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intraop estimated blood loss

S I Achkasov, Yu A Shelygin, A I Moskalev, Yu L Trubacheva, S A Senashenko
AIM: To estimate efficacy of laparoscopic-assisted procedures for chronic complications of diverticular disease (DD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was made a prospective comparative study within 2007-2015. Inclusion criteria were verified chronic DD (>6 weeks after the first attack) and bowel resection followed by primary anastomosis. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: contraindications for pneumoperitoneum, BMI ≥35 kg/m2 , infiltrate dimension >10 cm, preoperatively non-excluded neoplasm...
2018: Khirurgiia
Anna Lindfors, Åsa Åkesson, Christian Staf, Per Sjöli, Karin Sundfeldt, Pernilla Dahm-Kähler
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare robotic and open surgery in elderly women diagnosed as having endometrial cancer, in terms of costs, survival, surgical outcome, and operating time. METHODS: Women 70 years or older undergoing open and robotic surgery for endometrial cancers were included consecutively before and after the introduction of robotic surgery at a tertiary center. Costs were calculated using the case-costing system, cost per patient, including the first 30 postoperative days...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Yue-Mei Jin, Shan-Shan Liu, Jun Chen, Yan-Nan Chen, Chen-Chen Ren
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer (CC) continues to be a global burden for women, with higher incidence and mortality rates reported annually. Many countries have witnessed a dramatic reduction in the prevalence of CC due to widely accessed robotic radical hysterectomy (RRH). This network meta-analysis aims to compare intraoperative and postoperative outcomes in way of RRH, laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LTH) and open radical hysterectomy (ORH) in the treatment of early-stage CC. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMBASE databases was performed from inception to June 2016...
2018: PloS One
Su Mi Kim, Ho Geun Youn, Ji Yeong An, Yoon Young Choi, Sung Hoon Noh, Seung Jong Oh, Tae Sung Sohn, Sung Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to estimate surgical outcomes of elderly patients older than 80 years who received laparoscopic or open gastrectomy for gastric cancer and to identify risk factors for postoperative complications. METHODS: Two hundred forty-two elderly patients older than 80 years underwent gastric cancer surgery between January 2010 and December 2016 in three tertiary hospitals. They were divided into two groups: laparoscopic gastrectomy (N = 59) and open gastrectomy (N = 183)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Kerry A Morrison, James C Lee, Mark M Souweidane, Neil A Feldstein, Jeffrey A Ascherman
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention during infancy for both syndromic and nonsyndromic patients with craniosynostosis remains the criterion standard of treatment with the 2 main options being open vault remodeling versus minimally invasive surgery. Although open cranial vault remodeling was initially considered a high-risk procedure, many advances have improved its safety. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on the long-term outcomes of contemporary open craniosynostosis repair...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Hisanaga Horie, Koji Koinuma, Homare Ito, Ai Sadatomo, Daishi Naoi, Yoshihiko Kono, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Mitsuaki Morimoto, Makiko Tahara, Alan K Lefor, Naohiro Sata, Takahiro Sasaki, Hideharu Sugimoto
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLD) is technically challenging because of the complicated anatomy of the pelvic wall. To overcome this difficulty, we introduced preoperative 3-D simulation. The aim of the study is to investigate the usefulness of preoperative 3-D simulation for the safe conduct of laparoscopic LPLD for rectal cancer. METHODS: After undergoing colonoscopy, patients were brought to the radiology suite where multi-detector row CT was performed...
March 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Elliott J Kim, Joseph B Wick, David P Stonko, Silky Chotai, Thomas H Freeman, Diana G Douleh, Akshitkumar M Mistry, Scott L Parker, Clinton J Devin
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefits of early decompression and stabilization in unstable spine injuries with incomplete neurological deficits. However, a clear consensus on timing to operative intervention still does not exist in those with a normal neurological exam and unstable spine. OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal timing of operative intervention in traumatic spine injuries without neurological deficit. METHODS: Retrospective chart review at a single institution was performed including patients with traumatic spine injuries without neurological deficit admitted from December 2001 to August 2012...
