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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538920/the-national-permanent-health-education-policy-in-public-health-schools-reflections-from-practice
#1
Maria Lúcia de Macedo Cardoso, Patricia Pol Costa, Delaine Martins Costa, Caco Xavier, Rosa Maria Pinheiro Souza
This study aimed to analyze aspects of the implementation of the National Permanent Health Education Policy of the Brazilian Ministry of Health, based on the experiences of Public Health Schools. Five workshops were held in schools located in different regions of the country, taking into account an analysis of the conceptual and organizational basis of the policy. The methodological premises hinged on a reflexivist approach based on a dialogue between the research team and school participants, which built on the identification and meaning of the experiences of these institution in permanent health education (PHE)...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525648/the-role-of-omics-in-the-application-of-adverse-outcome-pathways-for-chemical-risk-assessment
#2
Erica K Brockmeier, Geoff Hodges, Thomas H Hutchinson, Emma Butler, Markus Hecker, Knut Erik Tollefsen, Natalia Garcia-Reyero, Peter Kille, Dörthe Becker, Kevin Chipman, John Colbourne, Timothy W Collette, Andrew Cossins, Mark Cronin, Peter Graystock, Steve Gutsell, Dries Knapen, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Anke Lange, Stuart Marshall, Stewart F Owen, Edward J Perkins, Stewart Plaistow, Anthony Schroeder, Daisy Taylor, Mark Viant, Gerald Ankley, Francesco Falciani
In conjunction with the second International Environmental Omics Symposium (iEOS) conference, held at the University of Liverpool (UK) in September 2014, a workshop was held to bring together experts in toxicology and regulatory science from academia, government and industry. The purpose of the workshop was to review the specific roles that high-content omics datasets (e.g., transcriptomics, metabolomics, lipidomics, and proteomics) can hold within the adverse outcome pathway (AOP) framework for supporting ecological and human health risk assessments...
May 19, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514914/using-action-learning-to-reduce-health-inequity-in-danish-municipalities
#3
Anna Paldam Folker, Sigurd Lauridsen
Purpose The aim of this study is to clarify how action learning can be used as a vehicle for promoting equal access to municipal health services for socially disadvantaged groups in a Danish context. It is the purpose of this paper to describe the methods for reducing health inequity developed in the study and to discuss how action learning methodologically contributed to achieving these results. Design/methodology/approach In the study, the front-line staff from 19 health and social service units in six different municipalities, in Denmark, each formed an action learning group to develop methods for reducing health inequity in a municipal health setting...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514913/action-learning-ripples-within-and-beyond-the-set
#4
Robert James Warwick, Adam Palmer, Janet McCray
Purpose This paper aims to explore the impact of action learning (AL) on an individual and an organisation, particularly the process by which each affected the other. The organisation is a UK National Health Service (NHS) Trust that includes two hospitals. Design/methodology/approach This is a single person case study involving a clinician, but the voice of an author can also be heard. It involves the experience of the individual as they experience AL as part of a leadership development programme leading to a postgraduate certificate...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514912/team-sponsors-in-community-based-health-leadership-programs
#5
Tracy Enright Patterson, Donna R Dinkin, Heather Champion
Purpose The purpose of this article is to share the lessons learned about the role of team sponsors in action-learning teams as part of community-based health leadership development programs. Design/methodology/approach This case study uses program survey results from fellow participants, action learning coaches and team sponsors to understand the value of sponsors to the teams, the roles they most often filled and the challenges they faced as team sponsors. Findings The extent to which the sponsors were perceived as having contributed to the work of the action learning teams varied greatly from team to team...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514911/action-learning-across-the-decades
#6
Ken Eason
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how action learning concepts were used in two healthcare projects undertaken many decades apart. The specific purpose in both cases was to examine how action learning can contribute to shared learning across key stakeholders in a complex socio-technical system. In each case study, action learning supported joint design programmes and the sharing of perspectives about the complex system under investigation. Design/methodology/approach Two action learning projects are described: first, the Hospital Internal Communications (HIC) project led by Reg Revans in the 1960s...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514910/value-based-healthcare-measurement-as-a-context-for-organizational-learning
#7
Patrik Nordin, Anna-Aurora Kork, Inka Koskela
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the potential of organizational learning for developing effectiveness of care. Value-based healthcare measurement recognizes patient value as a driver for improving health outcomes at the societal and individual levels. By using the action learning method, this paper examines the phases of organizational learning in a private healthcare organization that has developed a novel Big Data screening tool for the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514908/using-action-learning-sets-to-support-change-in-end-of-life-care
#8
Karen Gillett, Liz Reed, Liz Bryan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the delivery of facilitated action learning sets as an integral component of a multidisciplinary end-of-life care course. Design/methodology/approach The educational intervention described in this paper is delivered by specialist palliative care practitioners to those working with dying patients and their families in non-specialist settings. The programme consists of two components: the first taught/experience-based component takes place in a hospice. The second integral component involves action learning sets which are facilitated by specialist palliative care staff over a six-month period...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513803/primary-health-care-and-tuberculosis-services-evaluation
#9
Anneliese Domingues Wysocki, Maria Amélia Zanon Ponce, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Ale Beraldo, Silvia Helena Figueiredo Vendramini, Lúcia Marina Scatena, Antonio Ruffino, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
Introduction: In order to control tuberculosis, the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommends the decentralization of control actions directed to the Primary Health Care, and there are few studies on the performance of the Tuberculosis Control Program in decentralized contexts. Objective: To evaluate the performance of Primary Health Care services in tuberculosis treatment. Methods: This is an evaluative study with cross-sectional approach conducted in 2011...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#10
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474056/challenges-of-integrating-evidence-into-health-policy-and-planning-linking-multiple-disciplinary-approaches
#11
Carmen Huckel Schneider, Fiona Blyth
OBJECTIVES: To explore the challenges that arise through the multidisciplinary nature of evidence informed policy making (EIPM). Type of program or service: Education and practice for EIPM. METHODS: This article summarises and compares four disciplinary approaches to EIPM with highly contrasting starting points: behavioural science, policy science, critical theory and intervention research. Key insights and theories are highlighted to provide a gateway into each, and to complement what is already known about the evidence needs of policy makers in terms of high-quality, timely and well-communicated research evidence...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460752/-we-ve-learned-to-live-with-it-a-qualitative-study-of-australian-horse-owners-attitudes-perceptions-and-practices-in-response-to-hendra-virus
#12
Anke K Wiethoelter, Kate Sawford, Nicole Schembri, Melanie R Taylor, Navneet K Dhand, Barbara Moloney, Therese Wright, Nina Kung, Hume E Field, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio
Hendra virus causes sporadic zoonotic disease in Australia following spill over from flying foxes to horses and from horses to people. Prevention and risk mitigation strategies such as vaccination of horses or biosecurity and property management measures are widely publicised, but hinge on initiative and action taken by horse owners as they mediate management, care and treatment of their animals. Hence, underlying beliefs, values and attitudes of horse owners influence their uptake of recommended risk mitigation measures...
