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Henoch schonlein purpura in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764574/-clinical-effect-and-mechanism-of-hemoperfusion-in-treatment-of-children-with-severe-abdominal-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#1
Ying Zhu, Yang Dong, Da-Liang Xu, Jia-Yun Jiang, Lin Wu, Rui-Juan Ke, Shao-Han Fang, Yin Peng
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect and mechanism of hemoperfusion (HP) in the treatment of children with severe abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total of 24 children with severe abdominal HSP were divided into two groups: conventional treatment and HP (n=12 each). Ten healthy children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group. Before and after treatment, chemiluminescence was used to measure the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α); thiobarbituric acid colorimetry was used to measure the plasma level of malondialdehyde (MDA); the hydroxylamine method was used to measure the plasma level of superoxide dismutase (SOD); chemical colorimetry was used to measure the plasma level of total anti-oxidant capability (T-AOC)...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751784/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-with-acute-pancreatitis-analysis-of-13-cases
#2
Qin Zhang, Qi Guo, Ming Gui, Zhenhua Ren, Bo Hu, Ling Lu, Fang Deng
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common small vessel vasculitis in children. Acute pancreatitis rarely presents as a complication of Henoch-Schönlein purpura and has not been well characterized. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 13 cases of Henoch-Schönlein purpura with acute pancreatitis among 3212 patients who attended our hospital between January 2003 and June 2016 and analyzed their clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, imaging findings, treatment and overall prognosis...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664511/bullous-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-case-report
#3
Trinidad Hasbún, Ximena Chaparro, Viera Kaplan, Felipe Cavagnaro, Alex Castro
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) or IgA Vasculitis is the most common childhood vasculitis. The classic tetrad of signs and symptoms include palpable purpura, arthralgia, abdominal pain and renal disease. The occurrence of hemorrhagic bullae in children with HSP is rarely encountered. Objec tive: To report an unusual cutaneous manifestation of HSP in children. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old girl complained about a 2-week painful bullous rash in both lower extremities and multiple arthral gias...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661187/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-recurrent-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children-from-a-16-year-nationwide-database
#4
Wei-Te Lei, Po-Li Tsai, Szu-Hung Chu, Yu-Hsuan Kao, Chien-Yu Lin, Li-Ching Fang, Shyh-Dar Shyur, Yu-Wen Lin, Shu-I Wu
BACKGROUND: The recurrence rate of Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is 2.7%-30%, with varied average intervals between the first and second episodes. Few studies have explored the incidence and risk factors for recurrent HSP. METHODS: We used a 16-year nationwide database to analyze the incidence of recurrent HSP. Patients with HSP were identified, and risk factors for recurrent HSP were explored. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression model analyses were performed, and covariates were adjusted in the multivariate model...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611051/iga-vasculitis-genetics-and-clinical-and-therapeutic-management
#5
REVIEW
Miguel A González-Gay, Raquel López-Mejías, Trinitario Pina, Ricardo Blanco, Santos Castañeda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study is to perform an update on the current knowledge on genetics, clinical manifestations, and therapy in immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) (Henoch-Schönlein purpura). RECENT FINDINGS: A strong genetic predisposition in individuals with IgAV was confirmed. It was due to the association with the HLA class II region that in people of European background is mainly related to HLA-DRB1*01 allele. Recent reports support the claim that kidney disease is more common in adults than in children with IgAV...
April 2, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590463/diagnosing-iga-vasculitis-in-the-active-duty-population-the-importance-of-early-diagnosis-and-proper-biopsy-site-selection
#6
Daniel Flood, Briana Barber, Nathanial R Miletta
Immunoglobulin A associated vasculitis (IgAV), formerly called Henoch-Schönlein purpura, is a small vessel vasculitis which typically presents with upper and lower extremity palpable purpura and abdominal pain. It is the most common vasculitis in children, and is less common in adults. However, newer evidence suggests the incidence within the adult population is higher than previously reported. This case study demonstrates an adult military recruit presenting with new onset IgAV shortly after basic training...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535109/off-label-use-of-tacrolimus-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-a-pilot-study
#7
Dong-Feng Zhang, Guo-Xiang Hao, Chun-Zhen Li, Yan-Jun Yang, Fu-Juan Liu, Ling Liu, Xiao-Ying Yuan, Rui-Hong Li, Lei Dong, Qian Dong, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain, Wei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus is used off-label in the treatment of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in children, with limited evidence-based data. Based on clinical empirical experience and mechanism of action, tacrolimus might be promoted as treatment for childhood HSPN. The objectives of this pilot study were to assess its effectiveness and safety, and to explore the potential impact of CYP3A5 genotype. METHODS: Children with HSPN receiving tacrolimus as empirical treatment were included in this prospective, observational study...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525681/gut-microbiota-dysbiosis-is-associated-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children
#8
Xingcui Wang, Lei Zhang, Ying Wang, Xuemei Liu, Hongxia Zhang, Yi Liu, Nan Shen, Junjie Yang, Zhongtao Gai
BACKGROUND: Alterations in the intestinal microbiota have been associated with the development of allergic diseases, such as asthma and food allergies. However, there is no report detailing the role of microbiota alterations in Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) development. METHOD: A total of 85 children with HSP and 70 healthy children were recruited for this study. Intestinal microbiota composition was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing. Fecal microbial diversity and composition were compared...
