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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549991/extinction-risks-forced-by-climatic-change-and-intraspecific-variation-in-the-thermal-physiology-of-a-tropical-lizard
#1
Emerson Pontes-da-Silva, William E Magnusson, Barry Sinervo, Gabriel H Caetano, Donald B Miles, Guarino R Colli, Luisa M Diele-Viegas, Jessica Fenker, Juan C Santos, Fernanda P Werneck
Temperature increases can impact biodiversity and predicting their effects is one of the main challenges facing global climate-change research. Ectotherms are sensitive to temperature change and, although predictions indicate that tropical species are highly vulnerable to global warming, they remain one of the least studied groups with respect to the extent of physiological variation and local extinction risks. We model the extinction risks for a tropical heliothermic teiid lizard (Kentropyx calcarata) integrating previously obtained information on intraspecific phylogeographic structure, eco-physiological traits and contemporary species distributions in the Amazon rainforest and its ecotone to the Cerrado savannah...
April 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483884/opioid-overdose-education-for-individuals-prescribed-opioids-for-pain-management-randomized-comparison-of-two-computer-based-interventions
#2
Andrew S Huhn, Albert Perez Garcia-Romeu, Kelly E Dunn
Background: Opioid overdose (OD) rates in the United States have reached unprecedented levels. Current OD prevention strategies largely consist of distribution of naloxone and in-person trainings, which face obstacles to expedient, widespread dissemination. Web-based interventions have increased opioid-OD response knowledge in patients with opioid-use disorders; however, these interventions have not been tested in the larger population of individuals that are prescribed opioid analgesics...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385563/phenotypic-and-genetic-structure-support-gene-flow-generating-gene-tree-discordances-in-an-amazonian-floodplain-endemic-species
#3
Gregory Thom, Fabio R Amaral, Michael J Hickerson, Alexandre Aleixo, Lucas E Araujo-Silva, Camila C Ribas, Erik Choueri, Cristina Y Miyaki
Before populations become independent evolutionary lineages, the effects of micro evolutionary processes tend to generate complex scenarios of diversification that may affect phylogenetic reconstruction. Not accounting for gene flow in species tree estimates can directly impact topology, effective population sizes and branch lengths and the resulting estimation errors are still poorly understood in wild populations. In this study we used an integrative approach, including sequence capture of Ultra Conserved Elements (UCEs), mtDNA Sanger sequencing and morphological data to investigate species limits and phylogenetic relationships in face of gene flow in an Amazonian endemic species (Myrmoborus lugubris: Aves)...
January 29, 2018: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295489/child-nutritional-status-in-the-changing-socioeconomic-region-of-the-northern-amazon-brazil
#4
REVIEW
Mônica P L Cunha, Rejane C Marques, José G Dórea
The living conditions (i.e., socioeconomic, healthcare-related, nutritional, and environmental) to which children are exposed may influence their ability to reach their optimal growth potential. This review focuses on the relationship between the nutritional status of children under five years of age and social and environmental factors in Northern Brazil. Children living in this region have limited access to healthcare and face precarious socioeconomic and environmental conditions. This analysis was based on data from national health surveys, the consolidated food, nutrition surveillance system (SISVAN), and indicators of the DPSEEA (driving force, pressure, state, exposures, health effects, and actions) framework...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259840/how-many-species-of-mammals-are-there-in-brazil-new-records-of-rare-rodents-rodentia-cricetidae-sigmodontinae-from-amazonia-raise-the-current-known-diversity
#5
Alexandre R Percequillo, Jeronymo Dalapicolla, Edson F Abreu-Júnior, Paulo Ricardo O Roth, Katia M P M B Ferraz, Elisandra A Chiquito
Background: Since 1996, when Vivo questioned how many species of mammals occur in Brazil, there has been a huge effort to assess this biodiversity. In this contribution, we present new records for rare species of the sigmodontine rodent genera Rhagomys and Neusticomys previously unknown to Brazilian Amazon. We provided detailed information on the morphologic variation to allow the proper identification of these species. We also furnished updated information on their collection, aiming to establish hypothesis of their geographic distribution, based on SDM's, aiming to hypothesize potential occurrence areas for these species...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245418/-i-inpauema-i-a-new-genus-of-odiniidae-diptera-from-brazil-with-description-of-five-new-species
#6
Francisco Limeira-DE-Oliveira, Dayse W A Marques, Geniana A Reis, José A Rafael
A new genus and five new species of odiniids (Odiniidae: Traginopinae) are described from the Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado biomes: Inpauema mirador gen. nov. et sp. nov. (type species), I. catarinae sp. nov., I. gaimarii sp. nov., I. raimundoluizi sp. nov., and I. xavieri sp. nov. The genus is being characterized by a unique combination of diagnostic characters: body predominantly dark brown to black, with silvery-gray pruinose spots on inner margin of eyes, longitudinally along middle of lunule and face, on notopleuron and mesopleuron; postcranium concave from dorsal view; one pair of stout proclinate ocellar setae; postocellar setae absent; lunule shorter than frons; gena lacking upturned seta; antennae separated by a maximum distance of 2X the diameter of a single antennal socket and gonocoxal apodemes directed upward, forming an arch...
