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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860601/italian-consensus-statement-for-the-use-of-allografts-in-acl-reconstructive-surgery
#1
Corrado Bait, Pietro Randelli, Riccardo Compagnoni, Paolo Ferrua, Rocco Papalia, Filippo Familiari, Andrea Tecame, Paolo Adravanti, Ezio Adriani, Enrico Arnaldi, Franco Benazzo, Massimo Berruto, Giovanni Bonaspetti, Gian Luigi Canata, Pier Paolo Canè, Araldo Causero, Giancarlo Coari, Matteo Denti, Maristella Farè, Andrea Ferretti, Marco Fravisini, Francesco Giron, Alberto Gobbi, Vincenzo Madonna, Andrea Manunta, Pier Paolo Mariani, Claudio Mazzola, Giuseppe Milano, Luigi Pederzini, Flavio Quaglia, Mario Ronga, Herbert Schönhuber, Giacomo Stefani, Piero Volpi, Giacomo Zanon, Raul Zini, Claudio Zorzi, Stefano Zaffagnini
PURPOSE: Graft choice for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) is debated, with considerable controversy and variability among surgeons. Autograft tendons are actually the most used grafts for primary surgery; however, allografts have been used in greater frequency for both primary and revision ACL surgery over the past decade. Given the great debate on the use of allografts in ACL-R, the "Allografts for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction" consensus statement was developed among orthopedic surgeons and members of SIGASCOT (Società Italiana del Ginocchio, Artroscopia, Sport, Cartilagine, Tecnologie Ortopediche), with extensive experience in ACL-R, to investigate their habits in the use of allograft in different clinical situations...
June 2, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767809/pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#2
Alexia G Gagliardi, Jay C Albright
The rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures diagnosed among the pediatric and adolescent population is increasing. The rise in ACL injuries may be attributed to earlier sports specialization, year-round sports participation, increased awareness, and improved ability to diagnose the injury. Treatment options for pediatric or adolescent ACL injuries include nonoperative conservative treatment, ACL repair, or various techniques for ACL reconstruction. The best course of treatment for ACL rupture in young patients continues to be debated...
May 1, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556269/leukocyte-depletion-does-not-affect-the-in-vitro-healing-ability-of-platelet-rich-plasma
#3
Ilaria Giusti, Marianna Di Francesco, Sandra D'Ascenzo, Paola Palumbo, Anna Rughetti, Luigi Dell'Orso, Paola Annunziata Varasano, Gabriella Lucidi Pressanti, Vincenza Dolo
The clinical use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) containing or deprived of leukocytes remains a subject of debate and a controversial issue. It is not yet clear whether leukocyte content has a positive or negative effect on tissue healing processes. Several studies, conducted mainly in the orthopedic field, support the use of leukocyte-poor (LP) PRP, whereas other studies have not identified any significant differences between the use of LP and leukocyte-rich PRP. In the present study, the role of leukocytes contained in PRP was assessed to verify their in vitro effect on fibroblasts and endothelial cells, which have a leading role in the biological processes associated with wound healing (including angiogenesis and matrix remodeling)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463360/severe-arthritic-changes-following-acetabular-labral-repair-and-femoroplasty-in-an-air-force-pilot
#4
Christopher J Sardon, Mathew L Resnick
BACKGROUND: Acetabular labral tears in the hip have become an increasingly common finding in active duty members due to improved diagnostic capabilities. This has led to a dramatic increase in operative management despite a lack of evidence to support clear long-term benefits. Literature review demonstrated overwhelmingly positive short-term outcomes for labral repairs; however, scattered case reports exist demonstrating debilitating outcomes in young patients, ultimately resulting in total hip arthroplasty...
February 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372399/does-my-patient-have-a-pulmonary-embolism-the-wells-vs-pisa-2-rule-in-orthopedic-patients
#5
Linda A Russell, Alana E Sigmund, Jackie Szymonifka, Shari T Jawetz, Sarah E Grond, Shirin A Dey, Anne R Bass
The diagnosis of venous thromboembolism is difficult in the postoperative setting because signs such as hypoxemia, leg pain, and swelling are so common. CTPA can also detect subsegmental PE (SSPE), of which the clinical significance has been widely debated. Clinical decision rules (CDR), such as the Wells and PISA 2, have been developed to identify symptomatic patients at low risk for PE who could forgo imaging. We performed this study in order to (1) compare the performance of the Wells and PISA 2 CDR in orthopedic patients; (2) compare CDR scores in patients with subsegmental PE (SSPE) versus larger clots; and (3) identify variables that improve performance of the Wells in orthopedic patients...
