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Wanlong Huang, Xiuxiu Zhang, Ai Li, Lingli Xie, Xiangyang Miao
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can regulate lipid metabolism and adipogenesis. However, there is little research on the role of lncRNAs in fat deposition in pig. In this study, RNA-seq technology was used to analyze the gene expression profiles of subcutaneous adipose tissue in Laiwu (LW) and Large White (LY) pigs. Then, key lncRNAs and genes associated with lipid metabolism and adipogenic differentiation were identified. Fifty four lncRNAs and 482 known mRNAs were differentially expressed in the two pig breeds...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
(no author information available yet)
Retraction: Retracted: Silencing of the COPS3 Gene by siRNA Reduces Proliferation of Lung Cancer Cells Most Likely via Induction of Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention has retracted the article titled “Silencing of the COPS3 Gene by siRNA Reduces Proliferation of Lung Cancer Cells Most Likely via Induction of Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis”(1) for reason of similarity with a series of articles identified by Byrne and Labbé (2). Xue-Mei Wang, Jiu-Wei Cui1&, Wei Li , Lu Cai, Wei Song , Guan-Jun Wang 1...
November 17, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ranjan Parajuli, Tommy Dalgaard, Morten Birkved
This study evaluates environmental impacts of an integrated mixed crop-livestock system with a green biorefinery (GBR). System integration included production of feed crops and green biomasses (Sys-I) to meet the demand of a livestock system (Sys-III) and to process green biomasses in a GBR system (Sys-II). Processing of grass-clover to produce feed protein was considered in Sys-II, particularly to substitute the imported soybean meal. Waste generated from the livestock and GBR systems were considered for the conversion to biomethane (Sys-IV)...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Wei-Yi Huang, Dong-Hui Chen, Li Ning, Li-Wei Wang
Retraction: Retracted: siRNA mediated silencing of NIN1/RPN12 binding protein 1 homolog inhibits proliferation and growth of breast cancer cells Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention has retracted the article titled “siRNA mediated silencing of NIN1/RPN12 binding protein 1 homolog inhibits proliferation and growth of breast cancer cells”(1) for reason of similarity with a series of articles identified by Byrne and Labbé (2). 1. Huang WY1, Chen DH, Ning L, Wang LW. siRNA mediated silencing of NIN1/RPN12 binding protein 1 homolog inhibits proliferation and growth of breast cancer cells...
October 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Sooran Choi, Hai-Joong Kim, Sunmi Kim, Gyuyeon Choi, Sungjoo Kim, Jeongim Park, Soon-Sup Shim, Inae Lee, Sungkyoon Kim, Hyo-Bang Moon, Kyungho Choi, Jeong Jae Lee, Su Young Kim
Despite the global ban, organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been a persistent and significant environmental health issue worldwide. Prenatal exposure to these persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has been identified as a major route of exposure among developing fetuses and newborn infants. Among Children's Health and Environmental Health of Korea (CHECK) cohort population, pregnant females (n=148) and their matching newborn infants (n=117) recruited from four cities of Korea in 2011 were investigated...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
I Biasato, L Gasco, M De Marco, M Renna, L Rotolo, S Dabbou, M T Capucchio, E Biasibetti, M Tarantola, L Sterpone, L Cavallarin, F Gai, L Pozzo, S Bergagna, D Dezzutto, I Zoccarato, A Schiavone
This study evaluated the effects of Tenebrio molitor (TM) larvae meal inclusion in diets for broilers. A total of 160 male broiler chicks (Ross 708) at one-day of age were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments: a control (C) group and three TM groups, in which TM meal was included at 50 (TM5), 100 (TM10), and 150 (TM15) g/kg, respectively. The experimental diets were isonitrogenous and isoenergetic. Each group consisted of five pens as replicates (8 chicks/pen). After the evaluation of growth performance and haematochemical parameters, the animals were slaughtered at 53 days and carcass traits were recorded...
