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Blood group system: a review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784512/epidemiology-and-etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infection-in-infants-%C3%A2-60-days-old-treated-in-emergency-departments
#1
Christopher Woll, Mark I Neuman, Christopher M Pruitt, Marie E Wang, Eugene D Shapiro, Samir S Shah, Russell J McCulloh, Lise E Nigrovic, Sanyukta Desai, Adrienne G DePorre, Rianna C Leazer, Richard D Marble, Fran Balamuth, Elana A Feldman, Laura F Sartori, Whitney L Browning, Paul L Aronson
OBJECTIVES: To help guide empiric treatment of infants ≤60 days old with suspected invasive bacterial infection by describing pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤60 days old with invasive bacterial infection (bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis) evaluated in the emergency departments of 11 children's hospitals between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2016. Each site's microbiology laboratory database or electronic medical record system was queried to identify infants from whom a bacterial pathogen was isolated from either blood or cerebrospinal fluid...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771084/-the-long-term-effect-analysis-of-the-tongue-base-traction-hyoid-suspension-with-repose-system-in-multiplanar-surgery
#2
Y Zhang, Z X Liu, N D Zheng, W J Wang, X J Wang, M L Meng, Q Wang, Y Cao, Z J Li
Objective: To explore the long-term effect of Repose bone screw system in the treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. Method: The follow-up group was divided into the short-term (<12 months, control group, 30 cases) and the long-term (more than 12 months, observation, 46 cases). And compared the operation effect of the two groups. Furthermore, the parameters and related factors of surgical efficacy of patients with different follow-up time and different surgical methods were further analyzed...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770299/regenerative-medicine-therapy-for-single-ventricle-congenital-heart-disease
#3
REVIEW
Chetan Ambastha, Gregory J Bittle, David Morales, Nathaniel Parchment, Progyaparamita Saha, Rachana Mishra, Sudhish Sharma, Alexander Vasilenko, Muthukumar Gunasekaran, Manal T Al-Suqi, Deqiang Li, Peixin Yang, Sunjay Kaushal
One of the most complex forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) involving single ventricle physiology is hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), characterized by underdevelopment of the left ventricle (LV), mitral and aortic valves, and narrowing of the ascending aorta. The underdeveloped LV is incapable of providing long-term systemic flow, and if left untreated, the condition is fatal. Current treatment for this condition consists of three consecutive staged palliative operations: the first is conducted within the first few weeks of birth, the second between 4 to 6 months, and the third and final surgery within the first 4 years...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759850/differences-in-prehospital-patient-assessments-for-pediatric-versus-adult-patients
#4
Sriram Ramgopal, Jonathan Elmer, Jeremiah Escajeda, Christian Martin-Gill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether completion of vital signs assessments in pediatric transports by emergency medical services (EMS) differs by patient age. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed records by 20 agencies in a regional EMS system in Southwestern Pennsylvania between April 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016. We abstracted demographics, vital signs (systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate), clinical, and transport characteristics. We categorized age as neonates (≤30 days), infants (1 month to <1 year), toddler (1 to <2 years), early childhood (2 to <6 years), middle childhood (6 to <12 years), adolescent (12 to <18 years), and adult (≥18 years)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752218/elevated-international-normalized-ratio-is-not-associated-with-increased-perioperative-morbidity-in-podiatric-limb-salvage-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Nalini Vadivelu, Alice M Kai, Feng Dai, Hosni Mikhael, Rima Aouad, Peter Blume
The risk of hemorrhage always exists in anticoagulated patients with an elevated international normalized ratio (INR), a risk that must be measured against the necessity for surgical procedures. The objective of the present retrospective medical record study was to assess the safety with which limb salvage procedures can be conducted in patients with an INR >1.4. The medical records of 231 patients who had undergone limb salvage procedures by 1 surgeon at the Yale New Haven Health System from November 2008 through July 2014 were reviewed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750855/pharmacological-and-nutritional-effects-of-natural-coumarins-and-their-structure-activity-relationships
#6
REVIEW
Jing-Jing Zhu, Jian-Guo Jiang
Coumarins are fused benzene and pyrone ring systems with a wide spectrum of bioactivities including anti-tumor, anti-inflammation, antiviral and antibacterial effects. In this paper, the current development of coumarins-based drugs is introduced, and their structure-activity relationship is discussed by reviewing the relevant literatures published in the past twenty years. Coumarin molecules can be customized by the target site to prevent systemic side effects by virtue of structural modification. The ortho-phenolic hydroxyl on the benzene ring had remarkable antioxidant and anti-tumor activities...
