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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225201/edible-insects-in-china-utilization-and-prospects
#1
REVIEW
Ying Feng, Xiao-Ming Chen, Min Zhao, Zhao He, Long Sun, Cheng-Ye Wang, Wei-Feng Ding
The use of edible insects has a long history in China, where they have been consumed for more than two thousand years. In general, the level of acceptance is high for the consumption of insects in China. Many studies on edible insects have been conducted in the last twenty years, and the scope of the research includes the culture of entomophagy and the identification, nutritional value, farming and breeding of edible insects, in addition to food production and safety. Currently, 324 species of insects from 11 orders are documented that are either edible or associated with entomophagy in China, which include the common edible species, some less commonly consumed species, and some medicinal insects...
February 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224159/rice-bran-constituents-immunomodulatory-and-therapeutic-activities
#2
REVIEW
Ho-Young Park, Kwang-Won Lee, Hee-Don Choi
Rice bran, one of the most abundant and valuable byproducts produced during the rice milling process, is of steadily growing interest in recent years due to its potential health benefits. Evidence is rapidly accumulating for the beneficial effects of nutraceuticals. However, the potential benefits of rice bran are found in several of its bioactive ingredients including oils, polysaccharides, proteins, and micronutrients. In addition, a significant advantage of rice bran is that it contains more than 100 antioxidants and several categories of bioactive phytonutrients, such as polyphenols, phytosterols, tocotrienols, γ-oryzanol, B vitamins, minerals, and trace minerals...
February 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222408/severe-osteoporosis-with-multiple-spontaneous-vertebral-fractures-in-a-young-male-carrying-triple-polymorphisms-in-the-vitamin-d-receptor-collagen-type-1-and-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related-peptide-5-genes
#3
Maria P Yavropoulou, Panagoulia Kollia, Dimitris Chatzidimitriou, Stavroula Samara, Lemonia Skoura, John G Yovos
: Osteoporosis is a common disease with a strong genetic component. Several studies have reported the vitamin D receptor (VDR), collagen type I (COL1A1), and LDL receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) genes as the most likely candidates. However, most of the studies have been carried out in postmenopausal women and older men and show inconsistent results. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 26-year old male who presented with severe back pain of acute onset, unrelated to any kind of trauma, and diffuse myalgia...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222407/parathyroid-hormone-response-to-severe-vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-femoral-neck-bone-mineral-density-an-observational-study-of-405-women-with-hip-fracture
#4
Marco Di Monaco, Carlotta Castiglioni, Rosa Tappero
OBJECTIVE: Hip-fracture patients with vitamin D deficiency can have either secondary hyperparathyroidism or normal levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH). We hypothesized that bone mineral density (BMD) could be lower in patients with high PTH levels than in those with normal levels of PTH, irrespectively of the severity of vitamin D depletion. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, we examined 405 women who had serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D below 12ng/ml 20.0 ± 5.9 (mean ± SD) days after a hip-fracture...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222031/a-retrospective-analysis-of-longitudinal-changes-in-bone-mineral-content-in-cystic-fibrosis
#5
Adela Chirita-Emandi, Sheila Shepherd, Andreas Kyriakou, Jane D McNeilly, Carol Dryden, Donna Corrigan, Anne Devenny, Syed Faisal Ahmed
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the longitudinal changes in bone mineral content and influencing factors, in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: One hundred children (50 females) had dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed. Of these, 48 and 24 children had two to three scans, respectively over 10 years of follow-up. DXA data were expressed as lumbar spine bone mineral content standard deviation score (LSBMCSDS) adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity and bone area...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220550/metabolomic-profiling-in-umbilical-venous-plasma-reveals-effects-of-dietary-rumen-protected-arginine-or-n-carbamylglutamate-supplementation-in-nutrient-restricted-hu-sheep-during-pregnancy
#6
L Sun, H Zhang, Y Fan, Y Guo, G Zhang, H Nie, F Wang
Maternal nutrient restriction during pregnancy is a major problem worldwide for human and animal production. Arginine (Arg) is critical to health, growth and reproduction. N-carbamylglutamate (NCG), a key enzyme in arginine synthesis, is not extensively degraded in rumen. The aim of this study was to investigate ameliorating effects of rumen-protected arginine (RP-Arg) and NCG supplementation on dietary in undernourished Hu sheep during gestation. From day 35 to 110 of gestation, 32 Hu ewes carrying twin foetuses were randomly divided into four groups: a control (CG) group (n = 8; fed 100% National Research Council (NRC) requirements for pregnant sheep), a nutrient-restricted (RG) group (n = 8; fed 50% NRC requirements, which included 50% mineral-vitamin mixture) and two treatment (Arg and NCG) groups (n = 8; fed 50% NRC requirements supplemented with 20 g/day RP-Arg or 5 g/day NCG, which included 50% mineral-vitamin mixture)...
