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Diego blood group system

Oytip Nathalang, Puangpaka Panichrum, Kamphon Intharanut, Phatchira Thattanon, Siriporn Nathalang
Alloantibodies to the Diego (DI) blood group system, anti-Dia and anti-Dib are clinically significant in causing hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs) and hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), especially in Asian populations with Mongolian ancestry. This study aimed to report the frequency of the DI*A and DI*B alleles in a Central Thai population and to compare them with those of other populations previously published. Altogether, 1,011 blood samples from unrelated healthy blood donors at the National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok were included...
2016: PloS One
Krzysztof Mikołajczyk, Radosław Kaczmarek, Marcin Czerwiński
Transcription factor EKLF (Erythroid Krüppel-Like Factor) belongs to the group of Krüppellike factors, which regulate proliferation, differentiation, development and apoptosis of mammalian cells. EKLF factor is present in erythroid cells, where it participates in regulation of hematopoiesis, expression of genes encoding transmembrane proteins (including blood group antigens), and heme biosynthesis enzymes. It is also a key factor in downregulation of γ-globins and activation of β-globin gene expression...
October 6, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Joana Maira Valentini Zacarias, Ieda Bernadete Volkweis Langer, Jeane Eliete Laguila Visentainer, Ana Maria Sell
The aim of this study was to assess the distribution of alleles and genotypes of the blood group systems Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego in 251 regular blood donors registered in the hemotherapy unit of the Southwestern region of Paraná, Southern Brazil. The frequencies were obtained by direct counting on a spreadsheet program and statistical analyses were conducted in order to compare them with other Brazilian populations using chi-squared with Yates correction on OpenEpi software. The frequencies of RHD* negative, RHCE*c/c and RHCE*e/e were higher than expected for the Caucasian population...
August 5, 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Daiane Cobianchi Costa, Alessandra Arruda Schinaider, Thais Mattos Santos, Everaldo José Schörner, Daniel Simon, Sharbel Weidner Maluf, Ana Carolina Rabello de Moraes, Maria Claudia Silva Silva
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell genes are highly polymorphic with the distribution of alleles varying between different populations and ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to investigate gene polymorphisms of blood groups in the state of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-three unrelated blood donors and 31 transfusion-dependent patients were evaluated to investigate polymorphisms of the Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, and Diego blood group systems in a population from the state of Santa Catarina...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
Claudia Mora, Jorge Medina-Rosas, Ana Maria Santos, Diego A Jaimes, Ana M Arbeláez, Consuelo Romero, Annie Cortes, John Londono
OBJECTIVE: There are no laboratory tools that detect early flares in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our aim was to validate in our population the previous findings of the association of C4d-bearing reticulocytes (R-C4d) compared to anti-dsDNA antibodies, with disease activity assessed by the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SELENA-SLEDAI) and the British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) 2004 scales...
September 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
Paula Vélez, Raymundo Ocaranza-Sánchez, Diego López-Otero, Lilian Grigorian-Shamagian, Isaac Rosa, Susana Belén Bravo, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Ángel García
PURPOSE: Platelets play a fundamental role in the atherothrombotic events that lead to an acute myocardial infarction. In the present study we compared the proteome of intracoronary and peripheral arterial platelets from ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in the search for potential platelet biomarkers/drug targets related to what is happening at the culprit site. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Ten STEMI patients were recruited and blood collected from the occluded coronary artery, at the culprit site, in the moment of reperfusion...
August 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
Mara Boschetti, Sergio Agosti, Valeria Albanese, Laura Casalino, Claudia Teti, Gian Paolo Bezante, Claudio Brunelli, Manuela Albertelli, Diego Ferone
Hypopituitarism reduces life expectancy and increases the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, as well as death. Abnormalities in the cardiovascular system may be independently related to GH deficiency (GHD). The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate coronary flow reserve and diastolic function in GHD adult patients at diagnosis and after 1 year of GH replacement therapy. As control group, an age- and sex-matched population was chosen. All patients and controls were non-smokers, non-diabetic, and normotensive, with no history of vascular disease...
