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Light sheet microscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438995/csilsfm-combines-light-sheet-fluorescence-microscopy-and-coherent-structured-illumination-for-a-lateral-resolution-below-100-nm
#1
Bo-Jui Chang, Victor Didier Perez Meza, Ernst H K Stelzer
Light-sheet-based fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) features optical sectioning in the excitation process. It minimizes fluorophore bleaching as well as phototoxic effects and provides a true axial resolution. The detection path resembles properties of conventional fluorescence microscopy. Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) is attractive for superresolution because of its moderate excitation intensity, high acquisition speed, and compatibility with all fluorophores. We introduce SIM to LSFM because the combination pushes the lateral resolution to the physical limit of linear SIM...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436473/volumetric-chemical-imaging-by-stimulated-raman-projection-microscopy-and-tomography
#2
Xueli Chen, Chi Zhang, Peng Lin, Kai-Chih Huang, Jimin Liang, Jie Tian, Ji-Xin Cheng
Volumetric imaging allows global understanding of three-dimensional (3D) complex systems. Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy and optical projection tomography have been reported to image 3D volumes with high resolutions and at high speeds. Such methods, however, usually rely on fluorescent labels for chemical targeting, which could perturb the biological functionality in living systems. We demonstrate Bessel-beam-based stimulated Raman projection (SRP) microscopy and tomography for label-free volumetric chemical imaging...
April 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432219/optimized-cubic-protocol-for-3d-imaging-of-chicken-embryos-at-single-cell-resolution
#3
María Victoria Gómez-Gaviro, Evan Balaban, Diana Bocancea, María Teresa Lorrio, María Pompeiano, Manuel Desco, Jorge Ripoll, Juan José Vaquero
The CUBIC tissue clearing protocol has been optimized to produce translucent immunostained whole chicken embryos and embryo brains. When combined with multispectral light sheet microscopy, the validated protocol presented here provides a rapid, inexpensive and reliable method for acquiring accurate histological images that preserve three-dimensional structural relationships with single-cell-level resolution in whole early-stage chicken embryos, and in the whole brains of late-stage embryos.
April 21, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414372/graphene-based-near-field-optical-microscopy-high-resolution-imaging-using-reconfigurable-gratings
#4
Sandeep Inampudi, Jierong Cheng, Hossein Mosallaei
High-resolution and fast-paced optical microscopy is a requirement for current trends in biotechnology and materials industry. The most reliable and adaptable technique so far to obtain higher resolution than conventional microscopy is near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM), which suffers from a slow-paced nature. Stemming from the principles of diffraction imaging, we present fast-paced graphene-based scanning-free wide-field optical microscopy that provides image resolution that competes with NSOM...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409571/-getting-an-insight-into-the-brain-new-optical-clearing-techniques-and-imaging-using-light-sheet-microscope
#5
Monika Pawłowska, Diana Legutko, Marzena Stefaniuk
One of the biggest challenges in neuroscience is to understand how brain operates. For this, it would be the best to image the whole brain with at least cellular resolution, preserving the three-dimensional structure in order to capture the connections between different areas. Most currently available high-resolution imaging techniques are based on preparing thin brain sections that are next photographed one by one and subsequently bigger structures are reconstructed. These techniques are laborious and create artifacts...
2017: Postepy Biochemii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398640/fluorescence-microscopy-a-concise-guide-to-current-imaging-methods
#6
Christian A Combs, Hari Shroff
The field of fluorescence microscopy is rapidly growing and offers ever more imaging capabilities for biologists. Over the past decade, many new technologies and techniques have been developed that allow for combinations of deeper, faster, and higher resolution imaging. These have included the commercialization of many super-resolution and light sheet fluorescence microscopy techniques. For the non-expert, it can be difficult to match the best imaging techniques to biological questions. Picking the most appropriate imaging modality requires a basic understanding of the underlying physics governing each of them, as well as information comparing potentially competing imaging properties in the context of the sample to be imaged...
April 10, 2017: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380239/nitrogen-doped-graphene-nickel-ferrite-magnetic-photocatalyst-for-the-visible-light-degradation-of-methylene-blue
#7
Rajinder Singh, Jigmet Ladol, Heena Khajuria, Haq Nawaz Sheikh
A facile approach has been devised for the preparation of magnetic NiFe2O4 photocatalyst (NiFe2O4-NG) supported on nitrogen doped graphene (NG). The NiFe2O4-NG composite was synthesized by one step hydrothermal method. The nanocomposite catalyst was characterized by Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). It is found that the combination of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with nitrogen-doped graphene sheets converts NiFe2O4 into a good catalyst for methylene blue (MB) dye degradation by irradiation of visible light...
