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tobacco, smoking, electronic cigarettes, odds ratio

Natacha M De Genna, Thomas Ylioja, Anna E Schulze, Christine Manta, Antoine B Douaihy, Esa M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among the inpatient population regardless of the patients' cessation goals. The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of electronic cigarette use among counseled tobacco users admitted to 2 academic hospitals. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of hospitalized adult tobacco users who were admitted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 and who received bedside tobacco cessation counseling from a tobacco treatment service counselor were examined...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Hongying Dai
BACKGROUND: An important movement in reducing youth smoking is to restrict the supply of cigarettes to youth by raising the minimum age of sales to 21, termed Tobacco 21. This study examined attitudes toward Tobacco 21 among youth and their correlations with tobacco use. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey (n = 17 092, the typical age of 11-18 years) were analyzed to examine the prevalence of support toward Tobacco 21 among youth. This study further assessed whether attitudes toward Tobacco 21 were associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette smoking among never-smoking youth (n = 16 449); and (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current tobacco users (n = 2914)...
July 2017: Pediatrics
Annie Montreuil, Marjorie MacDonald, Mark Asbridge, T Cameron Wild, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Erin Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, youth tobacco use has declined, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have entered the market. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of e-cigarette use among youth in Canada, by province, across sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates; and to examine associations among e-cigarette use, sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates, with adjustment for other factors. METHODS: The 2014/15 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a biennial, school-based survey, was administered to students in grades 6-12 in all Canadian provinces...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
Tomoyasu Hirano, Takahiro Tabuchi, Rika Nakahara, Naoki Kunugita, Yumiko Mochizuki-Kobayashi
The benefit of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in smoking cessation remains controversial. Recently, e-cigarettes have been gaining popularity in Japan, without evidence of efficacy on quitting cigarettes. We conducted an online survey to collect information on tobacco use, difficulties in smoking cessation, socio-demographic factors, and health-related factors in Japan. Among the total participants (n = 9055), 798 eligible persons aged 20-69 years who smoked within the previous five years were analyzed to assess the relationship between the outcome of smoking cessation and quitting methods used, including e-cigarettes, smoking cessation therapy, and unassisted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Uwemedimbuk S Ekanem, Victor M Cardenas, Ruiqi Cen, Wanda Simon, Irene P Chedjieu, Morgan Woodward, Robert R Delongchamp, J Gary Wheeler
OBJECTIVES: As of October 2015, evidence needed to make a recommendation about the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) for smoking cessation was limited. We used the 2014 Arkansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System with additional state-specific questions to determine the prevalence of ENDS use, the impact of ENDS use on smoking cessation, and beliefs about ENDS use in Arkansas. Our objectives were to determine if (1) ENDS use was associated with lower odds of quitting smoking, (2) ENDS users believed that ENDS use was not harmful to their health, and (3) ENDS users believed that switching to ENDS reduced their tobacco-related health risks...
March 2017: Public Health Reports
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Flavored electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are not prohibited in the United States, and e-cigarette flavors proliferate on the market. This study sought to examine flavored e-cigarette use and its association with smoking among youth. METHODS: Estimates of flavored e-cigarette use from the 2014 National Youth Tobacco Survey were investigated. A logistic regression model was used to assess whether flavored e-cigarette use was associated with (1) intention to initiate cigarette use among never-smoking youth (n = 16 471), (2) intention to quit tobacco use among current-smoking youth (n = 1338), and (3) perception of tobacco's danger among all respondents (n = 21 491)...
December 2016: Pediatrics
Lori A J Scott-Sheldon, Ryan Lantini, Ernestine G Jennings, Herpreet Thind, Rochelle K Rosen, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Beth C Bock
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is one of the leading preventable global health problems producing nearly 6 million smoking-related deaths per year. Interventions delivered via text messaging (short message service, SMS) may increase access to educational and support services that promote smoking cessation across diverse populations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to (1) evaluate the efficacy of text messaging interventions on smoking outcomes, (2) determine the robustness of the evidence, and (3) identify moderators of intervention efficacy...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and user profile of electronic cigarettes among Spanish adults and evaluate the potential dual use of these devices with combustible or conventional tobacco in 2014 in Spain. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish adult (16-75 years old) population (n=1,016). A computer-assisted telephone survey was conducted in 2014. The prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the use of electronic cigarettes stratified by gender, age, tobacco consumption and social status were calculated...
November 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
Fiona Dobbie, Rosemary Hiscock, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Susan Murray, Lion Shahab, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Andy McEwen, Hayden McRobbie, Richard Purves, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: NHS Stop Smoking Services (SSSs) provide free at the point of use treatment for smokers who would like to stop. Since their inception in 1999 they have evolved to offer a variety of support options. Given the changes that have happened in the provision of services and the ongoing need for evidence on effectiveness, the Evaluating Long-term Outcomes for NHS Stop Smoking Services (ELONS) study was commissioned. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the study was to explore the factors that determine longer-term abstinence from smoking following intervention by SSSs...
November 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Maciej L Goniewicz, Noel J Leigh, Michal Gawron, Justyna Nadolska, Lukasz Balwicki, Connor McGuire, Andrzej Sobczak
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are gaining in popularity among youth. While these products may be beneficial in adult smokers, the effect on young users of electronic and tobacco cigarettes (dual users) is unknown. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of dual use among adolescents and to compare tobacco cigarette consumption among dual and exclusive tobacco cigarette users. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a sample of 2213 Polish students aged 16-18 conducted between December 2013 and February 2014...
