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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051135/a-transmedia-storytelling-intervention-with-interactive-elements-to-benefit-latinas-mental-health-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy
#1
MarySue V Heilemann, Patricia D Soderlund, Priscilla Kehoe, Mary-Lynn Brecht
BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher rates of depression and anxiety than US whites but are less likely to receive care. Transmedia storytelling interventions accessible on the Internet via smartphones, tablets, and computers hold promise for reducing reluctance to explore or get help for symptoms because they are private, convenient, and can reach large numbers of people, including Latinas with mental health needs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a mental health transmedia intervention for Latinas with elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#2
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044369/law-as-a-fixture-between-the-one-health-interfaces-of-emerging-diseases
#3
Alexandra L Phelan, Lawrence O Gostin
A One Health approach calls for multisectoral and multi-institutional cooperation and partnership across the interfaces of human, animal and ecosystem health risks. Without strong governance, these interfaces risk detaching, leaving gaps in capacities to prevent, detect and respond to emerging and persisting public health threats. As a crucial component of governance, law can act as the fixture between interfaces. We examine some of the many forms and foci of law and propose that the process of law-making, implementation and evaluation can provide a benefit for strengthening law as a fixture between One Health interfaces...
June 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038184/optimising-the-quality-of-antibiotic-prescribing-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-in-belgium-a-study-protocol-for-an-action-research-project
#4
Annelies Colliers, Samuel Coenen, Hilde Philips, Roy Remmen, Sibyl Anthierens
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance is a major public health threat driven by inappropriate antibiotic use, mainly in general practice and for respiratory tract infections. In Belgium, the quality of general practitioners' (GPs) antibiotic prescribing is low. To improve antibiotic use, we need a better understanding of this quality problem and corresponding interventions. A general practitioners cooperative (GPC) for out-of-hours (OOH) care presents a unique opportunity to reach a large group of GPs and work on quality improvement...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025818/mental-health-and-addictions-capacity-building-for-community-health-centres-in-ontario
#5
Akwatu Khenti, Fiona C Thomas, Sirad Mohamoud, Pablo Diaz, Oriana Vaccarino, Kate Dunbar, Jaime C Sapag
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: In recent years, there has been increased recognition in Canada of the need to strengthen mental health services in primary health care (PHC). Collaborative models, including partnerships between PHC and specialized mental health care providers, have emerged as effective ways for improving access to mental health care and strengthening clinical capacity. Primary health care physicians and other health professionals are well positioned to facilitate the early detection of mental disorders and provide appropriate treatment and follow-up care, helping to tackle stigma toward mental health problems in the process...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024780/toxicogenomics-of-the-flame-retardant-tris-2-butoxyethyl-phosphate-in-hepg2-cells-using-rna-seq
#6
Boris V Krivoshiev, Gerrit T S Beemster, Katrien Sprangers, Bart Cuypers, Kris Laukens, Ronny Blust, Steven J Husson
Tris (2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) is a compound produced at high volume that is used as both a flame retardant and a plasticizer. It is persistent and bioaccumulative, yet little is known of its toxicological modes of action. Such insight may aid risk assessment in a weight-of-evidence approach supplementing current testing strategies. We used an RNA sequencing approach as an unbiased and sensitive tool to explore potential negative health effects of sub-cytotoxic concentrations of TBOEP on the transcriptome of the human liver hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, HepG2, with the lowest concentration used potentially holding relevance to human physiological levels...
October 9, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024515/health-behavior-change-in-older-adults-testing-the-health-action-process-approach-at-the-inter-and-intraindividual-level
#7
Walter Bierbauer, Jennifer Inauen, Sabine Schaefer, Maike Margarethe Kleemeyer, Janina Lüscher, Claudia König, Robert Tobias, Matthias Kliegel, Andreas Ihle, Lukas Zimmerli, Barbara M Holzer, Klarissa Siebenhuener, Edouard Battegay, Christian Schmied, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Health behavior change theories usually claim to be universally and individually applicable. Most research has tested behavior change theories at the interindividual level and within young-to-middle-aged populations. However, associations at the interindividual level can differ substantially from associations at the intraindividual level. This study examines the applicability of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) at the inter- and the intraindividual level among older adults...
