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Transfusion practices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626367/towards-the-manufacture-of-megakaryocytes-and-platelets-for-clinical-application
#1
REVIEW
Anja Baigger, Rainer Blasczyk, Constanca Figueiredo
Platelet transfusions are used in standard clinical practice to prevent hemorrhage in patients suffering from thrombocytopenia or platelet dysfunctions. Recently, a constant rise on the demand of platelets for transfusion has been registered. This may be associated with several factors including demographic changes, population aging as well as incidence and prevalence of hematological diseases. In addition, platelet-regenerative properties have been started to be exploited in different areas such as tissue remodeling and anti-cancer therapies...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623949/hemoglobin-concentrations-and-rbc-transfusion-thresholds-in-patients-with-acute-brain-injury-an-international-survey
#2
Rafael Badenes, Mauro Oddo, José I Suarez, Massimo Antonelli, Jeffrey Lipman, Giuseppe Citerio, Fabio Silvio Taccone
BACKGROUND: The optimal hemoglobin (Hb) threshold at which to initiate red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in patients with acute brain injury is unknown. The aim of this survey was to investigate RBC transfusion practices used with these patients. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey within various societies of critical care medicine for intensive care unit (ICU) physicians who currently manage patients with primary acute brain injury. RESULTS: A total of 868 responses were obtained from around the world, half of which (n = 485) were from European centers; 204 (24%) respondents had a specific certificate in neurocritical care, and most were specialists in anesthesiology or intensive care and had less than 15 years of practice experience...
June 17, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619688/single-port-laparoscopy-in-gynecologic-oncology-seven-years-of-experience-at-a-single-institution
#3
Laura Moulton, Amelia M Jernigan, Caitlin Carr, Lindsey Freeman, Pedro F Escobar, Chad M Michener
BACKGROUND: Single port laparoscopy has gained popularity within minimally invasive gynecologic surgery for its feasibility, cosmetic outcomes and safety. However, within gynecologic oncology, there is limited data regarding short-term adverse outcomes and long term hernia risk in patients undergoing single port laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term outcomes and hernia rates in patients after single port laparoscopy in a gynecologic oncology practice...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614427/a-new-era-of-thromboelastometry
#4
Tomaz Crochemore, Felipe Maia de Toledo Piza, Roseny Dos Reis Rodrigues, João Carlos de Campos Guerra, Leonardo José Rolim Ferraz, Thiago Domingos Corrêa
Severe hemorrhage with necessity of allogeneic blood transfusion is common complication in intensive care unit and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Prompt recognition and treatment of bleeding causes becomes essential for the effective control of hemorrhage, rationalizing the use of allogeneic blood components, and in this way, preventing an occurrence of their potential adverse effects. Conventional coagulation tests such as prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time present limitations in predicting bleeding and guiding transfusion therapy in critically ill patients...
June 12, 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610884/outcomes-for-low-risk-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-a-benchmark-for-aortic-valve-technology
#5
Lily E Johnston, Emily A Downs, Robert B Hawkins, Mohammed A Quader, Alan M Speir, Jeffrey B Rich, Ravi K Ghanta, Leora T Yarboro, Gorav Ailawadi
BACKGROUND: Two large, randomized trials are underway evaluating transcatheter aortic valve replacement (AVR) against conventional surgical AVR. We analyzed contemporary, real-world outcomes of surgical AVR in low-risk patients to provide a practical benchmark of outcomes and cost for evaluating current and future transapical AVR technology. METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, 2,505 isolated AVR operations were performed for severe aortic stenosis at 18 statewide cardiac institutions...
June 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608137/red-blood-cell-transfusion-in-the-resuscitation-of-septic-patients-with-hematological-malignancies
#6
Adrien Mirouse, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Virginie Lemiale, Djamel Mokart, Achille Kouatchet, Julien Mayaux, François Vincent, Martine Nyunga, Fabrice Bruneel, Antoine Rabbat, Christine Lebert, Pierre Perez, Anne Renault, Anne-Pascale Meert, Dominique Benoit, Rebecca Hamidfar, Mercé Jourdain, Michaël Darmon, Elie Azoulay, Frédéric Pène
BACKGROUND: Indications for red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in septic acute circulatory failure remain unclear. We addressed the practices and the prognostic impact of RBC transfusion in the early resuscitation of severe sepsis and septic shock in patients with hematological malignancies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of patients with hematological malignancies who required intensive care unit (ICU) admission in 2010-2011...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602484/red-blood-cell-transfusion-and-outcome-in-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Nayyer Iqbal, Kamal Haider, Vinita Sundaram, Julia Radosevic, Thierry Burnouf, Jerard Seghatchian, Hadi Goubran
Oncology services utilize about 15% of the blood transfusion resources in the USA. Red blood cell transfusion is performed immediately before, during or after major surgery to compensate for blood loss and hemodilution. However, a lack of evidence-based guidelines leads to variable transfusion practices among clinicians. The benefits of transfusing blood products are obvious in life-threatening low blood cell counts or bleeding, but it is becoming apparent that deliberate blood transfusion in some cancer patients can trigger negative clinical impacts...
