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Muhammad Adeeb Khan, Shaukat Ali, Subbu S Venkatraman, Muhammad Farhan Sohail, Muhammad Ovais, Abida Raza
Sorafenib (SFN), a hydrophobic anticancer drug, has several limitations predominantly poor aqueous solubility and hepatic first-pass effect, limiting its oral delivery that results into several other complications. Present study aims to develop Sorafenib loaded polymersomes using Poly butadiene block poly ethylene oxide (PB-b-PEO), an amphiphilic co-block polymer. Prior to drug loading, critical aggregate concentration (CAC) of 'polymer was calculated for stable formulation synthesis. The developed SFN loaded PB-b-PEO polymersomes (SFN-PB-b-PEO, test formulation) characterized by DLS and cryo-TEM showed particle size 282 nm, polydispersity (PDI) of less than 0...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Lau Kia Kian, Mohammad Jawaid, Hidayah Ariffin, Zoheb Karim
Roselle fiber is a renewable and sustainable agricultural waste enriched with cellulose polysaccharides. The isolation of Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) from roselle-derived microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is an alternative approach to recover the agricultural roselle plant residue. In the present study, acid hydrolysis with different reaction time was carried out to degrade the roselle-derived MCC to form NCC. The characterizations of isolated NCC were conducted through Fourier Transform Infrared Ray (FTIR), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Kehu Zhang, Jiangtao Liu, Yinzhou Guo, Yan Li, Xiao Ma, Zhongli Lei
Herein, we prepared a novel quintuple-stimuli-responsive shell-crosslinked (SCL) nanocontainer in respond to temperature, pH, light, and oxidation or reduction species. The well-defined amphiphilic diblock copolymer poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl ferrocenecarboxylate)-(5-propargylether-2-nitrobenzyl bromoisobutyrate)-poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PMAEFc-ONB-PDMAEMA) was synthesized via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and click chemistry. The diblock copolymer self-assembled into spherical micelles with a uniform size in aqueous media as non-crosslinked (NCL) micelles, and then the micelles were crosslinked by N,N'-bis(bromoacetyl) cystamine (BBAC) through quaternization reaction between the nitrogen of DMAEMA and the bromine of BBAC to receive the SCL micelles which shrunk at higher temperature, swelled at acidic pH or a low concentration of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), decrosslinked by a small amount of DL-dithiothreitol (DTT), and were disrupted with DTT and UV light...
June 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Vaishnavi Rohitkumar Shah, Pardeep K Gupta
PURPOSE: Despite the fact that r-hGH was first approved for use by FDA in 1995 and the conventional dosage form in the market has a limitation of daily subcutaneous injections, there remains a lack of sustained delivery system in the market. Nutropin depot, a long-acting dosage form of r-hGH was approved for marketing by FDA in 1999, however, it was discontinued in 2004. Since then, unabating efforts have been made to develop biodegradable polymer based formulations for r-hGH delivery...
March 15, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Negin Sabziparvar, Yosra Saeedi, Mina Nouri, Atefeh Sadat Najafi Bozorgi, Elahe Alizadeh, Farnoosh Attar, Keivan Akhtari, Seyyedeh Elaheh Mousavi, Mojtaba Falahati
NPs have received a great attention in biological and medical applications due to their unique features. However, their induced adverse effects on the biological system are not well explored. Herein, the interaction of silicon dioxide nanoparticle (SiO2 NP) with human hemoglobin (Hb) and lymphocyte cell line was evaluated under physiological conditions by multi spectroscopic (intrinsic and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, and circular dichrosim (CD)), molecular docking, and cellular (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining) methods...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Heerak Chugh, Damini Sood, Ishita Chandra, Vartika Tomar, Gagan Dhawan, Ramesh Chandra
Development of nanoparticles (NPs) as a part of cancer therapeutics has given rise to a new field of research - cancer nanomedicine. In comparison to traditional anti-cancer drugs, NPs provide a targeted approach which prevents undesirable effects. In this communication, we have reviewed the role of gold and silver NPs (AgNPs) in the cancer nanomedicine. The preparation of gold NPs (AuNPs) and AgNPs can be grouped into three categories - physical, chemical and biological. Among the three approaches, the biological approach is growing and receiving more attention due to its safe and effective production...
