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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343111/the-intimate-relationship-as-a-site-of-social-protection-partnerships-between-people-who-inject-drugs
#1
Tim Rhodes, Jake Rance, Suzanne Fraser, Carla Treloar
Public health research treats intimate partnerships as sites of risk management, including in the management of HIV and hepatitis C transmission. This risk-infused biomedical approach tends to undermine appreciation of the emotional and socially situated meanings of care in intimate partnerships. In this article we explore qualitative interview accounts of the care enacted in partnerships between people who inject drugs, drawing on a 2014 study of 34 couples and 12 individuals living in two locations of Australia...
March 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342943/would-i-take-antipsychotics-if-i-had-psychotic-symptoms-examining-determinants-of-the-decision-to-take-antipsychotics
#2
Fabrice Berna, Anja S Göritz, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Pierre Vidailhet, Guillaume Fond, Steffen Moritz
Poor adherence to treatment in schizophrenia is mainly associated to patients-related factors. However, social negative representations of schizophrenia and its treatment may also contribute to patients' decision to take or not to take antipsychotics. A web-based study on 1807 participants was conducted during which participants imagined that they had a particular chronic illness based on clinical vignettes (mental illnesses: schizophrenia, depression; somatic illnesses: multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis)...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342617/a-study-of-stigma-among-iranian-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-descriptive-explorative-qualitative-study
#3
Reza Masoudi, Fereydoon Khayeri, Leili Rabiei, Kourosh Zarea
AIM: This study was done to investigate the experiences of family caregivers of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) about stigmatization in Iranian health care context. BACKGROUND: Stigmatization has been observed obviously among patients with MS but few studies have been conducted on stigma among the family caregivers of these patients. METHODS: This qualitative study with thematic analysis was done to explore this issue. Fourteen family caregivers of patients with MS were selected by purposive sampling...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340059/topic-modeling-of-smoking-and-cessation-related-posts-to-the-american-cancer-society-s-cancer-survivor-network-csn-implications-for-cessation-treatment-for-cancer-survivors-who-smoke
#4
J Lee Westmaas, Bennett McDonald, Ken Portier
Introduction: Smoking is a risk factor in at least 18 cancers, and approximately two-thirds of cancer survivors continue smoking following diagnosis. Text mining of survivors' online posts related to smoking and quitting could inform strategies to reduce smoking in this vulnerable population. Methods: We identified posts containing smoking/cessation-related keywords from the Cancer Survivors Network (CSN), an online cancer survivor community of 166,000 members and over 468,000 posts since inception...
March 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339586/framing-tobacco-dependence-as-a-brain-disease-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#5
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
Introduction: Like other forms of drug dependence, tobacco dependence is increasingly being described as a "chronic brain disease." The potential consequences of this medical labelling have been examined in relation to other addictions, but the implications for tobacco control have been neglected. Some have posited that biomedical conceptions of addiction will reduce stigma and increase uptake of efficacious treatments. Others have countered that it could increase stigma, reduce treatment seeking, and deter unassisted quitting...
January 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339416/improving-vocational-outcomes-in-first-episode-psychosis-by-addressing-cognitive-impairments-using-cognitive-adaptation-training
#6
Kelly A Allott, Eoin Killackey, Pamela Sun, Warrick J Brewer, Dawn I Velligan
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) uses compensatory strategies and environmental supports to support cognitive impairments and improve functioning. CAT may be useful for addressing vocational recovery in first-episode psychosis (FEP) because cognitive impairments are common and vocational recovery is a key goal of young people with FEP. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical observations and practice experience when delivering CAT with FEP clients and explore potential benefits via objective outcome measures for improving vocational outcomes...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338049/breeding-system-and-spatial-isolation-from-congeners-strongly-constrain-seed-set-in-an-insect-pollinated-apomictic-tree-sorbus-subcuneata-rosaceae
#7
Tracey J Hamston, Robert J Wilson, Natasha de Vere, Tim C G Rich, Jamie R Stevens, James E Cresswell
In plants, apomixis results in the production of clonal offspring via seed and can provide reproductive assurance for isolated individuals. However, many apomicts require pollination to develop functional endosperm for successful seed set (pseudogamy) and therefore risk pollination-limitation, particularly in self-incompatible species that require heterospecific pollen. We used microsatellite paternity analysis and hand pollinations to investigate pollen-limitation in Sorbus subcuneata, a threatened endemic tree that co-occurs with its congener, S...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#8
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#9
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336736/identifying-possible-reasons-why-female-street-sex-workers-have-poor-drug-treatment-outcomes-a-qualitative-study
#10
Nikki Jeal, John Macleod, Chris Salisbury, Katrina Turner
AIMS: To explore street sex workers (SSWs) views and experiences of drug treatment, in order to understand why this population tend to experience poor drug treatment outcomes. DESIGN: In-depth interviews. SETTING: Bristol, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 24 current and exited SSWs with current or previous experience of problematic use of heroin and/or crack cocaine. FINDINGS: Participants described how feeling unable to discuss their sex work in drug treatment groups undermined their engagement in the treatment process...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335758/what-s-wrong-with-john-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-mhfa-training-with-nursing-students
#11
Sharyn Burns, Gemma Crawford, Jonathan Hallett, Kristen Hunt, Hui Jun Chih, P J Matt Tilley
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mental health problems have been found to be higher among university students compared to their non-student peers. Nursing students in particular face a range of additional stressors which may impact their undergraduate performance and their careers. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) aims to increase mental health literacy and to reduce stigma and may positively impact on the student population. This paper describes a MHFA randomised controlled trial targeting nursing students at a large Australian university...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335039/brain-temporal-complexity-in-explaining-the-therapeutic-and-cognitive-effects-of-seizure-therapy
#12
Faranak Farzan, Sravya Atluri, Ye Mei, Sylvain Moreno, Andrea J Levinson, Daniel M Blumberger, Zafiris J Daskalakis
Over 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression, a third of whom are medication-resistant. Seizure therapy remains the most effective treatment in depression, even when many treatments fail. The utility of seizure therapy is limited due to its cognitive side effects and stigma. The biological targets of seizure therapy remain unknown, hindering design of new treatments with comparable efficacy. Seizures impact the brains temporal dynamicity observed through electroencephalography. This dynamicity reflects richness of information processing across distributed brain networks subserving affective and cognitive processes...