May 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409373/epidemiology-of-primary-systemic-vasculitis-in-children-a-population-based-study-from-southern-sweden
#9
M Mossberg, M Segelmark, R Kahn, M Englund, A J Mohammad
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the annual incidence rate of paediatric primary systemic vasculitis (PSV) in a defined geographical area in southern Sweden. METHODS: Potential cases of PSV [IgA vasculitis (IgAV, Henoch-Schönlein purpura), Kawasaki disease (KD), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), polyarteritis nodosa (PAN), and Takayasu's arteritis (TAK)] were identified in a comprehensive regional healthcare register...
February 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371982/biomarkers-identification-by-a-combined-clinical-and-metabonomics-analysis-in-henoch-schonlein-purpura-nephritis-children
#10
Lin Sun, Biao Xie, Qiuju Zhang, Yupeng Wang, Xinyu Wang, Bing Gao, Meina Liu, Maoqing Wang
Background: In children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), the severity of Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is considered responsible for the prognosis of HSP. The pathological process from HSP to HSPN is not clear yet and current diagnostic tools have shortcomings in accurate diagnosis of HSPN. This study aims to assess clinical characteristics of HSP and HSPN, to identify metabolic perturbations involved in HSP progress, and to combine metabolic biomarkers and clinical features into a better prediction for HSPN...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229167/glomerular-diseases-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Scott E Wenderfer, Joseph P Gaut
Unique challenges exist in the diagnosis and treatment of glomerular diseases with their onset during childhood. Mounting evidence supports the notion that earlier onset cases occur due to larger numbers of genetic risk alleles. Nearly all causes of adult-onset glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and thrombotic microangiopathy have also been described in children, although the prevalence of specific causes differs. Postinfectious glomerulonephritis, Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis, and minimal change disease remain the most common causes of glomerular disease in younger children in the United States and can be diagnosed clinically without need for biopsy...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191345/vasculitis-kids-are-not-just-little-people
#12
Nikita Lakdawala, Flavia Fedeles
Cutaneous vasculitis, inflammatory destruction of blood vessels, can present with a wide range of clinical and pathologic findings across a number of heterogeneous conditions. Although some vasculitides are present in both children and adults, some important differences exist in clinical presentation, etiology, management, and prognosis in childhood vasculitis versus adult vasculitis. Cutaneous vasculitis is rare in children, and most childhood vasculitides, of which Henoch-Schönlein purpura is the most common, histologically are small vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis...
November 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190714/biomarkers-of-iga-vasculitis-nephritis-in-children
#13
Evangeline Pillebout, Agnès Jamin, Hamza Ayari, Pierre Housset, Melissa Pierre, Virginia Sauvaget, Denis Viglietti, Georges Deschenes, Renato C Monteiro, Laureline Berthelot
Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a systemic vasculitis characterized by IgA deposits, which target the skin, joints, and kidneys, among other organs. In children, prognosis is often good but little is known about biomarkers of pediatric nephritis. We hypothesized that biological markers, including cytokines, immunoglobulins, IgA-immune complexes, IgA glycosylation and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), may discriminate IgA vasculitis (IgAV) pediatric patients with renal involvement from those without renal involvement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185209/value-of-the-oxford-classification-of-iga-nephropathy-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#14
Ke Xu, Lili Zhang, Jie Ding, Suxia Wang, Baige Su, Huijie Xiao, Fang Wang, Xuhui Zhong, Yanming Li
BACKGROUND: The widely used International Study of Kidney Disease in Children (ISKDC) classification for Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) does not completely correlate with the clinical presentation and long-term prognosis of this disease. Primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and HSPN share common features; thus, the Oxford classification of IgAN might be useful in predicting the long-term outcomes of HSPN. However, its value has not been confirmed in children with HSPN. METHODS: We selected children with HSPN diagnosed between 2003 and 2015, and reclassified their renal biopsies according to the Oxford classification scoring system...
