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Gustavo G Martos, Alicia Mamani, María P Filippone, Pedro O Abate, Néstor E Katz, Atilio P Castagnaro, Juan C Díaz Ricci
Plant secondary metabolism produces a variety of tannins that have a wide range of biological activities, including activation of plant defenses and antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antitumoral effects. The ellagitannin HeT (1- O -galloyl-2,3;4,6-bis-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-β-d-glucopyranose) from strawberry leaves elicits a strong plant defense response, and exhibits antimicrobial activity associated to the inhibition of the oxygen consumption, but its mechanism of action is unknown. In this paper we investigate the influence of HeT on bacterial cell membrane integrity and its effect on respiration...
February 2018: FEBS Open Bio
Henrique Jaster, Giordana Demaman Arend, Katia Rezzadori, Vitor Clasen Chaves, Flávio Henrique Reginatto, José Carlos Cunha Petrus
Strawberry juice was concentrated using block freeze concentration process. The concentrate was used to produce two yogurts with different concentrations of cryoconcentrated strawberry pulp (15% and 30%). Total lactic acid bacteria count, physicochemical and rheological properties was evaluated during storage (7days) for all yogurts. Also, the beverages produced were compared with two commercial trademarks. It was observed that the total lactic acid bacteria count remained higher than 108CFU·mL-1 during the storage time for all beverages studied...
February 2018: Food Research International
Samanta Thomas-Valdés, Cristina Theoduloz, Felipe Jiménez-Aspee, Alberto Burgos-Edwards, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann
The Chilean white strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis spp. chiloensis f. chiloensis) is a semi-domesticated strawberry with high polyphenol content and antioxidant activity occurring in southern Chile. The aim of this work was to compare the composition and bioactivity of the polyphenol-enriched fruit extract (PEE) before and after simulated gastrointestinal digestion (GID). Results show a decrease by >50% in the total phenolic (TP) content at the end of the GID, compared to the non-digested PEE. A reduction in the antioxidant capacity of the PEEs was observed after GID by means of DPPH, FRAP, TEAC and anion superoxide assays...
March 2018: Food Research International
Vitor C Chaves, Laurita Boff, Márcia Vizzotto, Eunice Calvete, Flávio H Reginatto, Cláudia M O Simões
BACKGROUND: Phytochemical profiles of two Brazilian native fruits, pitanga (red and purple) and araçá (yellow and red), as well as strawberry cultivars Albion, Aromas, and Camarosa, blackberry cultivar Tupy, and blueberry cultivar Bluegen cultivated in Brazil were characterized for total phenolic content and total anthocyanin content by liquid chromatography coupled to a photodiode array and a quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry detector. Radical scavenging, antiherpes, and cytotoxic activities of these berries extracts were also evaluated...
February 11, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Fengli Zhao, Gang Li, Panpan Hu, Xia Zhao, Liangjie Li, Wei Wei, Jiayue Feng, Houcheng Zhou
As the second largest transcription factor family in plant, the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor family, characterized by the conserved bHLH domain, plays a central regulatory role in many biological process. However, the bHLH transcription factor family of strawberry has not been systematically identified, especially for the anthocyanin biosynthesis. Here, we identified a total of 113 bHLH transcription factors and described their chromosomal distribution and bioinformatics for the diploid woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rubina Jibran, Helge Dzierzon, Nahla Bassil, Jill M Bushakra, Patrick P Edger, Shawn Sullivan, Chad E Finn, Michael Dossett, Kelly J Vining, Robert VanBuren, Todd C Mockler, Ivan Liachko, Kevin M Davies, Toshi M Foster, David Chagné
Black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis L.) is a niche fruit crop valued for its flavor and potential health benefits. The improvement of fruit and cane characteristics via molecular breeding technologies has been hindered by the lack of a high-quality reference genome. The recently released draft genome for black raspberry (ORUS 4115-3) lacks assembly of scaffolds to chromosome scale. We used high-throughput chromatin conformation capture (Hi-C) and Proximity-Guided Assembly (PGA) to cluster and order 9650 out of 11,936 contigs of this draft genome assembly into seven pseudo-chromosomes...
2018: Horticulture Research
Yan Zhong, Xiaohui Zhang, Zong-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: Plant disease resistance (R) genes are evolving rapidly and play a critical role in the innate immune system of plants. The nucleotide binding sites-leucine rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes are one of the largest classes in plant R genes. Previous studies have focused on the NBS-LRR genes from one or several species of different genera, and the sequenced genomes of the genus Fragaria offer the opportunity to study the evolutionary processes of these R genes among the closely related species...