April 13, 2016: Endocrine
José María Pérez-Pomares, José Luis de la Pompa, Diego Franco, Deborah Henderson, Siew Yen Ho, Lucile Houyel, Robert G Kelly, David Sedmera, Mary Sheppard, Silke Sperling, Gaetano Thiene, Maurice van den Hoff, Cristina Basso
Congenital coronary artery anomalies are of major significance in clinical cardiology and cardiac surgery due to their association with myocardial ischaemia and sudden death. Such anomalies are detectable by imaging modalities and, according to various definitions, their prevalence ranges from 0.21 to 5.79%. This consensus document from the Development, Anatomy and Pathology Working Group of the European Society of Cardiology aims to provide: (i) a definition of normality that refers to essential anatomical and embryological features of coronary vessels, based on the integrated analysis of studies of normal and abnormal coronary embryogenesis and pathophysiology; (ii) an animal model-based systematic survey of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate coronary blood vessel development; (iii) an organization of the wide spectrum of coronary artery anomalies, according to a comprehensive anatomical and embryological classification scheme; (iv) current knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying symptoms and signs of coronary artery anomalies, with diagnostic and therapeutic implications...
February 1, 2016: Cardiovascular Research
Chunxia Chen, Jinzhe Tan, Lixin Wang, Bing Han, Wei Sun, Li Zhao, Chunyan Huang, Bin Tan, Li Qin
BACKGROUND: Unexpected antibodies are frequently associated with hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) and hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs), and screening for those unexpected antibodies is critical for the safety and effectiveness of transfusion. Different populations differ in the prevalence of significant antibodies and also the low-frequency red blood cell (RBC) antigens. In China, antibody screening has been a common practice for pretransfusion testing for more than 10 years...
April 2016: Transfusion
Salvatore Torre, Elisa Biondani, Tiziano Menon, Diego Marchi, Mauro Franzoi, Daniele Ferrarini, Rocco Tabbì, Stiljan Hoxha, Luca Barozzi, Giuseppe Faggian, Giovanni Battista Luciani
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in infants is associated with morbidity due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Strategies to mitigate SIRS include management of perfusion temperature, hemodilution, circuit miniaturization, and biocompatibility. Traditionally, perfusion parameters have been based on body weight. However, intraoperative monitoring of systemic and cerebral metabolic parameters suggest that often, nominal CPB flows may be overestimated. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of continuous metabolic monitoring to manage CPB in infants during open-heart repair...
January 2016: Artificial Organs
José Mario Sabio, Josefina Martinez-Bordonado, Isabel Sánchez-Berná, José Antonio Vargas-Hitos, Juan Diego Mediavilla, Nuria Navarrete-Navarrete, Mónica Zamora-Pasadas, Manuela Expósito Ruíz, Juan Jiménez-Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To compare 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) values and patterns in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with those of a matched control group and their relationship with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS: ABPM was assessed in 70 women with SLE and in 65 sex- and age-matched controls without a history of clinic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis and a predictor of future CVD, was measured...
December 2015: Journal of Rheumatology
Yan Chen, Ling Ma, Yan-Chun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution of Colton, Diego, Kell and Yt rare blood groups in Chinese Nanjing Han population, so as to improve the transfusion capability of patients with rare blood group and to further enrich the rare-blood-donor bank. METHODS: A total of 2 015 blood samples from the blood donors were selected randomly to screen the presence of K⁺ and Kp(c+) (Kell), Yt(b+) (Yt), Co(b+) (Colton), Di(a+b+) and Di(a+b-) (Digeo) antigen allele by using PCR and multiplex PCR...
October 2015: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Rhiannon S McBean, Catherine A Hyland, Robert L Flower
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization, time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), is a sensitive analytical method capable of resolving DNA fragments varying in mass by a single nucleotide. MALDI-TOF MS is applicable to blood group genotyping, as the majority of blood group antigens are encoded by single nucleotide polymorphisms. Blood group genotyping by MALDI-TOF MS can be performed using a panel (Hemo ID Blood Group Genotyping Panel, Agena Bioscience Inc., San Diego, CA) that is a set of genotyping assays that predict the phenotype for 101 antigens from 16 blood group systems...
2015: Immunohematology
Paula Ramos Pinto, Débora Dias Ferraretto Moura Rocco, Ligia Shimabukuro Okuda, Adriana Machado-Lima, Gabriela Castilho, Karolline Santana da Silva, Diego Juvenal Gomes, Raphael de Souza Pinto, Rodrigo Tallada Iborra, Guilherme da Silva Ferreira, Edna Regina Nakandakare, Ubiratan Fabres Machado, Maria Lucia Cardillo Correa-Giannella, Sergio Catanozi, Marisa Passarelli
BACKGROUND: Regular exercise prevents and regresses atherosclerosis by improving lipid metabolism and antioxidant defenses. Exercise ameliorates the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT), an antiatherogenic system that drives cholesterol from arterial macrophages to the liver for excretion into bile and feces. In this study we analyzed the role of aerobic exercise on the in vivo RCT and expression of genes and proteins involved in lipid flux and inflammation in peritoneal macrophages, aortic arch and liver from wild type mice...