February 20, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220389/polymorphisms-in-key-bone-modulator-cytokines-genes-influence-bisphosphonates-therapy-in-postmenopausal-women
#7
C A D Lima, N R Javorski, A P O Souza, A D Barbosa, A P M C Valença, S Crovella, P R E Souza, J De Azevedo Silva, P Sandrin-Garcia
Osteoporosis is a multifactorial and debilitating disease resulting from decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and loss of tissue microarchitecture. Ineffective therapies may lead to bone fractures and subsequent death. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in key immune regulator genes have been associated with therapeutic response to bisphosphonates, which are the first therapeutic line of choice for osteoporosis. However, cytokine pathways and their relation with therapeutic adhesion remain to be fully elucidated...
February 21, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217907/diet-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-symptoms-survey-results-from-a-rheumatoid-arthritis-registry
#8
Sara K Tedeschi, Michelle Frits, Jing Cui, Zhi Zack Zhang, Taysir Mahmoud, Christine Iannaccone, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Kazuki Yoshida, Michael E Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Patients with RA often ask if specific foods, popularized as "inflammatory" or "anti-inflammatory," can improve or worsen their RA. We surveyed patients regarding diet and RA symptoms. METHODS: We mailed a diet survey to 300 subjects in a single-center RA registry at a large academic center. Subjects were asked whether they consume each of 20 foods and whether these foods make their RA symptoms better, worse, or unchanged. Semi-annual registry data include demographics, medications, comorbidities, and disease activity scores...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217867/effects-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-vitamin-d-binding-protein-on-bone-mineral-density-and-disease-activity-in-malaysian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Tze Hao Wong, Esha Das Gupta, Ammu K Radhakrishnan, Suk Chyn Gun, Gandhi Chembalingam, Swan Sim Yeap
AIM: Vitamin D3 [25(OH)D] has been shown to be important in bone health and can influence rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity. Vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) levels vary with race and may modulate 'bioavailable' levels of 25(OH)D. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between 25(OH)D, VDBP and clinical factors on bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of multi-ethnic Malaysian RA patients and healthy controls. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 77 female RA patients and 29 controls was performed...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217672/effects-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-daily-calcium-intake-on-bone-mineral-density-and-osteoporosis-in-korean-postmenopausal-woman
#10
Seung Joo Chon, Yae Kyu Koh, Jin Young Heo, Jinae Lee, Min Kyoung Kim, Bo Hyon Yun, Byung Seok Lee, Seok Kyo Seo
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the combined effects of vitamin D and daily calcium intake on bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis in Korean postmenopausal women. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study consisting of 1,921 Korean postmenopausal women aged 45 to 70 years without thyroid dysfunction, from the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Participants were classified into six groups according to serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and daily calcium intake...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217519/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-associated-risk-factors-among-children-residing-at-high-altitude-in-shimla-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#11
Umesh Kapil, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Ravinder Goswami, Brij Sharma, Neetu Sharma, Lakshmy Ramakrishnan, Gajendra Singh, Neha Sareen, Hem Chandra Sati, Aakriti Gupta, Nighat Yaseen Sofi
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D is important for bone development in children. A high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) has been documented from different parts of India. However, limited data are available on VDD among children residing at high altitude region of country. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of VDD and associated risk factors among children in the age group of 6-18 years in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the year 2014-2015...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217392/bariatric-bypasses-contribute-to-loss-of-bone-mineral-density-but-reduce-axial-back-pain-in-morbidly-obese-patients-considering-spine-surgery
#12
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Many spine surgeons recommend stringent weight loss, including bariatric bypass procedures, prior to "elective" spine surgery (should not be for axial back pain alone) in morbidly obese patients (defined by a body mass index (BMI) of >40 mg/kg(2) or >35 mg/kg(2) with two or more major comorbidities) to reduce their greater risk for major perioperative complications. Although bypasses typically lead to marked weight reduction and even reduced axial back pain, they also promote unrecognized and often insufficiently treated vitamin D deficiency and loss of bone mineral density...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216955/patterns-of-prescription-drugs-use-among-pregnant-women-at-sultan-qaboos-university-hospital-and-sultan-qaboos-university-hospital-family-and-community-medicine-clinic-oman
#13
J Z Al-Hamimi, K A Al Balushi
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the patterns of prescription drugs use among women attending antenatal clinic at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) and SQUH Family and Community Medicine clinic (FAMCO), Oman. METHODS: The study was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study on pregnant women who attended the antenatal clinic at SQUH and FAMCO from February to April 2014 and received a prescription containing at least one drug. Patients' information was extracted from SQUH electronic records...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216567/wine-flavonoids-in-health-and-disease-prevention
#14
Iva Fernandes, Rosa Pérez-Gregorio, Susana Soares, Nuno Mateus, Victor de Freitas
Wine, and particularly red wine, is a beverage with a great chemical complexity that is in continuous evolution. Chemically, wine is a hydroalcoholic solution (~78% water) that comprises a wide variety of chemical components, including aldehydes, esters, ketones, lipids, minerals, organic acids, phenolics, soluble proteins, sugars and vitamins. Flavonoids constitute a major group of polyphenolic compounds which are directly associated with the organoleptic and health-promoting properties of red wine. However, due to the insufficient epidemiological and in vivo evidences on this subject, the presence of a high number of variables such as human age, metabolism, the presence of alcohol, the complex wine chemistry, and the wide array of in vivo biological effects of these compounds suggest that only cautious conclusions may be drawn from studies focusing on the direct effect of wine and any specific health issue...
