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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178709/neoplastic-meningitis-due-to-lung-breast-and-melanoma-metastases
#1
REVIEW
Emilie Le Rhun, Sophie Taillibert, Marc C Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Neoplastic meningitis, a central nervous system (CNS) complication of cancer metastatic to the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), is relevant to oncologists due to the impact of the disease on patient quality of life and survival rates. METHODS: A review of the literature of articles published in English was conducted with regard to neoplastic meningitis. RESULTS: The incidence of neoplastic meningitis is increasing because patients with cancer are surviving longer in part because of the use of novel therapies with poor CNS penetration...
January 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128698/leptomeningeal-dissemination-of-a-low-grade-lumbar-paraganglioma-case-report
#2
Nick Thomson, Karel Pacak, Meic H Schmidt, Cheryl A Palmer, Karen L Salzman, Marjan Champine, Joshua D Schiffman, Adam L Cohen
Leptomeningeal dissemination of paraganglioma is rare, with only 2 prior cases in the literature. The authors present the case of a metastatic low-grade lumbar paraganglioma via leptomeningeal dissemination. This report emphasizes the utility of 3,4-dihydroxy-6-(18)F-fluoro-l-phenylalanine ((18)F-FDOPA) PET scanning for diagnosis, as well as the combination of radiation therapy and alkylating chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of this rare phenomenon. The patient was a 61-year-old woman who presented with low-back pain and was found to have an isolated L-3 intrathecal tumor on MRI...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049229/tandem-high-dose-chemotherapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-high-grade-gliomas-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Ji Won Lee, Do Hoon Lim, Ki Woong Sung, Hyeong Jin Lee, Eun Sang Yi, Keon Hee Yoo, Hong Hoe Koo, Yeon Lim Suh, Hyung Jin Shin
With the aim to investigate the outcome of tandem high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDCT/auto-SCT) for high-grade gliomas (HGGs), we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 30 patients with HGGs (16 glioblastomas, 7 anaplastic astrocytomas, and 7 other HGGs) between 2006 and 2015. Gross or near total resection was possible in 11 patients. Front-line treatment after surgery was radiotherapy (RT) in 14 patients and chemotherapy in the remaining 16 patients including 3 patients less than 3 years of age...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027868/intravesical-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Roger Chou, Shelley Selph, David I Buckley, Rongwei Fu, Jessica C Griffin, Sara Grusing, John L Gore
PURPOSE: We systematically review the benefits and harms of intravesical therapies for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic literature searches were performed of Ovid MEDLINE (January 1990 through February 2016), the Cochrane databases and reference lists. Randomized and quasi-randomized trials of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin, mitomycin C, gemcitabine, thiotepa, valrubicin, doxorubicin, epirubicin and interferon vs transurethral bladder tumor resection alone, and head-to-head trials of intravesical therapies were selected...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968820/mortality-outcomes-after-busulfan-containing-conditioning-treatment-and-haemopoietic-cell-transplantation-in-patients-with-gilbert-s-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
George B McDonald, Ashley T Evans, Jeannine S McCune, Gary Schoch, J Donald Ostrow, Ted A Gooley
BACKGROUND: Gilbert's syndrome is a common inherited disorder of bilirubin metabolism, characterised by mild, unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. However, the effect of Gilbert's syndrome on the disposition of some drugs can lead to unexpected toxicity. We tested the hypothesis that patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning and haemopoietic cell transplantation would have different mortality outcomes depending on whether or not they had laboratory evidence of Gilbert's syndrome. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we used clinical and laboratory data of patients who had haemopoietic cell transplantation from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2011...
