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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777741/livestock-guardian-dogs-as-surrogate-top-predators-how-maremma-sheepdogs-affect-a-wildlife-community
#1
Linda van Bommel, Chris N Johnson
Use of livestock guardian dogs (LGDs) to reduce predation on livestock is increasing. However, how these dogs influence the activity of wildlife, including predators, is not well understood. We used pellet counts and remote cameras to investigate the effects of free ranging LGDs on four large herbivores (eastern gray kangaroo, common wombat, swamp wallaby, and sambar deer) and one mesopredator (red fox) in Victoria, Australia. Generalized mixed models and one- and two-species detection models were used to assess the influence of the presence of LGDs on detection of the other species...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342659/guardian-or-threat-does-golden-eagle-predation-risk-have-cascading-effects-on-forest-grouse
#2
Mari S Lyly, Alexandre Villers, Elina Koivisto, Pekka Helle, Tuomo Ollila, Erkki Korpimäki
Previous studies on intraguild predation have mainly focused on within-class assemblages, even though avian top predators may also influence mammalian mesopredator prey. By using nation-wide long-term data from Finland, northern Europe, we examined the impacts of golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) together with red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and pine martens (Martes martes) on forest-dwelling herbivores, black grouse (Tetrao tetrix) and hazel grouse (Tetrastes bonasia). We hypothesized that eagles may alleviate the overall predation pressure on grouse by imposing intraguild predation risk on mesopredators...
October 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112550/academic-dishonesty-in-higher-education-students-perceptions-and-involvement-in-an-african-institution
#3
Sixtus Bieranye Bayaa Martin Saana, Ephraim Ablordeppey, Napoleon Jackson Mensah, Thomas K Karikari
BACKGROUND: Integrity in academic work is a critical benchmark of every profession. For this reason, special attention should be devoted to addressing academic dishonesty (AD) in higher education to prevent the potential transfer of these practices to the workplace. In order to effectively address AD in Africa, further information about correlates of, and barriers to, the effectiveness of existing AD-controlling measures is needed. In Ghana, little is known about AD from the perspective of students...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942388/committee-opinion-no-653-concerns-regarding-social-media-and-health-issues-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
(no author information available yet)
Although there are many positive aspects of social media for adolescents and young adults, there are also risks. Adolescence is a time of significant developmental changes, during which adolescents exhibit a limited capacity for self-regulation and an increased risk of susceptibility to peer pressure and experimentation. Social media can be harmful, and obstetrician-gynecologists may screen their adolescent and young adult patients for high-risk sexual behaviors, especially if sexualized text communication (sexting), exposure to pornography, online dating, or other risk-taking behaviors are present...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942381/committee-opinion-no-653-summary-concerns-regarding-social-media-and-health-issues-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Although there are many positive aspects of social media for adolescents and young adults, there are also risks. Adolescence is a time of significant developmental changes, during which adolescents exhibit a limited capacity for self-regulation and an increased risk of susceptibility to peer pressure and experimentation. Social media can be harmful, and obstetrician-gynecologists may screen their adolescent and young adult patients for high-risk sexual behaviors, especially if sexualized text communication (sexting), exposure to pornography, online dating, or other risk-taking behaviors are present...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934421/parents-and-providers-attitudes-toward-school-located-provision-and-school-entry-requirements-for-hpv-vaccines
#6
Jessica Vercruysse, Nagasudha L Chigurupati, Leslie Fung, Gauri Apte, Natalie Pierre-Joseph, Rebecca B Perkins
OBJECTIVE: To determine parents' and providers' attitudes toward school-located provision and school-entry requirements for HPV vaccination. METHODS: Parents/guardians of 11-17 y old girls and pediatric healthcare providers at one inner-city public clinic and three private practices completed semi-structured interviews in 2012-2013. Participants were asked open-ended questions regarding their attitudes toward school-located provision and school-entry requirements for HPV vaccination...
