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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345134/the-association-between-political-violence-and-the-connection-between-bullying-and-suicidality-among-palestinian-youth
#1
Ziad Abdeen, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Ora Nakash, Nabil Shibli, Maayan Nagar, Hazem Agha, Sameh Hallaq, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Hendrik Juerges, Itzhak Levav, Radwan Qasrawi
We examined the association between protracted political violence and the connection between bullying and suicidality among Palestinian adolescents. Data were collected from a representative sample of Palestinian students (N = 5,713) from 100 schools in the West Bank and East Jerusalem who completed an in-class survey. Students who were victims of bullying or bully victims who were exposed to political violence were at higher risk for suicide attempts compared to students who were victims of bullying or bully victims but not exposed to political violence...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#2
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343052/season-of-treatment-initiation-with-antidepressants-and-suicidal-behavior-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#3
Georgios D Makris, Johan Reutfors, Morten Andersen, Richard A White, Lisa Ekselius, Fotios C Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Decreased binding capacity of SERT in the prefrontal cortex has been observed in both suicide victims and suicide attempters. Moreover, some studies have shown that SERT has a seasonal variation with lower binding capacity in the spring and summer, which coincides with a seasonal peak of suicides. Our aim was to explore whether the season of treatment initiation with antidepressants is associated with suicide or suicide attempt and compare it with the underlying suicide seasonality in the general population...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339462/safety-of-a-topical-insect-repellent-picaridin-during-community-mass-use-for-malaria-control-in-rural-cambodia
#4
Somony Heng, Vincent Sluydts, Lies Durnez, Vanna Mean, Koh Polo, Sochantha Tho, Marc Coosemans, Johan van Griensven
BACKGROUND: While community distribution of topical repellents has been proposed as an additional malaria control intervention, the safety of this intervention at the population level remains poorly evaluated. We describe the safety of mass distribution of the picaridin repellent during a cluster-randomised trial in rural Cambodia in 2012-2013. METHODS: The repellent was distributed among 57 intervention villages with around 25,000 inhabitants by a team of village distributors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#5
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#6
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336743/is-socioeconomic-position-associated-with-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study-of-165%C3%A2-000-individuals
#7
D W Knipe, D Gunnell, R Pieris, C Priyadarshana, M Weerasinghe, M Pearson, S Jayamanne, A H Dawson, F Mohamed, I Gawarammana, K Hawton, F Konradsen, M Eddleston, C Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in high-income countries, but this association is unclear in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We investigated the association of SEP with attempted suicide in a cross-sectional survey of 165 233 Sri Lankans. SEP data were collected at the household (assets, social standing (highest occupation of a household member), foreign employment and young (≤40 years) female-headed households) and individual level (education and occupation)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335531/associations-among-substance-use-mental-health-disorders-and-self-harm-in-a-prison-population-examining-group-risk-for-suicide-attempt
#8
Madison L Gates, Asher Turney, Elizabeth Ferguson, Veronica Walker, Michelle Staples-Horne
Substance use disorders (SUD) and mental health disorders are significant public health issues that co-occur and are associated with high risk for suicide attempts. SUD and mental health disorders are more prevalent among offenders (i.e., prisoners or inmates) than the non-imprisoned population, raising concerns about the risk of self-harm. This cross-sectional study examined the population of a state prison system (10,988 out of 13,079) to identify associations among SUD (alcohol, cannabis, intravenous drugs, narcotics, and tobacco smoking), mental health disorders (anxiety, bipolar, depression, and psychotic disorders), and suicide attempts...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#9
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332123/self-poisoning-suicide-deaths-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-characterizing-a-subgroup-and-identifying-treatment-patterns
#10
Ayal Schaffer, Lauren M Weinstock, Mark Sinyor, Catherine Reis, Benjamin I Goldstein, Lakshmi N Yatham, Anthony J Levitt
OBJECTIVE: To characterize self-poisoning suicide deaths in BD compared to other suicide decedents. METHODS: Extracted coroner data from all suicide deaths (n = 3319) in Toronto, Canada from 1998 to 2012. Analyses of demographics, clinical history, recent stressors, and suicide details were conducted in 5 subgroups of suicide decedents: BD self-poisoning, BD other methods, non-BD self-poisoning, non-BD other methods, and unipolar depression self-poisoning. Toxicology results for lethal and present substances were also compared between BD and non-BD self-poisoning subgroups as well as between BD and unipolar depression self-poisoning subgroups...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330446/eudor-a-multi-centre-research-program-a-naturalistic-european-multi-centre-clinical-study-of-edor-test-in-adult-patients-with-primary-depression
#11
Marco Sarchiapone, Miriam Iosue, Vladimir Carli, Mario Amore, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Anil Batra, Doina Cosman, Philippe Courtet, Guido Di Sciascio, Ricardo Gusmao, Tadeusz Parnowski, Peter Pestality, Pilar Saiz, Johannes Thome, Anders Tingström, Marcin Wojnar, Patrizia Zeppegno, Lars-Håkan Thorell
BACKGROUND: Electrodermal reactivity has been successfully used as indicator of interest, curiosity as well as depressive states. The measured reactivity depends on the quantity of sweat secreted by those eccrine sweat glands that are located in the hypodermis of palmar and plantar regions. Electrodermal hyporeactive individuals are those who show an unusual rapid habituation to identical non-significant stimuli. Previous findings suggested that electrodermal hyporeactivity has a high sensitivity and a high specificity for suicide...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327445/nine-differentially-expressed-genes-from-a-post-mortem-study-and-their-association-with-suicidal-status-in-a-sample-of-suicide-completers-attempters-and-controls
#12
Martina Balestri, Concetta Crisafulli, Luigi Donato, Ina Giegling, Raffaella Calati, Niki Antypa, Barbara Schneider, Dragan Marusic, Maria Eugenia Tarozzi, Dorjan Marusic, Metka Paragi, Annette M Hartmann, Bettina Konte, Agnese Marsano, Alessandro Serretti, Dan Rujescu
Several lines of evidence indicate that suicidal behaviour is partly heritable, with multiple genes implicated in its aetiology. We focused on nine genes (S100A13, EFEMP1, PCDHB5, PDGFRB, CDCA7L, SCN2B, PTPRR, MLC1 and ZFP36) which we previously detected as differentially expressed in the cortex of suicide victims compared to controls. We investigated 84 variants within these genes in 495 suicidal subjects (299 completers and 196 attempters) and 1513 controls (109 post-mortem and 1404 healthy). We evaluated associations with: 1) suicidal phenotype; 2) possible endophenotypes for suicidal behaviour...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326821/understanding-self-harm-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#13
Anne Pamela Frances Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVE: Rates of suicide in older adults are generally higher than other age groups. Although risk factors for suicide attempts, and self-harm more generally, in this population are well-characterised, many of these vulnerabilities are common to older people and individual motivations are less well understood. Qualitative research may reveal more about the underlying thought processes, meaning and experiences of older people who self-harm. METHODS: A systematic review of qualitative studies examining the reasons why older people have self-harmed was undertaken by searching databases and screening the reference lists of articles...
