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Decisional conflict

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327125/facilitating-informed-decisions-about-breast-cancer-screening-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-decision-aid-for-women-in-their-40s
#1
Elena B Elkin, Valerie H Pocus, Alvin I Mushlin, Tessa Cigler, Coral L Atoria, Margaret M Polaneczky
BACKGROUND: Expert groups and national guidelines recommend individualized decision making about screening mammography for women in their 40s at low-to-average risk of breast cancer. We created Breast Screening Decisions (BSD), a personalized, web-based decision aid, to help women decide when to start and how often to have routine screening mammograms. We evaluated BSD in a large, prospective pilot trial of women and their clinicians. METHODS: Women ages 40-49 were invited to use BSD before a scheduled preventive care visit...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327116/a-tailored-online-safety-and-health-intervention-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-the-ican-plan-4-safety-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#2
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Judith Wuest, James Case, Leanne M Currie, Nancy Glass, Marilyn Hodgins, Harriet MacMillan, Nancy Perrin, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) threatens the safety and health of women worldwide. Safety planning is a widely recommended, evidence-based intervention for women experiencing IPV, yet fewer than 1 in 5 Canadian women access safety planning through domestic violence services. Rural, Indigenous, racialized, and immigrant women, those who prioritize their privacy, and/or women who have partners other than men, face unique safety risks and access barriers. Online IPV interventions tailored to the unique features of women's lives, and to maximize choice and control, have potential to reduce access barriers, and improve fit and inclusiveness, maximizing effectiveness of these interventions for diverse groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320368/use-of-a-decision-aid-did-not-decrease-decisional-conflict-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#3
Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Young Ho Shin, Kahyun Kim, Kwan Jae Cho, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Although a model for shared decision-making is important for patient-centered care, decisional conflict can emerge when patients participate in the decision-making. A decision aid is proposed to provide information and to involve patients more comfortably in the decision-making process. We aimed to determine whether a decision aid helps patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) experience less decisional conflict regarding their decision-making for surgery. METHODS: Eighty patients with CTS were randomized into two groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295915/effectiveness-of-a-decision-aid-for-patients-with-depression-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Lilisbeth Perestelo-Perez, Amado Rivero-Santana, Juan Antonio Sanchez-Afonso, Jeanette Perez-Ramos, Carmen Luisa Castellano-Fuentes, Karen Sepucha, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Shared decision making is an important component of patient-centred care and decision aids are tools designed to support patients' decision making and help patients with depression to make informed choices. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to assess the effectiveness of a web-based decision aid for patients with unipolar depression. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults diagnosed with a major depressive disorder and recruited in primary care centres were included and randomized to the decision aid (n=68) or usual care (n=79)...
March 10, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278611/specific-words-and-experience-matter-to-surrogates-when-making-end-of-life-decisions
#5
Dawn E Fairlie
This grant funded preliminary study investigated the relationship between end-of-life terminologies and decisional conflict in surrogate decision makers using a convenience sample of 234 adults aged 50 and older. Participants were randomized into two groups; each received a survey packet that varied only in the use of the words "Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)" and "Allow Natural Death (AND)." The Decisional Conflict Scale (DCS) was administered and demographic data were collected. No difference was found in the total DCS scores based on the AND and DNR versions...
February 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277290/effect-of-a-decision-aid-with-patient-narratives-in-reducing-decisional-conflict-in-choice-for-surgery-among-early-stage-breast-cancer-patients-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Wakako Osaka, Kazuhiro Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of a decision aid (DA) with patient narratives on decisional conflict in surgery choice for Japanese women with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Two hundred ten women with early-stage breast cancer were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group. Groups 1 and 2 received standard information and a DA, with or without patient narratives, and Group 3 received standard information (control) before surgery choice...
