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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792051/predicting-suicide-attempts-and-suicide-deaths-following-outpatient-visits-using-electronic-health-records
#1
Gregory E Simon, Eric Johnson, Jean M Lawrence, Rebecca C Rossom, Brian Ahmedani, Frances L Lynch, Arne Beck, Beth Waitzfelder, Rebecca Ziebell, Robert B Penfold, Susan M Shortreed
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to develop and validate models using electronic health records to predict suicide attempt and suicide death following an outpatient visit. METHOD: Across seven health systems, 2,960,929 patients age 13 or older (mean age, 46 years; 62% female) made 10,275,853 specialty mental health visits and 9,685,206 primary care visits with mental health diagnoses between Jan. 1, 2009, and June 30, 2015. Health system records and state death certificate data identified suicide attempts (N=24,133) and suicide deaths (N=1,240) over 90 days following each visit...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791641/suicidal-ideation-and-attempt-of-older-women-in-northeastern-brazil
#2
Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Girliani Silva de Sousa, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, José Manuel Peixoto Caldas, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo
OBJECTIVE: to associate the life experiences of older women from the Northeast of Brazil with their suicidal ideation and attempts. METHOD: Qualitative study with fourteen older adults from Piripiri (PI), Teresina (PI), Fortaleza (CE) and Recife (PE) who were interviewed between November 2013 and July 2014. The organization of data originated the themes: experiences of abuse throughout their lives; marital fractures and social isolation; weakened motherhood. RESULTS: The women were born and lived most of their life in the countryside, amid poverty and social exclusion...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790155/dehydroepiandrosterone-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-levels-in-combat-veterans-with-or-without-a-history-of-suicide-attempt
#3
L Sher, J Flory, L Bierer, I Makotkine, R Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine whether combat veterans who have made a suicide attempt postdeployment can be distinguished from combat veterans who have never made a suicide attempt based on differences in psychological and biological variables. METHODS: Demographic and clinical parameters of suicide attempters and non-attempters were assessed. Blood samples were assayed for dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS)...
May 22, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789136/penetrating-trauma-in-children-on-the-united-states-mexico-border-hispanic-ethnicity-is-not-a-risk-factor
#4
Loc-Uyen T Vo, Clark Anderson, Samantha Thomas, Hannah Vernia, Jarett K Howe, Alan H Tyroch, Tamara N Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: The United States-Mexico border is perceived as dangerous by the media and current political leaders. Hispanic ethnicity, low socioeconomic status, male gender and adolescent age have previously been identified as risk factors for penetrating trauma (PT). METHODS: A retrospective review of PT was performed in a border region. Children 0-17 years old, admitted to the region's only level I trauma center between 2001 and 2016 were included. Standardized morbidity ratio was used to compare observed to expected morbidity...
May 17, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784210/associations-between-korean-adolescents-energy-drink-consumption-and-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#5
Ji-Su Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Yeji Seo
PURPOSE: This study examined associations between caffeinated energy drink consumption patterns and (1) participant characteristics and health-risk behaviors and (2) suicidal ideation and attempts in Korean adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 8961 adolescents who consumed the drinks more than once weekly. Data were analyzed via logistic regression. RESULTS: Rates of suicidal ideation and attempts in participants who consumed the drinks more than once daily were higher relative to those for participants who consumed the drinks 3-6 and 1-2 times weekly...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781668/the-brief-death-implicit-association-test-scoring-recommendations-reliability-validity-and-comparisons-with-the-death-implicit-association-test
#6
Alexander J Millner, Daniel D L Coppersmith, Bethany A Teachman, Matthew K Nock
Assessing suicidal thoughts and behaviors is difficult because at-risk individuals often fail to provide honest or accurate accounts of their suicidal thoughts or intentions. Research has shown that the Death Implicit Association Test (D-IAT), a behavioral test that measures implicit (i.e., outside of conscious control) associations between oneself and death concepts, can differentiate among people with different suicidal histories, such as those with different severity or recency of suicidal behaviors. We report here on the development and evaluation of a shorter and simpler version of the D-IAT called the Death Brief Implicit Association Test (D-BIAT)...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781661/suicide-risk-assessment-trust-an-implicit-probe-or-listen-to-the-patient
#7
