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Henoch schonlein purpura in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774183/annals-express-altered-mean-platelet-volume-in-children-with-henoch-schonlein-purpura-and-its-association-with-disease-activity
#1
Xiang Shi, Wen Chao Li, Li Jun Mo, Xiao Hong Li, Yu Zhen Luo, Liu Qun Qin, Zheng Yang, Wu Ning Mo
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis that occurs mainly in children. A review of the literature has suggested a correlation between mean platelet volume (MPV) and several inflammatory disorders. However, to the best of our knowledge, any potential correlation between MPV and HSP has not been reported in the literature. Therefore, our study aimed to evaluate the role of MPV levels in patients with HSP. METHODS: This study included 97 children with HSP and 120 healthy individuals as controls...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771805/cutaneous-small-vessel-vasculitis-in-two-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Tina Ho, Lauren A V Orenstein, Markus D Boos, Kevin P White, Nicole Fett
Cutaneous small-vessel vasculitis (CSVV) is an infrequent manifestation of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We report two cases of CSVV associated with ulcerative colitis, review the literature, and discuss the diagnostic evaluation of children who present with CSVV and abdominal pain. After excluding more common causes of CSVV and abdominal pain in children, including immunoglobulin A vasculitis (previously Henoch-Schönlein purpura), infectious colitis, and drug-induced vasculitis, alternative diagnoses such as CSVV secondary to IBD or systemic vasculitis with gastrointestinal involvement must be considered...
August 2, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731865/-joining-the-spots-in-adults-and-young-tots-a-clinicopathological-study-of-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-iga-vasculitis
#3
Priyanka P Kedia, Rajalakshmi Tirumalae, Divya Puttegowda, Meryl Antony
INTRODUCTION: Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP; IgA vasculitis), the most common vasculitis of childhood, has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from palpable purpura with abdominal pain and arthritis to the more morbid renal involvement. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To study and correlate the clinical presentation, laboratory values, skin and renal histopathology and immunofluoroscence findings in HSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 44 cases of HSP from March 2011 to February 2014 were studied for the above features along with their clinical outcomes...
August 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731667/-henoch-schonlein-purpura-involving-the-penis-a-case-report
#4
Borja Croche Santander, Elena Campos, Adela Sánchez, Laura Marcos, Isabel Díaz, Cristóbal Toro
Schonlein-Henoch purpura accounts for the majority of cases of systemic vasculitis in children. Classical presentation is characterized by palpable purpura, glomerulonephritis, arthralgias and abdominal pain. Although genitourinary manifestations, in form of testicular and scrotal involvement, have been widely described, penile involvement remains an extremely rare complication. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who presented with purpuric rash on the glans, prepuce and penile shaft, with painful edema in the penile region...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700526/urinary-macrophage-migration-inhibitory-factor-as-a-noninvasive-biomarker-in-pediatric-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#5
Jiapei Wang, Yunyan Li, Yuanling Chen, Xiahua Dai, Yazhen Di, Mengjiao Shen, Qianqian Ying, Shiwei Fu, Yinjie Li
PURPOSES: The aims of this study were to investigate urinary macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) levels and their clinical significance in Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) children with or without nephritis (N) and to assess the influence of steroid treatment on the urine MIF levels of HSPN patients. METHODS: Group I comprised 35 children with HSPN who were examined twice (A before treatment and B after steroid treatment). Group II comprised 41 children with HSP...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697834/-association-of-serum-vitamin-d-level-with-severity-and-treatment-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#6
Li Fan, Heng Liu, Yu-Chuan Wang, Li Chen, Jing-Jing Zhou, Yu-Xia Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of serum vitamin D [25-(OH)D3] level with the severity and treatment in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total of 50 children with newly-diagnosed HSP between January and December, 2015 were enrolled as HSP group, and 49 healthy children were enrolled as control group. Fasting serum samples were collected, and ELISA was used to measure serum 25-(OH)D3 level. According to the serum 25-(OH)D3 level, the HSP group were further divided into normal group (>20 ng/mL) (n=9), insufficiency group (15-20 ng/mL) (n=15), deficiency group (≤15 ng/mL) (n=25), and severe deficiency group (≤5 ng/mL) (n=1)...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691415/association-of-ace-vegf-and-ccl2-gene-polymorphisms-with-henoch-schonlein-purpura-and-evaluating-the-possible-interaction-effects-of-these-loci-in-hsp-patients
