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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719669/a-whey-protein-based-multi-ingredient-nutritional-supplement-stimulates-gains-in-lean-body-mass-and-strength-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kirsten E Bell, Tim Snijders, Michael Zulyniak, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise, Adrian Chabowski, Stuart M Phillips
Protein and other compounds can exert anabolic effects on skeletal muscle, particularly in conjunction with exercise. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of twice daily consumption of a protein-based, multi-ingredient nutritional supplement to increase strength and lean mass independent of, and in combination with, exercise in healthy older men. Forty-nine healthy older men (age: 73 ± 1 years [mean ± SEM]; BMI: 28.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2) were randomly allocated to 20 weeks of twice daily consumption of either a nutritional supplement (SUPP; n = 25; 30 g whey protein, 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718789/flavonoid-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-propolis-prediction-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#2
Eddy Betances-Salcedo, Isabel Revilla, Ana M Vivar-Quintana, M Inmaculada González-Martín
The use of propolis as a dietary supplement or as an ingredient in different food products is increasing, due to its antioxidant and bactericidal properties. These nutritional properties directly depend on its phenolic composition. For this reason, this study analysed the total contents of flavones and flavonols, flavanones and dihydroflavonols, and the antioxidant capacity by using the methods of ABTS and linoleic acid/β-carotene in 99 samples of propolis from Spain and Chile. A rapid method was developed for quantifying these parameters in raw propolis using near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy with a remote reflectance fibre-optic probe applied directly to the ground-up sample...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#3
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#4
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717305/efficacy-of-early-chick-nutrition-with-aloe-vera-and-azadirachta-indica-on-gut-health-and-histomorphometry-in-chicks
#5
Tamilvanan Sujatha, Sivasankar Abhinaya, Jai Sunder, Marudhai Thangapandian, Anandamoy Kundu
AIM: This study was conducted with an aim of studying the efficacy of water supplements of Aloe vera and Azadirachta indica (neem) during pre-starter age (0-2 weeks) on gut health and histomorphometry in Vanaraja chicks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192 day old Vanaraja chicks were randomly assigned to one of four herbal water treatments throughout the experimental pre-starter stage (0-2 weeks) in a completely randomized design. Each treatment was given four replicates consisting of 12 chicks per replicate...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715482/impact-of-maternal-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-neonatal-outcomes-among-healthy-middle-eastern-females
#6
Tatiana Papazian, Georges Abi Tayeh, Darine Sibai, Hala Hout, Imad Melki, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relative impact of body mass index in women in childbearing age and gestational weight gain on neonatal outcomes are scarce in the Middle East. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this research was to assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal outcomes. The effect of maternal age and folic acid supplementation before and during pregnancy was also examined. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross sectional observational study of 1000 full term deliveries of women enrolled thru the National Collaborative Perinatal Neonatal Network, in Lebanon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714539/safety-and-efficacy-of-functional-laryngectomy-for-end-stage-dysphagia
#7
Michael C Topf, Linda C Magaña, Kelly Salmon, James Hamilton, William M Keane, Adam Luginbuhl, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti, Maurits Boon, Joseph R Spiegel
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate functional outcomes and complication rate after total laryngectomy (TL) for dysfunctional larynx with end-stage dysphagia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Chart review was performed on all patients who underwent TL from January 2008 to July 2016 at a single tertiary academic medical center. Patients who underwent TL for dysfunctional larynx without preoperative evidence of malignancy were included...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714048/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-three-dimensional-model-of-neurobiology-with-implications-for-etiology-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer J Thomas, Elizabeth A Lawson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra, Thilo Deckersbach, Kamryn T Eddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: DSM-5 defined avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) as a failure to meet nutritional needs leading to low weight, nutritional deficiency, dependence on supplemental feedings, and/or psychosocial impairment. We summarize what is known about ARFID and introduce a three-dimensional model to inform research. RECENT FINDINGS: Because ARFID prevalence, risk factors, and maintaining mechanisms are not known, prevailing treatment approaches are based on clinical experience rather than data...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713687/group-psychological-intervention-for-maternal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#9
