keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Outcome of surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231647/outcome-of-acl-reconstruction-for-chronic-acl-injury-in-knees-without-the-posterior-horn-of-the-medial-meniscus-comparison-with-acl-reconstructed-knees-with-an-intact-medial-meniscus
#1
Kevin Syam, Devendra K Chouhan, Mandeep Singh Dhillon
Purpose: Cadaveric studies have shown that deficiency of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus (PHMM) increases strain on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft. However, its influence on the clinical and radiological outcome after ACL reconstruction is less discussed and hence evaluated in this study. Materials and Methods: This study included 77 cases of ACL reconstruction with a minimum 18-month follow-up. Of the 77 cases, 41 patients with intact menisci were compared clinically and radiologically with 36 patients with an injury to the PHMM that required various grades of meniscectomy...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231605/endonasal-versus-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#2
REVIEW
Lona Jawaheer, Caroline J MacEwen, Deepa Anijeet
BACKGROUND: A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedure aims to restore drainage of tears by bypassing a blockage in the nasolacrimal duct, through the creation of a bony ostium that allows communication between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. It can be performed using endonasal or external approaches. The comparative success rates of these two approaches have not yet been established and this review aims to evaluate the relevant up-to-date research. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review is to compare the success rates of endonasal DCR with that of external DCR...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231380/perioperative-medications-for-preventing-temporarily-increased-intraocular-pressure-after-laser-trabeculoplasty
#3
REVIEW
Linda Zhang, Jennifer S Weizer, David C Musch
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the international leading cause of irreversible blindness. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only currently known modifiable risk factor; it can be reduced by medications, incisional surgery, or laser trabeculoplasty (LTP). LTP reduces IOP by 25% to 30% from baseline, but early acute IOP elevation after LTP is a common adverse effect. Most of these IOP elevations are transient, but temporarily elevated IOP may cause further optic nerve damage, worsening of glaucoma requiring additional therapy, and permanent vision loss...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231375/predictors-of-adverse-events-after-neck-dissection-an-analysis-of-the-2006-2011-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-nsqip-database
#4
Umang Jain, Jessica Somerville, Sujata Saha, Jon P Ver Halen, Anuja K Antony, Sandeep Samant, John Y Kim
While neck dissection is an important primary and adjunctive procedure in the treatment of head and neck cancer, there is a paucity of studies evaluating outcomes. A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was performed to identify factors associated with adverse events (AEs) in patients undergoing neck dissection. A total of 619 patients were identified, using CPT codes specific to neck dissection. Of the 619 patients undergoing neck dissection, 142 (22.9%) experienced an AE within 30 days of the surgical procedure...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231372/radiofrequency-turbinate-volume-reduction-vs-radiofrequency-assisted-turbinectomy-for-nasal-obstruction-caused-by-inferior-turbinate-hypertrophy
#5
Saumitra Kumar, Trivender Singh Anand, Indranil Pal
Radiofrequency procedures are a well-accepted treatment for nasal obstruction. We conducted a randomized, noncontrolled study to compare the effectiveness of submucosal bipolar radiofrequency turbinate volume reduction (RFTVR) and bipolar radiofrequency-assisted turbinectomy (RFaT) in patients presenting with nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate hypertrophy. A total of 30 patients-15 males and 15 females, aged 15 to 60 years (mean: 32)-were randomly divided into one of the two homogeneous treatment groups...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231369/estimation-of-partitioning-of-airflow-in-septal-surgery-a-prospective-study-with-reference-to-the-nose-scale
#6
Indranil Sen, Mainak Dutta, Dibakar Haldar, Ramanuj Sinha
Improper patient selection for septal surgery often has been found to result in therapeutic failure, and there needs to be an objective assessment of nasal obstruction before the surgery and for postoperative follow-up that can be applied in the routine otolaryngology practice. The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of a cost-effective device for objective measurement of the nasal airway partitioning in selecting patients for septal surgery and for postoperative outcome evaluation. A hospital-based, prospective, observational study was carried out in a tertiary-care teaching institution involving 74 patients waiting for septal surgery...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231072/total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-resolves-pain-in-young-children-with-severe-chronic-pancreatitis
#7
Melena D Bellin, Gregory P Forlenza, Kaustav Majumder, Megan Berger, Martin L Freeman, Gregory J Beilman, Ty B Dunn, Timothy L Pruett, Michael Murati, Joshua J Wilhelm, Marie Cook, David E R Sutherland, Sarah J Schwarzenberg, Srinath Chinnakotla