#7
Tahereh Mohammadian, Mortaza Bonyadi, Elahe Nabat, Mandana Rafeey
BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a multisystem, small vessel, leucocytoclastic vasculitis. It is predominantly a childhood vasculitis, rarely reported in adults. Studies have shown that several different genetic factors such as genes involved in inflammatory system and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are important in the pathogenesis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the independent effect of three gene polymorphisms including CCL2-2518 C/T, VEGF-634G/C and ACE(I/D) with HSP disease and their possible joint interactions in developing the disease...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680829/azathioprine-treatment-in-two-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#8
COMMENT
Meltem A Melikoğlu, Mehmet Melikoğlu, Emine E Ergul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593405/inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-a-risk-of-nephritis-in-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-children
#9
Jue Jiang, Wuqiong Duan, Xu Shang, Hua Wang, Ya Gao, Peijun Tian, Qi Zhou
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common form of systemic small-vessel vasculitis in children, and HSP nephritis (HSPN) is a major complication of HSP and is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have suggested that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HSP. In this study, we performed a detailed analysis to investigate the potential association between iNOS polymorphisms and the risk of HSP and the tendency for children with HSP to develop HSPN in a Chinese Han population...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515415/evaluation-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-and-low-dose-steroid-combined-therapy-in-moderately-severe-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#10
Zhihong Lu, Junfeng Song, Jianhua Mao, Yonghui Xia, Caiyun Wang
BACKGROUND The most appropriate management of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP) nephritis with nephrotic-range proteinuria remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical therapeutic effects of mycophenolate mofetil and low-dose steroid in Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) with nephrotic-range proteinuria and pathological classification less than IV in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS The clinical effects of MMF and low-dose steroid therapy were studied in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis manifested with nephrotic-range proteinuria, normal kidney function, and <50% crescents or sclerosing lesions on renal biopsy...
May 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472872/herv-k-and-w-expression-in-peripheral-mononuclear-cells-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-and-relation-with-tlrs-activation
#11
Massimiliano Bergallo, Elisa Loiacono, Ilaria Galliano, Paola Montanari, Licia Peruzzi, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Rosanna Coppo
BACKGROUND: HERVs expression seems impaired in several diseases, ranging from autoimmune to neoplastic disorders. However, various stimuli may re-activate HERVs transcription. Henoch-Schönlein purpura is the most common cause of vasculitis in children. The role of microbial antigens in the pathogenesis of HSP remains elusive. TLRs are the first line of defense for the host to initiate an immune and inflammatory response. We aimed to investigate HERV, K and W expression in peripheral mononuclear cells of children with HSP and relation with TLRs activation...
May 4, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446304/-il-33-and-sst2-levels-in-serum-of-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%AE-nlein-purpura-and-their-clinical-significance
#12
Fei Wang, Li-Li Dong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the serum IL-33 and sST2 levels in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP), and explore their clinical significance. METHODS: Total 27 HSP patients and 22 healthy controls were enrolled in present study. The expressions of IL-33 and sST2 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the mRNA expression of IL-33 and sST2 were detected in all subjects. RESULTS: The level of the IL-33 in the serum of HSP group and control group was 365...
April 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409662/association-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-and-nephritis-development-of-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-chinese-han-children
#13
Ailing Wang, Aili Wang, Yanfeng Xiao, Jingjing Wang, Erdi Xu
OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common form of systemic small-vessel vasculitis in children. Previous studies suggested endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of HSP. This study aimed to investigate the potential association between 10 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the eNOS gene and HSP risk and nephritis development in a Chinese Han population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted including 459 healthy children and 423 children with HSP...