September 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274664/psychological-outcomes-in-parents-of-critically-ill-hospitalized-children
#7
Robyn Stremler, Summer Haddad, Eleanor Pullenayegum, Christopher Parshuram
Parents of children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are subjected to significant psychological stress. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms and decisional conflict in parents of children hospitalized in the PICU. The study employed a descriptive, cross-sectional design to investigate the psychological status of 118 parents of 91 children (74 mothers and 44 fathers) admitted to the PICU, using measures of anxiety (STAI), depression (CES-D), and decisional conflict (DCS)...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270129/a-digital-intake-approach-in-specialized-mental-health-care-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Margot J Metz, Iman Elfeddali, David G H Krol, Marjolein A Veerbeek, Edwin de Beurs, Aartjan T F Beekman, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Enhancing patient participation is becoming increasingly important in mental health care as patients use to have a dependent, inactive role and nonadherence to treatment is a regular problem. Research shows promising results of initiatives stimulating patient participation in partnership with their clinicians. However, few initiatives targeting both patients' and clinicians' behaviour have been evaluated in randomised trials (RCT). Therefore, in GGz Breburg, a specialized mental health institution, a digital intake approach was developed aimed at exploring treatment needs, expectations and preferences of patients intended to prepare patients for the intake consultations...
March 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258505/preparing-parents-to-make-an-informed-choice-about-antibiotic-use-for-common-acute-respiratory-infections-in-children-a-randomised-trial-of-brief-decision-aids-in-a-hypothetical-scenario
#9
Peter D Coxeter, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are one of the most common reasons for primary care consultations and for receiving an antibiotic. Public awareness of antibiotic benefit and harms for these conditions is low. To facilitate informed decision making, ideally in collaboration with their doctor, parents need clear communication about benefits and harms. Decision aids may be able to facilitate this process. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three decision aids about antibiotic use for common ARIs in children...
March 4, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243460/a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-decide-intervention-dementia-carers-making-informed-decisions
#10
Kathryn Lord, Gill Livingston, Claudia Cooper
SUMMARY: Family carers report high levels of decisional conflict when deciding whether their relative with dementia can continue to be cared for in their own home. We tested, in a feasibility randomised controlled trial, the first decision aid (the DECIDE manual) aiming to reduce such conflict. Twenty family carers received the DECIDE intervention, and 21 received usual treatment. The intervention group had reduced decisional conflict compared with controls (mean difference -11.96, 95% confidence interval -20...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230397/weighted-integration-suggests-that-visual-and-tactile-signals-provide-independent-estimates-about-duration
#11
Danny M Ball, Derek H Arnold, Kielan Yarrow
Humans might possess either a single (amodal) internal clock or multiple clocks for different sensory modalities. Sensitivity could be improved by the provision of multiple signals. Such improvements can be predicted quantitatively, assuming estimates are combined by summation, a process described as optimal when summation is weighted in accordance with the variance associated with each of the initially independent estimates. This possibility was assessed for visual and tactile information regarding temporal intervals...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228452/does-the-use-of-a-decision-aid-improve-decision-making-in-prosthetic-heart-valve-selection-a-multicenter-randomized-trial
#12
Nelleke M Korteland, Yunus Ahmed, David R Koolbergen, Marjan Brouwer, Frederiek de Heer, Jolanda Kluin, Eline F Bruggemans, Robert J M Klautz, Anne M Stiggelbout, Jeroen J J Bucx, Jolien W Roos-Hesselink, Peter Polak, Thanasie Markou, Inge van den Broek, Rene Ligthart, Ad J J C Bogers, Johanna J M Takkenberg
BACKGROUND: A Dutch online patient decision aid to support prosthetic heart valve selection was recently developed. A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess whether use of the patient decision aid results in optimization of shared decision making in prosthetic heart valve selection. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a 5-center randomized controlled trial, patients were allocated to receive either standard preoperative care (control group) or additional access to the patient decision aid (intervention group)...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199178/response-to-comment-on-decisional-conflict-regret-and-the-burden-of-rational-decision-making
#13
Andrew Vickers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199177/comment-on-decisional-conflict-regret-and-the-burden-of-rational-decision-making
#14
Anita D Misra-Hebert, Michael W Kattan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195020/the-elasticity-of-preferences
#15
Dan Simon, Stephen A Spiller
We explore how preferences for attributes are constructed when people choose between multiattribute options. As found in prior research, we observed that while people make decisions, their preferences for the attributes in question shift to support the emerging choice, thus enabling confident decisions. The novelty of the studies reported here is that participants repeated the same task 6 to 8 weeks later. We found that between tasks, preferences returned to near their original levels, only to shift again to support the second choice, regardless of which choice participants made...
