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plant lignans

Muhammad Ibrahim, Kanwal Rehman, Aneeza Razzaq, Iqbal Hussain, Tahir Farooq, Amjad Hussain, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
The genus Urtica belongs to the family Urticaceae. The plants of this genus are known as nettles or, quite often, as stinging nettles. These plants can be easily identified by the presence of stinging hairs. Urtica species have previously been used for various medicinal purposes. The history for the use of these plants for medicinal purposes starts from the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). Medicinally, the genus Urtica has been used to treat several disorders, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, bronchitis, diarrhea, sprains, kidney stones, urinary tract infection, high blood pressure, hemorrhoids, flu, cough, fever, and ulcers...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
Wen-Hui Xu, Ping Zhao, Meng Wang, Qian Liang
Furofuran lignans containing the 2,6-diaryl-3,7-dioxabicyclo[3.3.0]octane skeleton, represent one of the major subclasses of the lignan family of natural products. Furofuran lignans feature a wide variety of structures due to different substituents at aryl groups and diverse configurations at furofuran ring. Moreover, they exhibit a wide range of significant biological activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, and antimicrobial activities. This review summarizes source, phytochemistry, and biological activities of 137 natural furofuran lignans isolated from 53 species in 41 genera of 27 plant families for the last 20 years, which provides a comprehensive information for further research of these furofuran lignans as potential pharmaceutical agents...
May 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
Xuan Liu, Xu Yan, Jinfeng Bi, Jianing Liu, Mo Zhou, Xinye Wu, Qinqin Chen
White-flesh guava is widely planted in tropical or subtropical areas of Southeast Asia. Despite of folk statements on specific function, few researches are focused on the description of its plant secondary metabolites. In the present work, contents of total phenolics and flavonoids as well as antioxidant activity from different parts (peel, flesh and seed) were determined. The constituents of ethanol extracts were characterized by HPLC-QTOF-MS. A total of 69 phenolic compounds as well as 9 polar compounds were detected, with flavonoids, hydrolyzable tannins, phenolic acid derivatives and benzophenones of the four predominant phenolic compounds...
May 13, 2018: Electrophoresis
Ming-Qiang Zhu, Run-Cang Sun
Eucommia ulmoides Oliver (EUO), a traditional Chinese herb, contains a variety of bioactive chemicals including lignans, iridoids, phenolics, steroids, terpenoids, flavonoids, etc. These bioactive chemicals possess the effective function in nourishing liver and kidney and regulating blood pressure. The composition of bioactive chemicals extracted from EUO vary to the different functional parts (leaves, seeds, bark and staminate flower) and planting models. The bioactive parts of EUO are widely utilized as raw materials for medicine and food, powdery extracts, herbal foumulations and tinctured extracts...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Chu Thi Thanh Huyen, Bui Thi Thuy Luyen, Ghulam Jilany Khan, Ha Van Oanh, Ta Manh Hung, Hui-Jun Li, Ping Li
This study was designed to search for novel anti-cancer compounds from natural plants. The 70% ethanolic extract from the rizhomes of Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim. (Ranunculaceae) was found to possess significant in vitro anti-proliferative effects on MCF-7 breast cancer cells. A phytochemical investigation using assay-guided fractionation of the ethanolic extract of C. dahurica resulted in the isolation of one new phenolic amide glycoside 3 , two new lignan glycosides 4 and 7 , one new 9,19-cycloartane triterpenoid glycoside 6 , and thirteen known constituents 1 , 2 , 5 , and 8 ⁻ 17 ...
May 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Naoual Kheyar-Kraouche, Andreia Bento da Silva, Ana Teresa Serra, Fatiha Bedjou, Maria R Bronze
Inula viscosa (I. viscosa) is a common Mediterranean plant, well known for its content on bioactive molecules. The chemical composition of an ethanolic extract from I. viscosa leaves, growing in Algeria, was analysed by liquid chromatography coupled to photodiode array detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS) operating in negative and positive mode. The methodology used revealed the presence of 51 compounds from which 47 were putatively identified, including 11 phenolic acids, 23flavonoids, one lignan and 12 terpenoids...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Amani Taamalli, David Arráez Román, Ana María Gómez Caravaca, Mokhtar Zarrouk, Antonio Segura Carretero
The olive plant has been extensively studied for its nutritional value, whereas its leaves have been specifically recognized as a processing by-product. Leaves are considered by-products of olive farming, representing a significant material arriving to the olive mill. They have been considered for centuries as an important herbal remedy in Mediterranean countries. Their beneficial properties are generally attributed to the presence of a range of phytochemicals such as secoiridoids, triterpenes, lignans, and flavonoids...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Cyrielle Corbin, Samantha Drouet, Lucija Markulin, Daniel Auguin, Éric Lainé, Laurence B Davin, John R Cort, Norman G Lewis, Christophe Hano
Identification of DIR encoding genes in flax genome. Analysis of phylogeny, gene/protein structures and evolution. Identification of new conserved motifs linked to biochemical functions. Investigation of spatio-temporal gene expression and response to stress. Dirigent proteins (DIRs) were discovered during 8-8' lignan biosynthesis studies, through identification of stereoselective coupling to afford either (+)- or (-)-pinoresinols from E-coniferyl alcohol. DIRs are also involved or potentially involved in terpenoid, allyl/propenyl phenol lignan, pterocarpan and lignin biosynthesis...
