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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231800/let-s-talk-about-sex-work-in-humanitarian-settings-piloting-a-rights-based-approach-to-working-with-refugee-women-selling-sex-in-kampala
#1
Jennifer S Rosenberg, Denis Bakomeza
Although it is well known that refugees engage in sex work as a form of livelihood, stigma and silence around this issue persist within humanitarian circles. As a result, these refugees' sexual and reproductive health and rights, and related vulnerabilities, remain overlooked. Their protection and health needs, which are significant, often go unmet at the field level. In 2016, the Women's Refugee Commission and Reproductive Health Uganda partnered to pilot a peer-education intervention tailored to meet the needs of refugee women engaged in sex work in Kampala...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231127/view-from-the-penthouse-epistemological-bumps-and-emergent-metaphors-as-method-for-team-reflexivity
#2
Melissa Park, Hiba Zafran
Research in health care occurs within interdisciplinary teams that include clinician-researchers who have multiple epistemological orientations. Rigor in collaborative projects requires reflexive attention to how the paradigmatic questions raised by diverse epistemological orientations, and the ethical stances of each researcher, shape findings. This methodological article draws on three events during an ethnography of stigma in psychiatry to define and illustrate how we used double hermeneutics in data analysis...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231053/the-contribution-of-malodour-in-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#3
Afsaneh Alavi, Delaram Farzanfar, Rosa Kyuwon Lee, Dalal Almutairi
BACKGROUND: Malodourous discharge in patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) has a strong psychosocial impact and is often reported as a source of embarrassment, low self-esteem, social stigma, and barriers to interpersonal relationships. Malodour is a maker of bacterial colonization, and its role in HS is understudied. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between severity of malodourous discharge and quality-of-life impairment in patients with HS...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#4
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228510/left-behind-and-left-out-the-impact-of-the-school-environment-on-young-people-with-continence-problems
#6
Katie Whale, Helen Cramer, Carol Joinson
OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of the secondary school environment on young people with continence problems. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative semi-structured interviews. METHODS: We interviewed 20 young people aged 11-19 years (11 female and nine male) with continence problems (daytime wetting, bedwetting, and/or soiling). Interviews were conducted by Skype (n = 11) and telephone (n = 9). Transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis...
December 11, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227183/factors-associated-with-medical-doctors-intentions-to-discriminate-against-transgender-patients-in-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#7
Aishwarya Vijay, Valerie A Earnshaw, Ying Chew Tee, Veena Pillai, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Kirsty Clark, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice, Jeffrey A Wickersham
PURPOSE: Transgender people are frequent targets of discrimination. Discrimination against transgender people in the context of healthcare can lead to poor health outcomes and facilitate the growth of health disparities. This study explores factors associated with medical doctors' intentions to discriminate against transgender people in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 436 physicians at two major university medical centers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed an online survey...
December 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226447/the-politics-of-medicaid-most-americans-are-connected-to-the-program-support-its-expansion-and-do-not-view-it-as-stigmatizing
#8
Colleen M Grogan, Sunggeun Ethan Park
Policy Points: More than half of Americans are connected to the Medicaid program-either through their own coverage or that of a family member or close friend-and are significantly more likely to view Medicaid as important and to support increases in spending, even among conservatives. This finding helps explain why Affordable Care Act repeal efforts faced (and will continue to face) strong public backlash. Policymakers should be aware that although renaming programs within Medicaid may have increased enrollment take-up, this destigmatization effort might have also increased program confusion and reduced support for Medicaid even among enrollees who say the program is important to them...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226192/qualitative-assessment-of-pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-infant-sleep-boxes
#9
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Michelle L Redmond, Sharla Smith, Molly Brown, Stephanie N Kuhlmann, Matthew Engel, Mary Benton
Although several states have implemented programs providing boxes for infant sleep, safe sleep experts express concern regarding the paucity of safety and efficacy research on boxes. The purpose of this study was to assess pregnant women's perceptions regarding use of baby sleep boxes. A convenience sample was recruited from a community prenatal education program. Twenty-eight women were administered a brief semistructured interview about their knowledge of baby sleep boxes, opinions about the boxes, and questions they would have...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225954/fighting-tb-stigma-we-need-to-apply-lessons-learnt-from-hiv-activism
#10
EDITORIAL
Amrita Daftary, Mike Frick, Nandita Venkatesan, Madhukar Pai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225203/stigmatization-in-dermatology-with-a-special-focus-on-psoriatic-patients
#11
Dimitre Dimitrov, Jacek C Szepietowski
A stigma is currently defined as a discrediting mark, biological or social, that sets a person off from others and disrupts interactions with them. People who differ from social norms in some respect are often negatively labeled. A number of medical conditions are recognized at present as stigmatizing their sufferers and certain skin diseases are among them. The article aimed to analyze the current understanding about stigmatization among dermatological patients, especially those with psoriasis. We performed our search on PubMed up to November 2016 and utilized combinations of key phrases containing such words as stigmatization, skin, dermatology, names of various skin conditions (psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, etc...
