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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151105/eryptosis-the-neglected-cause-of-anemia-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
Florian Lang, Rosi Bissinger, Majed Abed, Ferruh Artunc
End stage renal disease (ESRD) invariably leads to anemia which has been mainly attributed to compromised release of erythropoietin from the defective kidneys with subsequent impairment of erythropoiesis. However, erythropoietin replacement only partially reverses anemia pointing to the involvement of additional mechanisms. As shown more recently, anemia of ESRD is indeed in large part a result of accelerated erythrocyte loss due to suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis, characterized by cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the cell surface...
October 23, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149114/-calls-due-to-suicidal-behaviour-made-to-the-prehospital-emergency-department-in-m%C3%A3-laga-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#2
M Jiménez-Hernández, S Castro-Zamudio, J Guzmán Parra, A I Martínez-García, C Guillén-Benítez, B Moreno-Küstner
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour (fatal and non-fatal) has become a serious public health problem in many countries. The aim of the study was to describe the differential characteristics of emergency calls due to suicidal behaviour made to the Emergency Coordinating Centre (CCUE) in the province of Málaga, in comparison with calls due to physical or psychiatric problems. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of the calls recorded in the database of the Public Company for Emergency Health during one year...
November 17, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145752/association-of-hormonal-contraception-with-suicide-attempts-and-suicides
#3
Charlotte Wessel Skovlund, Lina Steinrud Mørch, Lars Vedel Kessing, Theis Lange, Øjvind Lidegaard
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the relative risk of suicide attempt and suicide in users of hormonal contraception. METHOD: The authors assessed associations between hormonal contraceptive use and suicide attempt and suicide in a nationwide prospective cohort study of all women in Denmark who had no psychiatric diagnoses, antidepressant use, or hormonal contraceptive use before age 15 and who turned 15 during the study period, which extended from 1996 through 2013...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#4
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145289/mercury-poisoning-through-intravenous-administration-two-case-reports-with-literature-review
#5
Qiuying Lu, Zilong Liu, Xiaorui Chen
RATIONALE: Metallic mercury poisoning through intravenous injection is rare, especially for a homicide attempt. Diagnosis and treatment of the disease are challenging. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 34-year-old male presented with pyrexia, chill, fatigue, body aches, and pain of the dorsal aspect of right foot. Another case is that of a 29-year-old male who committed suicide by injecting himself metallic mercury 15 g intravenously and presented with dizzy, dyspnea, fatigue, sweatiness, and waist soreness...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145077/stability-of-the-diagnosis-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-in-a-long-term-prospective-study
#6
Marie-Laure Cléry-Melin, Philip Gorwood, Serge Friedman, Christian Even
BACKGROUND: Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is mainly characterized by a seasonal pattern of depressive recurrences over the years. However, few studies have been conducted on the long-term course of patients with SAD, whose findings raised questions about the diagnosis stability over time. This study aimed to better characterize the diagnosis evolution, and determine prognosis markers. METHODS: An initial cohort of 225 outpatients diagnosed as having a SAD, was assessed at baseline (T1) for clinical symptoms and response to bright light therapy...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145062/differentiating-multiple-vs-single-lifetime-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorders-a-retrospective-study
#7
Chiara Arici, Laura Cremaschi, Cristina Dobrea, Matteo Vismara, Benedetta Grancini, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Shefali Miller, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura, Bernardo Dell'Osso
BACKGROUND: The risk of suicide in Bipolar Disorder (BD) has been estimated up to 20-30 times higher compared with the general population. Previous suicide attempts (SAs) represent a well-established risk factor for further attempts and for death by suicide in patients with psychiatric disorders. However, little is known about the socio-demographic and clinical profile of BD patients with a history of multiple SAs (MSAs). The present study sought to characterize BD patients with MSAs versus single suicide attempt (SSA) within a large Italian sample...
October 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144990/effects-of-childhood-trauma-on-cortisol-levels-in-suicide-attempters-and-ideators
#8
Daryl B O'Connor, Jessica A Green, Eamonn Ferguson, Ronan E O'Carroll, Rory C O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is a global health issue. Dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, as measured by cortisol levels, has been identified as one potential risk factor for suicide. Recent evidence has indicated that blunted cortisol reactivity to stress is associated with suicidal behavior. The current study investigated whether childhood trauma was associated with blunted cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor and resting cortisol levels in suicide attempters and ideators...
November 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143859/socioeconomic-risk-factors-for-hospital-admittance-due-to-a-suicide-attempt-in-belgium-a-population-based-study-using-administrative-data
#9
Marc Roelands, Johan Vanoverloop, Leila Maron, Johan Bilsen
PURPOSE: This population-based study aims to investigate socio-economic factors, depression and psychosis as independent risk factors for a suicide attempt that requires hospitalization, and estimate the incidence of suicide attempts. METHODS: Individual-level administrative data were analysed that were collected for all members of the Socialist Health Insurance Schemes in Belgium during the period 2011-2013 (N = 3,156,030) in the context of the financing of the health care services provided...
