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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234742/tooth-movement-with-elastic-separators-before-ceramic-veneer-treatment-rearranging-asymmetric-diastemas-by-managing-the-horizontal-distance
#1
Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Brenda Procopiak Gugelmin, Ubiracy Gaião, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Gisele Maria Correr
The treatment of diastemas should be conservative to preserve tooth structure, and porcelain veneers provide an esthetic solution with minimal tooth preparation. However, asymmetric diastemas can be difficult to treat and may require redistribution of spaces. Additionally, extensive proximal restorations may negatively impact periodontal health. Minor tooth movement with elastic separators can be used to redistribute the interdental spaces and provide space for the interdental papilla. The aim of this paper was to present a clinical treatment involving the movement of peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors with elastic separators to rearrange the spaces of asymmetric diastemas, thereby managing the horizontal distance during rehabilitation of the smile with minimally invasive ceramic veneers...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234292/criterion-and-divergent-validity-of-the-sexual-minority-adolescent-stress-inventory
#2
Jeremy T Goldbach, Sheree M Schrager, Mary R Mamey
Sexual minority adolescents (SMA) consistently report health disparities compared to their heterosexual counterparts, yet the underlying mechanisms of these negative health outcomes remain unclear. The predominant explanatory model is the minority stress theory; however, this model was developed largely with adults, and no valid and comprehensive measure of minority stress has been developed for adolescents. The present study validated a newly developed instrument to measure minority stress among racially and ethnically diverse SMA...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233109/prevalence-and-correlates-of-substance-use-among-health-care-students-in-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Bimala Panthee, Suresh Panthee, Saroj Gyawali, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Substance use among health care students threatens professional standards and the delivery of quality services, potentially placing the public at risk. Therefore, our study aims to determine the prevalence and correlates associated with substance use among Nepalese health care students. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered health professional questionnaire was conducted among pharmacy, nursing, and public health students at three universities in Nepal in 2010...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233087/stroke-prevention-rehabilitation-intervention-trial-of-exercise-sprite-a-randomised-feasibility-study
#4
Neil Heron, Frank Kee, Jonathan Mant, Philip M Reilly, Margaret Cupples, Mark Tully, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The value of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke is untested despite these conditions sharing similar pathology and risk factors to coronary heart disease. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a trial of an adapted home-based CR programme, 'The Healthy Brain Rehabilitation Manual', for patients following a TIA/minor stroke, participants' views on the intervention and, to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
December 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232867/race-ethnicity-income-concentration-and-10-year-change-in-urban-greenness-in-the-united-states
#5
Joan A Casey, Peter James, Lara Cushing, Bill M Jesdale, Rachel Morello-Frosch
Background: Cross-sectional studies suggest urban greenness is unequally distributed by neighborhood demographics. However, the extent to which inequalities in greenness have changed over time remains unknown. Methods: We estimated 2001 and 2011 greenness using Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite-derived normalized difference vegetative index (NDVI) in 59,483 urban census tracts in the contiguous U.S. We fit spatial error models to estimate the association between baseline census tract demographic composition in 2000 and (1) 2001 greenness and (2) change in greenness between 2001 and 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230502/-acceptance-of-post-mortem-organ-donation-in-germany-representative-cross-sectional-study
#6
E Tackmann, S Dettmer
BACKGROUND: The German post-mortem organ donation rate has dropped by one third since 2010. Furthermore, 958 patients died in 2015 in Germany while waiting for an organ. To decrease organ shortage, an amendment of the transplantation law was established in 2012. An information package including an organ donor card is sent to all German citizens via the postal service. A voluntary national transplantation register was introduced in 2016 to improve transparency in the organ donation process...
December 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230428/an-account-from-the-inside-examining-the-emotional-impact-of-qualitative-research-through-the-lens-of-insider-research
#7
Lori E Ross
The benefits and challenges of insider positionality have been much written about in relation to qualitative research. However, the specific emotional implications of insider research have been little explored. In this manuscript, I aim to bring the literature on insider positionality to the study of emotion in qualitative research through a reflection on my experiences as a "total insider" conducting interviews for a longitudinal qualitative study examining mental health during the transition to parenthood among sexual minority women...
