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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732238/community-action-for-health-in-india-s-national-rural-health-mission-one-policy-many-paths
#1
Rakhal Gaitonde, Miguel San Sebastian, V R Muraleedharan, Anna-Karin Hurtig
Community participation as a strategy for health system strengthening and accountability is an almost ubiquitous policy prescription. In 2005, with the election of a new Government in India, the National Rural Health Mission was launched. This was aimed at 'architectural correction' of the health care system, and enshrined 'communitization' as one of its pillars. The mission also provided unique policy spaces and opportunity structures that enabled civil society groups to attempt to bring on to the policy agenda as well as implement a more collective action and social justice based approach to community based accountability...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716143/the-factors-affecting-the-institutionalisation-of-two-policy-units-in-burkina-faso-s-health-system-a-case-study
#2
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat
BACKGROUND: This paper is one of three linked studies that attempts to understand the process of institutionalisation of policy units within Burkina Faso's health system. It examines the relationships between the existence of an institutional framework, data production capacity and other resource availability in the institutionalisation of policy units in health systems. It therefore contributes to our understanding of the dynamics linking the key drivers and indicators of institutionalisation...
July 17, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702758/real-time-monitoring-of-engagement-with-a-text-message-intervention-to-reduce-binge-drinking-among-men-living-in-socially-disadvantaged-areas-of-scotland
#3
Linda Irvine, Ambrose J Melson, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, Andrew McKenzie, Claire Jones, Iain K Crombie
PURPOSE: This study identified the extent and nature of engagement with a theoretically based behaviour change text message intervention intended to reduce binge drinking. The data were from a randomised controlled trial tackling binge drinking among socially disadvantaged men. METHOD: An intervention, comprising 112 text messages, and based on the principles of the Health Action Process Approach, was delivered to 411 socially disadvantaged men. Participants sent almost 7500 responses to the text messages...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697729/the-relevance-of-different-trust-models-for-representation-in-patient-organizations-conceptual-considerations
#4
Helene Gerhards, Karin Jongsma, Silke Schicktanz
BACKGROUND: Trust within organizations is important for ensuring members' acceptance of the organization's activities and to expand their scope of action. Remarkably, Patient Organizations (POs) that often both function as a forum for self-help and represent patients on the health-political level, have been understudied in this respect. This paper analyzes the relation between trust and representation in POs. We distinguish between two models of representation originating from political theory: the trustee and delegate model and between two types of trust: horizontal and vertical trust...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#5
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680412/taking-the-concept-of-citizenship-in-mental-health-across-countries-reflections-on-transferring-principles-and-practice-to-different-sociocultural-contexts
#6
Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Michael Rowe
Transferring principles and practices to different sociocultural and professional contexts in the field of mental health can be very complex. Previous research on public health policy points to difficulties in different areas such as the understanding the new concepts, their applicability in different health systems, and suitable approaches to its effective implementation. The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze the process of transferring the concept of Citizenship, from its United States origins in mental health outreach work with persons who are homeless to Catalonia, Spain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679814/a-national-strategy-for-palliative-care
#7
Diane E Meier, Anthony L Back, Amy Berman, Susan D Block, Janet M Corrigan, R Sean Morrison
In 2014 the World Health Organization called for palliative care to be integrated as an essential element of the health care continuum. Yet in 2017 US palliative care services are found largely in hospitals, and hospice care, which is delivered primarily in the home, is limited to people who are dying soon. The majority of Americans with a serious illness are not dying; are living at home, in assisted living facilities, or in nursing homes; and have limited access to palliative care. Most health care providers lack knowledge about and skills in pain and symptom management, communication, and care coordination, and both the public and health professionals are only vaguely aware of the benefits of palliative care and how and when to access it...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678068/anesthesia-adverse-events-voluntarily-reported-in-the-veterans-health-administration-and-lessons-learned
#8
Julia Neily, Elda S Silla, Sam John T Sum-Ping, Roberta Reedy, Douglas E Paull, Lisa Mazzia, Peter D Mills, Robin R Hemphill
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia providers have long been pioneers in patient safety. Despite remarkable efforts, anesthesia errors still occur, resulting in complications, injuries, and even death. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) National Center of Patient Safety uses root cause analysis (RCA) to examine why system-related adverse events occur and how to prevent future similar events. This study describes the types of anesthesia adverse events reported in VHA hospitals and their root causes and preventative actions...