November 7, 2017: Poultry Science
P Silalahi, T Tribout, Y Billon, J Gogué, J P Bidanel
The effects of 21 yr of selection were estimated for sow and piglet performance during the suckling period in a French Large White (LW) pig population using frozen semen. Two experimental groups (EXP = L77 and L98) were produced by inseminating LW sows with either stored frozen semen from 17 LW boars born in 1977 (EXP = L77) or with fresh semen from 23 LW boars born in 1998 (EXP = L98). Seventy-four L77 and 89 L98 randomly chosen females were mated to 15 L77 and 15 L98, respectively, randomly chosen boars for 6 successive parities...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
Govindan Malarvannan, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Ann Deguchtenaere, Stijn L Verhulst, Eveline Dirinck, Luc Van Gaal, Philippe G Jorens, Adrian Covaci
We have investigated the dynamics of various persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the serum of 94 obese adolescents (34 boys and 60 girls: age range 11-19years) before (0M) and after 5months (5M) of undergoing weight loss treatment. Six groups of POPs, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), chlordane compounds (CHLs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), were detected in all samples in the decreasing order of median levels: DDTs>PCBs>HCB>HCHs>CHLs>PBDEs...
January 2018: Environment International
Anandhan Dhanasingh, Claude Jolly
Cochlear implant electrode arrays are designed with specific characteristics that allow for the preservation of intra-cochlear structures during the insertion process, as well as during explantation. Straight lateral wall (LW) electrode arrays and pre-curved modiolar hugging (MH) electrode arrays are the two types that are commercially available. Although there is a third type of electrode array called the mid-scala (MS), which is positioned in the middle of the scala tympani (ST), and is usually considered as an MH type of electrode...
October 18, 2017: Hearing Research
Gang Lu, Cheng Fu, Ji Huang, Haibin Xu, Peixin Wu, Xiaokun Ping, Shujun Li
Equine pegivirus (EPgV) is a newly discovered equine virus, which is taxonomically classified in the Pegivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family. Until now, only the complete genome sequence of the first reported EPgV strain, from the USA (strain name: C0035) is available on online databases. Considering this, horse serum samples were collected from horses in China and screened for EPgV RNA by RT-PCR. One EPgV strain, LW/2016, was obtained and its near-complete genome sequence was acquired by standard PCR. Further analysis of its nucleotide sequence indicates LW/2016 is genetically divergent from C0035, with a nucleotide identity of 89...
November 2, 2017: Archives of Virology
Pravin Jeba Dev, Palanisamy Shanmugam
Radiative transfer across the water-air interface has important implications for optics and remote sensing of natural waters. The upward radiance emerging from the water suffers a critical change when it passes through the water-air interface. Upwelling radiance transmittance τw,a is an optical process occurring at the water-air interface that determines the in-water radiances propagating through the interface. In previous studies, τw,a was successfully derived for determining the water-leaving radiances in open ocean waters, despite being oversimplified with a constant value...
October 30, 2017: Optics Express
Paul E Ciesielski, Richard H Johnson, Xianan Jiang, Yunyan Zhang, Shaocheng Xie
The relationships between radiation, clouds, and convection on an intraseasonal time scale are examined with data taken during the Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) field campaign. Specifically, column-net, as well as vertical profiles of radiative heating rates, computed over Gan Island in the central Indian Ocean (IO) are used along with an objective analysis of large-scale fields to examine three MJO events that occurred during the 3 month period (October to December 2011) over this region...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Geophysical Research. Atmospheres: JGR
Trieu Phat Luu, Justin A Brantley, Fangshi Zhu, Jose L Contreras-Vidal
This study investigates if the electrocortical amplitude modulations relative to the mean gait cycle are different across walking conditions (i.e., level-ground (LW), ramp ascent (RA), and stair ascent (SA)). Non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) signals were recorded and a systematic EEG processing method was implemented to reduce artifacts. Source localization using independent component analysis and k-means clustering revealed the involvement of four clusters in the brain (Left and Right Occipital Lobe, Posterior Parietal Cortex (PPC), and Sensorimotor Area) during the walking tasks...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Eliezer Brown Mwakalapa, Aviti John Mmochi, Mette Helen Bjorge Müller, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela, Jan Ludvig Lyche, Anuschka Polder
In 2016, farmed and wild milkfish (Chanos chanos) and mullet (Mugil cephalus) from Tanzania mainland (Mtwara) and Zanzibar islands (Pemba and Unguja) were collected for analyses of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Fish livers were analysed for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Muscle tissue was used for analyses of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). The major contaminant was p,p'-DDE. The highest p,p'-DDE concentration was found in wild milkfish from Mtwara (715...