June 2, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664730/healthy-hearts-a-cross-sectional-study-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-northern-colorado-school-children-1992-2013
#7
Tracy L Nelson, NaNet Puccetti, Gary J Luckasen
BACKGROUND: Despite significant declines in cardiovascular disease (CVD), it remains the number one cause of death in the United States. Determining factors that may be associated with CVD risk at a young age may allow us to better prevent CVD deaths in the future. The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of CVD risk factors among 4(th) grade children who participated in a community-wide CVD education program; as well as the association of these risk factors with weight status and the prevalence of CVD risk factors among family members...
2015: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26531285/influence-of-one-year-neurologic-outcome-of-treatment-on-newborns-with-moderate-and-severe-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-by-rhuep0-combined-with-ganglioside-gm1
#8
X-Y Zhu, M-Y Ye, A-M Zhang, W-D Wang, F Zeng, J-L Li, F Fang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the one-year neurologic prognostic outcome of newborns with moderate and severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) who received recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEPO) combined with exogenous monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1) treatment to provide new guidelines for clinical treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-six newborns with moderate and severe HIE were selected from February 2011 to February 2014 in our hospital. This study received the informed consent of our hospital's Ethics Committee and the newborns' guardians...
October 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493396/caudal-extradural-catheterization-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-and-its-effect-on-perioperative-hemodynamics-and-pain-scoring-a-prospective-randomized-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sherif M Soaida, Mohammed S ElSheemy, Ahmed M Shouman, Ahmed I Shoukry, Hany A Morsi, Doaa M Salah, Fatina I Fadel, Hafez M Bazaraa
PURPOSE: 'Hockey stick incision' used in renal transplant is large enough to cause severe postoperative morbidity especially in pediatric recipients. Although epidural analgesia is known to be effective in pain control, the resulting sympathectomy might affect hemodynamics interfering with the transplant process. In our study, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of inserting an epidural catheter to the thoracic level via the caudal route, and the effect of using epidural local anesthetics at low concentrations on hemodynamics...
February 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26194409/patients-refusal-of-recommended-treatment
#10
Bernard M Dickens, Rebecca J Cook
When patients require information to decide whether to accept recommended treatments, a question in both law and ethics is whether the same information is adequate whether they consent or refuse, or whether refusal requires more or repeated information. Refusals of recommended treatment can carry increased risks for patients' well-being and so require more emphatic disclosure without imposing pressure. A related question is whether guardians of dependents who would decline recommended treatment for themselves--for instance on religious grounds--can similarly decline it for their dependents...
October 2015: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26001765/outcomes-of-the-body-project-a-program-to-halt-obesity-and-its-medical-consequences-in-high-school-students
#11
Victoria Sweat, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Arthur Fierman, Alexander Mangone, Carole Siegel, Eugene Laska, Antonio Convit
Adolescent obesity continues to be a major public health issue with a third of American adolescents being overweight or obese. Excess weight is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and pre-diabetes. High school students identified as carrying excess weight [body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m(2), or BMI percentile ≥85 %] were invited to participate in The BODY Project, an intervention that included a medical evaluation and a personalized medical report of the results of that evaluation sent to the parent/guardian at home...
December 2015: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25948660/cohort-profile-the-js-high-school-study-jshs-a-cohort-study-of-korean-adolescents
#12
Dong Phil Choi, Joo Young Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Major aetiologies of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases begin in childhood and atherosclerotic vascular abnormalities can be observed among children and adolescents. Adolescent cohort studies have important advantages because they can observe earlier changes in vascular structure and function. The purpose of the JS High School study (JSHS) is to identify biomarkers predicting or indicating early structural and functional vascular change in adolescents. The JSHS is a prospective cohort study of a Korean adolescent population...
May 6, 2015: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25938023/comparison-of-consensus-on-life-sustaining-treatment-of-the-elderly-in-care-facilities-and-family-member-dyad
#13
Sunmi Lim, Seong Ae Hong, Hyun Sook Lee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to compare the agreement in opinion between the elderly in care facilities and their family members regarding the life-sustaining treatment at the deathbed and to find out if the intentions of the elderly are being properly reflected in their deathbed treatment. METHODS: Data were collected from 85 elderly individuals at five care facilities in Chunkcheongnam-do and 85 family members. The data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire from July 22, 2013 to August 15, 2014...
