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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470532/psychosocial-health-and-suicidal-ideation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-in-nanjing-china
#1
Wei Wang, Chenchang Xiao, Xing Yao, Yinmei Yang, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious cause of mortality worldwide and is considered as a psychiatric emergency. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have higher rates of suicidal behavior than the general population. This study assessed the prevalence and verified the syndemic effect of psychosocial health conditions on suicidal ideation among PLWHA in China. METHODS: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2016 in Nanjing, China, using a self-report questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470200/addressing-hiv-stigma-in-health-care
#2
Mariam Davtyan, Ellen F Olshansky, Cynthia Lakon
Strategies to address this potent barrier to treatment and prevention.
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470116/mechanisms-by-which-anti-immigrant-stigma-exacerbates-racial-ethnic-health-disparities
#3
Brittany N Morey
Anti-immigrant rhetoric and political actions gained prominence and public support before, during, and after the 2016 presidential election. This anti-immigrant political environment threatens to increase health disparities among undocumented persons, immigrant groups, and people of color. I discuss the mechanisms by which anti-immigrant stigma exacerbates racial/ethnic health disparities through increasing multilevel discrimination and stress, deportation and detention, and policies that limit health resources...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468346/drivers-of-sexual-inactivity-among-women-living-with-hiv-and-aids-findings-of-the-genih-study-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#4
Adriana de Araujo Pinho, Regina Maria Barbosa, Sandra Brignol, Wilza Villela, Simone Souza Monteiro
The advances on HIV/AIDS diagnosis and treatment have enabled people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) better quality of life. However, the persistence of HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and the risks triggered by HIV disclosure, may be a barrier to the sexual exercise of PLHA. We investigated the prevalence of sexual inactivity and the reasons given for it among a representative sample of women of reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in the municipality of São Paulo, Brazil. We surveyed 918 WLWHA with probability proportional to average number of visits in each of the 18 referral HIV/AIDS services...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467563/sociocultural-influences-on-african-americans-representations-of-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#5
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Earlise Ward, Carolyn Brown
Objective: Illness representations, known as patients' beliefs and expectations about an illness, may be influenced by cultural beliefs and personal experiences. This study explored African Americans' perceptions of the sociocultural factors that influence their representations of diabetes. Design: Six semi-structured focus groups. Setting: Private space at a convenient site. Participants: Forty African Americans, aged 45-60 years with type 2 diabetes for at least one year prior...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467178/a-putative-protein-o-fucosyltransferase-facilitates-pollen-tube-penetration-through-the-stigma-style-interface
#6
Devin K Smith, Danielle M Jones, Jonathan B R Lau, Edward R Cruz, Elizabeth Brown, Jeffrey F Harper, Ian S Wallace
During pollen-pistil interactions in angiosperms, the male gametophyte (pollen) germinates to produce a pollen tube. To fertilize ovules located within the female pistil, the pollen tube must physically penetrate specialized tissues. Whereas the process of pollen tube penetration through the pistil has been anatomically well-described, the genetic regulation remains poorly understood. In this study, we identify a novel Arabidopsis thaliana gene, O-FUCOSYL TRANSFERASE 1 (AtOFT1), which plays a key role in pollen tube penetration through the stigma-style interface...
February 21, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466996/-just-because-she-s-young-it-doesn-t-mean-she-has-to-die-exploring-the-contributing-factors-to-high-maternal-mortality-in-adolescents-in-eastern-freetown-a-qualitative-study
#7
Lucy November, Jane Sandall
BACKGROUND: In Sierra Leone, 34% of pregnancies and 40% of maternal deaths are in the adolescent population. Risks are known to be higher for younger adolescents, this being borne out by a household survey in Eastern Freetown in 2015. This current qualitative study, funded by Wellbeing of Women's international midwifery fellowship, was conducted to explore the causes of this high incidence of maternal death for younger teenagers, and to identify possible interventions to improve outcomes...
February 21, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466377/understanding-the-psychiatric-effects-of-concussion-on-constructed-identity-in-hockey-players-implications-for-health-professionals
#8
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465256/managing-anti-fat-stigma-in-primary-care-an-observational-study
#9
Patricia Thille
In many wealthy countries, fatness is stigmatized as a sign of personal failure. Health care interactions can enact fat-related stigmatization, which can worsen health outcomes. The present analysis highlights how stigmatizing discourses about fat bodies emerge in primary care appointments, and examines immediate conversational effects. METHODS: Observational study in three primary care clinics in Canada, using conversation and discourse analytic methods on transcripts of 29 audio-recorded appointments with adults...
February 21, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464430/hiv-testing-and-counseling-among-female-sex-workers-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Anna Tokar, Jacqueline E W Broerse, James Blanchard, Maria Roura
HIV testing uptake continues to be low among Female Sex Workers (FSWs). We synthesizes evidence on barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among FSW as well as frequencies of testing, willingness to test, and return rates to collect results. We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS databases for articles published in English between January 2000 and November 2017. Out of 5036 references screened, we retained 36 papers. The two barriers to HIV testing most commonly reported were financial and time costs-including low income, transportation costs, time constraints, and formal/informal payments-as well as the stigma and discrimination ascribed to HIV positive people and sex workers...
