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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441452/systematic-review-finds-that-study-data-not-published-in-full-text-articles-have-unclear-impact-on-meta-analyses-results-in-medical-research
#1
Christine M Schmucker, Anette Blümle, Lisa K Schell, Guido Schwarzer, Patrick Oeller, Laura Cabrera, Erik von Elm, Matthias Briel, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis as part of a systematic review aims to provide a thorough, comprehensive and unbiased statistical summary of data from the literature. However, relevant study results could be missing from a meta-analysis because of selective publication and inadequate dissemination. If missing outcome data differ systematically from published ones, a meta-analysis will be biased with an inaccurate assessment of the intervention effect. As part of the EU-funded OPEN project (www...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441373/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-interventions-to-reduce-risk-of-aspiration-in-elderly-cancer-survivors-residing-in-skilled-nursing-facilities
#2
S Mantravadi
BACKGROUND: Aspiration can occur in patients of any age group, but it can be prevented. The primary population at risk is made up of survivors of cancer because of their increased risk of mucositis, mucosal atrophy, and dysphagia associated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and the disease process itself. The rate of incidence of aspiration cannot be quantified, because minor cases of aspiration often go unreported. Sequelae ensuing from aspirations can include pneumonia, end-stage kidney disease, dialysis, and death...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#3
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439912/older-migrants-in-exile-the-past-holding-hands-with-the-present-a-qualitative-study
#4
Dorthe Nielsen, Lisbeth Minet, Lina Zeraiq, Dlama Nggida Rasmussen, Morten Sodemann
The aim of this study was to explore the everyday life conditions experienced by older migrants and their reasons for specific age- and health-related behaviour during the conduct of everyday life. The study comprised 16 qualitative interviews with migrants aged 56-96 years from Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq and Somalia. The three themes that emerged from the conditions, meanings and reasons analysis illustrated that the older persons were trapped in various ways -without language, in fragmented families and in an unfamiliar structure...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439184/systemic-inflammation-and-viral-exposure-among-young-mexican-american-women-nativity-related-differences
#5
Natalya Rosenberg, Martha L Daviglus, Holli A DeVon, Chang Gi Park, Kamal Eldeirawi
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to elevated inflammation in racial/ethnic minority populations are not well understood. We examined the association of viral exposure with C-reactive protein (CRP) in young Mexican American women. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (N=1,141) were currently non-pregnant women of Mexican background, aged 18-39 years, from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010. Viral exposure was defined as seropositive status for hepatitis B, and herpes simplex types 1 and 2, and classified as seronegative, seropositive for any one agent, and seropositive for 2 or 3 agents...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439180/enhancing-diversity-in-biomedical-data-science
#6
Judith E Canner, Archana J McEligot, María-Eglée Pérez, Lei Qian, Xinzhi Zhang
The gap in educational attainment separating underrepresented minorities from Whites and Asians remains wide. Such a gap has significant impact on workforce diversity and inclusion among cross-cutting Biomedical Data Science (BDS) research, which presents great opportunities as well as major challenges for addressing health disparities. This article provides a brief description of the newly established National Institutes of Health Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) diversity initiatives at four universities: California State University, Monterey Bay; Fisk University; University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus; and California State University, Fullerton...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439179/big-data-science-opportunities-and-challenges-to-address-minority-health-and-health-disparities-in-the-21st-century
#7
Xinzhi Zhang, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Philip E Bourne, Emmanuel Peprah, O Kenrik Duru, Nancy Breen, David Berrigan, Fred Wood, James S Jackson, David W S Wong, Joshua Denny
Addressing minority health and health disparities has been a missing piece of the puzzle in Big Data science. This article focuses on three priority opportunities that Big Data science may offer to the reduction of health and health care disparities. One opportunity is to incorporate standardized information on demographic and social determinants in electronic health records in order to target ways to improve quality of care for the most disadvantaged populations over time. A second opportunity is to enhance public health surveillance by linking geographical variables and social determinants of health for geographically defined populations to clinical data and health outcomes...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439143/dynamics-of-urban-informal-labor-supply-in-the-united-states
#8
Samara R Gunter
OBJECTIVE: This study provides the first panel data estimates of informal work in the US and explores relationships between informal- and regular-sector participation among urban parents of young children. METHODS: I examine determinants of informal-sector participation in five waves of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study using probit, pooled Tobit, and fixed effects OLS models. RESULTS: Approximately 53 percent of urban fathers and 32 percent of urban mothers with young children pursue informal work over a nine-year period...
