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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774416/restoration-of-proximal-periprosthetic-bone-loss-by-denosumab-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
Satoshi Nagoya, Kenji Tateda, Shunichiro Okazaki, Ima Kosukegawa, Junya Shimizu, Toshihiko Yamashita
Denosumab contributed to the restoration of proximal periprosthetic bone loss around the femoral stem that were measured using a DEXA, especially in zone 7, at 1 year after cementless THA in elderly osteoporotic patients. INTRODUCTION: Although bone quality is an important issue in elderly osteoporotic patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a cementless stem, periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) in the proximal femur has been reported to be decreased by 15-40% postoperatively...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771856/vitamin-e-phosphate-coating-stimulates-bone-deposition-in-implant-related-infections-in-a-rat-model
#2
Arianna B Lovati, Marta Bottagisio, Susanna Maraldi, Martina B Violatto, Monica Bortolin, Elena De Vecchi, Paolo Bigini, Lorenzo Drago, Carlo L Romanò
BACKGROUND: Implant-related infections are associated with impaired bone healing and osseointegration. In vitro antiadhesive and antibacterial properties and in vivo antiinflammatory effects protecting against bone loss of various formulations of vitamin E have been demonstrated in animal models. However, to the best of our knowledge, no in vivo studies have demonstrated the synergistic activity of vitamin E in preventing bacterial adhesion to orthopaedic implants, thus supporting the bone-implant integration...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770222/recurrent-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-adult-a-closer-look-at-bone-health-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Eleanor P Thong, Sarah Catford, Julie Fletcher, Phillip Wong, Peter J Fuller, Helena Teede, Frances Milat
The association between type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and bone health has garnered interest over the years. Fracture risk is known to be increased in individuals with T1DM, although bone health assessment is not often performed in the clinical setting. We describe the case of a 21-year-old male with longstanding T1DM with multilevel vertebral fractures on imaging, after presenting with acute back pain without apparent trauma. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) revealed significantly reduced bone mineral density at the lumbar spine and femoral neck...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767119/recent-advances-in-sturgeon-nutrition
#4
REVIEW
Silas S O Hung
Sturgeons are fish species of biological and economical importance, and most of them are endangered, vulnerable or rare because of their large size, late sexual maturity, long period between spawning, and longevity. These unique biological characteristics make them highly susceptible to overfishing, degradation of habitat and spawning ground, and contamination of water and sediments by pollutants. The objective of the current review is not to exhaustively include all studies on sturgeon nutrient requirements and utilizations conducted under laboratory conditions, but to critique some studies and update previous reviews...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#5
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#6
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766690/garden-nasturtium-tropaeolum-majus-l-a-source-of-mineral-elements-and-bioactive-compounds
#7
Karolina Jakubczyk, Katarzyna Janda, Katarzyna Watychowicz, Jagoda Łukasiak, Jolanta Wolska
The garden nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.) belongs to the family Tropaeolaceae. Native to South America it was brought to Europe in XVI century. It is a plant with numerous healing properties. Medicinal plants such as the garden nasturtium contain trace elements and bioactive compounds which can be easily absorbed by the human body. The flowers and other parts of the garden nasturtium are a good source of micro elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, and macro elements, especially of zinc, copper and iron...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766152/undesired-effect-of-excessive-betamethasone-administration-during-pregnancy-a-rare-case
#8
Alireza Mirzaei, Solmaz Piri, Kaveh Gharanizadeh, Mozhdeh Zabihiyeganeh
Background: Postpartum bilateral femoral neck fracture (BFNF) is a rare condition. We here report a case of BFNF due to excessive corticosteroid consumption, twin pregnancy, immobility, and vitamin D deficiency. Case: This is a report of a 32-yr-old woman with bilateral femoral insufficiency fracture five days after emergency cesarean section due to preterm labor, twin pregnancy, and the history of a previous cesarean section at 33 wk. Antenatal repeated courses of betamethasone injections for fetal lung maturity, daily oral use of prednisolone for the history of miscarriage, immobilization, and vitamin D deficiency were the important contributing factors in her past medical history and lab investigations...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764430/drug-prescribing-during-pregnancy-in-a-central-region-of-italy-2008-2012
#9
Martina Ventura, Alice Maraschini, Paola D'Aloja, Ursula Kirchmayer, Ilaria Lega, Marina Davoli, Serena Donati
BACKGROUND: Drug consumption during pregnancy is a matter of concern, especially regarding drugs known or suspected to be teratogens. Little is known about drug use in pregnant women in Italy. The present study is aimed at examining the prevalence, and to detect potential inappropriateness of drug prescribing among pregnant women in Latium, a region of central Italy. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of women aged 18-45 years who delivered between 2008 and 2012 in public hospitals...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762915/women-s-periconceptional-diet-and-risk-of-biliary-atresia-in-offspring
#10
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Alissa R Van Zutphen, Cynthia A Moore, Gary M Shaw
INTRODUCTION: We examined the association of biliary atresia with maternal dietary intake, using National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) data from 152 cases and 11,112 nonmalformed controls born 1997-2011. METHODS: NBDPS is a multisite, population-based case-control study. Exposure data were from maternal telephone interviews, which included a food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were generated from logistic regression models that included nutritional factors as continuous variables and were adjusted for energy intake only or energy intake plus covariates (maternal race-ethnicity, education, age, prepregnancy body mass index, vitamin/mineral supplement intake, conception during summer)...
