler-ultrasound-based-study-rail-trac-study
#9
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Vikas Mishra, Ramesh Thakur, Amit Goel, Ashutosh Kumar, Avinash Kumar Singh, Mohit Sachan, Chandra Mohan Varma, Vinay Krishna
Background and aim The purpose of this study was to assess incidence, predictors and outcome of radial artery occlusion (RAO) after transradial catheterization (TRC) based on clinical and Doppler ultrasound study. Methods A total of 1,945 consecutive patients undergoing transradial catheterization for diagnostic evaluation or intervention were included. Radial artery examination was based on palpation and colour Doppler study on the day before, 1 day (D1), 1 month (D30) and 6 months (D180) following the procedure...
March 30, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636464/understanding-the-pluses-of-pulses
#10
Jessica Miciak, Fred Bunz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636342/charge-transfer-properties-of-triarylamine-integrated-dimolybdenum-dyads
#11
Lu Chen, Suman Mallick, Ying Ning Tan, Miao Meng, Chun Y Liu
Three quadruply bonded dimolybdenum complexes equipped with a triarylamine pendant, [(DAniF)3Mo2(μ-O2CC6H4N(C6H4CH3)2] (DAniF = N,N'-di(p-anisyl)formamidinate; [OO-ph-N]), [(DAniF)3Mo2(μ-OSCC6H4N(C6H4CH3)2] ([OS-ph-N]), and [(DAniF)3Mo2(μ-S2CC6H4N(C6H4CH3)2] ([SS-ph-N]), have been synthesized and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In electrochemical measurements, the redox couple for the organic amine group becomes irreversible, reflecting the substantially strong electronic interaction between the dimetal center and organic redox site...
June 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636310/sensing-mechanisms-in-the-redox-regulated-2fe-2s-cluster-containing-bacterial-transcriptional-factor-soxr
#12
Kazuo Kobayashi
Bacteria possess molecular biosensors that enable responses to a variety of stressful conditions, including oxidative stress, toxic compounds, and interactions with other organisms, through elaborately coordinated regulation of gene expression. In Escherichia coli and related bacteria, the transcription factor SoxR functions as a sensor of oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO). SoxR protein contains a [2Fe-2S] cluster essential for its transcription-enhancing activity, which is regulated by redox changes in the [2Fe-2S] cluster...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636171/pulsed-food-resources-but-not-forest-cover-determines-lifetime-reproductive-success-in-a-forest-dwelling-rodent
#13
Katrine S Hoset, Alexandre Villers, Ralf Wistbacka, Vesa Selonen
1.The relative contributions of habitat and food availability on fitness may provide evidence for key habitat features needed to safeguard population persistence. However, defining habitat quality for a species can be a complex task, especially if knowledge on the relationship between individual performance and habitat quality is lacking. 2.Here, we determined the relative importance of availability of suitable forest habitat, body mass, and food from masting tree species on female lifetime reproductive success (LRS) of Siberian flying squirrels (Pteromys volans)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635664/adolescent-exposure-to-the-synthetic-cannabinoid-win-55212-2-modifies-cocaine-withdrawal-symptoms-in-adult-mice
#14
María A Aguilar, Juan Carlos Ledesma, Marta Rodríguez-Arias, Carles Penalva, Carmen Manzanedo, José Miñarro, M Carmen Arenas
Chronic cannabinoid consumption is an increasingly common behavior among teenagers and has been shown to cause long-lasting neurobehavioral alterations. Besides, it has been demonstrated that cocaine addiction in adulthood is highly correlated with cannabis abuse during adolescence. Cocaine consumption and subsequent abstinence from it can cause psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis, cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. The aim of the present research was to study the consequences of adolescent exposure to cannabis on the psychiatric-like effects promoted by cocaine withdrawal in adult mice...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635303/increased-pulse-wave-velocity-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-meta-analysis
#15
Peng Wang, Yan-Mei Mao, Chan-Na Zhao, Li-Na Liu, Xiao-Mei Li, Xiang-Pei Li, Hai-Feng Pan