March 13, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jacobs H Jordan, Corinne L D Gibb, Anthony Wishard, Thu Pham, Bruce C Gibb
A combination of1 H NMR spectroscopy, DLS, and turbidity measurements reveal that polarizable anions engender both the Hofmeister and reverse Hofmeister effects in positand 2. Host 2 possesses two principal and distinctly different binding sites: a "soft" nonpolar pocket and a "hard" crown of ammonium cations. NMR spectroscopy reveals that anion affinity to both sites is comparable, with each site showing characteristic selectivities. NMR spectroscopy also reveals that anions competitively bind to the pocket and induce the Hofmeister effect in host-guest binding at very low concentrations (∼2 mM)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Esra Metin, Pelin Mutlu, Ufuk Gunduz
BACKGROUND: Although conventional chemotherapy is the most common method for cancer treatment, it has several side effects such as neuropathy, alopecia and cardiotoxicity. Since the drugs are given to body systemically, normal cells are also affected, just like cancer cells. However, in recent years, targeted drug delivery has been developed to overcome these drawbacks. OBJECTIVE: The aim in this study was targeted co-delivery of doxorubicin (Dox) which is an anticancer agent and D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E TPGS or simply TPGS) to breast cancer cells...
March 13, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Ahmed I El-Batal, Nawal E Al-Hazmi, Farag M Mosallam, Gharieb S El-Sayyad
Mono-dispersed copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) were constructed using cheap polysaccharides (citrus pectin, chitosan, and sodium alginate), and by appropriating aqueous fermented fenugreek powder (FFP) under the action of Pleurotus ostreatus (as reducing and preserving means), through the influence of gamma irradiation. The created CuNPs are described by UV-Vis. spectroscopy TEM, DLS, XRD, and FT-IR. XRD study of the CuNPs confirmed the generation of metallic CuNPs. The nucleation and the production mechanism of CuNPs are moreover explained...
March 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Natasha Slhessarenko, Cor J F Fontes, Maria Eduarda S F Barreto, Raymundo S Azevedo, Adagmar Andriolo
OBJECTIVE: To determine decision limits (DL) for total cholesterol (TC), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c), non-HDL cholesterol (NHDL-c), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c), and triglycerides (TG) in healthy children and adolescents from Cuiabá, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 1866 healthy children and adolescents randomly selected from daycare centers and public schools in Cuiabá. The desirable levels of serum lipids were defined using the classic criteria, i...
March 8, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
M G Herrera, D S Vazquez, R Sreij, M Drechsler, Y Hertle, T Hellweg, V I Dodero
Alpha-gliadin is a highly immunogenic protein from wheat, which is associated with many human diseases, like celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Because of that, gliadin solution is subject to intense biomedical research. However, the physicochemical nature of the employed gliadin solution at physiological pH is not understood. Herein, we present a supramolecular evaluation of the alpha-gliadin protein in water at pH 3.0 by dynamic light scattering (DLS), cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) and small-angle-...
February 27, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Regiamara Ribeiro Almeida, Elisa Tatiana Silva Damasceno, Stephanne Yonara Barbosa de Carvalho, Gustavo Senra Gonçalves de Carvalho, Leiriana Aparecida Pinto Gontijo, Luiz Gustavo de Lima Guimarães
In order to enable the applicability of the essential oil of Lippia origanoides Kunth, increasing its stability and dispersion in aqueous base, were prepared nanogels of chitosan modified with ferulic acid to be used in their encapsulation. The results obtained by FTIR and13 C SSNMR revealed the formation of CS-FA link in the different synthesized nanogels, while the studied by DLS showed particles with varied sizes and positive charge. A satisfactory encapsulation capacity of the essential oil was obtained for the nanogels...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
K Rasheeda, H Bharathy, N Nishad Fathima
Excess collagen fibril accumulation is one of the leading causes for stroke and myocardial infarction, thus inducing interest in identifying and studying the compounds, which inhibits collagen fibril formation. Herein, inhibition of self-assembly of collagen has been studied using syringic acid and vanillic acid. These plant phytochemicals are well known antioxidants and they reduce oxidative stress as well. Inhibitory effect on collagen fibrils using syringic and vanillic acid has been studied using varying biophysical techniques...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jingjie Tan, Chan Li, Qian Wang, Shuyi Li, Shizhu Chen, Jinchao Zhang, Paul C Wang, Lei Ren, Xing-Jie Liang
Flurbiprofen, a hydrophobic COX inhibitor, was coordinated axially with oxoplatin to form a new conjugate cis, cis, trans-[Pt(IV)(NH3)2Cl2(flurbiprofen)2]. The successful synthsis of this new conjugate was confirmed by 1H, 13C and 195Pt NMR. The potential of this conjugate being reduced to cisplatin and subsequently exerting its DNA cross-linking ability was verified using cyclic voltammetry (CV), HPLC and mass spectrum (MS). This conjugate showed markedly higher cytotoxicity on many cancer cell lines than cisplatin, flurbiprofen and physical mixture (mol ratio, cisplatin: flurbiprofen=1:2) of them...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Viktoria Grasmik, Christian Rurainsky, Kateryna Loza, Mathies V Evers, Oleg Prymak, Marc Heggen, Kristina Tschulik, Matthias Epple
Spherical bimetallic AgAu nanoparticles in the molar ratios 30:70, 50:50, and 70:30 with a diameter of 30 to 40 nm were analyzed together with pure silver and gold nanoparticles of the same size. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and differential centrifugal sedimentation (DCS) were used for size determination. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to determine the nanoalloy composition, together with atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and Ultraviolet-visible (UV/vis) spectroscopy...