September 26, 2017: Chemosphere
Zhehai Shang, Zhongping Lee, Qiang Dong, Jianwei Wei
Self-shading associated with a skylight-blocked approach (SBA) system for the measurement of water-leaving radiance (Lw) and its correction [Appl. Opt.52, 1693 (2013)APOPAI0003-693510.1364/AO.52.001693] is characterized by Monte Carlo simulations, and it is found that this error is in a range of ∼1%-20% under most water properties and solar positions. A model for estimating this shading error is further developed, and eventually a scheme to correct this error based on the shaded measurements is proposed and evaluated...
September 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Guadalupe Calderón-Leyva, Cesar A Meza-Herrera, Rafael Rodriguez-Martinez, Oscar Angel-García, Raymundo Rivas-Muñoz, Juan V Delgado-Bermejo, Francisco G Véliz-Deras
The aim of this study was to determine if exogenous administration of glutamate and (or) testosterone to male rams during the season of reproductive arrest is able to re-activate male sexual behavior and, later on, to promote through the male effect, both sexual and reproductive competence of anovulatory nulliparous ewes. Therefore, an experiment was performed under long-day photoperiods (spring; photo-reproductive arrest, 26°N). Dorper rams were randomly divided into four homogeneous experimental groups (n = 5 males each) regarding live weight (LW), body condition score (BCS), scrotal circumference (SC) and odor intensity (OI)...
October 9, 2017: Theriogenology
Patrick Krauss, Holger Schulze, Claus Metzner
In Lévy walks (LWs), particles move with a fixed speed along straight line segments and turn in new directions after random time intervals that are distributed according to a power law. Such LWs are thought to be an advantageous foraging and search strategy for organisms. While complex nervous systems are certainly capable of producing such behavior, it is not clear at present how single-cell organisms can generate the long-term correlated control signals required for a LW. Here, we construct a biochemical reaction system that generates long-time correlated concentration fluctuations of a signaling substance, with a tunable fractional exponent of the autocorrelation function...
2017: Artificial Life
V Pinheiro, D Outor-Monteiro, J L Mourão, J W Cone, A L Lourenço
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the level of alfalfa in the diet on feed intake and digestibility of two types of rabbits, wild (Oryctolagus cuniculus algirus) vs. domestic (O. cuniculus cuniculus). Ten wild (W; mean LW = 927 g) and 10 domestic (D; mean LW = 4,645 g) adult rabbit does were fed ad libitum two pelleted diets: a control diet (C) with 15% of dehydrated alfalfa hay (as feed basis) and a test diet (A) with 36% of dehydrated alfalfa hay (as feed basis), according to a change-over design...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Muriel Bourdin, Jean-Rene Lacour, Charles Imbert, Laurent André Messonnier
The present study investigated morphological and physiological factors of rowing ergometer performance over 2000 m (P2000, W) in 70 national and international level [27 lightweight (LW) and 43 heavyweight (HW)] female rowers. Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max, L.min(-1)), maximal aerobic power (Pamax, W), power output corresponding to 4 mmol.L(-1) blood lactate concentration expressed in absolute (PLa4, W) and relative to Pamax (PLa4%, %) values, peak power output (Ppeak, W), and rowing gross efficiency (RGE, %) were determined during an incremental rowing test...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Jérémy Ratel, Christelle Planche, Frédéric Mercier, Patrick Blinet, Nathalie Kondjoyan, Philippe Marchand, Agnès Fournier, Angélique Travel, Catherine Jondreville, Erwan Engel
Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is a critical emerging brominated flame retardant to which consumers can be exposed at high doses through a single food intake. Based on an animal experiment involving 3 groups of laying hens fed during 70 days with a control diet or γ-HBCD-contaminated diets at 0.1 or 10 μg γ-HBCD g(-1) feed, this study aims to use the volatolome of biological samples for revealing markers of livestock exposure to HBCD. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to monitor the time-course of HBCD levels in bodily samples...
September 17, 2017: Chemosphere
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