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racial/ethnic discrimination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922457/how-negative-contact-and-positive-contact-with-whites-predict-collective-action-among-racial-and-ethnic-minorities
#1
Lydia E Hayward, Linda R Tropp, Matthew J Hornsey, Fiona Kate Barlow
Positive contact with advantaged group members can improve disadvantaged group members' attitudes towards them, yet it may also lower perceptions of group discrimination and consequent collective action. Little is known, however, about how negative contact with the advantaged predicts collective action among members of disadvantaged groups. With samples of Black and Hispanic Americans, we tested positive and negative contact with White Americans as predictors of self-reported collective action behaviour and future intentions...
September 18, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920011/perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-a-review-and-future-directions-for-social-epidemiology
#2
Anissa I Vines, Julia B Ward, Evette Cordoba, Kristin Z Black
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent literature on racial or ethnic discrimination and mental health was reviewed to assess the current science and identify key areas of emphasis for social epidemiology. Objectives of this review were to: 1) Determine whether there have been advancements in the measurement and analysis of perceived discrimination; 2) Identify the use of theories and/or frameworks in perceived discrimination and mental health research; and 3) Assess the extent to which stress buffers are being considered and evaluated in the existing literature...
June 2017: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#3
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905204/racial-vs-self-affirmation-as-a-protective-mechanism-against-the-effects-of-racial-exclusion-on-negative-affect-and-substance-use-vulnerability-among-black-young-adults
#4
Michelle L Stock, Frederick X Gibbons, Janine B Beekman, Kipling D Williams, Laura S Richman, Meg Gerrard
Affirming one's racial identity may help protect against the harmful effects of racial exclusion on substance use cognitions. This study examined whether racial versus self-affirmation (vs. no affirmation) buffers against the effects of racial exclusion on substance use willingness and substance use word associations in Black young adults. It also examined anger as a potential mediator of these effects. After being included, or racially excluded by White peers, participants were assigned to a writing task: self-affirmation, racial-affirmation, or describing their sleep routine (neutral)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872327/cultural-socialization-attitudes-and-behaviors-examining-mothers-centrality-discrimination-experiences-and-children-s-effortful-control-as-moderators
#5
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether mothers' cultural socialization attitudes predicted cultural socialization behaviors. In addition, we tested whether this association was moderated by children's effortful control, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality, and mothers' experiences of ethnic discrimination. METHOD: Mexican-origin young mothers (N = 181; Mage = 20.97 years) completed the Cultural Socialization Attitudes Measure, a revised version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity, the Child Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form, and the Perceived Discrimination Scale during an interview and then completed the Cultural Socialization Behaviors Measure a year later...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864792/color-blind-racial-beliefs-among-dental-students-and-faculty
#6
Yu Su, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
Providing culturally competent patient care requires an awareness of racial and cultural norms as well as a recognition of racism. Yet, there is a paucity of research devoted to this problem. In dental education, increased attention has focused on eliminating oral health care disparities due to ethnicity and race. Further investigation to determine the relationship between color-blind attitudes (failing to recognize the impact of race and racism on social justice) and dental educators' cultural competence is needed...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845344/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-mental-illness-stigma-and-discrimination-among-californians-experiencing-mental-health-challenges
#7
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer Cerully, Rachana Seelam, Beth Roth
Reports racial and ethnic differences on the California Well-Being Survey, a surveillance tool that tracks mental illness stigma and discrimination among a sample of California adults experiencing psychological distress.
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837680/the-prevalence-of-discrimination-across-racial-groups-in-contemporary-america-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adults
#8
Brian B Boutwell, Joseph L Nedelec, Bo Winegard, Todd Shackelford, Kevin M Beaver, Michael Vaughn, J C Barnes, John P Wright
A large body of social science research is devoted to understanding the causes and correlates of discrimination. Comparatively less effort has been aimed at providing a general prevalence estimate of discrimination using a nationally representative sample. The current study is intended to offer such an estimate using a large sample of American respondents (N = 14,793) while also exploring perceptions regarding why respondents felt they were discriminated against. The results provide a broad estimate of self-reported discrimination experiences-an event that was only reported by about one-quarter of all sample members-across racial and ethnic categories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833806/protective-and-promotive-effects-of-latino-early-adolescents-cultural-assets-against-multiple-types-of-discrimination
#9
Alyson M Cavanaugh, Gabriela L Stein, Andrew J Supple, Laura M Gonzalez, Lisa Kiang
Given adversity associated with discrimination, it is important to identify culturally relevant factors that may protect against its harmful effects. Using latent variable interactions, this study examined the moderating effects of cultural assets on the association between multiple types of discrimination and adolescents' adjustment. Participants included 174 seventh- and eighth-grade Latino adolescents (51% girls); majority were of Mexican origin. Peer discrimination was associated with higher internalizing symptoms, whereas cultural assets predicted higher academic motivation above and beyond racial-ethnic discrimination, demonstrating a promotive effect...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832885/a-comparison-of-early-adolescent-behavioral-health-risks-among-urban-american-indians-alaska-natives-and-their-peers
#10
Kelly Serfaini, Dennis M Donovan, Dennis C Wendt, Brandon Matsumiya, Carolyn A McCarty
