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Henoch schonlein purpura in children

Li-Ping Xia, Xu Chen, Yi Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical effect of high-dose gamma globulin pulse therapy for abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: Thirty-three children with abdominal HSP were randomly assigned to dexamethasone group (15 children) and gamma globulin group (18 children). The children in the dexamethasone group were treated with dexamethasone and conventional treatment, and those in the gamma globulin group were treated with high-dose gamma globulin pulse therapy in addition to the conventional treatment...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Yong Hee Lee, Yu Bin Kim, Ja Wook Koo, Ju-Young Chung
PURPOSE: To investigate the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, investigations and management, and prognosis of patients with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 212 HSP patients under the age of 18 years who were admitted to Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital between 2004 and 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of the HSP patients was 6.93 years, and the ratio of boys to girls was 1.23:1. HSP occurred most frequently in the winter (33...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Meltem Erol, Ozgul Yigit, Mehmet Tasdemir, Ozlem Bostan Gayret, Ovgu Buke, Aysegul Gunes, Sahin Hamilcikan, Ozgur Kasapcopur
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an enzyme implicated in the pathogenesis of renal diseases. Renal involvement is the principal cause of morbidity and mortality in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether serum and urinary MMP-9 levels are associated with renal involvement in HSP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 40 children with HSP (patient group) and 27 healthy volunteer children (control group)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Shweta Kukrety, Pradeepa Vimalachandran, Rajesh Kunadharaju, Vishisht Mehta, Agnes Colanta, Mahmoud Abu Hazeem
Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune mediated disease associated Immunoglobulin A (IgA) deposition within the affected organs. While the disease is commonly seen in the pediatric age group, it is rarely seen in adults. We report the case of a 93-year-old Caucasian lady who presented with nonthrombocytopenic purpuric rash and acute kidney injury after an episode of bronchitis. Rapid and progressive deterioration of renal function prompted a kidney biopsy, which showed findings consistent with IgA nephropathy confirming the diagnosis of HSP...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Neil Gaskill, Bruce Guido, Cynthia Mago
Henoch-Schonlein purpura is an immunoglobulin A (IgA)-immune complex mediated leukocytoclastic vasculitis that classically manifests with palpable purpura, abdominal pain, arthritis, and hematuria or proteinuria. The condition is much more predominant in children (90% of cases) and commonly follows an upper respiratory infection. We present a case of recurrent Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) complicated by nephritis in an adult female initially categorized as IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We review the pathophysiologic basis of HSP nephritis as the variant of HSP accompanied by renal involvement and its pathogenetic commonality with IgA nephropathy...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Zhantao Su, Xin Lv, Yi Liu, Jinhang Zhang, Jingyun Guan, Zhongtao Gai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Gokce Gur, Nilgun Cakar, Saba Kiremitci, Aysel Taktak, Ozge Basaran, Nermin Uncu
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis in children. Vasculitic processes can involve the lung. Although diffuse alveolar hemorrhage may be seen as one of the manifestation of HSP, it is not a frequent presentation. Here we reported the case of a 10-year-old girl with HSP nephritis who developed pulmonary hemorrhage. The patient was treated successfully with intravenous methylprednisolone. A review of the literature revealed that young age may be a good prognostic sign and that immunosuppressive drugs and supportive management are essential in the treatment...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
E F Johnson, D A Wetter, J S Lehman, J L Hand, D M R Davis, M M Tollefson
BACKGROUND: Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) in children is a complex group of conditions. OBJECTIVES: This study presents the demographics, clinical features, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) results and suspected aetiologies of 56 biopsy-confirmed cases of leukocytoclastic vasculitis in children. METHODS: Retrospective review of 56 children seen at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, from 1993 to 2013 with clinical features and cutaneous biopsy consistent with LCV...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Joseph J LaConti, Jean A Donet, Jeong Hee Cho-Vega, Daniel A Sussman, Dana Ascherman, Amar R Deshpande
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibitor therapy has signified an important milestone in the fight against many rheumatological disorders and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Cutaneous adverse events caused by this class of medications are well known but relatively uncommon. Most reactions are mild and rarely warrant treatment withdrawal. Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a disease with cutaneous vasculitis, arthritis, and gastrointestinal and renal involvement that is usually seen in children, though the worst complications are typically seen in adults...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Zhantao Su, Xin Lv, Yi Liu, Jinhang Zhang, Jingyun Guan, Zhongtao Gai
BACKGROUND: Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor, which behaves like a cytokine, involved in various cellular processes such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, survival, adhesion, and migration. Studies provided evidence for a role of MK in acute and chronic inflammatory processes. The association between midkine and Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) has not yet been explored. The aim of our study was to investigate the potential role of midkine in children with HSP...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Izabela Grabska-Kobylecka, Dariusz Nowak, Anna Wlodarczyk, Piotr Bialasiewicz
Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a generalized form of IgA-mediated vasculitis that usually spares pulmonary circulation. Nevertheless, it is conceivable that subclinical changes at the HSP onset may lead to lung impairment in the long term. Therefore, we decided to follow a group of HSP patients for 4 years to monitor changes in pulmonary function. A group of 11 children and adolescents diagnosed with HSP without apparent pulmonary involvement was subjected to pulmonary function tests (PFTs), i.e., spirometry, body plethysmography, and diffusing capacity for CO (DLCO); these tests were repeated after 48 months...
