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alpha-1 liver disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159910/patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-need-a-personalized-management-a-lesson-from-clinical-practice
#1
Edoardo G Giannini, Laura Bucci, Francesca Garuti, Matteo Brunacci, Barbara Lenzi, Matteo Valente, Eugenio Caturelli, Giuseppe Cabibbo, Fabio Piscaglia, Roberto Virdone, Martina Felder, Francesca Ciccarese, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Rodolfo Sacco, Gianluca Svegliati Baroni, Fabio Farinati, Gian Lodovico Rapaccini, Andrea Olivani, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maria Di Marco, Filomena Morisco, Marco Zoli, Alberto Masotto, Franco Borzio, Luisa Benvegnù, Fabio Marra, Antonio Colecchia, Gerardo Nardone, Mauro Bernardi, Franco Trevisani
The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer advanced stage (BCLC C) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) includes a heterogeneous population, where sorafenib alone is the recommended treatment. In this study our aim was to assess treatment and overall survival (OS) of BCLC C patients sub-classified according to clinical features (Performance Status [PS], macro-vascular invasion [MVI], extra-hepatic spread [EHS] or MVI+EHS) determining their allocation to this stage. From the Italian Liver Cancer database, we analysed 835 consecutive BCLC C patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2014...
November 21, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142479/medication-beliefs-predict-medication-adherence-in-ambulatory-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#2
Kelly L Hayward, Patricia C Valery, Jennifer H Martin, Antara Karmakar, Preya J Patel, Leigh U Horsfall, Caroline J Tallis, Katherine A Stuart, Penny L Wright, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, W Neil Cottrell
AIM: To investigate the impact of medication beliefs, illness perceptions and quality of life on medication adherence in people with decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred adults with decompensated cirrhosis completed a structured questionnaire when they attended for routine outpatient hepatology review. Measures of self-reported medication adherence (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale), beliefs surrounding medications (Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire), perceptions of illness and medicines (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire), and quality of life (Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire) were examined...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137099/chemoembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-fed-by-right-internal-thoracic-artery
#3
Tao Shen, Zhongzhi Jia, Yuanquan Huang, Shaoqin Li, Guomin Jiang, Lihua Cheng
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the value of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) via right internal thoracic artery (RITA) for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).From January 2000 to June 2016, a retrospective study was conducted of all patients with unresectable HCC who underwent TACE via RITA across 3 medical centers. The technical success, serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level changes, major complications, disease control rate, and survival were evaluated and analyzed.During the study peroid, in all, 21 patients (men 21; mean age 57...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134552/intranasal-delivery-of-%C3%AE-asarone-to-the-brain-with-lactoferrin-modified-mpeg-pla-nanoparticles-prepared-by-premix-membrane-emulsification
#4
Linmei Pan, Jing Zhou, Feng Ju, Huaxu Zhu
Alpha-asarone is a bioactive component of Acorus tatarincuii Schott with low bioavailability, which is often used for treatments of various brain diseases in clinical setting. This study was to formulate biodegradable methoxy polyethylene glycol-polylactic acid (mPEG-PLA) nanoparticles (NPs) surface-modified by lactoferrin (Lf), for delivering α-asarone into the brain following intranasal administration. Alpha-asarone NPs were prepared by premix membrane emulsification. The relative parameters were optimized by a Box-Behnken experimental design...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131698/the-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-salvia-officinalis-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-rats
#5
Umut Kerem Kolac, Mehmet Cengiz Ustuner, Neslihan Tekin, Derya Ustuner, Emine Colak, Emre Entok
Salvia officinalis, which has a high phenolic acid and flavonoid content, is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory herb. Inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of many diseases and could cause damage by means of oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of S. officinalis formed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced experimental inflammation model. Four- to five-month-old 42 female Wistar albino rats were divided into six groups...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119583/hyperlipidemia-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-clinical-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#6
Hung-Jen Shih, Chun-Jen Huang, Jui-An Lin, Ming-Chang Kao, Yen-Chun Fan, Pei-Shan Tsai
BACKGROUND: A high fat diet is associated with risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, whether hyperlipidemia is associated with BPH remains unclear. This population-based cohort study elucidated whether hyperlipidemia is associated with an increased risk of BPH. METHODS: We used a new-exposure design and analyzed data retrieved from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. The cohort of men with newly diagnosed hyperlipidemia and the age- and index-date-matched (1:3) nonhyperlipidemia cohort were tracked for incidence of BPH during a 1- to 14-year follow-up...
