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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924388/fat-supplementation-of-human-milk-for-promoting-growth-in-preterm-infants
#1
REVIEW
Emma A Amissah, Julie Brown, Jane E Harding
BACKGROUND: As preterm infants do not experience the nutrient accretion and rapid growth phase of the third trimester of pregnancy, they are vulnerable to postnatal nutritional deficits, including of fat. Consequently, they require higher fat intakes compared to their full term counterparts to achieve adequate growth and development. Human milk fat provides the major energy needs of the preterm infant and also contributes to several metabolic and physiological functions. Although human milk has many benefits for this population, its fat content is highly variable and may be inadequate for their optimum growth and development...
June 19, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923793/maternal-folic-acid-supplementation-and-antibody-persistence-5-years-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-among-infants
#2
Xinyu Zhao, Xinghuo Pang, Fuzhen Wang, Fuqiang Cui, Li Wang, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Maternal exposure to dietary factors during pregnancy may modulate the immunity of offspring by epigenetic programming. But the relationship between intrauterine environment and persistence of protective antibody after hepatitis B vaccination has not been reported. This study was to investigate the 5-year persistence of protective antibody response after primary hepatitis B vaccination, and its relationship with maternal folic acid supplementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1461 children who completed a 3-dose 10 μg recombinant hepatitis B vaccine at birth and did not infect hepatitis B virus were followed up...
June 20, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920306/pregnancy-as-a-valuable-period-for-preventing-hypoxia-ischemia-brain-damage
#3
REVIEW
C A Netto, E F Sanches, F Odorcyk, L E Duran-Carabali, S V Sizonenko
Neonatal brain Hypoxia-Ischemia (HI) is one of the major causes of infant mortality and lifelong neurological disabilities. The knowledge about the physiopathological mechanisms involved in HI lesion have increased in recent years, however these findings have not been translated into clinical practice. Current therapeutic approaches remain limited; hypothermia, used only in term or near-term infants, is the golden standard. Epidemiological evidence shows a link between adverse prenatal conditions and increased risk for diseases, health problems, and psychological outcomes later in life, what makes pregnancy a relevant period for preventing future brain injury...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916153/sugar-sweetened-beverage-demand-and-tax-simulation-for-federal-food-assistance-participants-a-case-of-two-new-england-states
#4
Theepakorn Jithitikulchai, Tatiana Andreyeva
BACKGROUND: Excessive consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is a major concern in the efforts to improve diet and reduce obesity in USA, particularly among low-income populations. One of the most commonly proposed strategies to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is increasing beverage prices through taxation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether and how price-based policies could reduce sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among participants in the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program...
June 19, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914674/effects-of-early-feeding-and-dietary-interventions-on-development-of-lymphoid-organs-and-immune-competence-in-neonatal-chickens-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Khaled Taha-Abdelaziz, Douglas C Hodgins, Aart Lammers, Tamiru Negash Alkie, Shayan Sharif
With the ongoing intensification of the poultry industry and the continuous need to control pathogens, there is a critical need to extend our understanding of the avian immune system and the role of nutritional interventions on development of immune competence in neonatal chicks. In this review, we will focus on the ontogeny of the lymphoid organs during embryonic life and the first 2 weeks post-hatch, and how early feeding practices improve heath and modulate the development and function of the immune system in young chicks...
July 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914347/cognitive-function-is-preserved-in-aged-mice-following-long-term-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-methylbutyrate-supplementation
#6
Michael Munroe, Ziad S Mahmassani, Svyatoslav Dvoretskiy, Justin J Reid, Benjamin F Miller, Karyn Hamilton, Justin S Rhodes, Marni D Boppart
β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (HMB) is a nutritional supplement purported to enhance skeletal muscle mass and strength, as well as cognitive function in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential for long-term HMB supplementation to preserve muscle function and cognition in aged mice, as well as provide evidence of a link between vessel-associated pericyte function and outcomes. Four- (Adult/Ad) and 17 month-old (Aged/Ag) C57BL/6J mice consumed chow containing 600 mg/kg BW/day of either Ca-HMB (Ad, n=16; Ag, n=17) or Ca-Lactate (Ad, n=16; Ag, n=17) for 6 months...
