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Blood bank regulations

Madeleine Arseneault, Jean Monlong, Naveen S Vasudev, Ruhina S Laskar, Maryam Safisamghabadi, Patricia Harnden, Lars Egevad, Nazanin Nourbehesht, Pudchalaluck Panichnantakul, Ivana Holcatova, Antonin Brisuda, Vladimir Janout, Helena Kollarova, Lenka Foretova, Marie Navratilova, Dana Mates, Viorel Jinga, David Zaridze, Anush Mukeria, Pouria Jandaghi, Paul Brennan, Alvis Brazma, Jorg Tost, Ghislaine Scelo, Rosamonde E Banks, Mark Lathrop, Guillaume Bourque, Yasser Riazalhosseini
Recent genomic studies of sporadic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have uncovered novel driver genes and pathways. Given the unequal incidence rates among men and women (male:female incidence ratio approaches 2:1), we compared the genome-wide distribution of the chromosomal abnormalities in both sexes. We observed a higher frequency for the somatic recurrent chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) of autosomes in male subjects, whereas somatic loss of chromosome X was detected exclusively in female patients (17...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Angelo D'Alessandro, Alan D Gray, Zbignew M Sczcepiorkowski, Kirk Hansen, Louise H Herschel, Larry J Dumont
BACKGROUND: Storage of red blood cells (RBCs) under blood bank conditions promotes metabolic modulation within the RBC. This "metabolic storage lesion" may affect the quality and safety of the transfused RBCs. The aim of this study is to determine the metabolic changes in stored RBCs over 42 days of routine storage followed by a US Food and Drug Administration-approved method of rejuvenation, freezing, and preparation for transfusion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We exploited a mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approach to monitor 42-day-stored citrate phosphate dextrose/AS-1 RBCs (n = 29) that were rejuvenated, glycerolized and frozen, then thawed and deglycerolized, and held for 24 hours at 1 to 6ºC in saline-glucose...
March 10, 2017: Transfusion
Giona Sonego, Mélanie Abonnenc, Jean-Daniel Tissot, Michel Prudent, Niels Lion
Blood banks use pathogen inactivation (PI) technologies to increase the safety of platelet concentrates (PCs). The characteristics of PI-treated PCs slightly differ from those of untreated PCs, but the underlying reasons are not well understood. One possible cause is the generation of oxidative stress during the PI process. This is of great interest since reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as second messengers in platelet functions. Furthermore, there are links between protein oxidation and phosphorylation, another mechanism that is critical for cell regulation...
February 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Gary N Y Chan, Rebecca A Evans, David B Banks, Emily V Mesev, David S Miller, Ronald E Cannon
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) residing at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) are major obstacles for drug delivery to the Central Nervous System (CNS). Disease-induced changes of these xenobiotic transporters at the CNS barriers have been previously documented. Changes in the functional expression of these transporters at the CNS barriers would limit the clinical efficacy of therapeutic agents targeting the CNS...
February 3, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Sebastián Blanco, Marcos César Balangero, Mildre Cledy Valle, Oscar Luis Montini, Luis Horacio Carrizo, Sandra Verónica Gallego
BACKGROUND: Results from 10-year experience using nucleic acid test (NAT) screening in a blood bank of Córdoba are presented, showing the first data on prevalence of recent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections and occult HBV infections (OBIs) in Argentina. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Molecular screening was performed by COBAS AmpliScreen human immunodeficiency virus Type 1 (HIV-1) test Version 1.5 and COBAS AmpliScreen hepatitis C virus (HCV) test Version 2.0 and COBAS TaqScreen MPX and MPX Version 2...
December 4, 2016: Transfusion
David H McKenna, Darin Sumstad, Diane M Kadidlo, Bjorn Batdorf, Colin J Lord, Sarah C Merkel, Christine M Koellner, Julie M Curtsinger, Carl H June, James L Riley, Bruce L Levine, Jeffrey S Miller, Claudio G Brunstein, John E Wagner, Bruce R Blazar, Keli L Hippen
BACKGROUND AIMS: Thymic-derived regulatory T cells (tTreg) are critical regulators of the immune system. Adoptive tTreg transfer is a curative therapy for murine models of autoimmunity, graft rejection, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We previously completed a "first-in-human" clinical trial using in vitro expanded umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived tTreg to prevent GVHD in patients undergoing UCB hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). tTreg were safe and demonstrated clinical efficacy, but low yield prevented further dose escalation...
