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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331849/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-health-determinants-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-malaysia
#1
Yong Kang Cheah, Mohd Azahadi, Siew Nooi Phang, Noor Hazilah Abd Manaf
Suicide has become a serious matter in both developed and developing countries. The objective of the present study is to examine the factors affecting suicidal behaviour among adults in Malaysia. A nationally representative data which consists of 10,141 respondents is used for analysis. A trivariate probit model is utilised to identify the probability of having suicide ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt. Results of the regression analysis show that to ensure unbiased estimates, a trivariate probit model should be used instead of three separate probit models...
January 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331698/exploring-metabolic-factors-and-health-behaviors-in-relation-to-suicide-attempts-a-case-control-study
#2
Stefan Perera, Rebecca B Eisen, Meha Bhatt, Brittany B Dennis, Monica Bawor, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elisabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Jennifer Brasch, David Meyre, Russell de Souza, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts are a serious public health concern with devastating global impact, thereby necessitating the development of an adequate prevention strategy. Few known risk factors of suicide attempts are directly modifiable. This study sought to investigate potential associations between health behaviors and suicide attempts, identifying novel opportunities for clinicians to help prevent suicidal behavior. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted to compare body weight, serum total cholesterol, physical activity, tobacco use, and dietary food groups among adults who had made a suicide attempt (n = 84) to psychiatric inpatients (n = 104) and community controls (n = 93) without history of suicide attempt...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#3
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330410/the-impact-of-comt-and-childhood-maltreatment-on-suicidal-behaviour-in-affective-disorders
#4
Alexandra Bernegger, Klemens Kienesberger, Laura Carlberg, Patrick Swoboda, Birgit Ludwig, Romina Koller, Michelle Inaner, Melanie Zotter, Nestor Kapusta, Martin Aigner, Helmuth Haslacher, Siegfried Kasper, Alexandra Schosser
The inconsistent findings on the association between COMT (catecholamine-O-methyl-transferase) and suicidal behaviour gave reason to choose a clear phenotype description of suicidal behaviour and take childhood maltreatment as environmental factor into account. The aim of this candidate-gene-association study was to eliminate heterogeneity within the sample by only recruiting affective disorder patients and find associations between COMT polymorphisms and defined suicidal phenotypes. In a sample of 258 affective disorder patients a detailed clinical assessment (e...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329957/safety-and-tolerability-of-a-novel-polyclonal-human-anti-mers-coronavirus-antibody-produced-from-transchromosomic-cattle-a-phase-1-randomised-double-blind-single-dose-escalation-study
#5
John H Beigel, Jocelyn Voell, Parag Kumar, Kanakatte Raviprakash, Hua Wu, Jin-An Jiao, Eddie Sullivan, Thomas Luke, Richard T Davey
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a severe respiratory illness with an overall mortality of 35%. There is no licensed or proven treatment. Passive immunotherapy approaches are being developed to prevent and treat several human medical conditions where alternative therapeutic options are absent. We report the safety of a fully human polyclonal IgG antibody (SAB-301) produced from the hyperimmune plasma of transchromosomic cattle immunised with a MERS coronavirus vaccine...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329763/efficacy-and-safety-of-varenicline-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-france-anrs-144-inter-activ-a-randomised-controlled-phase-3-clinical-trial
#6
Patrick Mercié, Julie Arsandaux, Christine Katlama, Samuel Ferret, Aurélie Beuscart, Christian Spadone, Claudine Duvivier, Jacques Reynes, Nathalie Wirth, Laetitia Moinot, Antoine Bénard, David Zucman, Xavier Duval, Jean-Michel Molina, Bruno Spire, Catherine Fagard, Geneviève Chêne
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is common in people living with HIV, but high-quality evidence on interventions for smoking cessation is not available in this population. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of varenicline with counselling to aid smoking cessation in people living with HIV. METHODS: The ANRS 144 Inter-ACTIV randomised, parallel, double-blind, multicentre, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial was done at 30 clinical hospital sites in France. People living with HIV who had smoked at least ten cigarettes per day for 1 year or longer, were motivated to stop smoking, were not dependent on another psychoactive substance, and had no history of depression or suicide attempt were eligible...