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This study aims to derive a more precise estimation on pulse wave velocity (PWV) level in patients with SLE and related factors. A literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library databases, studies published up to February 28, 2017, in English. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by fixed-effect or random-effect model analysis. Heterogeneity test was performed by the Q statistic and quantified using I(2); publication bias was evaluated using a funnel plot and Egger's linear regression test...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634588/antitumor-effect-of-kml-b-treated-dendritic-cells-via-induction-of-lymphocyte-activation
#16
Jong-Jin Kim, Yun-Ho Hwang, Kyung-Yun Kang, Sung-Ju Lee, Jong-Bae Kim, Jina Choi, Sung-Tae Yee
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins with various biological activities, such as antitumor and immunomodulatory effects. Although lectins have various biological activities, they are still limited by cytotoxicity in normal cells. To overcome this problem, we used the noncytotoxic part of Korean mistletoe lectin B-chain (KML-B) to induce maturation of dendritic cells (DCs). A previous study reported that KML-B induces DC maturation by triggering TLR-4, including expression of costimulatory molecules (CD40, CD80, and CD86), MHC II, and secretion of cytokines in DCs...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634578/neonatal-venous-thromboembolism
#17
REVIEW
Kristina M Haley
Neonates are the pediatric population at highest risk for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and the incidence of VTE in the neonatal population is increasing. This is especially true in the critically ill population. Several large studies indicate that the incidence of neonatal VTE is up almost threefold in the last two decades. Central lines, fluid fluctuations, sepsis, liver dysfunction, and inflammation contribute to the risk profile for VTE development in ill neonates. In addition, the neonatal hemostatic system is different from that of older children and adults...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634499/three-input-gate-logic-circuits-on-chemically-assembled-single-electron-transistors-with-organic-and-inorganic-hybrid-passivation-layers
#18
Yutaka Majima, Guillaume Hackenberger, Yasuo Azuma, Shinya Kano, Kosuke Matsuzaki, Tomofumi Susaki, Masanori Sakamoto, Toshiharu Teranishi
Single-electron transistors (SETs) are sub-10-nm scale electronic devices based on conductive Coulomb islands sandwiched between double-barrier tunneling barriers. Chemically assembled SETs with alkanethiol-protected Au nanoparticles show highly stable Coulomb diamonds and two-input logic operations. The combination of bottom-up and top-down processes used to form the passivation layer is vital for realizing multi-gate chemically assembled SET circuits, as this combination enables us to connect conventional complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technologies via planar processes...
2017: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634410/climate-response-to-the-8-2-ka-event-in-coastal-california
#19
Jessica L Oster, Warren D Sharp, Aaron K Covey, Jansen Gibson, Bruce Rogers, Hari Mix
A fast-growing stalagmite from the central California coast provides a high-resolution record of climatic changes synchronous with global perturbations resulting from the catastrophic drainage of proglacial Lake Agassiz at ca. 8.2 ka. High frequency, large amplitude variations in carbon isotopes during the 8.2 ka event, coupled with pulsed increases in phosphorus concentrations, indicate more frequent or intense winter storms on the California coast. Decreased magnesium-calcium ratios point toward a sustained increase in effective moisture during the event, however the magnitude of change in Mg/Ca suggests this event was not as pronounced on the western North American coast as anomalies seen in the high northern latitudes and monsoon-influenced areas...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634321/a-central-mechanism-enhances-pain-perception-of-noxious-thermal-stimulus-changes
#20
B Petre, P Tetreault, V A Mathur, M W Schurgin, J Y Chiao, L Huang, A V Apkarian
Pain perception temporarily exaggerates abrupt thermal stimulus changes revealing a mechanism for nociceptive temporal contrast enhancement (TCE). Although the mechanism is unknown, a non-linear model with perceptual feedback accurately simulates the phenomenon. Here we test if a mechanism in the central nervous system underlies thermal TCE. Our model successfully predicted an optimal stimulus, incorporating a transient temperature offset (step-up/step-down), with maximal TCE, resulting in psychophysically verified large decrements in pain response ("offset-analgesia"; mean analgesia: 85%, n = 20 subjects)...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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