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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#1
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#2
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186393/chronic-fatigue-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobile-type
#3
Alan Hakim, Inge De Wandele, Chris O'Callaghan, Alan Pocinki, Peter Rowe
Chronic fatigue is an important contributor to impaired health-related quality of life in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. There is overlap in the symptoms and findings of EDS and chronic fatigue syndrome. A proportion of those with CFS likely have EDS that has not been identified. The evaluation of chronic fatigue in EDS needs to include a careful clinical examination and laboratory testing to exclude common causes of fatigue including anemia, hypothyroidisim, and chronic infection, as well as dysfunction of major physiological or organ systems...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163508/study-of-sleep-disorders-and-polysomnographic-evaluation-among-primary-chronic-daily-headache-patients
#4
Rajesh Verma, Kamal Kumar Nagar, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Ravi Uniyal, Praveen Kumar Sharma, Sweta Pandey
OBJECTIVE: Studies related to sleep disorders and polysomnography (PSG) among chronic daily headache patients are rare. We studied this and compared chronic migraine (CM) with chronic tension-type headache. METHODS: Eighty-three patients were recruited. They were evaluated by semi-structured interview, headache, and sleep diaries along with Epworth Sleepiness Scale score and insomnia symptom score. Overnight PSG was performed and data compared. RESULTS: Chronic tension-type headache was more common than CM, both having female preponderance...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161702/the-course-and-impact-of-poststroke-insomnia-in-stroke-survivors-aged-18-to-65-years-results-from-the-psychosocial-outcomes-in-stroke-poise-study%C3%A2
#5
Nick Glozier, Tom J Moullaali, Børge Sivertsen, Dukyeon Kim, Gillian Mead, Stephen Jan, Qiang Li, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are common in the population and have negative psychosocial and functional sequelae. There are no prospective studies of the course of such symptoms and their impact, if any, in stroke survivors. This prospective cohort study investigated insomnia after stroke in working-age adults and evaluated its impact on psychological and functional outcomes over the subsequent year. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 441 young (<65 years) consecutive stroke survivors from 20 public hospitals in the New South Wales Stroke Service network...
February 3, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159703/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-in-stable-heart-failure-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Nancy S Redeker, Andrea K Knies, Christopher Hollenbeak, H Klar Yaggi, John Cline, Laura Andrews, Daniel Jacoby, Anna Sullivan, Meghan O'Connell, Joanne Iennaco, Lisa Finoia, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: Chronic insomnia is associated with disabling symptoms and decrements in functional performance. It may contribute to the development of heart failure (HF) and incident mortality. In our previous work, cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), compared to HF self-management education, provided as an attention control condition, was feasible, acceptable, and had large effects on insomnia and fatigue among HF patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the sustained effects of group CBT-I compared with HF self-management education (attention control) on insomnia severity, sleep characteristics, daytime symptoms, symptom clusters, functional performance, and health care utilization among patients with stable HF...
January 31, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159096/the-cost-of-insomnia-and-the-benefit-of-increased-access-to-evidence-based-treatment-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#7
REVIEW
Sarah A Reynolds, Matthew R Ebben
Insomnia is a highly prevalent, often chronic condition, which is left untreated or not treated according to recommended guidelines in most cases. This results in high health and financial burdens to society. The cost of untreated insomnia and the prevailing reliance on sedative-hypnotic use as a first-line treatment are evaluated in this article. The cost-benefit potential of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is also assessed.