February 20, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462171/stigma-gets-in-my-way-factors-affecting-client-provider-communication-regarding-childbearing-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-uganda
#11
Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Rhoda K Wanyenze, Kathy Goggin, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Mahlet Atakilt Woldetsadik, Deborah Mindry, Josephine Birungi, Glenn J Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Many HIV-affected couples living in sub-Saharan Africa desire to have children, but few quantitative studies have examined support for their childbearing needs. Our study explored client-provider communication about childbearing and safer conception among HIV clients in Uganda. METHODS: 400 Ugandan HIV clients in committed relationships and with intentions to conceive were surveyed. Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to childbearing, and use of safer conception methods were assessed, including communication with providers about childbearing needs, the correlates of which were examined with bivariate statistics and logistic multivariate analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460535/analyze-my-face
#12
V Quinzi, E T Scibetta, E Marchetti, S Mummolo, A B Giannì, M Romano, G Beltramini, G Marzo
Plastic surgery is gaining more and more popularity, while stigma and popular myths about it are gradually decreasing. Analyze My Face conjunctly deals with the two main problems of facial plastic surgery: the excessive rate of dissatisfaction, which results in high revision requests and negative psychological side-effects and the “diagnosis by procedure” approach, which leads to erroneous measurements. This new and innovative method of Digital Facial Analysis is a direct non-expensive online service that provides professional and documented in-depth consultation to patients before they decide to undergo any type of facial intervention...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460223/prep-stigma-implicit-and-explicit-drivers-of-disparity
#13
REVIEW
Sarit A Golub
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite its promise as an HIV prevention strategy, PrEP uptake remains slow, especially among highest priority populations. One factor that may be impeding implementation and driving disparities is PrEP-related stigma. This paper reviews the role of PrEP-related stigma in PrEP access, adherence, and persistence and examines its antecedents and consequences. RECENT FINDINGS: Although PrEP stigma is often experienced at the community level (i.e...
February 19, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460199/delayed-selfing-ensures-reproductive-assurance-in-utricularia-praeterita-and-utricularia-babui-in-western-ghats
#14
Anjali Chaudhary, S R Yadav, Rajesh Tandon
Numerous bladderwort (Utricularia) species are distributed worldwide, but their reproductive biology is rarely investigated. Bladderworts are known to depend on tiny organisms to meet a significant proportion of their energy requirement by trapping them in bladders. However, information on the extent of their reliance on insects for pollination success is limited. We examined the reproductive strategy of two Utricularia species viz. Utricularia praeterita and U. babui, endemic to Western Ghats, India. The main aspects of the investigation involved floral biology, breeding system, pollination mechanism, and reproductive success...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458264/the-experience-and-management-of-hiv-stigma-among-hiv-negative-adults-in-heterosexual-serodiscordant-relationships-in-new-york-city
#15
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier, Helen-Maria Lekas
Despite treatment advances that have improved the health and life expectancy of HIV-positive people and contribute to the prevention of HIV transmission, HIV stigma is still frequently experienced by HIV-infected individuals and those close to them. This study investigated the types of HIV-related stigma experienced by HIV-negative adults in serodiscordant heterosexual relationships when their partner's HIV-positive status was revealed to family and friends and their strategies to manage such stigma. In-depth interviews were conducted in New York City with 56 men and 44 women who were HIV negative and had been in a relationship for at least six months with an HIV-positive partner of the opposite sex...
February 19, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456427/the-experience-of-diabetes-related-language-in-diabetes-care
#16
Jane K Dickinson
Objective: The goal of this study was to understand how adults with diabetes experience the words used in diabetes care. Methods: This qualitative study guided by Critical Theory used two virtual and two in-person focus groups conducted by the same facilitator. A total of 68 focus group members participated. The facilitator transcribed and coded focus group data using individual responses as the unit of analysis. The facilitator used constant comparison to analyze responses and developed a research summary of themes that emerged...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456286/examining-thematic-similarity-difference-and-membership-in-three-online-mental-health-communities-from-reddit-a-text-mining-and-visualization-approach
#17
Albert Park, Mike Conway, Annie T Chen
Objectives: Social media, including online health communities, have become popular platforms for individuals to discuss health challenges and exchange social support with others. These platforms can provide support for individuals who are concerned about social stigma and discrimination associated with their illness. Although mental health conditions can share similar symptoms and even co-occur, the extent to which discussion topics in online mental health communities are similar, different, or overlapping is unknown...
January 2018: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455896/layered-stigma-co-occurring-depression-and-obesity-in-the-public-eye
#18
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Georg Schomerus, Thomas Jochum, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Obesity and depression are common conditions in the general public and show a high level of co-morbidity. Both conditions are stigmatized, i.e., associated with negative attitudes and discrimination. Previous research shows that devalued conditions can overlap or combine to produce a layered stigma which is associated with more negative health outcomes than either single devalued condition alone. This study therefore set out to investigate the double stigma of obesity and depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455724/adolescent-and-young-adult-male-mental-health-transforming-system-failures-into-proactive-models-of-engagement
#19
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Patrick D McGorry
Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women, underscoring different prevention and intervention needs. Evidence indicates that boys disconnect from health-care services during adolescence, marking the beginning of a progression of health-care disengagement and associated barriers to care, including presenting to services differently, experiencing an inadequate or poorly attuned clinical response, and needing to overcome pervasive societal attitudes and self-stigma to access available services...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455707/the-alignment-of-law-practice-and-need-in-suicide-prevention
#20
Helen M Stallman, Jeneva L Ohan
Help-seeking is important for patients with suicidal ideation. Currently, a risk management paradigm is used with patients who express suicidality; however, this may limit support and increase stigma, reducing future help-seeking. Coping planning is proposed as a paradigm shift that overcomes these problems by focusing on patient needs and strengths. Declaration of interest None.
February 19, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
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