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Yunpeng Cao, Yahui Han, Dandan Meng, Muhammad Abdullah, Dahui Li, Qing Jin, Yi Lin, Yongping Cai
PHD-finger proteins, which belongs to the type of zinc finger family, and that play an important role in the regulation of both transcription and the chromatin state in eukaryotes. Currently, PHD-finger proteins have been well studied in animals, while few studies have been carried out on their function in plants. In the present study, 129 non-redundant PHD-finger genes were identified from 5 Rosaceae species (pear, apple, strawberry, mei, and peach); among them, 31 genes were identified in pear. Subsequently, we carried out a bioinformatics analysis of the PHD-finger genes...
April 20, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Avinash Gowda, Vivek Sharma, Ankit Goyal, A K Singh, Sumit Arora
Microencapsulated flaxseed oil powder (MFOP) was supplemented for the fortification of α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3 fatty acid) in ice cream. Processing parameters were optimized in terms of the stage of homogenization of ice-cream mix, level of fortification (3, 4 and 5%) and flavors (vanilla, butter scotch and strawberry). Data revealed that free fatty acids increased significantly during first 15 days in all the samples and then remained constant. Peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value first increased up to 30 and 45 days, respectively; and then decreased followed by a gradual increase up to 120 days...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Agata Markiewicz, Malwina Zasada, Anna Erkiert-Polguj, Marzena Wieckowska-Szakiel, Elzbieta Budzisz
BACKGROUND: Mature skin is characterized by a loss of elasticity, hyperpigmentation, and dehydration. L-ascorbic acid stimulates the synthesis of collagen type I, inhibits melanogenesis, and helps to maintain correct skin hydration. Combining microneedle mesotherapy with the application of preparations rich in vitamin C results in better therapeutic effects due to the improved absorption of active substances. The study evaluates the effectiveness of the application of strawberry hydrolysate enriched with L-ascorbic acid using microneedle mesotherapy...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Beata Olas
Antioxidants present in the diet may have a significant effect on the prophylaxis and progression of various diseases associated with oxidative stress. Berries contain a range of chemical compounds with antioxidant properties, including phenolic compounds. The aim of this review article is to provide an overview of the current knowledge of such phenolic antioxidants, and to discuss whether these compounds may always be natural gifts for human health, based on both in vitro and in vivo studies. It describes the antioxidant properties of fresh berries (including aronia berries, grapes, blueberries, sea buckthorn berries, strawberries and other berries) and their various products, especially juices and wines...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
John M Chater, Donald J Merhaut, Zhenyu Jia, Mary Lu Arpaia, Peggy A Mauk, John E Preece
Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an important fruit in many cultures. The fruit and juice have risen in popularity as it was discovered that pomegranate has relatively high antioxidant activity compared to most other fruits. In this study, six cultivars were utilized to determine consumer acceptance compared to the industry standard, 'Wonderful,' which comprises 90% to 95% of commercial production in the United States. Fruit were sourced from 2 cultivar field trials, one in inland Riverside, California, and one in coastal Ventura County, California...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Penelope Oliver, Sara Cicerale, Edwin Pang, Russell Keast
Temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) is a rapid descriptive method that offers a different magnitude of information to traditional descriptive analysis methodologies. This methodology considers the dynamic nature of eating, assessing sensory perception of foods as they change throughout the eating event. Limited research has applied the TDS methodology to strawberries and subsequently validated the results against Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA™). The aim of this research is to compare the TDS methodology using an untrained consumer panel to the results obtained via QDA™ with a trained sensory panel...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science
Liyi Chen, Xiufang Bi, Xiamin Cao, Lei Liu, Zhenming Che
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present work was to study the effect of high power ultrasound (HPU) on microflora, enzymes and some quality attributes of a strawberry drink and to provide a theoretical basis for strawberry drinks processing, which was conducive to the development of more nutritious and healthier strawberry drinks. RESULTS: Fresh strawberry drink was subjected to HPU treatment at 20 kHz (242 W cm-2 , 605 W cm-2 and 968 W cm-2 ) for 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 min in an ice bath...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Matteo Buti, Marco Moretto, Elena Barghini, Flavia Mascagni, Lucia Natali, Matteo Brilli, Alexandre Lomsadze, Paolo Sonego, Lara Giongo, Michael Alonge, Riccardo Velasco, Claudio Varotto, Nada Šurbanovski, Mark Borodovsky, Judson A Ward, Kristof Engelen, Andrea Cavallini, Alessandro Cestaro, Daniel James Sargent
Background: The genus Potentilla is closely related to that of Fragaria, the economically important strawberry genus. Potentilla micrantha is a species that does not develop berries but shares numerous morphological and ecological characteristics with Fragaria vesca. These similarities make P. micrantha an attractive choice for comparative genomics studies with F. vesca. Findings: In this study, the P. micrantha genome was sequenced and annotated, and RNA-Seq data from the different developmental stages of flowering and fruiting were used to develop a set of gene predictions...
