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debate arthroplasty

Nathan J Turnbull, Keith R Berend, Vincent Y Ng, Joanne B Adams, David A Crawford, Adolph V Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: The gender-specific total knee arthroplasty (TKA) debate focuses on differences in distal femoral mediolateral to anteroposterior aspect ratio between males and females. However, randomized studies have been unable to demonstrate significant differences in outcomes utilizing gender-specific implants. No studies have examined the effect of intermediate femoral component sizes on outcome. We compared outcomes before and after intermediate sizing availability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 331 patients (413 knees) who underwent primary TKA between 2003 and 2004 with a single complete knee system...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Christoffer C Jørgensen, Henrik Kehlet
Background - The benefit of preoperative bridging in surgical patients with continuous anticoagulant therapy is debatable, and drawing of meaningful conclusions may have been limited by mixed procedures with different thromboembolic and bleeding risks in most published studies. Patients and methods - This was an observational cohort treatment study in consecutive primary unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty patients between January 2010 and November 2013 in 8 Danish fast-track departments. Data were collected prospectively on preoperative comorbidity and anticoagulants in patients with preoperative vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment...
October 19, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Cody C Wyles, Benjamin A McArthur, Eric R Wagner, Matthew T Houdek, Jose H Jimenez-Almonte, Robert T Trousdale
Trunnionosis and taper corrosion have recently emerged as problems in total hip arthroplasty (THA). No longer restricted to metal-on-metal bearings, these phenomena now affect an increasing number of metal-on-polyethylene THAs and are exacerbated by modularity. Resulting increases in metal toxicity and patient morbidity, and the added costs of toxicity surveillance and revision surgery, will place a substantial economic burden on many health systems. Although they are more expensive than cobalt-chrome heads, ceramic femoral heads make metal toxicity a nonissue...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Hyun Jung Kim, Dong Hun Suh, Jae Hyuk Yang, Jin Woo Lee, Hak Jun Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Seung Woo Han, Gi Won Choi
PURPOSE: Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) and ankle arthrodesis (AA) are the main surgical treatment options for end-stage ankle arthritis. Although the superiority of each modality remains debated, there remains a lack of high-quality evidence-based studies, such as randomized controlled clinical trials, and meta-analyses of comparative studies. We performed a meta-analysis of comparative studies to determine whether there is a significant difference between these two procedures in terms of (i) clinical scores and patient satisfaction, (ii) re-operations, and (iii) complications...
October 7, 2016: International Orthopaedics
M Petri, J A Greenspoon, S G Moulton, P J Millett
BACKGROUND: Massive rotator cuff tears in active patients with minimal glenohumeral arthritis remain a particular challenge for the treating surgeon. METHODS: A selective literature search was performed and personal surgical experiences are reported. RESULTS: For patients with irreparable rotator cuff tears, a reverse shoulder arthroplasty or a tendon transfer are often performed. However, both procedures have rather high complication rates and debatable long-term results, particularly in younger patients...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
T Lögters, S Gehrmann, J Windolf
In patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis of the thumb, treatment strategies should be based on functional impairment and pain. Although X‑ray imaging is an integral component of the diagnostics, it is of subordinate importance for the therapy algorithm. Conservative therapy is always the first step in the chain of treatment. The efficacy of non-operative treatment, including intermittent immobilization using splinting and the application of technical assist devices in the daily routine has been proven to achieve pain relief...
September 30, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
S Singh, S Reddy, Raj Shrivastva
This study compared the National Joint Registry for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man (NJR) data for total hip replacements (THRs) and total knee replacements (TKRs) from Hospital A [with laminar airflow (LAF)] and Hospital B (without LAF). These hospitals were originally managed by two different trusts that subsequently merged. Consequently, the theatres in Hospital A have always had LAF and those in Hospital B had only conventional ventilation systems. As this merger happened before the establishment of the NJR, it puts us in a unique position, enabling direct comparison of the revision rates for infected hip and knee replacements between the two hospitals that follow similar infection protocols...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Norberto Confalonieri, Alessio Biazzo, Pietro Cerveri, Chris Pullen, Alfonso Manzotti
PURPOSE: At the beginning of this century, unprecedented interest in the concept of using less invasive approaches for the treatment of knee degenerative diseases was ignited. Initial interest in this approach was about navigated and non-navigated knee reconstruction using small implants and conventional total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: To this end, a review of the published literature relating to less invasive compartmental arthroplasty of the knee using computer-based alignment techniques and on soft tissue-dedicated small implants is presented...
September 15, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Jack W Weick, Harpreet S Bawa, Douglas R Dirschl
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis is increasing in the aging U.S. POPULATION: The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) injections for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis are debated. In this study, we assessed the utilization and costs of HA injections in the 12 months preceding total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and evaluated the usage of HA injections in end-stage knee osteoarthritis management in relation to other treatments...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
K Schmidt-Horlohé, S Buschbeck, D Wincheringer, M Weißenberger, R Hoffmann
Radial head fractures are common injuries in elbow trauma. Non-displaced fractures are best treated conservatively. Simple but displaced fractures require anatomic reduction and fixation, typically using screws. The treatment course for complex fractures with multiple fragments is still being debated, as results are less predictable. Radial head resection is not advised if concomitant injuries of the coronoid process or the collateral ligaments with instability are present. Favorable outcomes following open reduction and fixation using plates were reported recently...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Kang-Il Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
Anna-Maija Jäppinen, Harri Hämäläinen, Tarja Kettunen, Arja Piirainen
The objective of the present study was to explore postoperative patient education in physiotherapy from total hip arthroplasty (THA) patients' perspectives, which has been a little-studied area of research. The usefulness of rehabilitation protocols after THA has been debated over the years, and there are no clear guidelines for physiotherapy after THA METHODS: The data for the present qualitative study were collected from nine patients with THA by using individual interviews at the hospital after surgery. The interviews were audio-recorded and analysed by using a phenomenographic method RESULTS: Four different categories of postoperative patient education in physiotherapy after hip arthroplasty were produced: trust while in hospital; preparing for going home; managing at home; and regaining physical fitness...
