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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352218/nutritional-deficiencies-and-bone-metabolism-after-endobarrier-in-obese-type-2-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Nuria Vilarrasa, Alexandra Fabregat, Silvia Toro, Amador García Gordejuela, Anna Casajoana, Mónica Montserrat, Pilar Garrido, Rafael López-Urdiales, Núria Virgili, Alejandra Planas-Vilaseca, Andreu Simó-Servat, Jordi Pujol
Endobarrier® is a minimally invasive, reversible endoscopic treatment for obesity. It provokes malabsorption along 60 cm of the small intestine, which can contribute to the development of vitamin deficiencies and to changes in bone mineral density (BMD). To determine the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies, changes in body composition and BMD during the first year after Endobarrier® placement. Twenty-one patients with type 2 diabetes met inclusion criteria. Levels of vitamins, micro and macronutrients were assessed prior and at 1, 3 and 12 months post-operatively...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342258/insulin-and-estrogen-independently-and-differentially-reduce-macronutrient-intake-in-healthy-men
#2
Rosemarie Krug, Linda Mohwinkel, Bernhard Drotleff, Jan Born, Manfred Hallschmid
Context: Insulin administration to the central nervous system inhibits food intake, but this effect has been found to be less pronounced in female compared to male organisms. This sex-specific pattern has been suggested to arise from a modulating influence of estrogen signaling on the insulin effect. Objective: We assessed in healthy young men whether pre-treatment with transdermal estradiol interacts with the hypophagic effect of central nervous insulin administration via the intranasal pathway...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340436/dietary-pectin-and-mango-pulp-effects-on-small-intestinal-enzyme-activity-levels-and-macronutrient-digestion-in-grower-pigs
#3
Anton M Pluschke, Barbara A Williams, Dagong Zhang, Michael J Gidley
The effects of refined pectin and mango pulp on macronutrient digestion and small intestinal enzyme activity were studied in grower pigs. Diets based on wheat starch with and without apple pectin or dried mango fruit pulp were fed to 30 grower pigs for 21 days. Pigs were euthanized two hours postprandially, and their gastrointestinal contents recovered. Starch and protein digestion as well as α-amylase activity were all increased in pigs fed pectin. In contrast, fat digestion, lipase and protease (trypsin) activities were all significantly reduced in these pigs...
January 17, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339830/differential-association-of-dietary-carbohydrate-intake-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-us-and-korean-adults-data-from-the-2007-2012-nhanes-and-knhanes
#4
Kyungho Ha, Kijoon Kim, Ock K Chun, Hyojee Joung, YoonJu Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The risk factors for metabolic syndrome may differ between Western and Asian countries due to their distinct dietary cultures. However, few studies have directly compared macronutrient intake and its association with the risk of metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults using national survey data. SUBJECT/METHODS: Based on the data from the US and Korean versions of the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, KNHANES), a total of 3,324 American and 20,515 Korean adults were included...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337861/protein-from-meat-or-vegetable-sources-in-meals-matched-for-fiber-content-has-similar-effects-on-subjective-appetite-sensations-and-energy-intake-a-randomized-acute-cross-over-meal-test-study
#5
Lone V Nielsen, Marlene D Kristensen, Lars Klingenberg, Christian Ritz, Anita Belza, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben
Higher-protein meals decrease hunger and increase satiety compared to lower-protein meals. However, no consensus exists about the different effects of animal and vegetable proteins on appetite. We investigated how a meal based on vegetable protein (fava beans/split peas) affected ad libitum energy intake and appetite sensations, compared to macronutrient-balanced, iso-caloric meals based on animal protein (veal/pork or eggs). Thirty-five healthy men were enrolled in this acute cross-over study. On each test day, participants were presented with one of four test meals (~3550 kilojoules (kJ) 19% of energy from protein), based on fava beans/split peas (28...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337071/lower-protein-and-higher-carbohydrate-intake-is-related-with-altering-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-elderly-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Hellen C G Nabuco, Crisieli M Tomeleri, Paulo Junior Sugihara, Rodrigo Dos Reis Fernandes, Edilaine F Cavalcante, Melissa Antunes, Roberto Carlos Burini, Danielle Venturini, Décio S Barbosa, Analiza Mônica Silva, Edilson S Cyrino
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is an energy-disturbance disease associated with insulin resistance. Hence, the intake of energy-rich macronutrients might affect some MetS components. The aim of this study was to explore the association of ingested macronutrients with MetS components in older women. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in 245 older women (≥60 years). Whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess total body fat, percentage body fat (absolute and relative), and skeletal muscle mass...
