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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684128/understanding-australian-policies-on-public-health-using-social-and-political-science-theories-reflections-from-an-academy-of-the-social-sciences-in-australia-workshop
#1
Fran Baum, Adam Graycar, Toni Delany-Crowe, Evelyne de Leeuw, Carol Bacchi, Jennie Popay, Lionel Orchard, Hal Colebatch, Sharon Friel, Colin MacDougall, Elizabeth Harris, Angela Lawless, Dennis McDermott, Matthew Fisher, Patrick Harris, Clare Phillips, Jane Fitzgerald
There is strong, and growing, evidence documenting health inequities across the world. However, most governments do not prioritize policies to encourage action on the social determinants of health and health equity. Furthermore, despite evidence concerning the benefits of joined-up, intersectoral policy to promote health and health equity, it is rare for such policy approaches to be applied systematically. To examine the usefulness of political and social science theory in understanding the reasons for this disjuncture between evidence and practice, researchers and public servants gathered in Adelaide for an Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) Workshop...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683726/shaping-core-health-messages-rural-low-income-mothers-speak-through-participatory-action-research
#2
Sheila Mammen, Yoshie Sano, Bonnie Braun, Elisabeth Fost Maring
Rural, low-income families are disproportionately impacted by health problems owing to structural barriers (e.g., transportation, health insurance coverage) and personal barriers (e.g., health literacy). This paper presents a Participatory Action Research (PAR) model of co-created Core Health Messages (CHMs) in the areas of dental health, food security, health insurance, and physical activity. The research project engaged a multi-disciplinary team of experts to design initial health messages; rural, low-income mothers to respond to, and co-create, health messages; and stakeholders who work with families to share their insights...
April 23, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679402/person-centred-leadership-a-relational-approach-to-leadership-derived-through-action-research
#3
Shaun Cardiff, Brendan McCormack, Tanya McCance
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: How does person-centred leadership manifest in clinical nursing. BACKGROUND: Person-centred practice fosters healthful relationships and is gaining increasing attention in nursing and healthcare, but nothing is known about the influence of a person-centred approach to leadership practice. Most leadership models used in nursing were originally developed outside of nursing. DESIGN: A three year participatory action research study where participant leaders planned, researched and learned from their practice development...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#4
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673337/communities-in-charge-of-alcohol-cica-a-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-control-trial-of-an-alcohol-health-champions-programme
#5
Penny A Cook, Suzy C Hargreaves, Elizabeth J Burns, Frank de Vocht, Steve Parrott, Margaret Coffey, Suzanne Audrey, Cathy Ure, Paul Duffy, David Ottiwell, Kiran Kenth, Susan Hare, Kate Ardern
BACKGROUND: Communities In Charge of Alcohol (CICA) takes an Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) approach to reducing alcohol harm. Through a cascade training model, supported by a designated local co-ordinator, local volunteers are trained to become accredited 'Alcohol Health Champions' to provide brief opportunistic advice at an individual level and mobilise action on alcohol availability at a community level. The CICA programme is the first time that a devolved UK region has attempted to coordinate an approach to building health champion capacity, presenting an opportunity to investigate its implementation and impact at scale...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660564/closing-the-gap-a-whole-of-school-approach-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-inclusivity-in-higher-education
#6
Amanda C Fowler, Beverley Ewens, Caroline Vafeas, Leitha Delves, Colleen Hayward, Noel Nannup, Gwen Baum
The recruitment and retention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurses and midwives is key to the delivery of culturally appropriate health care and improving the health outcomes of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. A working group to address inclusion and engagement of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students at a West Australian University has impacted on the curricula, faculty staff and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students within the School of Nursing and Midwifery. The University's Reconciliation Action Plan was the foundation and catalysed the group to promote cultural safety education for staff and provide inclusive activities for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students...
April 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652047/-physical-therapy-of-psoriasis-the-modern-methodological-approaches
#7
I S Evstigneeva, A G Kulikov, O V Yarustovskaya, A S Shakhova, M G Lutoshkina
This article describes the modern approaches to the application of physical factors for the treatment of various forms of psoriasis taking into consideration the severity of clinical manifestations and the phase of the disease, the extent of disturbances of the functional state of different organs. The principles of prescription of physiotherapeutictreatmnt are formulated taking account of the stages and forms of the disease. Special attention is paid to the high therapeutic effectiveness of ultraviolet irradiation of the skin including narrow-band UVВ (311 nm) as well as to photodynamic therapy (PUVA), intravenous laser irradiation of blood, and ozone therapy...
