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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457126/using-predictive-evaluation-to-design-evaluate-and-improve-training-for-polio-volunteers
#1
Denise A Traicoff, Dave Basarab, Derek T Ehrhardt, Sandi Brown, Martin Celaya, Dennis Jarvis, Elizabeth H Howze
Background: Predictive Evaluation (PE) uses a four-step process to predict results then designs and evaluates a training intervention accordingly. In 2012, the Sustainable Management Development Program (SMDP) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention used PE to train Stop Transmission of Polio (STOP) program volunteers. Methods: Stakeholders defined specific beliefs and practices that volunteers should demonstrate. These predictions and adult learning practices were used to design a curriculum to train four cohorts...
March 2018: Pedagogy in Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448091/evidence-and-prospective-of-plant-derived-flavonoids-as-antiplatelet-agents-strong-candidates-to-be-drugs-of-future
#2
Harron Khan, Mohammad Jawad, Mohammad Ajmal Kamal, Alessandra Baldi, Jianbo Xiao, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Maria Daglia
Platelets are involved in hemostasis, inflammation, and thrombosis processes. Following a vascular damage, the endothelium releases protein factors, allowing the adhesion of subendothelium to platelets. Then platelets are activated, leading to the secretion of biologically-active ligands including thromboxane A2, adenosine diphosphate and serotonin. Aspirin, clopidogrel and warfarin are the most common drugs used to meet the challenges of platelet aggregation. However, these agents face issues with aspirin resistance and bleeding...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446755/classification-methods-to-detect-sleep-apnea-in-adults-based-on-respiratory-and-oximetry-signals-a-systematic-review
#3
Md Bashir Uddin, Chin-Moi Chow, Steven W Su
Sleep apnea (SA), a common sleep disorder, can significantly decrease the quality of life, and is closely associated with major health risk such as cardiovascular disease, sudden death, depression, and hypertension. Normal diagnostic process of SA using polysomnography (PSG) is costly and time consuming. In addition, the accuracy of different classification methods to detect SA varies with the use of different physiological signals. If an effective, reliable, and accurate classification method is developed, then the diagnosis of SA and their associated treatment will be time-efficient and economical...
February 15, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424407/-the-constructivist-epistemological-belief-about-scientific-knowledge-varies-according-to-the-year-of-training-in-medical-students-but-not-in-students-of-other-health-careers
#4
Ximena Lazcano, Francisco Villalón, Soledad Vera, Paulette Conget
BACKGROUND: To optimize the teaching-learning process it is fundamental to know the representations that students have regarding knowledge. Epistemological beliefs are implicit theories that guide the practical actions of people. AIM: To characterize and compare epistemological beliefs regarding the nature and acquisition of scientific knowledge of health career students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, 726 students coursing first, third or fifth year from six health careers answered a validated questionnaire that includes closed and open questions aimed to characterize their epistemological beliefs about scientific knowledge...
September 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422169/-i-do-the-best-i-can-personal-care-preferences-of-patients-of-size
#5
Mary Dial, Jennifer Holmes, Robin McGownd, M Cecilia Wendler
AIM: Obesity is a common co-morbidity of hospitalized patients, and nurses sometimes have great difficulty meeting the skin care needs of patients of size. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify successful self-care strategies patients of size used to care for themselves at home, in order to replicate these successes in the hospital. BACKGROUND: When patients who are obese are hospitalized they are vulnerable to complications, including skin integrity problems...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420990/potential-roles-of-vitamin-e-in-age-related-changes-in-skeletal-muscle-health
#6
REVIEW
Eunhee Chung, Huanbiao Mo, Shu Wang, Yujiao Zu, Manal Elfakhani, Steven R Rios, Ming-Chien Chyu, Rong-Sen Yang, Chwan-Li Shen
Skeletal muscle disorders including sarcopenia are prevalent during the complex biological process of aging. Loss of muscle mass and strength commonly seen in sarcopenia is induced by impaired neuromuscular innervation, transition of skeletal muscle fiber type, and reduced muscle regenerative capacity, all attributable to chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Current literature suggests that vitamin E molecules (α-, β-, γ-, δ-tocopherols and the corresponding tocotrienols) with their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities may mitigate age-associated skeletal dysfunction and enhance muscle regeneration, thus attenuating sarcopenia...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415697/study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-a-smartphone-application-on-oral-health-behavior-and-oral-hygiene-in-adolescents-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#7
Janneke F M Scheerman, Berno van Meijel, Pepijn van Empelen, Gem J C Kramer, Gijsbert H W Verrips, Amir H Pakpour, Matheus C T Van den Braak, Cor van Loveren
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances are at high risk of developing dental caries. To date, new smartphone technologies have seldom been used to support them in the preventive behavior that can help prevent dental caries. After an intervention-mapping process, we developed a smartphone application (the WhiteTeeth app) for preventing dental caries through improved oral-health behavior and oral hygiene. The app, which is intended to be used at home, will help adolescents with fixed orthodontic appliances perform their oral self-care behavior...