May 11, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750678/ce-understanding-the-nurse-s-role-in-managing-gaucher-disease
#7
Erika R Vucko
How advances in screening, diagnosis, and treatment affect patient care. ABSTRACT: Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are a group of inherited metabolic conditions, the overall incidence of which is estimated to range from one in 5,000 to one in 7,000 live births. Gaucher disease, the most common LSD, is of autosomal recessive inheritance. It results from a deficiency of acid β-glucocerebrosidase and can affect the spleen, liver, bone, bone marrow, and central nervous system. Gaucher disease is clinically classified into one of three phenotypes, depending on the absence or presence of neurodegenerative disease and the rate of disease progression...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750286/enzyme-replacement-therapy-a-review-and-its-role-in-treating-lysosomal-storage-diseases
#8
Mindy Li
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders caused by defects in lysosomal function that lead to multiorgan system damage. Due to wide clinical variability within even a single disorder, making a diagnosis can be difficult and identification may be delayed. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) was first approved as a treatment for the LSD Gaucher disease in 1991. ERT development for other LSDs followed, and ERT is currently approved for eight LSDs in the United States. ERT may help slow progression and improve clinical symptoms, but it cannot affect neurologic features due to its inability to cross the blood-brain barrier...
May 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741254/present-status-and-perspective-of-laboratory-hematology-in-japan-on-the-standardization-of-blood-cell-morphology-including-myelodysplasia-on-behalf-of-the-japanese-society-for-laboratory-hematology
#9
REVIEW
K Tohyama
The Japanese Society for Laboratory Hematology (JSLH) was launched in 2000 and has been developed by a mutual collaboration of hematologists, medical technologists, and the companies involved in hematological laboratory testing. The aim of JSLH is the progress and development of laboratory hematology by academic conferences, periodic publication of academic journal, training and education (in the meeting, the journal, or the website), promotion of the standardization of laboratory hematology, and certification of the laboratory hematology specialists...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732488/coronary-flow-reserve-in-systemic-rheumatic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Gian Luca Erre, Giorgio Buscetta, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Arduino Aleksander Mangoni, Ciriaco Carru, Giuseppe Passiu, Angelo Zinellu
Coronary flow reserve (CFR), a measure of both obstructive coronary artery disease and microvascular dysfunction, has been evaluated in systemic rheumatic diseases (RDs), but a comprehensive critical appraisal of the available evidence is lacking. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies with small sample size investigating the associations between the presence of RDs and CFR to increase statistical power and accuracy. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar, from inception to March 2018, were searched for studies reporting on CFR in RDs in comparison to healthy subjects...
May 7, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729003/exercise-prescription-in-patients-with-different-combinations-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-consensus-statement-from-the-expert-working-group
#11
REVIEW
Dominique Hansen, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Olga Barna, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Christoph Stettler, Cajsa Tonoli, Eugenio Greco, Robert Fagard, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Roberto Pedretti, Gustavo Rovelo Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona Sarzi Braga, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Tim Takken, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty, Paul Dendale
Whereas exercise training is key in the management of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk (obesity, diabetes, dyslipidaemia, hypertension), clinicians experience difficulties in how to optimally prescribe exercise in patients with different CVD risk factors. Therefore, a consensus statement for state-of-the-art exercise prescription in patients with combinations of CVD risk factors as integrated into a digital training and decision support system (the EXercise Prescription in Everyday practice & Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool) needed to be established...
May 4, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720120/telomere-length-differences-between-colorectal-polyp-subtypes-a-colonoscopy-based-case-control-study
#12
Sheetal Hardikar, Andrea N Burnett-Hartman, Amanda I Phipps, Melissa P Upton, Lee-Ching Zhu, Polly A Newcomb
BACKGROUND: Short telomeres have been associated with increased risk of many cancers, particularly cancers of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus and stomach. However, the association between telomere length (TL) and colorectal cancer and its precursors, colorectal polyps, is not clear. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between TL and risk of colorectal polyp subtypes in a colonoscopy-based study in western Washington. Participants were 35-79 year-old enrollees at an integrated health care system, who underwent a colonoscopy between 1998 and 2007 (n = 190), completed a self-administered questionnaire, provided blood samples, and were distinguished as having adenomas, serrated polyps, or as polyp-free controls through a standardized pathology review...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712489/sensitivity-of-prenatal-ultrasound-for-detection-of-trisomy-18
#13
David A Becker, Ying Tang, Adam P Jacobs, Joseph R Biggio, Rodney K Edwards, Akila Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity of prenatal ultrasound (US) for trisomy (T18) diagnosis and describe US findings in a large tertiary care institution in the USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort of all T18 cases diagnosed at our institution from October 2004-October 2014 based on prenatal or postnatal genetic diagnostic testing. We included all women with a fetus affected by T18 who had a comprehensive US by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist performed at our institution...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702045/positron-emission-tomography-pet-and-pharmacokinetics-classical-blood-sampling-versus-image-derived-analysis-of-18f-faza-and-18f-fdg-in-a-murine-tumor-bearing-model
