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Fernando Montealegre-Z, Jessica Ogden, Thorin Jonsson, Carl D Soulsbury
Male katydids produce mating calls by stridulation using specialized structures on the forewings. The right wing (RW) bears a scraper connected to a drum-like cell known as the mirror and a left wing (LW) that overlaps the RW and bears a serrated vein on the ventral side, the stridulatory file. Sound is generated with the scraper sweeping across the file, producing vibrations that are amplified by the mirror. Using this sound generator, katydids exploit a range of song carrier frequencies (CF) unsurpassed by any other insect group, with species singing as low as 600 Hz and others as high as 150 kHz...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Wale J Adeyemi, Luqman A Olayaki
BACKGROUND: There is a continuous search for a better therapy in osteoarthritis (OA) management. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of salmon calcitonin (Sct) and/or omega-3 fatty acids (N-3) relative to diclofenac sodium (DF) in induced knee osteoarthritic male Wistar rats. METHODS: The 40 rats that were used in this study were divided into 8 groups (n=5 rats), viz: Normal control; OA control; OA+N-3; OA+Low dose of Sct (Sct.Lw); OA+High dose of Sct (Sct...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
A T Piñeiro-Vázquez, G Jiménez-Ferrer, J A Alayon-Gamboa, A J Chay-Canul, A J Ayala-Burgos, C F Aguilar-Pérez, J C Ku-Vera
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of quebracho tannins extract (QTE) on feed intake, dry matter (DM) digestibility, and methane (CH4) emissions in cattle fed low-quality Pennisetum purpureum grass. Five heifers (Bos taurus × Bos indicus) with an average live weight (LW) of 295 ± 19 kg were allotted to five treatments (0, 1, 2, 3, and 4% QTE/kg DM) in a 5 × 5 Latin square design. Intake, digestibility, and total methane emissions (L/day) were recorded for periods of 23 h when cattle were housed in open-circuit respiration chambers...
September 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Sultana Akter, Markus Vehniäinen, Harri T Kankaanpää, Urpo Lamminmäki
Nodularin (NOD) is a cyclic penta-peptide hepatotoxin mainly produced by Nodularia spumigena, reported from the brackish water bodies of various parts of the world. It can accumulate in the food chain and, for safety reasons, levels of NOD not only in water bodies but also in food matrices are of interest. Here, we report on a non-competitive immunoassay for the specific detection of NOD. A phage display technique was utilized to interrogate a synthetic antibody phage library for binders recognizing NOD bound to an anti-ADDA (3-Amino-9-methoxy-2,6,8-trimethyl-10-phenyldeca-4(E),6(E)-dienoic acid) monoclonal antibody (Mab)...
September 12, 2017: Microorganisms
Shucheng Zheng, Pu Wang, Huizhong Sun, Julius Matsiko, Yanfen Hao, Derong Meng, Yingming Li, Guogang Zhang, Qinghua Zhang, Guibin Jiang
Several persistent organic pollutants, including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), were comprehensively investigated in the egg, muscle and liver samples of Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrines) collected from Cangzhou Wetland in western Bohai Bay, China. DDTs were the most abundant contaminants (35.4-9853ngg(-1) lipid weight, lw), followed by HCHs, PCBs, PBDEs and HCB...
September 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Tao Han, Ming-Hong Wu, Chao Zang, Rui Sun, Liang Tang, Ning Liu, Jian-Qiu Lei, Hai-Yang Shao, Jian-Zhong Gu, Gang Xu
The concentrations and spatial distributions of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) were measured in tree bark from different functional areas of Shanghai. ΣHBCDD (sum of α-, β-, and γ-HBCDD) concentrations ranged from 1.2 × 10(2) to 6.6 × 10(3) ng g(-1) lw (median 5.7 × 10(2) ng g(-1) lw) and TBBPA concentrations ranged from 48 to 7.2 × 10(4) ng g(-1) lw (median 2.8 × 10(2) ng g(-1) lw). The concentrations of ΣHBCDD and TBBPA all followed the order of industrial areas > commercial areas > residential areas...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Huiting Huang, Lirong Gao, Dan Xia, Lin Qiao
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are highly complex technical mixtures, and the short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are classed as persistent and have been included in the Stockholm Convention. However, there have been few studies of SCCPs and medium chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) and their bioaccumulation and biomagnification in different species of fish. The present study investigated the levels, congener group profiles, bioaccumulation, and biomagnification of SCCPs and MCCPs in different species of fish from Liaodong Bay, North China...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Luigi Consolino, Seungyong Jung, Annamaria Campa, Michele De Regis, Shovon Pal, Jae Hyun Kim, Kazuue Fujita, Akio Ito, Masahiro Hitaka, Saverio Bartalini, Paolo De Natale, Mikhail A Belkin, Miriam Serena Vitiello
Terahertz sources based on intracavity difference-frequency generation in mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers (THz DFG-QCLs) have recently emerged as the first monolithic electrically pumped semiconductor sources capable of operating at room temperature across the 1- to 6-THz range. Despite tremendous progress in power output, which now exceeds 1 mW in pulsed and 10 μW in continuous-wave regimes at room temperature, knowledge of the major figure of merits of these devices for high-precision spectroscopy, such as spectral purity and absolute frequency tunability, is still lacking...