March 2017: Social Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438169/ivermectin-and-malaria-control
#9
Satoshi Ōmura, Andy Crump
As the world begins to realize the very real prospect of eliminating malaria as a public health problem globally, the scientific community is acutely aware that novel and innovative new tools will be required if that lofty goal is to be accomplished. Moreover, the need for comprehensive, integrated products and interventions is being recognized in order for the critical 'final steps' toward elimination to be taken successfully. Failure to take these crucial last steps have dogged all past global disease elimination programmes, except for smallpox...
April 24, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438160/use-of-oral-health-care-services-in-finnish-adults-results-from-the-cross-sectional-health-2000-and-2011-surveys
#10
Anna L Suominen, Sari Helminen, Satu Lahti, Miira M Vehkalahti, Matti Knuuttila, Sinikka Varsio, Anne Nordblad
BACKGROUND: During the 2000s, two major legislative reforms concerning oral health care have been implemented in Finland. One entitled the whole population to subsidized care and the other regulated the timeframes of access to care. Our aim was, in a cross-sectional setting, to assess changes in and determinants of use of oral health care services before the first reform in 2000 and after both reforms in 2011. METHODS: The data were part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys of adults aged ≥ 30 years and were gathered by interviews and questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437868/early-mortality-and-overall-survival-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-based-on-facility-type
#11
Vijaya R Bhatt, Valerie Shostrom, Smith Giri, Krishna Gundabolu, K M Monirul Islam, Frederick R Appelbaum, Lori J Maness
Cancer health disparities may exist based on the facility type. We aimed to determine the association between the academic status of centers and outcomes of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using the National Cancer Data Base, we compared one-month mortality and longer-term overall survival (OS) of 60,738 patients with AML, who received first course treatment between 2003-2011 at academic or non-academic centers (community cancer program, comprehensive community cancer program, and others). Multivariate analysis was done using logistic regression for one-month mortality and Cox regression with backward elimination approach for OS...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437523/emergency-department-query-for-patient-centered-approaches-to-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-the-equality-study
#12
Adil H Haider, Eric B Schneider, Lisa M Kodadek, Rachel R Adler, Anju Ranjit, Maya Torain, Ryan Y Shields, Claire Snyder, Jeremiah D Schuur, Laura Vail, Danielle German, Susan Peterson, Brandyn D Lau
Importance: The Institute of Medicine and The Joint Commission recommend routine documentation of patients' sexual orientation in health care settings. Currently, very few health care systems collect these data since patient preferences and health care professionals' support regarding collection of data about patient sexual orientation are unknown. Objective: To identify the optimal patient-centered approach to collect sexual orientation data in the emergency department (ED) in the Emergency Department Query for Patient-Centered Approaches to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity study...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436761/androgen-and-estrogen-shifts-in-men-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery-and-links-to-vitamins-and-trace-elements
#13
Alberto Rosenblatt, Joel Faintuch, Ivan Cecconello
Androgens and estrogens play a key role regarding sexual life and reproduction. Along with hypotestosteronemia, obese men exhibit a 2-fold increase in estradiol concentration, adversely infl uencing these parameters. Estrogens and adipokines also infl uence bone metabolism, exerting a direct effect on vitamin D, calcium homeostasis and bone health. Bariatric procedures normalize some sex hormones, and may reverse several obesity-related conditions. Estrogens levels may remain elevated postoperatively, and despite its protective effect on the skeleton, bariatric patients are more prone to fractures when compared to the general population...