January 9, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329066/association-of-suicidal-risk-with-ratings-of-affective-temperaments
#7
Leonardo Tondo, Gustavo H Vázquez, Gabriele Sani, Marco Pinna, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Ratings of particular temperament-types with the TEMPS-A autoquestionnaire have been associated with suicidal risk, and combinations of such ratings may enhance the association. However, the predictive value of scores for individual temperaments and combinations remains to be quantified. METHOD: We evaluated associations of TEMPS-A ratings for anxious (anx), cyclothymic (cyc), dysthymic (dys), hyperthymic (hyp) and irritable (irr) temperaments, with a history of suicidal acts or reported suicidal ideation in 882 patients with bipolar (BD; n = 509), major depressive (MDD; n = 268) or anxiety (ANX; n = 105) disorders...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327446/current-and-military-specific-gender-minority-stress-factors-and-their-relationship-with-suicide-ideation-in-transgender-veterans
#8
Raymond P Tucker, Rylan J Testa, Mark A Reger, Tracy L Simpson, Jillian C Shipherd, Keren Lehavot
Research suggests the prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in the transgender veteran community may be upwards of 20 times higher than nontransgender veterans, who are known to be at increased risk than the general US population. This study aimed to understand the potential influence of external and internal minority stress experienced during and after military service on past-year and recent suicide ideation in a sample of 201 transgender veterans. Nonparametric bootstrapping analyses indicated past-year transgender-specific discrimination and rejection (external minority stress) indirectly predicted frequency of both past-year and past 2-week suicide ideation through past-year shame related to gender identity (internal minority stress)...
January 12, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#9
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321162/risk-of-suicide-attempt-in-poststroke-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Tomor Harnod, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: This nationwide population-based cohort study evaluated the risk of and risk factors for suicide attempt in poststroke patients in Taiwan. METHODS AND RESULTS: The poststroke and nonstroke cohorts consisted of 713 690 patients and 1 426 009 controls, respectively. Adults (aged >18 years) who received new stroke diagnoses according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM; codes 430-438) between 2000 and 2011 were included in the poststroke cohort...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321126/toward-mhealth-brief-contact-interventions-in-suicide-prevention-case-series-from-the-suicide-intervention-assisted-by-messages-siam-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mark Erik Larsen, Catherine Mesmeur, Michel Gravey, Romain Billot, Michel Walter, Christophe Lemey, Philippe Lenca
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that maintaining contact either via letter or postcard with at-risk adults following discharge from care services after a suicide attempt (SA) can reduce reattempt risk. Pilot studies have demonstrated that interventions using mobile health (mHealth) technologies are feasible in a suicide prevention setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report three cases of patients recruited in the Suicide Intervention Assisted by Messages (SIAM) study to describe how a mobile intervention may influence follow-up...
January 10, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321054/the-association-between-daily-concentrations-of-air-pollution-and-visits-to-a-psychiatric-emergency-unit-a-case-crossover-study
#12
Anna Oudin, Daniel Oudin Åström, Peter Asplund, Steinn Steingrimsson, Zoltan Szabo, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Experimental studies, and a few epidemiological studies, suggest that air pollution may cause acute exacerbation of psychiatric disorders, and even increase the rate of suicide attempts, but epidemiological studies on air pollution in association with psychiatric disorders are still few. Our aim was to investigate associations between daily fluctuations in air pollution concentrations and the daily number of visits to a psychiatric emergency unit...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320540/discerning-suicide-in-drug-intoxication-deaths-paucity-and-primacy-of-suicide-notes-and-psychiatric-history
#13
Ian R H Rockett, Eric D Caine, Hilary S Connery, Gail D'Onofrio, David J Gunnell, Ted R Miller, Kurt B Nolte, Mark S Kaplan, Nestor D Kapusta, Christa L Lilly, Lewis S Nelson, Sandra L Putnam, Steven Stack, Peeter Värnik, Lynn R Webster, Haomiao Jia
OBJECTIVE: A paucity of corroborative psychological and psychiatric evidence may be inhibiting detection of drug intoxication suicides in the United States. We evaluated the relative importance of suicide notes and psychiatric history in the classification of suicide by drug intoxication versus firearm (gunshot wound) plus hanging/suffocation-the other two major, but overtly violent methods. METHODS: This observational multilevel (individual/county), multivariable study employed a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) to analyze pooled suicides and undetermined intent deaths, as possible suicides, among the population aged 15 years and older in the 17 states participating in the National Violent Death Reporting System throughout 2011-2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320385/ketamine-use-for-suicidal-ideation-in-the-general-hospital-case-report-and-short-review
#14