November 9, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116287/peginterferon-still-has-a-place-in-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-caused-by-genotype-3-virus
#7
Aline Vitali Grando, Paulo Roberto Abrão Ferreira, Mário Guimarães Pessôa, Daniel Ferraz de Campos Mazo, Carlos Eduardo Brandão-Mello, Tânia Reuter, Ana de Lourdes Candolo Martinelli, Mário Peribanez Gonzalez, Ana Catharina Seixas-Santos Nastri, Aléia Faustina Campos, Max Igor Banks Ferreira Lopes, José David Urbaez Brito, Maria Cássia Mendes-Corrêa
Despite recent advances in therapy for chronic hepatitis C (CHC), the disease caused by genotype 3 virus (GEN3) is still considered a treatment challenge in certain patient subgroups. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the peginterferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) combination treatment for GEN3/CHC patients, and to evaluate sustained virological response (SVR) indicators and early treatment interruption due to serious adverse events (SAE). This was a retrospective observational study of GEN3/CHC patients, co-infected or not by HIV and treated with Peg-IFN/RBV in nine Brazilian healthcare centers...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113135/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-exacerbated-in-high-fat-diet-fed-gnotobiotic-mice-by-colonization-with-the-gut-microbiota-from-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#8
Chien-Chao Chiu, Yung-Hao Ching, Yen-Peng Li, Ju-Yun Liu, Yen-Te Huang, Yi-Wen Huang, Sien-Sing Yang, Wen-Ching Huang, Hsiao-Li Chuang
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a serious liver disorder associated with the accumulation of fat and inflammation. The objective of this study was to determine the gut microbiota composition that might influence the progression of NAFLD. Germ-free mice were inoculated with feces from patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or from healthy persons (HL) and then fed a standard diet (STD) or high-fat diet (HFD). We found that the epididymal fat weight, hepatic steatosis, multifocal necrosis, and inflammatory cell infiltration significantly increased in the NASH-HFD group...
November 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112283/the-pretreatment-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-may-predict-prognosis-of-patients-with-liver-cancer-meta-analysis
#9
Guang-Tao Min, Yu-Min Li, Nan Yao, Jun Wang, Hong-Peng Wang, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: At present, several studies have reported that the pretreatment Neutrophil-Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may be associated with the prognosis of liver cancer. Nevertheless, their conclusions remain controversial. Thus we performed a meta-analysis of 54 studies to evaluate the prognostic value of NLR. METHOD: Databases including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched to July, 2017. RESULT: A total of 54 studies including 12979 patients were included in this meta-analysis...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109772/the-anti-tumor-effects-of-m1-macrophage-loaded-poly-ethylene-glycol-and-gelatin-based-hydrogels-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Alberto Daniel Guerra, Oscar W H Yeung, Xiang Qi, W John Kao, Kwan Man
Background and Aims: Recently we reported that direct injection of M1 macrophages significantly caused tumor regression in vivo. Despite the promising result, a major limitation in translating this approach is the induction of acute inflammatory response. To improve the strategy, a biocompatible scaffold for cell presentation and support is essential to control cell fate. Here, we aimed to elucidate the anti-tumor effects of a poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGdA) and thiolated gelatin poly(ethylene glycol) (Gel-PEG-Cys) cross-linked hydrogels capsulated with M1 macrophages in both in vitro and in vivo disease models...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093318/the-association-between-nfkbia-polymorphisms-and-the-progression-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-the-chinese-han-population
#11
Yong Lin, Chenghao Su, Jianjun Niu, Zhinan Guo, Yapi Lu
Based on the involvement of NFKIBA (NF-κB Inhibitor Alpha) in the NF-κB pathway, which is closely related with host immunity, and this present study aimed to determine if NFKIBA polymorphisms are associated with the disease progression of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Our study collected blood samples from a total of 212 treatment-naïve patients with chronic HBV infection were included in present study, and the blood samples were collected. NFKBIA polymorphisms were determined by using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/ Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry...
October 31, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071776/clinical-characteristics-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-with-normal-serum-alpha-fetoprotein-level-a-study-of-112-consecutive-cases
#12
Li Li, Jinglong Chen, Weiran Xu, Xiaosheng Ding, Xiangyi Wang, Jun Liang
BACKGROUND: Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level is normal in 30-40% of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, and knowledge on its characteristics and clinical outcome is limited. The purpose of this observational study was to determine the clinical presentation, biological behavior and outcome of HCC patients with normal AFP level. METHODS: Data of 112 consecutive HCC patients with normal AFP level were analyzed retrospectively. Statistical analysis including survival and factors associated with serum AFP level were performed by Kaplan-Meier method and t-test, respectively...
October 26, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066120/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-as-an-alternative-to-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Eli Sapir, Yebin Tao, Matthew J Schipper, Latifa Bazzi, Paula M Novelli, Pauline Devlin, Dawn Owen, Kyle C Cuneo, Theodore S Lawrence, Neehar D Parikh, Mary Feng
PURPOSE: To conduct a large single-institution comparison of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) outcomes in similar groups of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 2006 to 2014, 209 patients with 1 to 2 tumors underwent TACE (n=84) to 114 tumors or image guided SBRT (n=125) to 173 tumors. Propensity score analysis with inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to compare outcomes between treatments while adjusting for imbalances in treatment assignment...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063962/association-of-pgc-1%C3%AE-gene-with-type-2-diabetes-in-three-unrelated-endogamous-groups-of-north-west-india-punjab-a-case-control-and-meta-analysis-study
#14
Rubina Sharma, Kawaljit Matharoo, Rohit Kapoor, A J S Bhanwer
PGC-1α (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, coactivator 1 alpha) plays a key role in glucose homeostasis inside liver and muscle. The impact of six polymorphisms of PGC-1α with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) susceptibility was evaluated on 1125 samples comprising of 554 T2D cases and 571 controls among three endogamous groups (Bania, Brahmin and Jat Sikh) of North-West India (Punjab). Single-locus analysis showed a significant differential pattern of genetic association of PGC-1α among studied groups emphasizing the role of ethnicity towards disease susceptibility...