February 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216151/vitamin-d-in-adolescents-are-current-recommendations-enough
#15
Taryn J Smith, Susan A Lanham-New, Kathryn H Hart
Vitamin D is essential for bone development during adolescence and low vitamin D status during this critical period of growth may impact bone mineralization, potentially reducing peak bone mass and consequently increasing the risk of osteoporosis in adulthood. Therefore, the high prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy and deficiency in adolescent populations is of great concern. However, there is currently a lack of consensus on the 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration, the widely accepted biomarker of vitamin D status, that defines adequacy, and the vitamin D intake requirements to maintain various 25(OH)D thresholds are not well established...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214289/bone-health-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hema Chagarlamudi, Alastair Corbett, Marion Stoll, Genila Bibat, Carla Grosmann, Carly Matichak Stock, Nikia Stinson, Jay Shapiro, Kathryn Wagner
INTRODUCTION: We provide a comprehensive overview of bone health in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: Ninety-four adult individuals with FSHD1 from two sites were included in this cross-sectional study. Clinical characteristics and determinants of bone health were examined. Relationships between bone mineral density (BMD), strength and function were explored. RESULTS: Nearly a third of subjects were deficient in vitamin D3...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212898/low-serum-iron-is-associated-with-high-serum-intact-fgf23-in-elderly-men-the-swedish-mros-study
#17
Catharina Lewerin, Östen Ljunggren, Herman Nilsson-Ehle, Magnus K Karlsson, Hans Herlitz, Mattias Lorentzon, Claes Ohlsson, Dan Mellström
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF23) is a protein that is produced by osteoblasts and osteocytes. Increased serum levels of FGF23 have been associated with increased risks of osteoporotic fractures and cardiovascular disease, particularly in participants with poor renal function. Serum iron (Fe) has been suggested as a regulator of FGF23 homeostasis. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Fe and iron status are determinants of the levels of intact FGF23 (iFGF23) in elderly men...
February 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212560/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-in-cancer-patients-an-italian-multicenter-survey
#18
Massimiliano Berretta, Chiara Della Pepa, Paolo Tralongo, Alberto Fulvi, Ferdinando Martellotta, Arben Lleshi, Guglielmo Nasti, Rossella Fisichella, Carmela Romano, Chiara De Divitiis, Rosaria Taibi, Francesco Fiorica, Raffaele Di Francia, Anna Di Mari, Lino Del Pup, Anna Crispo, Paolo De Paoli, Adriano Santorelli, Vincenzo Quagliariello, Rosario Vincenzo Iaffaioli, Umberto Tirelli, Gaetano Facchini
INTRODUCTION: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) include a wide range of products (herbs, vitamins, minerals, and probiotics) and medical practices, developed outside of the mainstream Western medicine. Patients with cancer are more likely to resort to CAM first or then in their disease history; the potential side effects as well as the costs of such practices are largely underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We conducted a descriptive survey in five Italian hospitals involving 468 patients with different malignancies...
December 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209162/fatty-acid-and-cholesterol-profiles-hypocholesterolemic-atherogenic-and-thrombogenic-indices-of-broiler-meat-in-the-retail-market
#19
Youssef A Attia, Mohammed A Al-Harthi, Mohamed A Korish, Mohamed M Shiboob
BACKGROUND: Broiler meat is an essential source of food due to its favourable effects on human health derived from its protein, fats, minerals, vitamins and its bioactive components. METHODS: A total of 90 carcasses were collected from the retail market in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia during April, May and June 2014 to determine the effects of meat type (frozen vs. fresh) and sources within fresh types (A, B, C) vs. frozen types (D, E and F) on their fatty acid profiles, cholesterol, their hypocholesterolemic, atherogenic and thrombogenic indices, and on their antioxidants' status...
February 16, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#20
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
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