February 24, 2018: Neurosurgery
Byoung Hun Lee, Seung-Jae Hyun, Ki-Jeong Kim, Tae-Ahn Jahng, Yongjung J Kim, Hyun-Jib Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) by a single neurosurgeon in a single institution. METHODS: Thirty-four consecutive patients with severe spinal deformities who underwent PVCR between 2010 and 2016 were enrolled. The radiographic measurements included a kyphotic angle of PVCR levels (VCR angle), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), and spinopelvic parameters...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Taylor J Jackson, Burt Yaszay, Joshua M Pahys, Anuj Singla, Firoz Miyanji, Suken A Shah, Paul D Sponseller, Peter O Newton, John M Flynn, Patrick J Cahill
BACKGROUND: For large scoliosis, 2 strategies to maximize correction include intraoperative traction and/or anterior release. It is unclear which patients will benefit the most form either approach. The purpose of our study is to compare the radiographic, perioperative clinical outcomes, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes of 2 approaches when used in severe neuromuscular scoliosis in the setting of cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: In total, 23 patients with minimum 2-year follow-up, major curves ≥100 degrees, and in whom treatment included posterior spinal fusion were evaluated...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Rui Qu, Cunchuan Wang, Zhiyong Dong, Jinyi Li, Daosheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: Open surgery is the most common treatment of thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC), but it leaves obvious neck scarring. This study aimed to explore the feasibility and strategy of total endoscopic procedure by breast approach to avoid such scarring on the neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 13 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of TGDC and 15 patients who underwent open resection of TGDC. We compared and analyzed factors including operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hospitalization, complications, and cosmetic effect...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Keila M Maher, Kwadwo Owusu-Akyaw, Jingzhu Zhou, Mary Cooter, Allison K Ross, Robert K Lark, Brad M Taicher
INTRODUCTION: Surgical correction of pediatric scoliosis is associated with significant blood loss. Minimizing estimated blood loss and blood transfusion is beneficial as transfusions have been associated with increased morbidity, including risk of surgical site infections, longer hospitalizations, and increased cost. Although there is evidence that African-American or Black adults are more likely to require intraoperative blood transfusion compared with Caucasian or White adults, the reasons for this difference are unclear...
March 9, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Roberto Tozzi, Jvan Casarin, Elizabeth Belcher, Riccardo Garruto Campanile, Lamiese Ismail, Hooman Soleymani Majd, Matteo Morotti, Marcello Desgro
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the first case of a combined endoscopic management of a thoracic and abdominal recurrence of ovarian cancer. DESIGN: An instructive video showing the combined thoracic and abdominal surgical procedure. SETTING: Department of Gynecological Oncology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford University, UK. PATIENTS: A 64-year-old woman undergoing an endoscopic treatment for a third recurrence of ovarian cancer following a full surgical staging in 2007...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Michael R Bykowski, Amber Hill, Catherine Garland, William Tobler, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although rare, pseudoaneurysms (PA) can develop following Le Fort I osteotomy and lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. However, the typical presentation of a PA following a Le Fort I osteotomy is not well characterized. Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for evaluation of PA following Le Fort I osteotomy. METHODS: A case report is presented of a 27-year-old man who underwent Le Fort I advancement and subsequently developed a bleeding PA...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Bong Hee Park, Chang Hee Han, Jae Dong Chung, Hyun Hwan Sung, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Soo Jeon, Deok Hyun Han
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site nephrolithotomy(LESS-NL) for symptomatic calyceal diverticular calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2009 to March 2014, 11 cases of LESS-NL with a homemade single-port device for calyceal diverticular calculi were performed by a single experienced laparoscopic surgeon. All patients were assessed at postoperative 1 month, 1 year, and 3 years for symptom-free status and by computed tomography for stone-free and calyceal diverticular obliteration status...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Blake S Raggio, Blair M Barton, Emad Kandil, Paul L Friedlander
Importance: No evidence exists to direct the management of preoperative aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) use in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. Nevertheless, a considerable number of patients interrupt receiving aspirin therapy during the preoperative period to minimize bleeding complications despite the increased risk of experiencing major adverse cardiac events. Objective: To determine whether aspirin therapy continued preoperatively increases bleeding complications in patients undergoing thyroid surgery...