Nusrat Husain, Nasim Chaudhry, Christine Furber, Hina Fayyaz, Tayyeba Kiran, Farah Lunat, Raza Ur Rahman, Saira Farhan, Batool Fatima
AIM: To understand the experience of maternal depression, the factors implicated in accessing health, and the acceptability of the psychosocial intervention. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the paediatrics outpatient department of Civil Hospital Karachi, Pakistan. The study started in December 2009 and completed in December 2010. Women with maternal depression, aged 18-44 years with children aged 0-30 mo who had received nutritional supplements, and participated in the intervention programme [called Learning through Play (LTP) plus] were included in the study...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713382/recent-advances-on-nutrition-in-treatment-of-acute-pancreatitis
#10
REVIEW
Li-Long Pan, Jiahong Li, Muhammad Shamoon, Madhav Bhatia, Jia Sun
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common abdominal acute inflammatory disorder and the leading cause of hospital admission for gastrointestinal disorders in many countries. Clinical manifestations of AP vary from self-limiting local inflammation to devastating systemic pathological conditions causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, despite extensive efforts in translating promising experimental therapeutic targets in clinical trials, disease-specific effective remedy remains obscure, and supportive care has still been the primary treatment for this disease...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712373/impact-of-animal-density-on-cattle-nutrition-in-dry-mediterranean-rangelands-a-faecal-near-ir-spectroscopy-aided-study
#11
S Y Landau, L Dvash, Y Yehuda, H Muklada, G Peleg, Z Henkin, H Voet, E D Ungar
In the context of determining the sustainable carrying capacity of dry-Mediterranean herbaceous rangelands, we examined the effect of animal density on cattle nutrition, which is fundamental to animal performance and welfare. The effects on dietary components of low (0.56 cows/ha; L) and high (1.11 cows/ha; H) animal densities were monitored for three consecutive years in grazing beef cows. In the dry season (summer and early autumn), cows had free access to N-rich poultry litter (PL) given as a dietary supplement...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711252/ethyl-cellulose-rumen-protected-methionine-enhances-performance-during-the-periparturient-period-and-early-lactation-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#12
F Batistel, J M Arroyo, A Bellingeri, L Wang, B Saremi, C Parys, E Trevisi, F C Cardoso, J J Loor
The onset of lactation in dairy cows is characterized by severe negative energy and protein balance. Increasing Met availability during this time may improve milk production, hepatic lipid metabolism, and immune function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding ethyl-cellulose rumen-protected methionine (RPM; Mepron, Evonik Nutrition and Care GmbH, Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany) on the performance of dairy cows during prepartum and early-lactation periods. Sixty multiparous Holstein cows were used in a block design and assigned to either a control or an ethyl-cellulose RPM diet...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711222/retrospective-observational-study-of-french-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-a-gly551asp-cftr-mutation-after-1-and-2years-of-treatment-with-ivacaftor-in-a-real-world-setting
#13
Dominique Hubert, Clémence Dehillotte, Anne Munck, Valérie David, Jinmi Baek, Laurent Mely, Stéphane Dominique, Sophie Ramel, Isabelle Danner Boucher, Sylvaine Lefeuvre, Quitterie Reynaud, Virginie Colomb-Jung, Prissile Bakouboula, Lydie Lemonnier
BACKGROUND: Ivacaftor has been shown to improve lung function and body weight in patients with CF and a gating mutation. Real-world evaluation is warranted to examine its safety and effectiveness over the long term. METHODS: A retrospective observational multicentre study collected clinical data in the year before and the 2years after ivacaftor initiation in patients with CF and a Gly551Asp-CFTR mutation. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were included...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709869/protective-effect-of-bacillopeptidase-cfr5-from-bacillus-subtilis-cfr5-on-cerulein-induced-pancreatitis
#14
G R Sharmila, G Venkateswaran
Bacillopeptidase is a serine peptidase, known for its fibrinolytic activity. However, a very little information is known about its in vivo inflammatory and/or anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, to understand whether bacillopeptidase incorporation can regulate pancreatitis or not, the cerulein-induced pancreatitis model was used, and the role of bacillopeptidase on pancreatitis was studied. In this study, 46 kDa protein was purified from Bacillus subtilis and identified as bacillopeptidase CFR5 (BPC) through MS/MS analysis...