March 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#14
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326115/self-injury-and-suicide-attempt-in-relation-with-trauma-and-dissociation-among-adolescents-with-dissociative-and-non-dissociative-disorders
#15
Filiz Kılıç, Murat Coşkun, Hasan Bozkurt, İlyas Kaya, Salih Zoroğlu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of trauma and dissociation over self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and suicide attempts (SA) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 207 adolescents participated in the study. After conducting diagnostic interview, participants were divided into five groups as subjects with dissociative disorders (DD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders (AD), and a control group (CG) without any psychiatric disorder...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325681/alcohol-cannabis-and-other-drugs-and-subsequent-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-among-young-mexicans
#16
Guilherme Borges, Corina Benjet, Ricardo Orozco, Maria-Elena Medina-Mora, David Menendez
OBJECTIVE: To report results from a follow-up study of alcohol, cannabis and other drugs on suicidal behavior. METHOD: We estimated prospective associations of substance use as a risk factor for incident suicide ideation and attempt, from a follow-up conducted in 2013 (n = 1071) of the original Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey conducted in 2005. RESULTS: Cannabis use before age 15 (ideation risk ratio (RR) = 3.97; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323538/relationships-between-a-dissociative-subtype-of-ptsd-and-clinical-characteristics-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#17
Michaela Mergler, Martin Driessen, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Dirk Wedekind, Christel Lüdecke, Martin Ohlmeier, Claudia Chodzinski, Sybille Teunißen, Steffen Weirich, Detlef Schläfke, Walter Renner, Ingo Schäfer, Gertrud Koesters, Christian Dette, Olaf Reis, Elisabeth H Sylvester, Martin Hoppe, Markus Stuppe, Thomas Broese, Udo Schneider, Christina Pletke
The increasing support for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD-D) has led to its inclusion in DSM-5. We examined relationships between PTSD-D and relevant variables in patients with substance use disorders (SUD). The sample comprised N = 459 patients with SUD. The International Diagnostic Checklist and the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale were used to diagnose PTSD. In addition, participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Dissociative Experiences Scale. The course of SUD was assessed by means of the European Addiction Severity Index...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323466/sexual-assault-victimization-and-mental-health-treatment-suicide-attempts-and-career-outcomes-among-women-in-the-us-army
#18
Anthony J Rosellini, Amy E Street, Robert J Ursano, Wai Tat Chiu, Steven G Heeringa, John Monahan, James A Naifeh, Maria V Petukhova, Ben Y Reis, Nancy A Sampson, Paul D Bliese, Murray B Stein, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during military service with subsequent mental health and negative career outcomes among US Army women controlling for nonrandom victimization exposure. METHODS: We used data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers to apply propensity score methods to match all 4238 female Regular Army soldiers with administratively recorded sexual assault victimization during 2004 to 2009 to 5 controls per case with similar composite victimization risk...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320371/possible-factors-influencing-the-duration-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-attempting-suicide-by-jumping
#19
Tsubasa Omi, Hiroshi Ito, Keisen Riku, Koji Kanai, Hiromune Takada, Satoshi Fujimi, Hidenori Matsunaga, Kazutaka Ohi
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a high rate of suicide. The present study investigated factors influencing hospital stays for Japanese patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping. METHODS: We diagnosed all suicide attempts (n = 113) by jumping based on the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) and investigated the mean hospital stays of patients with each diagnosis based on the ICD-10 code. We then analyzed differences in the demographic and clinical characteristics between the diagnostic groups to identify factors influencing the duration of hospital stay...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320345/effect-of-telephone-follow-up-on-repeated-suicide-attempt-in-patients-discharged-from-an-emergency-psychiatry-department-a-controlled-study
#20
Sophie Exbrayat, Clotilde Coudrot, Xavier Gourdon, Aurélia Gay, Jessica Sevos, Jacques Pellet, Béatrice Trombert-Paviot, Catherine Massoubre
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem, and the efficacies of current postvention protocols vary. We evaluated the effectiveness of telephone follow-up of patients referred to an emergency psychiatric unit for attempted suicide on any further attempt/s over the following year. METHOD: In a single-center, controlled study with intent to treat, we evaluated the efficacy of a protocol of telephone follow-up of 436 patients at 8, 30, and 60 days after they were treated for attempted suicide...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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