April 9, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649374/precision-therapy-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
P J Polverini, N J D'Silva, Y L Lei
Precision medicine is an approach to disease prevention and treatment that takes into account genetic variability and environmental and lifestyle influences that are unique to each patient. It facilitates stratification of patient populations that vary in their susceptibility to disease and response to therapy. Shared databases and the implementation of new technology systems designed to advance the integration of this information will enable health care providers to more accurately predict and customize prevention and treatment strategies for patients...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642906/ethical-learning-on-international-medical-electives-a-case-based-analysis-of-medical-student-learning-experiences
#9
Gemma Bowsher, Laura Parry-Billings, Anna Georgeson, Paula Baraitser
BACKGROUND: Students on international medical electives face complex ethical issues when undertaking clinical work. The variety of elective destinations and the culturally specific nature of clinical ethical issues suggest that pre-elective preparation could be supplemented by in-elective support. METHODS: An online, asynchronous, case-based discussion was piloted to support ethical learning on medical student electives. We developed six scenarios from elective diaries to stimulate peer-facilitated discussions during electives...
April 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629841/self-efficacy-and-planning-strategies-can-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-women-with-a-recent-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
April 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628018/barriers-and-facilitators-affecting-the-implementation-of-substance-use-screening-in-primary-care-clinics-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-providers-and-staff
#11
Jennifer McNeely, Pritika C Kumar, Traci Rieckmann, Erica Sedlander, Sarah Farkas, Christine Chollak, Joseph L Kannry, Aida Vega, Eva A Waite, Lauren A Peccoralo, Richard N Rosenthal, Dennis McCarty, John Rotrosen
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug use are leading causes of morbidity and mortality that frequently go unidentified in medical settings. As part of a multi-phase study to implement electronic health record-integrated substance use screening in primary care clinics, we interviewed key clinical stakeholders to identify current substance use screening practices, barriers to screening, and recommendations for its implementation. METHODS: Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted with 67 stakeholders, including patients, primary care providers (faculty and resident physicians), nurses, and medical assistants, in two urban academic health systems...
April 9, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627761/following-the-patient-s-orders-recommending-vs-offering-choice-in-neurology-outpatient-consultations
#12
Paul Chappell, Merran Toerien, Clare Jackson, Markus Reuber
The UK's Royal College of Surgeons (2016) has argued that health professionals must replace a 'paternalistic' approach to consent with 'informed choice'. We engage with these guidelines through analysis of neurology consultations in two UK-based neuroscience centres, where informed choice has been advocated for over a decade. Based on 223 recorded consultations and related questionnaire data (collected in 2012), we used conversation analysis (CA) to identify two practices for offering choice: patient view elicitors (PVEs) and option-lists...
March 26, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625600/implementing-paediatric-early-warning-scores-systems-in-the-netherlands-future-implications
#13
J F de Groot, N Damen, E de Loos, L van de Steeg, L Koopmans, P Rosias, M Bruijn, J Goorhuis, C Wagner
BACKGROUND: Paediatric Early Warning Scores (PEWS) are increasingly being used for early identification and management of clinical deterioration in paediatric patients. A PEWS system includes scores, cut-off points and appropriate early intervention. In 2011, The Dutch Ministry of Health advised hospitals to implement a PEWS system in order to improve patient safety in paediatric wards. The objective of this study was to examine the results of implementation of PEWS systems and to gain insight into the attitudes of professionals towards using a PEWS system in Dutch non-university hospitals...