November 2017: Qualitative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228985/investigating-the-burden-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Hannah Lishman, Paul Aylin, Vivian Alividza, Enrique Castro-Sanchez, Anuja Chatterjee, Victor Mariano, Alan P Johnson, Samir Jeraj, Céire Costelloe
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an urgent problem globally, with overuse and misuse of antibiotics being one of the main drivers of antibiotic-resistant infections. There is increasing evidence that the burden of community-acquired infections such as urinary tract infections and bloodstream infections (both susceptible and resistant) may differ by ethnicity, although the reasons behind this relationship are not well defined. It has been demonstrated that socioeconomic status and ethnicity are often highly correlated with each other; however, it is not yet known whether accounting for deprivation completely explains any discrepancy seen in infection risk...
December 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228961/does-the-edge-effect-impact-on-the-measure-of-spatial-accessibility-to-healthcare-providers
#9
Fei Gao, Wahida Kihal, Nolwenn Le Meur, Marc Souris, Séverine Deguen
BACKGROUND: Spatial accessibility indices are increasingly applied when investigating inequalities in health. Although most studies are making mentions of potential errors caused by the edge effect, many acknowledge having neglected to consider this concern by establishing spatial analyses within a finite region, settling for hypothesizing that accessibility to facilities will be under-reported. Our study seeks to assess the effect of edge on the accuracy of defining healthcare provider access by comparing healthcare provider accessibility accounting or not for the edge effect, in a real-world application...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227909/navigating-the-no-man-s-land-of-tki-failed-egfr-mutated-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Bryan Oronsky, Patrick Ma, Tony R Reid, Pedro Cabrales, Michelle Lybeck, Arnold Oronsky, Neil Oronsky, Corey A Carter
As the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, lung cancer is a worldwide health issue that is overwhelmingly caused by smoking. However, a substantial minority (~25%) of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has never smoked. In these patients, activating mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are more likely, which render their tumors susceptible for a finite period to treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and confer a better prognosis than EGFR wild-type NSCLC...
December 8, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227222/the-future-of-research-on-alcohol-related-disparities-across-u-s-racial-ethnic-groups-a-plan-of-attack
#11
Sarah E Zemore, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Nina Mulia, William C Kerr, Cindy L Ehlers, Won Kim Cook, Priscilla Martinez, Camillia Lui, Thomas K Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests striking disparities in alcohol use, problems, and treatment across racial/ethnic groups in the United States. However, research on alcohol-related disparities affecting racial/ethnic minorities remains in its developmental stages. The current article aims to support future research in this growing field by highlighting some of the most important findings, questions, and approaches, focusing on psychosocial research. METHOD: This article advances seven research needs (i...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227205/sexual-violence-against-men-and-boys-in-conflict-and-forced-displacement-implications-for-the-health-sector
#12
Sarah K Chynoweth, Julie Freccero, Heleen Touquet
Sexual violence against men and boys is commonplace in many conflict-affected settings and may be frequent in relation to forced displacement as well. Adolescent boys, forming the majority of unaccompanied minors globally, are a particularly vulnerable group. Yet sensitised health services for adult and adolescent male sexual violence survivors are scarce, and barriers to accessing care remain high. We describe current challenges and gaps in the provision of health care for male survivors in settings affected by conflict and forced displacement, and provide suggestions on how to improve service provision and uptake...
December 11, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226997/participation-and-interest-in-support-services-among-family-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#13
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Allison J Applebaum, Katherine Ornstein, Andres Azuero, Paula P Warren, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Rocque, Elizabeth Kvale, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Maria Pisu, Edward Partridge, Michelle Y Martin, Marie Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: To describe distressed and underprepared family caregiver's use of and interest in formal support services (e.g., professional counseling, education, organizational assistance). METHODS: Cross-sectional mail survey conducted in communities of eight cancer centers in Tennessee, Alabama, and Florida (response rate: 42%). Family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head and neck, hematologic, and stage IV cancers reported support service use and completed validated measures of depression, anxiety, burden, preparedness, and health...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226695/racial-disparities-in-health-and-health-behaviors-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-the-brfss-sop
#14
Zelma Tuthill, Justin T Denney, Bridget Gorman
OBJECTIVES: Research on sexual minority health lack examinations of how sexual orientation intersects with other identities, including racial/ethnic identity, to shape health outcomes among U.S. adults. This study examines how health status and health behavior varies for gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women who identify as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaskan Native. By examining health and health behaviors within and across sexual minority subgroups, our study reports on race/ethnic, gender, and sexual orientation specific health risks...