June 19, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912757/dietary-interventions-in-liver-cirrhosis
#7
Chu Kion Yao, James Fung, Natural Hoi Sing Chu, Victoria Ping Yi Tan
Liver cirrhosis is associated with significant nutritional risks that often result in serious hepatic complications and poor survival rates. Diet is an important but underutilized aspect in the treatment modality of cirrhosis. Therefore, the aims of this review are to ascertain nutritional risks associated with its pathophysiology and to summarize existing evidence that support dietary recommendations for managing this patient population. Alterations in substrate utilization for energy production is a main feature of liver cirrhosis, resulting in increased catabolism of protein stores and a predisposition toward protein-energy malnutrition, even in the early stages of the disease...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910440/red-spinach-extract-increases-ventilatory-threshold-during-graded-exercise-testing
#8
Angelique N Moore, Cody T Haun, Wesley C Kephart, Angelia M Holland, Christopher B Mobley, David D Pascoe, Michael D Roberts, Jeffrey S Martin
Background: We examined the acute effect of a red spinach extract (RSE) (1000 mg dose; ~90 mg nitrate (NO 3 - )) on performance markers during graded exercise testing (GXT). Methods: For this randomized, double-blind, placebo (PBO)-controlled, crossover study, 15 recreationally-active participants (aged 23.1 ± 3.3 years; BMI: 27.2 ± 3.7 kg/m²) reported >2 h post-prandial and performed GXT 65⁻75 min post-RSE or PBO ingestion. Blood samples were collected at baseline (BL), pre-GXT (65⁻75 min post-ingestion; PRE), and immediately post-GXT (POST)...
October 16, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910436/do-bodybuilders-use-evidence-based-nutrition-strategies-to-manipulate-physique
#9
Lachlan Mitchell, Daniel Hackett, Janelle Gifford, Frederico Estermann, Helen O'Connor
Competitive bodybuilders undergo strict dietary and training practices to achieve an extremely lean and muscular physique. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe different dietary strategies used by bodybuilders, their rationale, and the sources of information from which these strategies are gathered. In-depth interviews were conducted with seven experienced (10.4 ± 3.4 years bodybuilding experience), male, natural bodybuilders. Participants were asked about training, dietary and supplement practices, and information resources for bodybuilding strategies...
September 29, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910316/nutrition-and-supplementation-considerations-to-limit-endotoxemia-when-exercising-in-the-heat
#10
REVIEW
Joshua H Guy, Grace E Vincent
Exercise-induced heat production is further elevated by exercise performed in hot conditions and this can subsequently impact inflammation, and gastrointestinal (GI) health. Implementing nutrition and supplementation strategies under these conditions may support the hyperthermic response, the systemic inflammatory response, GI permeability and integrity, and exercise performance. Therefore, the aim of this brief review is to explore athletes' inflammatory response of two key biomarkers, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and provide nutrition and supplementation recommendations when exercising in hot conditions...
February 6, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910116/nutritional-profile-of-purchases-by-store-type-disparities-by-income-and-food-program-participation
#11
Lindsey Smith Taillie, Anna H Grummon, Donna R Miles
INTRODUCTION: Policymakers have focused on the food retail environment for improving the dietary quality for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants. Yet little is known about where SNAP households make food and beverage purchases or how purchases may vary by store type, SNAP participation, and income level. The objective of this study was to examine the association between SNAP-income status (participant, income-eligible non-participant, higher-income non-participant) and healthfulness of household purchases across store types...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909606/dietary-protein-and-nutritional-supplements-in-conventional-hemodialysis
#12
Alice Sabatino, Giovanni Piotti, Carmela Cosola, Ilaria Gandolfini, Jeroen P Kooman, Enrico Fiaccadori
Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a condition commonly occurring among patients with ESRD on hemodialysis. PEW is characterized by depletion of protein and energy stores and is caused by multiple factors related to chronic kidney disease, acute and chronic comorbidities and by renal replacement therapy itself. Anorexia is central in the pathogenesis of PEW; it is frequently observed in these patients whose protein and energy intakes are typically lower than guidelines recommendations. If untreated, PEW invariably leads to major complications, and may activate a vicious circle with further worsening of nutritional status...
