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tobacco, smoking, electronic cigarettes, odds ratio

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880076/tobacco-and-electronic-cigarette-products-awareness-cessation-attitudes-and-behaviours-among-general-practitioners
#1
Faraz Mughal, Ahmed Rashid, Mohammed Jawad
BACKGROUND: Little is known around how general practitioners (GP) approach tobacco products beyond traditional cigarettes.AimTo examine GP perceptions of tobacco and electronic cigarette (EC) products, and their attitudes and behaviours towards product cessation. METHOD: A 13-item self-completed anonymous questionnaire measured awareness of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) and smokeless tobacco (ST). Cessation advice provision, referral to cessation services, and the harm perception of these products were asked using five-point Likert scales that were dichotomised on analysis...
June 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843039/perceived-family-relationship-quality-and-use-of-poly-tobacco-products-during-early-and-late-adolescence
#2
Tzu Tsun Luk, Man Ping Wang, Lok Tung Leung, Jianjiu Chen, Yongda Wu, Tai Hing Lam, Sai Yin Ho
BACKGROUND: The role of family relationship in adolescent use of emerging tobacco products, which have become increasingly popular, is unknown. We examined the associations of perceived family relationship quality with current use of poly-tobacco products including cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), waterpipe and smokeless tobacco in adolescents. METHODS: Data from a representative sample of 42,250 US grade 7-12 equivalent students (mean ± SD age 14...
May 24, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700041/electronic-cigarette-prevalence-and-patterns-of-use-in-adults-with-a-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states
#3
Andrew Stokes, Jason M Collins, Kaitlyn M Berry, Lindsay M Reynolds, Jessica L Fetterman, Carlos J Rodriguez, Michael B Siegel, Emelia J Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Characterizing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use patterns is important for guiding tobacco regulatory policy and projecting the future burden of tobacco-related diseases. Few studies have examined patterns of e-cigarette use in individuals with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined e-cigarette use in adults aged 18 to 89 years with a history of CVD, using data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey. We investigated associations between ever and current e-cigarette use and smoking with multivariable logistic regression...
April 26, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582078/association-between-receptivity-to-tobacco-advertising-and-progression-to-tobacco-use-in-youth-and-young-adults-in-the-path-study
#4
John P Pierce, James D Sargent, David B Portnoy, Martha White, Madison Noble, Sheila Kealey, Nicolette Borek, Charles Carusi, Kelvin Choi, Victoria R Green, Annette R Kaufman, Eric Leas, M Jane Lewis, Katherine A Margolis, Karen Messer, Yuyan Shi, Marushka L Silveira, Kimberly Snyder, Cassandra A Stanton, Susanne E Tanski, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Dennis Trinidad, Andrew Hyland
Importance: Cigarette marketing contributes to initiation of cigarette smoking among young people, which has led to restrictions on use of cigarette advertising. However, little is known about other tobacco advertising and progression to tobacco use in youth and young adults. Objective: To investigate whether receptivity to tobacco advertising among youth and young adults is associated with progression (being a susceptible never user or ever user) to use of the product advertised, as well as conventional cigarette smoking...
