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Arpita Basu, Jace Schell, R Hal Scofield
Arthritis is a global health concern affecting a significant proportion of the population and associated with reduced quality of life. Among the different forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are the most common and lacking a definite cure in the affected individuals. Fruits, such as berries and pomegranates are rich sources of a variety of dietary bioactive compounds, especially the polyphenolic flavonoids that have been associated with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects...
December 11, 2017: Food & Function
N Capion, E K Larsson, O L Nielsen
Bovine digital dermatitis (DD) is a painful infectious disease, causing lameness, reduced animal welfare, and production losses in dairy herds. The main factors contributing to DD are an infection with Treponema spp. and poor hygiene. Topical treatment has primarily consisted of antibiotics; however, the demand for effective nonantibiotic alternatives is increasing. The objective was to evaluate the performance of 3 nonantibiotic topical treatments (salicylic acid and a compound of inorganic acids in a 20% solution and in a dry form) on DD in a commercial dairy herd...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Agata Leszczuk, Ewa Szczuka
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arabinogalactan proteins are present in the extracellular matrix and their occurrence is developmentally regulated. The studies were carried out to localise arabinogalactan proteins in ovary cells of Fragaria x ananassa Duchesne (strawberry) during megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, and formation of the embryo. METHODS: The research included studies of ovary histochemistry and immunofluorescence labelling of AGP epitopes was performed with antibodies JIM13, JIM15 and MAC207...
December 5, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Bingbing Li, Jiaqi Yan, Wensuo Jia
Ripening of fleshy fruits is a complex process that involves dramatic changes in color, texture, flavor, and aroma, which is essentially regulated by multiple hormone signals. Although the metabolic mechanisms for the regulation of fruit development and ripening have been studied extensively, little is known about the signaling mechanisms underlying this process. FERONIA has been increasingly suggested to be implicated in multiple signaling pathways. In a recent publication, we showed that a FERONIA/FER -like receptor kinase, FaMRLK47, playes an important role in the regulation of fruit ripening in strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa, a typical non-climacteric fruit) fruit...
December 7, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Lucía Cassani, Mauricio Santos, Esteban Gerbino, María Del Rosario Moreira, Andrea Gómez-Zavaglia
In this work, a Fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)-based method was developed for simultaneously quantifying simple sugars and exogenously added fructooligosaccharides (FOS) in strawberry juices preserved for up to 14 d using nonthermal techniques (geraniol and vanillin+ultrasound). The main spectral differences were observed in the 1200 to 900 cm-1 region. The presence of FOS was identified by the typical bands at 1134, 1034, and 935 cm-1 . During storage, a significant decrease of sucrose was concomitant to an increase of glucose and fructose in juices stored without any previous preservation treatment, as determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Tao Cang, Caixia Sun, Hua Zhao, Tao Tang, Changpeng Zhang, Ruixian Yu, Xinquan Wang, Qiang Wang, Fen Dai, Xueping Zhao
A risk assessment for imidacloprid applied on strawberries under different conditions was performed after residue determination using the quick, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) method. The application conditions were varied according to the applied dosage, addition of a plant oil or organosilicon surfactant, water volume, and sprayer type. The degradation dynamics of imidacloprid on strawberries followed first-order kinetics. At applied doses of 30-60 g a.i. ha-1, the half-lives of imidacloprid were 2...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Touraj Ehtezazi, Marwan Algellay, Yamir Islam, Matt Roberts, Nicola M Dempster, Satyajit D Sarker
Fast dissolving oral films (FDFs) provide an alternative approach to increase consumer acceptance by advantage of rapid dissolution and administration without water. Usually FDFs require taste-masking agents. However, inclusion of these excipients could make developing the formulation a challenging task. Hence, this work employed fused-deposition modelling three-dimensional (FDM 3D) printing to produce single-layered (SLFDFs), or multilayered (MLFDFs) films, with taste-masking layers being separated from drug layer...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ana M Arboleda, Carlos Arce-Lopera
A set of onomatopoeic expressions for eating fruits and vegetables is compared across subjects whose native language is Spanish, French, or German. Subjects chose the onomatopoeia that best represented the sound of eating a fruit or vegetable (celery, banana, strawberry, passion fruit, mango, apple, orange, and tomato). Results show there are onomatopoeias that have a higher frequency of response in one language compared to the others. Thus, it is possible to assume that depending on the language there is a better way to express haptic and auditory information associated to fruit and vegetable consumption...
