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Blood group system review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229195/predictors-for-uroseptic-shock-in-patients-who-undergo-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy
#1
Junhong Fan, Shawpong Wan, Luhao Liu, Zhijian Zhao, Zanlin Mai, Dong Chen, Wei Zhu, Zhou Yang, Lili Ou, Wenqi Wu
To identify risk factors that can predict which patient is likely to progress from systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) to uroseptic shock after minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL) for the upper urinary tract stones. We retrospectively reviewed 156 patients who suffered infectious complications after MPCNL from March 2014 to February 2016. Perioperative risk factors that could potentially contribute to uroseptic shock were compared to those of patients with only SIRS. 135 of the 156 patients developed to SIRS only, the remaining 21 patients progressed to uroseptic shock...
February 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228373/statins-and-fibrates-for-diabetic-retinopathy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#2
Vania Mozetic, Carolina Gomes Freitas, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus, and more than 75% of patients who have had diabetes for more than 20 years will have some degree of DR. This disease is highly destructive to self-esteem and puts a high burden on public health and pension systems due to the effects that it has on people of working age. The current mainstay of treatment is laser photocoagulation, which causes impairment of vision and discomfort to patients...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224766/thromboelastographic-evaluation-of-coagulation-in-patients-with-liver-disease
#3
Kyung Hwa Shin, In Suk Kim, Hyun Ji Lee, Hyung Hoi Kim, Chulhun L Chang, Young Mi Hong, Ki Tae Yoon, Mong Cho
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the parameters of thromboelastography (TEG) for evaluating coagulopathy and to reveal an association with disease severity and/or transfusion requirement in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) in a clinical laboratory setting. METHODS: We enrolled two groups of adult patients with cirrhotic (N=123) and non-cirrhotic liver disease (N=52), as well as 84 healthy controls. Reaction time (R), kinetic time (K), α-angle (α), maximal amplitude (MA), and coagulation index (CI) were measured with kaolin-activated citrated blood with the TEG 5000 system (Haemonetics Corporation, USA)...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217375/lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-can-predict-mortality-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#4
Gurshawn Singh, Ammar Nassri, David Kim, Hong Zhu, Zeeshan Ramzan
AIM: To determine if the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) could be helpful in predicting survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients diagnosed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the VA North Texas Healthcare System from January 2005 to December 2010. The LMR was calculated from peripheral blood cell counts obtained at the time of diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by dividing the absolute lymphocyte count by the absolute monocyte count...
February 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193994/predictive-role-of-intraoperative-plasma-fibrinogen-for-postoperative-portal-venous-flow-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#5
Min Suk Chae, Chul Soo Park, Su A Oh, Sang Hyun Hong
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported poor graft regeneration after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) due to inappropriate portal venous flow (PVF). In this study, we investigated the perioperative factors affecting postoperative PVF after LDLT. MATERIAL AND METHODS The perioperative data of 366 LDLT patients were retrospectively reviewed. The average PVF on postoperative days 1, 3, and 5 was measured and dichotomized at a cut-off value for patient survival of 1,477 mL/min. Perioperative variables, including coagulation profiles, were compared between high and low postoperative PVF groups...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188612/hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin-during-pregnancy-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#6
REVIEW
Ahizechukwu C Eke, George U Eleje, Uzoamaka A Eke, Yun Xia, Jiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver. It is mainly transmitted between people through contact with infected blood, frequently from mother to baby in-utero. Hepatitis B poses significant risk to the fetus and up to 85% of infants infected by their mothers at birth develop chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a purified solution of human immunoglobulin that could be administered to the mother, newborn, or both. HBIG offers protection against HBV infection when administered to pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) or hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or both...