April 24, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436265/recruiting-african-american-children-for-research-an-ecological-systems-theory-approach
#14
Diane Graves, Jane P Sheldon
With health disparities still pervasive and persistent in the United States, medical researchers and social scientists continue to develop recruitment strategies to increase the inclusion of racial/ethnic minority groups in research and interventions. Effective methods for recruiting samples of African American participants for pediatric research may be best understood when situated within an overarching conceptual model-one that serves to organize and explain effective recruitment strategies. A theoretical framework well suited for this purpose is Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory, which views individuals as influencing and being influenced by (both directly and indirectly) a series of interconnected social systems...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435421/translating-the-patient-perception-of-integrated-care-survey-to-measure-integrated-care-in-the-netherlands-combining-equivalence-and-contextualization-approaches-for-optimal-results
#15
Maike V Tietschert, Federica Angeli, Arno J A van Raak, Sara J Singer, Dirk Ruwaard
INTRODUCTION: An increase in initiatives to improve integration of care provides the need for instruments that assess the degree of integrated care as perceived by patients across cultural contexts. This article aims to explain the relevance of equivalence and contextualization approaches in translating and adapting the Patient Perception of Integrated Care Survey developed in the US for use in the Netherlands. THEORY AND METHODS: The World Health Organization guidelines guided the translation and adaptation, including a forward-backward translation and patient-feedback through informal contacts (N4) and cognitive interviews (N14)...
August 23, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435342/patient-web-portals-disease-management-and-primary-prevention
#16
REVIEW
Steven S Coughlin, Judith J Prochaska, Lovoria B Williams, Gina M Besenyi, Vahé Heboyan, D Stephen Goggans, Wonsuk Yoo, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: Efforts aimed at health care reform and continued advances in information technologies have prompted interest among providers and researchers in patient web portals. Patient web portals are password-protected online websites that offer the patients 24-hour access to personal health information from anywhere with an Internet connection. METHODS: This article, which is based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed, reviews important developments in web portals for primary and secondary disease prevention, including patient web portals tethered to electronic medical records, disease-specific portals, health disparities, and health-related community web portals...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434182/recent-trends-in-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-police-detainees-in-new-zealand-2010-2015
#17
Chris Wilkins, Jitesh Prasad, Karl Parker, Marta Rychert, Helen Moewaka Barnes
BACKGROUND: New Zealand has unusual patterns of recreational substance use by international standards including low levels of cocaine and heroin use, and high methamphetamine use. AIMS: This paper examines recent trends in alcohol and other drug use among police detainees in New Zealand over the past six years. METHOD: The paper utilises data from the New Zealand Arrestee Drug Use Monitoring (NZ-ADUM) study. NZ-ADUM interviewed approximately 800 police detainees each year at four central city police watch houses (i...
April 23, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434094/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-colorectal-cancer-patients
#18
REVIEW
Catherine E Mosher, Joseph G Winger, Barbara A Given, Safi Shahda, Paul R Helft
PURPOSE: A significant minority of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients experience clinically meaningful distress that may warrant intervention. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the impact of psychosocial interventions on quality-of-life and psychosocial outcomes for CRC patients. METHODS: A systematic search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PsycARTICLES was undertaken to obtain relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published through October 2016...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433398/multi-state-survey-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-brazil
#19
C Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, M C Padoveze, C R Veiga Kiffer, A L Barth, Irna C do Rosário Souza Carneiro, H I Garcia Giamberardino, J L Nobre Rodrigues, L Santos Filho, M J Gonçalves de Mello, M Severino Pereira, P Pinto Gontijo Filho, M Rocha, E A Servolo de Medeiros, A C Campos Pignatari
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) challenge public health in developing countries such as Brazil, which harbour social inequalities and variations in the complexity of healthcare and regional development. AIM: To describe the prevalence of HCAIs in hospitals in a sample of hospitals in Brazil. METHODS: A prevalence survey conducted in 2011-13 enrolled 152 hospitals from the five macro-regions in Brazil. Hospitals were classified as large (≥200 beds), medium (50-199 beds) or small sized (<50 beds)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431923/sources-of-racial-disparities-in-hiv-prevalence-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-atlanta-ga-usa-a-modelling-study
#20
Steven M Goodreau, Eli S Rosenberg, Samuel M Jenness, Nicole Luisi, Sarah E Stansfield, Gregorio A Millett, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: In the USA, men who have sex men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV, and black MSM have a substantially higher prevalence of infection than white MSM. We created a simulation model to assess the strength of existing hypotheses and data that account for these disparities. METHODS: We built a dynamic, stochastic, agent-based network model of black and white MSM aged 18-39 years in Atlanta, GA, USA, that incorporated race-specific individual and dyadic-level prevention and risk behaviours, network attributes, and care patterns...
April 18, 2017: Lancet HIV
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