OBJECTIVES: Fear of diabetes and major surgery may prohibit referral of young children severely affected by pancreatitis for total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplant (TPIAT). We evaluated outcomes in our youngest TPIAT recipients, 3 to 8 years of age at surgery. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 17 children (9 girls) ages 8 years or younger undergoing TPIAT from 2000 to 2014. Most (14/17) had genetic risk factors for pancreatitis. Since 2006, TPIAT recipients were followed prospectively with health questionnaires including assessments of pain and narcotic use, and scheduled hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and mixed-meal tolerance tests (6 mL/kg Boost HP) before surgery, and at regular intervals after...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230773/programmed-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-tumor-expression-is-associated-with-a-better-prognosis-and-diabetic-disease-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Gerardo Botti, Francesca Collina, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Federica Rao, Valentina Peluso, Rossella De Cecio, Michela Piezzo, Gabriella Landi, Michelino De Laurentiis, Monica Cantile, Maurizio Di Bonito
Triple Negative Breast Cancers (TNBC) subtype is an aggressive disease with poor clinical outcome. The only treatment available is surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a trans-membrane protein expressed on a wide variety of cells including immune cells, epithelial and vascular endothelial cells. Recently, PD-1/PD-L1 pathway signaling was described as an adaptive immune resistance mechanism enacted by the tumor cells to evade the immune response. Its presence on tumor cell membranes, acquired for this reason, through time, is an important prognostic value...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230663/mastery-in-bariatric-surgery-the-long-term-surgeon-learning-curve-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#9
Aristithes G Doumouras, Fady Saleh, Sama Anvari, Scott Gmora, Mehran Anvari, Dennis Hong
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of cumulative volume on all-cause morbidity and operative time. BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass is an important public health procedure, but it is difficult to master with little data about how surgeon cumulative volume affects outcomes longitudinally. METHODS: This was a longitudinal study of 29 surgeons during the first 6 years of performing bariatric surgery in a high-volume, regionalized center of excellence system...
February 22, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230629/point-of-injury-tourniquet-application-during-operation-protective-edge-what-de-we-learn
#10
Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Erez N Baruch, Avi Shina, Alexandra Satanovsky, Amiram Shovali, Ofer Almog, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Timely tourniquet application to massively bleeding extremity wounds is critical for casualty survival albeit with reported adverse effects to extremity integrity. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and short term outcomes of point of injury (POI) tourniquet applications during 'Operation Protective Edge' (OPE). METHODS: A case series study regarding tourniquet application at the POI during OPE was collected...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230605/microscopic-transnasal-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pediatric-pituitary-adenomas
#11
Wei Jiao, Yimin Huang, Wei Sun, Ting Lei
Microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal surgery (MTTS) has been a time-confirmed effective treatment for pituitary adenomas; however, the data supporting its use in pediatric patients is limited. In this study, the authors summarize the authors' 5-year experience of pituitary adenomectomy via MTTS in a pediatric population. The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 35 patients aged ≤18 years who underwent microscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas between January 2011 and December 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230585/decompressive-craniectomy-with-bifrontal-coronal-incision-in-the-management-of-fronto-temporal-contusion-and-laceration-for-early-cranioplasty
#12
Zhong Wang, Ning Su, Ri-Le Wu, Yi-Song Zhang, Xiao-Jun Zhang, Jian-Jun Qi, Wei-Ping Zhao, Zhong Zhang, Jun-Qing Wang
The present study aims to explore the effectiveness of decompressive craniectomy with bifrontal coronal incision in the management of severe contusion and laceration of bilateral fronto-temporal lobes, as well as the outcomes of early cranioplasty. The authors performed the bifrontal decompressive craniectomy on 56 patients with contusion and laceration of bilateral frontal and temporal lobes, and their follow-up treatment outcomes were tracked within 6 months using Glasgow Outcome Scale. The results showed that 33 patients (out of 56, 58...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230324/effects-of-short-term-energy-restriction-on-liver-lipid-content-and-inflammatory-status-in-severely-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-using-two-dietary-approaches
#13
Emma L Baldry, Guruprasad P Aithal, Philip Kaye, Iskandar R Idris, Andrew Bennett, Paul C Leeder, Ian A Macdonald
Short-term very low energy diets (VLED) are used in clinical practice prior to bariatric surgery, however, regimens vary and outcomes for a short intervention are unclear. We examined the effect of two VLEDs; a food-based diet (FD) and meal replacement plan (MRP) (LighterLife) over two weeks in a randomised controlled trial (RCT). We collected clinical and anthropometric data, fasting blood samples, and dietary evaluation questionnaires. Surgeons took liver biopsies and made a visual assessment of the liver...