April 2015: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25929558/comparisons-of-clinical-performance-of-guardian-laryngeal-mask-with-laryngeal-mask-airway-proseal
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ajay Kumar Pajiyar, Zhiting Wen, Haiyun Wang, Lin Ma, Lumin Miao, Guolin Wang
BACKGROUND: The Guardian Laryngeal Mask Airway (G-LMA) is a new silicone-based single-use extraglottic device with the drainage port and a cuff pilot valve with pressure indicator. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical performance of this laryngeal mask airway with ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (P-LMA). METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, we included adult patients with ASA grading I and II scheduled for elective surgery requiring supine position under total intravenous anesthesia...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885095/the-happy-heart-educational-program-for-changes-in-health-habits-in-children-and-their-families-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vanessa Minossi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity increased worldwide in recent decades and is associated with risk factors for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative, simple and cost effective educational program to improve eating habits, physical activity and the knowledge about healthy habits in children, as well as in their families, as compared to routine outpatient care...
March 10, 2015: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25844672/the-cry-of-the-child-and-its-relationship-to-hearing-loss-in-parental-guardians-and-health-care-providers
#16
Lindsay E Calderon, Logan D Carney, Kevin T Kavanagh
In this study the authors investigate the sound pressure levels produced by crying children and discuss the possible adverse effects that direct exposure may impose on a tending guardian or healthcare professional. Sound intensity levels from various pediatric patients (N = 26) were measured under two segregate conditions, one imitating the exposure of an examining physician and the other resembling that of parental guardians. Interestingly, all of the recorded sound levels fell between 99-120 dB(A) of sound pressure; children presenting the greatest risk for intense cries with potentially harmful sound intensities were between the ages of 9 months and 6 years...
2016: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25807453/the-impacts-of-media-messaging-and-age-and-sex-variance-on-adolescent-smoking-habits-in-croatia
#17
Dijana Mayer, Ivana Pavic Simetin, Urelija Rodin, Tomislav Benjak, Eda Puntarić, Ida Puntarić
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of age, sex, and media messages that encourage or discourage smoking, in conjunction with having 1 or more parents, close friends, teachers, or family members who smoke, on differences in patterns of adolescent smoking. METHODS: This research is based on Croatian responses to the 2011 Global Youth Tobacco Survey. A total of 4245 Croatian youths responded to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, of which individuals 3551 were aged 13 to 15 years...
March 2015: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25777606/the-happy-heart-educational-program-for-changes-in-health-habits-in-children-and-their-families-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Vanessa Minossi, Lucia Campos Pellanda
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity increased worldwide in recent decades and is associated with risk factors for the development of chronic diseases in adulthood. Strategies for health promotion directed at an early age, with recommendation for healthy habits, can achieve good results. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative, simple and cost effective educational program to improve eating habits, physical activity and the knowledge about healthy habits in children, as well as in their families, as compared to routine outpatient care...
December 2015: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25708107/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-risk-markers-are-related-to-parasympathetic-indices-in-pre-pubertal-adolescents
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Suziane U Cayres, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Danilo R P Silva, Manoel Carlos S Lima, Maurício F Barbosa, Rômulo A Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship between different heart rate variability indices, resting heart rate, and cardiovascular markers in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with information from an ongoing cohort study. The sample was composed of 99 adolescents who complied with the following inclusion criteria: aged between 11 and 14 years; enrolled in a school unit of elementary education; absence of any known diseases; no drug consumption; and a formal consent signed by the parents or legal guardians...
February 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25701526/safety-of-intravenous-application-of-second-generation-ultrasound-contrast-agent-in-children-prospective-analysis
#20
Maciej Piskunowicz, Wojciech Kosiak, Tomasz Batko, Arkadiusz Piankowski, Katarzyna Połczyńska, Elżbieta Adamkiewicz-Drożyńska
The goal of the work described here was to assess the safety profile of intravenous second-generation ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs) containing sulfur hexafluoride in pediatric contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Between 2010 and 2013, a total of 167 examinations were performed in 137 children referred by the Oncology Department. Approval by an Independent Ethical Review Board on Scientific Research for the intravenous use of an UCA containing sulfur hexafluoride in children with oncologic diseases was obtained...
April 2015: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
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