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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823074/single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-switch-sadis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-and-safety
#1
Saeed Shoar, Lauren Poliakin, Rebecca Rubenstein, Alan A Saber
BACKGROUND: Owing to the possibility of weight regain after the long-term follow-up of gastric bypass patients and because of the high morbidity of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal switch (SADIS) has emerged as a rescue procedure in bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature data on SADIS. SETTING: University Hospital, NY. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through October 2016 to identify English studies on SADIS performed in human subjects...
August 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823022/long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#2
REVIEW
A Biggin, C F Munns
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic bone disorder resulting in bone fragility. It has a heterogeneous phenotype which typically includes reduced bone mass, multiple fractures, deformity, and chronic disability. Bisphosphonate treatment remains the first-line medical management, but there is still debate on aspects of its effectiveness. This review summarizes current knowledge about long-term bisphosphonate use in OI with recommendations on clinical application...
August 19, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822893/on-top-and-side-to-side-plasties-for-thumb-polydactyly
#3
Noha M Al-Qattan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan
INTRODUCTION: "On-top" and "side-to-side" plasties are techniques used for treating thumb duplications in which one thumb is adequate proximally and the other thumb contains a better pulp and nail distally. The detailed functional results of these techniques have not been reported in the literature. We report on two cases. PRESENTATION OF CASES: The first case had Wassel type VI duplication. The ulnar duplicate had a functioning interphalangeal joint and the radial duplicate had a functioning carpometacarpal joint...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822872/different-mossy-fiber-sprouting-patterns-in-ilae-hippocampal-sclerosis-types
#4
Barbara Schmeiser, Jinmei Li, Armin Brandt, Josef Zentner, Soroush Doostkam, Thomas M Freiman
OBJECTIVE: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most prevalent pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1-4. In addition, migration of granule cells and reorganization of their axons is observed, known as granule cell dispersion (GCD) and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS). The loss of mossy fibers` (MF) target cells in CA4 and CA3 was considered to be causative for MFS. The ILAE HS (International League Against Epilepsy) classification identifies three subtypes with different cell loss patterns in CA1-4...
August 8, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822847/intestinal-adaptations-following-bariatric-surgery-towards-the-identification-of-new-pharmacological-targets-for-obesity-related-metabolic-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Jean-Baptiste Cavin, Maude Le Gall
Although the gastrointestinal tract is the primary target of bariatric surgery, its contributions to the metabolic changes observed after surgery are still underestimated. Changes in the number of incretin-producing cells could result in the modified hormonal response seen after surgery. Additionally, the rate of absorption and consumption of glucose could contribute to the ameliorated glycaemia. Moreover, decreased intestinal permeability could prevent endotoxemia. Recently, numerous studies have focused on intestinal adaptation following bariatric surgeries...
August 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822826/depression-is-associated-with-the-long-term-outcome-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-surgery-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#6
Iina Tuomainen, Maarit Pakarinen, Timo Aalto, Sanna Sinikallio, Heikki Kröger, Heimo Viinamäki, Olavi Airaksinen
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Depression is associated with greater postoperative disability in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) patients. No previous studies have reported the association in a 10-year follow-up. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between preoperative and postoperative depressive symptoms and the surgical outcome among LSS patients in a 10-year follow-up. In addition, we examined the effects of the depressive burden on the surgical outcome. DESIGN: A prospective observational follow-up study...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822825/comparison-of-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-outcomes-in-patients-receiving-rhbmp-2-versus-autograft
#7
Taleef R Khan, Kalin R Pearce, Steven J McAnany, Colleen M Peters, Munish C Gupta, Lukas P Zebala
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) plays a pivotal role in complex spine surgery. Despite its limited approval, the off-label use of rhBMP-2 is prevalent, particularly in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions (TLIF) PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness and safety of rhBMP-2 use in TLIF procedures versus autograft. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients older than 18 years undergoing spine surgery for lumbar degenerative spine disease at a single academic institution...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822820/utility-of-3d-reconstruction-of-2d-liver-computed-tomography-magnetic-resonance-images-as-a-surgical-planning-tool-for-residents-in-liver-resection-surgery