February 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406822/world-health-organization-joint-external-evaluations-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-2016-17
#8
Dalia Samhouri, Kashef Ijaz, Michel Thieren, Antoine Flahault, Suzanne M Babich, Hamid Jafari, Jaouad Mahjour
By 2014, only 33% of countries had self-reported compliance with the International Health Regulations (2005), including 8 countries from the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). During the Ebola epidemic, the discovery of a gap between objective assessment and self-reports for certain IHR capacities prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to review and update the IHR monitoring and evaluation framework to include a voluntary objective review process, called Joint External Evaluation (JEE), that did not exist before...
February 6, 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402108/the-evolution-of-the-kelley-community-capacity-development-model-for-palliative-care
#9
Mary Lou Kelley
This oral presentation will describe the conceptual evolution of the Kelley model for Community Capacity Development [2000-2016]. It will illustrate how and why the model changed to become a powerful Canadian example of a public health approach to developing community based palliative care programs. Based on conducting participatory action research in rural, First Nations communities and long-term care homes, the perspective of "community" gradually expanded beyond health care professionals to include natural helpers, front line care providers, formal and informal community leaders, and social services...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402097/lessons-we-are-learning-using-participatory-action-research-to-integrate-palliative-care-health-promotion-and-public-health-through-the-d%C3%A3-bra-research-program-in-sweden
#10
Carol Tishelman
Public health and health promotion approaches to end-of-life (EoL) research and care are still rare in Sweden. People remain generally ill-prepared for encounters with death and unable to advocate for quality EoL care; this may be reflected in Sweden's low scores for community engagement in the 2015 Quality of Death index. We have consolidated our endeavours into a cohesive national transdisciplinary research program, DöBra (a pun meaning both 'dying well' and 'awesome' in Swedish). In DöBra, we investigate how culture, the environment and conversation can promote constructive change and support better quality of life and death among the general population, in specific subgroups and in interventions directed to staff caring for dying individuals, their friends and families...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401222/older-coresearchers-exploring-age-friendly-communities-an-insider-perspective-on-the-benefits-and-challenges-of-peer-research
#11
Tine Buffel
Background and Objectives: A growing body of work suggests that co- or peer-research may contribute to understanding the complex health and social problems experienced in later life. Yet, only a limited number of studies have involved older persons as partners in the research process. Moreover, in conflict with the philosophy of participatory research, the views of those acting as coresearchers tend to be ignored. This paper gives an "insider" account of the process of coresearch, drawing upon the experiences of older people trained to undertake a community-based research project...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399675/augmented-personalized-health-how-smart-data-with-iots-and-ai-is-about-to-change-healthcare
#12
Amit Sheth, Utkarshani Jaimini, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Tanvi Banerjee
Healthcare as we know it is in the process of going through a massive change - from episodic to continuous, from disease focused to wellness and quality of life focused, from clinic centric to anywhere a patient is, from clinician controlled to patient empowered, and from being driven by limited data to 360-degree, multimodal personal-public-population physical-cyber-social big data driven. While ability to create and capture data is already here, the upcoming innovations will be in converting this big data into smart data through contextual and personalized processing such that patients and clinicians can make better decisions and take timely actions for augmented personalized health...
September 2017: RTSI ...: ... International Forum on Research and Technologies for Society and Industry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395987/humanitarian-health-computing-using-artificial-intelligence-and-social-media-a-narrative-literature-review
#13
Luis Fernandez-Luque, Muhammad Imran
INTRODUCTION: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 130 million people are in constant need of humanitarian assistance due to natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and conflicts, among other factors. These health crises can compromise the resilience of healthcare systems, which are essential for achieving the health objectives of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN). During a humanitarian health crisis, rapid and informed decision making is required...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394932/moving-knowledge-into-action-for-more-effective-practice-programmes-and-policy-protocol-for-a-research-programme-on-integrated-knowledge-translation
#14
Ian D Graham, Anita Kothari, Chris McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: Health research is conducted with the expectation that it advances knowledge and eventually translates into improved health systems and population health. However, research findings are often caught in the know-do gap: they are not acted upon in a timely way or not applied at all. Integrated knowledge translation (IKT) is advanced as a way to increase the relevance, applicability and impact of research. With IKT, knowledge users work with researchers throughout the research process, starting with identification of the research question...
