keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lw

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346084/is-there-a-role-for-pharmacogenetics-in-the-dosing-of-fentanyl
#1
Stijn Lw Koolen, Carin Cd Van der Rijt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338989/a-simple-stable-carbon-isotope-method-for-investigating-changes-in-the-use-of-recent-versus-old-carbon-in-oak
#2
Danny McCarroll, Matthew Whitney, Giles H F Young, Neil J Loader, Mary H Gagen
Stable carbon isotope ratios from early-wood (EW) and late-wood (LW) are used to test competing models of carbon storage and allocation, providing a cost-effective alternative to measuring and dating non-structural carbohydrates in mature temperate broad-leaf forest trees growing under natural conditions. Annual samples of EW and LW from seven mature oaks (Quercus robur L.) from Scotland, covering AD 1924-2012, were pooled, treated to isolate alpha-cellulose and pyrolysed to measure the carbon isotope ratios...
March 18, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335096/estimation-of-methane-emissions-from-local-and-crossbreed-beef-cattle-in-dak-lak-province-of-vietnam
#3
Carlos Alberto Ramírez-Restrepo, Dung Van Tien, Ngoan Le Duc, Mario Herrero, Phung Le Dinh, Dung Dinh Van, Sen Le Thi Hoa, Cuong Vu Chi, Cesar Solano-Patiño, Amy M Lerner, Timothy D Searchinger
Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating effects of cattle breed resources and alternative mixed-feeding practices on meat productivity and emission intensities from household farming systems in Daklak Province, Vietnam. Methods: Records from Local Yellow x Red Sindhi (Bos indicus; Lai Sind) and ½ Limousin, ½ Drought Master and ½ Red Angus cattle during the growth (0 to 21 months) and fattening (22 to 25 months) periods were used to better understand variations on meat productivity and enteric methane emissions...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325340/low-molecular-weight-xanthan-gum-for-treating-osteoarthritis
#4
Guanying Han, Qixin Chen, Fei Liu, Zan Cui, Huarong Shao, Fuyan Liu, Aibin Ma, Joshua Liao, Bin Guo, Yuewei Guo, Fengshan Wang, Peixue Ling, Xifan Mei
Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common chronic diseases and characterized by degradation of articular cartilage. We have previously reported xanthan gum (XG) injection preparation with high molecular weights (Mw) in ranging from 3×10(6)Da to 5×10(6)Da (HM-XG) could enhance the viscosity of synovial fluid, protect joint cartilage in rabbit, and the therapeutical effect has no significance difference with an existing clinical medication (sodium hyaluronate, SH) at the same injection frequency (once weekly for 5 weeks)...
May 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323950/breaking-up-prolonged-sitting-alters-the-postprandial-plasma-lipidomic-profile-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Megan S Grace, Paddy C Dempsey, Parneet Sethi, Piyushkumar A Mundra, Natalie A Mellett, Jacquelyn M Weir, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Peter J Meikle, Bronwyn A Kingwell
Context: Postprandial dysmetabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is exacerbated by prolonged sitting, and may trigger inflammation and oxidative stress. It is unknown what impact countermeasures to prolonged sitting have on the postprandial lipidome. Objective: In this study, we investigated the effects of regular interruptions to sitting, compared to prolonged sitting, on the postprandial plasma lipidome. Design: Randomized cross-over experimental trial...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320326/lw-fqzip-2-a-parallelized-reference-based-compression-of-fastq-files
#6
Zhi-An Huang, Zhenkun Wen, Qingjin Deng, Ying Chu, Yiwen Sun, Zexuan Zhu
BACKGROUND: The rapid progress of high-throughput DNA sequencing techniques has dramatically reduced the costs of whole genome sequencing, which leads to revolutionary advances in gene industry. The explosively increasing volume of raw data outpaces the decreasing disk cost and the storage of huge sequencing data has become a bottleneck of downstream analyses. Data compression is considered as a solution to reduce the dependency on storage. Efficient sequencing data compression methods are highly demanded...
March 20, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320313/retention-of-duplicated-long-wavelength-opsins-in-mosquito-lineages-by-positive-selection-and-differential-expression
#7
Gloria I Giraldo-Calderón, Michael J Zanis, Catherine A Hill
BACKGROUND: Opsins are light sensitive receptors associated with visual processes. Insects typically possess opsins that are stimulated by ultraviolet, short and long wavelength (LW) radiation. Six putative LW-sensitive opsins predicted in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti and malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and eight in the southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, suggest gene expansion in the Family Culicidae (mosquitoes) relative to other insects. Here we report the first detailed molecular and evolutionary analyses of LW opsins in three mosquito vectors, with a goal to understanding the molecular basis of opsin-mediated visual processes that could be exploited for mosquito control...
