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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#1
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679793/self-stigma-in-ptsd-prevalence-and-correlates
#2
Kelsey A Bonfils, Paul H Lysaker, Philip T Yanos, Alysia Siegel, Bethany L Leonhardt, Alison V James, Beth Brustuen, Brandi Luedtke, Louanne W Davis
Self-stigma is the internalization of negative societal stereotypes about those with mental illnesses. While self-stigma has been carefully characterized in severe mental disorders, like schizophrenia, the field has yet to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-stigma in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, we assessed self-stigma in veterans diagnosed with PTSD and compared with veterans with schizophrenia. We further examined associations between PTSD, depressive symptoms and self-stigma in the PTSD sample...
April 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679243/factors-associated-with-the-separate-and-concurrent-experiences-of-food-and-housing-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#3
Carmen H Logie, Ying Wang, Natania Marcus, Angela Kaida, Nadia O'Brien, Val Nicholson, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy
People living with HIV are disproportionately affected by food and housing insecurity. We assessed factors associated with experiencing food and/or housing insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in Canada. In our sample of WLHIV (N = 1403) 65% reported an income less than $20,000 per year. Most (78.69%) participants reported food and/or housing insecurity: 27.16% reported experiencing food insecurity alone, 14.26% reported housing insecurity alone, and 37.28% reported experiencing food and housing insecurity concurrently...
April 20, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679153/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recognizing-personal-mental-illness-and-seeking-help-a-prospective-study-among-untreated-persons-with-mental-illness
#4
Georg Schomerus, Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Sven Speerforck, Deborah Janowitz, Sara Evans-Lacko, Holger Muehlan, Silke Schmidt
It is unclear to what extent failure to recognize symptoms as potential sign of a mental illness is impeding service use, and how stigmatizing attitudes interfere with this process. In a prospective study, we followed a community sample of 188 currently untreated persons with mental illness (predominantly depression) over 6 months. We examined how lack of knowledge, prejudice and discrimination impacted on self-identification as having a mental illness, perceived need, intention to seek help, and help-seeking, both with respect to primary care (visiting a general practitioner, GP) and specialist care (seeing a mental health professional, MHP)...
April 20, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678993/qualitative-longitudinal-study-of-episodic-disability-experiences-of-older-women-living-with-hiv-in-ontario-canada
#5
Patricia Solomon, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Lori Letts, Larry Baxter, Nicole Gervais
OBJECTIVES: To examine the episodic disability experiences of older women living with HIV over time. DESIGN: Qualitative longitudinal study, conducting semistructured in-depth interviews on four occasions over a 20-month time frame. Inductive thematic analyses were conducted cross-sectionally and longitudinally. SETTING: Participants were recruited from HIV community organisations in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 10 women aged 50 years or older living with HIV for more than 6 years...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678804/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-treatment-with-telephone-support-for-postpartum-women-with-anxiety-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Miriam T Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane Rw Fisher, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety can have adverse effects on the mother and child if left untreated. Time constraints and stigma are common barriers to postpartum treatment. Web-based treatments offer potential flexibility and anonymity. What Am I Worried About (WaWa) is a self-guided treatment based on cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness principles for women experiencing postpartum anxiety. WaWa was developed in Australia and consists of 9 modules with optional weekly telephone support...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678801/stigma-and-its-association-with-glycemic-control-and-hypoglycemia-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-cross-sectional-study
#7
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Mélanie Henderson, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Patricia Kearns, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Qualitative studies in type 1 diabetes indicate that visibility of diabetes supplies, self-care, and hypoglycemia symptoms are associated with stigma and suboptimal management. This may be particularly salient in youth who face concurrent challenges such as establishing autonomy and making vocational choices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to estimate stigma prevalence in youth (aged 14-24 years) with type 1 diabetes and its associations with glycemic control...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678188/doing-battle-with-the-monster-how-high-risk-heterosexuals-experience-and-successfully-manage-hiv-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-hiv-testing
#8
Marya Gwadz, Noelle R Leonard, Sylvie Honig, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Amanda S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Annual HIV testing is recommended for populations at-risk for HIV in the United States, including heterosexuals geographically connected to urban high-risk areas (HRA) with elevated rates of HIV prevalence and poverty, who are primarily African American/Black or Hispanic. Yet this subpopulation of "individuals residing in HRA" (IR-HRA) evidence low rates of regular HIV testing. HIV stigma is a recognized primary barrier to testing, in part due to its interaction with other stigmatized social identities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676215/being-and-becoming-a-helper-illness-disclosure-and-identity-transformations-among-indigenous-people-living-with-hiv-or-aids-in-saskatoon-saskatchewan
#9
Andrew R Hatala, Kelley Bird-Naytowhow, Tamara Pearl, Jen Peterson, Sugandhi Del Canto, Eddie Rooke, Stryker Calvez, Ryan Meili, Michael Schwandt, Jason Mercredi, Patti Tait
Saskatoon has nearly half of the diagnoses of HIV in Saskatchewan, Canada, with an incidence rate among Indigenous populations within inner-city contexts that is 3 times higher than national rates. Previous research does not adequately explore the relations between HIV vulnerabilities within these contexts and the experiences of illness disclosure that are informed by identity transformations, experiences of stigma, and social support. From an intersectionality framework and a constructivist grounded theory approach, this research involved in-depth, semistructured interviews with 21 Indigenous people living with HIV and/or AIDS in Saskatoon, both male and female...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674749/analysis-of-microrna-reveals-cleistogamous-and-chasmogamous-floret-divergence-in-dimorphic-plant
#10
Fan Wu, Daiyu Zhang, Blaise Pascal Muvunyi, Qi Yan, Yufei Zhang, Zhuanzhuan Yan, Mingshu Cao, Yanrong Wang, Jiyu Zhang