Hélène Vulser, Claire Vulser, Marion Rieutord, Amélie Passeron, Didier Lefebvre, Emilie Baup, Anne-Sophie Seigneurie, Isabelle Thauvin, Frédéric Limosin, Cédric Lemogne
Low-dose infusion of ketamine may have rapid antisuicide properties. Such a treatment may therefore be useful in the general hospital to prevent suicide in an environment that cannot be made safe enough. We report on the use of ketamine as an efficient, well-tolerated treatment for persistent suicidal ideation in a patient hospitalized in a general hospital after a severe suicide attempt. Based on data in the literature, we suggest that the benefit-risk ratio for ketamine use in such a context is highly favorable...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319196/examination-of-interoception-along-the-suicidality-continuum
#15
Megan L Rogers, Christopher R Hagan, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Interoception deficits have been associated with various points on the suicidality continuum. Most research, however, has focused on general, rather than specific facets of, interoception. This study compared individuals with lifetime suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts using a multidimensional assessment of interoception. METHOD: A total of 537 adults completed measures of their interoception and lifetime suicide histories. RESULTS: Individuals with lifetime suicidal ideation reported more worry about their bodily sensations...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317766/clinical-characteristics-of-stress-cardiomyopathy-in-patients-with-acute-poisoning
#16
Ung Jeon, Samel Park, SangHo Park, Eun-Young Lee, Hyo-Wook Gil
Patients who attempt intentional suicide suffer from physical or emotional stress. This situation might be an important factor that causes takotsubo cardiomyopathy. We retrospectively investigated the clinical features of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in patients with acute poisoning. This study included patients who were admitted from January 2010 to December 2015 because of intentional poisoning by ingestion. Among these patients, we selectively collected data of patients who underwent an echocardiogram. We divided the patients into three groups according to the echocardiogram; the non-cardiomyopathy group, the global hypokinesia group, and the takotsubo cardiomyopathy group...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316512/the-stigma-associated-with-bereavement-by-suicide-and-other-sudden-deaths-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Alexandra L Pitman, Fiona Stevenson, David P J Osborn, Michael B King
Quantitative studies have found that suicide bereavement is associated with suicide attempt, and is perceived as the most stigmatising of sudden losses. Their findings also suggest that perceived stigma may explain the excess suicidality. There is a need to understand the nature of this stigma and address suicide risk in this group. We aimed to describe and compare the nature of the experiences of stigma reported by people bereaved by suicide, sudden unnatural death, and sudden natural death, and identify any commonalities and unique experiences...
January 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315743/suicide-risk-across-latent-class-subgroups-a-test-of-the-generalizability-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#18
Jennifer S Ma, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Jin Han
It remains unclear whether the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, ) is generalizable to the population or holds more explanatory power for certain subgroups compared to others. The aim of this study was to (1) identify subgroups of individuals who endorsed suicide ideation in the past month based on a range of mental health and demographic variables, (2) compare levels of the IPTS constructs within these subgroups, and (3) test the IPTS predictions for suicide ideation and suicide attempt for each group...
January 6, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313797/suicidality-and-other-health-risk-behaviors-among-female-youth-in-juvenile-detention
#19
Schnavia Smith Hatcher, Dione Moultrie King, Anne Nordberg, Dante Bryant, Christopher C Woolen
This study investigates suicidality and health-risk behaviors among female juvenile detainees and identifies the extent to which suicidal behaviors are correlated with other risky activities. This study also explores 12 health risk behaviors, their prevalence, and relative associations to suicidal behaviors within the sample-population. Researchers collected data from 104 female adolescents, ages 12 to 20, residing in a long-term, detention center in the southeastern region of the United States. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were utilized...
2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311249/engaging-families-in-the-management-of-adolescent-self-harm
#20
REVIEW
Shilpa Aggarwal, George Patton
Adolescent self-harm is an emerging public health challenge. It is associated with later psychiatric and substance use disorders, unemployment and suicide. Family interventions have been effective in a range of adolescent mental health problems and for that reason were reviewed for their effectiveness in the management of adolescent self-harm. The search identified 10 randomised and 2 non-randomised controlled trial conducted in the high-income countries. For the most part the evidence is of low quality. The interventions were classified as brief single session, intermediate-level and intensive family interventions depending on the intensity and duration of treatment...
January 8, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
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