September 4, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
Navendu Goyal, Darren B Chen, Ian A Harris, Neville J Rowden, George Kirsh, Samuel J MacDessi
BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is commonly used in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, the most appropriate route of administration is still debated. This study was conducted to compare the 2 most commonly used routes of TXA administration, intravenous (IV) and intra-articular (IA). METHODS: This study was conducted as a double-blind, randomized, noninferiority trial and included patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA. Patients were randomized to receive IV or IA TXA and compared for postoperative fall in hemoglobin (Hb) on day 1 (primary outcome) and day 2, and blood transfusion rates, length of stay, and complications...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Yu Chao Lee, Mario Giuseppe Tedesco Zotti, Orso Lorenzo Osti
Lumbar degenerative disc disease is extremely common. Current evidence supports surgery in carefully selected patients who have failed non-operative treatment and do not exhibit any substantial psychosocial overlay. Fusion surgery employing the correct grafting and stabilization techniques has long-term results demonstrating successful clinical outcomes. However, the best approach for fusion remains debatable. There is some evidence supporting the more complex, technically demanding and higher risk interbody fusion techniques for the younger, active patients or patients with a higher risk of non-union...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Joshua C Rozell, Mark Hasenauer, Derek J Donegan, Mark Neuman
The treatment of hip fractures in the elderly represents a major public health priority and a source of ongoing debate among orthopaedic surgeons and anesthesiologists. Most of these injuries are treated with surgery in an expedient fashion. From the surgical perspective, there are certain special considerations in this population including osteoporosis, pre-existing arthritis, age, activity level, and overall health that contribute to the type of surgical fixation performed. Open reduction and internal fixation versus arthroplasty remain the two major categories of treatment...
2016: F1000Research
R Möbius, S Schleifenbaum, R Grunert, S Löffler, M Werner, T Prietzel, N Hammer
BACKGROUND: The removal of well-fixed acetabular components following THA (total hip arthroplasty) is a difficult operation and could be accompanied by the loss of acetabular bone stock. The optimal method for fixation is still under debate. The aim of this pilot study was to compare the tear-out resistance and failure behavior between osseo-integrated and non-integrated screw cups. Furthermore, we examined whether there are differences in the properties mentioned between screw sockets and cemented polyethylene cups...
October 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Sean S Rajaee, Raminta V Theriault, Mary E Pevear, Eric L Smith
BACKGROUND: The ideal bearing surface for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young patients remains a debate. Data on recent national trends are lacking. The purpose of this study is to provide an analysis on the national epidemiologic trends of bearing surface usage in patients aged ≤30 years undergoing THA from 2009 through 2012. METHODS: Using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2009 to 2012, 9265 THA discharges (4210 coded by bearing surface) were identified in patients aged ≤30 years...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Anne Karelse, Alexander Van Tongel, Tom Van Isacker, Bart Berghs, L De Wilde
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of organization in existing studies on the outcome and complications of total shoulder arthroplasty. As a result, it is difficult to gain substantial evidence regarding the rate and risk factors for the occurrence of glenoid loosening which remains the most common cause of prosthetic failure. To improve the quality of future studies, an agreement should exist on definitions of glenoid loosening and on the potential risk factors. AREAS COVERED: Reviewing the literature, loosening can be defined as the appearance of radiolucent lines, radiological loosening, clinical loosening and revision as the end stage...
August 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Moataz El-Husseiny, Fares S Haddad
BACKGROUND: There is debate around how to treat patients with periprosthetic joint infection of the hip. When there is an ingrown component on one side of the arthroplasty and a loose component on the other, treatment is typically revision of the entire construct. There is an argument to retain an ingrown implant in instances in which removal would result in severe bone damage. However, little has been reported on the likelihood of success with this approach. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Among carefully selected patients presenting with an infected total hip arthroplasty (THA) who were treated with joint débridement and at least partial implant retention: (1) What proportion remained apparently free of infection at a minimum of 5 years of followup? (2) What were the Harris hip scores of patients thus treated? METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2010, a total of 293 patients were treated surgically at one hospital for a periprosthetic joint infection of the hip...
October 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Ilyas S Aleem, Mohit Bhandari, Sebastian Rodriguez Elizalde
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic fractures of the femur after total hip arthroplasty are increasing in frequency. In the polytraumatized patient with long-bone fracture, an ongoing debate exists regarding early definitive stabilization versus initial damage control orthopaedics, followed by delayed fixation. It remains to be seen whether this rationale applies to the polytraumatized patient with periprosthetic fracture. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 73-years old Caucasian woman who sustained bilateral Gustillo-Anderson grade III open femur fractures; the fracture on the right was a Vancouver C open periprosthetic fracture after cemented total hip arthroplasty...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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