July 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675714/processes-of-recovery-through-routine-or-specialist-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder-bpd-a-qualitative-study
#9
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang, Kirsten Barnicot, Hayley White, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Recovery processes in borderline personality disorder (BPD) are poorly understood. AIMS: This study explored how recovery in BPD occurs through routine or specialist treatment, as perceived by service users (SUs) and therapists. METHODS: SUs were recruited from two specialist BPD services, three community mental health teams, and one psychological therapies service. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 SUs and 15 therapists...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675133/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-nepal
#10
Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Despite concerted effort from government and partners, Nepal continues to have a high burden of under nutrition among children. Identifying opportunities to strengthen policy support for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is a key component to improve child survival, growth and development. This study aims to explore policy support for IYCF and to identify the influential stakeholders for IYCF for effective future policy development and programmatic action. METHODS: Policies relevant to IYCF were identified through web searches and direct approaches to relevant government ministries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656740/tailoring-reablement-a-grounded-theory-study-of-establishing-reablement-in-a-community-setting-in-norway
#11
Cathrine Moe, Berit Støre Brinchmann
Reablement is an interprofessional, home-based rehabilitation service that aims to enable senior residents to cope with everyday life and to prevent functional impairments. Systematic accounts of what practitioners actually do when establishing reablement are lacking. This study aims to generate a grounded theory of practitioners' patterns of action when establishing reablement. The study is located in Norway, and grounded theory is the methodological approach. Data were collected from January 2014 to August 2016 through participant observations, focus group interviews and individual interviews...
June 27, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650413/community-priorities-for-hospital-based-prevention-initiatives-results-from-a-deliberating-public
#12
Marthe R Gold, Lindsey Realmuto, Maya Scherer, Alexandra Kamler, Linda Weiss
CONTEXT: Internal revenue service provisions require not-for-profit hospitals to provide "community benefit." In addition, the Affordable Care Act requires these hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments that involve appropriate stakeholders. These requirements signal government interest in creating opportunities for developing programs that are well tailored and responsive to the needs of the communities served. Gaining meaningful input from residents is a critical aspect of these processes...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639481/supporting-decision-making-by-a-health-promotion-programme-experiences-of-persons-ageing-in-the-context-of-migration
#13
Emmelie Barenfeld, Susanne Gustafsson, Lars Wallin, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff
This study is part of the Promoting Aging Migrants' Capabilities programme that applied person-centred group meetings and one individual home visit to prolong independence in daily activities among people ≥70 years who had migrated to Sweden from Finland or the Western Balkan region. With the purpose to understand programme outcomes, the study aimed to explore the participants' everyday experiences of using health-promoting messages exchanged during the programme. Using a grounded theory approach, 12 persons aged 70-83 years were interviewed six months to one year after their participation in the programme...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637576/antimicrobial-use-and-resistance-in-australia-aura-surveillance-system-coordinating-national-data-on-antimicrobial-use-and-resistance-for-australia
#14
John D Turnidge, Kathy T Meleady
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe the process of establishment and coordination of the national Antimicrobial Use and Resistance in Australia (AURA) surveillance system.Methods Existing surveillance programs conducted by health organisations at state or multi-jurisdictional levels were reviewed, and gaps and opportunities identified for the development of a national system. In view of the time frame available as part of the Australian Government Department of Health funding agreement, the strategy used by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care was to commence work with existing surveillance programs, expanding and enhancing them and developing new systems where gaps were identified...
