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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656058/engaging-vulnerable-populations-in-parent-led-support-groups-testing-a-recruitment-strategy
#1
Louis D Brown, Adeniyi A Adeboye, Rafeek A Yusuf, Pooja Chaudhary
Despite the proven benefits of parenting interventions, parent engagement in such interventions remains low and is particularly challenging among vulnerable populations. This theoretically grounded study tested the effectiveness of a recruitment strategy - a simulated parent-led support group (PSG) - to increase intentions to attend a PSG in a predominantly low income, minority sample. The study also examined sociodemographic characteristics that may influence the effectiveness of the recruitment strategy and engagement in PSGs...
April 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655830/medicare-expenditures-by-race-ethnicity-after-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#2
Boback Ziaeian, Paul A Heidenreich, Haolin Xu, Adam D DeVore, Roland A Matsouaka, Adrian F Hernandez, Deepak L Bhatt, Clyde W Yancy, Gregg C Fonarow
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze cumulative Medicare expenditures at index admission and after discharge by race or ethnicity. BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a growing proportion of heart failure (HF) admissions. Research on health care expenditures for patients with HFpEF is limited. METHODS: Records of patients discharged from the Get With The Guidelines-Heart Failure registry between 2006 and 2014 were linked to Medicare data...
April 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655823/heart-failure-costs-minority-populations-and-outcomes-targeting-health-status-not-utilization-to-bend-the-cost-effectiveness-curve
#3
EDITORIAL
Marvin A Konstam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655555/effects-of-treatment-of-preweaning-dairy-calves-with-recombinant-bovine-somatotropin-on-immune-responses-and-somatotropic-axis
#4
A L Belli, R B Reis, A Veronese, R Moreira, K Flanagan, J Driver, C D Nelson, J A Clapper, M A Ballou, K C Jeong, R C Chebel
Weaning may be associated with negative energy balance and body weight loss when calves are still immunologically immature, predisposing them to infectious diseases. The aim of the present experiment was to investigate the effects of treatment of preweaning dairy calves with recombinant bovine somatotropin (rbST) on the somatotropic axis, selected immune parameters, and hematology of calves around weaning. Thirty-six Holstein female calves were randomly assigned to receive 1.5 to 1.8 mg of rbST (Posilac, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) per kilogram of body weight or to receive injections of saline (saline solution 0...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653301/the-moderating-role-of-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-binge-eating-symptoms-among-young-adult-women
#5
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Rebecca C Kamody, Sylvia Herbozo, Caroline Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence and young adulthood are developmental periods during the life course that are sometimes associated with heightened stress and engagement in binge eating. Binge eating has been linked to psychiatric comorbidity, poorer physical health, and lower quality of life. However, less is known about protective factors that could buffer against binge eating behaviors. The current study examined the moderating role of resilience on the relationship between perceived stress and binge eating symptoms among emerging adult female college students...
April 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652972/-genetic-analysis-of-the-mutations-in-hiv-1-infected-population-in-ecuador
#6
Manuel González-González, Consuelo Correa-Sierra, Katherine Hermida-Álava, Ana Machado-Díaz, L Fernando Gómez-Andrade, Martha Castillo-Segovia, C Lissette Pérez-Santos, Vivian Kourí-Cardellá
Background The international recommendations of antiretroviral treatment include resistance tests to guide the treatment regimen in each patient, which is not available on a regular basis in Ecuador. Aim To describe mutations that confer resistance to antiretrovirals in a population of Ecuadorian patients. Methods Plasma samples from 101 HIV-1 patients with failure to antiretroviral therapy, divided into 15 children and 86 adults, were studied with the GS Junior (Roche) and the sequences were analyzed with the DeepChek program...
2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650498/five-years-post-nirbhaya-critical-insights-into-the-status-of-response-to-sexual-assault
#7
Sunita Vs Bandewar, Amita Pitre, Lakshmi Lingam
It is five years since the fatal gang rape of Jyothi Singh (Nirbhaya), a physiotherapy student, on December 16, 2012, in New Delhi, the capital of India. The legal and policy reforms triggered by the Nirbhaya case will remain a watershed moment in the history of efforts towards seeking justice for survivors of gender-based violence in India. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 and the "Guidelines and protocols: Medico-legal care for survivors/victims of sexual violence" issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in March 2014 are two landmark reforms...