February 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#7
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182647/performance-analysis-of-a-machine-learning-flagging-system-used-to-identify-a-group-of-individuals-at-a-high-risk-for-colorectal-cancer
#8
Yaron Kinar, Pinchas Akiva, Eran Choman, Revital Kariv, Varda Shalev, Bernard Levin, Steven A Narod, Ran Goshen
Individuals with colorectal cancer (CRC) have a tendency to intestinal bleeding which may result in mild to severe iron deficiency anemia, but for many colon cancer patients hematological abnormalities are subtle. The fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is used as a pre-screening test whereby those with a positive FOBT are referred to colonscopy. We sought to determine if information contained in the complete blood count (CBC) report coud be processed automatically and used to predict the presence of occult colorectal cancer (CRC) in the setting of a large health services plan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182157/comparison-of-the-clinical-efficacy-of-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-treating-small-renal-cell-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Hongfeng Shen, Ruisha Tu, Wei Li, Geng He, Wei Huang, Zhenchang Qin, Chongfeng Wang, Shuyong Yu
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common malignancy of the urinary system with high rates of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate and analyze the clinical efficacy of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy and laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for the treatment of small RCC. METHODS: In this retrospective study of 45 patients with small RCC, the patients were divided into two treatment groups: Group A (retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, 25 cases) and Group B (retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, 20 cases)...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164774/tauopathies-focus-on-changes-at-the-neurovascular-unit
#10
Alena Michalicova, William A Banks, Jaroslav Legath, Andrej Kovac
In the past, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) had been characterized mainly as a layer of endothelial cells forming the vessel/capillary wall of the brain. More recently, the BBB is considered to be a part of a highly dynamic and interactive system called the neurovascular unit (NVU), consisting of vascular cells, glial cells, and neurons. The list of central nervous system (CNS) pathologies involving BBB dysfunction is rapidly growing. The opening of the BBB and subsequent infiltration of serum components to the brain can lead to host of processes resulting in progressive synaptic and neuronal dysfunction and loss...
February 3, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155614/cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-matricellular-and-matricrine-signaling-in-cardiovascular-homeostasis-and-disease
#11
Yi Fu, Wei Kong
Cardiovascular (CV) diseases remain a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Increasing the understanding of the pathogenesis of various CV diseases may provide novel therapeutic targets to improve their prevention and treatment. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), also known as thrombospondin-5 (TSP-5), is a matricellular protein that is abundantly expressed in both cartilage and the CV system. Our group and others have identified COMP as playing critical roles in maintaining CV homeostasis...
February 1, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151395/molecular-basis-of-the-duffy-blood-group-system
#12
REVIEW
Gabriela Höher, Marilu Fiegenbaum, Silvana Almeida
ACKR1, located on chromosome 1q23.2, is the gene that encodes a glycoprotein expressing the Duffy blood group antigens. This gene is transcribed in two mRNA variants yielding two isoforms, encoding proteins with 338 and 336 amino acids. This review provides a general overview of the Duffy blood group to characterise and elucidate the genetic basis of this system. The Fy(a) and Fy(b) antigens are encoded by co-dominant FY*A (FY*01) and FY*B (FY*02) alleles, which differ by c.125G>A (rs12075), defining the Fy(a+b-), Fy(a-b+) and Fy(a+b+) phenotypes...
January 30, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145686/in-situ-characterization-of-protein-adsorption-onto-nanoparticles-by-fluorescence-correlation-spectroscopy
#13
Li Shang, G Ulrich Nienhaus
Nanotechnology holds great promise for applications in many fields including biology and medicine. Unfortunately, the processes occurring at the interface between nanomaterials and living systems are exceedingly complex and not yet well understood, which has significantly hampered the realization of many nanobiotechnology applications. Whenever nanoparticles (NPs) are incorporated by a living organism, a protein adsorption layer, also known as the "protein corona", forms on the NP surface. Accordingly, living organisms interact with protein-coated rather than bare NPs, and their biological responses depend on the nature of the protein corona...