2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379562/light-sheet-fluorescence-microscopy-quantifies-calcium-oscillations-in-root-hairs-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#8
Alessia Candeo, Fabrizio G Doccula, Gianluca Valentini, Andrea Bassi, Alex Costa
Calcium oscillations play a role in the regulation of the development of tip-growing plant cells. Using optical microscopy, calcium oscillations have been observed in a few systems (e.g. pollen tubes, fungal hyphae, algal rhizoids). High resolution, non-phototoxic and rapid imaging methods are required to study the calcium oscillation in root hairs. We show that Light Sheet Fluorescence Microscopy is optimal to image growing root hairs of Arabidopsis thaliana and to follow their oscillatory tip-focused calcium gradient...
March 31, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374765/light-absorption-engineering-of-a-hybrid-sn3s7-2-n-based-semiconductor-from-violet-to-red-light-absorption
#9
Mathias Salomon Hvid, Paolo Lamagni, Nina Lock
The crystalline two-dimensional thiostannate Sn3S7(trenH)2 [tren = tris(2-aminoethyl)amine] consists of negatively charged (Sn3S7(2-))n polymeric sheets with trenH(+) molecular species embedded in-between. The semiconducting compound is a violet light absorber with a band gap of 3.0 eV. In this study the compound was synthesized and functionalized by introducing the cationic dyes Methylene Blue (MB) or Safranin T (ST) into the crystal structure by ion exchange. Dye capacities up to approximately 45 mg/g were obtained, leading to major changes of the light absorption properties of the dye stained material...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368678/functional-characterization-of-a-novel-3d-model-of-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-trophic-unit
#10
Fabio Bucchieri, Alessandro Pitruzzella, Alberto Fucarino, Antonella Marino Gammazza, Celeste Caruso Bavisotto, Vito Marcianò, Massimo Cajozzo, Giorgio Lo Iacono, Roberto Marchese, Giovanni Zummo, Stephen T Holgate, Donna E Davies
BACKGROUND/AIM: Epithelial-mesenchymal communication plays a key role in tissue homeostasis and abnormal signaling contributes to chronic airways disease such as COPD. Most in vitro models are limited in complexity and poorly represent this epithelial-mesenchymal trophic unit. We postulated that cellular outgrowth from bronchial tissue would enable development of a mucosal structure that recapitulates better in vivo tissue architecture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bronchial tissue was embedded in Matrigel and outgrowth cultures monitored using time-lapse microscopy, electrical resistance, light and electron microscopy...
April 3, 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362747/functional-in-vivo-imaging-using-fluorescence-lifetime-light-sheet-microscopy
#11
Claire A Mitchell, Simon P Poland, James Seyforth, Jakub Nedbal, Thomas Gelot, Tahiyat Huq, Gerhard Holst, Robert D Knight, Simon M Ameer-Beg
Light-sheet microscopy has become an indispensable tool for fast, low phototoxicity volumetric imaging of biological samples, predominantly providing structural or analyte concentration data in its standard format. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) provides functional contrast, but often at limited acquisition speeds and with complex implementation. Therefore, we incorporate a dedicated frequency domain CMOS FLIM camera and intensity-modulated laser into a light-sheet setup to add fluorescence lifetime imaging functionality, allowing the rapid acquisition of volumetric data with concentration independent contrast...
April 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362435/a-guide-to-light-sheet-fluorescence-microscopy-for-multiscale-imaging
#12
Rory M Power, Jan Huisken
The impact of light-sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) is visible in fields as diverse as developmental and cell biology, anatomical science, biophysics and neuroscience. Although adoption among biologists has been steady, LSFM has not displaced more traditional imaging methods despite its often-superior performance. One reason for this is that the field has largely conformed to a do-it-yourself ethic, although the challenges of big image data cannot be overstated. With the most powerful implementations of LSFM available to only a few groups worldwide, the scope of this technique is unnecessarily limited...
March 31, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359634/synthesis-of-sub-micronic-and-nanometric-pmma-particles-via-emulsion-polymerization-assisted-by-ultrasound-process-flow-sheet-and-characterization
#13
L Baissac, C C Buron, L Hallez, P Berçot, J-Y Hihn, L Chantegrel, G Gosse
PMMA particle synthesis was performed from MMA (methyl methacrylate) and water mixtures, exposed to different ultrasonic systems and frequencies. The sonication sequence was 20kHz→580kHz→858kHz→1138kHz, and the solution was sampled after each irradiation step for polymerization. Effects of sonication parameters (time, power), polymerization method (thermo-initiated or photo-initiated), use of small amounts of surfactant (Triton X-100™ or Tween® 20) and initial MMA quantity were investigated on particle size and synthesis yields...