February 2017: Cytotherapy
Caroline Sut, Hind Hamzeh-Cognasse, Sandrine Laradi, Vincent Bost, Christine Aubrège, Sophie Acquart, Martine Vignal, Nadia Boutahar, Charles Antoine Arthaud, Marie Ange Eyraud, Bruno Pozzetto, Pierre Tiberghien, Olivier Garraud, Fabrice Cognasse
BACKGROUND: Red blood cells (RBCs) contain large amounts of iron, and periodic therapeutic phlebotomy is thus the main treatment for hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). However, the donation of therapeutic phlebotomy products from asymptomatic patients for transfusion purposes remains controversial. In this study, we compared the quality of RBCs obtained from HH patients with those of non-HH RBCs, within the allowed 42-day storage period. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: RBCs were obtained from HH patient donors and random regular blood donors by whole blood collection...
January 2017: Transfusion
Arjun Saha, Susan Buntz, Paula Scotland, Li Xu, Pamela Noeldner, Sachit Patel, Amy Wollish, Aruni Gunaratne, Tracy Gentry, Jesse Troy, Glenn K Matsushima, Joanne Kurtzberg, Andrew E Balber
Microglia and monocytes play important roles in regulating brain remyelination. We developed DUOC-01, a cell therapy product intended for treatment of demyelinating diseases, from banked human umbilical cord blood (CB) mononuclear cells. Immunodepletion and selection studies demonstrated that DUOC-01 cells are derived from CB CD14(+) monocytes. We compared the ability of freshly isolated CB CD14(+) monocytes and DUOC-01 cells to accelerate remyelination of the brains of NOD/SCID/IL2Rγ(null) mice following cuprizone feeding-mediated demyelination...
August 18, 2016: JCI Insight
Chih-Chun Chang, Chin-Chuan Yeh, Fang-Yeh Chu
The Formosa Fun Coast explosion, occurring in a recreational water park located in the Northern Taiwan on 27 June 2015, made 499 people burn-injured. For those who had severe burn trauma, surgical intervention and fluid resuscitation were necessary, and potential blood transfusion therapy could be initiated, especially during and after broad escharotomy. Here, we reviewed the literature regarding transfusion medicine and skin grafting as well as described the practicing experience of combined tissue and blood bank in the burn disaster in Taiwan...
October 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Carmenza Macía, Sandra Vargas, Ana María Mora, Ashly Melissa Sarmiento, Robinson Pacheco, Fernando Rosso
INTRODUCTION: Human lymphotropic virus (HTLV I/II) is a retrovirus that is prevalent across the Colombian Pacific coast, and is potentially transmissible by transfusion. Blood bank screening has been regulated since 2004, in order to reduce transmission of HTLV I/II through donation. Information on the seroprevalence of the virus in southwestern Colombia is limited.  OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence and the behavior of reactivity to HTLV I/II before and after the introduction of Western blot, and the comorbidity of HTLV and other infectious markers in donors from a blood bank in Cali, Colombia...
February 11, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Fassil Shiferaw, Meketew Letebo, Abate Bane
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B and C are silent killers not yet recognized as major public health challenges in many developing countries with huge disease burden. In Ethiopia, Hepatitis B is endemic with an average prevalence of 10.8 %, and the prevalence of Hepatitis C is 2 %. The prevalence of both infections, however, is likely to be underreported due to the lack of diagnostic facilities and appropriate surveillance systems. Ethiopia is also among the many Sub-Sahara African countries lacking a coordinated and systematic national response to chronic viral hepatitis...
August 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
Amanda E Au, Emma C Josefsson
Extracellular proteolysis of platelet plasma membrane proteins is an event that ensues platelet activation. Shedding of surface receptors such as glycoprotein (GP) Ibα, GPV and GPVI as well as externalized proteins P-selectin and CD40L releases soluble ectodomain fragments that are subsequently detectable in plasma. This results in the irreversible functional downregulation of platelet receptor-mediated adhesive interactions and the generation of biologically active fragments. In this review, we describe molecular insights into the regulation of platelet receptor and ligand shedding in health and disease...
August 5, 2016: Platelets
Julie A Reisz, Matthew J Wither, Monika Dzieciatkowska, Travis Nemkov, Aaron Issaian, Tatsuro Yoshida, Andrew J Dunham, Ryan C Hill, Kirk C Hansen, Angelo D'Alessandro
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) plays a key regulatory function in glucose oxidation by mediating fluxes through glycolysis or the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) in an oxidative stress-dependent fashion. Previous studies documented metabolic reprogramming in stored red blood cells (RBCs) and oxidation of GAPDH at functional residues upon exposure to pro-oxidants diamide and H2O2 Here we hypothesize that routine storage of erythrocyte concentrates promotes metabolic modulation of stored RBCs by targeting functional thiol residues of GAPDH...