December 2017: Food Research International
Xiaoxin Chen, Xueqi Fan, Yecheng Ma, Jiye Hu
20% commercial suspension emulsion (SE) of (8% tetraconazole + 12% kresoxim-methyl), as a pre-registered product in China, was firstly investigated under Chinese greenhouse-field conditions. A MWCNTs-based QuEChERS method for simultaneous determination of tetraconazole and kresoxim-methyl in strawberry was developed and validated via RRLC-QqQ-MS/MS. On basis of this method, the dissipation behaviours, residue distributions and dietary risk probability of these fungicides in strawberry were further investigated for food safety...
November 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Katchen Julliany P Silva, Asha M Brunings, Juliana A Pereira, Natalia A Peres, Kevin M Folta, Zhonglin Mou
BACKGROUND: Plant immune response is associated with a large-scale transcriptional reprogramming, which is regulated by numerous transcription regulators such as the Elongator complex. Elongator is a multitasking protein complex involved in diverse cellular processes, including histone modification, DNA methylation, and tRNA modification. In recent years, Elongator is emerging as a key regulator of plant immune responses. However, characterization of Elongator's function in plant immunity has been conducted only in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana...
December 1, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
Kazuhiro Nakai, Yasumasa Murata, Masahiro Osakabe
The application of ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation to control spider mites is challenging as a key technology for integrated pest management (IPM) in greenhouse strawberries in Japan. To address this, concurrent use of phytoseiid mites and reduced UVB irradiance is desirable to ensure control effects in areas shaded from UVB radiation and to minimize the sunscald in winter, respectively. We designed experiments reproducing the UVB dose on the lower leaf surfaces in strawberry and evaluated the effects of intermittent UVB irradiation at midnight for practical application in the greenhouse and low temperature on the survival of the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) and damage to the phytoseiid mite Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) (Acari: Phytoseiidae)...
November 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Yabo Xiong, Shaoyun Huang, Wenqi Wang, Xinghai Liu, Houbin Li
Polymer matrix composite materials that can emit radiation in the far-infrared region of the spectrum are receiving increasing attention due to their ability to significantly influence biological processes. This study reports on the far-infrared emissivity property of composite films based on far-infrared ceramic powder. X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and X-ray powder diffractometry were used to evaluate the physical properties of the ceramic powder...
November 29, 2017: Materials
Yang Xu, Dongwen Hu, Yuting Li, Chongde Sun, Wei Chen
Accumulating evidence indicates that consumption of berries may exert beneficial effects against oxidative stress mediated diseases. Pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside (Pg3G), a bioactive ingredient in strawberry, has been reported to possess a potent antioxidant capacity. This study was therefore designed to develop an effective method to prepare pure Pg3G from strawberry and investigate its protective effect against H2O2-induced oxidative stress. According to our results, Pg3G occupied 85.55% of total anthocyanin content in strawberry...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Misaki Ishibashi, Takeshi Nabe, Yoko Nitta, Hiroki Tsuruta, Miho Iduhara, Yuichi Uno
Fra a 1 protein in strawberry causes oral allergic syndrome. Over 39 Fra a 1 paralogs have been identified in strawberry genome. Fra a 1.01 is major accumulating protein in edible organs. Strawberry fruits contain allergenic proteins that cause oral allergic syndrome. The hypothesized major allergen is Fra a 1, an ortholog of the birch pollen allergen protein Bet v 1. We organized Fra a 1 genes and analyzed their localizations at the transcriptional and translational levels. In total, 15 new Fra a 1 proteins were identified from the genomic database, increasing the total number of Fra a 1 to 30 proteins encoded by 39 genes...