March 3, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334739/hiv-treatment-as-prevention-implications-for-health-promotion
#13
Sean Slavin
Evidence has been accumulating in recent years that individuals with HIV who are effectively treated with antiretroviral drugs are highly unlikely to transmit the virus to their sexual partners. This approach has great potential to contribute to ongoing prevention efforts and has been termed 'treatment as prevention'. International political momentum has been building in recent years to attempt to significantly reduce new HIV infections globally and end the epidemic by 2030. In pursuit of such aims a number of local health authorities and communities have adopted intensified 'test and treat' strategies to quickly diagnose infections and reduce the risk of onward transmission through an immediate offer of treatment...
October 8, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334487/growing-up-with-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-life-not-expected
#14
Elaine Fay Williams
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the lived experience of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (PaHIV). BACKGROUND: The advancement of the highly active antiretroviral treatment, PaHIV-infection has transformed into a chronic lifelong illness that is faced by young adults who grew up with HIV. The known challenges that are associated with HIV are poverty, stigma and social and emotional isolation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative single interview study of a convenience sample of PaHIV-infected young adults receiving care at a large metropolitan pediatric hospital...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334177/genetic-and-environmental-integration-of-the-hawkmoth-pollination-syndrome-in-ruellia-humilis-acanthaceae
#15
John S Heywood, Joseph S Michalski, Braden K McCann, Amber D Russo, Kara J Andres, Allison R Hall, Tessa C Middleton
Background and Aims: The serial homology of floral structures has made it difficult to assess the relative contributions of selection and constraint to floral integration. The interpretation of floral integration may also be clouded by the tacit, but largely untested, assumption that genetic and environmental perturbations affect trait correlations in similar ways. In this study, estimates of both the genetic and environmental correlations between components of the hawkmoth pollination syndrome are presented for chasmogamous flowers of Ruellia humilis , including two levels of control for serial homology...
February 28, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333475/intentions-to-seek-counseling-in-first-generation-and-continuing-generation-college-students
#16
Patton O Garriott, Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Kim Yalango, Kathryn Schaefer Ziemer, Jared Utley
The growing socioeconomic diversity of higher education institutions calls for research that addresses the unique mental health needs of first-generation and continuing-generation college students. This study examined associations from environmental supports, personal stigma, self-stigma, and attitudes, to intentions to seek counseling in first- and continuing-generation college students (N = 610). Results of structural equation modeling largely supported hypothesized relationships between variables. Furthermore, the relationship between personal stigma and self-stigma was stronger for continuing-generation students while the relationship between self-stigma and attitudes was stronger for first-generation students...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332928/attitudinal-changes-toward-homosexuality-during-the-past-two-decades-1994-2014-in-korea
#17
Gahyun Youn
This study was conducted to examine recent Korean perspectives on homosexuality by comparing attitudes toward mental illness, crime, friendship, and civil rights related to homosexual people in 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014. The respondents were 3,299 Korean men and women between 18 and 59 years of age, and the data were collected across five years. The major findings were that there has been greater acceptance of homosexuality and civil rights for homosexuals during the past two decades, but the changes have been slow; Korean homosexuals remain subjects of social stigma and discrimination primarily due to increased Christian activism...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332077/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-views-and-attitudes-towards-prenatal-testing-in-adults-who-have-muenke-syndrome-and-their-partners
#18
Julie Phipps, Heather Skirton
Muenke syndrome constitutes the most common syndromic form of craniosynostosis, occurring in 1 in 30,000 live births. The phenotype is variable, ranging from no clinical findings to complex presentation. Facilitating reproductive decision making for couples at genetic risk of having a child with Muenke syndrome is an important aspect of genetic counselling. Prenatal genetic testing for Muenke syndrome is accurate; however the value of testing is uncertain with a variable phenotype. The purpose of this study was to explore attitudes towards prenatal testing in couples where one partner had tested positive for the Muenke mutation...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330865/an-automated-smartphone-based-diagnostic-assay-for-point-of-care-semen-analysis
#19
Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Magesh Sadasivam, Anupriya Singh, Collin Preston, Prudhvi Thirumalaraju, Maanasa Venkataraman, Charles L Bormann, Mohamed Shehata Draz, John C Petrozza, Hadi Shafiee
Male infertility affects up to 12% of the world's male population and is linked to various environmental and medical conditions. Manual microscope-based testing and computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) are the current standard methods to diagnose male infertility; however, these methods are labor-intensive, expensive, and laboratory-based. Cultural and socially dominated stigma against male infertility testing hinders a large number of men from getting tested for infertility, especially in resource-limited African countries...
March 22, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#20
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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