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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533677/in-pursuit-of-belonging-acculturation-perceived-discrimination-and-ethnic-racial-identity-among-latino-youths
#1
Adrienne Juliet Michele Baldwin-White, Elizabeth Kiehne, Adriana Umaña-Taylor, Flavio F Marsiglia
Guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems framework and informed by the rejection-identification model, this study examined the relationship between acculturation, discrimination, and ethnic-racial identity (ERI) searching and affirmation among a sample of Latino youths (N = 830; mean age = 12.2 years). Results revealed that higher levels of acculturation were associated with lower levels of searching and affirmation. Furthermore, higher perceived discrimination was associated with higher affirmation, but unrelated to searching...
March 2017: Social Work Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498530/examining-discrimination-ethnic-racial-identity-status-and-youth-public-regard-among-black-latino-and-white-adolescents
#2
Sara Douglass, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor
How positively adolescents believe others feel about their ethnic-racial group (i.e., public regard) is an important part of their ethnic-racial identity (ERI), which is likely informed by contextual and individual factors. Using cluster analyses to generate ERI statuses among Black, Latino, and White adolescents (n = 1,378), we found that associations between peer versus adult discrimination and public regard varied across ERI status and ethnic-racial group. However, among all adolescents, an achieved ERI (i...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#3
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492707/the-strangest-of-all-encounters-racial-and-ethnic-discrimination-in-us-health-care
#4
Sherman A James
In 2003, a Committee of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences summarized hundreds of studies documenting that US racial minorities, especially African Americans, receive poorer quality health care for a wide variety of conditions than their White counterparts. These racial differences in health care persist after controlling for sociodemographic factors and patients' ability to pay for care. The Committee concluded that physicians' unconscious negative stereotypes of African Americans, and perhaps other people of color, likely contribute to these health care disparities...
May 8, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481713/internalized-smoking-stigma-in-relation-to-quit-intentions-quit-attempts-and-current-e-cigarette-use
#5
Richard J O'Connor, Vaughan W Rees, Cheryl Rivard, Dorothy K Hatsukami, K Michael Cummings
BACKGROUND: Reducing the social acceptability of smoking is associated with lowered smoking prevalence. However, denormalization strategies can also contribute to the stigmatization that some smokers may feel about their smoking. Smoking stigma may be more acute if smokers are also members of other stigmatized groups, such as racial/ethnic minorities. This study examined correlates of smoking self- and felt-stigma and discrimination, among current smokers. METHODS: Participants were recruited in the United States via a national commercial consumer panel to complete a cross-sectional, web-based survey...
May 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444470/sexual-orientation-differences-in-health-and-wellbeing-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-findings-from-a-national-cohort-study
#6
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Mona Loutfy
Sexual orientation differences in health and wellbeing among women living with HIV (WLH) are underexplored. Limited research available, however, suggests that sexual minority WLH may experience barriers to HIV care. Cross-sectional baseline data was analyzed from a Canadian cohort study with WLH (sexual minority women [SMW]: n = 180; heterosexual women: n = 1240). SMW (median age 38 years, IQR 13) included bisexual (58.9%), lesbian (17.8%) and other sexualities (23.3%). In multivariable analyses adjusting for age, poverty, education, and ethnicity, SMW identity was associated with increased odds of: clinical (80% vs...
April 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405176/discrimination-internalized-racism-and-depression-a-comparative-study-of-african-american-and-afro-caribbean-adults-in-the-us
#7
Kristine M Molina, Drexler James
Emerging research suggests that both perceptions of discrimination and internalized racism (i.e., endorsement of negative stereotypes of one's racial group) are associated with poor mental health. Yet, no studies to date have examined their effects on mental health with racial/ethnic minorities in the US in a single study. The present study examined: (a) the direct effects of everyday discrimination and internalized racism on risk of DSM-IV criteria of past-year major depressive disorder (MDD); (b) the interactive effects of everyday discrimination and internalized racism on risk of past-year MDD; and (c) the indirect effect of everyday discrimination on risk of past-year MDD via internalized racism...
July 2016: Group Processes & Intergroup Relations: GPIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394166/ethnic-racial-discrimination-moderates-the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-school-engagement-across-high-school
#8
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372829/the-weight-of-racism-vigilance-and-racial-inequalities-in-weight-related-measures
#9
Margaret T Hicken, Hedwig Lee, Anna K Hing
In the United States, racial/ethnic inequalities in obesity are well-documented, particularly among women. Using the Chicago Community Adult Health Study, a probability-based sample in 2001-2003 (N = 3105), we examined the roles of discrimination and vigilance in racial inequalities in two weight-related measures, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), viewed through a cultural racism lens. Cultural racism creates a social environment in which Black Americans bear the stigma burden of their racial group while White Americans are allowed to view themselves as individuals...
