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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#1
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531643/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-vitamins-and-minerals-attenuate-renal-electrolyte-loss-in-hiv-aids-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-zambia
#2
D Munkombwe, T L Muungo, C Michelo, P Kelly, S Chirwa, S Filteau
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced HIV infection combined with undernutrition and antiretroviral therapy (ART) places HIV/AIDS patients at high risk of electrolyte abnormalities and increased morbidity and mortality. Here, in a sub-study of a large published randomized trial, we evaluated if nutritional supplements will help curtail renal electrolyte loss in HIV/AIDS patients starting ART. METHODS: 130 malnourished HIV-positive patients referred for ART received lipid-based nutrient supplements alone (LNS, n = 63) or together with vitamins and minerals (LNS-VM, n = 67)...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531407/cost-effectiveness-of-treatment-with-nutritional-supplements-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Gregor Mlinšek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531276/impact-of-vitamin-a-and-carotenoids-on-the-risk-of-tuberculosis-progression
#4
Omowunmi Aibana, Molly F Franke, Chuan-Chin Huang, Jerome T Galea, Roger Calderon, Zibiao Zhang, Mercedes C Becerra, Emily R Smith, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carmen Contreras, Rosa Yataco, Leonid Lecca, Megan B Murray
Background: Low and deficient levels of vitamin A are common in low and middle income countries where tuberculosis (TB) burden is high. We assessed the impact of baseline levels of vitamins A and carotenoids on TB disease risk. Methods: We conducted a case-control study nested within a longitudinal cohort of household contacts of pulmonary TB cases in Lima, Peru. We defined cases as HIV-negative household contacts with blood samples who developed TB disease at least 15 days after enrollment of index patient...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529919/the-role-of-nutraceuticals-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Bozena Sosnowska, Peter Penson, Maciej Banach
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) ranks among the most common health-related and economic issues worldwide. Dietary factors are important contributors to cardiovascular risk, either directly, or through their effects on other cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Nutraceuticals are natural nutritional compounds, which have been shown to be efficacious in preventative medicine or in the treatment of disease. Several foods and dietary supplements have been shown to protect against the development of CVD...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529552/cancer-induced-muscle-wasting-latest-findings-in-prevention-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Zaira Aversa, Paola Costelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Cancer cachexia is a severe and disabling clinical condition that frequently accompanies the development of many types of cancer. Muscle wasting is the hallmark of cancer cachexia and is associated with serious clinical consequences such as physical impairment, poor quality of life, reduced tolerance to treatments and shorter survival. Cancer cachexia may evolve through different stages of clinical relevance, namely pre-cachexia, cachexia and refractory cachexia. Given its detrimental clinical consequences, it appears mandatory to prevent and/or delay the progression of cancer cachexia to its refractory stage by implementing the early recognition and treatment of the nutritional and metabolic alterations occurring during cancer...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#7
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529448/systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-foodservice-interventions-and-their-effect-on-nutritional-outcomes-and-satisfaction-of-adult-oncology-patients
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth Doyle, Natalie Simmance, Helen Wilding, Judi Porter
AIM: An understanding of effective foodservice interventions on nutrition outcomes in adult patients with cancer is required to support clinical decision making. This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of foodservice interventions across a range of nutritional outcomes and satisfaction of hospitalised and ambulatory adult oncology patients. METHODS: The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42016045772). Six databases were searched using search terms associated with the intervention and population...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528793/comparison-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-bioimpedance-in-assessing-body-composition-and-nutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#9
Velena Popovic, Bo Zerahn, James Goya Heaf
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are characterized by protein malnutrition and muscle wasting. Reliable, easy, and cheap methods for evaluating nutrition are desirable. Three methods are commonly available: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioimpedance (BI), and subjective global assessment (SGA).The objective of the study was to compare the previously mentioned methods for assessment of body composition and nutritional status in PD patients. DESIGN: The study is cross-sectional and consisted of 72 PD patients from a single center PD ambulatorium...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528340/evaluation-of-hypocaloric-diet-with-protein-supplementation-in-middle-aged-sarcopenic-obese-women-a-pilot-study
#10
Rosa Sammarco, Maurizio Marra, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Marianna Naccarato, Franco Contaldo, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of the subject's ideal fat free mass. All subjects were randomly assigned to different nutritional interventions: Hypocaloric diet plus placebo (A) and hypocaloric high-protein diet (1...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528321/omega-3-fatty-acids-lipids-and-apoe-lipidation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-rationale-for-multi-nutrient-dementia-prevention
#11
Marcus O Grimm, Daniel Michaelson, Tobias Hartmann
In the last decade it has become obvious that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is closely linked to changes in lipids or lipid metabolism. One of the main pathological hallmarks of AD is amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition. Aβ is derived from sequential proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Interestingly, both, the APP and all APP secretases are transmembrane proteins which cleave APP close to and in the lipid bilayer. Moreover, apolipoprotein E4 (apoE4) has been identified as the most prevalent genetic risk factor for AD...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#12
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525992/water-and-beverage-consumption-patterns-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: The UK government has announced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The aim of this study was to assess consumption patterns for plain drinking water relative to sugary beverages among UK children. METHODS: Dietary intake data for 845 children aged 4-13 years came from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2008-2011. Beverage categories were drinking water (tap or bottled), milk, 100% fruit juices, soda, fruit drinks, tea, coffee, sports drinks, flavored waters, and liquid supplements...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524103/potential-impact-of-nutrition-on-immune-system-recovery-from-heavy-exertion-a-metabolomics-perspective
#14
REVIEW
David C Nieman, Susan Hazels Mitmesser
This review describes effective and ineffective immunonutrition support strategies for the athlete, with a focus on the benefits of carbohydrates and polyphenols as determined from metabolomics-based procedures. Athletes experience regular cycles of physiological stress accompanied by transient inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune perturbations, and there are increasing data indicating that these are sensitive to nutritional influences. The most effective nutritional countermeasures, especially when considered from a metabolomics perspective, include acute and chronic increases in dietary carbohydrate and polyphenols...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523992/nutrition-and-exercise-in-sarcopenia
#15
Stephen D Anton, Azumi Hida, Robert Mankowski, Andrew Layne, Lawrence Solberg, Arch G Mainous, Thomas W Buford
Sarcopenia is a debilitating condition that involves loss of muscle mass and function, which affects virtually everyone as they age, and can lead to frailty and ultimately disability. In growing recognition of the importance of both muscle strength and muscle mass relative to body size in contributing to functional decline, recent definitions have now incorporated grip strength and a correction for body mass as part of the key criteria that define sarcopenia. With this new definition, a much larger population of older adults are now at risk of sarcopenia...
