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Junjie Chen, Sarah Klem, Alexis K Jones, Bradford Orr, Mark M Banaszak Holl
Folate-conjugated nanomaterials have been widely investigated for drug and imaging-agent delivery. In this work, two folic acid (FA) conjugated iron oxide particles (IOP), a ∼40 nm diameter FA-IOP and a ∼450 nm diameter FA-IOP(FA-SeraMag), were synthesized. Both particles aggregated in the presence of serum folate-binding protein (FBP) at physiological concentration and buffer conditions. Mixing 0.01% w/w FA-conjugated iron oxide particles with FBP-induced agglomeration generated an average hydrodynamic particle diameter of 3800 ± 1100 nm for ∼40 nm FA-IOP and 4030 ± 1100 nm for FA-SeraMag as measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
January 18, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Gaia Fumagalli, Michael S Christodoulou, Benedetta Riva, Inigo Revuelta, Cristina Marucci, Veronica Collico, Davide Prosperi, Sergio Riva, Dario Perdicchia, Ivan Bassanini, Aida García-Argáez, Lisa Dalla Via, Daniele Passarella
The ability of 4-(1,2-diphenylbut-1-en-1-yl)aniline as a self-assembly inducer is reported. The conjugation of this moiety with aloin or podophyllotoxin resulted in spherical nanoparticles that were characterized by Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and NanoSight technology. A preliminary biological evaluation on two cancer cell lines is reported.
January 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Prasad G Mahajan, Govind B Kolekar, Shivajirao R Patil
Schiff base centered fluorescent organic compound 1,1'-[(1E,2E)-hydrazine-1,2-diylidenedi(E)methylylidene]- dinaphthalen-2-ol (HN) was synthesized followed by spectral characterization viz., NMR, IR and Mass spectroscopy. The fluorescent nanoparticles of HN prepared using reprecipitation method shows red shifted aggregation induced enhanced emission (AIEE) with respect to HN solution in acetone. The average particle size of nanoparticles (HNNPs) is of 67.2 nm shows sphere shape morphology. The surfactant cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) used to stabilize HNNPs induces positive charge surface with zeta potential of 11...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
Cornelia E Peña-González, Elzbieta Pedziwiatr-Werbicka, Dzmitry Shcharbin, Carlos Guerrero-Beltrán, Viktar Abashkin, Svetlana Loznikova, José L Jiménez, M Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Maria Bryszewska, Rafael Gómez, Javier Sánchez-Nieves, F Javier de la Mata
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and polycationic macromolecules are used as gene carriers. Their behaviour is dependent on several factors, such as the size and type of the framework, charge, etc. We have combined both types of systems and prepared AuNPs covered with cationic carbosilane dendrons with the aim to evaluate their biocompatibility. Water soluble dendronized cationic AuNPs were prepared following a straightforward procedure from dendrons, a gold precursor and a reducing agent in water and were characterized by (1)H NMR, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV), and zeta potential (ZP)...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Ruiyu He, Yawei Du, Longbing Ling, Muhammad Ismail, Yongpeng Hou, Chen Yao, Xinsong Li
Bexarotene (Bex), a synthetic retinoid X receptor-selective activator, has been proved to be an efficacious chemotherapeutic agent. But, its clinical application is limited due to the poor solubility. In this report, dual bexarotene-tailed phospholipid (DBTP) conjugate based nanovesicles were prepared in order to develop new nanoformulation. DBTP conjugate was first synthesized by conjugating two Bex molecules with glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC) through facial esterification. The amphiphilic DBTP nanovesicles were prepared without any additive by reverse-phase evaporation method...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sireesh Babu Maddinedi, Badal Kumar Mandal, Swetha Kameswari Maddili
A facile biosynthetic approach for the size controllable production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Cinnamomum tsoi as reducing and capping agent is developed. The polyphenolic functionalities present in the extract are essentially responsible for the synthesis and stabilization of AgNPs. The size and morphology of the AgNPs were effectively tuned by changing the volume of the extract. The availability of oxidized polyphenols play key role in tuning the size and morphology of the prepared NPs...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Shalini Rajput, Lok P Singh, Charles U Pittman, Dinesh Mohan
Superparamagnetic maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) nanoparticles of controllable morphology were successfully synthesized using a flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) technique. Their physico-chemical properties, size, morphology, and surface chemistries were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction patterns (SAED), SEM-EDX, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and pHZPC(6.3). Elemental contents before and after adsorption were identified using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (ED-XRF), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and elemental mapping...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Indresh Yadav, Sugam Kumar, Vinod K Aswal, Joachim Kohlbrecher
The pH-dependent structure and interaction of anionic silica nanoparticles (diameter 18 nm) with two globular model proteins-lysozyme and bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been studied. Cationic lysozyme adsorbs strongly on the nanoparticles and the adsorption follows an exponential growth as a function of lysozyme concentration, where the saturation value increases with pH approaching towards the isoelectric point (IEP) of lysozyme. In contrast, irrespective of the pH, anionic BSA does not show any adsorption...
