keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

toxoplasmosis ocular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201950/uveitis-as-an-initial-manifestation-of-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#1
Chui-Lien Tsen, Shih-Chou Chen, Yao-Shen Chen, Shwu-Jiuan Sheu
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a multisystem disease that can involve the human eyes. Using ophthalmic examination records from January 2006 to November 2015, we retrospectively reviewed all patients who were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in our hospital. The study was performed at a tertiary referral center in southern Taiwan. Data included age, gender, ophthalmic examinations, systemic conditions, CD4 cell counts, course, and treatment. Eleven patients were identified as having AIDS with uveitis as their presenting manifestation...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127354/dna-amplification-techniques-for-the-detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-tissue-cysts-in-meat-producing-animals-a-narrative-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Farooq Riaz, Imran Rashid, Haroon Akbar, Wasim Shehzad, Saher Islam, Amna Arshad Bajwa, Khalid Saeed, Kamran Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasite, which infects one-third population of world. Humans and animals acquire infection by ingesting oocytes from feces of cats or by meat of other animals having cysts that may lead to congenital, ocular or cephalic toxoplasmosis. Either it is important to detect T. gondii from meat of food animals from retail shops or directly at slaughterhouses, which is meant for export. METHODS: The current research was done without time limitation using such terms as follows: "Toxoplasma gondii", "Meat", "Tissue cyst", "PCR", "LAMP", "Screening" and "Immunological assay" alone or in combination, in English language...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127336/genotyping-of-toxoplasma-gondii-strains-isolated-from-patients-with-ocular-toxoplasmosis-in-iran
#3
Maryam Norouzi, Seyyed Javad Seyyed Tabaei, Maryam Niyyati, Vafa Saber, Hamed Behniafar
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate, intracellular protozoon that develops its sexual stage in cat's intestinal epithelial cells as definitive host and develops its asexual stage in different tissues of a wide range hosts called intermediate host. The protozoon is a food-borne and worldwide parasite that can cause serious complications such as abortion in pregnant women, encephalitis, and ocular toxoplasmosis. The present study aimed to genotype T. gondii strains isolated from patients with toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125765/corticosteroids-as-adjuvant-therapy-for-ocular-toxoplasmosis
#4
REVIEW
Smitha Jasper, Satyanarayana S Vedula, Sheeja S John, Saban Horo, Yasir J Sepah, Quan Dong Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Ocular infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite, may result in inflammation in the retina, choroid, and uvea, and consequently lead to complications such as glaucoma, cataract, and posterior synechiae. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effects of adjunctive use of corticosteroids to anti-parasitic therapy versus anti-parasitic therapy alone for ocular toxoplasmosis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Trials Register (2016; Issue 11)), MEDLINE Ovid, Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, MEDLINE Ovid Daily (January 1946 to December 2016), Embase (January 1980 to December 2016), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS (January 1982 to December 2016)), the ISRCTN registry (www...
January 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999640/toxoplasmosis-in-iran-a-guide-for-general-physicians-working-in-the-iranian-health-network-setting-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Alavi, Leila Alavi
BACKGROUND: Human toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic infection worldwide which is caused by the intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T.gondii). The aim of this study was to review briefly the general aspects of toxoplasma infection in in Iranian health system network. METHODS: We searched published toxoplasmosis related articles in English databases including Science Direct, Pub Med, Scopus, Google Scholar, Magiran, Iran Medex, Iran Doc and Scientific Information Database (SID) for toxoplasmosis...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958200/update-on-pathology-of-ocular-parasitic-disease
#6
REVIEW
Dipankar Das, Varsha Ramachandra, Saidul Islam, Harsha Bhattacharjee, Jyotirmay Biswas, Akanksha Koul, Panna Deka, Apurba Deka
Parasites are a group of eukaryotic organisms that may be free-living or form a symbiotic or parasitic relationship with the hosts. Consisting of over 800,000 recognized species, parasites may be unicellular (Protozoa) or multicellular (helminths and arthropods). The association of parasites with human population started long before the emergence of civilization. Parasitic zoonotic diseases are prevalent worldwide including India. Appropriate epidemiological data are lacking on existing zoonotic parasitic diseases, and newer diseases are emerging in our scenario...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956093/late-diagnosis-of-congenital-toxoplasmosis-based-on-serological-follow-up-a-case-report
#7
Céline Dard, Cathy Chemla, Hélène Fricker-Hidalgo, Marie-Pierre Brenier-Pinchart, Marie Baret, Alexandre Mzabi, Isabelle Villena, Hervé Pelloux
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite infecting up to one third of the world's population. T. gondii infection is usually benign in immunocompetent patients but can be life-threatening when congenitally transmitted. Congenital toxoplasmosis presentation ranges from severe central nervous system and ocular features, to a well appearing newborn with onset of complications late in childhood. The diagnosis of subclinical form remains important since early treatment reduces later complications such as chorioretinitis...