#8
Caitlin T Yeo, Andrew MacDonald, Tamas Ungi, Andras Lasso, Diederick Jalink, Boris Zevin, Gabor Fichtinger, Sulaiman Nanji
OBJECTIVE: A fundamental aspect of surgical planning in liver resections is the identification of key vessel tributaries to preserve healthy liver tissue while fully resecting the tumor(s). Current surgical planning relies primarily on the surgeon's ability to mentally reconstruct 2D computed tomography/magnetic resonance (CT/MR) images into 3D and plan resection margins. This creates significant cognitive load, especially for trainees, as it relies on image interpretation, anatomical and surgical knowledge, experience, and spatial sense...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822677/dentoskeletal-parameters-related-to-visual-perception-of-facial-asymmetry-in-patients-with-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-after-orthognathic-surgery
#9
C-W Lin, Y-C Wang, Y-H Chen, E W-C Ko
The purpose of the study is to explore the critical parameters determining the visual perception of postoperative facial symmetry. This study retrospectively included 24 patients with skeletal class III malocclusion and double-jaw orthognathic surgery (OgS). The patients were classified according to the outcome of subjective visual perception scores (SVPS) based on the postoperative frontal images by 10 orthodontists: symmetrical surgical outcome (S group, n=12) and facial asymmetry after surgery (A group, n=12)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822671/surgical-ultrasound-guided-carpal-tunnel-release
#10
T Apard, G Candelier
Ultrasound-guided surgery is a new trend stemming from the introduction of high-frequency linear probes and better quality screens. Surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is increasingly being performed under ultrasound guidance. Knowledge of musculoskeletal ultrasonography is obviously mandatory. Several types of cutting instruments (miniature knife, Gigli saw or hook) and surgical approaches (wrist or palm) have been described. Ultrasonography allows the wide-awake and local anesthesia with no tourniquet (WALANT) technique to be used in the context of ambulatory patient care...
August 16, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822661/preoperative-anemia-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-after-infrainguinal-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia
#11
Thomas C F Bodewes, Alexander B Pothof, Jeremy D Darling, Sarah E Deery, Douglas W Jones, Peter A Soden, Frans L Moll, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative anemia in elderly patients undergoing surgery is prevalent and associated with adverse events; however, the interaction with other risk factors in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) is not well described. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between lower hematocrit (HCT) levels on admission and postoperative outcomes after infrainguinal bypass surgery. METHODS: Patients with CLTI undergoing nonemergent infrainguinal bypass were identified in the targeted vascular module of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP; 2011-2014)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822658/preoperative-anemia-is-associated-with-mortality-after-carotid-endarterectomy-in-symptomatic-patients
#12
Alexander B Pothof, Thomas C F Bodewes, Thomas F X O'Donnell, Sarah E Deery, Katie Shean, Peter A Soden, Gert J de Borst, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative anemia and blood transfusions are associated with worse outcomes after surgery. However, the impact of preoperative anemia and transfusions on outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is unknown. METHODS: CEA patients from 2011 to 2015 in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Targeted Vascular module were compared by the presence of preoperative anemia (hematocrit <36%) after stratification by symptom status...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822655/a-national-vascular-quality-initiative-database-comparison-of-hybrid-and-open-repair-for-aortoiliac-femoral-occlusive-disease
#13
Marco Zavatta, Matthew W Mell
OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze the outcomes of revascularization for aortoiliac-femoral occlusive disease by comparing hybrid repair by endovascular revascularization and open common femoral endarterectomy (ER-CFE) with open aortoiliac reconstruction and CFE (OR-CFE). METHODS: Using the national Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative database from 2009 to 2015, we identified all patients receiving open or endovascular revascularization of the aortoiliac system and who additionally underwent CFE...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822641/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-with-assessment-of-the-learning-curve-in-arthroscopically-assisted-latissimus-dorsi-tendon-transfer-for-irreparable-posterosuperior-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Kotaro Yamakado
