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sesame seed

Jun You, Yanyan Wang, Yujuan Zhang, Komivi Dossa, Donghua Li, Rong Zhou, Linhai Wang, Xiurong Zhang
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important oilseed crop. However, multiple abiotic stresses severely affect sesame growth and production. Raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs), such as raffinose and stachyose, play an important role in desiccation tolerance of plants and developing seeds. In the present study, three types of key enzymes, galactinol synthase (GolS), raffinose synthase (RafS) and stachyose synthase (StaS), responsible for the biosynthesis of RFOs were identified at the genome-wide scale in sesame...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Toshiyuki Sakaki, Kaori Yasuda, Miyu Nishikawa, Shinichi Ikushiro
 Sesamin, derived from sesame seeds, is known to have various biological effects. Since some of these effects appear to be derived from its metabolites, the elucidation of sesamin metabolism is essential to understanding the molecular mechanism of its effects. In addition, it is important to clarify drug-sesamin interactions in order to address safety concerns, as some food factors are known to affect drug metabolism. Our previous studies revealed that sesamin was sequentially metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase or sulfotransferase...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
An Manh Cuong, Nguyen Thi Le Na, Pham Nhat Thang, Trinh Ngoc Diep, Ly Bich Thuy, Nguyen Lai Thanh, Nguyen Dinh Thang
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is recognized that water polluted with toxic heavy metal ions may cause serious effects on human health. Therefore, the development of new materials for effective removal of heavy metal ions from water is still a widely important area. Melanin is being considered as a potential material for removal of heavy metal from water. METHODS: In this study, we synthesized two melanin-embedded beads from two different melanin powder sources and named IMB (Isolated Melanin Bead originated from squid ink sac) and CMB (Commercial Melanin Bead originated from sesame seeds)...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Helena Kandárová, Hana Bendova, Silvia Letasiova, Kelly P Coleman, Wim H De Jong, Dagmar Jírova
Several irritants were used in the in vitro irritation medical device round robin. The objective of this study was to verify their irritation potential using the human patch test (HPT), an in vitro assay, and in vivo data. The irritants were lactic acid (LA), heptanoic acid (HA), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Genapol® X-80 (GP), and Y-4 polymer. Dilute saline and sesame seed oil (SSO) solutions of each were evaluated using a 4 and 18 h HPT and the EpiDerm™ SIT-MD RhE assay; results were then compared to existing rabbit skin irritation test data...
February 17, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Bindu Madhuri Cavuturu, Vishwambar Vishnu Bhandare, Amutha Ramaswamy, Neelakantan Arumugam
By virtue of their regulatory role in the biological process, certain protein-protein complexes form potential targets for designing and discovery of drugs. Alteration set in the controlled formation of such complexes results in dysregulation of several metabolic processes, leading to diseased condition. β-catenin/Tcf4 complex is one such protein-protein complex found altered in colorectal epithelial cells resulting in activation of target genes leading to cancer. Recently certain lignans from seeds of the oil crop sesame were found inhibiting initiation and progression of this type of cancer...
February 18, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Geoffrey P Savage
Puffed corn snacks are tasty and affordable cereal-based food products which have a relatively poor nutritional quality. Sesame seed is a rich source of essential amino and fatty acids, phenolic compounds, tocopherols, and antioxidants. In this study, puffed corn snacks were produced by incorporating sesame powder at 0% (control sample), 5%, 10%, and 15% levels in its formulation and stored at room temperature (24°C) for 60 days. Fatty acid composition, tocopherol, sesamin and sesamolin, phenolic compounds, peroxide value (PV), acidity (AV), and sensory evaluation of the samples were determined...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
R Uotila, A K Kukkonen, W M Blom, B Remington, J Westerhout, A S Pelkonen, M J Mäkelä
BACKGROUND: Nut allergy varies from pollen cross-allergy, to primary severe allergy with life-threatening symptoms. The screening of IgE antibodies to a wide spectrum of allergens, including species-specific and cross-reactive allergens, is made possible via microarray analysis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the association of variable IgE sensitization profiles to clinical response in peanut-challenged children and adolescents in a birch-endemic region. In addition, we studied the avoidance of tree nuts and species-specific sensitizations...