June 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407821/-association-between-platelet-activating-factor-acetylhydrolase-gene-polymorphisms-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#14
Bao-Xiang Wang, Hong Mei, Han-Ming Peng, Yuan Gao, Yan Ding
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ninth exon Val279Phe of platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) gene and gastrointestinal bleeding in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total 516 children with HSP were enrolled, among whom 182 had gastrointestinal bleeding and 334 had no gastrointestinal bleeding. PCR was used to investigate the distribution of genotypes and alleles in the SNPs of Val97Phe...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405538/henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-presenting-as-severe-gastrointestinal-and-renal-involvement-with-mixed-outcomes-in-an-adult-patient
#15
Raj Shah, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Alexis Vollmar, Amanda Harrell, Richard Van Trump, Amgad Masoud
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is typically seen as a self-limiting disease in children, but can present more severely in adults, especially when there is renal involvement. Management of HSP in adults also remains a controversial topic with very few studies evaluating available therapies. In this case, HSP presenting as a combination of severe gastrointestinal involvement and a rapid decline in renal function in an adult patient directed our therapy. The patient was a 48-year-old Caucasian male with no known past medical history, who presented with a combination of purpuric rash over the lower extremities, severe abdominal pain with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and a rapidly increasing serum creatinine, with hematuria...
March 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316855/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-henoch-schonlein-purpura-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
Iliyana H Pacheva, Ivan S Ivanov, Krastina Stefanova, Elena Chepisheva, Lyubov Chochkova, Dafina Grozeva, Angelina Stoyanova, Stojan Milenkov, Penka Stefanova, Anna Petrova
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is rare but poses diagnostic difficulties. The aim of the study was to establish the frequency of CNS involvement in HSP, to analyze its clinical characteristics and do a literature review. Medical files of patients with HSP admitted at the Department of Pediatrics, Plovdiv, were studied retrospectively for a five-year period (2009-2013). Diagnosis was based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria. Out of 112 children with HSP 1 case (0...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302200/-association-between-ctla-4-gene-polymorphism-and-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-in-children
#17
Hong-Hong Hou, Yan-Ping Huang, Li Liu, Gai-Tao He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between CTLA-4 gene polymorphism and Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) in children. METHODS: Sixty children who were diagnosed with HSP were enrolled as the case group, consisting of 33 males and 27 females. Thirty healthy children were enrolled as the control group. The patients were further divided into HSP nephritis (HSPN) and non-HSPN groups (n=30 each) according to the presence or absence of nephritis. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used to analyze the genotype and allele frequencies at +49 and -1722 loci...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302199/-changes-in-25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-level-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#18
Yuan-Da Zhang, Qing-Wei Dong, Rong-Min Li, Chao-Yu Ji, Yong-Tao Chu, Lei Ma, Yu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D3] level in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and its clinical significance. METHODS: A total of 92 HSP children were included in this study, and were divided into HSP nephritis (HSPN) group (31 cases) and HSP group (61 cases) based on the presence or absence of HSPN. Alternatively, the patients were divided into purpura alone group (22 cases), purpura with joint symptoms group (joint symptom group, 24 cases), purpura with gastrointestinal symptoms group (gastrointestinal symptom group, 20 cases), and purpura with joint and gastrointestinal symptoms (mixed group, 26 cases) based on their clinical symptoms...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296755/inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-burden-in-pediatrics-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
Cristina Oana Mărginean, Lorena Elena Meliţ, Simona Mocanu, Maria Oana Mărginean
INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic condition of the gastrointestinal tract, comprising mainly Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both of them are frequently encountered in children, being multifactorial conditions, with an unclear etiology. PATIENTS CONCERNS: We present 4 cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children in order to underline the variable evolution depending on the patient's particularities. DIAGNOSIS, INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: The first case, a 13-year-old male patient, with a history of Henoch-Schonlein purpura, was admitted for rectal bleeding and weight loss, with normal laboratory parameters...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273242/evaluation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-mcp-1-expression-and-tubulointerstitial-fibrosis-in-children-with-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis-and-iga-nephropathy-a-clinical-correlation
#20
Zhao Shuiai, Shen Huijun, Gu Weizhong, Liu Aimin, Mao Jianhua
OBJECTIVES: Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis and immunoglobulin A nephropathy are two diseases with similar clinical presentations but very different prognoses. Transforming growth factor β1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 have been associated with the development of tissue fibrosis. We examined the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis and its relationship with Transforming growth factor β1 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression in these patients. METHODS: Renal tissue samples were collected by renal biopsy from 50 children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis and 50 children with immunoglobulin A nephropathy...
February 1, 2017: Clinics
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