January 11, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336700/effect-of-daily-exposure-to-an-isolated-soy-protein-supplement-on-body-composition-energy-and-macronutrient-intake-bone-formation-markers-and-lipid-profile-in-children-in-colombia
#7
Wilson Mejía, Diana Córdoba, Paola Durán, Yersson Chacón, Diego Rosselli
A soy protein-based supplement may optimize bone health, support physical growth, and stimulate bone formation. This study aimed to assess the effect of a daily soy protein supplement (SPS) on nutritional status, bone formation markers, lipid profile, and daily energy and macronutrient intake in children. One hundred seven participants (62 girls), ages 2 to 9, started the study and were randomly assigned to lunch fruit juice with (n = 57, intervention group) or without (n = 50, control group) addition of 45 g (230 Kcal) of a commercial SPS during 12 months; 84 children (51 girls, 33 boys) completed the study (45 and 39 intervention and control, respectively)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336628/effect-of-multi-ingredient-supplement-containing-satiereal-naringin-and-vitamin-d-on-body-composition-mood-and-satiety-in-overweight-adults
#8
Adam M Gonzalez, Katie M Sell, Jamie J Ghigiarelli, Robert W Spitz, Matthew R Accetta, Gerald T Mangine
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of 28 days of a dietary supplement on body composition, mood, and satiety in overweight adults. Twenty healthy adults (25.5 ± 3.8 years; 87.3 ± 20.7 kg; 169.9 ± 10.6 cm; 29.9 ± 5.1 body mass index) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation. Ten participants were provided with a dietary supplement containing 178 mg satiereal, 100 mg naringin, and 2,000 IU vitamin D3 daily (SUPP), and ten participants were provided a placebo (PL) for 28 days...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333378/associations-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-duration-and-dietary-consumptions-psychological-symptoms-and-obesity-in-korean-adults
#9
Bori Kang, Miae Doo, Yangha Kim
Sleep pattern disruptions have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study was performed to investigate the association between sleep quality and sleep duration with dietary consumption, psychological factors, and obesity in Korean adults. A total of 288 Korean men and women who visited a public health center were included in this study. Data on general characteristics, health-related habits, psychological symptoms, dietary intake, and sleep patterns (including quality and duration) were collected using self-report questionnaires...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330920/macronutrient-and-fibre-intake-of-young-spanish-children-with-reference-to-their-in-utero-growth-status-are-they-eating-a-healthy-diet
#10
Rozina Nuruddin, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Dolores Garcia-Arenas, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Ruthy Acosta-Rojas
AIM: To compare macronutrient and fibre intake by pre-school children born with intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) or as appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to compare their intake with paediatric nutritional recommendations for identification of potential areas of modification during early life. METHODS: A parental 3-day dietary record was obtained for children of age 1-6 years, born at Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (2002-2007) with IUGR (n = 37) or AGA (n = 53)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330693/the-enhanced-biomass-and-lipid-accumulation-in-coccomyxa-subellipsoidea-with-an-integrated-treatment-strategy-initiated-by-brewery-effluent-and-phytohormones
#11
Tingting Liu, Fei Luo, Zhenyao Wang, Yuqin Li
Brewery effluent (BE) as an appreciable and sustainable resource presented new possibilities in low-cost algal biomass production, whereas the relatively low essential macronutrients hindered extensive applications as growth medium for microalgae cultivation. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of an integrated treatment strategy initiated by BE coupling phytohormones in augmenting biomass and lipid accumulation in Coccomyxa subellipsoidea. Results revealed that BE coupling synthetic 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) accomplished the favorable lipid productivity of 481...
January 12, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326315/plasma-n-3-and-n-6-fatty-acids-are-differentially-related-to-carotid-plaque-and-its-progression-mesa-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#12
Brian T Steffen, Weihua Guan, James H Stein, Mathew C Tattersall, Joel D Kaufman, Veit Sandfort, Moyses Szklo, Michael Y Tsai
OBJECTIVE: ω-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs) have long been considered healthful dietary components, yet recent clinical trials have questioned their cardiovascular benefits. By contrast, the ω-6 (n-6) FAs have been considered harmful, proatherogenic macronutrients, despite an absence of empirical evidence supporting this hypothesis. We aimed to determine whether plasma n-3 and n-6 FAs are related to risk of carotid plaque and its progression in 3327 participants of the MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)...