May 26, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598905/military-use-of-txa-in-combat-trauma-does-it-matter
#8
Jeffrey T Howard, Zsolt T Stockinger, Andrew P Cap, Jeffrey A Bailey, Kirby R Gross
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been previously reported to have a mortality benefit in civilian and combat-related trauma, and was thus added to the Joint Theater Trauma System Damage Control Resuscitation Clinical Practice Guideline. As part of ongoing system-wide performance improvement, the use of TXA has been closely monitored. The goal was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TXA use in military casualties and provide additional guidance for continued use. METHODS: A total of 3,773 casualties were included in this retrospective, observational study of data gathered from a trauma registry...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597740/pocket-haematoma-after-cardiac-electronic-device-implantation-in-patients-receiving-antiplatelet-and-anticoagulant-treatment-a-single-centre-experience
#9
Gültekin Gunhan Demir, Gamze Babur Guler, Ekrem Guler, HacıMurat Güneş, Filiz Kizilirmak, İbrahim Oğuz Karaca, Mehmet Onur Omaygenç, Beytullah Çakal, Erkam Olgun, Umeyr Savur, Ersın Ibisoglu, Irfan Barutçu, Fethi Kiliçaslan
Objective In modern cardiology practice, implantation of cardiac electronic devices in patients taking anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy is a common clinical scenario. Bleeding complications are of particular concern in this patient population and pocket haematoma is one of the most frequent complications. We sought to determine the relationship between periprocedural antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy and pocket haematoma formation in patients undergoing cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation...
February 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597478/safety-of-the-use-of-group-a-plasma-in-trauma-the-stat-study
#10
Nancy M Dunbar, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: Use of universally ABO-compatible group AB plasma for trauma resuscitation can be challenging due to supply limitations. Many centers are now using group A plasma during the initial resuscitation of traumatically injured patients. This study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of this practice on mortality and hospital length of stay (LOS). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Seventeen trauma centers using group A plasma in trauma patients of unknown ABO group participated in this study...
June 8, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594725/pelvic-exenteration-surgery-the-evolution-of-radical-surgical-techniques-for-advanced-and-recurrent-pelvic-malignancy
#11
Kilian G M Brown, Michael J Solomon, Cherry E Koh
Pelvic exenteration was first described by Alexander Brunschwig in 1948 in New York as a palliative procedure for recurrent carcinoma of the cervix. Because of initially high rates of morbidity and mortality, the practice of this ultraradical operation was largely confined to a small number of American centers for most of the 20 century. The post-World War II era saw advances in anaesthesia, blood transfusion, and intensive care medicine that would facilitate the evolution of more radical and heroic abdominal and pelvic surgery...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593771/-rare-forms-of-feto-fetal-transfusion-in-a-clinical-practice
#12
H Kováčová, D Matura, O Šimetka, J Pannová, P Delongová
OBJECTIVE: To analyze monochorionic twin pregnancies with twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) and acute peripartal twin to twin syndrome (aTTTS), to compare their prenatal management and perinatal outcome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of monochorionic biamniotic twin pregnancies without signs of chronic TTTS within a period 10/2010 to 10/2013. Further selection of cases with haemoglobin difference in neonates greater than 50 g/l was made, type of feto-fetal haemorrhage was determined and their prenatal and postnatal characteristics were described...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590357/rotem-significantly-optimizes-transfusion-practices-for-damage-control-resuscitation-in-combat-casualties
#13
Nicolas J Prat, Andrew D Meyer, Nichole K Ingalls, Julie Trichereau, Joseph J DuBose, Andrew P Cap
BACKGROUND: Up to 40% of combat casualties with a truncal injury die of massive hemorrhage before reaching a surgeon. This hemorrhage can be prevented with damage control resuscitation (DCR) methods, which are focused on replacing shed whole blood (WB) by empirically transfusing blood components in a 1:1:1:1 ratio of platelets:plasma:erythrocytes:cryoprecipitate (PLT:FFP:RBC:CRYO). Measurement of hemostatic function with thromboelastometry (ROTEM) may allow optimization of the type and quantity of blood products transfused...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585233/progress-in-the-blood-supply-of-afghanistan
#14
William J Riley, Terri Konstenius McCullough, Ahmad Masoud Rhamani, Jeffrey McCullough
BACKGROUND: The blood supply system in Afghanistan was badly damaged by years of conflict. In 2009, the Afghanistan National Blood Safety and Transfusion Service (ANBSTS) was established. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: For 6 years, we collaborated to assist with policy and infrastructure development; blood bank operations; blood collection, testing, and component production; transfusion practices; and training of technicians, nurses, midwives, and physicians. RESULTS: Policies were established, infrastructure was strengthened, and capable staff was acquired and trained...