March 21, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318464/effects-of-a-dietary-crude-fibre-concentrate-on-growth-in-weaned-piglets
#8
P Superchi, R Saleri, P Borghetti, G Ferrarini, V Cavalli, M Sereni, S Zavattini, A Sabbioni
Many fibre sources can help the adaptation of piglets at weaning, improving the growth. In this study, the effects of a dietary crude fibre concentrate (CFC) on piglet's growth was investigated. From 31 to 51 days of age, 108 weaned piglets (D×(Lw×L)), had access to two isofibrous, isoenergetic and isonitrogenous diets, supplemented with 1% of CFC (CFC group) or not (control (CON) group). From days 52 to 64 all piglets received the same starter diet. During the dietary treatment period the CFC group showed higher average daily gain, average daily feed intake and feed efficiency (P<0...
March 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288187/prevention-of-downhill-walking-induced-muscle-damage-by-non-damaging-downhill-walking
#9
Sumiaki Maeo, Masayoshi Yamamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Kazunori Nosaka
PURPOSE: Mountain trekking involves level, uphill, and downhill walking (DW). Prolonged DW induces damage to leg muscles, reducing force generating ability and muscle coordination. These increase risks for more serious injuries and accidents in mountain trekking, thus a strategy to minimize muscle damage is warranted. It has been shown that low-intensity eccentric contractions confer protective effect on muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric contractions. This study tested the hypothesis that 5-min non-damaging DW would attenuate muscle damage induced by 40-min DW, but 5-min level walking (LW) would not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283410/insecticide-pyrethroids-in-liver-of-striped-dolphin-from-the-mediterranean-sea
#10
Òscar Aznar-Alemany, Joan Giménez, Renaud de Stephanis, Ethel Eljarrat, Damià Barceló
Pyrethroid pesticides were analysed in liver of striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) from the Alboran Sea (south of Spain, Mediterranean Sea). The occurrence and bioaccumulation of pyrethroid insecticides in marine mammal tissues from the northern hemisphere had never been determined before. Pyrethroids were detected in 87% of the specimens with a mean total concentration of 300 ng g(-1) lw ± 932 (range 2.7-5200 ng g(-1) lw). Permethrin and tetramethrin were the main contributors to the pyrethroid profiles, with enantiospecific accumulation for the first and isomer specific accumulation for the latter...
March 7, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281854/capsaicin-pretreatment-reversed-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-by-alleviating-inflammation-via-p38mapk-pathway
#11
Ying Xu, Qin Gu, Chen Qu
Purpose/aim: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a lethal disease associated with pulmonary vascular remodeling as well as inflammation. As a kind of tachykinin secreted by nerves and inflammatory cells, substance P (SP) has been proved to be involved in the progression of PAH. Capsaicin can deplete substance P and provide benefits in PAH. However, the mechanism is still unclear. In this article, we aim to illustrate the possible mechanism involved in the process of capsaicin alleviating PAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single injection of monocrotaline (MCT) to male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was conducted to induce PAH...
March 10, 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273534/levels-and-profiles-of-organohalogenated-contaminants-in-human-blood-from-egypt
#12
Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Amen Hamdy Zaky, Adrian Covaci
Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and some organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were determined in serum of Egyptian colorectal cancer patients (n = 35) and compared to a healthy control group (n = 32). p,p'-DDE (the major metabolite of DDT) was the most frequently detected contaminant with the highest concentration (median = 131 ng/g lw) in all studied serum samples. BDE-209 was the least frequently detected contaminant with a median concentration <0...
March 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270200/measuring-cochlear-duct-length-a-historical-analysis-of-methods-and-results
#13
REVIEW
Robert W Koch, Hanif M Ladak, Mai Elfarnawany, Sumit K Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Cochlear Duct Length (CDL) has been an important measure for the development and advancement of cochlear implants. Emerging literature has shown CDL can be used in preoperative settings to select the proper sized electrode and develop customized frequency maps. In order to improve post-operative outcomes, and develop new electrode technologies, methods of measuring CDL must be validated to allow usage in the clinic. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to assess the various techniques used to calculate CDL and provide the reader with enough information to make an informed decision on how to conduct future studies measuring the CDL...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268805/missing-rri-interpolation-for-hrv-analysis-using-locally-weighted-partial-least-squares-regression
#14
Keisuke Kamata, Koichi Fujiwara, Toshiki Yamakawa, Manabu Kano
The R-R interval (RRI) fluctuation in electrocardiogram (ECG) is called heart rate variability (HRV). Since HRV reflects autonomic nervous function, HRV-based health monitoring services, such as stress estimation, drowsy driving detection, and epileptic seizure prediction, have been proposed. In these HRV-based health monitoring services, precise R wave detection from ECG is required; however, R waves cannot always be detected due to ECG artifacts. Missing RRI data should be interpolated appropriately for HRV analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264752/diet-selection-and-performance-of-horses-grazing-on-different-heathland-types
#15
C López López, L M M Ferreira, U García, J Moreno-Gonzalo, M A M Rodrigues, K Osoro, I Ferre, R Celaya
The number of horses in northern Spanish mountains has increased in recent decades, but little is known about their grazing behaviour, performance and potential for foal meat production. This research aimed to study the diet selection, liveweight (LW) changes and parasitic status of dry and lactating mares, and foals' LW gains, grazing on heathlands with different botanical composition. The experimental design consisted of three vegetation types: dominated by heather (Ericaceae) species (H), dominated by gorse (Ulex gallii; G) and co-dominated by gorse and heath-grasses (G-G), with four replicates per treatment (12 paddocks of 1...