February 8, 2018: BMC Genomics
Joelle K Salazar, Vriddi M Bathija, Christina K Carstens, Sartaj S Narula, Arlette Shazer, Diana Stewart, Mary Lou Tortorello
This study assessed the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in milkshakes made using the process-contaminated ice cream associated with a listeriosis outbreak in comparison to milkshakes made with artificially contaminated ice cream. For all temperatures, growth kinetics including growth rates, lag phases, maximum populations, and population increases were determined for the naturally and artificially derived contaminants at 5, 10, 15, and 25°C storage for 144 h. The artificially inoculated L. monocytogenes presented lower growth rates and shorter lag phases than the naturally contaminated populations at all temperatures except for 5°C, where the reverse was observed...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Ping Shao, Haoya Zhang, Ben Niu, Ligang Jiang
It was previously found that R-(+)-Limonene emulsion could be stabilized by Ulva fasciata polysaccharide. In the present study, emulsions of R-(+)-Limonene were developed for coating of strawberries to improve the shelf life and microbiological safety. Edible coatings with at least 0.15% w/w of R-(+)-Limonene improved the microbial stability of the strawberries, resulted effective in the decontamination of external pathogens such as Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Changes in weight loss, total soluble solid (TSS), pH, total phenolic, ascorbic acid, textural properties and surface color of strawberries during storage were evaluated...
January 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Thiago Castro, Jørgen Eilenberg, Italo Delalibera
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae is an important pest of strawberry crops in Brazil and many other countries. Focus for biocontrol studies involving entomopathogenic fungi has been on three species from the genus Metarhizium: M. anisopliae sensu stricto (s.s.), M. brunneum and M. robertsii. Also, the species Beauveria bassiana has been studied for spider mite control and one isolate (ESALQPL63) is commercially available in Brazil. New and undescribed Metarhizium species have been found recently in Brazil and provide a pool of isolates with potential for biocontrol in Brazil and probably also elsewhere...
February 6, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Mosaddiqur Rahman, Abdullah As Sabir, Julakha Akter Mukta, Md Mohibul Alam Khan, Mohammed Mohi-Ud-Din, Md Giashuddin Miah, Mahfuzur Rahman, M Tofazzal Islam
Strawberry is an excellent source of natural antioxidants with high capacity of scavenging free radicals. This study evaluated the effects of two plant probiotic bacteria, Bacillus amylolequefaciens BChi1 and Paraburkholderia fungorum BRRh-4 on growth, fruit yield and antioxidant contents in strawberry fruits. Root dipping of seedlings (plug plants) followed by spray applications of both probiotic bacteria in the field on foliage significantly increased fruit yield (up to 48%) over non-treated control. Enhanced fruit yield likely to be linked with higher root and shoot growth, individual and total fruit weight/plant and production of phytohormone by the probiotic bacteria applied on plants...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yasser Shahbazi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and chitosan (CH) coatings containing Mentha spicata essential oil (MSO 0.1 and 0.2%) on survival of Listeria monocytogenes, and physicochemical (weight loss, titratable acidity and pH), microbial (total viable count, psychrotrophic bacteria as well as yeasts and molds) and sensory (appearance, color, texture and overall acceptability) properties of fresh strawberries during refrigerated storage. The treatments of fruits with CH + MSO 0...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Hang Ma, Shelby L Johnson, Weixi Liu, Nicholas A DaSilva, Susan Meschwitz, Joel A Dain, Navindra P Seeram
Glycation is associated with several neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), where it potentiates the aggregation and toxicity of proteins such as β-amyloid (Aβ). Published studies support the anti-glycation and neuroprotective effects of several polyphenol-rich fruits, including berries, which are rich in anthocyanins. Herein, blackberry, black raspberry, blueberry, cranberry, red raspberry, and strawberry extracts were evaluated for: (1) total phenolic and anthocyanins contents, (2) free radical (DPPH) scavenging and reactive carbonyl species (methylglyoxal; MGO) trapping, (3) anti-glycation (using BSA-fructose and BSA-MGO models), (4) anti-Aβ aggregation (using thermal- and MGO-induced fibrillation models), and, (5) murine microglia (BV-2) neuroprotective properties...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yi Yang, Midori Tokita, Akira Ishiguchi
A number of studies revealed that our visual system can extract different types of summary statistics, such as the mean and variance, from sets of items. Although the extraction of such summary statistics has been studied well in isolation, the relationship between these statistics remains unclear. In this study, we explored this issue using an individual differences approach. Observers viewed illustrations of strawberries and lollypops varying in size or orientation and performed four tasks in a within-subject design, namely mean and variance discrimination tasks with size and orientation domains...