2015: Lipids in Health and Disease
Christopher J L Murray, Ryan M Barber, Kyle J Foreman, Ayse Abbasoglu Ozgoren, Foad Abd-Allah, Semaw F Abera, Victor Aboyans, Jerry P Abraham, Ibrahim Abubakar, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Niveen M Abu-Rmeileh, Tom Achoki, Ilana N Ackerman, Zanfina Ademi, Arsène K Adou, José C Adsuar, Ashkan Afshin, Emilie E Agardh, Sayed Saidul Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Mohammed I Albittar, Miguel A Alegretti, Zewdie A Alemu, Rafael Alfonso-Cristancho, Samia Alhabib, Raghib Ali, François Alla, Peter Allebeck, Mohammad A Almazroa, Ubai Alsharif, Elena Alvarez, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Azmeraw T Amare, Emmanuel A Ameh, Heresh Amini, Walid Ammar, H Ross Anderson, Benjamin O Anderson, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Palwasha Anwari, Johan Arnlöv, Valentina S Arsic Arsenijevic, Al Artaman, Rana J Asghar, Reza Assadi, Lydia S Atkins, Marco A Avila, Baffour Awuah, Victoria F Bachman, Alaa Badawi, Maria C Bahit, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Amitava Banerjee, Suzanne L Barker-Collo, Simon Barquera, Lars Barregard, Lope H Barrero, Arindam Basu, Sanjay Basu, Mohammed O Basulaiman, Justin Beardsley, Neeraj Bedi, Ettore Beghi, Tolesa Bekele, Michelle L Bell, Corina Benjet, Derrick A Bennett, Isabela M Bensenor, Habib Benzian, Eduardo Bernabé, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Tariku J Beyene, Neeraj Bhala, Ashish Bhalla, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Kelly Bienhoff, Boris Bikbov, Stan Biryukov, Jed D Blore, Christopher D Blosser, Fiona M Blyth, Megan A Bohensky, Ian W Bolliger, Berrak Bora Başara, Natan M Bornstein, Dipan Bose, Soufiane Boufous, Rupert R A Bourne, Lindsay N Boyers, Michael Brainin, Carol E Brayne, Alexandra Brazinova, Nicholas J K Breitborde, Hermann Brenner, Adam D Briggs, Peter M Brooks, Jonathan C Brown, Traolach S Brugha, Rachelle Buchbinder, Geoffrey C Buckle, Christine M Budke, Anne Bulchis, Andrew G Bulloch, Ismael R Campos-Nonato, Hélène Carabin, Jonathan R Carapetis, Rosario Cárdenas, David O Carpenter, Valeria Caso, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ruben E Castro, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiorella Cavalleri, Alanur Çavlin, Vineet K Chadha, Jung-Chen Chang, Fiona J Charlson, Honglei Chen, Wanqing Chen, Peggy P Chiang, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Rajiv Chowdhury, Hanne Christensen, Costas A Christophi, Massimo Cirillo, Matthew M Coates, Luc E Coffeng, Megan S Coggeshall, Valentina Colistro, Samantha M Colquhoun, Graham S Cooke, Cyrus Cooper, Leslie T Cooper, Luis M Coppola, Monica Cortinovis, Michael H Criqui, John A Crump, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Hadi Danawi, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Emily Dansereau, Paul I Dargan, Gail Davey, Adrian Davis, Dragos V Davitoiu, Anand Dayama, Diego De Leo, Louisa Degenhardt, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Robert P Dellavalle, Kebede Deribe, Sarah Derrett, Don C Des Jarlais, Muluken Dessalegn, Samath D Dharmaratne, Mukesh K Dherani, Cesar Diaz-Torné, Daniel Dicker, Eric L Ding, Klara Dokova, E Ray Dorsey, Tim R Driscoll, Leilei Duan, Herbert C Duber, Beth E Ebel, Karen M Edmond, Yousef M Elshrek, Matthias Endres, Sergey P Ermakov, Holly E Erskine, Babak Eshrati, Alireza Esteghamati, Kara Estep, Emerito Jose A Faraon, Farshad Farzadfar, Derek F Fay, Valery L Feigin, David T Felson, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Jefferson G Fernandes, Alize J Ferrari, Christina Fitzmaurice, Abraham D Flaxman, Thomas D Fleming, Nataliya Foigt, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, F Gerry R Fowkes, Urbano Fra Paleo, Richard C Franklin, Thomas Fürst, Belinda Gabbe, Lynne Gaffikin, Fortuné G Gankpé, Johanna M Geleijnse, Bradford D Gessner, Peter Gething, Katherine B Gibney, Maurice