#14
Hans-Soenke Jans, Xiao-Hong Yang, Dion R Brocks, Piyush Kumar, Melinda Wuest, Leonard I Wiebe
PURPOSE: Pharmacokinetic (PK) data are generally derived from blood samples withdrawn serially over a defined period after dosing. In small animals, blood sampling after dosing presents technical difficulties, particularly when short time intervals and frequent sampling are required. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive functional imaging technique that can provide semi-quantitative temporal data for defined volume regions of interest (vROI), to support kinetic analyses in blood and other tissues...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700923/the-impact-of-fixed-dose-combination-versus-free-equivalent-combination-therapies-on-adherence-for-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#15
Li-Ping Du, Zhong-Wei Cheng, Yu-Xuan Zhang, Ying Li, Dan Mei
Nonadherence to antihypertensive medication is considered as a reason of inadequate control of blood pressure. This meta-analysis aimed to systemically evaluate the impact of fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapy on hypertensive medication adherence compared with free-equivalent combination therapies. Articles were retrieved from MEDLINE and Embase databases using a combination of terms "fixed-dose combinations" and "adherence or compliance or persistence" and "hypertension or antihypertensive" from January 2000 to June 2017 without any language restriction...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697933/comparison-of-inflammatory-markers-between-brucella-and-non-brucella-epididymo-orchitis
#16
Ali Cift, Mehmet Ozgur Yucel
OBJECTIVES: Brucellosis is a multi-system infectious disease that is associated with inflammation, which causes an increase in acute phase reactants. Hematological inflammatory markers of brucellosis include mean platelet volume (MPV), red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of hematological inflammatory markers in Brucella epididymo-orchitis (BEO), and to investigate the utility of these markers for differential diagnosis from non-Brucella epididymo-orchitis (non-BEO)...
April 15, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690684/-the-composition-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-isolates-from-lower-respiratory-tract-and-blood-in-hospitalized-patients-in-respiratory-ward-a-multicenter-national-study-in-china
#17
X Tang, C Zhuo, Y C Xu, N S Zhong
Objective: To investigate the species and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial pathogens isolated from hospitalized patients in respiratory ward in China. Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study based on a national epidemiological network called China Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance System (CARSS). The non-repetitive strains isolated from lower respiratory tract and blood samples in 91 hospitals from seven geographic regions of CARSS were reviewed. The distribution of specimen type, hospital level (secondary and tertiary hospital), patient age group [geriatric (>65 years old), adult (15 to 65 years old), pediatric (28 days to 14 years old ) and newborn group (≤28 days)] and ward type (respiratory intensive care unit and general respiratory ward) were analyzed for MRSA, PRSP, CREC, CRKP, CRPA, CRAB, ESBL-EC and ESBL-KP...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679366/blood-group-and-incidence-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Bożena Mroczek, Zygmunt Sitko, Agnieszka Sujewicz, Weronika Wolińska, Iwona Karpeta-Pawlak, Donata Kurpas
Chronic respiratory diseases are determined by genetic predisposition, and environmental and socioeconomic variables. One genetic factor underlying susceptibility to such diseases can be the ABO blood group system. The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that there would be a relationship between the blood group and risk of developing asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We reviewed medical history files of patients with the diagnosis of COPD or asthma, including those suffering from a cancerous disease accompanied by asthma or COPD, hospitalized from January 2016 to July 2017...
April 21, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677972/reflection-on-mobile-applications-for-blood-pressure-management-a-systematic-review-on-potential-effects-and-initiatives
#19
Reyhaneh Mohammadi, Movahhedeh Ayatolahi Tafti, Soodabeh Hoveidamanesh, Reza Ghanavati, Omid Pournik
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic heart disease and stroke have been considered as the first global leading cause of death in last decades [1]. Blood pressure (BP) management is one of the easiest ways suggested for preventing and controlling cardiovascular diseases before the patient develops complications and death-following outcomes. Appearance of technology advancements in the health system has motivated researchers and health providers to study its different aspects and applications in order to improve disease prevention and management...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666944/macrophages-play-an-essential-role-in-trauma-induced-sterile-inflammation-and-tissue-repair
#20
REVIEW
Moritz Peiseler, Paul Kubes
Severe trauma is accompanied by a profound activation of the immune system. Patients with polytrauma develop systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and often sepsis, which contributes substantially to high mortality of this condition. On a cellular level, necrosis and loss of plasma membrane integrity lead to the release of endogenous "damage-associated molecular patterns" (DAMPs) as danger signals, which in turn activate innate immune cells. Inflammation that occurs in the absence of invading pathogens has been termed sterile inflammation and trauma with tissue damage represents an acute form of sterile inflammation...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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