Dominique P Harrison, Werner G K Stritzke, Nicolas Fay, Abdul-Rahman Hudaib
Previous research suggests implicit cognition can predict suicidal behavior. This study examined the utility of the death/suicide implicit association test (d/s-IAT) in acute and prospective assessment of suicide risk and protective factors, relative to clinician and patient estimates of future suicide risk. Patients (N = 128; 79 female; 111 Caucasian) presenting to an emergency department were recruited if they reported current suicidal ideation or had been admitted because of an acute suicide attempt. Patients completed the d/s-IAT and self-report measures assessing three death-promoting (e...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778930/measurement-properties-of-tools-used-to-assess-suicidality-in-autistic-and-general-population-adults-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
S A Cassidy, L Bradley, E Bowen, S Wigham, J Rodgers
Adults diagnosed with autism are at significantly increased risk of suicidal thoughts, suicidal behaviours and dying by suicide. However, it is unclear whether any validated tools are currently available to effectively assess suicidality in autistic adults in research and clinical practice. This is crucial for understanding and preventing premature death by suicide in this vulnerable group. This two stage systematic review therefore aimed to identify tools used to assess suicidality in autistic and general population adults, evaluate these tools for their appropriateness and measurement properties, and make recommendations for appropriate selection of suicidality assessment tools in research and clinical practice...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778924/cerbera-odollam-toxicity-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Ritesh G Menezes, Muhammad Shariq Usman, Syed Ather Hussain, Mohammed Madadin, Tariq Jamal Siddiqi, Huda Fatima, Pradhum Ram, Syed Bilal Pasha, S Senthilkumaran, Tooba Qadir Fatima, Sushil Allen Luis
Cerbera odollam is a plant species of the Apocynaceae family. It is often dubbed the 'suicide tree' due to its strong cardiotoxic effects, which make it a suitable means to attempt suicide. The plant grows in wet areas in South India, Madagascar, and Southeast Asia; and its common names include Pong-Pong and Othalanga. The poison rich part of the plant is the kernel which is present at the core of its fruit. The bioactive toxin in the plant is cerberin, which is a cardiac glycoside of the cardenolide class...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778833/suicide-attempts-and-clinical-correlates-in-patients-with-bipolar-i-vs-ii-disorder
#10
EDITORIAL
Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Laura Cremaschi, Lucio Oldani, Chiara Arici, Vera de Carlo, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775696/tph2-polymorphisms-across-the-spectrum-of-psychiatric-morbidity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Koen Willem Ottenhof, Mari Sild, Mélissa Luce Lévesque, Henricus Gerardus Ruhé, Linda Booij
Tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) is the rate-limiting enzyme in brain serotonin synthesis. The TPH2 gene has frequently been investigated in relation to psychiatric morbidity. The aim of the present review is to integrate results from association studies between TPH2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and various psychiatric disorders, which we furthermore quantified with meta-analysis. We reviewed 166 studies investigating 69 TPH2 SNPs in a broad range of psychiatric disorders, including over 30,000 patients...
May 15, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773097/polymorphism-in-rs2229783-of-the-alpha-1-xi-collagen-gene-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-but-not-severity-of-kashin-beck-disease-in-a-northwest-chinese-han-population
#12
Xiao Wei Shi, Feng Zhang, Zhi Yan Li, Ai Li Lyu, Xiong Guo
A case-control study was conducted to investigate associations between organophosphate pesticide (OP) exposure, aggression, impulsivity, and attempted suicide. The purpose of this study was to explore whether genomic polymorphisms in the alpha 1(XI) collagen gene (COL11A1) were associated with the risk and severity of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). Twenty-two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in COL11A1 were genotyped in 274 KBD cases and 249 healthy controls using the Sequenom MassARRAY system. The expression of type XI collagen (COL11A) in the knee articular cartilage of 22 KBD patients and 21 controls was analyzed by immunohistochemistry...
April 2018: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772772/multiplicative-effects-of-social-and-psychological-risk-factors-on-college-students-suicidal-behaviors
#13
Shervin Assari
Less is known about the multiplicative effects of social and psychological risk and protective factors of suicidality on college campuses. The current study aimed to investigate the multiplicative effects of social (identifying oneself as gay/lesbian, financial difficulty, violence victimization, and religiosity) and psychological (anxiety, depression, problem alcohol use, drug use) and risk/protective factors on suicidal behaviors among college students in the United States. Using a cross-sectional design, the Healthy Mind Study (HMS; 2016⁻2017), is a national online survey of college students in the United States...
