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racial/ethnic discrimination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#1
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310973/which-girls-which-boys-the-intersectional-risk-for-depression-by-race-and-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-u-s
#2
REVIEW
Pratima A Patil, Michelle V Porche, Nellie A Shippen, Nina T Dallenbach, Lisa R Fortuna
We sought to conduct the first systematic review of studies applying an intersectional lens to assessing risk and protective factors for depression in minority adolescents in the United States. Twenty-five studies were identified which investigated the role of racial and ethnic identity and gender for minority groups and how marginalization may be associated with differential outcomes in depression symptomology. The results showed substantial variability in whether studies intentionally operationalized intersectionality through theoretical frameworks, study design, sampling, and analyses...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275862/racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-mexican-origin-youths-and-their-parents-testing-the-linked-lives-hypothesis
#3
Irene J K Park, Han Du, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
PURPOSE: Using a life course perspective, the present study tested the concept of "linked lives" applied to the problem of not only how racial/ethnic discrimination may be associated with poor mental health for the target of discrimination but also how discrimination may exacerbate the discrimination-distress link for others in the target's social network-in this case, the family. METHODS: The discrimination-distress link was investigated among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents and their parents both cross-sectionally and longitudinally...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258470/health-and-healthcare-disparities-among-u-s-women-and-men-at-the-intersection-of-sexual-orientation-and-race-ethnicity-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Mai-Han Trinh, Madina Agénor, S Bryn Austin, Chandra L Jackson
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that sexual minorities (SMs) (e.g. lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals), compared to their heterosexual counterparts, may engage in riskier health behaviors, are at higher risk of some adverse health outcomes, and are more likely to experience reduced health care access and utilization. However, few studies have examined how the interplay between race and sexual orientation impacts a range of health measures in a nationally representative sample of the U...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250579/civil-rights-as-determinants-of-public-health-and-racial-and-ethnic-health-equity-health-care-education-employment-and-housing-in-the-united-states
#5
R A Hahn, B I Truman, D R Williams
This essay examines how civil rights and their implementation have affected and continue to affect the health of racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States. Civil rights are characterized as social determinants of health. A brief review of US history indicates that, particularly for Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians, the longstanding lack of civil rights is linked with persistent health inequities. Civil rights history since 1950 is explored in four domains-health care, education, employment, and housing...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247435/trends-for-reported-discrimination-in-health-care-in-a-national-sample-of-older-adults-with-chronic-conditions
#6
Thu T Nguyen, Anusha M Vable, M Maria Glymour, Amani Nuru-Jeter
BACKGROUND: Discrimination in health care settings is associated with poor health outcomes and may be especially harmful to individuals with chronic conditions, who need ongoing clinical care. Although efforts to reduce discrimination are growing, little is known about national trends in discrimination in health care settings. METHODS: For Black, White, and Hispanic respondents with chronic disease in the 2008-2014 Health and Retirement Study (N = 13,897 individuals and 21,078 reports), we evaluated trends in patient-reported discrimination, defined based on frequency of receiving poorer service or treatment than other people from doctors or hospitals ("never" vs...
December 15, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225452/the-effects-of-perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-on-substance-use-among-youths-living-in-the-cherokee-nation
#7
Brady A Garrett, Bethany J Livingston, Melvin D Livingston, Kelli A Komro
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included (N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug misuse, and other illicit drug use. Experiences of perceived racial discrimination high in intensity were associated with further increased risk of prescription drug misuse and other illicit drug use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203357/the-health-correlates-of-culture-examining-the-association-between-ethnic-racial-identity-and-diurnal-cortisol-slopes
#8
Katharine H Zeiders, José M Causadias, Rebecca M B White
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the link between ethnic-racial identity (ERI) components (exploration, resolution, and affirmation) and youths' diurnal cortisol slopes. METHODS: A sample of 103 U.S.-Mexican adolescents (Mage = 15.29 years) living in the Southwest participated in an in-home interview and 3-day salivary sampling protocol. RESULTS: ERI affirmation, but not exploration or resolution, was related to steeper diurnal slopes (greater declines in cortisol from waking to bedtime) after controlling for adolescents' life stressors, acculturation level, ethnic-racial discrimination, and daily behaviors (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196773/effects-of-contact-based-mental-illness-stigma-reduction-programs-age-gender-and-asian-latino-and-white-american-differences
#9
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176360/intergenerational-consequences-women-s-experiences-of-discrimination-in-pregnancy-predict-infant-social-emotional-development-at-6-months-and-1-year
#10
Lisa Rosenthal, Valerie A Earnshaw, Joan M Moore, Darrah N Ferguson, Tené T Lewis, Allecia E Reid, Jessica B Lewis, Emily C Stasko, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
OBJECTIVE: Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in infant development in the United States have lifelong consequences. Discrimination predicts poorer health and academic outcomes. This study explored for the first time intergenerational consequences of women's experiences of discrimination reported during pregnancy for their infants' social-emotional development in the first year of life. METHODS: Data come from a longitudinal study with predominantly Black and Latina, socioeconomically disadvantaged, urban young women (N = 704, Mage = 18...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173935/racial-ethnic-and-social-inequities-in-sleep-medicine-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#11
REVIEW
Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Asmaa M Abumuamar, David Warren Spence, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S BaHammam
PURPOSE: It is known that racial disparities exist in terms of disease prevalence and access to health care. However, the link between race/ethnicity and sleep quality is often under-recognized. RESULTS: Current evidence shows that differences exist between Blacks and Whites in terms of sleep duration, sleep quality, and the likelihood of acquiring a sleep disorder. It has been argued that the adverse effects of ethnicity on sleep quality or duration interact with other social or personal factors (such as employment) and that the effects of these factors are interactive and need to be analyzed simultaneously...