November 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931805/evaluation-of-single-dose-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-in-detecting-the-mutagenicity-of-thiotepa-in-rats
#6
Eri Tsutsumi, Ayaka Momonami, Hisako Hori, Yoshinori Kitagawa
The Pig-a assay, which uses reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) as target cells, is anticipated to detect mutagenicity at earlier time points than the RBC Pig-a assay, which uses all red blood cells as target cells. As part of a collaborative study conducted by the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study (MMS) Group, we evaluated the PIGRET and RBC Pig-a assays to detect Pig-a gene mutations induced by the carcinogen thiotepa. A single dose of thiotepa at 7.5, 15, and 30mg/kg was administered to 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats by oral gavage...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892948/long-term-outcomes-after-thiotepa-based-high-dose-therapy-hdt-and-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-auto-hct-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-nhl
#7
N Shah, S Rauenzahn, L Veltri, S Wen, M Craig, M Hamadani, A S Kanate, A Cumpston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884539/intravesical-chemotherapy-use-after-radical-nephroureterectomy-a-national-survey-of-urologic-oncologists
#8
Diane D Lu, Stephen A Boorjian, Jay D Raman
: To determine the use of prophylactic intravesical chemotherapy (pIVC) following radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) and barriers to utilization in a survey study of urologic oncologists. METHODS: A survey instrument was constructed, which queried respondents on professional experience, practice environment, pIVC use, and reasons for not recommending pIVC when applicable. The survey was electronically distributed to members of the Society of Urologic Oncology over an 8-week period...
March 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771496/phase-ii-study-of-yttrium-90-ibritumomab-tiuxetan-as-part-of-reduced-intensity-conditioning-with-melphalan-fludarabine-%C3%A2-thiotepa-for-allogeneic-transplantation-in-relapsed-or-refractory-aggressive-b-cell-lymphoma-a-geltamo-trial
#9
Monica Cabrero, Alejandro Martin, Javier Briones, Jorge Gayoso, Isidro Jarque, Javier López, Carlos Grande, Inmaculada Heras, Reyes Arranz, Teresa Bernal, Estefania Perez-Lopez, Oriana López-Godino, Eulogio Conde, Dolores Caballero
We designed a phase II clinical trial including Y-90 ibritumomab-tiuxetan as part of a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (AlloSCT) in high-risk non-Hodgkin lymphoma (Clinical Trials Identifier: NCT00644371). Eligible patients had high-risk relapsed/refractory aggressive lymphoma. The conditioning regimen consisted of rituximab 250 mg (days -21 and -14), Y-90 ibritumomab IV (.4 m Ci/kg, day -14), fludarabine 30 mg/m(2) i.v. (days -3 and -2) plus melphalan 70 mg/m(2) i...
January 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724812/tcr%C3%AE-%C3%AE-depleted-haploidentical-transplantation-results-in-adult-acute-leukemia-patients
#10
Leylagul Kaynar, Koray Demir, Esra Ermiş Turak, Çiğdem Pala Öztürk, Gökmen Zararsız, Zeynep Burçin Gönen, Selma Gökahmetoğlu, Serdar Şıvgın, Bülent Eser, Yavuz Köker, Musa Solmaz, Ali Ünal, Mustafa Çetin
INTRODUCTION: The use of αβ+ T-cell-depleted grafts is a novel approach to prevent graft failure, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and non-relapse mortality (NRM) in patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. PATIENT AND METHOD: Thirty-four patients with acute leukemia and lacking a match donor were treated with αβ T-cell-depleted allografts from haploidentical family donors. A total of 24 patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 10 had acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
October 10, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716885/mitomycin-c-from-birth-to-adulthood
#11
Vincenzo Serretta, Cristina Scalici Gesolfo, Vincenza Alonge, Fabrizio Di Maida, Giovanni Caruana
Mitomycin C (MMC) intravesical therapy for "superficial" papillary bladder tumors was firstly introduced in the early seventies with promising results. In the following years, several pharmacokinetic studies investigated its mechanism of action to optimize the intravesical administration. Numerous studies confirmed thereafter both the ablative and the prophylactic efficacy and the low toxicity of MMC when intravesically given. In 1984, a complete response rate of 42% in 60 patients not responsive to thiotepa was reported with intravesical MMC at the dose of 40 mg diluted in 40 ml for 8 weeks...
