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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731843/telemedicine-use-decreases-rural-emergency-department-length-of-stay-for-transferred-north-dakota-trauma-patients
#1
Nicholas M Mohr, J Priyanka Vakkalanka, Karisa K Harland, Amanda Bell, Brian Skow, Dan M Shane, Marcia M Ward
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has been proposed as one strategy to improve local trauma care and decrease disparities between rural and urban trauma outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to describe the effect of telemedicine on management and clinical outcomes for trauma patients in North Dakota. METHODS: Cohort study of adult (age ≥18 years) trauma patients treated in North Dakota Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Emergency Departments (EDs) from 2008 to 2014...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678680/management-of-noma-practice-competence-and-knowledge-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-rural-district-of-zambia
#2
Mathilda Ahlgren, Tjede Funk, Clemence Marimo, Charlotte Ndiaye, Tobias Alfvén
BACKGROUND: Noma is an infectious but opportunistic disease that often results in severe facial disfigurements and mortality if untreated. As noma progresses quickly, early detection and treatment are important to prevent its development. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate primary healthcare workers' knowledge and management of noma in a rural part of Zambia. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-completed survey was conducted among 35 healthcare workers from two district hospitals and 15 rural health centres in Serenje District, Zambia...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678066/hearing-health-access-in-developing-countries
#3
Michael S Harris, Edward E Dodson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The developing world carries a disproportionate burden of hearing loss. Individuals with hearing loss in austere settings worldwide are also potentially impacted by their impairment to a greater extent owing to underdeveloped or nonexistent hearing health infrastructure. The purpose of this review is to examine the state of the literature on hearing health access in developing countries and identify areas for improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last 10 years progress has been made in some areas, whereas other aspects of hearing health in developing countries have changed very little...
July 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669290/cost-effectiveness-of-telemedicine-based-collaborative-care-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Jacob T Painter, John C Fortney, Mark A Austen, Jeffrey M Pyne
OBJECTIVE: The study examined the cost-effectiveness of a telemedicine-based collaborative care model designed to increase rural veterans' engagement in evidence-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The Telemedicine Outreach for PTSD (TOP) study used a pragmatic randomized effectiveness trial to examine effects of PTSD care teams located at Veterans Affairs medical centers and supporting primary care providers in satellite clinics...
July 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661790/selected-use-of-telemedicine-in-intensive-care-units-based-on-severity-of-illness-improves-cost-effectiveness
#5
Byung-Kwang Yoo, Minchul Kim, Tomoko Sasaki, Jeffrey S Hoch, James P Marcin
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine in the intensive care unit (tele-ICU) is expected to address geographic health disparities through more efficient resource allocation. Our previous economic evaluation demonstrated tele-ICU to be cost-effective in most cases and cost saving in some cases, compared to conventional intensive care unit (ICU) care without adequate intensivist coverage. INTRODUCTION: This study's objective is to examine how to optimize the cost-effectiveness of tele-ICU use by selecting highest risk (i...
June 29, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586267/content-design-and-system-implementation-of-a-teleophthalmology-system-for-eye-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-and-its-preliminary-practice-in-guangdong-china
#6
Di Xiao, Janardhan Vignarajan, Tingting Chen, Tiantian Ye, Baixiang Xiao, Nathan Congdon, Yogessan Kanagasingam
BACKGROUND: We have developed a new telemedicine system for comprehensive eye examination, diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening, and eye disease diagnosis and treatment. The novel points of the system include a tablet application for facilitating doctor's examination and diagnosis process, a comprehensive eye examination component, and integrated treatment planning and recording. METHODS: The system provided a new service model through one ophthalmological center linking with multiple remote and rural hospitals for eye care in Guangdong province, China...