January 2018: I-Perception
Konstantina Zeliou, Vassilis Papasotiropoulos, Yiannis Manoussopoulos, Fotini N Lamari
BACKGROUND: The factors determining strawberry organoleptic profile are multiple and difficult to define. In this study, the sensory, physical and chemical quality characteristics, the antioxidant properties (FRAP and DPPH assays), lactone concentration and FaFAD1 expression of ripe strawberries (cv. Camarosa, Florida Fortuna, and Sabrina) from Greece were evaluated and their interrelationships were investigated. RESULTS: 'Camarosa' had the highest antioxidant capacity and polyphenol content, although significant intra-cultivar variations of sugars, SSC/TA, red color intensity, sweetness and hardness were recorded...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Mitra Tabari, Homayoon Alaghemand, Durdi Qujeq, Elahe Mohammadi
Aims and Objectives: Dental erosion is a common disease in children. Food diets, due to high amounts of juice, soft drinks, chewing gum, and acidic chocolate, are one of the most important risk factors in erosive processes among children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of candy and chocolate on the microhardness of tooth enamel. Materials and Methods: Two types of popping candy and one type of popping chocolate were used in this study. Thirty-three healthy permanent premolar teeth and 33 primary incisor teeth (A or B) were selected...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Wafaa I Brnawi, Navam S Hettiarachchy, Ronny Horax, Geetha Kumar-Phillips, Han-Seok Seo, John Marcy
Cinnamon leaf and bark essential oils have long been used as natural preservatives and flavoring agents in foods. This study determined antimicrobial effects of leaf and bark of cinnamon essential oils (CEOs) against 2 foodborne pathogens, Salmonella Typhimurium (S.T.) and Listeria monocytogenes (L.m.), at 2 initial bacterial levels (4- and 9-log CFU/mL) in strawberry shakes. The antimicrobial study of CEOs at 0.1% and 0.5% in strawberry shakes against S.T. and L.M. showed a significant difference (P < 0...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Paola Andrade, David Manzano, Karla Ramirez-Estrada, Daniel Caudepon, Montserrat Arro, Albert Ferrer, Michael A Phillips
The sesquiterpene alcohol nerolidol, synthesized from farnesyl diphosphate (FDP), mediates plant-insect interactions across multiple trophic levels with major implications for pest management in agriculture. We compared nerolidol engineering strategies in tobacco using agroinfiltration to transiently express strawberry (Fragraria ananassa) linalool/nerolidol synthase (FaNES1) either at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) or in the cytosol as a soluble protein. Using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GCMS), we have determined that FaNES1 directed to the ER via fusion to the transmembrane domain of squalene synthase or hydroxymethylglutaryl - CoA reductase displayed significant improvements in terms of transcript levels, protein accumulation, and volatile production when compared to its cytosolic form...
February 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Dilara Okut, Esra Devseren, Mehmet Koç, Özgül Özdestan Ocak, Haluk Karataş, Figen Kaymak-Ertekin
Purpose of this study was to develop prototype cooking equipment that can work at reduced pressure and to evaluate its performance for production of strawberry jam. The effect of vacuum cooking conditions on color soluble solid content, reducing sugars total sugars HMF and sensory properties were investigated. Also, the optimum vacuum cooking conditions for strawberry jam were optimized for Composite Rotatable Design. The optimum cooking temperature and time were determined targeting maximum soluble solid content and sensory attributes (consistency) and minimum Hue value and HMF content...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
J M Elías, M F Guerrero-Molina, M G Martínez-Zamora, J C Díaz-Ricci, R O Pedraza
• The induced systemic resistance (ISR) is one of the indirect mechanisms of growth promotion exerted by plant growth-promoting bacteria, and can be mediated by ethylene (ET). We assessed the ET production and the expression of related genes in the Azospirillum-strawberry plant interaction. • ET production was evaluated by gas chromatography in plants inoculated or not with A. brasilense REC3. Also, plants were treated with AgNO3 , an inhibitor of ET biosynthesis; with 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic-acid (ACC), a precursor of ET biosynthesis; and with indole acetic acid (IAA)...
January 19, 2018: Plant Biology
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