December 27, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523298/role-of-genetic-polymorphism-in-nutritional-supplementation-therapy-in-personalized-medicine
#16
Nicolae Ovidiu Peneş, Bernard Weber, Silviu Dumitru Păun
Genetic-guided nutritional supplementation therapy in personalized medicine is the type of treatment that prevents and acts against errors during the copying process of a cell's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), mistakes that lead to diversification in the DNA sequence at certain locations, called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Positive results are quickly achieved using one of the four types of therapy. These types are: personalized, when individual human genetic variations drive individual treatment, preventive, with a tailored healthcare strategy and therapeutic preventive drugs and vaccines, participatory, when empowered patients make informed choices and take responsibility of their own health and predictive, using a proactive approach to health and medicine...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522417/physiological-responses-of-insects-to-microbial-fermentation-products-insights-from-the-interactions-between-drosophila-and-acetic-acid
#17
Geonho Kim, Jia Hsin Huang, John G McMullen, Peter D Newell, Angela E Douglas
Acetic acid is a fermentation product of many microorganisms, including some that inhabit the food and guts of Drosophila. Here, we investigated the effect of dietary acetic acid on oviposition and larval performance of Drosophila. At all concentrations tested (0.34-3.4%), acetic acid promoted egg deposition by mated females in no-choice assays; and females preferred to oviposit on diet with acetic acid relative to acetic acid-free diet. However, acetic acid depressed larval performance, particularly extending the development time of both larvae colonized with the bacterium Acetobacter pomorum and axenic (microbe-free) larvae...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522351/effect-of-early-supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-paediatric-icu-a-preplanned-observational-study-of-post-randomisation-treatments-in-the-pepanic-trial
#18
Ilse Vanhorebeek, Sascha Verbruggen, Michaël P Casaer, Jan Gunst, Pieter J Wouters, Jan Hanot, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Dirk Vlasselaers, Koen Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Large randomised controlled trials have shown that early supplemental parenteral nutrition in patients admitted to adult and paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) is harmful. Overdosing of energy with too little protein was suggested as a potential reason for this. This study analysed which macronutrient was associated with harm caused by early supplemental parenteral nutrition in the Paediatric Early versus Late Parenteral Nutrition In Critical Illness (PEPaNIC) randomised trial...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521835/adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-presenting-initially-with-acquired-acrodermatitis-enteropathica-a-case-report
#19
Erina Lie, Sarah Sung, Steven Hoseong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency most commonly seen as an inherited disease in infants. In the last decade, increased number of reports have been published on the acquired form that presents in adulthood. Unlike its inherited counterpart, acquired AE (AAE) is often secondary to underlying pathologic or iatrogenic etiologies that interfere with nutritional absorption, such as inflammatory bowel disease or alcoholism. Various gastrointestinal pathologies have been associated with AAE, but there is currently no report on its association with adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE), a rare gastrointestinal disorder commonly seen in infants, with limited cases reported in adults...
May 18, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521102/co2-delivery-to-accelerate-incisional-wound-healing-following-single-irradiation-of-near-infrared-lamp-on-the-coordinated-colloids
#20
Wei-Peng Li, Chia-Hao Su, Sheng-Jung Wang, Fu-Ju Tsai, Chun-Ting Chang, Min-Chiao Liao, Chun-Chieh Yu, Thi-Tuong Vi Tran, Chaw-Ning Lee, Wen-Tai Chiu, Tak-Wah Wong, Chen-Sheng Yeh
Traditional wound care methods include wound infection control, adequate nutritional supplements, education of changing position every 2-3 h to avoid tissue hypoxia, vacuum assistant closure, debridement, skin graft, and tissue flap. Electric current stimulation, ultrasound, laser, and hydrotherapy have emerged as adjuvant therapies. However, most, if not all, of these therapies are expensive, and the treatment results are variable. The development of the active methods to improve wound healing is mandatory...
May 22, 2017: ACS Nano
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