June 17, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908814/maternal-supply-of-methionine-during-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-changes-in-immune-function-and-abundance-of-microrna-and-mrna-in-holstein-calf-polymorphonuclear-leukocytes
#13
C B Jacometo, A S Alharthi, Z Zhou, D Luchini, J J Loor
Pregnancy and early life are critical periods during which environmental factors such as nutrition can affect development. Rumen-protected methionine (Met; RPM) supplementation during the prepartum period improves not only performance but immune responses in dairy cows. We investigated the effects of enhanced maternal supply of Met via feeding RPM on whole-blood in vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 0, 0.01, or 5 μg/mL of blood) challenge and targeted microRNA and mRNA abundance in calf blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNL)...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908683/determination-of-serum-bone-related-minerals-during-denosumab-treatment-in-osteoporosis-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-mineral-change-by-denosumab-in-osteoporosis-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
OBJECTIVES: This study included 51 osteoporosis patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who were treated with anti-resorption drug, denosumab. To date, there has been no report on the changes of bone-related minerals after anti-resorption drug therapy. METHODS: Fifty one osteoporotic patients with RA were retrospectively enrolled. Serum Zinc (Zn), Magnesium (Mg), Iron (Fe), and Copper (Cu) were examined at 1 week, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 months. Lumbar spine (L1-4) bone mineral density (L-BMD), and bilateral total hip BMD (H-BMD) were examined before and at 6 and 12 months after treatment commencement...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#15
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907100/demand-for-integrative-medicine-among-women-in-pregnancy-and-childbed-a-german-survey-on-patients-needs
#16
Nikolas Schürger, Evelyn Klein, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Marion Kiechle, Daniela Paepke
BACKGROUND: Although integrative medicine is gaining increasing attention and is claiming more and more its place in modern health care, it still plays a marginal role in conventional maternity care. The present study aims to examine the patterns of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use and the demand for integrative therapies, including CAM, relaxation therapies, nutritional counseling, and psychological assistance, among women in pregnancy and childbed. METHODS: The survey was conducted from April 2017 to July 2017 by means of a pseudo-anonymous 38-item questionnaire at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich...
June 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906403/the-association-between-whey-protein-regional-fat-mass-and-strength-in-resistance-trained-men-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ana Batista, Cristina P Monteiro, Rute Borrego, Catarina N Matias, Filipe J Teixeira, Maria João Valamatos, Ana Cláudia Oliveira, Joana F Reis, Lino Mendes, Luís B Sardinha
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between whey protein supplementation, body composition and muscle strength, in resistance-trained individuals. Forty-nine healthy males, aged 18 to 35 years that were engaged in resistance training for at least one year, were assigned into two groups according to whey protein intake (Whey: n=26, 30.7 ± 7.4 yr, 75.8 ± 9.0 kg; WithoutWhey: n=23, 31.0 ± 7.4 yr, 77.9 ± 9.3 kg). Using a cross-sectional design, a morning assessment of body fat mass (FM) (by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and strength (using 1RM for bench press and back squat) was performed...
June 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905824/milk-powder-added-to-a-school-meal-increases-cognitive-test-scores-in-ghanaian-children
#18
Reginald Lee, Lauren Singh, Danielle van Liefde, Meghan Callaghan-Gillespie, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Saalia, Carly Edwards, Anja Serena, Tamara Hershey, Mark J Manary
Background: The inclusion of milk in school feeding is accepted as good nutritional practice, but specific benefits remain uncertain. Objective: The objective was to determine whether consumption of 8.8 g milk protein/d given as milk powder with a multiple micronutrient-enriched porridge resulted in greater increases in linear growth and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) scores in Ghanaian schoolchildren when compared with 1 of 3 control groups...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905766/adherence-to-geriatric-assessment-based-recommendations-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-in-belgium
#19
C Kenis, L Decoster, J Flamaing, P R Debruyne, I De Groof, C Focan, F Cornelis, V Verschaeve, C Bachmann, D Bron, S Luce, G Debugne, H Van den Bulck, J-C Goeminne, D Schrijvers, K Geboers, B Petit, C Langenaeken, R Van Rijswijk, P Specenier, G Jerusalem, J-P Praet, K Vandenborre, J-P Lobelle, M Lycke, K Milisen, H Wildiers
Background: In the general older population, geriatric assessment (GA)-guided treatment plans can improve overall survival, quality of life and functional status (FS). In GA-related research in geriatric oncology, studies mainly focused on geriatric screening and GA but not on geriatric recommendations, interventions and follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate the adherence to geriatric recommendations and subsequent actions undertaken in older patients with cancer. Patient and methods: A prospective Belgian multicenter (N=22) cohort study included patients ≥70 years with a malignant tumor upon oncologic treatment decision...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903984/bolus-ingestion-of-whey-protein-immediately-post-exercise-does-not-influence-rehydration-compared-to-energy-matched-carbohydrate-ingestion
#20
Gethin H Evans, Lewis Mattin, Isabelle Ireland, William Harrison, Adora M W Yau, Victoria McIver, Tristan Pocock, Elizabeth Sheader, Lewis J James
Whey protein is a commonly ingested nutritional supplement amongst athletes and regular exercisers; however, its role in post-exercise rehydration remains unclear. Eight healthy male and female participants completed two experimental trials involving the ingestion of 35 g of whey protein (WP) or maltodextrin (MD) at the onset of a rehydration period, followed by ingestion of water to a volume equivalent to 150% of the amount of body mass lost during exercise in the heat. The gastric emptying rates of the solutions were measured using 13 C breath tests...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
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