May 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453626/protocol-to-monitor-trade-agreement-food-related-aspects-the-fiji-case-study
#13
Amerita Ravuvu, Sharon Friel, Anne Marie Thow, Wendy Snowdon, Jillian Wate
Despite the growing rates of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases, globally, public health attention has only relatively recently turned to the links between trade agreements and the nutritional risks associated with it. Specific trade agreements appear to have played an influential role in the volume and types of foods entering different countries, yet there is currently no systematic and objective monitoring of trade agreements for their impacts on food environments. Recently, INFORMAS was set up to monitor and benchmark food environments, government policies and private sector actions within countries and globally...
April 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453118/-community-center-for-human-development-program-for-african-colombian-families-based-on-the-participatory-action-research-approach
#14
Yenny M Barreto-Zorza, Vilma F Velasquez-Gutierrez
Objective: To describe the process of construction of a program of Primary Health Care (PHC) for African-Colombian families in Guapi, Cauca. Methodology: Participatory action research (PAR). Results: The PHC program is a collective construction between the IAP Group and the Commission for Support and Follow-up (CAS), carried out in four phases: 1. Field preparation; 2. Approximation to the universe of the African-Colombian families of Guapi; 3...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450271/social-health-inequalities-and-ehealth-a-literature-review-with-qualitative-synthesis-of-theoretical-and-empirical-studies
#15
Karine Latulippe, Christine Hamel, Dominique Giroux
BACKGROUND: eHealth is developing rapidly and brings with it a promise to reduce social health inequalities (SHIs). Yet, it appears that it also has the potential to increase them. OBJECTIVES: The general objective of this review was to set out how to ensure that eHealth contributes to reducing SHIs rather than exacerbating them. This review has three objectives: (1) identifying characteristics of people at risk of experiencing social inequality in health; (2) determining the possibilities of developing eHealth tools that avoid increasing SHI; and (3) modeling the process of using an eHealth tool by people vulnerable to SHI...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444039/the-health-regionalization-process-from-the-perspective-of-the-transation-cost-theory
#16
Leyla Gomes Sancho, Daniela Savi Geremia, Sulamis Dain, Fabiano Geremia, Cláudio José Silva Leão
This study analyzes the incidence of transaction costs in the regionalization process of health policies in the Brazilian federal system. In this work, regionalized health actions contracted and agreed between federal agencies have assumed a transactional nature. A conceptual theoretical essay of reflective nature was prepared with the purpose of questioning and proposing new approaches to improve the health regionalization process. The main considerations suggest that institutional management tools proposed by the standards and regulations of the Unified Health System have a low potential to reduce transaction costs, especially due to hardships in reconciling common goals among the entities, environment surrounded by uncertainty, asymmetries and incomplete information, bounded rationality and conflict of interest...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444035/regional-governance-in-brazil-s-unified-health-system-a-conceptual-essay
#17
Patrícia Tavares Ribeiro, Oswaldo Yoshimi Tanaka, Jean-Louis Denis
This article is a conceptual essay aimed at supporting analyses of the regionalization processes implemented in Brazil's Unified Health System, from the perspective of regional governance. The authors conducted a literature review in the social sciences, public administration, and critical geography, focusing on the concepts of governance, territorial governance, and regional governance in the debate on development. In dialogue with these contributions to the analysis of recent regulation and implementation of health sector regionalization in Brazil, with special reference to use of the Organizational Contract for Public Action (COAP) in the country's health regions, the article concludes that the research on governance as a modern approach to linking public policies highlights the timeliness of developing methodologies and critical reflection on the relevant national processes in Brazil for future health sector proposals, thereby pointing to a new stage in the improvement of the Unified Health System...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#18
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438177/responding-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-zambia-a-policy-analysis
#19
Mulenga M Mukanu, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Chrispin Mweemba, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are an emerging global health concern. Reports have shown that, in Zambia, NCDs are also an emerging problem and the government has begun initiating a policy response. The present study explores the policy response to NCDs by the Ministry of Health in Zambia using the policy triangle framework of Walt and Gilson. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used for the study. Data collected through key informant interviews with stakeholders who were involved in the NCD health policy development process as well as review of key planning and policy documents were analysed using thematic analysis...
April 24, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#20
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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