October 24, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049242/the-prevalence-of-pi-s-and-pi-z-serpina1-alleles-in-healthy-individuals-and-copd-patients-in-saudi-arabia-a-case-control-study
#15
Noura Al-Jameil, Amina A Hassan, Rana Hassanato, Sree R Isac, Maram Al Otaiby, Fadwa Al-Shareef, Basmah Al-Maarik, Iman Al Ajeyan, Khloud Al-Bahloul, Samina Ghani, Dana Al-Torbak
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is an acute phase protein produced in hepatocytes. Its deficiency affects the lungs and liver. A case-control study was carried out to determine the prevalence of 2 common deficiency alleles, PI*S and PI*Z, for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) in both healthy and chronic obstructive pulmmonary disease (COPD)-affected Saudi populations and to clarify the importance of genetic tests in the screening of people at risk for COPD.One thousand blood samples from healthy individuals and 1000 from COPD-affected Saudi individuals were genotyped for the above-mentioned alleles, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), with the exclusion of any other nationalities...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037782/paeoniflorin-targets-apoptosis-and-ameliorates-fibrosis-in-murine-schistosomiasis-mansoni-a-novel-insight
#16
Naglaa Fathy Abd El-Aal, Rania Said Hamza, Ola Harb
Schistosomiasis is a chronic helminthic disease causing hepatic fibrosis. Some studies demonstrated direct effect of targeting apoptosis on fibrosis regression. This study is a novel trial of Paeoniflorin (PAE) on S. mansoni induced hepatic fibrosis in murine model compared to Praziquantel (PZQ) evaluating their anti-parasitic and anti-fibrotic properties aiming to discover a new therapy that decrease schistosomiasis morbidity. Thirty two laboratory bred Swiss albino male CD-1 mice were used in this study...
October 14, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031784/isobaric-tags-for-relative-and-absolute-quantitation-itraq-based-proteomics-for-the-investigation-of-the-effect-of-huganqingzhi-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-rats
#17
Xiaorui Yao, Fan Xia, Waijiao Tang, Chunxin Xiao, Miaoting Yang, Benjie Zhou
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hugan Qingzhi tablet (HQT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula has been adopted for preventing and treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AIM: In order to explore the anti-NAFLD mechanisms of HQT, iTRAQ-based proteomic was employed to investigate the expression profiles of proteins in NAFLD rats induced by high-fat diet after HQT treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The NAFLD rat model was administrated with high-fat diet (HFD) for 12weeks...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024407/ghrelin-deletion-protects-against-age-associated-hepatic-steatosis-by-downregulating-the-c-ebp%C3%AE-p300-dgat1-pathway
#18
Bobby Guillory, Nicole Jawanmardi, Polina Iakova, Barbara Anderson, Pu Zang, Nikolai A Timchenko, Jose M Garcia
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide. NAFLD usually begins as low-grade hepatic steatosis which further progresses in an age-dependent manner to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma in some patients. Ghrelin is a hormone known to promote adiposity in rodents and humans, but its potential role in hepatic steatosis is unknown. We hypothesized that genetic ghrelin deletion will protect against the development of age-related hepatic steatosis...
October 12, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023858/interleukin-1-gene-cluster-haplotype-analysis-in-the-chronic-outcome-prediction-of-the-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#19
Bita Javan, Mohamad Reza Kalani, Majid Shahbazi
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is well known as an important cause of the chronic liver disease. The screening of the genotype of certain cytokines might be helpful to predict the clinical outcome of an HBV infection. The present study investigates the relationship between the polymorphism and haplotypes of the Interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene family, including IL-1-alpha (IL-1A), IL-1-beta (IL-1B) and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RN), with chronic HBV infection. 297 chronic HBV and 333 matched on sex and age control individuals were genotyped using the standard sequence-specific- polymerase chain reaction primer (SSP-PCR) method...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987423/microrna-122-regulated-by-grlh2-protects-livers-of-mice-and%C3%A2-patients-from-ethanol-induced-liver-disease
#20
Abhishek Satishchandran, Aditya Ambade, Sitara Rao, Ying-Chao Hsueh, Arvin Iracheta-Vellve, David Tornai, Patrick Lowe, Benedek Gyongyosi, Jia Li, Donna Catalano, Li Zhong, Karen Kodys, Jun Xie, Shashi Bala, Guangping Gao, Gyongyi Szabo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Chronic, excessive alcohol consumption leads to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) characterized by steatosis, inflammation, and eventually cirrhosis. The hepatocyte specific microRNA 122 (MIR122) regulates hepatocyte differentiation and metabolism. We investigated whether an alcohol-induced decrease in level of MIR122 contributes to development of ALD. METHODS: We obtained liver samples from 12 patients with ALD and cirrhosis and 9 healthy individuals (controls) and analyzed them by histology and immunohistochemistry...
October 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
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