September 22, 2016: Blood
Allane Madanamoothoo
Becoming parents is one of the greatest wishes of a lot of couples. When their dreams come true, prior to the birth of the child, parents have to face several points: the choice of the name, place of delivery, breast or bottle feeding, etc. Recently, they have to face the issues of cord blood stem cells. Researchers and cord blood banks are also interested in those cells. In many countries a lot of advertising is made around umbilical cord blood stem cells. In France as in England, the use and preservation of cord blood are regulated by the legislators without necessarily having the same approach...
July 2015: Journal International de Bioéthique, International Journal of Bioethics
Yogesh Jain, Raman Kataria
Rural physicians have been practising the technique of emergency bleeding and transfusion called Unbanked Directed (to a specific recipient) Blood Transfusion (UDBT), which has been declared illegal, to meet the need for blood in rural and inaccessible areas. As a result, a crisis has emerged in the availability of blood. Is UDBT a second rate technology for the poor and the disadvantaged? And should we not rather advocate for rapid scaling up of the establishment of blood banks in all areas? We examine the ethical issues related to blood availability in the rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Minoko Takanashi
Marrow donor registration and cord blood banking are essential components of the infrastructure required for unrelated haemopoietic stem cell transplantations. We now have a new law to support and regulate the Marrow Donor Coordination Agency, Cord Blood Banks and the Haematopoietic Stem Cell Provision Support Organization. We also need to have a specific goal for bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell donor registration, a minimum cord blood bank size, and the demographic data to back the medical needs for unrelated haemopoietic stem cell transplantations...
March 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Giel J C G M Bosman
Historically, study of erythrocyte homeostasis has focussed on the survival of erythrocytes in the blood bank and, especially in pathological circumstances, on the mechanisms leading to accelerated aging and removal from the circulation. Recent proteomic and metabolomic data suggest that erythrocyte metabolism involves more than ATP production and transport of oxygen and carbondioxide; is subject to regulation; and is likely to reflect organismal metabolism. Also, it has become clear that systemic diseases affect erythrocyte homeostasis...
August 2016: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
Gyulnar Baimukanova, Byron Miyazawa, Daniel R Potter, Marcus O Muench, Roberta Bruhn, Stuart L Gibb, Philip C Spinella, Andrew P Cap, Mitchell J Cohen, Shibani Pati
BACKGROUND: In current blood banking practices, platelets (PLTs) are stored in plasma at 22°C, with gentle agitation for up to 5 days. To date, the effects of storage and donor variability on PLT regulation of vascular integrity are not known. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, we examined the donor variability of leukoreduced fresh (Day 1) or stored (Day 5) PLTs on vascular endothelial barrier function in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, PLT effects on endothelial cell (EC) monolayer permeability were assessed by analyzing transendothelial electrical resistances (TEER)...
March 2016: Transfusion
Justine Swann, Jeff Murry, John A T Young
BACKGROUND: The cellular sulfonation pathway modulates key steps of virus replication. This pathway comprises two main families of sulfonate-conjugating enzymes: Golgi sulfotransferases, which sulfonate proteins, glycoproteins, glycolipids and proteoglycans; and cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs), which sulfonate various small molecules including hormones, neurotransmitters, and xenobiotics. Sulfonation controls the functions of numerous cellular factors such as those involved in cell-cell interactions, cell signaling, and small molecule detoxification...
February 24, 2016: Virology Journal
Noa Markovits, Anna Bendersky, Ronen Loebstein, Marina Brusel, Efrat Kessler, Ilan Bank
OBJECTIVES: γδ T cells of the Vγ9Vδ2 subtype secrete anti-fibrotic cytokines upon isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) stimulation. In this study, we sought to compare IPP and Zoledronate, an up-regulator of IPP, effects on proliferation and cytokine secretion of Vγ9+ T cells from systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and healthy controls (HCs). We also examined the effect of IPP-triggered peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) on fibroblast procolla- gen secretion. METHODS: PBMC from SSc patients and HCs were stimulated by increasing concentrations of Zoledronate, with or without IPP, and Vγ9+ T cell percentages were calculated using FACScan analysis...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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