April 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177628/mycophenolate-mofetil-following-glucocorticoid-treatment-in-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-the-role-of-early-initiation-and-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#15
Agnes Hackl, Jan U Becker, Lisa M Körner, Rasmus Ehren, Sandra Habbig, Eva Nüsken, Kai-Dietrich Nüsken, Kathrin Ebner, Max C Liebau, Carsten Müller, Martin Pohl, Lutz T Weber
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in childhood and traditionally considered as a self-limiting disease. However, renal involvement can unfavorably determine long-term prognosis. The reported regimens to treat HSP nephritis (HSPN) are diverse, indicating that the most effective treatment remains controversial. METHODS: This retrospective, single-center study involved 18 patients presenting with HSPN and nephrotic-range proteinuria...
April 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130775/results-of-native-and-transplant-kidney-biopsies-of-children-in-a-single-center-over-a-15-years-period
#16
Emel Isiyel, Kibriya Fidan, Bahar Buyukkaragoz, Meltem Akcaboy, Yasar Kandur, Ipek Isik Gonul, Necla Buyan, Sevcan Bakkaloglu, Oguz Soylemezoglu
Renal biopsy is an important diagnostic procedure in pediatric nephrology. This study retrospectively investigates the indications, results and complications in a single tertiary children's hospital in Turkey. We evaluated the native and transplant kidney biopsies in Gazi University Pediatric Nephrology Department between 2001 and 2015. A total of 196 biopsies (144 natives and 52 transplants) were included into the study. The mean age of the patients was respectively 10.8 ± 3.5, 13.9 ± 1.5 years...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129626/clinical-significance-of-the-serum-biomarker-index-detection-in-children-with-henoch-schonlein-purpura
#17
Narangerel Purevdorj, Yun Mu, Yajun Gu, Fang Zheng, Ran Wang, Jinwei Yu, Xuguo Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a panel of serum biomarkers for laboratory diagnosis of pediatric Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: The blood white blood cells (WBC) and serum levels of serum amyloid A (SAA), interleukin 6 (IL-6), immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin E (IgE), C-reactive protein (CRP), complement component 3 (C3), complement component 4 (C4), and ASO (anti-streptolysin O) were detected in 127 patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), 110 cases of septicemia patients, and 121 healthy volunteers...
February 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115055/differences-between-adult-and-pediatric-onset-henoch-schonlein-purpura-from-north-india
#18
Vikas Gupta, Amita Aggarwal, Ranjan Gupta, Abhra Chandra Chowdhury, Vikas Agarwal, Able Lawrence, Ramnath Misra
AIM: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), a primary vasculitis, characterized by purpura, abdominal pain, arthritis and renal involvement, is predominantly a disease of childhood. However, rarely it can occur in adults in whom it is believed to be a more severe form with poor renal outcomes. We aimed to answer if the age of onset affected the clinical spectrum and renal outcomes of the disease in a north Indian population. Hence, we studied the differences in clinical spectrum and renal outcomes between adult-onset HSP and childhood-onset HSP...
January 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097818/dapsone-treatment-is-efficient-against-persistent-cutaneous-and-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#19
Jana Volejnikova, Jaroslav Horacek, Frantisek Kopriva
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic disorder characterized by leukocytoclastic vasculitis involving the capillaries and by the deposition of IgA immune complexes. An association between HSP and atypical bacteria is uncommon in children. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here we report three cases of children, aged 5, 4 and 16 years, who were diagnosed with HSP associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. In all presented cases, persistent cutaneous manifestations and abdominal pain were resistant to antibiotics and corticosteroids, but resolved during 48 h after the introduction of dapsone...
November 2, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038676/adult-onset-henoch-schonlein-purpura-duodenitis
#20
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel A Ona, Charilaos Papafragkakis, Madhavi Reddy
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated vasculitis. HSP presents with purple spots on the skin (purpura), arthralgia, digestive problems, and kidney injury. HSP is most commonly seen in children, and rarely presents in adults. The pathogenesis involves the deposition of immune complexes in small to medium size blood vessels which leads to necrosis and inflammation. Most patients recover after symptomatic treatment, while more severe cases are treated with steroids. We report a 28-year-old female patient who presented with two episodes of hematemesis, worsening abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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