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pregnancy after bariatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895929/late-complications-of-bariatric-surgery-in-pregnancy
#1
Anniek Reijnierse, Janneke A Burgers, Attie Tji Go, Johannes F Zengerink, Robin Mf van der Weiden
Severe complications of bariatric surgery in pregnancy can appear many years later, even if there is a history of an uneventful pregnancy after bariatric surgery and a stable body mass index for years. We present the case of a pregnant patient who presented to our gynaecology department with an internal herniation after Roux and Y gastric bypass surgery.
November 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791421/elevated-plasma-pancreatic-enzyme-concentrations-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-may-indicate-closed-loop-obstruction
#2
K Arapis, P Tammaro, G Goujon, H Becheur, P Augustin, J P Marmuse
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is one of the most commonly performed bariatric procedures and most patients are women of reproductive age. Consequently, general surgeons and obstetricians need to be aware that these patients are at risk of bariatric specific surgical complications during their pregnancy. We report a case involving a 32-year-old woman who had undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery 2 years previously. She presented at 25 weeks of gestation with a closed loop obstruction due to a retrograde jejunojejunal intussusception that was initially misdiagnosed as acute pancreatitis...
October 28, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773356/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-endometrial-hyperplasia-an-overview-of-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery-in-female-fertility
#3
Vasileios Charalampakis, Abd A Tahrani, Ahmed Helmy, Janesh K Gupta, Rishi Singhal
One of the most effective methods to tackle obesity and its related comorbidities is bariatric surgery. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometrial hyperplasia (EH), which are associated with increased risk of endometrial carcinoma, have been identified as potentially new indications for bariatric surgery. PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder in women in the reproductive age and is associated with several components of the metabolic syndrome such as obesity, insulin resistance and hypertension. EH is a pre-cancerous condition which arises in the presence of chronic exposure to estrogen unopposed by progesterone such as both in PCOS and obesity...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757488/altered-glucose-profiles-and-risk-for-hypoglycaemia-during-oral-glucose-tolerance-testing-in-pregnancies-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#4
Michael Feichtinger, Tina Stopp, Sandra Hofmann, Stephanie Springer, Sophie Pils, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Herbert Kiss, Wolfgang Eppel, Andrea Tura, Latife Bozkurt, Christian S Göbl
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A history of gastric bypass surgery can influence the results of the OGTT recommended during pregnancy. Therefore, we compared OGTT glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome between pregnant gastric bypass patients and BMI-matched, lean and obese controls. METHODS: Medical records were used to collect data on glucose measurements during the 2 h 75 g OGTT as well as on pregnancy and fetal outcome for 304 women (n = 76 per group, matched for age and date of delivery)...
January 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629135/the-use-of-contraception-for-patients-after-bariatric-surgery
#5
Lucyna Ostrowska, Medard Lech, Ewa Stefańska, Marta Jastrzębska-Mierzyńska, Joanna Smarkusz
Obesity in women of reproductive age is a serious concern regarding reproductive health. In many cases of infertility in obese women, reduction of body weight may lead to spontaneous pregnancy, without the need for more specific methods of treatment. Bariatric surgery is safe and is the most effective method for body weight reduction in obese and very obese patients. In practice there are two bariatric techniques; gastric banding, which leads to weight loss through intake restriction, and gastric bypass, leads to weight loss through food malabsorption...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619323/early-postpartum-gastric-band-slippage-after-bariatric-surgery-in-an-adolescent-obese-girl
#6
Françoise Schmitt, Philippe Topart, Agnès Salle, Loïc Sentilhes, Natacha Bouhours-Nouet, Régis Coutant, Dominique Weil, Guillaume Podevin
We report here a case of a rarely described complication of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), slippage during the postpartum period, after LAGB had been performed in an adolescent obese girl. The LAGB had been placed after one year of clinical survey initiated at the age of 16. Maximal pre-operative body mass index (BMI) was 48.5 kg.m(-2) and obesity was associated with insulin resistance. Before pregnancy, there was a loss of 17 Kg (final BMI = 41.5 kg.m(-2)) and a resolution of insulin resistance...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598916/-diabetes-in-pregnancy-type-1-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Helmut Kleinwechter, Norbert Demandt
In Germany in 5.5% of all births diabetes is registered. In patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes planning pregnancy, preconception counseling, diabetologic care with optimized periconceptional metabolic control and folic acid supplementation are essential for good pregnancy outcome. Gestational diabetes (GDM) should be diagnosed timely and managed according to existing guidelines. GDM is treated with insulin in approximately 20%. In 1-2% of GDM cases a glucokinase gene mutation is present (MODY 2). Pregnancies after bariatric-metabolic surgery are increasing and show high risks...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582799/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-no-problem
#8
REVIEW
Muchabayiwa Gidiri, Ian A Greer
Bariatric surgery is highly effective for weight loss in morbid obesity. With the high prevalence of severe obesity in the developed world, and the acknowledgement of the effectiveness of these procedures by National Institute for Clinical Excellence (in the UK) and the Food and Drug Administration (in the USA), women with severe obesity will increasingly seek such treatment. As the majority of these patients are women of reproductive age, obstetricians will encounter these patients frequently during pregnancy...