Giroud, Giorgia Giussani, Hector Gomez Dantes, Philimon Gona, Diego González-Medina, Richard A Gosselin, Carolyn C Gotay, Atsushi Goto, Hebe N Gouda, Nicholas Graetz, Harish C Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Rajeev Gupta, Reyna A Gutiérrez, Juanita Haagsma, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Holly Hagan, Yara A Halasa, Randah R Hamadeh, Hannah Hamavid, Mouhanad Hammami, Jamie Hancock, Graeme J Hankey, Gillian M Hansen, Yuantao Hao, Hilda L Harb, Josep Maria Haro, Rasmus Havmoeller, Simon I Hay, Roderick J Hay, Ileana B Heredia-Pi, Kyle R Heuton, Pouria Heydarpour, Hideki Higashi, Martha Hijar, Hans W Hoek, Howard J Hoffman, H Dean Hosgood, Mazeda Hossain, Peter J Hotez, Damian G Hoy, Mohamed Hsairi, Guoqing Hu, Cheng Huang, John J Huang, Abdullatif Husseini, Chantal Huynh, Marissa L Iannarone, Kim M Iburg, Kaire Innos, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Deborah L Jarvis, Simerjot K Jassal, Sun Ha Jee, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Paul N Jensen, Vivekanand Jha, Guohong Jiang, Ying Jiang, Jost B Jonas, Knud Juel, Haidong Kan, André Karch, Corine K Karema, Chante Karimkhani, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Anil Kaul, Norito Kawakami, Konstantin Kazanjan, Andrew H Kemp, Andre P Kengne, Andre Keren, Yousef S Khader, Shams Eldin A Khalifa, Ejaz A Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Young-Ho Khang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Sungroul Kim, Yunjin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Jonas M Kinge, Miia Kivipelto, Luke D Knibbs, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Soewarta Kosen, Sanjay Krishnaswami, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Ernst J Kuipers, Chanda Kulkarni, Veena S Kulkarni, G Anil Kumar, Hmwe H Kyu, Taavi Lai, Ratilal Lalloo, Tea Lallukka, Hilton Lam, Qing Lan, Van C Lansingh, Anders Larsson, Alicia E B Lawrynowicz, Janet L Leasher, James Leigh, Ricky Leung, Carly E Levitz, Bin Li, Yichong Li, Yongmei Li, Stephen S Lim, Maggie Lind, Steven E Lipshultz, Shiwei Liu, Yang Liu, Belinda K Lloyd, Katherine T Lofgren, Giancarlo Logroscino, Katharine J Looker, Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Paulo A Lotufo, Rafael Lozano, Robyn M Lucas, Raimundas Lunevicius, Ronan A Lyons, Stefan Ma, Michael F Macintyre, Mark T Mackay, Marek Majdan, Reza Malekzadeh, Wagner Marcenes, David J Margolis, Christopher Margono, Melvin B Marzan, Joseph R Masci, Mohammad T Mashal, Richard Matzopoulos, Bongani M Mayosi, Tasara T Mazorodze, Neil W Mcgill, John J Mcgrath, Martin Mckee, Abigail Mclain, Peter A Meaney, Catalina Medina, Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Yohannes A Melaku, Michele Meltzer, Ziad A Memish, George A Mensah, Atte Meretoja, Francis A Mhimbira, Renata Micha, Ted R Miller, Edward J Mills, Philip B Mitchell, Charles N Mock, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Karzan A Mohammad, Ali H Mokdad, Glen L D Mola, Lorenzo Monasta, Julio C Montañez Hernandez, Marcella Montico, Thomas J Montine, Meghan D Mooney, Ami R Moore, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Andrew E Moran, Rintaro Mori, Joanna Moschandreas, Wilkister N Moturi, Madeline L Moyer, Dariush Mozaffarian, William T Msemburi, Ulrich O Mueller, Mitsuru Mukaigawara, Erin C Mullany, Michele E Murdoch, Joseph Murray, Kinnari S Murthy, Mohsen Naghavi, Aliya Naheed, Kovin S Naidoo, Luigi Naldi, Devina Nand, Vinay Nangia, K M Venkat Narayan, Chakib Nejjari, Sudan P Neupane, Charles R Newton, Marie Ng, Frida N Ngalesoni, Grant Nguyen, Muhammad I Nisar, Sandra Nolte, Ole F Norheim, Rosana E Norman, Bo Norrving, Luke Nyakarahuka, In-Hwan Oh, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Summer L Ohno, Bolajoko O Olusanya, John Nelson Opio, Katrina Ortblad, Alberto Ortiz, Amanda W Pain, Jeyaraj D Pandian, Carlo Irwin A Panelo, Christina Papachristou, Eun-Kee