September 2017: Science Advances
Verônica Cristina Mayrinck Victorio, Gustavo H M F Souza, Millena Cristina Barros Santos, Andrés Rodríguez Vega, L C Cameron, Mariana Simões Larraz Ferreira
Soluble proteins were extracted from common wheat flour obtained from nine cultivars of different qualities and were analyzed by nanoUPLC and Ultra Definition Mass Spectrometry (UDMS(E)) label-free quantitative approach. Collectively, 5894 proteins were identified and quantified with 8 peptides/protein. A total of 414 proteins were found differentially expressed with 85% proteins not yet described in the literature, according to their biological function. Quality-related proteins, such as puroindolines and chaperones, notably involved in the gluten-protein folding process, were up-regulated in superior (SP) and medium (MD) flours qualities and down-regulated in the low (LW) ones...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
C I V Manzanilla-Pech, R F Veerkamp, Y de Haas, M P L Calus, J Ten Napel
Given the interest of including dry matter intake (DMI) in the breeding goal, accurate estimated breeding values (EBV) for DMI are needed, preferably for separate lactations. Due to the limited amount of records available on DMI, 2 main approaches have been suggested to compute those EBV: (1) the inclusion of predictor traits, such as fat- and protein-corrected milk (FPCM) and live weight (LW), and (2) the addition of genomic information of animals using what is called genomic prediction. Recently, several methodologies to estimate EBV utilizing genomic information (EBV) have become available...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Ivan Toplak, Tamaš Petrović, Dejan Vidanović, Sava Lazić, Milanko Šekler, Marija Manić, Miloš Petrović, Urška Kuhar
The lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) isolate SERBIA/Bujanovac/2016 consists of 150,661 nucleotides and has a 99.95% nucleotide identity with the Neethling Warmbaths LW strain isolated in South Africa in 1999. This is the first complete LSDV genome determined in Serbia and also in the Balkan area.
August 31, 2017: Genome Announcements
Eliška Čechová, Šimon Vojta, Petr Kukučka, Anton Kočan, Tomáš Trnovec, Ľubica Palkovičová Murínová, Marijke de Cock, Margot van de Bor, Joakim Askevold, Merete Eggesbø, Martin Scheringer
In this study, 10 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 19 alternative halogenated flame retardants (AFRs) were determined in >450 human milk samples across three European countries, representing northern, western and eastern Europe. This study provides first insights into the occurrence of selected AFRs in mother milk samples and compares them among three European countries. Sums of median concentrations of the most frequently detected PBDEs were 2.16, 0.88 and 0.45ngg(-1) lipid weight (lw) in Norway, the Netherlands and Slovakia, respectively...
August 23, 2017: Environment International
Ying Yao, Valentin Voillet, Maeva Jegou, Magali SanCristobal, Samir Dou, Véronique Romé, Yannick Lippi, Yvon Billon, Marie-Christine Père, Gaëlle Boudry, Laure Gress, Nathalie Iannucelli, Pierre Mormède, Hélène Quesnel, Laurianne Canario, Laurence Liaubet, Isabelle Le Huërou-Luron
BACKGROUND: Maturity of intestinal functions is critical for neonatal health and survival, but comprehensive description of mechanisms underlying intestinal maturation that occur during late gestation still remain poorly characterized. The aim of this study was to investigate biological processes specifically involved in intestinal maturation by comparing fetal jejunal transcriptomes of two representative porcine breeds (Large White, LW; Meishan, MS) with contrasting neonatal vitality and maturity, at two key time points during late gestation (gestational days 90 and 110)...