June 5, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585137/risk-factors-of-perioperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-radical-retropubic-prostatectomy-a-ten-year-experience
#15
Xiao-Jun Liu, Liang Liu, Kun Chang, Ding-Wei Ye, Yong-Fa Zheng, Xu-Dong Yao
Radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) has been one of the most effective treatments for prostate cancer. This study is designed to identify the related predictive risk factors for complications in patients following RRP. Between 2000 and 2012 in Department of Urology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 421 cases undergoing RRP for localized prostate cancer by one surgeon were included in this retrospective analysis. We reviewed various risk factors that were correlated with perioperative complications, including patient characteristics [age, body mass index (BMI), co-morbidities], clinical findings (preoperative PSA level, Gleason score, clinical stage, pathological grade), and surgeon's own clinical practice...
June 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583897/laparoscopic-versus-open-liver-resection-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-with-propensity-score-based-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Xue-Liang Zhang, Rui-Feng Liu, Dan Zhang, Yu-Sheng Zhang, Tao Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis collected studies with propensity score matching analysis (PSM) and focused on comparing the short-term and oncological outcomes of patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) who underwent laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) versus open liver resection (OLR), to provide relatively high-level evidence of the additional value of LLR in treating patients with CRLM in comparison with OLR. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580745/red-cell-transfusion-thresholds-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-clinician-survey-to-inform-future-clinical-trials
#17
Allison Mo, Zoe K McQuilten, Erica M Wood, Robert Weinkove
Optimal red cell transfusion thresholds in myelodysplastic syndrome are not established. In this survey of 110 Australasian haematologists' practice in myelodysplastic syndrome-related anaemia, 92% of respondents set transfusion thresholds, and would typically transfuse at a haemoglobin <80 g/L aiming for a post-transfusion haemoglobin 90-100 g/L, reflecting a restrictive transfusion strategy. Higher thresholds were typically used for patients with cardiovascular disease or anaemia symptoms. These results will inform the design of clinical trials comparing transfusion thresholds...
June 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579446/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-blood-transfusion-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-analysis-of-a-statewide-database
#18
James Slover, Jessica A Lavery, Ran Schwarzkopf, Richard Iorio, Joseph Bosco, Heather T Gold
BACKGROUND: Significant attempts have been made to adopt practices to minimize blood transfusion after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) because of transfusion cost and potential negative clinical consequences including allergic reactions, transfusion-related lung injuries, and immunomodulatory effects. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for blood transfusion in a large cohort of TJA patients. METHODS: We used the all-payer California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data from 2006 to 2011 to examine the trends in utilization of blood transfusion among arthroplasty patients (n = 320,746)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579292/current-practice-of-thoracic-outlet-decompression-surgery-in-the-united-states
#19
Elena K Rinehardt, John E Scarborough, Kyla M Bennett
BACKGROUND: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and its management are relatively controversial topics. Most of the literature reporting the outcomes of surgical decompression for TOS derives from single-center experiences. The objective of our study was to describe the current state of TOS surgery among hospitals that participate in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of patients from the 2005 to 2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who underwent first or cervical rib resection as their index procedure and whose constellation of diagnosis and procedure codes identified them as having neurogenic, arterial, or venous TOS...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577683/use-of-prasugrel-vs-clopidogrel-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-contemporary-clinical-practice-results-from-the-prometheus-study
#20
Usman Baber, Samantha Sartori, Melissa Aquino, Annapoorna Kini, Samir Kapadia, Sandra Weiss, Craig Strauss, J Brent Muhlestein, Catalin Toma, Sunil V Rao, Anthony DeFranco, Kanhaiya L Poddar, Jaya Chandrasekhar, William Weintraub, Timothy D Henry, Sameer Bansilal, Brian A Baker, Elizabeth Marrett, Stuart Keller, Mark Effron, Stuart Pocock, Roxana Mehran
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the frequency of use and association between prasugrel and outcomes in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in clinical practice. METHODS: PROMETHEUS was a multicenter observational registry of acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing PCI from 8 centers in the United States that maintained a prospective PCI registry for patient outcomes. The primary end points were major adverse cardiovascular events at 90days, a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or unplanned revascularization...
June 2017: American Heart Journal
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