March 2009: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562576/complications-of-banded-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-a-33-week-pregnant-woman
#9
Christel A L de Raaff, Wietse J Eshuis, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ruben N van Veen
Women desiring pregnancy might fail to conceive due to their obesity. Bariatric surgery has shown to reduce this infertility up to 58% and is therefore considered a successful strategy for morbidly obese infertile women. Nevertheless, when pregnancy has succeeded, surgery-related complications might occur.Banded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-LRYGB) is a relatively new technique in which a band is placed around the small gastric pouch. We report a case of a 30-year-old woman who succeeded to become pregnant after weight loss due to B-LRYGB, but presented with acute abdominal pain in Week 33 of her pregnancy...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552635/advancements-in-the-treatment-of-hypothyroidism-with-l-t4-liquid-formulation-or-soft-gel-capsule-an-update
#10
Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Ilaria Ruffilli, Francesca Ragusa, Marco Biricotti, Gabriele Materazzi, Paolo Miccoli, Alessandro Antonelli
INTRODUCTION: The most recent advance concerning levothyroxine (L-T4) therapy is the development of novel oral formulations: the liquid preparation, and the soft gel capsule. AREAS COVERED: This review evaluates the most recent clinical studies about these new formulations. The liquid formulation has been shown to overcome: the food and beverages intereference with L-T4 tablets absorption, caused by food or coffee at breakfast; malabsorption induced by the increased gastric pH, resulting from atrophic gastritis, or due to proton-pump inhibitors; and malabsorption after bariatric surgery...
August 23, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532274/evaluation-of-the-association-between-preoperative-clinical-factors-and-long-term-weight-loss-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
G Craig Wood, Peter N Benotti, Clare J Lee, Tooraj Mirshahi, Christopher D Still, Glenn S Gerhard, Michelle R Lent
Importance: Weight loss after bariatric surgery varies, yet preoperative clinical factors associated with long-term suboptimal outcomes are not well understood. Objective: To evaluate the association between preoperative clinical factors and long-term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Design, Setting, and Participants: From June 2001 to September 2007, this retrospective cohort study followed up RYGB patients before surgery to 7 to 12 years after surgery...
November 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488114/pregnancy-following-bariatric-surgery-medical-complications-and-management
#12
REVIEW
Ram Prakash Narayanan, Akheel A Syed
Bariatric surgery is most commonly carried out in women of childbearing age. Whilst fertility rates are improved, pregnancy following bariatric surgery poses several challenges. Whilst rates of many adverse maternal and foetal outcomes in obese women are reduced after bariatric surgery, pregnancy is best avoided for 12-24 months to reduce the potential risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Dumping syndromes are common after bariatric surgery and can present diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in pregnancy...
