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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913764/ethnic-differences-in-fall-risk-among-community-dwelling-older-people-in-the-netherlands
#1
Fatima El Fakiri, Amber A Kegel, Gea M Schouten, Mary P H Berns
OBJECTIVE: This study measures the prevalence of falls and fear of falling among a population sample aged ≥65 years from different ethnic minorities living in the Netherlands, and examines whether ethnicity contributed to the differences in fall risk. METHOD: We analyzed data from 8,892 Dutch, Moroccan, Turkish, and Surinamese participants. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were conducted with falls and fear of falling as the dependent variable and ethnicity as the independent variable...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913691/exploring-the-chronic-illness-experience-of-rural-dwelling-latinos-of-mexican-origin
#2
Anissa Guzman
INTRODUCTION: Chronic illness is a complex and ever-growing phenomenon that is affecting millions of Americans every day, and it is disproportionately experienced by Latinos of Mexican origin. METHOD: In this quantitative study, the specific aims were to evaluate perceptions of chronic illness(es), locus of control (health and God), health status, and cultural orientation of rural-dwelling Latinos of Mexican origin in Colorado who have one or more chronic illnesses and to explore the relationships existing between these concepts...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913463/single-dose-intravenous-iron-for-iron-deficiency-a-new-paradigm
#3
Michael Auerbach, Thomas Deloughery
Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common hematologic problem in the world. Although oral iron is often viewed as front-line therapy, extensive published evidence has accumulated that IV iron is superior, in both efficacy and safety, to oral iron in many clinical situations and should be introduced much sooner in the treatment paradigm of iron-deficient patients. In this chapter, we will review the formulations of IV iron that allow total complete replacement doses in 1 or 2 sessions including practical tips for administration...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908899/undertreatment-of-people-with-major-depressive-disorder-in-21-countries
#4
Graham Thornicroft, Somnath Chatterji, Sara Evans-Lacko, Michael Gruber, Nancy Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Jordi Alonso, Laura Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Ronny Bruffaerts, Brendan Bunting, Jose Miguel Caldas de Almeida, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Yanling He, Hristo Hinkov, Elie Karam, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Jose Posada-Villa, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Ronald C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. AIMS: To examine the: (a) 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV MDD; (b) proportion aware that they have a problem needing treatment and who want care; (c) proportion of the latter receiving treatment; and (d) proportion of such treatment meeting minimal standards. METHOD: Representative community household surveys from 21 countries as part of the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906550/delayed-diagnosis-and-a-lack-of-information-associated-with-dissatisfaction-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
Melanie Gibson-Helm, Helena Teede, Andrea Dunaif, Anuja Dokras
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex, chronic and under-recognized disorder. Diagnosis experience may have lasting effects on wellbeing and self-management. OBJECTIVE: To investigate PCOS diagnosis experiences, information provided and concerns about PCOS. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire. SETTING: Recruitment via support group websites in 2015-2016. PARTICIPANTS: 1385 women with a reported diagnosis of PCOS, living in North America (53...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906030/cases-of-antiretroviral-associated-gynaecomastia-reported-to-the-national-hiv-tuberculosis-health-care-worker-hotline-in-south-africa
#6
Christine Njuguna, Annoesjka Swart, Marc Blockman, Gary Maartens, Briony Chisholm, Annemie Stewart, Anri Uys, Karen Cohen
BACKGROUND: Gynaecomastia is associated with exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART), in particular efavirenz. There is limited data on clinical characteristics of patients with ART-associated gynaecomastia in resource-limited settings and little guidance on the optimal management of this adverse drug reaction (ADR). We describe the clinical characteristics, management and outcomes of gynaecomastia cases reported to the National HIV & Tuberculosis Health Care Worker Hotline in South Africa...
November 16, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905975/health-profile-of-centenarians-in-portugal-a-census-based-approach
#7
Oscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Lia Araújo, Constança Paúl
BACKGROUND: The number of centenarians is rapidly increasing in Europe. In Portugal, it has almost tripled over the last 10 years and constitutes one of the fastest-growing segments of the population. This paper aims to describe the health and sociodemographic characteristics of Portuguese centenarians as given in the 2011 census and to identify sex differences. METHODS: All persons living in Portugal mainland and Madeira and Azores islands aged 100 years old at the time of the 2011 census (N = 1,526) were considered...
April 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905237/combating-racism-in-the-nhs
#8
Erin Dean
Essential facts Black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses working in health are still treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905196/from-scratch-developing-a-hepatic-resection-service-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#9
Neil Wylie, Phillip Hider, Delwyn Armstrong, Kheman Rajkomar, Sanket Srinivasa, Michael Rodgers, Anna Brown, Jonathan Koea
BACKGROUND: Waitemata District Health Board has New Zealand's largest catchment and busiest colorectal unit. The upper gastrointestinal unit was established in 2005, in part to provide a hepatic resection service for patients with colorectal carcinoma metastatic to the liver. The aim of this investigation was to report on quality indicators for the hepatic resection of colorectal carcinoma in the development of a regional resection service. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients undergoing hepatic resection for colorectal carcinoma between 2005 and 2014 was reviewed and correlated with costing data and national hepatic resection rates...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904992/the-relationship-between-race-patient-activation-and-working-alliance-implications-for-patient-engagement-in-mental-health-care
#10
Johanne Eliacin, Jessica M Coffing, Marianne S Matthias, Diana J Burgess, Matthew J Bair, Angela L Rollins
This study explored the relationship between race and two key aspects of patient engagement-patient activation and working alliance-among a sample of African-American and White veterans (N = 152) seeking medication management for mental health conditions. After adjusting for demographics, race was significantly associated with patient activation, working alliance, and medication adherence scores. Patient activation was also associated with working alliance. These results provide support for the consideration of race and ethnicity in facilitating patient engagement and patient activation in mental healthcare...