January 12, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Shannon M North, Elizabeth R Jones, Gregory N Smith, Oleksandr O Mykhaylyk, Tom Annable, Steven P Armes
This work focuses on the use of copolymer nanoparticles as a dispersant for a model pigment (silica). Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) alcoholic dispersion polymerization was used to synthesize sterically stabilized diblock copolymer nanoparticles. The steric stabilizer block was poly(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) [PDMA] while the core-forming block was poly(benzyl methacrylate) [PBzMA]. The mean degrees of polymerization for the PDMA and PBzMA blocks were 71 and 100, respectively...
January 11, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Imen Nouioui, Markus Göker, Lorena Carro, Maria Del Carmen Montero-Calasanz, Manfred Rohde, Tanja Woyke, Nikos C Kyrpides, Hans-Peter Klenk
Nakamurella lactea DLS-10(T), isolated from rock in Korea, is one of the four type strains of the genus Nakamurella. In this study, we describe the high quality draft genome of N. lactea DLS-10(T) and its annotation. A summary of phenotypic data collected from previously published studies was also included. The genome of strain DLS-10(T) presents a size of 5.82 Mpb, 5100 protein coding genes, and a C + G content of 68.9%. Based on the genome analysis, emended description of N. lactea in terms of G + C content was also proposed...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Simon Isaksson, Erik B Watkins, Kathryn L Browning, Tania Kjellerup Lind, Marité Cárdenas, Kristina Hedfalk, Fredrik Höök, Martin Andersson
Proteins are key components in a multitude of biological processes, of which the functions carried out by transmembrane (membrane-spanning) proteins are especially demanding for investigations. This is because this class of protein needs to be incorporated into a lipid bilayer representing its native environment, and in addition, many experimental conditions also require a solid support for stabilization and analytical purposes. The solid support substrate may, however, limit the protein functionality due to protein-material interactions and a lack of physical space...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Hanying Zhao, Yuanyuan Ju, Cheng Xing, Dongxia Wu, Yunfang Wu, Lianyong Wang
In this research, covalently connected polymer-protein nanostructures were fabricated by reactive self-assembly approach. PtBMA-co-PPDSMA was synthesized by reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Covalently connected nanostructures (CCNs) with hydrophobic polymer cores and hydrophilic protein coronae were prepared by adding PtBMA-co-PPDSMA/DMF solutions into bovine serum albumin (BSA) aqueous solutions. The thiol-disulfide exchange reaction between the pyridyl disulfide groups on the polymer chains and the thiol groups on the protein molecules plays a key role in the fabrication of CCNs...
January 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Mohammad Javad Aghagoli, Mostafa Hossein Beyki, Farzaneh Shemirani
Recently, molybdenum disulfide has been attracted considerable attention due to its unique three layered structure. Adsorption sites with abundant electron density on edges and surfaces of MoS2 can adsorb different metal ions with no need to ligand and functionalization. In this study, dahlia-like MoS2 nanosheets were prepared by a simple hydrothermal method and characterized using different tools such as FESEM, TEM, EDX, XRD, DLS and zeta potential measurements. Then, they were applied for solid phase extraction of Co(II) as an example of heavy metals...