April 6, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616450/implementation-of-urban-health-equity-assessment-and-response-tool-a-case-of-matsapha-swaziland
#14
Kevin Makadzange, Zamahlubi Radebe, Nokuthula Maseko, Voyivoyi Lukhele, Sabelo Masuku, Gciniwe Fakudze, Tigest Ketsela Mengestu, Amit Prasad
Equity in health implies that ideally everyone could attain their full health potential and that no one should be disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of their social position or other socially determined circumstances. Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable contributes towards ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages in dignity, equality and in a healthy environment. This paper illustrates a case of applying the Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (Urban HEART) in a small town in Africa...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616208/genomic-and-bioinformatics-approaches-for-analysis-of-genes-associated-with-cancer-risks-following-exposure-to-tobacco-smoking
#15
REVIEW
Mohammed A I Al-Obaide, Buthainah A Ibrahim, Saif Al-Humaish, Abdel-Salam G Abdel-Salam
Cancer is a significant health problem in the Middle East and global population. It is well established that there is a direct link between tobacco smoking and cancer, which will continue to pose a significant threat to human health. The impact of long-term exposure to tobacco smoke on the risk of cancer encouraged the study of biomarkers for vulnerable individuals to tobacco smoking, especially children, who are more susceptible than adults to the action of environmental carcinogens. The carcinogens in tobacco smoke condensate induce DNA damage and play a significant role in determining the health and well-being of smokers, non-smoker, and primarily children...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615790/multivariate-granger-causality-unveils-directed-parietal-to-prefrontal-cortex-connectivity-during-task-free-mri
#16
Andrea Duggento, Luca Passamonti, Gaetano Valenza, Riccardo Barbieri, Maria Guerrisi, Nicola Toschi
While a large body of research has focused on the study of functional brain "connectivity", few investigators have focused on directionality of brain-brain interactions which, in spite of the mostly bidirectional anatomical substrates, cannot be assumed to be symmetrical. We employ a multivariate Granger Causality-based approach to estimating directed in-network interactions and quantify its advantages using extensive realistic synthetic BOLD data simulations to match Human Connectome Project (HCP) data specification...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608390/strategies-implemented-to-address-vaccine-hesitancy-in-france-a-review-article
#17
Cécile Fokoun
Vaccination has been identified many decades ago as an effective means to prevent several diseases. However, in France, there is an emergence of vaccine hesitancy, that has caused a reduction of vaccination coverage rates. This issue reduces the effectiveness of the immunization process, and represents a real threat to public health that should be urgently addressed. The purpose of this review is to present actions that have been taken to fight against vaccine hesitancy and thus enhance vaccine uptake. The results indicate that different strategies have been proposed to reach this goal, mainly by vaccination campaigns...
April 2, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604374/insulin-delivery-systems-combined-with-microneedle-technology
#18
Xuan Jin, Dan Dan Zhu, Bo Zhi Chen, Mohammad Ashfaq, Xin Dong Guo
Diabetes, a metabolic disorder of glucose, is a serious chronic disease and an important public health problem. Insulin is one of the hormones for modulating blood glucose level and the products of which is indispensable for most diabetes patients. Introducing microneedles (MNs) to insulin delivery is promising to pave the way for modulating glucose level noninvasively of diabetes patients, as which born to be painless, easy to handle and no need of any power supply. In this work, we review the process of insulin delivery systems (IDSs) based on MN technology in terms of two categories: drug free MNs and drug loaded MNs...
March 28, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602256/exploring-governance-for-a-one-health-collaboration-for-leptospirosis-prevention-and-control-in-fiji-stakeholder-perceptions-evidence-and-processes
#19
Anna McPherson, Peter S Hill, Mike Kama, Simon Reid
Fiji has a high burden of leptospirosis, with endemic infection and epidemic outbreaks with high mortality, often associated with flooding and cyclones. As a zoonosis, leptospirosis control requires interventions in sectors beyond the usual control of health-in Fiji, the dairy and sugar industries, and water and sanitation and rodent control in communities. This paper presents the findings of qualitative research to inform policy around governance for a One Health multisectoral approach to leptospirosis control...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600243/reflections-of-homeless-women-and-women-with-mental-health-challenges-on-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-decisions-power-trust-and-communication-with-care-providers
#20
Catherine Claire Moravac
This study conducted in Toronto, Canada, explored the perceptions of women living in homeless shelters and women with severe mental health challenges about the factors influencing their decision-making processes regarding breast and cervical cancer screening. Twenty-six in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted. The objectives of this research were (i) to provide new insights about women's decision-making processes, (ii) to describe the barriers to and facilitators for breast and cervical cancer screening, and (iii) to offer recommendations for future outreach, education, and screening initiatives developed specifically for under/never-screened marginalized women living in urban centers...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
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