October 4, 2016: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715384/allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-nonmalignant-hematologic-disorders-using-chemotherapy-only-cytoreductive-regimens-and-t-cell-depleted-grafts-from-human-leukocyte-antigen-matched-or-mismatched-donors
#12
Alberto Mussetti, Nancy A Kernan, Susan E Prockop, Andromachi Scaradavou, Rachel Lehrman, Julianne M Ruggiero, Kevin Curran, Rachel Kobos, Richard O'Reilly, Farid Boulad
Nonmalignant hematologic disorders (NMHD) of childhood comprise a variety of disorders, including acquired severe aplastic anemia and inherited marrow failure syndromes. Patients with high-risk NMHD without matched related donors fare poorly with allogeneic hematopoietic alternative donor stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and are at high risk for developing graft-versus-host disease following unmodified grafts. The authors retrospectively analyzed data on 18 patients affected by NMHD, lacking a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor, who underwent an alternative donor allo-HSCT at their institution between April 2005 and May 2013...
September 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713090/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-toxicities-in-patients-with-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-undergoing-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-using-thiotepa-busulfan-and-cyclophosphamide-conditioning
#13
Michael Scordo, Valkal Bhatt, Meier Hsu, Antonio M Omuro, Matthew J Matasar, Lisa M DeAngelis, Parastoo B Dahi, Craig H Moskowitz, Sergio A Giralt, Craig S Sauter
High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with thiotepa, busulfan, and cyclophosphamide (TBC) conditioning has emerged as an effective postinduction treatment strategy for patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) or secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL), but it is associated with considerable toxicity and transplantation-related mortality (TRM) in the modern era. Forty-three adult patients with chemosensitive PCNSL or SCNSL underwent TBC-conditioned ASCT between 2006 and 2015...
January 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673280/thiotepa-based-conditioning-for-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-survey-from-the-acute-leukemia-working-party-of-the-european-society-for-blood-and-marrow-transplantation
#14
Sandra Eder, Eric Beohou, Myriam Labopin, Jaime Sanz, Jürgen Finke, William Arcese, Reuven Or, Francesca Bonifazi, Mahmoud Aljurf, Gerard Socié, Jakob Passweg, Sebastian Giebel, Mohamad Mohty, Arnon Nagler
In this study, we analyzed a thiotepa-based conditioning regimen for allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, using the EBMT database. A total of 323 patients were identified. The median age was 43 years. Disease status at transplant was first complete remission (CR1) in 48.9%, CR2 in 21.7%, CR3 in 6.2%, while 23.2% of the patients had an active disease at the time of transplant. This was performed from a HLA-matched sibling (49.8%) or a matched-unrelated donor (51...
January 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643865/safety-and-efficacy-of-thiotepa-based-conditioning-for-allogeneic-transplantation-in-aml-a-survey-from-the-alwp-of-the-ebmt
#15
S Eder, M Labopin, J Finke, D Bunjes, A Olivieri, S Santarone, A Rambaldi, L Kanz, G Messina, M Mohty, A Nagler
This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of thiotepa-based regimens before allogeneic stem cell transplantation in 310 adult patients with AML. Disease status at the time of transplantation was CR1 in 50%, CR2+ in 23.5% and advanced disease in 26.5%. Transplantation was performed from haploidentical (35%), matched sibling (27%), unrelated (20%) or cord blood (18%) donors. As for safety: mucositis occurred in 46.8% of the patients and the cumulative incidence (CI) of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome was 4...