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158166/abnormal-local-brain-activity-beyond-the-pain-matrix-in-postherpetic-neuralgia-patients-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#8
Song Cao, Ganjun Song, Yi Zhang, Peng Xie, Ye Tu, Ying Li, Tian Yu, Buwei Yu
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) patients suffer debilitating chronic pain, hyperalgesia, and allodynia, as well as emotional disorders such as insomnia, anxiety, and depression. The brain structure and functional basis of PHN are still not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: To identify the changes of regional brain activity in resting-state PHN patients using regional homogeneity (ReHo) and fractional aptitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) methods. Correlations between spontaneous pain intensity and ReHo or fALFF were analyzed...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153868/prospective-study-of-insomnia-and-incident-asthma-in-adults-the-hunt-study
#9
Ben Brumpton, Xiao-Mei Mai, Arnulf Langhammer, Lars Erik Laugsand, Imre Janszky, Linn Beate Strand
Insomnia is highly prevalent among asthmatics; however, few studies have investigated insomnia symptoms and asthma development. We aimed to investigate the association between insomnia and the risk of incident asthma in a population-based cohort.Among 17 927 participants free from asthma at baseline we calculated odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the risk of incident asthma among those with insomnia compared to those without. Participants reported sleep initiation problems, sleep maintenance problems and nonrestorative sleep...
February 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144616/steroid-induced-psychosis-after-eus-guided-celiac-plexus-blockade
#10
David C Olson, Jason J Lewis
A 46-year-old female with no previous personal or family psychiatric history underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided celiac plexus blockade (CPB) to treat pain related to cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator-associated chronic pancreatitis. She had excellent response to her first three CPBs using bupivacaine and triamcinolone. The patient's subsequent CPBs were complicated by symptoms of racing thoughts, delusional thinking, and insomnia. She was diagnosed with acute psychosis secondary to triamcinolone...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128982/social-support-insomnia-and-adherence-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-after-cancer-treatment
#11
Charles Kamen, Sheila N Garland, Charles E Heckler, Anita R Peoples, Ian R Kleckner, Calvin L Cole, Michael L Perlis, Gary R Morrow, Karen M Mustian, Joseph A Roscoe
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: While cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been shown to be efficacious in treating cancer survivors' insomnia, 30-60% of individuals have difficulty adhering to intervention components. Psychosocial predictors of adherence and response to CBT-I, such as social support, have not been examined in intervention studies for cancer survivors. PARTICIPANTS: Data from a randomized placebo-controlled 2 x 2 trial of CBT-I and armodafinil (a wakefulness promoting agent) were used to assess adherence...
January 27, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126668/insomnia-before-and-after-childbirth-the-risk-of-developing-postpartum-pain-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#12
Børge Sivertsen, Keith J Petrie, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Mari Hysing, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVE: To examine if insomnia before and after childbirth predicts the development of postpartum bodily pain. METHODS: This study is part of a longitudinal cohort study, the Akershus Birth Cohort Study, which targeted all women giving birth at Akershus University Hospital in Norway. The current sample is comprised of 1480 women who participated at all three time points, yielding a participation rate of 32% of the 4662 women who originally consented to participate...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124511/ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-and-sofosbuvir-plus-ribavirin-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-and-bleeding-disorders
#13
C E Walsh, K Workowski, N A Terrault, P E Sax, A Cohen, C L Bowlus, A Y Kim, R H Hyland, B Han, J Wang, L M Stamm, D M Brainard, J G McHutchison, A von Drygalski, F Rhame, M W Fried, P Kouides, G Balba, K R Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is prevalent among patients with inherited bleeding disorders and is a leading cause of mortality in those with haemophilia. AIM: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of ledipasvir-sofosbuvir and sofosbuvir plus ribavirin in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1-4 infection and an inherited bleeding disorder. METHODS: Ledipasvir-sofosbuvir was administered for 12 weeks to patients with genotype 1 or 4 infection and for 12 or 24 weeks to treatment-experienced cirrhotic patients with genotype 1 infection...