March 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Georgiana Bostean, Dennis R Trinidad, William J McCarthy
We determined the extent to which adolescents who have never used tobacco try e-cigarettes. Data on the prevalence and correlates of e-cigarette use among 482,179 California middle and high school students are from the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey. Overall, 24.4% had ever used e-cigarettes (13.4% have never used tobacco and 11.0% have used tobacco), and 12.9% were current e-cigarette users (5.9% have never used tobacco). Among those who have never used tobacco, males and older students were more likely to use e-cigarettes than females and younger students...
December 2015: American Journal of Public Health
Laura Twyman, Billie Bonevski, Christine Paul, Jamie Bryant, Coral Gartner, Ashleigh Guillaumier
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) awareness, trial of e-cigarettes in the past 12 months, source and perceptions of safety and effectiveness was assessed within a disadvantaged sample of adult Australian smokers receiving welfare aid. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered to clients who smoke at two community service organizations in New South Wales, Australia from October 2013 to July 2014. E-cigarette awareness, trial in past 12 months, sources of e-cigarettes and perceptions of the safety and effectiveness of e-cigarettes to help people quit were assessed along with sociodemographic and smoking-related variables...
May 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Adam M Leventhal, David R Strong, Matthew G Kirkpatrick, Jennifer B Unger, Steve Sussman, Nathaniel R Riggs, Matthew D Stone, Rubin Khoddam, Jonathan M Samet, Janet Audrain-McGovern
IMPORTANCE: Exposure to nicotine in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is becoming increasingly common among adolescents who report never having smoked combustible tobacco. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether e-cigarette use among 14-year-old adolescents who have never tried combustible tobacco is associated with risk of initiating use of 3 combustible tobacco products (ie, cigarettes, cigars, and hookah). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Longitudinal repeated assessment of a school-based cohort at baseline (fall 2013, 9th grade, mean age = 14...
August 18, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Erin L Sutfin, Beth A Reboussin, Beata Debinski, Kimberly G Wagoner, John Spangler, Mark Wolfson
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the impact of trying electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) on future cigarette smoking in a sample of smokers enrolled in college. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, first-semester college students at 7 colleges in North Carolina and 4 in Virginia completed a baseline survey and 5 follow-up surveys between fall 2010 and fall 2013. Current cigarette smoking at wave 6 was the primary outcome. Participants (n = 271) reported current cigarette smoking at baseline and no history of e-cigarette use...
August 2015: American Journal of Public Health
Graham Moore, Gillian Hewitt, John Evans, Hannah J Littlecott, Jo Holliday, Nilufar Ahmed, Laurence Moore, Simon Murphy, Adam Fletcher
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of electronic(e)-cigarette use, prevalence of e-cigarette and tobacco use by age, and associations of e-cigarette use with sociodemographic characteristics, tobacco and cannabis use among young people in Wales. DESIGN: Data from two nationally-representative cross-sectional surveys undertaken in 2013-2014. Logistic regression analyses, adjusting for school-level clustering, examined sociodemographic characteristics of e-cigarette use, and associations between e-cigarette use and smoking...
April 15, 2015: BMJ Open
Erica N Peters, Paul T Harrell, Peter S Hendricks, Kevin E O'Grady, Wallace B Pickworth, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies on e-cigarettes have come from population-based surveys. The current research aimed to provide initial data on e-cigarette awareness, perceptions, use, and reasons for use among adults seeking substance use treatment. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 198 participants ≥18 years old in a community-based outpatient substance use treatment program. RESULTS: Of the 198 participants, 69% currently smoked cigarettes, 92% were aware of e-cigarettes, and 58% had ever used e-cigarettes...
April 2015: American Journal on Addictions
Sun-Hee Kim, Jung-Ah Lee, Kye-Un Kim, Hong-Jun Cho
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization presents smokers with an opportunity to initiate smoking cessation. We studied the effect of inpatient counseling and follow-up after discharge on smoking cessation and assessed predictors of successful cessation. METHODS: This study included a total of 125 patients (118 male and 7 female) who were admitted to departments of neurology, cardiology, and pulmonology. They were referred to the smoking cessation clinic, and participated between September 2011 and February 2013...
March 2015: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Alayna P Tackett, William V Lechner, Ellen Meier, DeMond M Grant, Leslie M Driskill, Noor N Tahirkheli, Theodore L Wagener
AIMS: To evaluate biochemically verified smoking status and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use behaviors and beliefs among a sample of customers from vapor stores (stores specializing in ENDS). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional survey of 215 adult vapor store customers at four retail locations in the Midwestern United States; a subset of participants (n = 181) also completed exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) testing to verify smoking status...
May 2015: Addiction
Lila J Finney Rutten, Kelly D Blake, Amenah A Agunwamba, Rachel A Grana, Patrick M Wilson, Jon O Ebbert, Janet Okamoto, Scott J Leischow
INTRODUCTION: Research has documented growing availability and use of e-cigarettes in the United States over the last decade. METHODS: We conducted a national panel survey of current adult cigarette smokers to assess attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors relating to e-cigarette use in the United States (N = 2,254). RESULTS: Among current cigarette smokers, 20.4% reported current use of e-cigarettes on some days and 3.7% reported daily use. Reported reasons for e-cigarette use included: quit smoking (58...
October 2015: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jose M Martínez-Sánchez, Montse Ballbè, Marcela Fu, Juan C Martín-Sánchez, Mark Gottlieb, Esteve Saltó, Constantine I Vardavas, Richard Daynard, Gregory N Connolly, Esteve Fernández
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an intensive debate about the regulation of the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in indoor places. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes toward e-cigarette use in indoor workplaces and selected public and private venues among the general population in Barcelona (Spain) in 2013-2014. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the population of Barcelona (n = 736). The field work was conducted between May 2013 and February 2014...
2014: PloS One
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