November 25, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
Joe Q He, Richard J Harrison, Bo Li
Background: Accurate and quantitative phenotypic data in plant breeding programmes is vital in breeding to assess the performance of genotypes and to make selections. Traditional strawberry phenotyping relies on the human eye to assess most external fruit quality attributes, which is time-consuming and subjective. 3D imaging is a promising high-throughput technique that allows multiple external fruit quality attributes to be measured simultaneously. Results: A low cost multi-view stereo (MVS) imaging system was developed, which captured data from 360° around a target strawberry fruit...
2017: Plant Methods
Ruolin Liu, Julie Dickerson
We propose a novel method and software tool, Strawberry, for transcript reconstruction and quantification from RNA-Seq data under the guidance of genome alignment and independent of gene annotation. Strawberry consists of two modules: assembly and quantification. The novelty of Strawberry is that the two modules use different optimization frameworks but utilize the same data graph structure, which allows a highly efficient, expandable and accurate algorithm for dealing large data. The assembly module parses aligned reads into splicing graphs, and uses network flow algorithms to select the most likely transcripts...
November 27, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
Mobasher Ali Abid, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Junaid Hassan Sharif, Khalid Rauf, Wajahat Mahmood, Ikarmullah Khan, Ghulam Abbas
The current study was aimed at investigating the total antioxidant activity (TAC) of various fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices habitat in Pakistan. The ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay was used to measure the TAC of various extracts (aqueous, ethanolic and aqueous-ethanolic). Following is the potency order for fruits (guava >strawberry >Pomegranate >apple >kinnow >melon >lemon >banana), vegetables (spinach >Cabbage (Purple) >Jalapeno >Radish >Brinjal >Bell Pepper >Lettuce >Carrot >Cabbage (White) >Onion >Potato >Tomato >Cucumber) and herbs/spices (clove >Rosemary >Thyme >Oregano >Cinnamon >Cumin >Kalonji >Paprika >Neem (Flower) >Fennel >Black Cardamom >Turmeric >Coriander >Ginger >Garlic)...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Blanka Tariba Lovaković, Maja Lazarus, Irena Brčić Karačonji, Karlo Jurica, Tanja Živković Semren, Dražen Lušić, Nataša Brajenović, Zdenka Pelaić, Alica Pizent
The concentration of 23 major and trace elements, total phenolic content (TPC) and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were determined in nine samples of strawberry tree honey and compared to other types of unifloral honeys. The most abundant elements in strawberry tree honey were potassium, calcium, magnesium and sodium, ranging between 1276 and 2367, 95.2-154, 14.4-74.4 and 13.4-64.3mg/kg, respectively. Strawberry tree honey had generally higher TPC (range: 0.314-0.522g GA/kg) and DPPH (1...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Maryam Ghiasi
A 42-year-old woman presented to the dermatology clinic with a 6-week history of rapidly progressive, painful gingival hyperplasia. She had recurrent epistaxis, and three necrotic ulcers had developed on her face over the previous 4 weeks. An oral examination revealed gingival hyperplasia with a..
November 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
Tanja Mimmo, Raphael Tiziani, Fabio Valentinuzzi, Luigi Lucini, Carlo Nicoletto, Paolo Sambo, Matteo Scampicchio, Youry Pii, Stefano Cesco
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient for humans, due to its antioxidant properties, whereas, to date, its essentiality to plants still remains to be demonstrated. Nevertheless, if added to the cultivation substrate, plants growth resulted enhanced. However, the concentration of Se in agricultural soils is very variable, ranging from 0.01 mg kg(-1) up to 10 mg kg(-1) in seleniferous areas. Therefore several studies have been performed aimed at bio-fortifying crops with Se and the approaches exploited were mainly based on the application of Se fertilizers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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