We sought to examine behavioral health indicators for an early adolescent population of American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) within an urban setting in Washington State. We conducted secondary data analyses from a randomized clinical trial implemented in local middle schools that compared AI/ANs (n = 43), non-Hispanic Whites (n = 620), and other racial/ethnic minority youth (n = 527) across a variety of behavioral health risks. AI/AN youth reported significantly more depressive symptoms than other racial/ethnic minorities as well as non-Hispanic Whites...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813327/recent-developments-in-understanding-ethnocultural-and-race-differences-in-trauma-exposure-and-ptsd
#11
REVIEW
Anu Asnaani, Brittany Hall-Clark
Our understanding of demographic specifications that put certain individuals at greater risk for trauma exposure and subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has grown significantly over the past few decades. This brief review specifically examines the studies exploring the potential influence of ethnocultural and racial group status on trauma exposure and PTSD, with a focus on findings published recently in the past five years. We first provide a brief review of current epidemiological data examining associations among ethnicity/culture/race and trauma exposure/PTSD...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#12
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812239/social-status-discrimination-and-minority-individuals-mental-health-a-secondary-analysis-of-us-national-surveys
#13
Celia C Lo, Tyrone C Cheng
OBJECTIVES: Our study measured minority individuals' social status factors and frequency of discrimination experiences, in order to delineate social mechanisms linking race/ethnicity to mental status (specifically, to current mood/anxiety disorder and self-rated mental health). METHODS: In this nationally representative secondary research, our data analyses drew on the cross-sectional "Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys," dating 2001-2003. The sample for the final model numbered 9368 respondents (2016 Asians, 2676 Latinos, 4676 blacks)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806365/associations-between-perceived-race-based-discrimination-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-veterans-in-the-ecuun-study
#14
Serena MacDonald, Leslie R M Hausmann, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To describe perceived race-based discrimination in Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings and assess its associations with contraceptive use among a sample of women Veterans. METHODOLOGY: This study used data from a national telephone survey of women Veterans aged 18-44 receiving health care in VA who were at risk of unintended pregnancy. Participants were asked about their perceptions of race-based discrimination while seeking VA health care and about their contraceptive use at last heterosexual intercourse...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753588/chronic-discrimination-and-bodily-pain-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-midlife-women-in-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#15
Sheila A Dugan, Tené T Lewis, Susan A Everson-Rose, Elizabeth A Jacobs, Siobán D Harlow, Imke Janssen
A growing literature links discrimination to key markers of biobehavioral health. While racial or ethnic differences in pain are seen in experimental and clinical studies, the authors were interested in how chronic discrimination contributes to pain within multiple racial or ethnic groups over time. Participants were 3056 African American, Caucasian, Chinese, Hispanic, and Japanese women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. The Everyday Discrimination Scale was assessed from baseline through 13 follow-up examinations...
September 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731440/challenges-and-considerations-related-to-studying-dementia-in-african-americans
#16
Eseosa T Ighodaro, Peter T Nelson, Walter A Kukull, Frederick A Schmitt, Erin L Abner, Allison Caban-Holt, Shoshana H Bardach, Derrick C Hord, Crystal M Glover, Gregory A Jicha, Linda J Van Eldik, Alexander X Byrd, Anita Fernander
Blacks/African Americans have been reported to be ∼2-4 times more likely to develop clinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to Whites. Unfortunately, study design challenges (e.g., recruitment bias), racism, mistrust of healthcare providers and biomedical researchers, confounders related to socioeconomic status, and other sources of bias are often ignored when interpreting differences in human subjects categorized by race. Failure to account for these factors can lead to misinterpretation of results, reification of race as biology, discrimination, and missed or delayed diagnoses...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#17
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717860/performance-of-the-diarem-score-for-predicting-diabetes-remission-in-two-health-systems-following-bariatric-surgery-procedures-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-patients
#18
G Craig Wood, Daniel Horwitz, Christopher D Still, Tooraj Mirshahi, Peter Benotti, Manish Parikh, Annemarie G Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the DiaRem, a score that predicts type 2 diabetes (T2D) remission following roux-en-y gastric bariatric surgery (RYGB), also predicts remission following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in white and Hispanic patients. BACKGROUND: While bariatric surgery is highly effective in reversing insulin resistance, there are patients for whom surgery will not lead to remission...
July 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697777/enhancing-the-use-of-research-in-health-promoting-anti-racism-policy
#19
Angeline S Ferdinand, Yin Paradies, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) programme was established to improve the health of ethnic minority communities through the reduction of racial discrimination. Local governments in the state of Victoria, Australia, were at the forefront of LEAD implementation in collaboration with leading state and national organisations. Key aims included expanding the available evidence regarding effective anti-racism interventions and facilitating the uptake of this evidence in organisational policies and practices...
July 11, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669235/social-stress-obesity-and-depression-among-women-clarifying-the-role-of-physical-activity
#20
Karen D Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the role of stress in the association among physical activity, obesity, and depression among women. The extent to which physical activity moderated these relationships was also examined. DESIGN: Data from the National Survey of American Life (N = 3235) and multivariable regression analyses were used to examine the effects of chronic stress, material hardship, racial discrimination, and physical activity on obesity and depression among African American, Caribbean Black and White women...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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