October 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473473/aurora-bariatric-surgery-registration-in-women-of-reproductive-age-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Goele Jans, Christophe Matthys, Sarah Bel, Lieveke Ameye, Matthias Lannoo, Bart Van der Schueren, Bruno Dillemans, Luc Lemmens, Jean-Pierre Saey, Yves van Nieuwenhove, Pascale Grandjean, Ben De Becker, Hilde Logghe, Marc Coppens, Kristien Roelens, Anne Loccufier, Johan Verhaeghe, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: The expansion of the obesity epidemic is accompanied with an increase in bariatric procedures, in particular in women of reproductive age. The weight loss induced by the surgery is believed to reverse the negative impact of overweight and obesity on female reproduction, however, research is limited to in particular retrospective cohort studies and a growing number of small case-series and case-(control) studies. METHODS/DESIGN: AURORA is a multicenter prospective cohort study...
July 29, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350179/optimum-time-for-pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Kamal K Mahawar, Yitka Graham, Peter K Small
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302187/pregnancy-management-after-bariatric-surgery
#15
Nevert Badreldin, Jeffrey Kuller, Eleanor Rhee, Laura Brown, Steven Laifer
Obesity is a source of major morbidity and mortality and is a growing concern worldwide. Maternal obesity is associated with increased maternal and fetal risks during pregnancy. Bariatric surgery has emerged as one of the most sustainable treatments for severe obesity and its comorbidities. Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery often experience drastic improvements in hypertension and diabetes. It is not surprising, therefore, that the incidence of bariatric surgery is increasing, particularly in women of childbearing age...
June 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188055/-pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery
#16
Lucie Favre, Muriel Clarisse, François P Pralong, Michel Suter, Pierre Fournier, David Baud
Bariatric surgery interventions are rapidly growing and most are performed on female patients. Thus, pregnancies after bariatric surgery are increasingly common. Awareness of the consequences and risks of bariatric surgery on subsequent pregnancies is important. Literature data report a reduction of the usual pregnancy risks of pregnancies in obese patients, but also an increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants, possibly related to nutritional deficiencies. A careful screening for micronutrient deficiencies is therefore already advised before conception...
March 23, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174246/the-effect-of-pregnancy-before-and-or-after-bariatric-surgery-on-weight-loss
#17
Dvir Froylich, Ricard Corcelles, Christopher R Daigle, John P Kirwan, Stacy A Brethauer, Philip R Schauer
BACKGROUND: Women of childbearing age represent 31%-36% of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. However, the influence of pregnancy before or after bariatric surgery on surgery outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of pregnancy before and after bariatric surgery on overall weight loss. SETTING: An academic center in the United States. METHODS: All female patients who had a successful pregnancy between 2005 and 2014 were included...
March 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159745/internal-herniation-in-pregnancy-after-gastric-bypass-a-systematic-review
#18
Valerie Vannevel, Goele Jans, Magdalena Bialecka, Matthias Lannoo, Roland Devlieger, Tim Van Mieghem
OBJECTIVE: To assess maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by internal herniation after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified through searches in online databases (ClinicalTrials.gov, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Google Scholar) from January 1980 to March 2015 for the following terms: [gastric bypass OR bariatric surgery] AND [pregnancy] AND [complication OR herniation OR obstruction]. Reference lists of relevant articles were hand-searched...
June 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052316/reproductive-outcomes-differ-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-adjustable-gastric-band-compared-with-those-of-an-obese-non-surgical-group
#19
Randi H Goldman, Stacey A Missmer, Malcolm K Robinson, Leslie V Farland, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how bariatric surgery type may impact reproductive health outcomes. Our objective was to determine differences in infertility and birth outcomes among women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), adjustable gastric band (AGB), and an obese non-surgical group. METHODS: Women aged 18-45 who were evaluated for bariatric surgery were invited to complete a survey. Pre- and post-surgery outcomes were compared among women who underwent RYGB vs...
April 6, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034060/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-the-postpartum-period-increased-risk-of-bleeding-a-challenging-situation
#20
Omar Abouzahr, Fabio Garofalo, Pierre Y Garneau
The female population represents three-fourths of patients undergoing a bariatric procedure and could be scheduled for surgery in their postpartum period. We report a difficult case of a female patient who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy 6 weeks postpartum. The postpartum period is accompanied by pronounced vasodilatation with transient portal hypertension. Most of the hemodynamic alterations occurring during pregnancy return to baseline within 6-8 weeks after delivery. Bariatric surgery in the postpartum period should be avoided in order for the cardiovascular system to regain its normality...
June 2016: Obesity Surgery
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