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of an arthroscopy-assisted latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (aLD) for irreparable posterosuperior cuff tears as a primary surgery. The secondary aim of this study was to quantify the learning curve using the log-linear model. We hypothesized that aLD significantly improved shoulder function and that there was consistent reduction of the operative time in support of a learning-curve effect. METHODS: After the arthroscopic partial repair was completed, the latissimus dorsi tendon was harvested via axillary mini-open incision and fixed with a knotless anchor arthroscopically...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822640/comparison-of-outcomes-1%C3%A2-year-after-rotator-cuff-repair-with-and-without-concomitant-biceps-surgery
#15
Scott T Watson, Christopher B Robbins, Asheesh Bedi, James E Carpenter, Joel J Gagnier, Bruce S Miller
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of patients who undergo a long head of the biceps (LHB) procedure (tenotomy or tenodesis) concomitant with rotator cuff repair (RCR) to those of patients who undergo isolated RCR. METHODS: Prospectively collected data were retrospectively reviewed on 80 patients, >18 years old, who underwent repair of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear and with 1-year patient-reported outcome scores collected June 2012 to March 2015. The exclusion criteria were concomitant procedures other than LHB tenotomy, tenodesis, or subacromial decompression; prior shoulder surgery; or other shoulder pathology...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822637/porcine-dermis-patch-augmentation-of-supraspinatus-tendon-repairs-a-pilot-study-assessing-tendon-integrity-and-shoulder-function-2%C3%A2-years-after-arthroscopic-repair-in-patients-aged-60%C3%A2-years-or%C3%A2-older
#16
Matthias Flury, Dominik Rickenbacher, Christian Jung, Marco M Schneider, David Endell, Laurent Audigé
PURPOSE: To investigate the 2-year postoperative clinical and subjective outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) with xenologous porcine dermal patch augmentation compared with ARCR alone. METHODS: Patients aged 60 years or older with a complete supraspinatus (SSP) tendon tear underwent primary ARCR with a transosseous-equivalent technique. By use of a matched-pair comparative trial design, a consecutive series of 20 patients receiving additional xenologous porcine dermal patch augmentation (patch group) was matched by tear location with 20 patients who received ARCR only (control group)...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822633/arthroscopic-latarjet-procedure-with-anterior-capsular-reconstruction-clinical-outcome-and-radiologic-evaluation-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#17
Yi-Ming Zhu, Chunyan Jiang, Guanyang Song, Yi Lu, Fenglong Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure at a minimum of 2 years after surgery. METHODS: Patients who had traumatic unidirectional anterior shoulder instability and treated with a modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure were included. During surgery, the anterior capsule was preserved and repaired back to the glenoid after the coracoid transfer. The clinical results (range of motion, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons [ASES] score, Constant-Murley score, and Rowe score) and computed tomographic results were followed...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822627/do-anterior-catheterizable-urinary-channels-have-fewer-complications-than-posterior-channels-an-international-cohort-study
#18
K M Szymanski, P-J Lopez, J P Corbetta, F Reed, J Ruiz, Y Pullin, S Weller, R Zubieta, R C Rink, M P Cain
OBJECTIVE: Appendicovesicostomy (APV) and Monti ileovesicostomy (Monti) are durable catheterizable channels. While subfascial revision rates vary by channel type, a channel implanted in the anterior (vs posterior) aspect of the bladder may have a lower subfascial revision risk, due to decreased channel mobility and better fascial fixation. The present study aimed to compare long-term durability of anteriorly compared to posteriorly implanted APV and Monti channels in a large international cohort...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822586/intravenous-mannitol-versus-placebo-during-partial-nephrectomy-in-patients-with-normal-kidney-function-a-double-blind-clinically-integrated-randomized-trial
#19
Massimiliano Spaliviero, Nicholas E Power, Katie S Murray, Daniel D Sjoberg, Nicole E Benfante, Melanie L Bernstein, James Wren, Paul Russo, Jonathan A Coleman
BACKGROUND: Mannitol is currently used as a renal protective agent to mitigate the effects of renal ischemia during nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). This routine practice lacks rigorous methodological study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect on renal function outcomes after surgery of mannitol infusion prior to renal ischemia during NSS. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial included 199 patients with a preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >45ml/min/1...
August 16, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822555/influence-of-tumor-size-on-outcomes-following-pelvic-exenteration
#20
B Smith, E L Jones, M Kitano, A L Gleisner, N J Lyell, G Cheng, M D McCarter, S Abdel-Misih, F J Backes
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic exenteration (PE) is often the only curative option for locally advanced or recurrent pelvic malignancies. Despite radical surgery, recurrence risk and morbidity remain high. In this study, we sought to determine tumor size effect on perioperative outcomes and subsequent survival in patients undergoing PE. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for female patients who underwent PE at two comprehensive cancer centers from 2000 to 2015...
August 16, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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