May 15, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761101/fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-case-report-on-controlled-remission-of-symptoms-by-a-dietary-strategy
#11
Silvia Maria Lattanzio, Francesca Imbesi
A 34-year-old woman suffered from significant chronic pain, depression, non-restorative sleep, chronic fatigue, severe morning stiffness, leg cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, hypersensitivity to cold, concentration difficulties, and forgetfulness. Blood tests were negative for rheumatic disorders. The patient was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Due to the lack of effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in FMS, she approached a novel metabolic proposal for the symptomatic remission. Its core idea is supporting serotonin synthesis by allowing a proper absorption of tryptophan assumed with food, while avoiding, or at least minimizing the presence of interfering non-absorbed molecules, such as fructose and sorbitol...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758362/the-anti-epileptic-drugs-valproate-carbamazepine-and-levetiracetam-cause-bone-loss-and-modulate-wnt-inhibitors-in-normal-and-ovariectomised-rats
#12
Bushra Parveen, Ambrish Kumar Tiwari, Moon Jain, Subhashis Pal, Naibedya Chattopadhyay, Manjari Tripathi, Divya Vohora
Secondary osteoporosis is the major concern associated with long term intake of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Women are the vulnerable targets owing to post-menopausal bone loss. In the present work, we evaluated the effect of 10 weeks of treatment with AED therapy (carbamazepine, CBZ, 75 mg/kg; sodium valproate, SVP, 300 mg/kg; levetiracetam, LTM, 150 mg/kg) on bone mineral density and microarchitecture at femoral epiphysis, lumbar vertebrae and proximal tibia of normal and ovariectomised Wistar rats...
May 11, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754383/alteration-of-bone-mineral-density-differs-between-genders-in-obese-subjects-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-bone-morphogenetic-protein-4-may-count
#13
Xingchun Wang, Liang Li, Cuiling Zhu, Jingyang Gao, Shen Qu
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has proven to be successful in weight reduction but with potential loss of bone mass. Previous studies indicated that bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) plays an important role in both bone formation and glucose-lipid metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the changes in bone mineral density (BMD), bone metabolic parameters, and serum BMP4 levels in obese Chinese subjects after LSG. METHODS: Seventy-one obese patients (34 males, age 31...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754284/determination-of-seasonal-vitamin-and-mineral-contents-of-sea-bream-sparus-aurata-l-1758-cultured-in-net-cages-in-central-black-sea-region
#14
Dilara Kaya Öztürk, Birol Baki, İsmihan Karayücel, Recep Öztürk, Gülşen Uzun Gören, Sedat Karayücel
This study aimed to determine the seasonal vitamin and mineral contents of sea bream (Sparus aurata) cultured in net cages in Central Black Sea region. The average seasonal A, D3 , and E vitamins values in fish meat were between 0.27 ± 0.02-0.60 ± 0.00, 0.98 ± 0.01-1.70 ± 0.00, and 3.10 ± 0.14-6.00 ± 0.21 mg/kg, respectively (p < 0.05). The average seasonal Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P, Zn, and Se values in fish meat were between 276.90 ± 0.99-1788.50 ± 51.27 (p < 0...
