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Minerals and vitamins

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633872/frozen-yogurt-and-ice-cream-were-less-healthy-than-yogurt-and-adding-toppings-reduced-their-nutrition-value-evidence-from-1999-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#1
Ruopeng An, Ning Jiang
It was hypothesized that frozen yogurt and ice cream would be less healthy than yogurt. We examined daily energy and nutrient intake from yogurt, frozen yogurt, and ice cream among US adults. In-person 24-hour dietary recall data (n=6453) came from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Regression analyses were performed to examine the differences in energy/nutrient intake from frozen yogurt and ice cream (with/without toppings) in comparison to yogurt. Approximately 5.3%, 0.9%, and 14...
June 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631133/bone-density-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-observation-from-south-india
#2
Shiraz Salim Khan, Sagar S Patil
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) frequently manifests in the second and third decades of life. Malnutrition and corticosteroid therapy may affect bone mineralization and delay bone growth. Our aim was to study bone mineral density and factors associated low bone mineral density (BMD) in pediatric CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study in children with CD (aged 5 to <18 years) was done. Demographic and treatment details were noted. Vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL were considered as deficiency...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#3
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#4
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628374/effects-of-a-multispecies-probiotic-supplement-on-bone-health-in-osteopenic-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#5
Sadegh Jafarnejad, Kurosh Djafarian, Mohammad Reza Fazeli, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Abdolrahman Rostamian, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
OBJECTIVE: The development of alternative approaches to prevent and/or treat osteoporosis, as a chronic progressive bone disease, is being considered currently. Among dietary supplements, probiotics may have favorable effects on bone metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a multispecies probiotic supplementation on bone biomarkers and bone density in osteopenic postmenopausal women. METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 50 patients with osteopenia aged 50-72 years...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627057/vitamin-d-metabolism-in-growing-pigs-influence-of-uvb-irradiation-and-dietary-vitamin-d-supply-on-calcium-homeostasis-its-regulation-and-bone-metabolism
#6
E Kolp, M R Wilkens, W Pendl, B Eichenberger, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to prove whether pigs are able to synthesize vitamin D (vitD) in the skin and to investigate the influence of ultraviolet irradiation (UVB) on vitD status and calcium (Ca) homeostasis of growing pigs. Thirty-two 11-week-old pigs were kept without access to sunlight and divided into four groups receiving the following treatment in a 2 × 2 factorial design: (i) UVB irradiation or not and (ii) vitD in feed or not. Blood, urine and faeces were sampled every third week. In serum, vitD metabolites, Ca, phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg) and bone markers were analysed...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626757/actn3-gene-and-susceptibility-to-sarcopenia-and-osteoporotic-status-in-older-korean-adults
#7
Jinkyung Cho, Inhwan Lee, Hyunsik Kang
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about molecular markers for sarcopenia and osteoporosis in Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association of the ACTN3 polymorphism with sarcopenia and osteoporotic status in older Korean adults. METHODS: Older Korean 62 men and 270 women (mean age 73.7 ± 6.6 years) participated in this study. Body mass index, percent body fatness, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, and bone mineral density of the lumbar spine, femur, and total body were analyzed with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624935/eldecalcitol-an-active-vitamin-d3-derivative-prevents-trabecular-bone-loss-and-bone-fragility-in-type-i-diabetic-model-rats
#8
Satoshi Takeda, Mitsuru Saito, Sadaoki Sakai, Kenji Yogo, Keishi Marumo, Koichi Endo
Diabetes mellitus is known to adversely affect the bones and be associated with increased fracture risk. We examined whether eldecalcitol (ELD), an active vitamin D3 derivative, could inhibit the diabetic bone loss in streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic rats. ELD (10, 20, or 40 ng/kg), alfacalcidol (ALF; 25, 50, or 100 ng/kg), or vehicle was administered 5 times per week for 12 weeks from 1 week after diabetes induction. Normal control rats received the vehicle. Bone turnover markers, bone mineral density (BMD), and biomechanical strength of the lumbar spine and femur were measured, and bone histomorphometry was performed...