May 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507167/electronic-cigarette-use-and-progression-from-experimentation-to-established-smoking
#5
Benjamin W Chaffee, Shannon Lea Watkins, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that never-smoking adolescents who try electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are at increased risk of subsequent conventional cigarette smoking. We evaluated associations between e-cigarette use and progression to established smoking among adolescents who had already tried cigarettes. METHODS: Among participants (age 12-17 years) in the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health survey who had smoked a cigarette (≥1 puff) but not yet smoked 100 cigarettes ( N = 1295), we examined 3 outcomes at 1-year follow-up as a function of baseline e-cigarette use: (1) having smoked ≥100 cigarettes (established smoking), (2) smoking during the past 30 days, and (3) both having smoked ≥100 cigarettes and past 30-day smoking (current established smoking)...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399359/association-between-smoking-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Arash Akhavan Rezayat, Malihe Dadgar Moghadam, Mohammad Ghasemi Nour, Matin Shirazinia, Hamidreza Ghodsi, Mohammad Reza Rouhbakhsh Zahmatkesh, Mitra Tavakolizadeh Noghabi, Benyamin Hoseini, Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat
Background/aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the most common chronic liver diseases. Some risk factors are known to influence the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, but the effect of tobacco smoking on the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is controversial. The main goal of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the association between smoking and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Method: Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science) were searched to find published articles on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and smoking until December 2016...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389311/e-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-not-susceptible-to-using-cigarettes
#7
Sarah D Kowitt, Amira Osman, Leah M Ranney, Courtney Heck, Adam O Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that adolescents who use electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), including adolescents not susceptible to smoking cigarettes (ie, those who have never smoked cigarettes and are not attitudinally susceptible to using cigarettes), are more likely to initiate using cigarettes or other combustible tobacco products than adolescents who do not use e-cigarettes. In this study, we examined correlates of e-cigarette use and susceptibility among adolescents not susceptible to future cigarette smoking...
February 1, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#8
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304219/associations-of-adhd-symptoms-with-smoking-and-alternative-tobacco-product-use-initiation-during-adolescence
#9
Nicholas I Goldenson, Rubin Khoddam, Matthew D Stone, Adam M Leventhal
Objective: Recently, use of alternative tobacco products, such as electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and hookah (water-pipe tobacco), has increased among adolescents. It is unknown whether attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are associated with initiation of alternative tobacco product use. Methods: Ninth grade high school students who never used any tobacco product at baseline (N = 1,921) participated in a longitudinal survey from 2014 to 2015...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297010/association-of-noncigarette-tobacco-product-use-with-future-cigarette-smoking-among-youth-in-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2015
#10
Shannon Lea Watkins, Stanton A Glantz, Benjamin W Chaffee
Importance: Approximately 90% of adult smokers first tried a cigarette by 18 years of age, and even infrequent smoking in adolescence is associated with established adult smoking. Noncigarette tobacco use is increasing and could stimulate subsequent conventional cigarette smoking in youths. Objective: To estimate the longitudinal association between noncigarette tobacco use and subsequent cigarette smoking initiation among US youth. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prospective cohort study of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) waves 1 (September 12, 2013, to December 14, 2014) and 2 (October 23, 2014, to October 30, 2015), a nationally representative sample of youths who never smoked a conventional cigarette at baseline and completed wave 2 follow-up (N = 10 384) was studied...
February 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242110/initiation-of-traditional-cigarette-smoking-after-electronic-cigarette-use-among-tobacco-na%C3%A3-ve-us-young-adults
#11
Brian A Primack, Ariel Shensa, Jaime E Sidani, Beth L Hoffman, Samir Soneji, James D Sargent, Robert M Hoffman, Michael J Fine
BACKGROUND: Although electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help some smokers quit, some young adult never-smokers are now using e-cigarettes recreationally, potentially increasing their risk for initiation of smoking. We aimed to determine the association between baseline e-cigarette use and subsequent initiation of cigarette smoking among initially never-smoking young adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline (March 2013) and follow-up (October 2014)...
April 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934079/direct-marketing-promotion-and-electronic-cigarette-use-among-us-adults-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2013-2014
#12
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
INTRODUCTION: The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among US adults has increased since 2007. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of direct marketing promotion of e-cigarettes and its association with e-cigarette use among US adults. METHODS: We used using data from the 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS) to estimate prevalence of e-cigarette promotions received by mail or email. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the associations between e-cigarette promotions and the prevalence and frequency of e-cigarette use among US adults...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753139/electronic-cigarette-use-among-counseled-tobacco-users-hospitalized-in-2015
#13
Natacha M De Genna, Thomas Ylioja, Anna E Schulze, Christine Manta, Antoine B Douaihy, Esa M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among the inpatient population regardless of the patients' cessation goals. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among counseled tobacco users admitted to 2 academic hospitals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of hospitalized adult tobacco users who were admitted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 and who received bedside tobacco cessation counseling from a tobacco treatment service counselor were examined...