October 12, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020385/a-process-evaluation-of-the-aware-and-supportive-communities-gambling-harm-minimisation-programmes-in-new-zealand
#8
Komathi Kolandai-Matchett, Maria Bellringer, Jason Landon, Max Abbott
Background: The Gambling Act 2003 mandated a public health strategy for preventing and minimising gambling harm in New Zealand . Aware Communities and Supportive Communities are two public health programmes subsequently implemented nationwide. These programmes differed from common health promotion initiatives such as media or education campaigns as they were community-action based (requiring community involvement in programme planning and delivery). We carried out a process evaluation to determine their implementation effectiveness and inform improvement and future programme planning...
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993391/evaluating-a-novel-integrated-community-of-care-icoc-for-patients-from-an-urbanised-low-income-community-in-singapore-using-the-participatory-action-research-par-methodology-a-study-protocol
#9
Lian Leng Low, Adlina Maulod, Kheng Hock Lee
INTRODUCTION: Poorer health outcomes and disproportionate healthcare use in socioeconomically disadvantaged patients is well established. However, there is sparse literature on effective integrated care interventions that specifically target these high-risk individuals. The Integrated Community of Care (ICoC) is a novel care model that integrates hospital-based transitional care with health and social care in the community for high-risk individuals living in socially deprived communities...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991164/differential-expression-profile-of-lncrnas-from-primary-human-hepatocytes-following-deet-and-fipronil-exposure
#10
Robert D Mitchell Iii, Andrew D Wallace, Ernest Hodgson, R Michael Roe
While the synthesis and use of new chemical compounds is at an all-time high, the study of their potential impact on human health is quickly falling behind, and new methods are needed to assess their impact. We chose to examine the effects of two common environmental chemicals, the insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) and the insecticide fluocyanobenpyrazole (fipronil), on transcript levels of long non-protein coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in primary human hepatocytes using a global RNA-Seq approach. While lncRNAs are believed to play a critical role in numerous important biological processes, many still remain uncharacterized, and their functions and modes of action remain largely unclear, especially in relation to environmental chemicals...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977275/-continuing-education-and-matrix-support-training-experience-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-centers-for-the-support-of-family-health-and-the-supported-teams
#11
José Patrício Bispo, Diane Costa Moreira
: This study aimed to understand and analyze how processes of continuing education are experienced by professionals in the Centers for the Support of Family Health (NASF) and family health teams. The aim was also to understand how matrix support as a strategy for continuing education was incorporated into the work of these professionals. This was a multiple case study with a qualitative approach in six municipalities in southeast Bahia State, Brazil, which had type-I NASF. Semi-structured interviews were held with 43 NASF professionals and 40 with physicians and nurses from the supported teams...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977222/weaving-the-west-psychosocial-care-network-of-the-municipality-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#12
Maria do Perpétuo Socorro de Sousa Nóbrega, Alessandra Matheus Domingos, Ana Stella de Azevedo Silveira, Jussara Carvalho Dos Santos
Objective: to understand how health service professionals involved in the care of users in psychic distress perceive the organization of the Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS - Rede de Atenção Psicossocial) in the western region of the city of São Paulo. Method: qualitative approach study conducted with 123 professionals with higher education who work in the care points of the network. A semi-structured interview was performed and data were submitted to the Alceste program for lexical analysis...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969766/comprehensive-auditing-in-nuclear-medicine-through-the-international-atomic-energy-agency-quality-management-audits-in-nuclear-medicine-quanum-program-part-1-the-quanum-program-and-methodology
#13
REVIEW
Maurizio Dondi, Leonel Torres, Mario Marengo, Teresa Massardo, Eyal Mishani, Annare Van Zyl Ellmann, Kishor Solanki, Angelika Bischof Delaloye, Enrique Estrada Lobato, Rodolfo Nunez Miller, Diana Paez, Thomas Pascual
An effective management system that integrates quality management is essential for a modern nuclear medicine practice. The Nuclear Medicine and Diagnostic Imaging Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has the mission of supporting nuclear medicine practice in low- and middle-income countries and of helping them introduce it in their health-care system, when not yet present. The experience gathered over several years has shown diversified levels of development and varying degrees of quality of practice, among others because of limited professional networking and limited or no opportunities for exchange of experiences...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963171/implementing-maternal-death-surveillance-and-response-in-kenya-incremental-progress-and-lessons-learned
#14
Helen Smith, Charles Ameh, Pamela Godia, Judith Maua, Kigen Bartilol, Patrick Amoth, Matthews Mathai, Nynke van den Broek
Maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR) constitutes a quality improvement approach to identify how many maternal deaths occur, what the underlying causes of death and associated factors are, and how to implement actions to reduce the number of preventable stillbirths and maternal and neonatal deaths. This requires a coordinated approach, ensuring both national- and district-level stakeholders are enabled and supported and can implement MDSR in a "no name, no blame" environment. This field action report from Kenya provides an example of how MDSR can be implemented in a "real-life" setting by summarizing the experiences and challenges faced thus far by maternal death assessors and Ministry of Health representatives in implementing MDSR...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958579/-needs-assessment-to-improve-the-applicability-and-methodological-quality-of-a-german-s3-guideline
#15
Marion Burckhardt, Cristina Hoffmann, Brigitte Nink-Grebe, Sylvia Sänger
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines can change the practice in healthcare only if their recommendations are implemented in a comprehensive way. The German S3 guideline "Local Therapy of Chronic Wounds in Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease, Chronic Venous Insufficiency, and Diabetes" will be updated in 2017. The emphasis here is on the guideline's validity, user-friendliness and implementation into practice. Therefore, the aim was to identify the improvements required in regard to the guideline's methods and content presentation...