April 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925851/epidemiology-of-uveitis-caused-by-htlv-1-toxoplasmosis-and-tuberculosis-the-three-leading-causes-of-endemic-infectious-uveitis-in-japan
#8
Atsunobu Takeda, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Koh-Hei Sonoda
Ethnicity, geography, and socioeconomic factors are among the aspects influencing the prevalence of uveitis in specific areas and countries. Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1-associated uveitis and ocular toxoplasmosis are endemic to Southern Kyushu, the southern-most region of Japan. Recent reports have postulated that the prevalence of intraocular tuberculosis is increasing in Tokyo. This review focuses on local factors that affect the three major vectors for infectious endemic uveitis in Japan, as well as their routes of transmission and factors for improving diagnoses...
December 7, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901620/etiology-and-clinical-features-of-ocular-inflammatory-diseases-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-sydney-australia
#9
Sophia L Zagora, Richard Symes, Aaron Yeung, Will Yates, Denis Wakefield, Peter J McCluskey
PURPOSE: To report the pattern of uveitis in patients attending a tertiary uveitis service in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: The charts of patients seen between January 2009 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Data pertaining to patient demographics, eye examination on presentation, work-up and final diagnoses were collected. RESULTS: The total number of patients with uveitis seen over this period was 1165. There were 650 males (56%) and 515 females (44%)...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892751/decline-in-ocular-toxoplasmosis-over-40-years-at-a-tertiary-referral-practice-in-the-united-states
#10
Joshua H Hou, Sarju S Patel, Asim V Farooq, Asad A Qadir, Howard H Tessler, Debra A Goldstein
PURPOSE: To identify whether there has been a decline in ocular toxoplasmosis at a tertiary uveitis practice. METHODS: Retrospective review of new patients at the University of Illinois Uveitis Service from 1973 to 2012. RESULTS: There were 6820 patients with adequate records for inclusion; 323 (4.7%) were diagnosed with ocular toxoplasmosis. There was a 78.0% decline in prevalence of ocular toxoplasmosis from 2008 to 2012 compared with 1973 to 1977...
November 28, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827450/ocular-toxoplasmosis-susceptibility-in-respect-to-the-genes-encoding-the-kir-receptors-and-their-hla-class-i-ligands
#11
Christiane Maria Ayo, Fábio Batista Frederico, Rubens Camargo Siqueira, Cinara de Cássia Brandão de Mattos, Mariana Previato, Amanda Pires Barbosa, Fernando Henrique Antunes Murata, Aparecida Perpétuo Silveira-Carvalho, Luiz Carlos de Mattos
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the genes encoding the KIR receptors and their HLA ligands in the susceptibility of ocular toxoplasmosis. A total of 297 patients serologically-diagnosed with toxoplasmosis were selected and stratified according to the presence (n = 148) or absence (n = 149) of ocular scars/lesions due to toxoplasmosis. The group of patients with scars/lesions was further subdivided into two groups according to the type of ocular manifestation observed: primary (n = 120) or recurrent (n = 28)...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741079/bipolar-disorder-with-psychotic-features-and-ocular-toxoplasmosis-a-possible-pathogenetic-role-of-the-parasite
#12
Claudia Del Grande, Carlo Contini, Elisa Schiavi, Grazia Rutigliano, Martina Maritati, Silva Seraceni, Barbara Pinto, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabrizio Bruschi
Recent evidence suggests the involvement of Toxoplasma gondii infection in the emergence of psychotic and affective disorders. In this report, we describe the case of a young Brazilian woman affected by recurrent ocular toxoplasmosis and presenting with a manic episode with psychotic features in the context of a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder (BD), type I. We observed a relationship between ocular manifestations and the clinical course of bipolar illness, confirmed by molecular analyses (nested-PCR), as well as by the high level of T...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733631/help-in-the-choice-of-automated-or-semiautomated-immunoassays-for-serological-diagnosis-of-toxoplasmosis-evaluation-of-nine-immunoassays-by-the-french-national-reference-center-for-toxoplasmosis
#13
O Villard, B Cimon, C L'Ollivier, H Fricker-Hidalgo, N Godineau, S Houze, L Paris, H Pelloux, I Villena, E Candolfi
Toxoplasmosis, a benign infection, is asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic in over 80% of cases, except in immunocompetent patients suffering from ocular toxoplasmosis or in immunocompromised patients with opportunistic or congenital toxoplasmosis. Diagnosis is based mainly on serology testing. Thus, we compared the performance of the nine most commonly used commercial automated or semiautomated immunoassays for IgG and IgM Toxoplasma gondii antibody detection, that is, the Advia Centaur, Architect, AxSYM, Elecsys, Enzygnost, Liaison, Platelia, VIDAS, and VIDIA assays...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723657/recent-developments-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ocular-toxoplasmosis
#14
REVIEW
Cem Ozgonul, Cagri Giray Besirli
Ocular toxoplasmosis, a chorioretinal infection with Toxoplasma gondii, is the most common etiology of posterior uveitis in many countries. Accurate diagnosis depends heavily on the characteristic clinical features of this disease, but atypical presentations, especially in immunocompromised patients, may create diagnostic challenges and lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Molecular biology techniques to diagnose ocular toxoplasmosis have been available for many years and are now accessible as standard laboratory tests in many countries...
