keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

debate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793094/effects-of-chronic-antipsychotic-drug-exposure-on-the-expression-of-translocator-protein-and-inflammatory-markers-in-rat-adipose-tissue
#2
Anita Calevro, Marie-Caroline Cotel, Sridhar Natesan, Michel Modo, Anthony C Vernon, Valeria Mondelli
The precise effect of antipsychotic drugs on either central or peripheral inflammation remains unclear. An important issue in this debate is to what extent the known peripheral metabolic effects of antipsychotics, including increased adiposity, may contribute to increased inflammation. Adipose tissue is known to contribute to the development of systemic inflammation, which can eventually lead to insulin resistance and metabolic dysregulation. As a first step to address this question, we evaluated whether chronic exposure to clinically comparable doses of haloperidol or olanzapine resulted in the immune activation of rat adipose tissue...
May 16, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792786/imageless-navigation-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-evaluation-of-operative-time
#3
Epaminondas Markos Valsamis, David Ricketts, Adnan Hussain, Amir-Reza Jenabzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Imageless navigation has been successfully integrated in knee arthroplasty but its effectiveness in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been debated. It has consistently been shown that navigation adds significant time and cost to the operation. Further, the relative success of traditional hip replacements has impeded the adoption of new techniques. METHODS: We compared the operative time between fifty total hip replacements with and without the use of imageless navigation by a single senior surgeon in a retrospective study...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792780/cardiovascular-screening-practices-and-attitudes-from-the-ncaa-autonomous-power-5-conferences
#4
Christopher W Miars, Andreas Stamatis, Grant B Morgan, Jonathan A Drezner
BACKGROUND: The development of athlete-specific electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation standards, along with recent rates of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes being higher than previously estimated, has heightened the debate in the sports medicine community regarding cardiovascular screening of the college athlete, including whether certain high-risk subsets, such as male basketball athletes, should undergo more intensive screening. HYPOTHESIS: ECG and/or echocardiography screening in National Collegiate Athletic Association Autonomous 5 Division I (A5DI) schools will be more common than previous reports, and there will be more frequent use of noninvasive cardiac screening for men's basketball players than the general athlete population...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792524/managing-comorbid-cardiovascular-disease-and-sleep-apnea-with-pharmacotherapy
#5
Jacek Wolf, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
Highly prevalent sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been recognized as an independent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Although these two entities often coexist, there is a shortage of sufficiently-powered studies testing the interplay between the course of sleep apnea and CVD pharmacotherapy. The mutual relationship between treated/untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with ongoing cardiovascular pharmacotherapies is an evident gap in clinical expertise. Areas covered: In this article, the authors review the available evidence and outline future research directions concerning the reciprocal relationship between the pharmacological treatment of CVD and SDB...
May 24, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792486/okay-to-say-initial-validation-of-the-acceptability-of-racial-microaggressions-scale
#6
Yara Mekawi, Nathan R Todd
Despite a growing body of research documenting the negative impact of racial microaggressions on racial and ethnic minorities' wellbeing, there remains debate in society about whether it is acceptable to say racially microaggressive statements. However, no scale exists to assess attitudes about the acceptability of saying such statements. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present an initial validation of a new scale, the Acceptability of Racial Microaggressions Scale (ARMS), which assesses attitudes about how "okay" it is for White individuals to say different types of racially microaggressive statements to racial and ethnic minorities in an interpersonal interaction...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792447/the-source-model-of-group-threat-responding-to-internal-and-external-threats
#7
Katharine H Greenaway, Tegan Cruwys
We introduce a model of group threat that articulates the opposing effects of intergroup (between-groups) and intragroup (within-group) threat on identity processes and group relations. The source model of group threat argues that the perceived source of a threat is critical in predicting its consequences, such that perceptions of intergroup threat will strengthen (in)group identity processes and relations, whereas perceptions of intragroup threat has the potential to undermine the same. In addition to reviewing the large literature on intergroup threat and a smaller body of unsynthesized work on intragroup threat, we discuss how these processes are captured in representations of monsters (aliens, vampires, and zombies) in popular media and how these ideas can inform interpretation of current political debates, such as those around homegrown terrorism...