January 29, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Sarita K Pandey, Tapash Dasgupta, Abhishek Rathore, Anilkumar Vemula
The genetic distance analysis for selection of suitable parents has been established and effectively used in many crops; however, there is dearth of conclusive report of relationship of genetic distance analysis with heterosis in sesame. In the present study, an attempt was made to estimate the associations of genetic distances using SSR (GDSSR), seed-storage protein profiling (GDSDS) and agro-morphological traits (GDMOR) with hybrid performance. Seven parents were selected from 60 exotic and Indian genotypes based on genetic distance from clustering pattern based on SSR, seed-storage protein, morphological traits and per se performance...
January 10, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
Honghao Cai, Wei-Gang Chuang, Xiaohong Cui, Ren-Hao Cheng, Kuohsun Chiu, Zhong Chen, Shangwu Ding
Phosphorus metabolism and circulation are essential bio-physicochemical processes during development of a plant and have been extensively studied and known to be affected by temperature, humidity, lighting, hormones etc. However, a quantitative description of how various phosphorous species evolve over time has not been reported. In this work, a combined 31P liquid and solid state NMR spectroscopic methodology is employed, supported by a new extraction scheme and data analysis method, to carry out a quantitative investigation of phosphorous circulation in germinating sesame seeds in dark and under illumination with and without adding a growth hormone...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tzu-Kai Lin, Lily Zhong, Juan Luis Santiago
Plant oils have been utilized for a variety of purposes throughout history, with their integration into foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. They are now being increasingly recognized for their effects on both skin diseases and the restoration of cutaneous homeostasis. This article briefly reviews the available data on biological influences of topical skin applications of some plant oils (olive oil, olive pomace oil, sunflower seed oil, coconut oil, safflower seed oil, argan oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, avocado oil, borage oil, jojoba oil, oat oil, pomegranate seed oil, almond oil, bitter apricot oil, rose hip oil, German chamomile oil, and shea butter)...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Patrice A Marchand, Claire Dimier-Vallet, Rodolphe Vidal
Piperonyl butoxide is a semi-synthetic synergist for natural pyrethrum and synthetic pyrethroid insecticides in phytochemicals and biocides. As such it is used in large quantities for crop treatments, stored grain protection, disinfestation of grain storage facilities and indoor uses. Piperonyl butoxide is consequently a regular contaminant in stored grains, and subsequently in corresponding cereal food products and meat via feed uses. Therefore it is regularly monitored and its MRL is ongoing a reassessment...
December 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Brian Gagosh Nayyar, Steve Woodward, Luis A J Mur, Abida Akram, Muhammad Arshad, S M Saqlan Naqvi, Shaista Akhund
Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is an important oil seed crop of Asia. Yields can be negatively impacted by various factors, including disease, particularly those caused by fungi which create problems in both production and storage. Foliar diseases of sesame such as Alternaria leaf blight may cause significant yield losses, with reductions in plant health and seed quality. The work reported here determined the incidence of Alternaria species infecting sesame seeds grown in the Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 428 Alternaria isolates were obtained from 105 seed samples and grouped into 36 distinct taxonomic groups based on growth pattern and morphological characters...
December 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
Abdul Qadir, Athar Ali, Muhammad Arif, Abdulmohsen H Al-Rohaimi, Satya Prakash Singh, Usama Ahmad, Mohd Khalid, Arun Kumar
The seed kernels of Sesamum indicum L. (family: Pedaliaceae) were extracted with ethanol and yield of components determined by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). The free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract against1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, phenolic, terpenoids, fatty acids and different types of ester compounds. The ethanolic extract was purified and analyzed by GC MS...