February 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518930/matched-sibling-donor-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-thalassemia
#16
Surapol Issaragrisil, Chutima Kunacheewa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bone marrow transplantation is the only curative treatment for severe thalassemia. Since its successful first report in 1981, more than 4000 patients with this disease worldwide underwent bone marrow transplantation. The purpose of this review is to update the most recent reports of matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in thalassemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Advanced and improved transplant techniques result in the improved outcomes in those transplants from a matched sibling donor with transplant-related mortality less than 5%...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485567/the-complexation-of-the-anticancer-drug-thiotepa-with-methylated-dna-base-guanine-combined-ab-initio-and-qtaim-investigation
#17
Tymofii Yu Nikolaienko, Leonid A Bulavin, Leonid F Sukhodub
Non-covalent complexes of methylated nitrogenous DNA base guanine (m(9) Gua) with 1 to 6 molecules of anticancer drug ThioTEPA (1,1',1''-phosphorothioyltriaziridine) have been investigated by molecular modeling techniques (molecular docking and DFT geometry optimization), ab initio wavefunction calculations and the quantum theory of atoms in molecules (QTAIM). The accuracy of complex structures predicted by standard molecular docking techniques have been assessed by comparing them with ab initio calculations, and the most important differences have been discussed...
February 2014: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476790/high-dose-chemotherapy-with-autologous-haemopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-newly-diagnosed-primary-cns-lymphoma-a-prospective-single-arm-phase-2-trial
#18
Gerald Illerhaus, Benjamin Kasenda, Gabriele Ihorst, Gerlinde Egerer, Monika Lamprecht, Ulrich Keller, Hans-Heinrich Wolf, Carsten Hirt, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Mascha Binder, Peter Hau, Matthias Edinger, Norbert Frickhofen, Martin Bentz, Robert Möhle, Alexander Röth, Michael Pfreundschuh, Louisa von Baumgarten, Martina Deckert, Claudia Hader, Heidi Fricker, Elke Valk, Elisabeth Schorb, Kristina Fritsch, Jürgen Finke
BACKGROUND: High-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy is standard for primary CNS lymphoma, but most patients relapse. High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HCT-ASCT) is supposed to overcome the blood-brain barrier and eliminate residual disease in the CNS. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of HCT-ASCT in patients with newly diagnosed primary CNS lymphoma. METHODS: In this prospective, single-arm, phase 2 trial, we recruited patients aged 18-65 years with newly diagnosed primary CNS lymphoma and immunocompetence, with no limitation on clinical performance status, from 15 hospitals in Germany...
August 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467846/autologous-bone-marrow-transplantation-followed-by-involved-field-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-hodgkin-s-disease
#19
J A Moormeier, S F Williams, L S Kaminer, E D Ellis, M Garner, R Farah, R R Weichselbaum, J D Bitran
Twenty-six patients with refractory or relapsed Hodgkin's disease were treated with high dose cyclophosphamide, BCNU, etoposide, and thiotepa followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell rescue. Involved field radiotherapy was given following hematologic recovery in selected patients. The overall response rate to the high dose chemotherapy was 69% with 34% complete responses. Following radiotherapy, the complete response rate increased to 50%. The predicted disease-free survival at two years is 22%. Toxicity with this regimen was significant, with five patients dying as a result of transplant related complications...
1991: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341180/treatment-of-graft-failure-with-tni-based-reconditioning-and-haploidentical-stem-cells-in-paediatric-patients
#20
Heiko-Manuel Teltschik, Frank Heinzelmann, Bernd Gruhn, Tobias Feuchtinger, Patrick Schlegel, Michael Schumm, Bernhard Kremens, Ingo Müller, Martin Ebinger, Carl Philipp Schwarze, Hellmut Ottinger, Daniel Zips, Rupert Handgretinger, Peter Lang
Graft failure is a life-threatening complication after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We report a cohort of 19 consecutive patients (median age: 8·5 years) with acute leukaemias (n = 14) and non-malignant diseases (n = 5) who experienced graft failure after previous HSCT from matched (n = 3) or haploidentical donors (n = 16) between 2003 and 2012. After total nodal irradiation (TNI)-based reconditioning combined with fludarabine, thiotepa and anti-T cell serotherapy, all patients received T cell-depleted peripheral blood stem cell grafts from a second, haploidentical donor...
October 2016: British Journal of Haematology
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