November 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630116/attitudes-toward-tobacco-21-among-us-youth
#14
Hongying Dai
BACKGROUND: An important movement in reducing youth smoking is to restrict the supply of cigarettes to youth by raising the minimum age of sales to 21, termed Tobacco 21. This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 17 092, the typical age of 11-18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth (n = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users (n = 2914)...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625973/prevalence-and-correlates-of-electronic-cigarette-use-among-canadian-students-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-2014-15-canadian-student-tobacco-alcohol-and-drugs-survey
#15
Annie Montreuil, Marjorie MacDonald, Mark Asbridge, T Cameron Wild, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Erin Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, youth tobacco use has declined, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have entered the market. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of e-cigarette use among youth in Canada, by province, across sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates; and to examine associations among e-cigarette use, sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates, with adjustment for other factors. METHODS: The 2014/15 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a biennial, school-based survey, was administered to students in grades 6-12 in all Canadian provinces...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218695/electronic-cigarette-use-and-smoking-abstinence-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quitting-methods
#16
Tomoyasu Hirano, Takahiro Tabuchi, Rika Nakahara, Naoki Kunugita, Yumiko Mochizuki-Kobayashi
The benefit of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in smoking cessation remains controversial. Recently, e-cigarettes have been gaining popularity in Japan, without evidence of efficacy on quitting cigarettes. We conducted an online survey to collect information on tobacco use, difficulties in smoking cessation, socio-demographic factors, and health-related factors in Japan. Among the total participants (n = 9055), 798 eligible persons aged 20-69 years who smoked within the previous five years were analyzed to assess the relationship between the outcome of smoking cessation and quitting methods used, including e-cigarettes, smoking cessation therapy, and unassisted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147209/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-and-smoking-cessation-in-arkansas-2014
#17
Uwemedimbuk S Ekanem, Victor M Cardenas, Ruiqi Cen, Wanda Simon, Irene P Chedjieu, Morgan Woodward, Robert R Delongchamp, J Gary Wheeler
OBJECTIVES: As of October 2015, evidence needed to make a recommendation about the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) for smoking cessation was limited. We used the 2014 Arkansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System with additional state-specific questions to determine the prevalence of ENDS use, the impact of ENDS use on smoking cessation, and beliefs about ENDS use in Arkansas. Our objectives were to determine if (1) ENDS use was associated with lower odds of quitting smoking, (2) ENDS users believed that ENDS use was not harmful to their health, and (3) ENDS users believed that switching to ENDS reduced their tobacco-related health risks...
March 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940718/flavored-electronic-cigarette-use-and-smoking-among-youth
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are not prohibited in the United States, and e-cigarette flavors proliferate on the market. This study sought to examine flavored e-cigarette use and its association with smoking among youth. METHODS: Estimates of flavored e-cigarette use from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey were investigated. A logistic regression model was used to assess whether flavored e-cigarette use was associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette use among never-smoking youth (n = 16 471), (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current-smoking youth (n = 1338), and (3) perception of tobacco's danger among all respondents (n = 21 491)...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207211/text-messaging-based-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Ryan Lantini, Ernestine G Jennings, Herpreet Thind, Rochelle K Rosen, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Beth C Bock
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable global health problems producing nearly 6 million smoking-related deaths per year. Interventions delivered via text messaging (short message service, SMS) may increase access to educational and support services that promote smoking cessation across diverse populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to (1) evaluate the efficacy of text messaging interventions on smoking outcomes, (2) determine the robustness of the evidence, and (3) identify moderators of intervention efficacy...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198921/-prevalence-and-user-profile-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-spain-2014
#20
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and user profile of electronic cigarettes among Spanish adults and evaluate the potential dual use of these devices with combustible or conventional tobacco in 2014 in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish adult (16-75 years old) population (n=1,016). A computer-assisted telephone survey was conducted in 2014. The prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the use of electronic cigarettes stratified by gender, age, tobacco consumption and social status were calculated...
November 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
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