December 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161522/development-of-a-measure-to-assess-parent-perceptions-of-barriers-to-child-weight-management
#7
Katherine E Darling, Amy F Sato, Manfred van Dulmen, Christopher Flessner, Geoffrey Putt
BACKGROUND: Families face many barriers related to creating or maintaining a healthy lifestyle, which likely contributes to the prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States; however, no measure currently exists to examine these barriers. This study developed a quantitative measure of parents' perceptions of barriers to family healthy lifestyle. METHODS: Parents of children between the ages of 7-17 were recruited using Amazon Mturk (n = 812). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and preliminary convergent validity analyses were conducted...
November 21, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125514/crowdsourcing-utility-estimation-for-spina-bifida-in-the-general-population
#8
Ruiyang Jiang, Brian M Inouye, Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Rohit Tejwani, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: Cost-utility analyses (CUA) are useful when the treatment conditions depend on patient preferences that are in turn dependent on health state utility value. Spina bifida (SB) is an example of such a preference-sensitive condition. Historically, the SB utility value for CUA has been gathered via a traditional face-to-face interview. However, due to funding and time constrains, utility estimation via online crowdsourcing has recently gained popularity. Our aim was to estimate the utility value for a generic SB health state using a validated online tool...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118633/checklist-of-the-freshwater-fishes-of-colombia-a-darwin-core-alternative-to-the-updating-problem
#9
Carlos DoNascimiento, Edgar Esteban Herrera-Collazos, Guido A Herrera-R, Armando Ortega-Lara, Francisco A Villa-Navarro, José Saulo Usma Oviedo, Javier A Maldonado-Ocampo
The present work is part of a process to create a Catalogue of the Freshwater Fishes of Colombia and consisted in the depuration and updating of the taxonomic and geographic components of the checklist of the freshwater fishes of Colombia. An exhaustive revision of the 1435 species recorded in 2008 was necessary to: 1. Add new species described since 2009 and species originally described from Colombia but inadvertently omitted in 2008; 2. Add new records of already described species; 3. Delete species whose presence in Colombia was not supported by voucher specimens in ichthyological collections; and 4...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068970/more-than-meets-the-eye-the-effect-of-intercanthal-distance-on-perception-of-beauty-and-personality
#10
Sanjay Naran, Ari M Wes, Daniel M Mazzaferro, Scott P Bartlett, Jesse A Taylor
In judging normalcy, surgeons rely on established facial anthropometric measures and proportions. However, there exists a range of "normal," and a degree of disproportion may be considered more attractive. The authors set out to determine how changes in only intercanthal distance affect the layperson's perception of beauty and personality traits of a face. The authors used Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a crowdsourcing tool, to determine how changes in intercanthal distance affect overall perception of beauty and personality...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986339/the-promise-and-pitfalls-of-using-crowdsourcing-in-research-prioritization-for-back-pain-cross-sectional-surveys
#11
Matthew A Bartek, Anjali R Truitt, Sierra Widmer-Rodriguez, Jordan Tuia, Zoya A Bauer, Bryan A Comstock, Todd C Edwards, Sarah O Lawrence, Sarah E Monsell, Donald L Patrick, Jeffrey G Jarvik, Danielle C Lavallee
BACKGROUND: The involvement of patients in research better aligns evidence generation to the gaps that patients themselves face when making decisions about health care. However, obtaining patients' perspectives is challenging. Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) has gained popularity over the past decade as a crowdsourcing platform to reach large numbers of individuals to perform tasks for a small reward for the respondent, at small cost to the investigator. The appropriateness of such crowdsourcing methods in medical research has yet to be clarified...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877310/consumer-preferences-product-characteristics-and-potentially-allergenic-ingredients-in-best-selling-moisturizers
#12
Shuai Xu, Michael Kwa, Mary E Lohman, Rachel Evers-Meltzer, Jonathan I Silverberg
Importance: Because moisturizer use is critical for the prevention and treatment of numerous dermatological conditions, patients frequently request product recommendations from dermatologists. Objective: To determine the product performance characteristics and ingredients of best-selling moisturizers. Design and Setting: This cohort study involved publicly available data of the top 100 best-selling whole-body moisturizing products at 3 major online retailers (Amazon, Target, and Walmart)...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858702/large-scale-projects-in-the-amazon-and-human-exposure-to-mercury-the-case-study-of-the-tucuru%C3%A3-dam
#13
Gabriela P F Arrifano, Rosa C Rodríguez Martín-Doimeadios, María Jiménez-Moreno, Vanesa Ramírez-Mateos, Núbia F S da Silva, José Rogério Souza-Monteiro, Marcus Augusto-Oliveira, Ricardo S O Paraense, Barbarella M Macchi, José Luiz M do Nascimento, Maria Elena Crespo-Lopez
The Tucuruí Dam is one of the largest dams ever built in the Amazon. The area is not highly influenced by gold mining as a source of mercury contamination. Still, we recently noted that one of the most consumed fishes (Cichla sp.) is possibly contaminated with methylmercury. Therefore, this work evaluated the mercury content in the human population living near the Tucuruí Dam. Strict exclusion/inclusion criteria were applied for the selection of participants avoiding those with altered hepatic and/or renal functions...