December 12, 2017: Drug Research
Eridiane da Silva Moura, José Cola Zanuncio, Lêda Rita D'antonino Faroni, Fernanda Fernandes Heleno, Carlos Federico Wilcken, Angelica Plata-Rueda, José Eduardo Serrão
Insect pests may make food products and by-products unfit for human consumption. This study reports the occurrence of Lasioderma serricorne (Coleoptera: Anobiidae) in packaged seeds of black Sesamum indicum. An intact plastic pot of S. indicum seeds was purchased by a consumer in a supermarket in Divinópolis, Minas Gerais state, Brazil, in April 2014 and was kept at his home for 3 months. Two hundred adults of this insect (196 dead and 4 alive) were counted in the pot with the seeds, besides three live larvae...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Goutam Banerjee, Srikanth Gorthi, Pritam Chattopadhyay
Disease in agricultural field is a big problem that causes a massive loss in production. In this present investigation, we have reported a soil-borne bacterium Bacillus cereus IB311 which is antagonistic to plant pathogens (Pseudomonas syringae and Agrobacterium tumefaciens), and could make a substantial contribution to the prevention of plant diseases. To prove the practical application, the strain was directly applied in agricultural field. The results demonstrated that B. cereus IB311 has increased the production (20% and 26% in term of average pod number per plant, average seed number per pod, and seed yield per experimental plot) in ground nut (Arachis hypogaea var...
October 16, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Daniëlle Peterse, M Mercedes Binda, Dorien F O, Arne Vanhie, Amelie Fassbender, Joris Vriens, Thomas M D'Hooghe
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how a novel laparoscopic approach allows the development of a mouse model for endometriosis after seeding menstrual endometrium from donor mice into the abdominal cavity of syngeneic recipient mice. DESIGN: A step-by-step video description of the techniques used to adapt the estrous cycle of mice towards a menstrual cycle and to subsequently induce endometriosis via laparoscopic seeding of menstrual endometrium. SETTING: University research institute ETHICS: All experiments were ethically approved by KU Leuven, Belgium (ethical approval number: P031/2013)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Amin F Majdalawieh, Mariam Massri, Gheyath K Nasrallah
Sesamin is the major active ingredient is Sesamum indicum seeds. Several studies revealed that sesamin possesses potent anti-cancer properties. The anti-cancer effects of sesamin have been mainly attributed to its anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-metastatic, anti- and pro-angiogenic, and pro-autophagocytic activities. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of the reported anti-cancer effects of sesamin, both in vitro and in vivo. Experimental findings related to the potential of sesamin to attenuate oxidative stress, inflammation, proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis in various cancer cells and tumors are analyzed...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Guodong Zhang, Lijun Hu, Régis Pouillot, Aparna Tatavarthy, Jane M Van Doren, Daria Kleinmeier, George C Ziobro, David Melka, Hua Wang, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Vincent K Bunning, Steven M Musser, Thomas S Hammack
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration conducted a survey to evaluate Salmonella prevalence and aerobic plate counts in packaged (dried) spices offered for sale at retail establishments in the United States. The study included 7,250 retail samples of 11 spice types that were collected during November 2013 to September 2014 and October 2014 to March 2015. No Salmonella-positive samples (based on analysis of 125 g) were found among retail samples of cumin seed (whole or ground), sesame seed (whole, not roasted or toasted, and not black), and white pepper (ground or cracked), for prevalence estimates of 0...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Emanuel Sarinho, Maria das Graças Moura Lins
OBJECTIVES: To guide the diagnostic and therapeutic management of severe forms of food allergy. DATA SOURCES: Search in the Medline database using the terms "severe food allergy," "anaphylaxis and food allergy," "generalized urticaria and food allergy," and "food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome" in the last ten years, searching in the title, abstract, or keyword fields. SUMMARY OF DATA: Food allergy can be serious and life-threatening...
November 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
D Mridula, Swati Sethi, Surya Tushir, Sheetal Bhadwal, R K Gupta, S K Nanda
Present study was undertaken to optimize the process conditions for development of food grains (maize, defatted soy flour, sesame seed)-banana based nutritious expanded snacks using extrusion processing. Experiments were designed using Box-Behnken design with banana pulp (8-24 g), screw speed (300-350 rpm) and feed moisture (14-16% w.b.). Seven responses viz. expansion ratio (ER), bulk density (BD), water absorption index (WAI), protein, minerals, iron and sensory acceptability were considered for optimizing independent parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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