Park, Jae-Hyun Park, Scott B Patten, George C Patton, Vinod K Paul, Boris I Pavlin, Neil Pearce, David M Pereira, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Fernando Perez-Ruiz, Norberto Perico, Aslam Pervaiz, Konrad Pesudovs, Carrie B Peterson, Max Petzold, Michael R Phillips, Bryan K Phillips, David E Phillips, Frédéric B Piel, Dietrich Plass, Dan Poenaru, Suzanne Polinder, Daniel Pope, Svetlana Popova, Richie G Poulton, Farshad Pourmalek, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Noela M Prasad, Rachel L Pullan, Dima M Qato, D Alex Quistberg, Anwar Rafay, Kazem Rahimi, Sajjad U Rahman, Murugesan Raju, Saleem M Rana, Homie Razavi, K Srinath Reddy, Amany Refaat, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Serge Resnikoff, Antonio L Ribeiro, Lee Richardson, Jan Hendrik Richardus, D Allen Roberts, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Gregory A Roth, Dietrich Rothenbacher, David H Rothstein, Jane T Rowley, Nobhojit Roy, George M Ruhago, Mohammad Y Saeedi, Sukanta Saha, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Uchechukwu K A Sampson, Juan R Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Peter Scarborough, Ione J Schneider, Ben Schöttker, Austin E Schumacher, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Soraya Seedat, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Peter T Serina, Edson E Servan-Mori, Katya A Shackelford, Amira Shaheen, Saeid Shahraz, Teresa Shamah Levy, Siyi Shangguan, Jun She, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Peilin Shi, Kenji Shibuya, Yukito Shinohara, Rahman Shiri, Kawkab Shishani, Ivy Shiue, Mark G Shrime, Inga D Sigfusdottir, Donald H Silberberg, Edgar P Simard, Shireen Sindi, Abhishek Singh, Jasvinder A Singh, Lavanya Singh, Vegard Skirbekk, Erica Leigh Slepak, Karen Sliwa, Samir Soneji, Kjetil Søreide, Sergey Soshnikov, Luciano A Sposato, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Dan J Stein, Murray B Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Timothy J Steiner, Antony Stevens, Andrea Stewart, Lars J Stovner, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Bruno F Sunguya, Soumya Swaminathan, Mamta Swaroop, Bryan L Sykes, Karen M Tabb, Ken Takahashi, Nikhil Tandon, David Tanne, Marcel Tanner, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Hugh R Taylor, Braden J Te Ao, Fabrizio Tediosi, Awoke M Temesgen, Tara Templin, Margreet Ten Have, Eric Y Tenkorang, Abdullah S Terkawi, Blake Thomson, Andrew L Thorne-Lyman, Amanda G Thrift, George D Thurston, Taavi Tillmann, Marcello Tonelli, Fotis Topouzis, Hideaki Toyoshima, Jefferson Traebert, Bach X Tran, Matias Trillini, Thomas Truelsen, Miltiadis Tsilimbaris, Emin M Tuzcu, Uche S Uchendu, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Eduardo A Undurraga, Selen B Uzun, Wim H Van Brakel, Steven Van De Vijver, Coen H van Gool, Jim Van Os, Tommi J Vasankari, N Venketasubramanian, Francesco S Violante, Vasiliy V Vlassov, Stein Emil Vollset, Gregory R Wagner, Joseph Wagner, Stephen G Waller, Xia Wan, Haidong Wang, Jianli Wang, Linhong Wang, Tati S Warouw, Scott Weichenthal, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert G Weintraub, Wang Wenzhi, Andrea Werdecker, Ronny Westerman, Harvey A Whiteford, James D Wilkinson, Thomas N Williams, Charles D Wolfe, Timothy M Wolock, Anthony D Woolf, Sarah Wulf, Brittany Wurtz, Gelin Xu, Lijing L Yan, Yuichiro Yano, Pengpeng Ye, Gökalp K Yentür, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa E Zaki, Yong Zhao, Yingfeng Zheng, David Zonies, Xiaonong Zou, Joshua A Salomon, Alan D Lopez, Theo Vos
BACKGROUND: The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and countries. The GBD can be used to generate summary measures such as disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and healthy life expectancy (HALE) that make possible comparative assessments of broad epidemiological patterns across countries and time...