March 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314455/multicultural-developmental-experiences-implications-for-resilience-in-transitional-age-youth
#10
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Gabriela Livas Stein
Transitional age youth were born into a world that is becomingly increasingly diverse. Youth who are ethnic or racial minorities encounter cultural stressors, including acculturative stress and discrimination that undermine their health and mental health. Decades of research demonstrate that cultural assets can serve as risk-reducing and resilience-enhancing mechanisms among minority and immigrant youth. Cultural assets include the development of a healthy ethnic-racial identity and maintenance of cultural values...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306386/perceived-discrimination-among-racial-and-ethnic-minority-drug-users-and-the-association-with-health-care-utilization
#11
Courtney McKnight, Martha Shumway, Carmen L Masson, Enrique R Pouget, Ashly E Jordan, Don C Des Jarlais, James L Sorensen, David C Perlman
People who use drugs (PWUDs) are at increased risk for several medical conditions, yet they delay seeking medical care and utilize emergency departments (EDs) as their primary source of care. Limited research regarding perceived discrimination and PWUDs' use of health care services exists. This study explores the association between interpersonal and institutional racial/ethnic and drug use discrimination in health care settings and health care utilization among respondents (N = 192) recruited from methadone maintenance treatment programs (36%), HIV primary care clinics (35%), and syringe exchange programs (29%) in New York City (n = 88) and San Francisco (n = 104)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295584/rural-urban-differences-in-access-to-preventive-health-care-among-publicly-insured-minnesotans
#12
John Loftus, Elizabeth M Allen, Kathleen Thiede Call, Susan A Everson-Rose
PURPOSE: Reduced access to care and barriers have been shown in rural populations and in publicly insured populations. Barriers limiting health care access in publicly insured populations living in rural areas are not understood. This study investigates rural-urban differences in system-, provider-, and individual-level barriers and access to preventive care among adults and children enrolled in a public insurance program in Minnesota. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of a 2008 statewide, cross-sectional survey of publicly insured adults and children (n = 4,388) investigating barriers associated with low utilization of preventive care...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277732/disordered-eating-among-asian-american-college-women-a-racially-expanded-model-of-objectification-theory
#13
Hsiu-Lan Cheng, Alisia G T T Tran, Elisa R Miyake, Helen Youngju Kim
Objectification theory has been applied to understand disordered eating among college women. A recent extension of objectification theory (Moradi, 2010) conceptualizes racism as a socialization experience that shapes women of color's objectification experiences, yet limited research has examined this theoretical assertion. The present study proposed and examined a racially expanded model of objectification theory that postulated perceived racial discrimination, perpetual foreigner racism, and racial/ethnic teasing as correlates of Asian American college women's (N = 516) self-objectification processes and eating disorder symptomatology...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277731/impostor-feelings-as-a-moderator-and-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-racial-ethnic-minority-college-students
#14
Kevin Cokley, Leann Smith, Donte Bernard, Ashley Hurst, Stacey Jackson, Steven Stone, Olufunke Awosogba, Chastity Saucer, Marlon Bailey, Davia Roberts
This study investigated whether impostor feelings would both moderate and mediate the relationship between perceived discrimination and mental health in a sample of diverse ethnic minority college students (106 African Americans, 102 Asian Americans, 108 Latino/a Americans) at an urban public university. African American students reported higher perceived discrimination than Asian American and Latino/a American students, while no racial/ethnic group differences were reported for impostor feelings. Analyses revealed that among African American students, high levels of impostor feelings moderated the perceived discrimination and depression relationship and mediated the perceived discrimination and anxiety relationship...
March 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#15
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276806/psychobiological-impact-of-ethnic-discrimination-in-turkish-immigrants-living-in-germany
#16
Susanne Fischer, Urs M Nater, Jana Strahler, Nadine Skoluda, Leander Dieterich, Orgun Oezcan, Ricarda Mewes
Perceived ethnic discrimination has a negative impact on health. One of the key mechanisms may be a dysregulation of stress-responsive systems. Our aims were to investigate whether (1) acute face-to-face ethnic discrimination induces a stress response, and (2) to compare long-term endocrine functioning between immigrants and nonimmigrants. 30 male Turkish immigrants living in Germany underwent an ethnic discrimination condition and a control condition in the laboratory. Perceived ethnic discrimination, stress, salivary alpha-amylase and cortisol were measured four times...
March 5, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252176/ethnic-socialization-in-neighborhood-contexts-implications-for-ethnic-attitude-and-identity-development-among-mexican-origin-adolescents
#17
Rebecca M B White, George P Knight, Michaeline Jensen, Nancy A Gonzales
Neighborhood Latino ethnic concentration, above and beyond or in combination with mothers' and fathers' ethnic socialization, may have beneficial implications for minority adolescents' ethnic attitude and identity development. These hypotheses, along with two competing hypotheses, were tested prospectively (from x¯age = 12.79-15.83 years) in a sample of 733 Mexican-origin adolescents. Neighborhood ethnic concentration had beneficial implications for ethnic identity processes (i.e., ethnic exploration and perceived peer discrimination) but not for ethnic attitudes...
March 2, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230275/the-development-and-correlates-of-gender-role-attitudes-in-african-american-youth
#18
Chun Bun Lam, Christine Stanik, Susan M McHale
This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199464/identification-of-patients-with-stable-chest-pain-deriving-minimal-value-from-noninvasive-testing-the-promise-minimal-risk-tool-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Christopher B Fordyce, Pamela S Douglas, Rhonda S Roberts, Udo Hoffmann, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, Manesh R Patel, Christopher B Granger, John Kostis, Daniel B Mark, Kerry L Lee, James E Udelson
Importance: Guidelines recommend noninvasive testing for patients with stable chest pain, although many subsequently have normal test results and no adverse clinical events. Objective: To describe a risk tool developed to use only pretest clinical data to identify patients with chest pain with normal coronary arteries and no clinical events during follow-up (minimal-risk cohort). Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis of a randomized, pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial (Prospective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain [PROMISE]) includes stable, symptomatic outpatients without known coronary artery disease referred for noninvasive testing at 193 sites in North America...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165767/what-is-the-key-to-culturally-competent-care-reducing-bias-or-cultural-tailoring
#20
Adolfo G Cuevas, Kerth O'Brien, Somnath Saha
OBJECTIVE: To gain a better understanding as to whether disparities in patient-provider relationships arise from ethnic minority patients being treated differently than European American patients while they would prefer to be treated the same, or whether disparities arise when ethnic minority patients are treated the same as European American patients while they would prefer to be treated differently. METHOD: African-American, Latina/Latino and European American community members were recruited to participate in one of 27 focus group discussions...
February 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
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