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health action process approach

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820690/scaling-up-of-an-innovative-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-transmission-in-uruguay-in-the-framework-of-an-intersectoral-approach-with-and-without-community-participation
#1
César Basso, Elsa García da Rosa, Rosario Lairihoy, Ruben M Caffera, Ingrid Roche, Cristina González, Ricardo da Rosa, Alexis Gularte, Eduardo Alfonso-Sierra, Max Petzold, Axel Kroeger, Johannes Sommerfeld
To contribute to the prevention of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, a process of scaling up an innovative intervention to reduce Aedes aegypti habitats, was carried out in the city of Salto (Uruguay) based on a transdisciplinary analysis of the eco-bio-social determinants. The intervention in one-third of the city included the distributions of plastic bags for all households to collect all discarded water containers that were recollected by the Ministry of Health and the Municipality vector control services. The results were evaluated in 20 randomly assigned clusters of 100 households each, in the intervention and control arm...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815144/a-clinical-decision-support-system-for-monitoring-post-colonoscopy-patient-follow-up-and-scheduling
#2
Roxanne Wadia, Mark Shifman, Forrest L Levin, Luis Marenco, Cynthia A Brandt, Kei-Hoi Cheung, Tamar Taddei, Michael Krauthammer
This paper describes a natural language processing (NLP)-based clinical decision support (CDS) system that is geared towards colon cancer care coordinators as the end users. The system is implemented using a metadata- driven Structured Query Language (SQL) function (discriminant function). For our pilot study, we have developed a training corpus consisting of 2,085 pathology reports from the VA Connecticut Health Care System (VACHS). We categorized reports as "actionable"- requiring close follow up, or "non-actionable"- requiring standard or no follow up...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798465/minimally-invasive-dentistry-enhancing-oral-health-related-behaviour-through-behaviour-change-techniques
#3
J T Newton, K Asimakopoulou
Enhancing patients' oral health related behaviour is a critical component of the preventive approach which is central to the practice of minimally invasive dentistry. The first step in the process of behaviour change is creating capability to change behaviour through the provision of information and guidance. The second step involves enhancing the motivation to change through emphasising the benefits of behaviour change and emphasising the individual patients' susceptibility or risk of oral disease. The third step seeks to put motivation into action through creating opportunities to practice oral health behaviour...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794620/spreading-improvements-for-advanced-copd-care-through-a-canadian-collaborative
#4
Graeme M Rocker, Claudia Amar, Wendy L Laframboise, Jane Burns, Jennifer Y Verma
BACKGROUND: A year-long pan-Canadian quality improvement collaborative (QIC) led by the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (CFHI) supported the spread of the successful Halifax, Nova Scotia-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ to 19 teams in the 10 Canadian provinces. We describe QIC results, addressing two main questions: 1) Can the results of the Nova Scotia INSPIRED model be replicated elsewhere in Canada? 2) How did the teams implement and evaluate their versions of the INSPIRED program? METHODS: Collaborative faculty selected measures that were evidence-based, relatively simple to collect, and relevant to local context...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780534/applying-the-health-action-process-approach-to-bicycle-helmet-use-and-evaluating-a-social-marketing-campaign
#5
Florian M Karl, Jennifer Smith, Shannon Piedt, Kate Turcotte, Ian Pike
BACKGROUND: Bicycle injuries are of concern in Canada. Since helmet use was mandated in 1996 in the province of British Columbia, Canada, use has increased and head injuries have decreased. Despite the law, many cyclists do not wear a helmet. Health action process approach (HAPA) model explains intention and behaviour with self-efficacy, risk perception, outcome expectancies and planning constructs. The present study examines the impact of a social marketing campaign on HAPA constructs in the context of bicycle helmet use...