April 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241963/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-pediatric-surgery-how-and-when-to-use
#6
REVIEW
Lisieux Eyer de Jesus, Alana Bandeira Martins, Pablo Baptista Oliveira, Fernanda Gomes, Thais Leve, Samuel Dekermacher
INTRODUCTION: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been widely adopted to treat laparostomy, abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and complicated wounds associated with tissue loss. The method presents specific aspects, advantages and indications in Pediatrics. Our aim is to review the evidence available about NPWT in children. METHODS: Active search for papers about NPWT in Pediatric patients. Papers referring to orthopedic problems, wound complications after Cardiac Surgery or burns were excluded...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189125/use-of-antibiotic-loaded-biomaterials-for-the-management-of-bone-prosthesis-infections-rationale-and-limits
#7
Matilde Tschon, Maria Sartori, Deyanira Contartese, Gianluca Giavaresi, Nicolo Nicoli Aldini, Milena Fini
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection still represents a challenging issue for the orthopedic community. In the United States approximately a million joint arthroplasties are performed each year, with infection rates ranging from 1 to 2%: revisions has significant implications in health care costs and appropriate resources management. The use of locally applied antibiotics as a prophylaxis measure or as a component of the therapeutic approach in primary or revision surgery is finalized at eliminating any microorganism and strengthening the effectiveness of systemic therapy...
November 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173561/the-anterolateral-ligament-does-exist-an-anatomic-description
#8
REVIEW
Stefano Zaffagnini, Alberto Grassi, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Federico Raggi, Matteo Romagnoli, Alice Bondi, Salvatore Calderone, Cecilia Signorelli
The debate around the existence, anatomy, and role of the so-called anterolateral ligament of the knee represents one of the main sources of recent controversy among orthopedic surgeons. In the modern era of sports medicine, several content experts have contributed to the understanding of the anatomy of the anterolateral aspect of the knee. This article analyzes the historical, phylogenetic, anatomic, arthroscopic, and radiological evidence regarding the anterolateral ligament. The existence of the anterolateral ligament as a distinct ligamentous structure and its exact anatomic features are still matters of controversy and ongoing study...
January 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169720/treatment-of-radial-head-fractures-and-need-for-revision-procedures-at-1-and-2-years
#9
Eli S Kupperman, Asher I Kupperman, Scott A Mitchell
PURPOSE: Optimal treatment strategies for radial head fractures remain a subject of debate. We examined national practice patterns in the management of radial head fractures to determine rates of surgical treatment, type of surgery employed, and the incidence of reoperation. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, we identified patients with radial head fractures along with their associated injuries by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes in a national database of orthopedic insurance records...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140170/clinical-diagnostic-tests-versus-mri-diagnosis-of-acl-tears
#10
Megan P Brady, Windee Weiss
CLINICAL SCENARIO: A common injury among elite, recreational, and youth athletes is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.1 Approximately 200,000 ACL injuries occur every year.2 The gold standard in ACL injury evaluation is diagnostic arthroscopy,3,4 however the diagnostic accuracy of clinical diagnostic tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is debatable.1,3-6 Due to the frequency of knee injury,3 MRI is a common diagnostic tool used for imaging and diagnosis5 . ACL tears are also diagnosed using clinical diagnostic tests...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130653/-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-posterior-distal-injury-of-pelvic-fracture
#11
REVIEW
Zhen Tan, Guang-Lin Wang
Pelvic fracture is one of the common diseases of traumatic orthopedics. With the increase of accidents such as traffic accidents,high craters and crush injuries in China,the incidence of pelvic fractures is also increasing year by year. Since pelvic bones and the ligament structure are close to neurovascular,cavity organs and the urogenital structure,early diagnosis and treatment of pelvic fractures is essential for preventing early complications and late sequelae. The treatment of pelvic ring injury has been the focus of pelvic fracture treatment,which determines the outcome of treatment...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116324/displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-classification-and-treatment
#12
Ning Wei, Yabin Zhou, Wenli Chang, Yingze Zhang, Wei Chen
The calcaneus is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. Displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures are usually caused by a fall from height with one or both heels directly hitting the ground. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures are complex and highly disabling injuries. There is ongoing debate regarding the optimal treatment for each type of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fracture. This review aims to summarize the classification of, various treatment options for, prevention of perioperative complications in, and management algorithms for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures...