June 17, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624135/effectiveness-of-vitamin-k2-on-osteoporosis-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Yuichi Kodama, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Tomohiro Kubota, Yoshifumi Hiroyama, Hiroshi Fukami, Kensuke Matsushita, Yoshifumi Kawano
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis can lead to spontaneous fractures in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) is a useful marker for vitamin K insufficiency in osteoporosis. The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin K2 on bone mineral density (BMD) in adults with CP and vitamin K insufficiency. METHODS: Sixteen adults, median age of 56years, with CP and osteoporosis in whom the serum ucOC concentration exceeded 4...
June 14, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620575/osteoporosis-management-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#10
Alicia M Hinze, Grant H Louie
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is increasingly recognized as a common comorbid condition in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). As low BMD increases fracture risk, it is important to identify and treat low BMD in patients with AS who have been shown to be at increased risk for fractures above the population normal. Since low BMD occurs early in disease, we screen during the first year of diagnosis with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). If patients are found to have osteoporosis by T-score of less than -2.5 or if their Z-score on DXA is more than two standard deviations below the mean, we initiate therapy with bisphosphonates in males and in females who are not planning any future pregnancies...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620477/micronutrient-deficiencies-in-the-elderly-could-ready-meals-be-part-of-the-solution
#11
Richard Hoffman
Micronutrient deficiencies contribute to many age-related disorders. One group at particular risk of micronutrient deficiencies is the elderly. Many elderly, such as the frail and those living in institutions, rely on ready meals of variable, often poor, nutritional quality for a significant part of their daily nutritional needs. New policies are needed to ensure that micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and phytochemicals of known nutritional value are retained during the manufacture of ready meals. This together with increased awareness of the importance of micronutrients for health, and simple, clear labelling of the micronutrient content of ready meals would help in the choice of healthier products...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619127/bone-mineral-disturbances-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-5-not-yet-on-dialysis
#12
Andreja Marn Pernat, Matej Zrimšek
AIMS: This retrospective study evaluates the success of a treatment strategy for secondary hyperparathyroidism in our cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 who were not yet on dialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 81 predialysis patients from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Nephrology, University Medical Center Ljubljana were reviewed. We focused on serum markers for bone mineral metabolism including intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), phosphate, corrected calcium, and the usage of phosphate-binding agents and vitamin D analogs...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616217/is-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-associated-with-the-presence-of-endothelial-progenitor-cells-with-a-calcifying-phenotype
#13
Giuseppe Cianciolo, Irene Capelli, Maria Cappuccilli, Anna Scrivo, Chiara Donadei, Antonio Marchetti, Paola Rucci, Gaetano La Manna
Background: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) has been implicated in vascular calcification pathogenesis. CKD-MBD results in alterations in the number and function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), physiological regulators of angiogenesis and vessel repair, commonly defined as proangiogenic progenitor cells (PACs) by the antigen pattern CD34+CD133+KDR+CD45- and putative EPCs by the pattern CD34+CD133-KDR+CD45-. These cells might acquire a calcifying phenotype in CKD-MBD, expressing mineralization biomarkers...