May 17, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769243/hospitalization-for-suicide-ideation-or-attempt-2008-2015
#14
Gregory Plemmons, Matthew Hall, Stephanie Doupnik, James Gay, Charlotte Brown, Whitney Browning, Robert Casey, Katherine Freundlich, David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Kris Rehm, Susan Thomas, Derek Williams
OBJECTIVES: Suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SAs) have been reported as increasing among US children over the last decade. We examined trends in emergency and inpatient encounters for SI and SA at US children's hospitals from 2008 to 2015. METHODS: We used retrospective analysis of administrative billing data from the Pediatric Health Information System database. RESULTS: There were 115 856 SI and SA encounters during the study period...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767457/suicidal-behavior-and-personality-traits-contribute-to-disability-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#15
Manuel Canal-Rivero, Javier-David Lopez-Moriñigo, Maria-Luisa Barrigón, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Miguel Ruiz-Veguilla, Jordi E Obiols-Llandrich
BACKGROUND: Disability encompasses impairments, activity limitations, and restrictions on participation. Improvement in functioning has therefore become a crucial outcome of treatment in psychosis. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to analyze the potential relationship between suicidal behavior after first episode of psychosis (FEP) and family disability. The second aim was to find out whether personality traits are associated with disability dimensions...
May 16, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766490/emotional-hyper-reactivity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-remitted-bipolar-patients-a-machine-learning-approach
#16
A A Dargél, F Roussel, S Volant, B Etain, R Grant, J-M Azorin, K M'Bailara, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, J-P Kahn, P Roux, V Aubin, P Courtet, M Leboyer, F Kapczinski, C Henry
OBJECTIVE: Remitted bipolar disorder (BD) patients frequently present with chronic mood instability and emotional hyper-reactivity, associated with poor psychosocial functioning and low-grade inflammation. We investigated emotional hyper-reactivity as a dimension for characterization of remitted BD patients, and clinical and biological factors for identifying those with and without emotional hyper-reactivity. METHOD: A total of 635 adult remitted BD patients, evaluated in the French Network of Bipolar Expert Centers from 2010-2015, were assessed for emotional reactivity using the Multidimensional Assessment of Thymic States...
May 15, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766209/is-cannabis-a-risk-factor-for-suicide-attempts-in-men-and-women-with-psychotic-illness
#17
A Waterreus, P Di Prinzio, J C Badcock, M Martin-Iverson, A Jablensky, V A Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether recent cannabis use by men and women with psychotic disorders was associated with increased risk of suicide attempt, and to determine associated factors, stratified by sex. METHODS: Data from 1065 men and 725 women interviewed in the Australian national survey of psychosis were analysed to model separately, for each sex, the impact of daily, casual or no past-year cannabis use and other risk factors including age, on a past-year suicide attempt...
May 16, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762059/bullying-and-suicidality-in-urban-chinese-youth-the-role-of-teacher-student-relationships
#18
Ziqiang Han, Mingqi Fu, Chengcheng Liu, Jing Guo
The aim of this study is to examine the link between bullying and the tendency toward suicide (suicidality). In particular, we tested the interaction effect of teacher-student relationships on the association between bullying and suicidality among urban youth in China. A total of 3,675 participants were recruited from 7 provinces in urban China. Three questions were used to capture suicidality-related measures: suicide ideation, suicide planning, and attempting suicide. Traditional bullying and cyberbullying were used to measure the effect of being bullied...
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761263/measuring-the-health-of-an-invisible-population-lessons-from-the-colorado-transgender-health-survey
#19
Robin Christian, Amy Anderson Mellies, Alison Grace Bui, Rita Lee, Leo Kattari, Courtney Gray
BACKGROUND: Transgender people, those whose gender identity does not match their sex assigned at birth, face barriers to receiving health care. These include discrimination, prohibitive cost, and difficulty finding transgender-inclusive providers. As transgender identities are not typically recognized in public health research, the ability to compare the health of the transgender population to the overall population is limited. OBJECTIVE: The Colorado Transgender Health Survey sought to explore current disparities and their effects on the health of transgender people in Colorado...
May 15, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757097/stigma-and-suicidality-among-suicide-attempt-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#20
Nathalie Oexle, Katharina Herrmann, Tobias Staiger, Lindsay Sheehan, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
Among people with mental illness, stigma experiences can increase suicidality, and suicidality itself is associated with negative stereotypes. Suicide attempt survivors experience both mental illness stigma and suicide stigma, which could contribute to their increased risk for completed suicide. We interviewed 13 suicide attempt survivors regarding experiences and consequences of stigma and identified five stigma-related themes. Stigma led to substantial emotional strain, including loneliness and hopelessness, which are important precursors of suicidality...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
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