November 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Kibriya Fidan, Ipek Isik Gonul, Bahar Büyükkaragöz, Emel Isiyel, Turgay Arinsoy, Oguz Soylemezoglu
Renal biopsy is the gold standard method for determining the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in children with renal disease. This study aims to evaluate the histopathological features of pediatric renal biopsies obtained from the national nephrology registry in the last two decades. Data recorded in the Turkish Society of Nephrology Registry System (TSNRS) in 1991 as well as in between 2001 and 2010 were analyzed. A total of 3892 biopsies were recorded; with the least number in 1991 (total 103 biopsies from 17 centers) and the highest number in 2008 (total 654 biopsies from 23 centers)...
September 2016: Renal Failure
Hui Xu, Yan-Xiang Pan, Junfeng Zhang, Yujie Liu, Jian-Hua Mao, Wei Li
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), a common allergic hemorrhagic disease, occurs frequently in children affecting kidney, joint and skin. While interleukin-8 (IL-8) plays an important role in inflammation, the association between IL-8 gene +781 C/T polymorphism and HSP remains unclear. Interleukin-8, an important chemokine related to the initiation and amplification of acute inflammatory responses, has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of some autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether IL-8 gene +781 C/T (rs2227306) polymorphism has an influence on susceptibility and clinical manifestations of patients to HSP...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Qiu-Ling Xie, Xi Mo, Shao-Ling Liu, Ming-Ang Zhu, Yue Tao, Xiao-Qin Zhang, Jian Wang, Yan-Liang Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of Cosmc gene mutation in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and the association between Cosmc gene mutation and the susceptibility to HSP. MESULTS: Eighty-four children who were diagnosed with HSP between March 2014 and December 2015 were selected as the HSP group. Fifty-eight healthy volunteers matched for age and sex were enrolled as the control group. Fasting venous blood (5 mL) from the two groups was collected in EDTA anticoagulated tubes, followed by the isolation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) through density gradient centrifugation...
July 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Piotr Skrzypczyk, Agnieszka Kisiel, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
UNLABELLED: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common pediatric autoimmune vasculitis. Gastrointestinal symptoms of HSP including abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting may precede skin changes by several days. We present diagnostic challenges in two adolescents with HSP and severe abdominal symptoms necessitating surgical intervention before the development of skin changes. CASE REPORT 1: A 15-year old boy with 7 day history of abdominal pain, and bloody vomiting (1-2 x per day) without diarrhea...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Borja Croche Santander, Elena Campos, Adela Sánchez, Laura Marcos, Isabel Díaz, Cristóbal Toro
Schonlein-Henoch purpura accounts for the majority of cases of systemic vasculitis in children. Classical presentation is characterized by palpable purpura, glomerulonephritis, arthralgias and abdominal pain. Although genitourinary manifestations, in form of testicular and scrotal involvement, have been widely described, penile involvement remains an extremely rare complication. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who presented with purpuric rash on the glans, prepuce and penile shaft, with painful edema in the penile region...
August 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Shu-Jiong Mao, Xian-Mei Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Lampros Fotis, Paul V Tuttle, Kevin W Baszis, Peri H Pepmueller, Terry L Moore, Andrew J White
BACKGROUND: A small percentage of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) develop a chronic form of the disease that often requires prolonged corticosteroid therapy. Disease modifying anti-rheumatic agents (DMARDs) or biologics have been successfully used to treat those refractory cases. Azathioprine is a DMARD that has been reported to be effective in HSP nephritis and in adult cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis, a condition with cutaneous histology similar to HSP. CASE PRESENTATION: A description of 6 cases with relapsing HSP without significant renal involvement, treated with azathioprine are reported...
2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Hong-Wei Hu, Jiang Duan, Bo Zhao, Jing-Jing Xiong, Mei Liu, Jing-Jing Cui, Xiao-Fei Ji, Ting-Ting Zhang, Li-Zhi Zhang, Yong-Kun Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes and clinical significance of biomarker fecal bile acids (BA) in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: Nineteen children with HSP and twenty-seven healthy children were enrolled in this study. The stool samples were obtained at the acute and remission phases. Fecal BA levels were measured by high performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS). RESULTS: The fecal cholic acid level in the HSP remission group was significantly higher than in the HSP acute group and the healthy control group (P<0...
June 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
E D Xu, Y F Xiao, J J Wang, L Dong
Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN), the most serious long-term complication of Henoch-Schönlein purpura, is one of the most common renal diseases in children. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is implicated in the pathogenesis of renal diseases. Genomic DNA was isolated from the venous blood leukocytes of 220 unrelated patients with HSPN and 205 unrelated healthy individuals. To identify markers contributing to genetic susceptibility to HSPN, this study examined the potential association between HSPN and four single nucleotide polymorphisms of the MMP-9 gene (MMP9) (rs17576, rs3918254, rs3787268, and rs2236416) by using the MassARRAY system...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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