April 30, 2018: Plant Molecular Biology
Victoria Pastor, Paloma Sánchez-Bel, Jordi Gamir, María J Pozo, Víctor Flors
Background: Systemin has been extensively studied since it was discovered and is described as a peptidic hormone in tomato plants and other Solanaceae . Jasmonic acid and systemin are proposed to act through a positive feed-back loop with jasmonic acid, playing synergistic roles in response to both wounding and insect attack. Despite its biological relevance, most studies regarding the function of systemin in defence have been studied via PROSYSTEMIN (PROSYS) gene expression, which encodes the propeptide prosystemin that is later cleaved to systemin (SYS)...
2018: Plant Methods
Sophie Lefèvre-Arbogast, David Gaudout, Julien Bensalem, Luc Letenneur, Jean-François Dartigues, Boris P Hejblum, Catherine Féart, Cécile Delcourt, Cécilia Samieri
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the optimal combination of dietary polyphenols associated with the long-term risk of dementia in a large prospective French cohort of older persons, the Three-City (3C) Study. METHODS: We included 1,329 older adults without dementia from the 3C study with assessment of intake of 26 polyphenol subclasses who were followed up for 12 years for dementia. Using partial least squares for Cox models, we identified a pattern of polyphenol intake associated with dementia risk...
April 27, 2018: Neurology
I D S L Pio, A L Lavor, C M D Damasceno, P M N Menezes, F S Silva, G L A Maia
This study aimed to carry out an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by inhabitants of the Rodeadouro Island, Jatoba Island and Massangano Island, located in The Submedium São Francisco River Valley. Also phytochemicals and preliminary pharmacological tests were performed to species most cited by the community. Ethnobotanical data were collected through observation visits and semi-structured interviews with 12 key informants. We calculated the relative importance (RI), the percentage of agreement related to the main uses (cAMU) and use value (UV)...
April 19, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Agnieszka Szopa, Marta Klimek-Szczykutowicz, Adam Kokotkiewicz, Anna Maślanka, Agata Król, Maria Luczkiewicz, Halina Ekiert
In the presented work, raw materials (fruits and leaves) and in vitro biomass of a highly productive Schisandra chinensis Sadova No. 1 cultivar (SchS) were evaluated for the production of therapeutically useful schisandra lignans (SL). In vitro cultures of SchS were initiated, followed by extensive optimization studies focused on maximizing secondary metabolite production, with the aim of establishing a sustainable source of SL. Different cultivation systems (agar, agitated, bioreactor), experiment times (10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days) and plant growth regulators (6-benzyladenine-BA and 1-naphthaleneacetic acid-NAA, from 0 to 3 mg/l) in Murashige-Skoog (MS) medium were tested...
April 23, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Laura Gaman, Dorin Dragos, Adelina Vlad, Georgiana Catalina Robu, Mugurel Petrinel Radoi, Laura Stroica, Mihaela Badea, Marilena Gilca
Despite recent advances in understanding the complex pathogenesis of pancreatitis, the management of the disease remains suboptimal. The use of phytoceuticals (plant-derived pleiotropic multitarget molecules) represents a new research trend in pancreatology. The purpose of this review is to discuss the phytoceuticals with pancreatoprotective potential in acute pancreatitis and whose efficacy is based, at least in part, on their capacity to modulate the acinar cell death. The phytochemicals selected, belonging to such diverse classes as polyphenols, flavonoids, lignans, anthraquinones, sesquiterpene lactones, nitriles, and alkaloids, target the balance between apoptosis and necrosis...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Vanessa Santana Vieira Santos, Karen Magalhães Arantes, Ester Luiza Gonçalves, Carlos Fernando Campos, Edimar Olegário de Campos Júnior, Antônio Marcos Machado de Oliveira, Boscolli Barbosa Pereira
Phyllanthus niruri is a plant that is used to prevent calcium oxalate crystallisation and to block the stone formation in urolithiasis. Contaminants in the environment can be readily taken up by medicinal plants due to their ability to absorb chemicals into their tissues. If contaminated plants are ingested, they have the potential to negatively affect human and environmental health. The aim of this study was to assess contamination in the soil and the medicinal plant P. niruri by cadmium (Cd) in ceramic industrial areas of Monte Carmelo, Brazil...
