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Ahmed Hegazy, Hieder Al-Shami, Mohammed Fathy Adel Ali, Mohamad Fathallah, Ahmed Salah, Hashim Mohamed, Emad Ibrahim Ahmed, Haytham Hussien Mohammed Osman, Arundhati Biswas
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether adding mobilization of the outer cavernous sinus membrane as a part of the approach, in large spheno-clinoidal meningiomas without cavernous sinus extension, would reduce bleeding and increase the extent of resection. Methods: This prospective randomized controlled trial was held between February 2016 and April 2017 at Cairo University Hospitals. The study recruited 94 patients with spheno-clinoidal meningiomas without cavernous sinus involvement...
March 2018: Neurology India
S Renshaw, I L Silva, A Hotouras, S D Wexner, J Murphy, C Bhan
The purpose of this study was to assess outcome measures and cost-effectiveness of robotic colorectal resections in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The Cochrane Library, PubMed/Medline and Embase databases were reviewed, using the text "robotic(s)" AND ("inflammatory bowel disease" OR "Crohn's" OR "Ulcerative Colitis"). Two investigators screened abstracts for eligibility. All English language full-text articles were reviewed for specified outcomes. Data were presented in a summarised and aggregate form, since the lack of higher-level evidence studies precluded meta-analysis...
March 15, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Philip A Fontenot, Brian D Barnes, William P Parker, Hadley Wyre, Eugene K Lee, Jeffrey M Holzbeierlein
OBJECTIVES: To compare complication rates, perioperative outcomes, and survival after radical cystectomy (RC) in patients with prior abdominal and/or pelvic radiation therapy (RT) versus those without an RT history. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing RC for urothelial carcinoma (UC) between January 2008 and January 2016. Patients were stratified by receipt of RT, and differences in complications (any, minor, and major) at 30 and 90 days, as well as, estimated blood loss, length of surgery, length of hospital stay, and pathologic stage were compared...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Wibke Uller, Sherif El-Sobky, Ahmad I Alomari, Steven J Fishman, Samantha A Spencer, Amir H Taghinia, Gulraiz Chaudry
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative percutaneous n-butyl cyanoacrylate (nBCA) embolization of venous malformations in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively reviewed in children who underwent embolization using nBCA followed by resection of venous malformations. RESULTS: A total of 17 embolizations were performed in 14 patients (9 females, mean age: 5.5 years; median age: 3 years; range 0...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Bharat R Dave, Devanand Degulmadi, Shreekant Dahibhate, Ajay Krishnan, Denish Patel
PURPOSE: Anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) is a technically challenging surgery. Use of conventional instruments like high-speed burr and kerrison rongeurs is associated with high complication rates such as increased blood loss and incidental durotomy. Use of ultrasonic bone scalpel (UBS) in cervical corpectomy helps to minimize such adverse events. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study based on the data of 101 consecutive patients who underwent cervical corpectomies with UBS for different cervical spine pathologies from December 2014 to December 2016...
March 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
Marco Vito Marino, Galyna Shabat, Domenico Guarrasi, Gaspare Gulotta, Andrzej Lech Komorowski
BACKGROUND: Despite potential benefits of robotic liver surgery, it is still considered a "development in progress" technique. METHODS: The outcomes of 14 patients undergoing robotic right hepatectomy were analyzed and compared with the results of 20 laparoscopic right hepatectomies consecutively performed by the same young surgeon. RESULTS: The overall mean operative time was less in robotic arm (425 ± 139 vs. 565.18 ± 183.73, p = 0...
March 14, 2018: Digestive Surgery
F Popescu, C R Jaslow, W H Kutteh
STUDY QUESTION: Will the addition of 24-chromosome microarray analysis on miscarriage tissue combined with the standard American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) evaluation for recurrent miscarriage explain most losses? SUMMARY ANSWER: Over 90% of patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) will have a probable or definitive cause identified when combining genetic testing on miscarriage tissue with the standard ASRM evaluation for recurrent miscarriage...
March 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
Kerry A Morrison, James C Lee, Mark M Souweidane, Neil A Feldstein, Jeffrey A Ascherman
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention during infancy for both syndromic and nonsyndromic patients with craniosynostosis remains the criterion standard of treatment with the 2 main options being open vault remodeling versus minimally invasive surgery. Although open cranial vault remodeling was initially considered a high-risk procedure, many advances have improved its safety. Despite this, there is a paucity of literature on the long-term outcomes of contemporary open craniosynostosis repair...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ki Young Lee, Jung Kyoung Shin, Yoon Ah Park, Seong Hyeon Yun, Jung Wook Huh, Yong Beom Cho, Hee Cheol Kim, Woo Yong Lee
Purpose: This study aimed to compare short-term postoperative and oncologic outcomes of a transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) to those of a transabdominal robotic TME. Methods: A total of 62 patients with rectal cancer underwent transanal (n = 26) or robotic (n = 36) TME between June 2013 and December 2014. After case-matching by tumor location and TNM stage, 45 patients were included for analysis. The median follow-up period was 21.3 months. Operative, histopathologic and postoperative outcomes and recurrences were analyzed...
February 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
Dogukan Yildirim, Sefik Eser Ozyurek
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum hemorrhage is still the most significant cause of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of timing of oxytocin administration on postpartum hemorrhage incidence in parturients with low-risk for postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was completed on 343 women at a level-three care hospital. In group 1, 10 IU of oxytocin was injected intramuscularly within the first minute following the delivery of the fetus...