August 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
Chanthadary Inthavong, Frédéric Hommet, François Bordet, Virginie Rigourd, Thierry Guérin, Sylviane Dragacci
TBBPA and HBCDs are the two classes of flame retardants that are still allowed for use by the European Commission. In May 2013, HBCDs were listed as Persistent Organic Pollutants under the Stockholm Convention, and they were banned with an exemption on EPS/XPS for cavity wall insulation. This study describes the development and optimisation of a rapid LC-ESI-MS/MS method using isotopic dilution quantification including a simplified extraction step using a mixture of solvents and sulphuric acid hydrolysis followed by the one-shot analysis of TBBPA and each of the α-, β- and γ-HBCD diastereoisomers...
November 2017: Chemosphere
Yassine El Megdiche, Walid Ben Ameur, Hammami Bèchir, Sihem Ben Hassine, Barhoumi Badreddine, Soufiane Touil, Mohamed Ridha Driss, Ethel Eljarrat, Damia Barceló
Information on the occurrence of organobrominated compounds in bivalves from Tunisia is scarce. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of these compounds in clams from Tunisia. The aim of this study is to measure natural and synthetic organobrominated compound concentrations and evaluate congener distribution and pollution sources in a clam species (Ruditapes decussatus) from three sites of the Bizerte Lagoon. Total synthetic organobrominated pollutant levels in clam ranged from 34.8 to 188ngg(-1)lw...
August 14, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
J M Ríos, N B Lana, N F Ciocco, A Covaci, E Barrera-Oro, E Moreira, J C Altamirano
In the present study, the possible associations between selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and biological factors were assessed in different tissues of two Antarctic notothenioid fish: Notothenia rossii (NOR) and Trematomus newnesi (TRN) collected at Potter Cove, King George Island/Isla 25 de Mayo, South Shetland Islands. Specifically, association patterns between biological factors (body size, lipid content, body condition) and POP concentrations (polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and metabolites, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), chlordanes (CHLs) and methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (MeO-PBDEs)), were explored by using two approaches: multivariate analyses (principal component analysis: PCA) and intraspecific correlations...
August 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Kenneth J Voss, Howard R Gordon, Stephanie Flora, B Carol Johnson, Mark Yarbrough, Michael Feinholz, Terrence Houlihan
The upwelling radiance attenuation coefficient (KLu) in the upper 10 m of the water column can be significantly influenced by inelastic scattering processes, and thus will vary even with homogeneous water properties. The Marine Optical BuoY (MOBY), the primary vicarious calibration site for many ocean color sensors, makes measurements of the upwelling radiance (Lu) at 1 m, 5 m, and 9 m and uses these values to determine KLu and propagate the upwelling radiance directed toward the zenith, Lu, at 1 m to and through the surface...
July 2017: J Atmos Ocean Technol
C Munschy, N Bely, K Héas-Moisan, N Olivier, V Loizeau
Tissue-specific accumulation and distribution of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and their debrominated metabolites were studied in common sole (Solea solea) over an entire reproduction cycle. The fish were dietary-exposed to selected PBDEs in laboratory-controlled conditions for one year. Fish of both sexes were sampled throughout the reproduction cycle and their muscle, liver, viscera, carcass, skin and gonads (female) were analysed for total lipid content, PBDEs and their debrominated metabolites...
August 3, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
J G Madsen, E Seoni, M Kreuzer, P Silacci, G Bee
Lightweight (LW) piglets from large litters display impaired growth performance compared with heavier littermates. This study investigated the growth performance and muscle development of early-weaned LW piglets (birthweight <1.2 kg) from large litters (17.3 ± 3.0 total born per litter), fed ad libitum a milk replacer supplemented with either l-carnitine (CAR) or l-arginine (ARG) from day 7 to day 28 of age. In total, 36 female and entire male Swiss Large White piglets, weaned on day 7 of age, were artificially reared in pairs in rescue decks...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Catherine Jondreville, Ronan Cariou, Angélique Travel, Louis-Jean Belhomme, Gaud Dervilly-Pinel, Bruno Le Bizec, Adeline Huneau-Salaün, Sophie Le Bouquin-Leneveu
The overall concentration of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) in eggs is low although abnormally high concentrations exceeding 3000 ng g(-1) lw have been reported. In order to test whether these contaminations may originate from the ingestion of insulating materials in rearing buildings, a group of 55 hens raised in a collective cage was provided with a 64-g piece of extruded polystyrene (XPS, 2.59% HBCDD of which 75, 15 and 10% as α-, β- and γ-HBCDD, respectively). Hens entirely consumed the piece within 3 days, leading to a mean daily exposure of 4...
November 2017: Chemosphere
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