2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704057/sulfadiazine-induced-obstructive-nephropathy-presenting-with-upper-urinary-tract-extravasation
#15
Maharan Kabha, Snir Dekalo, Sophie Barnes, Ishay Mintz, Haim Matzkin, Mario Sofer
Background: Obstructive nephropathy is an uncommon side effect of sulfadiazine, which is used for the treatment of toxoplasmosis. We present a case of acute renal colic and urine extravasation of a patient shortly after she was started on this medication. Case Presentation: A 31-year-old female presented with acute renal colic 2 weeks after starting treatment with sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine for ocular toxoplasmosis. Results: A noncontrast computed tomography revealed left hydronephrosis and fluid located around the kidney and in the left gutter...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598330/current-practices-in-ocular-toxoplasmosis-a-survey-of-brazilian-uveitis-specialists
#16
Fábio Barreto Morais, Tiago Eugênio Faria E Arantes, Cristina Muccioli
PURPOSE: To describe treatment practices for ocular toxoplasmosis among members of the Brazilian Uveitis Society. METHODS: An online questionnaire sent to specialists, between October 2014 and March 2015. RESULTS: Most respondents (67.9%) treat all active cases. Most specialists consider visual acuity <20/200 (88.2%), severe vitreous inflammation (94.1%), and ocular disease during acquired infection (88.2%) as absolute indications for treatment...
September 6, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537334/land-of-the-long-white-cloud-the-spectrum-of-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-center-in-new-zealand
#17
Aaron Wong, James McKelvie, Carol Slight, Joanne Sims
PURPOSE: To investigate the patterns of uveitis at a tertiary referral center in New Zealand. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected for 1260 patients presenting to uveitis clinics in Auckland, New Zealand, between January 2008 and April 2014. Demographics, disease characteristics, and uveitis subtype were analyzed for all patients. RESULTS: Among 1148 patients, 70.3% had anterior uveitis. The most common diagnosis causing anterior uveitis was HLA B27-associated disease...
August 18, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500398/post-prophylaxis-toxoplasma-chorioretinitis-following-donor-recipient-mismatched-liver-transplantation
#18
G J Webb, H Shah, M D David, S Tiew, N Beare, G M Hirschfield
Toxoplasmosis may be transferred by organ transplantation. The most common clinical presentation is with multisystem disease, although isolated ocular toxoplasmosis has been described. Many centers have suggested that universal use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis obviates the need for specific Toxoplasma testing. We report a case of donor-acquired ocular toxoplasmosis after liver transplantation despite co-trimoxazole prophylaxis. The diagnosis was confirmed by Toxoplasma polymerase chain reaction assay in conjunction with seroconversion...
October 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480335/activation-of-toxoplasma-retinochoroiditis-during-pregnancy-and-evaluation-of-ocular-findings-in-newborns
#19
Fatih Mehmet Türkcü, Alparslan Şahin, Harun Yüksel, Yasin Çınar, Kürşat Cingü, Suat Altındağ, Özcan Deveci, Zeynep Özkurt, İhsan Çaça
The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients with activation of toxoplasma retinochoroiditis during pregnancy and ocular findings in newborns. A total of 17 pregnant patients who were clinically and serologically diagnosed with ocular toxoplasmosis were retrospectively reviewed. After birth, ocular findings for all infants were recorded. The mean age of the patients was 29.08 ± 5.71 years. In all cases, activation was present in only one eye. In 13 cases, anterior uveitis was associated with posterior uveitis...
August 1, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467500/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-uveitis-in-turkey-the-first-national-registry-report
#20
F Nilüfer Yalçındağ, Pınar C Özdal, Yılmaz Özyazgan, Figen Batıoğlu, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
PURPOSE: To describe the demographic and clinical profiles of uveitis patients seen at secondary and tertiary care centers in Turkey. METHODS: A nationwide web-based registry of patients with uveitis was initiated in November 2008. We analyzed data from a single baseline registry-enrollment visit. RESULTS: In 33 centers, 6967 eyes of 4863 consecutive patients were registered. The mean age at presentation was 36.6 ± 15.7 (1-92) years; 51.3% were male...
July 28, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
keyword
keyword
117708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"