March 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Thomas F Seykora, Brett L Ecker, Matthew T McMillan, Laura Maggino, Joal D Beane, Zhi Ven Fong, Robert H Hollis, Nigel B Jamieson, Ammar A Javed, Stacy J Kowalsky, John W Kunstman, Giuseppe Malleo, Katherine E Poruk, Kevin Soares, Vicente Valero, Lavanniya K P Velu, Ammara A Watkins, Charles M Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of intraoperative blood loss on outcomes following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). BACKGROUND: The negative impact of intraoperative blood loss on outcomes in PD has long been suspected but not well characterized, particularly those factors that may be within surgeons' control. METHODS: From 2001 to 2015, 5323 PDs were performed by 62 surgeons from 17 institutions. Estimated blood loss (EBL) was discretized (0 to 300, 301 to 750, 751 to 1300, and >1300 mL) using optimal scaling methodology...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Rakan I Odeh, Martin Sidler, Teresa Skelton, Fadi Zu'bi, Naimet K Naoum, Ibraheem Abu Azzawayed, Fahad A Alyami, Armando J Lorenzo, Walid A Farhat, Martin A Koyle
In pediatric RT, donor allograft size often exceeds the expected recipient norms, especially in younger recipients. An "oversize" graft might not only present a technical- and space-related challenge, but may possibly lead to increased demands in perioperative volume requirements due to the disparity between donor and recipient in renal blood flow. We evaluated transfusion practices at a single tertiary institution with special consideration of kidney graft size, hypothesizing that oversize graft kidneys might lead to a quantifiable increased need of blood transfusion in smaller recipients...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
Mamoru Uemura, Masataka Ikeda, Kenji Kawai, Junichi Nishimura, Ichiro Takemasa, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
INTRODUCTION: Previous reports indicated the effectiveness of surgical resection for locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC). Most cases with posterior invasion patterns require concomitant sacrectomy to secure negative histologic margins, although this is a highly invasive procedure. Here, we present a new minimally invasive laparoscopic surgical technique for LRRC with concomitant sacrectomy. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: A 64-year-old man presented with LRRC on the surface of the sacral bone...
February 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Ho Seok Chung, Myung Soo Kim, Ho Song Yu, Eu Chang Hwang, Sun-Ouck Kim, Kyung Jin Oh, Seung Il Jung, Taek Won Kang, Kwangsung Park, Dong Deuk Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical feasibility of laparoscopic adrenalectomy using the lateral retroperitoneal approach for the treatment of large pheochromocytomas, and to identify the preoperative risk factors for intraoperative hypertension. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy using the lateral retroperitoneal approach for the treatment of pheochromocytomas. Patient characteristics and perioperative outcomes were analyzed and compared between the two study groups based on tumor size: group A (n = 27, ≤6 cm) and group B (n = 24, ˃6 cm)...
February 25, 2018: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Indrawarman Soeroharjo, Said Alfin Khalilullah, Raden Danarto, Prahara Yuri
BACKGROUND: A vesicovaginal fistula is an abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault. In addition, the sequelae from these fistulae have a profound effect on the patients in view of their physical, psychological, and social dimensions. The treatment of vesicovaginal fistula is surgical in most cases and the choice of the repair technique is controversial. We evaluated the benefits of a laparoscopic approach in a patient with vesicovaginal fistulae...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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