May 24, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792284/influence-of-large-hiatus-hernia-on-cardiac-volumes-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#8
Pamela Milito, Massimo Lombardi, Emanuele Asti, Gianluca Bonitta, Dario Fina, Francesco Bandera, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Large hiatus hernia (LHH) is often associated with post-prandial dyspnea, palpitations or chest discomfort, but its effect on cardiac volumes and performance is still debated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Before and 3-months after laparoscopic repair, 35 patients underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the fasting state and after a standardized meal. Preoperatively, LHH size increased significantly after meal (p < 0.010). Compared to the fasting state, a systematic trend of volume reduction of the cardiac chambers was observed...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791718/alopecia-areata-a-review-of-disease-pathogenesis
#9
REVIEW
F Rajabi, L A Drake, M M Senna, N Rezaei
Alopecia areata is a disorder that results in non-scarring hair loss. The psychological impact can be significant, leading to feelings of depression and social isolation. The disease remains incurable though it has been studied for years. Available treatment options at best, are beneficial for milder cases, and the rate of relapse is high. Understanding the exact mechanisms of hair loss in alopecia areata is therefore of utmost importance to help identify potential therapeutic targets. The main theory of alopecia areata pathogenesis is that it is an autoimmune phenomenon resulting from a disruption in hair follicle immune privilege...
May 23, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791211/-knowing-where-i-am-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-in-diabetes
#10
Danny Meetoo, Louise Wong, Tughreed Fatani
Although the prevalence of all types of chronic conditions is increasing, diabetes is one of the few long-term metabolic disorders that individuals can successfully manage, monitor and control on a day-to-day basis. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is considered an essential component of diabetes self-care management. When used appropriately, SMBG can help to identify factors associated with hyper- and hypoglycaemia, facilitate learning, and empower people with diabetes to make changes to improve their glycaemic control...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790840/guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-for-antimicrobial-therapy
#11
Phoebe C M Williams, James A Berkley
Background Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects nearly 20 million children worldwide and is responsible for up to 1 million deaths per year in children under the age of 5 years. Current WHO guidelines recommend oral amoxicillin for children with uncomplicated malnutrition and parenteral benzylpenicillin and gentamicin for those with complicated malnutrition. Because of cost pressures and increasing antimicrobial resistance, the administration of empirical antibiotics for children with SAM has recently been debated...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790246/a-review-of-predation-as-a-limiting-factor-for-bird-populations-in-mesopredator-rich-landscapes-a-case-study-of-the-uk
#12
Staffan Roos, Jennifer Smart, David W Gibbons, Jeremy D Wilson
The impact of increasing vertebrate predator numbers on bird populations is widely debated among the general public, game managers and conservationists across Europe. However, there are few systematic reviews of whether predation limits the population sizes of European bird species. Views on the impacts of predation are particularly polarised in the UK, probably because the UK has a globally exceptional culture of intensive, high-yield gamebird management where predator removal is the norm. In addition, most apex predators have been exterminated or much depleted in numbers, contributing to a widely held perception that the UK has high numbers of mesopredators...
May 22, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790217/a-sonographic-classification-and-reporting-system-for-diagnosing-adenomyosis
#13
EDITORIAL
Thierry Van den Bosch, Annefleur M de Bruijn, Robert A de Leeuw, Margit Dueholm, Caterina Exacoustos, Lil Valentin, Tom Bourne, D Timmerman, Judith A F Huirne
OBJECTIVE: To develop a uniform classification and standardized reporting system of ultrasound findings of adenomyosis using the Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment (MUSA) criteria. METHOD: The opinion presented in this manuscript was built based on a thorough discussion among all authors, including a Delphi procedure. Selected images and videos of typical cases of the different morphological variations of adenomyosis were used in the debates. RESULTS: A classification and reporting system of different types of adenomyosis based on ultrasound was agreed upon including (1) identification of adenomyosis based on MUSA criteria, (2) disease location (anterior, posterior, left lateral, right lateral, fundal), (3) classification of the lesions as focal or diffuse, (4) presence or absence of intralesional cysts, (5) myometrial layer involvement (junctional zone, myometrium, serosal involvement), (6) disease extent (< 25%, 25-50%, > 50% of uterine volume affected by adenomyosis) and (7) lesion size...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790181/spatial-semantics-cognition-and-their-interaction-a-comparative-study-of-spatial-categorization-in-english-and-korean
#14
Hongoak Yun, Soonja Choi
This study has two goals. First, we present much-needed empirical linguistic data and systematic analyses on the spatial semantic systems in English and Korean, two languages that have been extensively compared to date in the debate on spatial language and spatial cognition. We conduct our linguistic investigation comprehensively, encompassing the domains of tight- and loose-fit as well as containment and support relations. The current analysis reveals both cross-linguistic commonalities and differences: From a common set of spatial features, each language highlights a subset of those features for its principal categorization, and those primary features are importantly different between English and Korean: English speakers categorize events predominantly by containment and support relations (and do so with prepositions), whereas Korean speakers categorize them by tight-fit and loose-fit relations (and do so with verbs), with a further distinction of containment and support within the loose-fit relation...