March 9, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Pegah Khanjani, Alistair William Thomas King, Gabriel J Partl, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Mauri A Kostiainen, Robin H A Ras
The development of economically and ecologically viable strategies for superhydrophobization offers a vast variety of interesting applications in self-cleaning surfaces. Examples include packaging materials, textiles, outdoor clothing, and microfluidic devices. In this work, we produced superhydrophobic paper by spin-coating a dispersion of nanostructured fluorinated cellulose esters. Modification of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) was accomplished using 2H,2H,3H,3H-perfluorononanoyl chloride and 2H,2H,3H,3H-perfluoroundecanoyl chloride, which are well-known for their ability to reduce surface energy...
March 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lan Ma, Peiyi Wu
Well-defined poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/poly(tributylhexylphosphonium 3-sulfopropylmethacrylate) (PNIPAM/P[P4,4,4,6 ][MC3S]) interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) microgels were synthesized by two-step precipitation polymerization, and the thermally induced phase transition mechanism of IPN microgels was investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS), temperature-dependent IR spectroscopy together with the perturbation correlation moving window (PCMW) technique and two dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2Dcos)...
March 8, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mikhail F Butman, Nikolay L Ovchinnikov, Nikita S Karasev, Nataliya E Kochkina, Alexander V Agafonov, Alexandr V Vinogradov
We report on a new approach for the synthesis of TiO2 -pillared montmorillonite, where the pillars exhibit a high degree of crystallinity (nanocrystals) representing a mixture of anatase and rutile phases. The structures exhibit improved adsorption and photocatalytic activity as a result of hydrothermally activated intercalation of titanium polyhydroxo complexes (i.e., TiCl4 hydrolysis products) in a solution with a concentration close to the sol formation limit. The materials, produced at various annealing temperatures from the intercalated samples, were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)/thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, and liquefied nitrogen adsorption/desorption...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Olena Ivashchenko, Barbara Peplińska, Jacek Gapiński, Dorota Flak, Marcin Jarek, Karol Załęski, Grzegorz Nowaczyk, Zuzanna Pietralik, Stefan Jurga
Micro/nanostructures, which are assembled from various nanosized building blocks are of great scientific interests due to their combined features in the micro- and nanometer scale. This study for the first time demonstrates that ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles can change the microstructure of their hydrocolloids under the action of external magnetic field. We aimed also at the establishment of the physiological temperature (39 °C) influence on the self-organization of silver and ultrasmall iron oxides nanoparticles (NPs) in hydrocolloids...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Narjes Nemati Dil, Mohammad Sadeghi
The present work involves the synthesis of porous gelatin/AcA (PGE-AcA) hydrogel and novel porous gelatin-silver/AcA (NPGESNC-AcA) nanocomposite hydrogel, and their ability as effective biosorbents for the removal of Cu2+ ions from contaminated water. The formation of the samples was confirmed by UV-Vis, TEM, SEM, EDX, DLS, AFM, XRD, TGA/DTG and FTIR techniques. The adsorption studies results showed that maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of copper ions for PGE-AcA was achieved about 130.50 mg g-1 in pH 6...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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