April 1, 2018: GigaScience
Imran Farooq, Saqib Ali, Khalifa Sulaiman Al-Khalifa, Khalid Alhooshani
Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to perform chemical analysis and investigate the total and soluble fluoride concentrations in various brands of children toothpastes. Materials and methods: Three samples of five different commercial brands of children toothpastes were collected and divided into five groups; group A - Biorepair Oral Care toothpaste containing no fluoride (control), group B - Signal Kids Strawberry toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group C - Aquafresh Milk Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group D - Aquafresh Little Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, and group E - Siwak F Junior having 400 ppm F...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Keshavmurthy A Adya, Arun C Inamadar, Aparna Palit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Britt Merlaen, Ellen De Keyser, Marie-Christine Van Labeke
The newly identified aquaporin coding sequences presented here pave the way for further insights into the plant-water relations in the commercial strawberry ( Fragaria x ananassa ). Aquaporins are water channel proteins that allow water to cross (intra)cellular membranes. In Fragaria x ananassa , few of them have been identified hitherto, hampering the exploration of the water transport regulation at cellular level. Here, we present new aquaporin coding sequences belonging to different subclasses: plasma membrane intrinsic proteins subtype 1 and subtype 2 (PIP1 and PIP2) and tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIP)...
2018: Horticulture Research
Muqing Yan, David H Byrne, Patricia E Klein, Jizhou Yang, Qianni Dong, Natalie Anderson
Roses, which have been cultivated for at least 5000 years, are one of the most important ornamental crops in the world. Because of the interspecific nature and high heterozygosity in commercial roses, the genetic resources available for rose are limited. To effectively identify markers associated with QTL controlling important traits, such as disease resistance, abundant markers along the genome and careful phenotyping are required. Utilizing genotyping by sequencing technology and the strawberry genome ( Fragaria vesca v2...
2018: Horticulture Research
Xiangbing Yang, Yong-Biao Liu
Nitric oxide (NO) fumigation was conducted to determine the efficacy of controlling spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), in strawberries and the effects on postharvest quality of strawberries under ultralow oxygen conditions at 2°C. Eight-hour fumigations with 1.0 and 3.0% NO were tested against different life stages of the insect to determine an effective treatment, and a 16-h fumigation was tested to determine the impact on strawberry quality. Complete control of eggs and larvae in strawberries was achieved in an 8-h fumigation with 3...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Lauren M Diepenbrock, Jonathan G Lundgren, Tim L Sit, Hannah J Burrack
Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is an invasive, highly polyphagous pest of soft-skinned fruits throughout much of the world. A better understanding of the ecology of adult flies, including their nutritional resources, is needed to advance ecologically based management approaches. In this study, we evaluate the capability of polymerase chain reaction-based gut content analysis to detect a known food resource from DNA extracted from laboratory-reared flies. Using strawberry as a focal host and available DNA primers, we validated that DNA from this host could be detected for up to 7 d post-consumption...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Bartosz Fotschki, Jerzy Juśkiewicz, Krzysztof Kołodziejczyk, Adam Jurgoński, Monika Kosmala, Joanna Milala, Katarzyna Ognik, Zenon Zduńczyk
The present study compares the effects of two dietary strawberry extracts rich in monomeric (ME) or dimeric (DE) ellagitannins (ETs) on gastrointestinal, blood and tissue biomarkers in Wistar rats fed high-fructose diets. Both strawberry extracts beneficially affect the antioxidant status and lipid profile of the liver and serum. The ME extract shows a greater ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation in kidneys, more effectively decreases serum and liver triglycerides, and exerts greater anti-inflammatory effects in blood serum than the DE extract...
April 4, 2018: Nutrients
Yunting Zhang, Leiyu Jiang, Yali Li, Qing Chen, Yuntian Ye, Yong Zhang, Ya Luo, Bo Sun, Xiaorong Wang, Haoru Tang
Light conditions can cause quantitative and qualitative changes in anthocyanin. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism of light quality-regulated anthocyanin accumulation in fruits. In this study, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were applied to explore the effect of red and blue light on strawberry coloration. The results showed contents of total anthocyanins (TA), pelargonidin 3-glucoside (Pg3G) and pelargonidin 3-malonylglucoside (Pg3MG) significantly increased after blue and red light treatment...
April 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Letícia Cristina Viana Miguel, Ana Beatriz Ramos de Oliveira Pinn, Horacio Dorigan Moya
An alternative method for quantification of the total reducing capacity (TRC) of processed ready-to-drink fruit juices (orange, grape, peach, mango, cashew, strawberry, apple and guava) is suggested. The spectrophotometric procedure is based on the reduction of Cu(II) to Cu(I) by antioxidants (present in the samples) in aqueous buffered solution (pH 7.0), containing 4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-biquinoline acid (H2 BCA), yielding the [Formula: see text] complexes. The absorbance values at 558 nm (A558 nm ) of the [Formula: see text] complexes obtained with juice samples were compared with A558 nm values of the same complexes obtained with a standard ascorbic acid solution and used to quantify and express the reducing capacity of each sample...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Pao-Ju Lee, Tsung-Yu Tsai, Shaun Chen
Inflammation is generally thought to be involved in the development of several chronical diseases, therefore, phytochemicals to modulate immune responses has attracted great interests. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential anti-inflammatory effects of wine supplemented using ball-milled achene on modulating NO production and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. Ball-milled achenes were added in strawberry must prior to fermentation, and the wine samples were then concentrated and extracted with water and/or ethanol prior to analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Wan-Ning Lee, Ching-Hua Huang, Guangxuan Zhu
Chlorine sanitizers used in washing fresh and fresh-cut produce can lead to generation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) that are harmful to human health. Monitoring of DBPs is necessary to protect food safety but comprehensive analytical methods have been lacking. This study has optimized three U.S. Environmental Protection Agency methods for drinking water DBPs to improve their performance for produce wash water. The method development encompasses 40 conventional and emerging DBPs. Good recoveries (60-130%) were achieved for most DBPs in deionized water and in lettuce, strawberry and cabbage wash water...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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