March 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260817/an-evaluation-of-marine-regions-relevant-for-ocean-color-system-vicarious-calibration
#16
Giuseppe Zibordi, Frédéric Mélin
System Vicarious Calibration (SVC) is the fundamental process commonly implemented to meet uncertainty requirements in satellite ocean color data. It is performed by applying gain factors, g-factors, to the pre-launch calibration coefficients of the space sensor already corrected for sensitivity decay with time. Mission specific g-factors are determined from top-of-the-atmosphere data computed by propagating highly accurate in situ values of the water-leaving radiance, Lw, to the satellite sensor. Values of Lw from marine regions characterized by oligotrophic/mesotrophic waters and maritime aerosols, high environmental stability and spatial homogeneity, low cloudiness and absence of any source of land contamination, are essential to determine g-factors applicable to the creation of Climate Data Records (CDRs) from multiple ocean color missions...
March 1, 2017: Remote Sensing of Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254052/accumulation-of-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-breast-milk-of-women-from-an-e-waste-recycling-center-in-china
#17
Xinghong Li, Yuan Tian, Yun Zhang, Yujie Ben, Quanxia Lv
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) can be transferred to infants through the ingestion of breast milk, resulting in potential health risk. In this study, PBDEs, hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) and 2,2',4,4',5,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl (CB-153) in human milk from women living adjacent to e-waste recycling sites of Wenling, China, were investigated. The median level of PBDEs in samples from residents living in the e-waste recycling environment >20years (R20 group, 19.5ng/g lipid weight (lw)) was significantly higher than that for residents living in Wenling <3years (R3 group, 3...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245621/detection-of-cyanotoxins-in-algae-dietary-supplements
#18
Audrey Roy-Lachapelle, Morgan Solliec, Maryse F Bouchard, Sébastien Sauvé
Algae dietary supplements are marketed worldwide as natural health products. Although their proprieties have been claimed as beneficial to improve overall health, there have been several previous reports of contamination by cyanotoxins. These products generally contain non-toxic cyanobacteria, but the methods of cultivation in natural waters without appropriate quality controls allow contamination by toxin producer species present in the natural environment. In this study, we investigated the presence of total microcystins, seven individual microcystins (RR, YR, LR, LA, LY, LW, LF), anatoxin-a, dihydroanatoxin-a, epoxyanatoxin-a, cylindrospermopsin, saxitoxin, and β-methylamino-l-alanine in 18 different commercially available products containing Spirulina or Aphanizomenon flos-aquae...
February 25, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227000/missing-rri-interpolation-for-hrv-analysis-using-locally-weighted-partial-least-squares-regression
#19
Keisuke Kamata, Koichi Fujiwara, Toshiki Yamakawa, Manabu Kano, Keisuke Kamata, Koichi Fujiwara, Toshiki Yamakawa, Manabu Kano
The R-R interval (RRI) fluctuation in electrocardiogram (ECG) is called heart rate variability (HRV). Since HRV reflects autonomic nervous function, HRV-based health monitoring services, such as stress estimation, drowsy driving detection, and epileptic seizure prediction, have been proposed. In these HRV-based health monitoring services, precise R wave detection from ECG is required; however, R waves cannot always be detected due to ECG artifacts. Missing RRI data should be interpolated appropriately for HRV analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222521/the-effects-of-lw-afc-on-the-hippocampal-transcriptome-in-senescence-accelerated-mouse-prone-8-strain-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Jianhui Wang, Yang Liu, Xiaorui Cheng, Xiaorui Zhang, Feng Liu, Gang Liu, Shanyi Qiao, Ming Ni, Wenxia Zhou, Yongxiang Zhang, Fei Li
The senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) strain is considered a robust experimental model for developing preventative and therapeutic treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease which cannot be effectively prevented, halted, or cured. Our previous studies showed that LW-AFC, a new formula derived from the classical traditional Chinese medicinal prescription Liuwei Dihuang decoction, ameliorates cognitive deterioration in PrP-hAβPPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic mice and SAMP8 mice. This study aims to investigate the mechanism that mediates how LW-AFC improves cognitive deficit on the basis of the transcriptome...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
keyword
keyword
117783
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"