April 22, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Wei-Sheng Feng, Yu-Huan He, Xiao-Ke Zheng, Bei-Bei Dong, Yan-Li Zhang, Yan-Gang Cao, Yan-Yun Yang, Jing-Ke Zhang
The present study aims to investigate the lignans from the flower buds of Magnolia biondii. The isolation and purification of the compounds were performed by column chromatographies on Diaion HP-20, silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20, combined with semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral data and physiochemical properties. Eighteen compounds were isolated and identified as magnolin (1), epimagnolin (2), eudesmin (3), kobusin (4), aschantin (5), lirioresinol B dimethyl ether (6), pinoresinol monomethy ether (7), (+)-de-O-methylmagnolin (8), isoeucommin A (9), syringaresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10), phillygenin (11), lariciresinol-4'-O-β-1-D-glucoside (12), conicaoside (13), (7'S, 8'R)-dihydrodehydrodiconiferylalcohol (14), 7R*, 8S*-dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (15), 7S, 8R-erythro-7, 9, 9'-trihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (16), 7S, 8R-erythro-4, 9, 9'-trihydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (17), and (+)-isolariciresinol (18)...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yan-Ru Li, Chun-Sheng Fu, Wen-Jing Yang, Xiao-Ling Wang, Dan Feng, Xiao-Ning Wang, Dong-Mei Ren, Hong-Xiang Lou, Tao Shen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl has been used for the traditional medicine as a therapeutic agent of inflammation-related diseases, including sprains, rheumatic arthritis, abdominal pain, cough and bronchitis, for a long history. The aim of the present study was to illustrate anti-inflammatory substances of C. camphora and their mechanism of action, and to establish the correlations between chemical constituents and traditional uses of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chemical constituents were purified by chromatographic methods, and their structures were established based on spectroscopic analysis...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Paola García-Huertas, Francisco Olmo, Manuel Sánchez-Moreno, Jorge Dominguez, Rachid Chahboun, Omar Triana-Chávez
Piperaceae species are abundant in the tropics and are important components of secondary vegetation. Many of these plants have received considerable attention due to their wide range of biological activities. Here, the trypanocidal activity of extracts and fractions with different polarities obtained from Colombian Piper jericoense plant was evaluated. A furofuran lignan, (1S,3aS,4S,6aS)-1-(3',4'-dimethoxyphenyl)-4-(3″,4″-methylendioxyphenyl)hexahydrofuro[3,4-c]furan, (1), was isolated from Colombian Piper jericoense leaves ethyl acetate extract...
April 12, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Rita Könye, Gergő Tóth, Anna Sólyomváry, Zsolt Mervai, Moritz Zürn, Kornélia Baghy, Ilona Kovalszky, Péter Horváth, Ibolya Molnár-Perl, Béla Noszál, Szabolcs Béni, Imre Boldizsár
While analyzing the fruit composition of nine European Cirsium species representing three sections (i.e., Cephalonoplos, Chamaeleon and Eriolepis), four lignans, three neolignans and three sesquineolignans were determined and used as chemotaxonomic markers. Among them, desmethyl balanophonin and desmethyl picrasmalignan were determined for the first time in the plant kingdom, as the main metabolites of the Chamaeleon section. Prebalanophonin and prepicrasmalignan, identified so far exclusively in C. eriophorum, were also confirmed in C...
April 10, 2018: Fitoterapia
Fabiola Domínguez, Paola Maycotte, Adilene Acosta-Casique, Sofía Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Diego A Moreno, Federico Ferreres, Juan Carlos Flores-Alonso, María Guadalupe Delgado-López, Martín Pérez-Santos, Maricruz Anaya-Ruiz
Plants from the Bursera genus are widely distributed in the tropical dry forests of Mexico. In traditional medicine, extracts from different species of Bursera have been used for a wide range of biological activities, including the treatment of cancer-related symptoms. Compounds present in the Bursera genus include lignans, flavonoids, steroids, short-chain aliphatic alkanes, acetates, alcohols, ketones, and terpenoids. In some instances, secondary metabolites of these classes of compounds may induce cytotoxicity, and therefore we sought to investigate the effects of B...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Florence Malongane, Lyndy J McGaw, Hlengilizwe Nyoni, Fhatuwani N Mudau
Increased preference to herbal drinks has led to global interest in the use and production of different plant species for the preparation of various drink formulations. Medicinal properties derived from bioactive compounds remain the main driver of choice for herbal teas. This study determined the chemical variation in honeybush, rooibos, special and bush tea, profiled compounds responsible for such differences and compared their peak areas. Nuclear magnetic resonance and high resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to determine compound variation and profiling...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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