May 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790034/left-atrial-myocardial-dysfunction-after-chronic-abuse-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-a-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-analysis
#15
Antonello D'Andrea, Juri Radmilovic, Stefano Caselli, Andreina Carbone, Raffaella Scarafile, Simona Sperlongano, Gianpaolo Tocci, Tiziana Formisano, Francesca Martone, Biagio Liccardo, Michele D'Alto, Eduardo Bossone, Maurizio Galderisi, Paolo Golino
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are used by power athletes to improve performance. However, the real effects of the chronic consumption of AAS on cardiovascular structures are subjects of intense debate. To detect by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) underlying left atrial (LA) dysfunction in athletes abusing AAS and assess possible correlation between LA myocardial function and exercise capacity during cardiopulmonary stress test. 65 top-level competitive bodybuilders were selected (45 males), including 35 athletes misusing AAS for at least 5 years (users), 30 anabolic-free bodybuilders (non-users), compared to 40 age- and sex-matched healthy sedentary controls...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789932/the-cognitive-nuances-of-surprising-events-exposure-to-unexpected-stimuli-elicits-firing-variations-in-neurons-of-the-dorsal-ca1-hippocampus
#16
Ornella Valenti, Nace Mikus, Thomas Klausberger
The ability to recognize novel situations is among the most fascinating and vital of the brain functions. A hypothesis posits that encoding of novelty is prompted by failures in expectancy, according to computation matching incoming information with stored events. Thus, unexpected changes in context are detected within the hippocampus and transferred to downstream structures, eliciting the arousal of the dopamine system. Nevertheless, the precise locus of detection is a matter of debate. The dorsal CA1 hippocampus (dCA1) appears as an ideal candidate for operating a mismatch computation and discriminating the occurrence of diverse stimuli within the same environment...
May 22, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789436/low-vulnerability-to-xylem-embolism-in-leaves-and-stems-of-north-american-oaks
#17
Robert Paul Skelton, Todd E Dawson, Sally E Thompson, Yuzheng Shen, Andrew P Weitz, David Ackerly
Although recent findings suggest that xylem embolism represents a significant, drought-induced damaging process in land plants, substantial debate surrounds the capacity of long-vesselled, ring-porous species to resist embolism. We investigated whether recent methodological developments could help resolve this controversy within Quercus, a long-vesselled, ring-porous temperate angiosperm genus, and shed further light on the importance of xylem vulnerability to embolism as an indicator of drought tolerance. We used the optical technique to quantify leaf and stem xylem vulnerability to embolism of eight Quercus species from the Mediterranean-type climate region of California, USA, to examine absolute measures of resistance to embolism as well as any potential hydraulic segmentation between tissue types...
May 22, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789425/a-heterodimer-formed-by-bone-morphogenetic-protein-9-bmp9-and-bmp10-provides-most-bmp-biological-activity-in-plasma
#18
Emmanuelle Tillet, Marie Ouarné, Agnès Desroches-Castan, Christine Mallet, Mariela Subileau, Robin Didier, Anna Lioutsko, Guillaume Belthier, Jean-Jacques Feige, Sabine Bailly
Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) and BMP10 are the two high-affinity ligands for the endothelial receptor activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) and are key regulators of vascular remodeling. They are both present in the blood, but their respective biological activities are still a matter of debate. The aim of the present work was to characterize their circulating forms to better understand how their activities are regulated in vivo. First, by cotransfecting BMP9 and BMP10, we found that both can form a disulfide-bonded heterodimer in vitro and that this heterodimer is functional on endothelial cells via ALK1...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789105/oral-anticoagulation-in-chronic-kidney-disease-and-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Gunnar H Heine, Vincent Brandenburg, Stephan H Schirmer
BACKGROUND: Cardiological societies recommend, in their guidelines, that patients with atrial fibrillation and an intermediate (or higher) risk of stroke and systemic embolization should be treated with oral anticoagulant drugs. For patients who do not have mitral valve stenosis or a mechanical valve prosthesis, non-vitamin-K dependent oral anticoagulants (NOAC) are preferred over vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for this purpose. It is unclear, however, whether patients with chronic kidney disease and atrial fibrillation benefit from oral anticoagulation to the same extent as those with normal kidney function...
April 27, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788944/bronchiectasis-an-emerging-global-epidemic
#20
EDITORIAL
Sanjay H Chotirmall, James D Chalmers
Bronchiectasis has an increasing profile within respiratory medicine. This chronic and irreversible airways disease is common but suffers from a lack of evidenced based therapy for patients and, a lack of understanding of its inherent heterogeneity. Research focused on bronchiectasis must therefore be prioritized if we are to adequately address this evolving clinical problem. This special issue on bronchiectasis focuses on its clinical, microbiological and therapeutic aspects. By bringing together a unique collection of original research and review articles, we hope this issue will showcase international research efforts, encourage future research collaborations and stimulate debate...
May 22, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
keyword
keyword
117724
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"