December 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226450/barriers-to-care-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#15
Gilbert Gonzales, Carrie Henning-Smith
Policy Points: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults may experience barriers to care for a variety of reasons, including discrimination and lack of awareness by providers in health care settings. In our analysis of a large, population-based sample, we found transgender and GNC adults were more likely to be uninsured and have unmet health care needs, and were less likely to have routine care, compared to cisgender (nontransgender) women. Our findings varied by gender identity. More research is needed on transgender and GNC populations, including on how public policy and provider awareness affects health care access and health outcomes differentially by gender identity...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226266/the-influence-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-becoming-a-human-subject-factors-associated-with-participation-in-research
#16
Mary A Garza, Sandra Crouse Quinn, Yan Li, Luciana Assini-Meytin, Erica T Casper, Craig S Fryer, James Butler, Natasha A Brown, Kevin H Kim, Stephen B Thomas
INRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with willingness of African Americans and Latinos to participate in biomedical and public health research and to delineate factors that influences the decision to become a human subject. METHODS: We present results from a 2010 random digit-dial telephone survey of 2,455 African American (N= 1,191) and Latino (N= 1,264) adults. We used standard measures to assess knowledge of research, terminology, informed consent procedures, previous participation in research, health care experiences, social support, risk perception, religiousness, and trust...
September 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225413/outbreak-of-hospital-infection-from-biofilm-embedded-pan-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeroginosa-due-to-a-contaminated-bronchoscope
#17
Nader Alipour, Alper Karagoz, Abbas Taner, Nasrin Gaeini, Nastaran Alipour, Hassan Zeytin, Fatih Yildiz, Riza Durmaz
Background: Colistin-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) has been defined as pandrug-resistant (PDR) strain. Outbreaks of PDR P. aeruginosa especially in pulmonary tract infections due to contaminated bronchoscopes have rarely been reported. The emergence of pandrug-resistant strains in both CF (Cystic Fibrosis) and non-CF clinical isolates over recent years remains of a great concern. Hospital wards contaminated with PDR P. aeruginosa infection, must be shot down until their eradication...
2017: Tap Chi y Hoc du Phong, Journal of Preventive Medicine / Hoi y Hoc du Phong Viet Nam
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225409/school-context-and-american-indian-substance-use
#18
David Eitle, Maggie Thorsen, Tamela McNulty Eitle
The present study extends prior research exploring the role of school contextual factors in predicting individual adolescent substance use by examining how a school's racial composition is associated with American Indian adolescent tobacco and marijuana use. Using a subsample of 523 American Indian students from the restricted use Add Health data, we consider both individual and school contextual factors across 99 schools. Our results suggest that a school's racial composition is associated with individual tobacco and marijuana use among American Indian youth, but in different ways depending upon the substance...
December 2017: Social Science Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224988/linking-hiv-negative-youth-to-prevention-services-in-12-u-s-cities-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-the-hiv-prevention-continuum
#19
Mimi Doll, J Dennis Fortenberry, Denise Roseland, Kathleen McAuliff, Craig M Wilson, Cherrie B Boyer
PURPOSE: Linkage of HIV-negative youth to prevention services is increasingly important with the development of effective pre-exposure prophylaxis that complements behavioral and other prevention-focused interventions. However, effective infrastructure for delivery of prevention services does not exist, leaving many programs to address HIV prevention without data to guide program development/implementation. The objective of this study was to provide a qualitative description of barriers and facilitators of linkage to prevention services among high-risk, HIV-negative youth...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#20
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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