May 12, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754009/dietary-nitrogen-and-calcium-modulate-cyp27b1-expression-in-young-goats
#15
M R Wilkens, K Elfers, M Schmicke, G Breves, A S Muscher-Banse
In livestock, feeding a reduced nitrogen (N) diet is favored for economic and ecological reasons. Ruminants cope more easily with a reduced N diet than monogastric species. However, changes in mineral homeostasis such as a reduction in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2 D3 ) concentrations, calcium (Ca), and IGF1 levels were observed in goats kept on a reduced N diet. The decrease in 1,25-(OH)2 D3 occurred even during a simultaneous reduction in dietary N and Ca, whereas a solitary Ca reduction stimulated 1,25-(OH)2 D3 synthesis...
April 3, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750126/vitamin-d-intake-among-premenopausal-women-living-in-jeddah-food-sources-and-relationship-to-demographic-factors-and-bone-health
#16
Tahani A Zareef, Robert T Jackson, Abdulkareem A Alkahtani
Background: Saudi women depend on food sources to maintain their serum 25(OH) D concentrations because covering by traditional clothing and time spent indoors limit their sun exposure. Little is known about vitamin D intake and its main food sources in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in young women is not well researched. Objectives: To assess the adequacy of vitamin D intake among Saudi women as compared to the estimated average requirements (EARs), to identify dietary vitamin D sources, to examine potential determinants of vitamin D intake, and to assess bone health and the association of calcium and vitamin D intake with BMD...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749330/bone-mineral-density-and-vitamin-k-status-in-children-with-celiac-disease-is-there-a-relation
#17
Burcu Volkan, Ali Fettah, Ali İşlek, Soner Sertan Kara, Nezahat Kurt, Atilla Çayır
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate bone mineral density (BMD) in children with celiac disease (CD) and to evaluate the association between vitamin K levels and osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with CD and age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were prospectively included in the study. BMD was measured, and serum anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA, ferritin, folate, vitamin B12, 25-hydroxy vitamin D and K2, calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, and parathormone were assayed in all subjects...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748907/effect-of-combined-vitamin-d-receptor-activator-and-lanthanum-carbonate-on-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-level-in-predialysis-patients-cvd-laf-study-design-and-method
#18
Eri Ito, Daijo Inaguma, Shigehisa Koide, Kazuo Takahashi, Hiroki Hayashi, Midori Hasegawa, Yukio Yuzawa
BACKGROUND: Whether vitamin D receptor activator (VDRA) use is beneficial in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear, because it is possible that VDRA increases serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) levels. We will conduct a randomized controlled trial in predialysis patients to determine the effect of VDRA alone or in combination with lanthanum carbonate (LC) on serum FGF23 levels. METHODS: This is a single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Enrollment will commence February 1, 2018, using the following inclusion criteria: (1) age ≥ 20 years, (2) CKD with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 10-45 mL/min/1...
May 10, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748875/changes-in-bone-metabolism-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-male-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Yosuke Atsumi, Yasushi Rino, Hiroo Wada, Yuichi Kitani, Yukihiro Ozawa, Toru Aoyama, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Takaki Yoshikawa, Munetaka Masuda
BACKGROUND: Several retrospective studies have shown that bone disorders occur after gastric cancer surgery. This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the changes in bone metabolism after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 39 men with early gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy. We excluded women to avoid the effects of menopause. We employed dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) to measure bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine...
May 10, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746701/nitrogen-retention-energy-and-amino-acid-digestibility-of-wheat-bran-without-or-with-multicarbohydrase-and-phytase-supplementation-fed-to-broiler-chickens
#20
Connie Gallardo, Julio Cezar Dadalt, Messias Alves Trindade Neto
The study was conducted to determine the effects of multicarbohydrase (MC) preparation (700 U α-galactosidase, 2,200 U galactomannanase, 3,000 U xylanase, and 22,000 U β-glucanase per kg of diet) and phytase (Phy, 500 FTU per kg of diet) supplementation on the nutritive value of wheat bran (WB) in broiler chicks. Trial 1 determined retention of nutrients and apparent metabolizable energy corrected by nitrogen (AMEn). One reference diet (RD) protein-free (85% corn based) was fortified to determine the WB nutrient retention coefficient...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
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