November 16, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142385/blowing-bubbles-helps-intubation
#11
David Howe
Rocuronium is commonly used in preference to suxamethonium for rapid sequence induction in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). We describe a patient who suffered significant neck trauma following a suicide attempt. On initial presentation to accident and emergency, he was an easy intubation with a Grade 1 view obtained at laryngoscopy. After surgery to repair his neck laceration, he was extubated and discharged from ICU. He later developed a severe aspiration pneumonia and required reintubation. After induction and paralysis with suxamethonium, the best view at laryngoscopy was a Grade 3 despite the use of different laryngoscopes...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141599/the-effect-of-seasonal-changes-and-climatic-factors-on-suicide-attempts-of-young-people
#12
Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci, Benjamin Vyssoki, Dietmar Winkler, Matthaeus Willeit, Nestor D Kapusta, Georg Dorffner, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic
BACKGROUND: Seasonal changes and climatic factors like ambient temperature, sunlight duration and rainfall can influence suicidal behavior. METHODS: This study analyses the relationship between seasonal changes and climatic variations and suicide attempts in 2131 young patients in Istanbul, Turkey. RESULTS: In our study sample, there was an association between suicide attempts in youths and seasonal changes, as suicide attempts occurred most frequently during summer in females as well as in males...
November 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#13
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135989/high-stress-lack-of-sleep-low-school-performance-and-suicide-attempts-are-associated-with-high-energy-drink-intake-in-adolescents
#14
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between energy drinks and suicide has been suggested, few prior studies have considered the role of emotional factors including stress, sleep, and school performance in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the association of energy drinks with suicide, independent of possible confounders including stress, sleep, and school performance. METHODS: In total, 121,106 adolescents with 13-18 years olds from the 2014 and 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were surveyed for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, paternal and maternal education level, sleep time, stress level, school performance, frequency of energy drink intake, and suicide attempts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135905/unsuccessful-suicide-attempt-with-tiapride
#15
Sylvain Couderc, Hervé Mourou, Caroline Monchaud, Franck Saint-Marcoux
To the best of our knowledge, no case has been published in the literature that reports an overdose of tiapride, either alone or in combination with other drugs. We report a self-poisoning case in an 18-year-old girl, with approximately 10 times the usual daily dose (ie, 2.5 g). Although the blood concentration was 20/30-fold higher than usually observed after therapeutic drug intakes (17,300 mcg/L), the patient remained almost asymptomatic.
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132951/school-based-health-centers-depression-and-suicide-risk-among-adolescents
#16
Mallie J Paschall, Melina Bersamin
INTRODUCTION: This study examined whether increasing availability of mental health services at school-based health centers in Oregon public schools would be associated with a decrease in the likelihood of depressive episodes and suicide risk among adolescents. METHODS: The study included 168 Oregon public schools that participated in the Oregon Healthy Teens Survey in 2013 and 2015. Twenty-five schools had a school-based health center, and 14 of those schools increased the availability of mental health services from 2013 to 2015...
November 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132075/alcohol-induced-disinhibition-is-associated-with-impulsivity-depression-and-suicide-attempt-a-nationwide-community-sample-of-korean-adults
#17
Kwan Woo Choi, Eun Jin Na, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng Je Cho, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Hana Cho, Hong Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced disinhibition (AID) is defined as a "loss of restraint over some form of behavior after drinking alcohol regardless of its amount". Although many previous studies have investigated on alcohol use disorder and suicide attempt, few studies have focused on AID and suicide. METHODS: A total of 9461 adults who had a history of drinking completed a face-to-face interview using the Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (K-CIDI) with the Suicide Module, and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11 (BIS-11)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131992/cross-validation-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-chronic-suicide-risk-index-s_chron-in-a-large-sample-of-offenders
#18
John F Edens, Kevin S Douglas
Recently, Sinclair et al. (2016) reported on the development of a new Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) index designed to identify individuals with histories of multiple suicide attempts (Chronic Suicide Risk Index: S_Chron). We evaluated this new index in a sample of over 1000 criminal offenders who had been administered the PAI as part of a more extensive research project. The S_Chron meaningfully discriminated between those with multiple prior suicide attempts and those with 0-1 attempts, similar to what Sinclair et al...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131065/suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-the-elderly-associated-with-opioid-use-and-pain-sensitivity
#19
Raffaella Calati, Emilie Olié, Karen Ritchie, Sylvaine Artero, Philippe Courtet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130694/initial-validation-of-brief-measures-of-suicide-risk-factors-common-data-elements-used-by-the-military-suicide-research-consortium
#20
Fallon B Ringer, Kelly A Soberay, Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Carol Chu, Matt Schneider, Matthew C Podlogar, Tracy Witte, Jill Holm-Denoma, E Ashby Plant, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner
The Military Suicide Research Consortium (MSRC) developed a 57-item questionnaire assessing suicide risk factors, referred to as the Common Data Elements (CDEs), in order to facilitate data sharing and improve collaboration across independent studies. All studies funded by MSRC are required to include the CDEs in their assessment protocol. The CDEs include shortened measures of the following: current and past suicide risk, lethality and intent of past suicide attempts, hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, anxiety sensitivity, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, traumatic brain injury, insomnia, and alcohol abuse...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
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