November 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870453/spinal-cord-tumors-in-children-a-review-of-21-cases-treated-at-the-same-institution
#13
I Merlot, J Francois, J-C Marchal, A Joud, R Guerbouz, P Chastagner, O Klein
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord tumors in children (SCTC) are rare with a frequent diagnostic delay. Its management is multidisciplinary and challenging due to functional implications. The position of surgery is now better established but the role and timing of chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT) still remains under debate. Adverse effects of treatments are important to be taken into account, in the follow-up of these children. The aim of this paper was to present a series of 21 cases of SCTC treated at the same institution, to briefly present clinical features, treatments and outcome, with a special focus on spinal deformities in children with this condition...
September 1, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852331/conversion-total-hip-arthroplasty-after-failed-basicervical-hip-fracture-fixation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Vineet Tyagi, Oluwaseun Akinbo
Proximal femur fractures are a common orthopedic injury, and it is estimated that their prevalence will continue to increase over the next twenty years. There has been much debate over the optimal management of basicervical fractures, which can be difficult to identify radiographically. There is also a role for conversion total hip arthroplasty in patients where fracture fixation fails. We present a case report of a proximal femur fracture managed as a basicervical fracture, and subsequently needing a conversion arthroplasty and revision surgery...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823022/long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#15
REVIEW
A Biggin, C F Munns
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic bone disorder resulting in bone fragility. It has a heterogeneous phenotype which typically includes reduced bone mass, multiple fractures, deformity, and chronic disability. Bisphosphonate treatment remains the first-line medical management, but there is still debate on aspects of its effectiveness. This review summarizes current knowledge about long-term bisphosphonate use in OI with recommendations on clinical application...
October 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738891/pivotal-trials-of-orthopedic-surgical-devices-in-the-united-states-predominance-of-two-arm-non-inferiority-designs
#16
S Raymond Golish
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reviews class III orthopedic devices submitted for premarket approval with pivotal clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to determine the types of orthopedic devices reviewed, the design of their pivotal clinical trials, and the subjective factors affecting the interpretation of clinical trial data. METHODS: Meetings of the FDA Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Devices Panel were identified from 2000-2016...
July 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625096/surgical-technique-and-early-outcomes-of-intramedullary-nailing-of-displaced-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-an-asian-population-using-a-contemporary-straight-nail-design
#17
Toon Dong Hao, Andy Wee Teck Huat
BACKGROUND: Despite being a common orthopedic injury, the optimal management of proximal humeral fractures remains a topic of debate. Although intramedullary nails have been used to treat these fractures, several complications have been reported with older nail devices. We describe our surgical technique and aim to evaluate the early functional and radiological outcomes of displaced Neer's two- to four-part proximal humeral fractures undergoing fixation with a contemporary straight intramedullary nail...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571221/a-comparative-study-of-the-dynamic-hip-screw-the-cemented-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-and-the-proximal-femoral-nail-for-the-treatment-of-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures
#18
Sameer Ajit Mansukhani, Sanesh Vijay Tuteja, Vaibhav B Kasodekar, Shyamlal R Mukhi
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the Intertrochanteric (IT) region are some of the most common fractures encountered by an orthopedic surgeon in his lifetime. With increase in life expectancy, the incidence of these fractures is also increasing. By 2040, the incidence of these fractures is expected to double. Unstable IT fractures are a major cause of concern in the elderly due to the associated increase in morbidity and mortality. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the intraoperative and postoperative parameters using the Dynamic Hip Screw (DHS), the Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty (BH) and the Proximal Femoral Nail (PFN) for the management of unstable IT fractures...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567228/revision-surgery-for-recurrent-pain-after-excision-of-the-accessory-navicular-and-relocation-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon
#19
Hong Joon Choi, Woo Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The results of operative treatments for symptomatic accessory navicular are debatable. In some cases, recurrent pain may develop after the Kidner procedure. The purpose of this study is to review the reasons for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure and to suggest possible options for revision surgery. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and radiological outcomes in 9 patients who underwent revision surgery for recurrent pain after the Kidner procedure...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525491/surgery-for-chronic-traumatic-atlantoaxial-dislocation-associated-with-myelopathy
#20
Lingjun Wang, Yong Gu, Liang Chen, Huilin Yang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of myelopathy caused by atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No reports to date have accurately evaluated the results of surgery for delayed myelopathy for patients with chronic AAD. Thus, the appropriate surgical time and methods of decompression and fusion remain a hot debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 18 patients underwent decompression, fixation, and fusion...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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