July 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707418/comparison-of-nutrient-intake-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-and-without-food-allergies
#15
K Maslin, C Venter, H MacKenzie, B Vlieg-Boerstra, T Dean, I Sommer
BACKGROUND: Exclusion diets for the management of food allergy pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies and inadequate growth in children, yet less is known about their effect in adolescents and adults. The present study aimed to compare the dietary intake of adolescents and adults with food allergies with that of a control group. METHODS: A food allergic and a control group were recruited from Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight in the UK. Participants were recruited from a food allergy charity, allergy clinics, a local school and university, and previous research studies...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707080/reproductive-outcomes-of-anestrous-goats-supplemented-with-spineless-opuntia-megacantha-salm-dyck-protein-enriched-cladodes-and-exposed-to-the-male-effect
#16
Cesar A Meza-Herrera, Omag Cano-Villegas, Arnoldo Flores-Hernandez, Francisco G Veliz-Deras, Guadalupe Calderon-Leyva, Juan M Guillen-Muñoz, Cristina García de la Peña, Cesar A Rosales-Nieto, Ulises Macias-Cruz, Leonel Avendaño-Reyes
The possible influence of the "male effect" upon reproductive outcomes of adult anestrous goats under marginal rangeland conditions and supplemented with protein-enriched Opuntia megacantha Salm-Dyck was evaluated. Reproductive variables included: estrus percentage (EST, %), estrus latency (ESL, hours), ovulation percentage (OP, %), ovulation rate (OR, units), average largest follicle at ovulation (LFO, mm), largest corpus luteum (LCL, mm), embryo number (EBN, units), and embryo implantation percentage (EIP, %)...
July 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706885/omega-3-fatty-acids-inhibit-oxidative-stress-in-a-rat-model-of-liver-regeneration
#17
Ozgur Firat, Ozer Makay, Levent Yeniay, Goksel Gokce, Cigdem Yenisey, Ahmet Coker
PURPOSE: Lipid peroxidation and consequent reactive oxygen species in the setting of oxidative stress have crucial roles in liver regeneration, which may adversely affect the regeneration itself and lead to liver failure. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether omega-3 fatty acid supplementation inhibits oxidative stress in an experimental model of liver regeneration. METHODS: Forty rats were allocated to four groups. Rats in group A received a sham operation...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706091/predict-cp-study-protocol-of-implementation-of-comprehensive-surveillance-to-predict-outcomes-for-school-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Roslyn N Boyd, Peter Sw Davies, Jenny Ziviani, Stewart Trost, Lee Barber, Robert Ware, Stephen Rose, Koa Whittingham, Leanne Sakzewski, Kristie Bell, Christopher Carty, Steven Obst, Katherine Benfer, Sarah Reedman, Priya Edwards, Megan Kentish, Lisa Copeland, Kelly Weir, Camilla Davenport, Denise Brooks, Alan Coulthard, Rebecca Pelekanos, Andrea Guzzetta, Simona Fiori, Meredith Wynter, Christine Finn, Andrea Burgess, Kym Morris, John Walsh, Owen Lloyd, Jennifer A Whitty, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral palsy (CP) remains the world's most common childhood physical disability with total annual costs of care and lost well-being of $A3.87b. The PREDICT-CP (NHMRC 1077257 Partnership Project: Comprehensive surveillance to PREDICT outcomes for school age children with CP) study will investigate the influence of brain structure, body composition, dietary intake, oropharyngeal function, habitual physical activity, musculoskeletal development (hip status, bone health) and muscle performance on motor attainment, cognition, executive function, communication, participation, quality of life and related health resource use costs...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702900/selected-in-season-nutritional-strategies-to-enhance-recovery-for-team-sport-athletes-a-practical-overview
#19
REVIEW
Lisa E Heaton, Jon K Davis, Eric S Rawson, Ryan P Nuccio, Oliver C Witard, Kimberly W Stein, Keith Baar, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Team sport athletes face a variety of nutritional challenges related to recovery during the competitive season. The purpose of this article is to review nutrition strategies related to muscle regeneration, glycogen restoration, fatigue, physical and immune health, and preparation for subsequent training bouts and competitions. Given the limited opportunities to recover between training bouts and games throughout the competitive season, athletes must be deliberate in their recovery strategy. Foundational components of recovery related to protein, carbohydrates, and fluid have been extensively reviewed and accepted...
July 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702872/dietary-supplementation-of-selenium-enriched-probiotics-enhances-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-raised-under-high-ambient-temperature
#20
Alam Zeb Khan, Shahnawaz Kumbhar, Yunhuan Liu, Mohammad Hamid, Cuiling Pan, Sonia Agostinho Nido, Fahmida Parveen, Kehe Huang
We investigated the effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on broiler meat quality under high ambient temperature and explore their underlying mechanisms. A total of 200 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to four treatment groups, each with five replicates, in groups of ten birds. These birds were fed a corn-soybean basal diet (C), a basal diet plus probiotics supplementation (P), a basal diet plus Se supplementation in the form of sodium selenite (SS, 0.30 mg Se/kg), and a basal diet with the addition of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP, 0...
July 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
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