February 1, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132746/acc-aha-special-report-clinical%C3%A2-practice-guideline-implementation-strategies-a%C3%A2-summary-of-systematic-reviews-by-the-nhlbi-implementation-science-work-group-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#14
Wiley V Chan, Thomas A Pearson, Glen C Bennett, William C Cushman, Thomas A Gaziano, Paul N Gorman, Joel Handler, Harlan M Krumholz, Robert F Kushner, Thomas D MacKenzie, Ralph L Sacco, Sidney C Smith, Victor J Stevens, Barbara L Wells
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened an Implementation Science Work Group to assess evidence-based strategies for effectively implementing clinical practice guidelines. This was part of a larger effort to update existing clinical practice guidelines on cholesterol, blood pressure, and overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVES: Review evidence from the published implementation science literature and identify effective or promising strategies to enhance the adoption and implementation of clinical practice guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126839/acc-aha-special-report-clinical-practice-guideline-implementation-strategies-a-summary-of-systematic-reviews-by-the-nhlbi-implementation-science-work-group-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#15
Wiley V Chan, Thomas A Pearson, Glen C Bennett, William C Cushman, Thomas A Gaziano, Paul N Gorman, Joel Handler, Harlan M Krumholz, Robert F Kushner, Thomas D MacKenzie, Ralph L Sacco, Sidney C Smith, Victor J Stevens, Barbara L Wells, Graciela Castillo, Susan K R Heil, Jennifer Stephens, Julie C Jacobson Vann
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened an Implementation Science Work Group to assess evidence-based strategies for effectively implementing clinical practice guidelines. This was part of a larger effort to update existing clinical practice guidelines on cholesterol, blood pressure, and overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVES: Review evidence from the published implementation science literature and identify effective or promising strategies to enhance the adoption and implementation of clinical practice guidelines...
January 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124528/can-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-lamina-propria-invasion-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#16
Haci Ibrahim Cimen, Fikret Halis, Hasan Salih Saglam, Ahmet Gokce
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated the role of systemic inflammation in the development and progression of cancer. In this study, we evaluated whether preoperatively measured neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can predict lamina propria invasion in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 304 consecutive and newly diagnosed patients with bladder cancer who had been treated with transurethral resection between January 2008 and June 2014...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123972/blood-pool-contrast-agents-for-venous-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
REVIEW
Irai S Oliveira, Sandeep S Hedgire, Weier Li, Suvranu Ganguli, Anand M Prabhakar
Imaging of the venous system plays a vital role in the diagnosis and management of a wide range of clinically significant disorders. There have been great advances in venous imaging techniques, culminating in the use of magnetic resonance venography (MRV). Although MRV has distinct advantages in anatomic and quantitative cross sectional imaging without ionizing radiation, there are well-known challenges in acquisition timing and contrast administration in patients with renal impairment. The latest advancement involves the addition of new contrast media agents, which have emerged as valuable alternatives in these difficult scenarios...
December 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111125/superficial-vancomycin-coating-of-bone-cement-in-orthopedic-revision-surgery-a-safe-technique-to-enhance-local-antibiotic-concentrations
#18
Florian Amerstorfer, Stefan Fischerauer, Patrick Sadoghi, Gerold Schwantzer, Klaus Dieter Kuehn, Andreas Leithner, Mathias Glehr
BACKGROUND: The use of antibiotic-loaded cement has become a well-accepted method to develop high local antibiotic concentrations in revision surgery of infected arthroplasty. A new surgical technique has been established to further increase the local antibiotic concentration and thereby minimizes the risk of reinfection. Our study aim was to investigate the safety of additional superficial vancomycin coating (SVC) by analyzing postoperative joint and serum vancomycin concentrations, as well as the creatinine levels of patients with orthopedic revision surgery...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107730/systemic-atherosclerosis-and-voiding-symptom
#19
A Ozgur Yeniel, A Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Anıl Ari, Ceren Sancar, Ismail Mete Itil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of atherosclerosis on the storage and voiding symptoms of the bladder in women with overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of women with OAB who were evaluated between 2013 and 2015 in our urogynecology unit. Charts were assessed for history, examination findings, urinary diary, quality of life (QOL) questionnaires, urodynamic studies (UDSs), and four main risk factors for atherosclerosis: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and hyperlipidemia...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092931/the-criteria-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-national-health-checkup-and-education-system-in-japan
#20
Kazumasa Yamagishi, Hiroyasu Iso
Two major definitions of metabolic syndrome have been proposed. One focuses on accumulation of risk factors such as the American Heart Association (AHA) and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) criteria; and the other focuses on abdominal obesity such as the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Japanese criteria. The latter consider waist circumference as an obligatory component, whereas the former does not. In 2009, the IDF, NHLBI, AHA and the other organizations attempted to unify these criteria, and waist circumference is no longer an obligatory component...
January 6, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
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