January 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161607/how-discrimination-and-perspective-taking-influence-adolescents-attitudes-about-justice
#12
Hannah F Rasmussen, Michelle C Ramos, Sohyun C Han, Corey Pettit, Gayla Margolin
Little is known about factors influencing adolescents' justice attitudes. This online study investigates perspective-taking and experiences with discrimination for their associations with adolescents' beliefs about how justice is best served. Participants included 179 ethnically/racially diverse high school students (Mage = 16.67 years; SD = 1.02). Higher perspective-taking was associated with less punitive and more restorative attitudes. Youth reporting more personal and ethnic/racial discrimination experiences endorsed more restorative justice attitudes...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152863/using-an-acculturation-stress-resilience-framework-to-explore-latent-profiles-of-latina-o-language-brokers
#13
Jennifer A Kam, Katerina M Marcoulides, Andy J Merolla
With survey data from 243 Latina/o early adolescent language brokers, latent profile analyses were conducted to identify different types (i.e., profiles) of brokers. Profiles were based on how often Latina/o early adolescents brokered for family members, as well as their levels of family-based acculturation stress, negative brokering beliefs, parentification, and positive brokering beliefs. Three brokering profiles emerged: (1) infrequent-ambivalents, (2) occasional-moderates, and (3) parentified-endorsers...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149497/perceptions-of-general-and-postpresidential-election-discrimination-are-associated-with-loss-of-control-eating-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-men
#14
Nichole R Kelly, Tasia M Smith, Gordon C N Hall, Claire Guidinger, Gina Williamson, Elizabeth L Budd, Nicole R Giuliani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between young men's perceived experiences with discrimination, both general and following the 2016 presidential election, and their loss of control (LOC) eating. The degree to which men identified with their ethnic identity was evaluated as a moderator. METHOD: The sample included 798 men (18-30 years; M = 24.0 ± 3.6) who identified as African American (n = 261), Asian/Asian American (n = 266), or Hispanic/Latino (n = 271)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098598/anxiety-stress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-african-americans-negative-affectivity-does-not-explain-the-relationship-between-microaggressions-and-psychopathology
#15
Monnica T Williams, Jonathan W Kanter, Terence H W Ching
Prior research has demonstrated a clear relationship between experiences of racial microaggressions and various indicators of psychological unwellness. One concern with these findings is that the role of negative affectivity, considered a marker of neuroticism, has not been considered. Negative affectivity has previously been correlated to experiences of racial discrimination and psychological unwellness and has been suggested as a cause of the observed relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092619/racial-ethnic-differences-in-treatment-recommendations-lifestyle-changes-and-medication-prescriptions-for-high-cholesterol
#16
Emily Bacon
OBJECTIVE: High cholesterol is a common condition in the United States, affecting nearly one third of adults, and is a leading precursor to coronary heart disease. This study investigates race/ethnic differences in treatment recommendations for patients with high cholesterol, including prescription medication and lifestyle changes such as eating less fat, losing weight, or exercising more. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 4846), a representative sample of adults in the United States, and the 2005-2010 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (N = 12,113), a representative sample of patient visits in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036550/perceived-interpersonal-discrimination-and-older-women-s-mental-health-accumulation-across-domains-attributions-and-time
#17
Laia Bécares, Nan Zhang
Experiencing discrimination is associated with poor mental health, but how cumulative experiences of perceived interpersonal discrimination across attributions, domains, and time are associated with mental disorders is still unknown. Using data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (1996-2008) we apply latent class analysis and generalized linear models to estimate the association between cumulative exposure to perceived interpersonal discrimination and older women's mental health. We find four classes of perceived interpersonal discrimination, ranging from cumulative exposure to discrimination over attributions, domains, and time, to none or minimal reports of discrimination...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036268/breast-cancer-estrogen-receptor-by-biological-generation-us-black-white-women-born-1915-1979
#18
Nancy Krieger, Jaquelyn L Jahn, Pamela D Waterman, Jarvis T Chen
Evidence suggests contemporary population distributions of breast cancer estrogen receptor (ER) status may be shaped by earlier major societal events, such as the 1965 abolition of Jim Crow (legal racial discrimination in the US) and the Great Famine in China (1959-1961). We accordingly analyzed changes in ER status in relation to Jim Crow birth place among the 46,417 black and 339,830 white US-born non-Hispanic women in the 13 SEER Registry Group who were born between 1915 and 1979 and diagnosed (age 25-84, inclusive) between 1992-2012...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028560/racial-discrimination-and-cortisol-output-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Kevin M Korous, José M Causadias, Deborah M Casper
RATIONALE: Although the relation between stress and physiology is well documented, attempts at understanding the link between racial discrimination and cortisol output, specifically, have produced mixed results, likely due to study characteristics such as racial/ethnic composition of the samples (e.g., African American, Latino), measures of discrimination, and research design (e.g., cross-sectional, experimental). OBJECTIVES: To estimate the overall association between racial discrimination and cortisol output among racial/ethnic minority individuals and to determine if the association between racial discrimination and cortisol output is moderated by age, race/ethnicity, type of discrimination measure, sex, and research design...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023664/discrimination-and-ethnic-racial-identity-understanding-direction-of-effects-using-within-and-between-person-analyses
#20
Katharine H Zeiders, Sara D Bayless, Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
Ethnic-racial identity (ERI) development and ethnic-racial discrimination are two salient experiences among adolescents in the United States. Despite growing awareness of the costs and benefits of these experiences individually, we know little about how they may influence one another. The current study examined competing hypotheses relating discrimination and components of ERI (i.e., exploration, resolution, affirmation) among a sample of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 181; Mage at Wave 1 = 16.83, SD = 1...
October 12, 2017: Child Development
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