August 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778019/photoinactivation-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-by-monomeric-methylene-blue-conjugated-gold-nanoparticles
#6
Shakir Khan, Shahper N Khan, Ramovatar Meena, Ayaz M Dar, Ruchita Pal, Asad U Khan
Multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial infections have become a severe threat to the community health due to a progressive rise in antibiotic resistance. Nanoparticle-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly been adopted as a potential antimicrobial option, yet the cytotoxicity associated with PDT is quite unspecific. Herein, we show Concanavalin-A (ConA) directed dextran capped gold nanoparticles (GNPDEX-ConA) enhanced the efficacy and selectivity of methylene blue (MB) induced killing of multidrug resistant clinical isolates...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765104/a-technological-innovation-to-reduce-prescribing-errors-based-on-implementation-intentions-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-myprescribe
#7
Chris Keyworth, Jo Hart, Hong Thoong, Jane Ferguson, Mary Tully
BACKGROUND: Although prescribing of medication in hospitals is rarely an error-free process, prescribers receive little feedback on their mistakes and ways to change future practices. Audit and feedback interventions may be an effective approach to modifying the clinical practice of health professionals, but these may pose logistical challenges when used in hospitals. Moreover, such interventions are often labor intensive. Consequently, there is a need to develop effective and innovative interventions to overcome these challenges and to improve the delivery of feedback on prescribing...
August 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764754/national-policies-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-in-the-workplace-context-a-behaviour-change-wheel-guided-content-analysis-of-policy-papers-in-finland
#8
Tuija Seppälä, Nelli Hankonen, Eveliina Korkiakangas, Johanna Ruusuvuori, Jaana Laitinen
BACKGROUND: Health policy papers disseminate recommendations and guidelines for the development and implementation of health promotion interventions. Such documents have rarely been investigated with regard to their assumed mechanisms of action for changing behaviour. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCT) Taxonomy have been used to code behaviour change intervention descriptions, but to our knowledge such "retrofitting" of policy papers has not previously been reported...
August 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764720/setting-performance-based-financing-in-the-health-sector-agenda-a-case-study-in-cameroon
#9
Isidore Sieleunou, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Jean-Claude Taptué Fotso, Denise Magne Tamga, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Estelle Kouokam, Valery Ridde
BACKGROUND: More than 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced performance-based financing (PBF) in their healthcare systems. Yet, there has been little research on the process by which PBF was put on the national policy agenda in Africa. This study examines the policy process behind the introduction of PBF program in Cameroon. METHODS: The research is an explanatory case study using the Kingdon multiple streams framework. We conducted a document review and 25 interviews with various types of actors involved in the policy process...
August 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760726/triaging-patient-complaints-monte-carlo-cross-validation-of-six-machine-learning-classifiers
#10
Adel Elmessiry, William O Cooper, Thomas F Catron, Jan Karrass, Zhe Zhang, Munindar P Singh
BACKGROUND: Unsolicited patient complaints can be a useful service recovery tool for health care organizations. Some patient complaints contain information that may necessitate further action on the part of the health care organization and/or the health care professional. Current approaches depend on the manual processing of patient complaints, which can be costly, slow, and challenging in terms of scalability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate automatic patient triage, which can potentially improve response time and provide much-needed scale, thereby enhancing opportunities to encourage physicians to self-regulate...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759586/apology-in-cases-of-medical-error-disclosure-thoughts-based-on-a-preliminary-study
#11
Sonia Dahan, Dominique Ducard, Laurence Caeymaex
BACKGROUND: Disclosing medical errors is considered necessary by patients, ethicists, and health care professionals. Literature insists on the framing of this disclosure and describes the apology as appropriate and necessary. However, this policy seems difficult to put into practice. Few works have explored the function and meaning of the apology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role ascribed to apology in communication between healthcare professionals and patients when disclosing a medical error, and to discuss these findings using a linguistic and philosophical perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#12
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736409/putting-the-community-back-into-community-health-needs-assessments-maximizing-partnerships-via-community-based-participatory-research
#13
Chris Michael Kirk, Sharon Johnson-Hakim, Ashley Anglin, Catherine Connelly