March 28, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650073/the-clinical-examination-and-socially-at-risk-populations-the-examination-matters-for-health-disparities
#8
REVIEW
Karly A Murphy, Alejandra Ellison-Barnes, Erica N Johnson, Lisa A Cooper
Data from the United States show that persons from low socioeconomic backgrounds, those who are socially isolated, belong to racial or ethnic minority groups, or identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender experience health disparities at a higher rate. Clinicians must transition from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial framework within the clinical examination to better address social determinants of health that contribute to health disparities. We review the characteristics of successful patient-clinician interactions...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649390/trends-and-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccination
#9
Shamly Austin, Zo Ramamonjiarivelo, DeLawnia Comer-HaGans, Maria Pisu
Even though pneumococcal vaccination recommendations have been in existence since 1983, vaccination rates are low in the United States. This study analyzed 5-year trends in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination uptake across racial/ethnic groups of individuals aged ≥65 years and high-risk individuals aged 19-64 years. Further, it examined factors that may explain the association between race/ethnicity and vaccination uptake. The 2011-2015 annual Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data were used to determine trends...
March 12, 2018: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648957/asthma-among-household-youth-on-racial-minority-operated-farms-united-states-2008
#10
Girija Syamlal, Kitty Hendricks, Jacek M Mazurek
OBJECTIVES: Youth on farms are at risk for injuries and illnesses, including asthma, which continues to disproportionately affect minority groups. METHODS: For this study, the 2008 Minority Farm Operator Childhood Agricultural Injury Survey (M-CAIS) data were used to estimate the prevalence of asthma among youth aged 0-19 years living on racial minority-operated farms. Youth were considered to have a lifetime diagnosis of asthma based on an affirmative response to the question "Has he/she ever been diagnosed as having asthma by a health professional?" RESULTS: In 2008, of the estimated 37,400 youth (0-19 years) who lived on racial minority operated farms, 11% had asthma...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644927/disease-specific-clinical-pathways-are-they-feasible-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Anders Grimsmo, Audhild Løhre, Tove Røsstad, Ingunn Gjerde, Ina Heiberg, Aslak Steinsbekk
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of disease-specific clinical pathways when used in primary care. DESIGN: A mixed-method sequential exploratory design was used. First, merging and exploring quality interview data across two cases of collaboration between the specialist care and primary care on the introduction of clinical pathways for four selected chronic diseases. Secondly, using quantitative data covering a population of 214,700 to validate and test hypothesis derived from the qualitative findings...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643743/evidence-based-approaches-to-reduce-cancer-health-disparities-discover-develop-deliver-and-disseminate
#12
Priyanka P Desai, Jana B Lampe, Sulaimon A Bakre, Riyaz M Basha, Harlan P Jones, Jamboor K Vishwanatha
The Texas Center for Health Disparities (TCHD) at the University of North Texas Health Science Center is a National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities-funded, specialized center of excellence for health disparities. TCHD organized its 12th annual conference focusing on "Evidence-Based Approaches to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities: Discover, Develop, Deliver, and Disseminate." At this conference, experts in health care, biomedical sciences, and public health gathered to discuss the current status and strategies for reducing cancer health disparities...