January 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804184/a-comparison-of-three-online-recruitment-strategies-for-engaging-parents
#14
Jodi Dworkin, Heather Hessel, Kate Gliske, Jessie H Rudi
Family scientists can face the challenge of effectively and efficiently recruiting normative samples of parents and families. Utilizing the Internet to recruit parents is a strategic way to find participants where they already are, enabling researchers to overcome many of the barriers to in-person recruitment. The present study was designed to compare three online recruitment strategies for recruiting parents: e-mail Listservs, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Analyses revealed differences in the effectiveness and efficiency of data collection...
October 2016: Family Relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792956/projected-climate-change-threatens-pollinators-and-crop-production-in-brazil
#15
Tereza Cristina Giannini, Wilian França Costa, Guaraci Duran Cordeiro, Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca, Antonio Mauro Saraiva, Jacobus Biesmeijer, Lucas Alejandro Garibaldi
Animal pollination can impact food security since many crops depend on pollinators to produce fruits and seeds. However, the effects of projected climate change on crop pollinators and therefore on crop production are still unclear, especially for wild pollinators and aggregate community responses. Using species distributional modeling, we assessed the effects of climate change on the geographic distribution of 95 pollinator species of 13 Brazilian crops, and we estimated their relative impacts on crop production...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677867/thwarted-belongingness-in-relation-to-face-to-face-and-online-interactions
#16
Fallon B Ringer, Michael D Anestis
Suicide is ranked as the tenth leading cause of death for all ages in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Joiner's (2005) interpersonal theory of suicide stated thwarted belongingness-the feeling of being alienated from others-and perceived burdensomeness-the feeling of being a liability to others-are the primary proximal factors leading to suicidal desire. The current study focused on thwarted belongingness and examined its relationship to face-to-face interactions and online interactions in both an undergraduate and community sample...
July 5, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654663/two-sides-of-a-coin-effects-of-climate-change-on-the-native-and-non-native-distribution-of-colossoma-macropomum-in-south-america
#17
Taise M Lopes, Dayani Bailly, Bia A Almeida, Natália C L Santos, Barbara C G Gimenez, Guilherme O Landgraf, Paulo C L Sales, Matheus S Lima-Ribeiro, Fernanda A S Cassemiro, Thiago F Rangel, José A F Diniz-Filho, Angelo A Agostinho, Luiz C Gomes
Climate change and species invasions interact in nature, disrupting biological communities. Based on this knowledge, we simultaneously assessed the effects of climate change on the native distribution of the Amazonian fish Colossoma macropomum as well as on its invasiveness across river basins of South America, using ecological niche modeling. We used six niche models within the ensemble forecast context to predict the geographical distribution of C. macropomum for the present time, 2050 and 2080. Given that this species has been continuously introduced into non-native South American basins by fish farming activities, we added the locations of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538812/climatically-mediated-landcover-change-impacts-on-brazilian-territory
#18
Marina Zanin, Geiziane Tessarolo, Nathália Machado, Ana Luisa M Albernaz
In the face of climate change threats, governments are drawing attention to policies for mitigating its effects on biodiversity. However, the lack of distribution data makes predictions at species level a difficult task, mainly in regions of higher biodiversity. To overcome this problem, we use native landcover as a surrogate biodiversity, because it can represent specialized habitat for species, and investigate the effects of future climate change on Brazilian biomes. We characterize the climatic niches of native landcover and use ecological niche modeling to predict the potential distribution under current and future climate scenarios...
April 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286082/behavioural-and-hormonal-effects-of-member-replacement-in-captive-groups-of-blue-fronted-amazon-parrots-amazona-aestiva
#19
Laerciana Silva de Souza Matos, Rupert Palme, Angélica Silva Vasconcellos
Social species in captivity may face allostatic overload due to artificial grouping and other social constraints. In rescue centres, groups of psittacines are constantly mixed due to the arrival and/or release of individuals; this procedure is potentially harmful to animal welfare. This study aimed at evaluating the possible impacts of mate replacement on the stress levels of captive blue-fronted amazon parrots (Amazona aestiva). During five weeks, we recorded agonistic interactions and dropping-glucocorticoid metabolites (GCM) concentrations of individuals allocated in a group whose members were kept constant and in a group subjected to frequent member replacement...
May 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241932/automated-discovery-of-safety-and-efficacy-concerns-for-joint-muscle-pain-relief-treatments-from-online-reviews
#20
David Z Adams, Richard Gruss, Alan S Abrahams
OBJECTIVES: Product issues can cost companies millions in lawsuits and have devastating effects on a firm's sales, image and goodwill, especially in the era of social media. The ability for a system to detect the presence of safety and efficacy (S&E) concerns early on could not only protect consumers from injuries due to safety hazards, but could also mitigate financial damage to the manufacturer. Prior studies in the field of automated defect discovery have found industry-specific techniques appropriate to the automotive, consumer electronics, home appliance, and toy industries, but have not investigated pain relief medicines and medical devices...
April 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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