February 2, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388446/the-development-of-a-provincial-food-and-nutrition-strategy-through-cross-sector-collaboration
#15
Lynn Roblin, Rebecca Truscott, Meaghan R Boddy
A whole-system perspective is critical in efforts to create a healthy population and a productive, equitable, and sustainable food system. In 2009, the Ontario Collaborative Group on Healthy Eating and Physical Activity undertook a bold initiative to develop a comprehensive provincial strategy encompassing the entire food system. The Ontario Food and Nutrition Strategy was shaped through extensive consultation with diverse stakeholders. This strategy identified strategic directions and priority actions for productive, equitable, and sustainable food systems intended to promote the health and well-being of all Ontarians...
February 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385855/assessing-and-mobilizing-faith-organizations-to-implement-childhood-obesity-prevention-advocacy-strategies
#16
Christine T Bozlak, James M Kenady, Adam B Becker
Childhood obesity remains a public health problem requiring mobilization across diverse social and political sectors. The faith-based sector can contribute to obesity prevention advocacy when existing resources are supported and leveraged. This article describes an advocacy resource assessment conducted in six Chicago faith organizations. Key administrators and congregation members were surveyed to identify organizational resources that could be mobilized for childhood obesity prevention advocacy. Survey data were analyzed using SPSS and Excel...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378561/primary-palliative-care-in-general-practice-study-protocol-of-a-three-stage-mixed-methods-organizational-health-services-research-study
#17
Helen Ewertowski, Fabian Tetzlaff, Stephanie Stiel, Nils Schneider, Saskia Jünger
BACKGROUND: The focus of this project is on improving the provision of primary palliative care (PC) by general practitioners (GPs). While approximately 10-15% of the incurable, seriously ill or dying people will be in need of specialist PC, the vast majority can be adequately treated within generalist care. The strengthening of the GP's role in PC, as well as ensuring close collaboration between specialist PC services and GPs have been identified as top priorities for the improvement of PC in Germany...
January 30, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377387/a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-patients-and-health-professionals-towards-exercise-intervention-for-people-who-are-surgically-treated-for-lung-cancer
#18
K Crandall, R Maguire, A Campbell, N Kearney
Surgical removal remains the best curative option for patients diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer. However, it is also associated with significant morbidity and reduced quality of life. Interventions to improve patient outcomes are required. This study aimed to explore the views, attitudes and beliefs of key stakeholders on exercise intervention for people who are surgically treated for lung cancer to inform the development of future interventions. Focus groups and individual interviews were carried out at two Scottish sites...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376216/pollution-characteristics-of-surface-runoff-under-different-restoration-types-in-manganese-tailing-wasteland
#19
Jun Wang, Qingyu Cheng, Shengguo Xue, Manikandan Rajendran, Chuan Wu, Jiaxin Liao
A great deal of manganese and associated heavy metals (such as Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, etc.) was produced in manganese mining, smelting, and other processes and weathering and leaching of waste slag, which entered rainwater runoff by different means under the action of rainfall runoff. It caused heavy metal pollution in water environment to surrounding areas, and then environmental and human health risks were becoming increasingly serious. In the Xiangtan manganese mine, we studied the characteristics of nutritional pollutants and heavy metals by using the method of bounded runoff plots on the manganese tailing wasteland after carrying out some site treatments using three different approaches, such as (1) exposed tailings, the control treatment (ET), (2) external-soil amelioration and colonization of Cynodon dactylon (Linn...
January 29, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373587/qualitative-analysis-of-the-dynamics-of-policy-design-and-implementation-in-hospital-funding-reform
#20
Karen S Palmer, Adalsteinn D Brown, Jenna M Evans, Husayn Marani, Kirstie K Russell, Danielle Martin, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: As in many health care systems, some Canadian jurisdictions have begun shifting away from global hospital budgets. Payment for episodes of care has begun to be implemented. Starting in 2012, the Province of Ontario implemented hospital funding reforms comprising three elements: Global Budgets; Health Based Allocation Method (HBAM); and Quality-Based Procedures (QBP). This evaluation focuses on implementation of QBPs, a procedure/diagnosis-specific funding approach involving a pre-set price per episode of care coupled with best practice clinical pathways...
2018: PloS One
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