June 6, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564548/feasibility-of-developing-a-pediatric-telehealth-network-in-honduras-with-international-consultation-support
#7
Mary Brooks, Kenton R Holden, Reyna M Durón, James T McElligott, Andrea Summer
INTRODUCTION: Honduras is the second poorest country in Central America, and roughly 50% of the population lives in rural areas. A telehealth network linking these areas to larger health centers may improve patient access to care, and physician access to educational opportunities. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of establishing a pediatric telehealth network between underserved clinics in Honduras and the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). METHODS: Two underserved Honduran clinics were identified and invited to participate in the telehealth network...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545402/regional-variations-of-perceived-problems-in-ambulatory-care-from-the-perspective-of-general-practitioners-and-their-patients-an-exploratory-focus-group-study-in-urban-and-rural-regions-of-northern-germany
#8
H Hansen, N J Pohontsch, L Bole, I Schäfer, M Scherer
BACKGROUND: Patients from rural and urban regions should have equitable access to health care. In Germany, the physician-patient-ratio and the supply of medical services vary greatly between urban and rural areas. The aim of our study was to explore the regional variations of the perceived health care problems in ambulatory care from the perspective of affected professionals and laypersons i.e. general practitioners and their patients. METHODS: We conducted 27 focus groups with general practitioners (n = 65) and patients (n = 145) from urban areas, environs and rural areas in northern Germany...
May 25, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541980/telemedicine-and-telehealth-the-potential-to-improve-rural-access-to-care
#9
Roxanne Nelson
Despite the promise of remote health care services, their operation faces hurdles.
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535455/the-effectiveness-of-telemedicine-delivered-opioid-agonist-therapy-in-a-supervised-clinical-setting
#10
Joseph K Eibl, Graham Gauthier, David Pellegrini, Jeffery Daiter, Michael Varenbut, John C Hogenbirk, David C Marsh
OBJECTIVE: Opioid use disorder has been declared a public health crisis across North America and opioid agonist therapy (OAT) is the standard of care for these patients. Despite the increasing adoption of telemedicine as a delivery method for OAT, its effectiveness has not yet been evaluated against traditional in-person treatment. This study compared treatment outcomes for in-person versus telemedicine-delivered OAT. METHODS: We conducted a non-randomized cohort comparison study using an administrative database for patients who commenced OAT between 2011 and 2012 across 58 clinic sites in the province of Ontario, Canada...
May 17, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520876/geographic-information-systems-mapping-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-an-ocular-telemedicine-network
#11
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Philip McDaniel, Anthony Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Minimal information exists on the use of geographic information systems mapping for visualizing access barriers to eye care for patients with diabetes. Objective: To use geographic information systems mapping techniques to visualize (1) the locations of patients participating in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network, (2) the locations of primary care clinicians and ophthalmologists across the state, and (3) the travel times associated with traveling to the 5 primary care clinics in our study...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520833/evaluation-of-diabetic-retinal-screening-and-factors-for-ophthalmology-referral-in-a-telemedicine-network
#12
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Arkopal Choudhury, John S Preisser, Anthony J Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Retinal telescreening for evaluation of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the primary care setting may be useful in reaching rural and underserved patients. Objectives: To evaluate telemedicine retinal screenings for patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes and identify factors for ophthalmology referral in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network. Design, Setting, and Participants: A preimplementation and postimplementation evaluation was conducted from January 6, 2014, to November 1, 2015, at 5 primary care clinics serving rural and underserved populations in North Carolina among 1787 adult patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes who received primary care at the clinics and obtained retinal telescreening to determine the presence and severity of DR...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498062/telemedicine-is-helping-the-parents-of-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-living-in-remote-and-deprived-areas
#13
Ruth Stuckey, Sophie Domingues-Montanari
Telecommunication technologies are advancing rapidly with huge investment to improve infrastructure in rural areas. Telemedicine brings the benefits of telecommunication to healthcare, especially in resource-limited and remote communities. The recent literature on telemedicine in paediatrics will be reviewed, with particular focus on its application to help children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their families living in remote regions and/or low-income countries, and gaps identified for future research...
May 12, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488929/mobile-diagnostic-units-for-rural-patients-in-colombia
#14
Luis Fernando Cifuentes
BACKGROUND: The literature on the use of mobile diagnostic units for the adult population is limited. This is a report for the first time in Colombia (Latin America) on the use of mobile diagnostic units for patients in rural areas and resolution of complex cases through telemedicine. INTRODUCTION: Telemedicine is an alternative because it takes advantage of advances in telecommunications and technology for the provision of health services to patients in rural areas of a country...