December 11, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224034/noninvasive-body-contouring
#12
Nicole Y Lee, Deanne Mraz Robinson
In a society where stigma surrounds cosmetic procedures and yet a thin and sculpted physique is idealized, noninvasive body contouring satisfies the demand to reduce excess and undesired body fat in areas that persist despite exercise and diet. Numerous devices are available to meet this need; however, choosing the "perfect" device is challenging because the science and data are often limited with variable results. In this paper, we review 7 US Food and Drug Administration-approved noninvasive body contouring therapies in hopes of providing some clarity to this area...
December 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#13
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221482/rejection-acceptance-and-the-spectrum-between-understanding-male-attitudes-and-experiences-towards-conflict-related-sexual-violence-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#14
Jocelyn Kelly, Katherine Albutt, Justin Kabanga, Kimberley Anderson, Michael VanRooyen
BACKGROUND: Female survivors of sexual violence in conflict experience not only physical and psychological sequelae from the event itself, but often many negative social outcomes, such as rejection and ostracisation from their families and community. Male relatives - whether husbands, fathers, brothers - play a key role in determining how the family and community respond to a survivor of sexual violence. Understanding these perspectives could help improve services for survivors of sexual violence, as well as their families and communities...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220710/life-satisfaction-and-its-associated-factors-among-money-boys-in-china
#15
A Zhang, J Yan, G Yang, X Tan, X Wang, S Tan
OBJECTIVES: Money Boy (MB) is a unique term used in China referring to a specialized population of men who sell sex to other men. Life satisfaction can influence one's health-related behaviors. The aim of our study was to find out the situation of MBs' life satisfaction and its associated factors. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study among MBs was conducted between July and December 2013 in Hunan province, China. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling method was used for recruitment, with the initial seven 'seeds' found from a gay dating website, and 234 participants were enrolled into the study...
December 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220683/psychological-pathway-to-suicidal-ideation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-china-a-structural-equation-model
#16
Wei Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Chenchang Xiao, Xing Yao, Yinmei Yang, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have higher rates of suicide than does the general population. It is critical to interpret the intricate relationships among various psychological variables that increase the risk of suicidal ideation among PLWHA in China. An institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted from Jul to Aug 2016 in Nanjing, China, using a self-reporting questionnaire. A total of 465 PLWHA participated. Sociodemographic, psychological variables and suicide information about the participants were collected...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220682/searching-online-to-buy-commonly-prescribed-psychiatric-drugs
#17
Scott Monteith, Tasha Glenn
The use of online pharmacies to purchase prescription drugs is increasing. The patient experience when searching to buy commonly prescribed psychiatric drugs was investigated. Using the search term "buy [drug name] online" in Google, 38 frequently prescribed drugs, including 13 with a high potential for abuse, were searched by brand and generic names. The first page of results were analyzed, including with pharmacy certification checkers and ICANN WHOIS. Search results for all drugs yielded 167 pharmacies, of which 147 (88%) did not require a prescription...
November 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220615/medication-assisted-treatment-mat-for-opioid-addiction-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#18
Karen McElrath, Herman Joseph
Several countries are experiencing public health crises as a result of opioid addiction. Fatal overdoses have reached record highs in many regions and Hepatitis C virus is the norm among people who inject drugs in several countries. Thus, providing for the global availability of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid addiction is more important than ever. In this article, we introduce readers to the collection of papers that appear in this special issue on MAT for opioid addiction. We describe the articles and commentaries thematically to include topics that address 1) the contemporary history of methadone maintenance, 2) the provision of and access and barriers to MAT, 3) compliance and outcomes of MAT, 4) health issues among MAT patients, 5) race, ethnicity, and social class backgrounds of MAT patients, 6) criminalization and stigma, and 7) challenges associated with the expansion of MAT...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220598/hope-for-the-future-but-fear-the-risk-of-stigma-ethiopian-family-caregivers-lived-experience-of-caring-for-their-hiv-positive-child-two-years-after-starting-antiretroviral-treatment
#19
Mulatu Biru, Pia Lunqvist, Mitikie Molla, Degu Jerene, Inger Hallström
Family caregivers are believed to be the primary source of support for HIV-affected children. There is limited evidence about practices of support for caregivers, to strengthen them and to enhance the welfare of HIV positive children, especially in African settings. Our aim was therefore to illuminate caregivers' lived experiences of caring for a child in Ethiopia 2 years after the child was enrolled in antiretroviral therapy. Qualitative interviews with 18 family caregivers of 18 children were performed and analyzed using an inductive design with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach...
December 8, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220369/can-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-be-eliminated-without-addressing-the-issue-of-stigma-modeling-the-case-for-a-setting-in-south-africa
#20
Holly J Prudden, Matthew Hamilton, Anna M Foss, Nicole Dzialowy Adams, Melissa Stockton, Vivian Black, Laura Nyblade
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination ontinue to undermine the effectiveness of the HIV response. Despite a growing body of evidence of the negative relationship between stigma and HIV outcomes, there is a paucity of data available on the prevalence of stigma and its impact. We present a probabilistic cascade model to estimate the magnitude of impact stigma has on mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT). METHODS: The model was parameterized using 2010 data from Johannesburg, South Africa, from which loss-to-care at each stage of the antenatal cascade were available...
2017: PloS One
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