March 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Hisanaga Horie, Koji Koinuma, Homare Ito, Ai Sadatomo, Daishi Naoi, Yoshihiko Kono, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Mitsuaki Morimoto, Makiko Tahara, Alan K Lefor, Naohiro Sata, Takahiro Sasaki, Hideharu Sugimoto
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLD) is technically challenging because of the complicated anatomy of the pelvic wall. To overcome this difficulty, we introduced preoperative 3-D simulation. The aim of the study is to investigate the usefulness of preoperative 3-D simulation for the safe conduct of laparoscopic LPLD for rectal cancer. METHODS: After undergoing colonoscopy, patients were brought to the radiology suite where multi-detector row CT was performed...
March 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Zachary A Hamilton, Robert G Uzzo, Alessandro Larcher, Brian R Lane, Benjamin Ristau, Umberto Capitanio, Stephen Ryan, Sumi Dey, Andres Correa, Madhumitha Reddy, James A Proudfoot, Ryan Nasseri, Kendrick Yim, Sabrina Noyes, Ahmet Bindayi, Francesco Montorsi, Ithaar H Derweesh
BACKGROUND: We compared renal functional outcomes of robotic (RPN) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a definite indication for nephron-sparing surgery. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective analysis of OPN and RPN in patients with baseline ≥ CKD Stage III [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 ] was performed. Primary outcome was change in eGFR (ΔeGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 ) between preoperative and last follow-up with respect to RENAL nephrometry score group [simple (4-6), intermediate (7-9), complex (10-12)]...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Teresa Seeman, Duncan Thomas, Sharon Stein Merkin, Kari Moore, Karol Watson, Arun Karlamangla
Longitudinal, individual-specific data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) provide support for the hypothesis that the 2008 to 2010 Great Recession (GR) negatively impacted the health of US adults. Results further advance understanding of the relationship by ( i ) illuminating hypothesized greater negative impacts in population subgroups exposed to more severe impacts of the GR and ( ii ) explicitly controlling for confounding by individual differences in age-related changes in health over time...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fahed Zairi, Camille Troux, Tarek Sunna, Mélodie-Anne Karnoub, Ghassan Boubez, Daniel Shedid
OBJECTIVES: The surgical management of dumbbell tumors of the lumbar spine remains controversial, because of their large volume and complex location, involving both the spinal canal and the retro peritoneum. While sporadically reported, our study aims to confirm the value of minimally invasive posterior access for the complete resection of large lumbar dumbbell tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we included all consecutive patients who underwent the resection of a voluminous dumbbell tumor at the lumbar spine through a minimally invasive approach, between March 2015 and August 2017...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Elliott J Kim, Joseph B Wick, David P Stonko, Silky Chotai, Thomas H Freeman, Diana G Douleh, Akshitkumar M Mistry, Scott L Parker, Clinton J Devin
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefits of early decompression and stabilization in unstable spine injuries with incomplete neurological deficits. However, a clear consensus on timing to operative intervention still does not exist in those with a normal neurological exam and unstable spine. OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal timing of operative intervention in traumatic spine injuries without neurological deficit. METHODS: Retrospective chart review at a single institution was performed including patients with traumatic spine injuries without neurological deficit admitted from December 2001 to August 2012...
February 24, 2018: Neurosurgery
Byoung Hun Lee, Seung-Jae Hyun, Ki-Jeong Kim, Tae-Ahn Jahng, Yongjung J Kim, Hyun-Jib Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) by a single neurosurgeon in a single institution. METHODS: Thirty-four consecutive patients with severe spinal deformities who underwent PVCR between 2010 and 2016 were enrolled. The radiographic measurements included a kyphotic angle of PVCR levels (VCR angle), sagittal vertical axis (SVA), thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), and spinopelvic parameters...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Justin Gerard, Minh B Luu, Jennifer Poirier, Daniel J Deziel
INTRODUCTION: The revised Tokyo Guidelines include criteria for determining the severity of acute cholecystitis with treatment algorithms based on severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the revised Tokyo Guidelines severity grade to clinical outcomes of cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: We identified 66 patients with acute cholecystitis from a prior study of difficult cholecystectomy cases. We examined the relationship between severity grade and multiple variables related to perioperative and postoperative outcomes...
March 9, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Taylor J Jackson, Burt Yaszay, Joshua M Pahys, Anuj Singla, Firoz Miyanji, Suken A Shah, Paul D Sponseller, Peter O Newton, John M Flynn, Patrick J Cahill
BACKGROUND: For large scoliosis, 2 strategies to maximize correction include intraoperative traction and/or anterior release. It is unclear which patients will benefit the most form either approach. The purpose of our study is to compare the radiographic, perioperative clinical outcomes, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes of 2 approaches when used in severe neuromuscular scoliosis in the setting of cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: In total, 23 patients with minimum 2-year follow-up, major curves ≥100 degrees, and in whom treatment included posterior spinal fusion were evaluated...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Rui Qu, Cunchuan Wang, Zhiyong Dong, Jinyi Li, Daosheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: Open surgery is the most common treatment of thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC), but it leaves obvious neck scarring. This study aimed to explore the feasibility and strategy of total endoscopic procedure by breast approach to avoid such scarring on the neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 13 patients who underwent endoscopic resection of TGDC and 15 patients who underwent open resection of TGDC. We compared and analyzed factors including operative time, estimated blood loss, postoperative hospitalization, complications, and cosmetic effect...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Gonzalo Vitagliano, Leandro Blas, Maximiliano Ringa, Nicolás Villasante, Hernando Ríos-Pita, Carlos Alberto Ameri
OBJECTIVE: Kidney tumors represent 2- 3% of adult tumors. Partial nephrectomy is the standard of care for the treatment of localized tumors. Minimizing ischemia time is critical for postoperative renal function. The aim of this paper is to present our experience in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy with selective renal parenchymal compression using the Simon clamp. METHODS: We analyzed the record of patients that underwent surgery for renal tumors between January 2011 and June 2016 at our institution...
March 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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