May 10, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484946/rural-asthma-current-understanding-of-prevalence-patterns-and-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Robin Dawson Estrada, Dennis R Ownby
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma is the most common chronic illness of children and adolescents in the USA. While asthma has been understood to disproportionately affect urban dwellers, recent investigations have revealed rural pediatric asthma prevalence to be very similar to urban and to be more closely correlated with socioeconomic and environmental factors than geographic location or population density. RECENT FINDINGS: Rural children experience factors unique to location that impact asthma development and outcomes, including housing quality, cigarette smoke exposure, and small/large-scale farming...
June 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479635/evaluation-of-a-social-franchising-and-telemedicine-programme-and-the-care-provided-for-childhood-diarrhoea-and-pneumonia-bihar-india
#16
Manoj Mohanan, Soledad Giardili, Veena Das, Tracy L Rabin, Sunil S Raj, Jeremy I Schwartz, Aparna Seth, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Grant Miller, Marcos Vera-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on the quality of the care provided for childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia in Bihar, India, of a large-scale, social franchising and telemedicine programme - the World Health Partners' Sky Program. METHODS: We investigated changes associated with the programme in the knowledge and performance of health-care providers by carrying out 810 assessments in a representative sample of providers in areas where the programme was and was not implemented...
May 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478980/use-of-geospatial-modeling-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-telestroke-on-access-to-stroke-thrombolysis-in-ontario
#17
Lauren Jewett, Ario Mirian, Ben Connolly, Frank L Silver, Demetrios J Sahlas
BACKGROUND: The treatment of acute ischemic stroke in Ontario is coordinated through a network of stroke centers, supplemented by emergency telemedicine consultations to nonstroke centers through the Ontario Telemedicine Network's province-wide Telestroke program. Using geoinformatics, we sought to evaluate the overall impact of Telestroke on access to stroke thrombolysis in Ontario. METHODS: Ontario population data (census) were used to overlay polygons created by Service Area Analysis using ArcGIS 10...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461359/rapid-growth-in-mental-health-telemedicine-use-among-rural-medicare-beneficiaries-wide-variation-across-states
#18
Ateev Mehrotra, Haiden A Huskamp, Jeffrey Souza, Lori Uscher-Pines, Sherri Rose, Bruce E Landon, Anupam B Jena, Alisa B Busch
Congress and many state legislatures are considering expanding access to telemedicine. To inform this debate, we analyzed Medicare fee-for-service claims for the period 2004-14 to understand trends in and recent use of telemedicine for mental health care, also known as telemental health. The study population consisted of rural beneficiaries with a diagnosis of any mental illness or serious mental illness. The number of telemental health visits grew on average 45.1 percent annually, and by 2014 there were 5...
May 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436157/real-time-teleophthalmology-video-consultation-an-analysis-of-patient-satisfaction-in-rural-western-australia
#19
Benjamin Kj Host, Angus W Turner, Josephine Muir
BACKGROUND: Teleophthalmology, particularly real-time video consultation, holds great potential in Australia and similar countries worldwide, where geography, population and medical workforce distribution make it difficult to provide specialist eye services outside of major cities. Assessment and referrals from rural optometrists are vital to the success of teleophthalmology. While there is good evidence for the efficacy of such services, there is limited evidence for patient satisfaction with video consultation...
April 23, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435754/establishing-successful-patient-centered-medical-homes-in-rural-hawai-i-three-strategies-to-consider
#20
Melissa Nelson Scribner, Kasey Kehoe
The challenges to healthcare delivery posed by Hawai'i's unique geography, physician shortages, and dispersed population are of particular importance in light of implementing the Affordable Care Act (ACA). This study draws on central goals laid out in the ACA - to decrease costs, increase access, and improve patient outcomes. The use of the Patient-Centered Medical Homes (PCMHs) is a care model that has the potential to meet all three goals. How to identify the most effective way to develop PCMHs in the specific context of Hawai'i is the focus of this study...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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