January 11, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317416/the-association-between-macronutrient-intake-and-cognition-in-individuals-aged-under-65-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Bingjie Ding, Rong Xiao, Weiwei Ma, Lei Zhao, Yanxia Bi, Yong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to explore the correlation between daily energy intake from macronutrients and cognitive functions in a Chinese population aged less than 65 years. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study to explore the relationships between macronutrients' intake and cognitive function. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) and χ2 test were used to compare the demographic and physical characteristics, lifestyle and laboratory parameters with the intake of macronutrients among different quartiles of % fat/energy...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316991/is-dietary-macronutrient-composition-during-pregnancy-associated-with-offspring-birth-weight-an-observational-study
#14
Sukshma S Sharma, Darren C Greenwood, Nigel A B Simpson, Janet E Cade
There is lack of evidence on the differential impact of maternal macronutrient consumption: carbohydrates (CHO), fats and protein on birth weight. We investigated the association between maternal dietary macronutrient intakes and their sub-components such as saccharides and fatty acids and birth weight. This analyses included 1,196 women with singleton pregnancies who were part of the CAffeine and REproductive health study in Leeds, UK between 2003 and 2006. Women were interviewed in each trimester. Dietary information was collected twice using a 24-h dietary recall about 8-12 weeks and 13-27 weeks of gestation...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316931/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-novel-human-milk-fortifier-from-donkey-milk-in-feeding-preterm-infants-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Paola Tonetto, Chiara Peila, Francesco Cresi, Sertac Arslanoglu, Guido E Moro, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Marzia Giribaldi, Sara Antoniazzi, Amedeo Conti, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316930/feasibility-of-a-commercial-smartphone-application-for-dietary-assessment-in-epidemiological-research-and-comparison-with-24-h-dietary-recalls
#16
Gina L Ambrosini, Miriam Hurworth, Roslyn Giglia, Gina Trapp, Penelope Strauss
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment methods that can provide high quality data while limiting participant burden and resource requirements in epidemiological research are highly sought after and continue to evolve. The use of mobile phone technology in research has increased rapidly over the last decade and offers multiple advantages to the researcher over traditional data collection methods. This study tested the acceptability and relative validity of a commercial smart phone application (app) for use as an epidemiological dietary assessment tool, compared with a traditional dietary assessment method...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314007/chlorophyll-fluorescence-imaging-reveals-genetic-variation-and-loci-for-a-photosynthetic-trait-in-diploid-potato
#17
Aina E Prinzenberg, Marcela Víquez-Zamora, Jeremy Harbinson, Pim Lindhout, Sjaak van Heusden
Physiology and genetics are tightly interrelated. Understanding the genetic basis of a physiological trait such as the quantum yield of the photosystem II, or photosynthetic responses to environmental changes will benefit the understanding of these processes. By means of chlorophyll fluorescence imaging "CF", the quantum yield of photosystem II can be determined rapidly, precisely and non-invasively. In this article, the genetic control and variation in the steady-state quantum yield of PSII "ΦPSII " is analysed for diploid potato plants...
January 4, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#18
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311037/relationships-among-dietary-intakes-and-persistent-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-receiving-enzyme-treatment-for-genetic-sucrase-isomaltase-deficiency
#19
Anne Boney, Heather E Elser, Heidi J Silver
BACKGROUND: Sucrose-isomaltase deficiency (SID) remains underdiagnosed. Absent or reduced enzyme activity promotes diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and flatulence from undigested and malabsorbed disaccharides. Frequency and severity of gastrointestinal symptoms may be associated with the type of carbohydrates consumed. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the dietary intakes of patients treated with sacrosidase (Sucraid; QOL Medical) for SID and determine relationships between type of carbohydrates, sacrosidase dose, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306154/wood-ash-residue-causes-a-mixture-of-growth-promotion-and-toxicity-in-lemna-minor
#20
Lucas S Jagodzinski, Marian T O'Donoghue, Liam B Heffernan, Frank N A M van Pelt, John O'Halloran, Marcel A K Jansen
The use of wood as a sustainable biofuel results in the generation of residual wood ash. The ash contains high amounts of plant macronutrients such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium as well as several micronutrients. To explore the potential use of wood ash as a fertiliser, the growth enhancing properties of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong.) wood ash were contrasted with the potential toxic action, using common duckweed (Lemna minor L.) as a model test species. The growth of L. minor exposed to wood bottom and fly ash solids and corresponding leachates was assessed in ultra-oligotrophic and eutrophic media...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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