Cleistogenes songorica, a grass species that exhibits two spatially different type of inflorescence, chastogamy (CH), flowers localized at the top, and cleistogamy (CL) flowers embedded in leaf sheath. This study aimed at dissecting reasons underlying these distinct floral development patterns at morphological and microRNA level. Phenotyping for CH and CL was conducted and four small RNA libraries were constructed from the CH and CL flowers for high-throughput sequencing to identify the differentiated miRNAs...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674307/assessing-therapeutic-alliance-in-the-context-of-mhealth-interventions-for-mental-health-problems-development-of-the-mobile-agnew-relationship-measure-marm-questionnaire
#11
Katherine Berry, Amy Salter, Rohan Morris, Susannah James, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions in the form of smartphone apps aim to improve mental health and enable people access to support as and when needed without having to face the stigma they may experience in accessing services. If we are to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) apps and advance scientific understanding, we also need tools to help us understand in what ways mHealth interventions are effective or not. The concept of therapeutic alliance, a measure of the quality of the relationship between a health care provider and a service user, is a key factor in explaining the effects of mental health interventions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673827/menopause-ageing-and-alcohol-use-disorders-in-women
#12
REVIEW
Jelena Milic, Marija Glisic, Trudy Voortman, Laura Pletsch Borba, Eralda Asllanaj, Lyda Z Rojas, Jenna Troup, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Ed van Beeck, Taulant Muka, Oscar H Franco
Alcohol intake affects the female body differently than it affects the male body. This is caused by females' lower levels of dehydrogenase enzymes, the enzyme that breaks down alcohol, coupled with the higher fat/water ratio of the female body. Both these factors cause alcohol levels to rise more quickly after ingestion in women than in men. This makes females more vulnerable to alcohol's harmful effects, and consequently women tend to develop alcohol-related diseases earlier in life than do men. As women age and go through menopause, they experience changes in body composition and life changes like retirement or loss of a loved one...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673268/integration-of-pediatric-behavioral-health-services-in-primary-care-improving-access-and-outcomes-with-collaborative-care
#13
John V Campo, Rose Geist, David J Kolko
OBJECTIVE: To examine collaborative care interventions to integrate pediatric mental health services into primary care as a means of addressing barriers to mental health service delivery, improving access to care, and improving health outcomes. METHOD: Selective review of published literature addressing structural and attitudinal barriers to behavioural health service delivery and the integration of behavioural health services for pediatric mental problems and disorders into primary care settings, with a special focus on Canadian and U...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673229/huberine-a-new-canthin-6-one-alkaloid-from-the-bark-of-picrolemma-huberi
#14
Carlos López, Manuel Pastrana, Alexandra Ríos, Alvaro Cogollo, Adriana Pabón
A new alkaloid, Canthin-6-one, Huberine ( 1 ), together with three known compounds including 1-Hydroxy-canthin-6-one ( 2 ), Canthin-6-one ( 3 ) and stigma sterol ( 4 ), were isolated from the stem bark of Picrolemma huberi . The isolation was achieved by chromatographic techniques and the purification was performed on a C18 column using acetonitrile/water (90:10, v / v ) with 0.1% formic acid as the mobile phase. The structural elucidation was performed via spectroscopic methods, notably 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR, MS and HRMS...
April 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#15
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671858/disseminating-the-results-of-a-depression-management-study-in-an-urban-alaska-native-health-care-system
#16
Lisa G Dirks, Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Denise A Dillard, Karen Caindec, Renee F Robinson
Increased attention to diagnostic accuracy in depression screening and management within primary care has demonstrated inadequate care when patients prematurely discontinue recommended treatments such as medication and counseling. Decision-support tools can enhance the medical decision-making process. In 2010, the Southcentral Foundation (SCF) Research Department developed a stakeholder-driven decision support tool to aid in depression management. This paper describes feedback from attendees at SCF's 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) regarding a dissemination product highlighting the aforementioned study...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670405/perceptions-of-alcohol-use-in-the-context-of-hiv-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#17
Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Marimbe-Dube, Michelle Dube, Malinda Kaiyo-Utete, Angeline Paradzai, Dixon Chibanda, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Asj van der Watt, Soraya Seedat
Background: Alcohol use is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes. This study aimed to understand patients' perceptions of the impact of alcohol use in the context of HIV care. Methods: The study design was a descriptive qualitative study of HIV positive individuals receiving antiretroviral treatment. The study involved four focus group discussions with male and female participants at a tertiary center, city clinic, and rural church. We employed convenience sampling and invited patients coming for their routine visits and medication refills to participate...
2018: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#18
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669456/perceived-hiv-related-stigma-among-university-students-in-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-testing
#19
Firoza Haffejee, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Thulasizwe Buthelezi, Ayesha B M Kharsany
HIV-related stigma, and particularly perceived stigma, has a negative impact across the HIV care continuum. This study adds to our understanding of stigma by assessing how perceived stigma varies from one context to another and how such differences are associated with the location where individuals would prefer an HIV test. We used self-administered questionnaire data (n = 378) obtained from a convenience sample of students (18 years and older) attending a tertiary education institution in Durban, South Africa...
April 18, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667499/breaking-the-silence-and-other-prevention-lessons-from-the-opioid-epidemic
#20
Paul E Terry
The goal of this editorial is to equip readers with opioid education resources that enable you to role model what it looks like to speak out about addiction. How are we doing as a profession speaking up about addiction? Stigma is commanded by a deep irony: where peer pressure is what likely keeps us quiet, peer support is what enables us to speak up. The "#MeToo" movement is an extraordinary example of the inertia needed to break open a taboo topic. From Hollywood celebrities to US women's gymnastics stars, it was clear that as more women spoke up about sexual harassment, well, the more women spoke out...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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