June 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615947/treatment-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-the-clinical-utility-of-etelcalcetide
#14
REVIEW
Mario Cozzolino, Andrea Galassi, Ferruccio Conte, Michela Mangano, Luca Di Lullo, Antonio Bellasi
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), a very frequent, severe, and worsening complication of chronic kidney disease, is characterized by high serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), parathyroid gland hyperplasia, and disturbances in mineral metabolism. Clinically, SHPT shows renal osteodystrophy, vascular calcification, cardiovascular damage, and fatal outcome. Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is the main physiological regulator of PTH secretion; its activation by calcium rapidly inhibits PTH. Another important player in regulating mineral metabolism is vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is under the influence of vitamin D and influences the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate, PTH gene expression, and bone calcium mobilization...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615507/genetic-evaluations-of-chinese-patients-with-odontohypophosphatasia-resulting-from-heterozygosity-for-mutations-in-the-tissue-non-specific-alkaline-phosphatase-gene
#15
Jia Wan, Li Zhang, Tang Liu, Yewei Wang
BACKGROUND: Hypophosphatasia is a rare heritable metabolic disorder characterized by defective bone and tooth mineralization accompanied by a deficiency of tissue-non-specific (liver/bone/kidney) isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase activity, caused by a number of loss-of-function mutations in the alkaline phosphatase liver type gene. We seek to explore the clinical manifestations and identify the mutations associated with the disease in a Chinese odonto- hypophosphatasia family. RESULTS: The proband and his younger brother affected with premature loss of primary teeth at their 2-year-old...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615379/daily-consumption-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-250-%C3%AE-g-iodine-does-not-increase-urinary-iodine-concentrations-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-bangladesh
#16
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Rina Rani Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Barkat Ullah, Mostofa Sarker, Mokbul Hossain, Rebecca T Young, Charles D Arnold, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Maternal iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation is common in Bangladesh.Objective: We evaluated the effect of lipid-based nutrient supplements for pregnant and lactating women (LNS-PL) on urinary iodine concentration (UIC).Methods: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled effectiveness trial in which we enrolled 4011 pregnant women at ≤20 gestational weeks. Women in 48 clusters received iron and folic acid (IFA; 60 mg Fe/d + 400 μg folic acid/d) and women in 16 clusters received LNS-PL (20 g/d, 118 kcal) containing 22 vitamins and minerals (including 250 μg I)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609642/micronutrient-deficiencies-after-bariatric-surgery-an-emphasis-on-vitamins-and-trace-minerals
#17
Jayshil J Patel, Manpreet S Mundi, Ryan T Hurt, Bruce Wolfe, Robert G Martindale
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic with a disproportionate increase in grade III obesity. Bariatric surgery offers an attractive option for sustained weight loss compared with traditional methods such as exercise and diet. Micronutrient deficiencies are common and clinically significant after bariatric surgery. These deficiencies are related to a combination of patient and surgical variables. A thorough understanding of specific micronutrient deficiencies is necessary for early recognition and optimal management...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609132/antioxidant-and-anticancer-properties-of-berries
#18
Bincy Baby, Priya Antony, Ranjit Vijayan
The enduring relationship between dietary patterns and human health has led us to investigate the bioactive components present in fruits and vegetables for a very long time. Berries, notably the popular ones such as strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry and the Indian gooseberry, are among the best known dietary sources due to the presence of a wide range of bioactive nutritive components. Bioactive components in berries include phenolic compounds, flavonoids and tannins apart from vitamins, minerals, sugars and fibers...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609120/understanding-supplement-use-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#19
Vanessa Allom, Barbara Mullan, Allison Clifford, Amanda Rebar
Vitamin and mineral supplement use is increasing worldwide. As evidence of the effects of these practices are equivocal at best, it is important to determine why individuals engage in vitamin and mineral supplement use through the application of a theoretical framework. The aim of this study was to employ temporal self-regulation theory (TST) to establish the determinants of supplement use. A cross-sectional design was used with a sample of 121 individuals who consume vitamins or minerals as dietary supplements...
June 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606868/vitamin-d-endocrinology-of-bone-mineralization
#20
REVIEW
Marjolein van Driel, Johannes P T M van Leeuwen
Bone is a dynamic tissue that is strongly influenced by endocrine factors to restore the balance between bone resorption and bone formation. Bone formation involves the mineralization of the extracellular matrix formed by osteoblasts. In this process the role of vitamin D (1α,25(OH)2D3) is both direct and indirect. The direct effects are enabled via the Vitamin D Receptor (VDR); the outcome is dependent on the presence of other factors as well as origin of the osteoblasts, treatment procedures and species differences...
June 9, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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