September 25, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951823/interrogating-islets-in-health-and-disease-with-single-cell-technologies
#16
REVIEW
Andrea C Carrano, Francesca Mulas, Chun Zeng, Maike Sander
BACKGROUND: Blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by the coordinated actions of hormone-producing endocrine cells that reside in pancreatic islets. Islet cell malfunction underlies diabetes development and progression. Due to the cellular heterogeneity within islets, it has been challenging to uncover how specific islet cells contribute to glucose homeostasis and diabetes pathogenesis. Recent advances in single-cell technologies and computational methods have opened up new avenues to resolve islet heterogeneity and study islet cell states in health and disease...
September 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951164/the-orbitofrontal-cortex-and-emotion-in-health-and-disease-including-depression
#17
Edmund T Rolls
The orbitofrontal cortex represents the reward or affective value of primary reinforcers including taste, touch, texture, and face expression. It learns to associate other stimuli with these to produce representations of the expected reward value for visual, auditory, and abstract stimuli including monetary reward value. The orbitofrontal cortex thus plays a key role in emotion, by representing the reward value of the goals for action. The learning process is stimulus-reinforcer association learning. Negative reward prediction error neurons are related to this affective learning...
September 24, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950893/neglected-tropical-diseases-exploring-long-term-practical-approaches-to-achieve-sustainable-disease-elimination-and-beyond
#18
Giuseppina Ortu, Oliver Williams
BACKGROUND: Remarkable progress has been made in the fight against neglected tropical diseases, but new challenges have emerged. Innovative diagnostics, better drugs and new insecticides are often identified as the priority; however, access to these new tools may not be sufficient to achieve and sustain disease elimination, if certain challenges and priorities are not considered. MAIN BODY: The authors summarise key operational challenges, and based on these, identify two major priorities: strengthening the capacity of the primary health care health system in correctly diagnosing and managing neglected tropical diseases; and establishing an effective disease surveillance process...
September 27, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948662/improving-performances-of-the-knee-replacement-surgery-process-by-applying-dmaic-principles
#19
Giovanni Improta, Giovanni Balato, Maria Romano, Alfonso Maria Ponsiglione, Eliana Raiola, Mario Alessandro Russo, Patrizia Cuccaro, Liberatina Carmela Santillo, Mario Cesarelli
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The work is a part of a project about the application of the Lean Six Sigma to improve health care processes. A previously published work regarding the hip replacement surgery has shown promising results. Here, we propose an application of the DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyse, Improve, and Control) cycle to improve quality and reduce costs related to the prosthetic knee replacement surgery by decreasing patients' length of hospital stay (LOS) METHODS: The DMAIC cycle has been adopted to decrease the patients' LOS...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936423/development-and-evaluation-of-a-wheelchair-service-provision-training-of-trainers-programme
#20
Sara Munera, Mary Goldberg, Krithika Kandavel, Jonathan Pearlman
BACKGROUND: In many countries, availability of basic training and continued professional development programmes in wheelchair services is limited. Therefore, many health professionals lack access to formal training opportunities and new approaches to improve wheelchair service provision. To address this need, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the WHO Wheelchair Service Training of Trainers Programme (WSTPt), aiming to increase the number of trainers who are well prepared to deliver the WHO Wheelchair Service Training Packages...
2017: Afr J Disabil
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