February 23, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230017/comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-for-mid-low-rectal-cancer-with-total-mesorectal-excision-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#14
Weiping Chen, Qiken Li, Pengnian Qiu, Lai Jiang, Zhixuan Fu, Yongtian Fan, Dechuan Li, Peng Liu, Lilong Tang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for mid-low rectal cancer following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 172 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic (n = 75) or conventional open (n = 97) surgery with TME following nCRT from June 2009 to October 2015. Perioperative outcomes and related clinical variables were collected and statistically analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230012/safety-and-feasibility-within-24-h-of-discharge-in-patents-with-inoperable-malignant-lung-nodules-after-percutaneous-microwave-ablation
#15
Bin Li, Zhiwei Wang, Kang Zhou, Qinzong Gao, Xiaoguang Li
CONTEXT: Minimally invasive interventional therapy is now the more effective treatment strategy for organ-confined malignancy in patients who are poor candidates for surgery. Microwave ablation (MWA) in lung malignancy has been receiving much attention as an effective minimally invasive approach. AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility within 24 h of discharge of patients treated with percutaneous MWA for inoperable malignant lung nodules, and elucidate the factors predisposing to hospital readmission...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229836/-fibrinolytics-in-the-treatment-of-complicated-pleural-effusions
#16
Ana Coelho, Margarida Coelho, Joana Pereira, Vasco Lavrador, Lurdes Morais, Fátima Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of complicated pleural parapneumonic effusions with intrapleural instillation of fibrinolytics, has shown similar results as surgical treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate the results of the use of intrapleural instillation of fibrinolytics in the treatment of complicated pleural parapneumonic effusions, in patients followed in our hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all the patients (aged between one month and 18 years) diagnosed with complicated parapneumonic effusions, which had chest drain insertion with intrapleural instillation of fibrinolytic, between January 2005 and December 2013, was undertaken...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229630/elevated-basal-cytosolic-calcium-of-endothelial-cells-influences-the-post-surgical-outcome-in-diabetic-cts
#17
I M Bin-Jaliah, Mea Shariff, P S Nayar, H C Chandramoorthy
Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced neuropathy and ischemia-reperfusion post-surgery prolong carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) pathology, but the effect of T2DM on the prognostic outcome of carpal tunnel (CT) release surgery needs to be investigated. Materials and methods A total of 64 individuals with CTS underwent CT release surgery. HbA1c levels identified their diabetic status. The individual prognostic outcomes were measured by nerve conduction velocity (NCV), amplitude, and latency. Measurement of [Ca(2+)]c and reactive oxygen species (ROS) from isolated endothelial cells (ECs) revealed the oxidative burden of the normal and diabetic CTS phenotypes...
December 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229552/h-pylori-as-a-predictor-of-marginal-ulceration-a-nationwide-analysis
#18
Allison R Schulman, Marwan S Abougergi, Christopher C Thompson
OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori has been implicated as a risk factor for development of marginal ulceration following gastric bypass, although studies have been small and yielded conflicting results. This study sought to determine the relationship between H. pylori infection and development of marginal ulceration following bariatric surgery in a nationwide analysis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229371/overall-survival-and-metastasis-resections-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-using-electronic-medical-records
#19
Eetu Heervä, Maija Lavonius, Panu Jaakkola, Heikki Minn, Raija Ristamäki
PURPOSE: Treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer is chemotherapy commonly combined with monoclonal antibodies against vascular endothelial growth factor (bevacizumab) or epidermal growth factor receptor (cetuximab or panitumumab), the efficacy of which has been proven in randomized controlled trials. The objective of the current retrospective study was to analyze the impact of targeted therapy, adverse events, and dose reduction on overall survival (OS) and metastasis resection rates...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229301/safety-and-efficacy-of-postoperative-pharmacologic-thromboprophylaxis-with-enoxaparin-after-pancreatic-surgery
#20
Hajime Imamura, Tomohiko Adachi, Amane Kitasato, Takayuki Tanaka, Akihiko Soyama, Masaaki Hidaka, Fumihiko Fujita, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Tamotsu Kuroki, Susumu Eguchi
PURPOSE: Pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis is recommended for preventing pulmonary embolism according to some abdominal surgery guidelines. However, few reports have so far described pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis after pancreatic surgery. In addition, concern remains regarding postoperative bleeding due to pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. We investigated the safety and efficacy of enoxaparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, as postoperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis after pancreatic surgery...
February 22, 2017: Surgery Today
keyword
keyword
117754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"