March 14, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351011/fine-cutting-edge-shaped-bi2o3rods-reduced-graphene-oxide-rgo-composite-for-supercapacitor-and-visible-light-photocatalytic-applications
#14
D Maruthamani, S Vadivel, M Kumaravel, B Saravanakumar, Bappi Paul, Siddhartha Sankar Dhar, Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh, A Manikandan, Govindarajan Ramadoss
Bi2O3 rods/RGO composite has been synthesized by a simple precipitation and calcination method. The crystallnity, structural, and morphological features were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) techniques. The supercapacitor behavior was studied using cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge and impedance analysis, respectively. The Bi2O3 rods/RGO nanocomposite exhibits a maximum specific capacitance of 1041Fg(-1) at a current density of 2Ag(-1)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350253/3d-visualization-and-quantification-of-microvessels-in-the-whole-ischemic-mouse-brain-using-solvent-based-clearing-and-light-sheet-microscopy
#15
Erlen Lugo-Hernandez, Anthony Squire, Nina Hagemann, Alexandra Brenzel, Maryam Sardari, Jana Schlechter, Eduardo H Sanchez-Mendoza, Matthias Gunzer, Andreas Faissner, Dirk M Hermann
The visualization of cerebral microvessels is essential for understanding brain remodeling after stroke. Injection of dyes allows for the evaluation of perfused vessels, but has limitations related either to incomplete microvascular filling or leakage. In conventional histochemistry, the analysis of microvessels is limited to 2D structures, with apparent limitations regarding the interpretation of vascular circuits. Herein, we developed a straight-forward technique to visualize microvessels in the whole ischemic mouse brain, combining the injection of a fluorescent-labeled low viscosity hydrogel conjugate with 3D solvent clearing followed by automated light sheet microscopy...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346461/geometry-can-provide-long-range-mechanical-guidance-for-embryogenesis
#16
Mahamar Dicko, Pierre Saramito, Guy B Blanchard, Claire M Lye, Bénédicte Sanson, Jocelyn Étienne
Downstream of gene expression, effectors such as the actomyosin contractile machinery drive embryo morphogenesis. During Drosophila embryonic axis extension, actomyosin has a specific planar-polarised organisation, which is responsible for oriented cell intercalation. In addition to these cell rearrangements, cell shape changes also contribute to tissue deformation. While cell-autonomous dynamics are well described, understanding the tissue-scale behaviour challenges us to solve the corresponding mechanical problem at the scale of the whole embryo, since mechanical resistance of all neighbouring epithelia will feedback on individual cells...
March 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344061/compartmentation-of-mitochondrial-and-oxidative-metabolism-in-growing-hair-follicles-a-ring-of-fire
#17
John J Lemasters, Venkat K Ramshesh, Gregory L Lovelace, John Lim, Graham D Wright, Duane Harland, Thomas L Dawson
Little is known about the energetics of growing hair follicles, particularly in the mitochondrially abundant bulb. Here, mitochondrial and oxidative metabolism was visualized by multiphoton and light sheet microscopy in cultured bovine hair follicles and plucked human hairs. Mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ), cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and secretory granules were assessed with parameter-indicating fluorophores. In growing follicles, lower bulb epithelial cells had high viability, and mitochondria were polarized...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335301/facile-synthesis-of-g-c%C3%A2-n%C3%A2-nanosheets-zno-nanocomposites-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity-in-reduction-of-aqueous-chromium-vi-under-visible-light
#18
Xiaoya Yuan, Chao Zhou, Qiuye Jing, Qi Tang, Yuanhua Mu, An-Ke Du
Graphitic-C₃N₄ nanosheets (CN)/ZnO photocatalysts (CN/ZnO) with different CN loadings were successfully prepared via a simple precipitation-calcination in the presence of exfoliated C₃N₄ nanosheets. Their morphology and structure were thoroughly characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and photoluminescence spectra (PL)...
September 14, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327425/protein-drug-nanoconjugates-finding-the-alternative-proteins-as-drug-carrier
#19
Iqra Munir, Sadia Ajmal, Muhammad Raza Shah, Aftab Ahmad, Abdul Hameed, Syed Abid Ali
Present study was conducted to establish the interaction of bovine fetuin-A to validate its binding modalities with doxorubicin (Dox). Fetuin-A was purified to highest purity and monodispersity. Green synthesis of fetuin-A conjugated gold nanoparticles (F-GNPs) has been performed giving typical UV-maxima with subtle variation in fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed spherical shaped, polydisperse F-GNPs of varying sizes, complementing the radius of hydration (19...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324600/light-sheet-fluorescence-microscopy-chemical-clearing-and-labeling-protocols-for-ultramicroscopy
#20
Nina Jährling, Klaus Becker, Saiedeh Saghafi, Hans-Ulrich Dodt
Light-sheet microscopy is an effective technique in neuroscience, developmental biology, and cancer research for visualizing and analyzing cellular networks and whole organs in three dimensions. Because this technique requires specimens to be translucent they commonly have to be cleared before microscopy inspection. Here, we provide 3DISCO based protocols for preparing cleared samples of immuno-stained neural networks, lectin-labeled vascular networks, and Methoxy-X04 labeled beta-amyloid plaques in mice. 3DISCO utilizes the lipophilic solvents tetrahydrofuran (THF) and dibenzylether (DBE) for dehydration and successive clearing...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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