June 22, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634579/precision-in-setting-cancer-prevention-priorities-synthesis-of-data-literature-and-expert-opinion
#15
Jennifer Girschik, Laura Jean Miller, Tony Addiscott, Mike Daube, Paul Katris, David Ransom, Terry Slevin, Tim Threlfall, Tarun Stephen Weeramanthri
Cancer will continue to be a leading cause of ill health and death unless we can capitalize on the potential for 30-40% of these cancers to be prevented. In this light, cancer prevention represents an enormous opportunity for public health, potentially saving much of the pain, anguish, and cost associated with treating cancer. However, there is a challenge for governments, and the wider community, in prioritizing cancer prevention activities, especially given increasing financial constraints. This paper describes a method for identifying cancer prevention priorities...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622406/building-bridges-to-address-health-disparities-in-puerto-rico-the-salud-para-pi%C3%A3-ones-project
#16
Enid J García-Rivera, Princess Pacheco, Marielis Colón, Mary Helen Mays, Maricruz Rivera, Verónica Munet-Díaz, María Del R González, María Rodríguez, Rebecca Rodríguez, Astrid Morales
Over the past several decades, Puerto Ricans have faced increased health threats from chronic diseases, particularly diabetes and hypertension. The patient-provider relationship is the main platform for individual disease management, whereas the community, as an agent of change for the community's health status, has been limited in its support of individual health. Likewise, traditional research approaches within communities have placed academic researchers at the center of the process, considering their knowledge was of greater value than that of the community...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615990/the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-translating-best-practice-immunisation-strategies-among-low-performing-general-practices-to-reduce-equity-gaps-in-childhood-immunisation-coverage-in-new-zealand
#17
Nikki M Turner, Nadia A Charania, Angela Chong, Joanna Stewart, Lynn Taylor
BACKGROUND: Immunisation coverage rates vary considerably at the local level across New Zealand and challenges remain with effectively translating best available research evidence into public health practice. This study aimed to translate best practices from high performing general practices into strategies to improve childhood immunisation coverage among low performing practices. METHODS: An intervention study was undertaken of general practices with low immunisation coverage rates and a high percentage of the enrolled population being of Māori ethnicity...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614513/primary-care-and-collaborative-care-in-children-and-adolescents-psychosocial-interventions-facilitators-and-barriers
#18
Melissa Ribeiro Teixeira, Maria Cristina Ventura Couto, Pedro Gabriel Godinho Delgado
Considering the care gap in child and youth psychosocial care, the articulation of the intra-sectoral network is an important strategy to promote less fragmented care flows. The study analyzes facilitators and obstacles to collaborative care between the Family Health Strategy (ESF) and a Child and Youth Psychosocial Care Center (CAPSi) in Rio de Janeiro/RJ. This is an exploratory study with a qualitative approach, which main methodological tools were focus and intervention groups. From the proposed thematic axes, we identified that the perception of child and adolescent mental health problems by ESF workers was named by the behavioral changes located in a context of vulnerability...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605849/a-next-generation-sequencing-approach-with-a-suitable-bioinformatics-workflow-to-study-fungal-diversity-in-bioaerosols-released-from-two-different-types-of-composting-plants
#19
Hamza Mbareche, Marc Veillette, Laetitia Bonifait, Marie-Eve Dubuis, Yves Benard, Geneviève Marchand, Guillaume J Bilodeau, Caroline Duchaine
Composting is used all over the world to transform different types of organic matter through the actions of complex microbial communities. Moving and handling composting material may lead to the emission of high concentrations of bioaerosols. High exposure levels are associated with adverse health effects among compost industry workers. Fungal spores are suspected to play a role in many respiratory illnesses. There is a paucity of information related to the detailed fungal diversity in compost as well as in the aerosols emitted through composting activities...
June 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596148/the-second-victim-phenomenon-after-a-clinical-error-the-design-and-evaluation-of-a-website-to-reduce-caregivers-emotional-responses-after-a-clinical-error
#20
José Joaquín Mira, Irene Carrillo, Mercedes Guilabert, Susana Lorenzo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Carmen Silvestre, Lena Ferrús
BACKGROUND: Adverse events (incidents that harm a patient) can also produce emotional hardship for the professionals involved (second victims). Although a few international pioneering programs exist that aim to facilitate the recovery of the second victim, there are no known initiatives that aim to raise awareness in the professional community about this issue and prevent the situation from worsening. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to design and evaluate an online program directed at frontline hospital and primary care health professionals that raises awareness and provides information about the second victim phenomenon...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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