December 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168332/a-rapid-systematic-review-of-outcomes-studies-in-genetic-counseling
#16
REVIEW
Lisa Madlensky, Angela M Trepanier, Deborah Cragun, Barbara Lerner, Kristen M Shannon, Heather Zierhut
As healthcare reimbursement is increasingly tied to value-of-service, it is critical for the genetic counselor (GC) profession to demonstrate the value added by GCs through outcomes research. We conducted a rapid systematic literature review to identify outcomes of genetic counseling. Web of Science (including PubMed) and CINAHL databases were systematically searched to identify articles meeting the following criteria: 1) measures were assessed before and after genetic counseling (pre-post design) or comparisons were made between a GC group vs...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153937/beliefs-and-attitudes-to-bowel-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-ckd-a-semistructured-interview-study
#17
Laura J James, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Angela Ju, Narelle Williams, Wai H Lim, Nicholas Cross, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bowel cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death in people with CKD. Shared decision making regarding cancer screening is particularly complex in CKD and requires an understanding of patients' values and priorities, which remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to describe the beliefs and attitudes to bowel cancer screening in patients with CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face to face, semistructured interviews were conducted from April of 2014 to December of 2015 with 38 participants ages 39-78 years old with CKD stages 3-5, on dialysis, or transplant recipients from four renal units in Australia and New Zealand...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143529/individualized-patient-decision-aid-for-immunosuppressive-drugs-in-women-with-lupus-nephritis-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jasvinder A Singh, Nipam Shah, Candace Green
BACKGROUND: Systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE), also commonly referred to as lupus, is a rare, but sometimes, fatal disease, that primarily affects young women. Lupus nephritis, a common manifestation of lupus, is more common and more devastating in patients of minority race/ethnicity. Patients have negative views of immunosuppressive drugs for lupus nephritis due to a concern about side effects and under-appreciation of its benefit. We designed a study to assess the effectiveness of individualized, computerized patient decision-aid for immunosuppressive drugs for lupus nephritis compared to a standard pamphlet for patient decision-making...
January 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138917/a-review-of-shared-decision-making-and-patient-decision-aids-in-radiation-oncology
#19
REVIEW
Kristina Demas Woodhouse, Katie Tremont, Anil Vachani, Marilyn M Schapira, Neha Vapiwala, Charles B Simone, Abigail T Berman
Cancer treatment decisions are complex and may be challenging for patients, as multiple treatment options can often be reasonably considered. As a result, decisional support tools have been developed to assist patients in the decision-making process. A commonly used intervention to facilitate shared decision-making is a decision aid, which provides evidence-based outcomes information and guides patients towards choosing the treatment option that best aligns with their preferences and values. To ensure high quality, systematic frameworks and standards have been proposed for the development of an optimal aid for decision making...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122849/a-qualitative-study-exploring-why-individuals-opt-out-of-lung-cancer-screening
#20
Lisa Carter-Harris, Susan Brandzel, Karen J Wernli, Joshua A Roth, Diana S M Buist
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer screening with annual low-dose computed tomography is relatively new for long-term smokers in the USA supported by a US Preventive Services Task Force Grade B recommendation. As screening programs are more widely implemented nationally and providers engage patients about lung cancer screening, it is critical to understand behaviour among high-risk smokers who opt out to improve shared decision-making processes for lung cancer screening. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the reasons for screening-eligible patients' decisions to opt out of screening after receiving a provider recommendation...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
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