January 25, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123657/exploration-of-the-experience-of-living-with-chronic-insomnia-a-qualitative-study
#14
Leeba Rezaie, Habibola Khazaie, Farzaneh Yazdani
BACKGROUND: Chronic insomnia is associated with consequential experience that may affect quality of life. Understanding such experience can be helpful in planning effective interventions for patients with chronic insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to describe and illuminate the experience of living with chronic insomnia. METHOD: The study was conducted using a descriptive phenomenology approach. Participants were selected purposefully from patients with chronic insomnia who had been referred to the sleep disorders research center at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in Iran in 2014...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107900/quality-of-sleep-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-patients-on-hemodialysis
#15
Paraskevi G Liaveri, Dimitris Dikeos, Ioannis Ilias, Eirini P Lygkoni, Ioannis N Boletis, Chryssanthi Skalioti, Thomas Paparrigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease and they may not always subside after kidney transplantation. AIM AND METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-reported quality of sleep, insomnia problems in particular, and examine the factors that disturb sleep of kidney transplant recipients (KTx: n=152) in comparison to age- and sex-matched patients on dialysis (HD: n=67) and participants with normal renal function (NOR: n=49), through the administration of the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) at least six months after transplantation...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106813/transcriptome-profiling-of-the-lungs-reveals-molecular-clock-genes-expression-changes-after-chronic-exposure-to-ambient-air-particles
#16
Pengcheng Song, Zhigang Li, Xiaoqian Li, Lixin Yang, Lulu Zhang, Nannan Li, Chen Guo, Shuyu Lu, Yongjie Wei
The symptoms of asthma, breathlessness, insomnia, etc. all have relevance to pulmonary rhythmic disturbances. Epidemiology and toxicology studies have demonstrated that exposure to ambient air particles can result in pulmonary dysfunction. However, there are no data directly supporting a link between air pollution and circadian rhythm disorder. In the present study, we found that breathing highly polluted air resulted in changes of the molecular clock genes expression in lung by transcriptome profiling analyses in a rodent model...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095976/payer-perspective-of-the-american-academy-of-sleep-medicine-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-pharmacologic-treatment-of-chronic-insomnia
#17
Michael J Sateia, William C Sherrill, Carolyn Winter-Rosenberg, Jonathan L Heald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089238/ruxolitinib-for-symptom-control-in-patients-with-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-a-single-group-phase-2-trial
#18
Preetesh Jain, Michael Keating, Sarah Renner, Charles Cleeland, Huang Xuelin, Graciela Nogueras Gonzalez, David Harris, Ping Li, Zhiming Liu, Ivo Veletic, Uri Rozovski, Nitin Jain, Phillip Thompson, Prithviraj Bose, Courtney DiNardo, Alessandra Ferrajoli, Susan O'Brien, Jan Burger, William Wierda, Srdan Verstovsek, Hagop Kantarjian, Zeev Estrov
BACKGROUND: Disease-related symptoms impair the quality of life of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) who do not require systemic therapy. Available therapies are not specifically aimed at symptom control. Because stimulation of the B-cell receptor activates JAK2 in CLL cells and the JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib improves symptoms in patients with myelofibrosis, we postulated that ruxolitinib would improve disease-related symptoms in patients with CLL. We did a phase 2 trial of ruxolitinib to test this hypothesis...
February 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076650/chronotype-and-anxiety-are-associated-in-patients-with-chronic-primary-insomnia
#19
Giselle S Passos, Marcos G Santana, Dalva Poyares, Carolina V D'Aurea, Alexandre A Teixeira, Sergio Tufik, Marco T de Mello
Objective: To assess the interaction of chronotype with anxiety in patients with chronic primary insomnia. Methods: Sixty-four patients (50 women) with mean age 43.9±8.1 years were investigated with the Horne and Östberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Results: Significant negative correlations of chronotype-MEQ score with STAI state-anxiety (r = -0.40, p < 0.05), STAI trait-anxiety (r = -0...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075519/an-update-of-management-of-insomnia-in-patients-with-chronic-orofacial-pain
#20
REVIEW
Galit Almoznino, Yaron Haviv, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel
In this review we discuss the management of chronic orofacial pain (COFP) patients with insomnia. Diagnostic work-up and follow-up routines of COFP patients should include assessment of sleep problems. Management is based on a multidisciplinary approach, addressing the factors that modulate the pain experience as well as insomnia and including both non-pharmacological and pharmacological modalities. Parallel to treatment, patients should receive therapy for co-morbid medical and psychiatric disorders, and possible substance abuse that may be that may trigger or worsen the COFP and/or their insomnia...
January 11, 2017: Oral Diseases
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