May 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Martina Romio, Camillo La Mesa
Multi-walled carbon nanotubes, MWCNTs, are stabilized thanks to the surface wrapping of single-strand DNA, ss-DNA; the resulting adducts are kinetically and thermodynamically stable Such entities build up nano-hybrids with titania, TiO2, nano-particles, in presence of surfactant as an adjuvant. The conditions leading to TiO2 adsorption onto ss-DNA/CNTs were investigated, by optimizing the concentration of adducts, nano-particles (NPs), and of the cationic surfactant (CTAB). Controlling the working conditions makes possible to get homogeneously organized hybrids...
December 24, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Prasad G Mahajan, G B Kolekar, Shivajirao R Patil
Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) crowned chrysene nanoparticles (CHYNPs) were prepared by using a reprecipitation method. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) studies indicate that the monodispersed spherical nanoparticles bear a negative charge on their surfaces. The bathochromic spectral shift in the UV-visible and fluorescence spectrum of CHYNPs from chrysene (CHY) in acetone solution supports the J- type aggregation of nanoparticles. The aggregation-induced enhanced emission of CHYNPs at 486 and 522 nm decreases by increasing the concentration of the Ca(2)(+) ion solution...
January 5, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Majid Ghashang, Peyman Khosravian, Hamid Ghayoor
In this study, a nano-composite of zinc oxide/natural-Zeolite was synthesized by mechanical method. The obtained microstructure was characterized by FE-SEM, XRD, EDX, and DLS techniques. Two different phases were identified in XRD patterns as hexagonal ZnO and orthorhombic Zeolite with the average crystal size of 86 and 141 nm respectively. The prepared nanocomposite consists of uniform particles with the mean diameter of near 91 nm. The prepared nanocomposite is used for the removal of penicillin from aqueous solution...
January 5, 2017: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology
Dan Wang, Shu-Mu Li, Jian-Quan Zheng, Duan-Yang Kong, Xiang-Jun Zheng, De-Cai Fang, Lin-Pei Jin
2-(Trityliminomethyl)-quinolin-8-ol (HL) and its Zn(II) complex were synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. HL is an unsymmetrical molecule and coordinated with Zn(II) ion to form ZnL2 in the antiparallel-mode arrangement via Zn-O (hydroxyl group) and Zn-N (quinoline ring) of HL. A high degree of ZnL2 molecules ordering stacking is formed by the coordination bonds and intermolecular π-π interactions, in which head-to-tail arrangement (J-mode stacking) for L(-) is found. HL is nonfluorescent and ZnL2 is weakly fluorescent in THF...
January 5, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Hamed Barabadi, Soheila Honary, Milad Ali Mohammadi, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mohammad Taghi Rahimi, Ahad Alizadeh, Farzaneh Naghibi, Muthupandian Saravanan
Hydatid disease is a helminth infection with various clinical complications caused by the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The scolicidal agents have been broadly applied for inactivation of the fertile cysts up to now, but these scolicidal agents have several side effects on patients. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the scolicidal activity of green synthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) utilizing mycelia-free culture filtrate of Penicillium aculeatum against hydatid cyst protoscolices of E...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Brajesh Kumar, Kumari Smita, Luis Cumbal, Alexis Debut
Green synthesis of nanoparticles using various plant materials opens a new scope for the phytochemist and discourages the use of toxic chemicals. In this article, we report an eco-friendly and low-cost method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Andean blackberry fruit extracts as both a reducing and capping agent. The green synthesized AgNPs were characterized by various analytical instruments like UV-visible, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Shira Rotchild
Backward walking (BW) is an inherent component of mobility and function in daily activities, particularly indoors, when it is more likely that a person is barefoot. No studies to date have compared the spatio-temporal characteristics of BW with and without shoes in elderly individuals. This study compared spatio-temporal measures of BW and forward walking (FW) among elderly individuals while barefoot or wearing shoes. Forty-seven elderly individuals (13 men and 34 women, 76.7±7.7years of age) were evaluated...
December 6, 2016: Gait & Posture
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