THE PROBLEM: The community health needs assessment (CHNA) mandate of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has the potential to make significant and sustainable change in the health of communities. However, to date many hospital-led assessments have used traditional, top-down data collection approaches that overemphasize individualized community member deficits and underutilize collaboration across sectors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to present the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a framework for conducting CHNAs in a way that mitigates the potential for harm, waste, and misrepresentation of community assets and needs that characterizes many existing CHNA processes, illustrating the power of applying CBPR partnerships to this process...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732238/community-action-for-health-in-india-s-national-rural-health-mission-one-policy-many-paths
#14
Rakhal Gaitonde, Miguel San Sebastian, V R Muraleedharan, Anna-Karin Hurtig
Community participation as a strategy for health system strengthening and accountability is an almost ubiquitous policy prescription. In 2005, with the election of a new Government in India, the National Rural Health Mission was launched. This was aimed at 'architectural correction' of the health care system, and enshrined 'communitization' as one of its pillars. The mission also provided unique policy spaces and opportunity structures that enabled civil society groups to attempt to bring on to the policy agenda as well as implement a more collective action and social justice based approach to community based accountability...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716143/the-factors-affecting-the-institutionalisation-of-two-policy-units-in-burkina-faso-s-health-system-a-case-study
#15
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat
BACKGROUND: This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso's health system. It examines the relationships between the existence of an institutional framework, data production capacity and other resource availability in the institutionalisation of policy units in health systems. It therefore contributes to our understanding of the dynamics linking the key drivers and indicators of institutionalisation...
July 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702758/real-time-monitoring-of-engagement-with-a-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-binge-drinking-among-men-living-in-socially-disadvantaged-areas-of-scotland
#16
Linda Irvine, Ambrose J Melson, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, Andrew McKenzie, Claire Jones, Iain K Crombie
PURPOSE: This study identified the extent and nature of engagement with a theoretically based behaviour change text message intervention intended to reduce binge drinking. The data were from a randomised controlled trial tackling binge drinking among socially disadvantaged men. METHOD: An intervention, comprising 112 text messages, and based on the principles of the Health Action Process Approach, was delivered to 411 socially disadvantaged men. Participants sent almost 7500 responses to the text messages...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697729/the-relevance-of-different-trust-models-for-representation-in-patient-organizations-conceptual-considerations
#17
Helene Gerhards, Karin Jongsma, Silke Schicktanz
BACKGROUND: Trust within organizations is important for ensuring members' acceptance of the organization's activities and to expand their scope of action. Remarkably, Patient Organizations (POs) that often both function as a forum for self-help and represent patients on the health-political level, have been understudied in this respect. This paper analyzes the relation between trust and representation in POs. We distinguish between two models of representation originating from political theory: the trustee and delegate model and between two types of trust: horizontal and vertical trust...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#18
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680412/taking-the-concept-of-citizenship-in-mental-health-across-countries-reflections-on-transferring-principles-and-practice-to-different-sociocultural-contexts
#19
Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Michael Rowe
Transferring principles and practices to different sociocultural and professional contexts in the field of mental health can be very complex. Previous research on public health policy points to difficulties in different areas such as the understanding the new concepts, their applicability in different health systems, and suitable approaches to its effective implementation. The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze the process of transferring the concept of Citizenship, from its United States origins in mental health outreach work with persons who are homeless to Catalonia, Spain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679814/a-national-strategy-for-palliative-care
#20
Diane E Meier, Anthony L Back, Amy Berman, Susan D Block, Janet M Corrigan, R Sean Morrison
In 2014 the World Health Organization called for palliative care to be integrated as an essential element of the health care continuum. Yet in 2017 US palliative care services are found largely in hospitals, and hospice care, which is delivered primarily in the home, is limited to people who are dying soon. The majority of Americans with a serious illness are not dying; are living at home, in assisted living facilities, or in nursing homes; and have limited access to palliative care. Most health care providers lack knowledge about and skills in pain and symptom management, communication, and care coordination, and both the public and health professionals are only vaguely aware of the benefits of palliative care and how and when to access it...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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