2018: Journal of Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643112/what-they-say-and-what-they-do-comparing-physical-activity-across-the-usa-england-and-the-netherlands
#13
Arie Kapteyn, James Banks, Mark Hamer, James P Smith, Andrew Steptoe, Arthur van Soest, Annemarie Koster, Saw Htay Wah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is important for maintaining health, but there are fundamental unanswered questions on how best it should be measured. METHODS: We measured PA in the Netherlands (n=748), the USA (n=540) and England (n=254), both by a 7 day wrist-worn accelerometer and by self-reports. The self-reports included a global self-report on PA and a report on the frequency of vigorous, moderate and mild activity. RESULTS: The self-reported data showed only minor differences across countries and across groups within countries (such as different age groups or working vs non-working respondents)...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#14
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642973/enhancing-health-literacy-through-co-design-development-of-culturally-appropriate-materials-on-genetic-risk-and-customary-consanguineous-marriage
#15
Parveen Azam Ali, Sarah Salway, Elizabeth Such, Andrew Dearden, Matt Willox
AimTo develop a simple health literacy intervention aimed at supporting informed reproductive choice among members of UK communities practising customary consanguineous marriage. BACKGROUND: The contribution of 'health literacy' to reducing health inequalities and improving primary health-care efficiency is increasingly recognised. Enhancing genetic literacy has received particular attention recently. Consanguineous marriage is customarily practised among some UK minority ethnic communities and carries some increased risk of recessive genetic disorders among offspring compared with unions among unrelated partners...
April 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642833/-management-and-treatment-difficulties-of-multi-drug-resistant-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-pediatric-case
#16
Selda Hançerli Törün, Emine Manolya Acar, Ayper Somer, Gonca Erköse, Dilek Şatana, Zuhal Bayramoğlu, Emine Çalışkan, Zeki Kılıçaslan
Tuberculosis continues to be a major health problem worldwide. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) infection that occurs in childhood is caused by adult MDR-TB agents which are in circulation and resistant to primary drugs. In this case report a 17-month-old child with MDR-TB who was cured after a 24-month therapy regimen was presented. Physical examination of a 17-month-old girl admitted to the hospital with the cause of recurrent pneumonia revealed a rubbery lymphadenopathy less than 2 cm in the right upper cervical region...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630024/an-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-pharmacist-prescribed-hormonal-contraceptives-in-california
#17
Priya Batra, Sally Rafie, Zhiwei Zhang, Amay V Singh, Chloe E Bird, Aparna Sridhar, J Greer Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives in California after a recent expansion of pharmacists' scope of practice. METHODS: A probability sample of 480 licensed California retail pharmacies (stratified by nonrural or rural location and independent or chain status) was included in a cross-sectional "secret shopper" telephone survey assessing the availability of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives and service details...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629922/medicaid-managed-care-in-florida-and-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-preventable-emergency-department-visits
#18
Tianyan Hu, Karoline Mortensen, Jie Chen
BACKGROUND: In an effort to address health care spending growth, coordinate care, and improve access to primary care in the Medicaid program, Florida implemented the Statewide Mandatory Managed Care (SMMC) program in May of 2014. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of implementation of mandatory managed care in Medicaid on the preventable emergency department (ED) utilizations, with a focus on racial/ethnic minorities. RESEARCH DESIGN: The primary data source is the universe of Florida ED visit and inpatient discharge data from 2010 to 2015, maintained by the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration...
April 7, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629813/summative-report-on-time-out-of-play-for-major-and-minor-league-baseball-an-analysis-of-49-955-injuries-from-2011-through-2016
#19
Christopher L Camp, Joshua S Dines, Jelle P van der List, Stan Conte, Justin Conway, David W Altchek, Struan H Coleman, Andrew D Pearle
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiologic reports have demonstrated rising injury rates in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MiLB). Although several studies have recently been published on specific injuries, the majority of injuries have not yet been formally studied. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to (1) generate a summative analysis of all injuries that occur in MLB and MiLB, (2) identify the 50 most common injuries, and (3) generate focused reports and fact sheets on the characteristics of each of those diagnoses...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627601/cyp1a1-gene-polymorphisms-modify-the-association-between-pm-10-exposure-and-lung-function
#20
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Ho Park, Yong-Seok Seo, Thomas M Holsen, Philip K Hopke, Joohon Sung, Ho-Young Son, Jae Moon Yun, Hyuktae Kwon, Belong Cho, Jong-Il Kim
Genetic epidemiological studies have provided evidence that several genes modify the link between air pollution and lung function. We assessed whether the adverse impacts of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10 ) on lung function are modified by CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms in Korean adults. We used health check-up data from 1817 men, and the annual mean concentrations of ambient PM10 estimated from the ambient data. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP1A1 were selected for our study...
March 30, 2018: Chemosphere
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