December 1, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903376/-the-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-southeast-chinese-middle-aged-men
#11
S W Shen, Y Lu, H J Qi, C J Yang, Y P Wang, F Li, K D Shui, Z H Shen
Objective: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in middle-aged men living in Su-Xi-Chang region and explore the relationship between health behavior and health factors. Methods: A total of 27 824 middle-aged men, who took part in health examination in the Center for Healthcare Management, Taihu Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were defined by the American Heart Association criteria with minor modification in that the amount of vegetable intake was replaced by salt intake...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903306/dementia-care-worker-stress-associations-with-unit-type-resident-and-work-environment-characteristics-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project-shurp
#12
Barbara Vogel, Sabina De Geest, Katharina Fierz, Sonja Beckmann, Franziska Zúñiga
BACKGROUND: Although caring for residents with dementia in nursing homes is associated with various stressors for care workers, the role of the unit type, and particularly the proportion of residents with dementia, remains unclear. This study aimed to explore associations between unit type and care worker stress, taking into account additional potential stressors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was a secondary data analysis in the Swiss Nursing Homes Human Resources Project, which included data from 3,922 care workers from 156 Swiss nursing homes...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902672/essential-content-for-discharge-instructions-in-pediatric-emergency-care-a-delphi-study
#13
Janet A Curran, Andrea Murphy, Emma Burns, Amy Plint, Monica Taljaard, Shannon MacPhee, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Andrea Bishop, Jill Chorney, Megan Bourque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 5 most essential discharge instruction content elements that should be communicated to all caregivers of children who present to the emergency department (ED) with asthma, vomiting/diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, minor head injury, or bronchiolitis. METHODS: A discharge information content list was developed for each illness presentation following a review of the literature. Using a modified Delphi technique, 6 lists were distributed to a panel of experts from EDs across Canada using a secure online survey tool with the goal of achieving the 5 most essential discharge instruction elements...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902132/tackling-racism-in-the-nhs
#14
Erin Dean
Essential facts Trade union Unite has developed a policy briefing on a new toolkit to combat racism in the NHS. It can help nurses and other staff tackle racial discrimination in health, with black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses often treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900640/statistical-effects-of-religious-participation-and-marriage-on-substance-use-and-abuse-in-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#15
Kristine Ria Hearld, Amy Badham, Henna Budhwani
Substance use and abuse, which includes alcohol use, alcohol dependence, drug use, and drug dependence, inflicts a substantial toll on Americans. Although studies have demonstrated the protective effect of social support, such as religious participation and via marriage, understanding their influence on racial and ethnic minorities is limited. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the impact of social support on substance use and abuse in racial and ethnic minorities. The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys, sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, a repository of race, ethnicity, and mental health data, was leveraged to develop four models using multivariate analysis, specifically logistic regression to estimate the probability of meeting the criteria for substance use and abuse...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899479/a-formative-review-of-physical-activity-interventions-for-minority-ethnic-populations-in-england
#16
E Such, S Salway, R Copeland, S Haake, S Domone, S Mann
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels are lower among some UK Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups than the majority White British population and a variety of tailored interventions have emerged. This study documents the characteristics and logic of local adaptations, a vital first step in evaluating such innovations. METHODS: An English PA data set was examined to identify and characterize PA programmes focussed on BME populations. Three case studies were conducted, employing documentary analysis and qualitative interviews...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899477/mental-health-coverage-in-needs-assessments-and-associated-opportunities
#17
Jonathan Campion, Claire Coombes, Neel Bhaduri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders account for almost a third of UK disease burden. Cost effective public mental health interventions have broad public health relevant impacts. Since coverage of such interventions is low, assessment of local coverage is important. METHODS: A total of 23 Joint Strategic Needs Assessments (JSNAs) around London were assessed for different mental health intelligence. RESULTS: Mental health was poorly covered and difficult to locate in JSNAs...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899339/engaging-moms-on-teen-indoor-tanning-through-social-media-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sherry L Pagoto, Katie Baker, Julia Griffith, Jessica L Oleski, Ashley Palumbo, Barbara J Walkosz, Joel Hillhouse, Kimberly L Henry, David B Buller
BACKGROUND: Indoor tanning elevates the risk for melanoma, which is now the most common cancer in US women aged 25-29. Public policies restricting access to indoor tanning by minors to reduce melanoma morbidity and mortality in teens are emerging. In the United States, the most common policy restricting indoor tanning in minors involves parents providing either written or in person consent for the minor to purchase a tanning visit. The effectiveness of this policy relies on parents being properly educated about the harms of indoor tanning to their children...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899076/the-kaiser-permanente-northern-california-research-program-on-genes-environment-and-health-rpgeh-pregnancy-cohort-study-design-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics
#19
M M Hedderson, A Ferrara, L A Avalos, S K Van den Eeden, E P Gunderson, D K Li, A Altschuler, S Woo, S Rowell, V Choudhary, F Xu, T Flanagan, C Schaefer, L A Croen
BACKGROUND: Exposures during the prenatal period may have lasting effects on maternal and child health outcomes. To better understand the effects of the in utero environment on children's short- and long-term health, large representative pregnancy cohorts with comprehensive information on a broad range of environmental influences (including biological and behavioral) and the ability to link to prenatal, child and maternal health outcomes are needed. The Research Program on Genes, Environment and Health (RPGEH) pregnancy cohort at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) was established to create a resource for conducting research to better understand factors influencing women's and children's health...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#20
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
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