November 28, 2015: Lancet
Cecilia N Pisoni, Silvia Reina, Diego Arakaki, Alicia Eimon, Carolina Carrizo, Enri Borda
OBJECTIVES: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) have increased IL-1β levels. IL-1β and other pro-inflammatory cytokines have a modulating activity on cardiac ion channels and have been associated with increased arrhythmic risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Likewise, adult patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) may have prolonged QTc intervals associated with the presence of anti-Ro/SSA antibodies. Our objective was to evaluate the presence of serum IL-1β in subjects with CTDs, in relation to the presence of anti-Ro/SSA antibodies and QTc interval duration...
September 2015: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Leonardo Susta, Diego G Diel, Sean Courtney, Stivalis Cardenas-Garcia, Roy S Sundick, Patti J Miller, Corrie C Brown, Claudio L Afonso
BACKGROUND: In mammals, interleukin 2 (IL-2) has been shown to decrease replication or attenuate pathogenicity of numerous viral pathogens (herpes simplex virus, vaccinia virus, human respiratory syncytial virus, human immunodeficiency virus) by activating natural killer cells (NK), cytotoxic T lymphocytes and expanding subsets of memory cells. In chickens, IL-2 has been shown to activate T cells, and as such it might have the potential to affect replication and pathogenesis of Newcastle disease virus (NDV)...
2015: Virology Journal
Firat Erdogan, Mustafa Eliaçık, Evrim Senkal, Sevil Karaman Erdur, Kudret Kulak, Ilke Ozahi Ipek
In our study we aimed to demonstrate the relationship between the serum iron levels, and tears quality and quantity in term newborns. This study was conducted at a single institution between March 2013 and May 2013. A total of 46 newborns were prospectively enrolled. Serum iron levels were measured via the umbilical cord blood. Infants were divided into two groups according to their serum iron levels. Group A, serum iron level ≤70 μg/dL (n = 27) and Group B, serum iron level > 70 μg/dL (n = 19). The evaluation of the osmolarity was tested by using the TearLab Osmolarity System (TearLab Co, San Diego, CA, USA)...
August 2015: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Vanessa Valdiglesias, María Sánchez-Flores, Ana Maseda, Diego Marcos-Pérez, José C Millán-Calenti, Eduardo Pásaro, Laura Lorenzo-López, Blanca Laffon
Age-related frailty is characterized by increased vulnerability to stress due to decline in homeostatic reserve, which results in increased risk of adverse health outcomes including disability, hospitalization, and death. The relationship between frailty and immunological system alterations is well established. Thus, analysis of immunological changes, such as alterations in lymphocyte subsets, during senescence may provide useful markers for frailty and associated pathologies. Since reference ranges currently used for lymphocyte subsets do not specifically differentiate the elderly group, the aim of this study was to (1) establish reference ranges in nonfrail elderly individuals and (2) assess the evolution of these parameters with age...
2015: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Christophe Bégat, Pascal Bailly, Jacques Chiaroni, Stéphane Mazières
Six decades ago the DI*A allele of the Diego blood group system was instrumental in proving Native American populations originated from Siberia. Since then, it has received scant attention. The present study was undertaken to reappraise distribution of the DI*A allele in 144 Native American populations based on current knowledge. Using analysis of variance tests, frequency distribution was studied according to geographical, environmental, and cultural parameters. Frequencies were highest in Amazonian populations...
2015: PloS One
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