keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sport-related concussion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054540/do-sport-related-concussions-result-in-long-term-cognitive-impairment-a-review-of-event-related-potential-research
#1
Christopher J Brush, Peter J Ehmann, Ryan L Olson, Walter R Bixby, Brandon L Alderman
Sport-related concussions have become a major public health concern although the long-term effects on cognitive function remain largely unknown. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are ideal for studying the long-term impact of sport-related concussions, as they have excellent temporal precision and provide insight that cannot be obtained from behavioral or neuropsychological measures alone. We reviewed all available published studies that have used stimulus or response-locked ERPs to document cognitive control processes in individuals with a history of concussion...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053602/an-objective-balance-error-scoring-system-for-sideline-concussion-evaluation-using-duplex-kinect-sensors
#2
Mengqi Zhu, Zhonghua Huang, Chao Ma, Yinlin Li
Sports-related concussion is a common sports injury that might induce potential long-term consequences without early diagnosis and intervention in the field. However, there are few options of such sensor systems available. The aim of the study is to propose and validate an automated concussion administration and scoring approach, which is objective, affordable and capable of detecting all balance errors required by the balance error scoring system (BESS) protocol in the field condition. Our approach is first to capture human body skeleton positions using two Microsoft Kinect sensors in the proposed configuration and merge the data by a custom-made algorithm to remove the self-occlusion of limbs...
October 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048967/new-and-recurrent-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-before-and-after-traumatic-brain-injury-laws-2005-2016
#3
Jingzhen Yang, R Dawn Comstock, Honggang Yi, Hosea H Harvey, Pengcheng Xun
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trends of new and recurrent sports-related concussions in high-school athletes before and after youth sports traumatic brain injury laws. METHODS: We used an interrupted time-series design and analyzed the concussion data (2005-2016) from High School Reporting Injury Online. We examined the trends of new or recurrent concussion rates among US representative high-school athletes participating in 9 sports across prelaw, immediate-postlaw, and postlaw periods by using general linear models...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035978/use-of-blood-biomarkers-in-the-assessment-of-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review-in-the-context-of-their-biological-significance
#4
Brendan OʼConnell, Áine M Kelly, David Mockler, Matej Orešič, Karl Denvir, Garreth Farrell, Damir Janigro, Fiona Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To critically review current knowledge on the positive and negative predictive value of blood biomarkers for concussion; to illustrate the clinical and biological contexts that help evaluate the use of these markers in sport-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). METHODS: This systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. We reviewed the measurement, clinical utility, endpoint, and biological significance of blood biomarkers in concussion...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030453/gaba-alterations-in-pediatric-sport-concussion
#5
Seth D Friedman, Andrew V Poliakov, Christopher Budech, Dennis W W Shaw, David Breiger, Thomas Jinguji, Brian Krabak, David Coppel, Tressa Mattioli Lewis, Samuel Browd, Jeffrey G Ojemann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether frontal-lobe magnetic resonance spectroscopy measures of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) would be altered in a sample of adolescents scanned after sport concussion because mild traumatic brain injury is often associated with working memory problems. METHODS: Eleven adolescents (age 14-17 years) who had sustained a first-time sport concussion were studied with MRI/magnetic resonance spectroscopy within 23 to 44 days after injury (mean 30...
October 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024682/history-of-concussion-impacts-electrophysiological-correlates-of-working-memory
#6
Caitlin M Hudac, Cathryn S Cortesa, Patrick S Ledwidge, Dennis L Molfese
Sports-related concussions occur in approximately 21% of college athletes with implications for long-term cognitive impairments in working memory. Working memory involves the capacity to maintain short-term information and integrate with higher-order cognitive processing for planning and behavior execution, critical skills for optimal cognitive and athletic performance. This study quantified working memory impairments in 36 American football college athletes (18-23years old) using event-related potentials (ERPs)...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023272/sensitivity-of-the-cogstate-test-battery-for-detecting-prolonged-cognitive-alterations-stemming-from-sport-related-concussions
#7
Veronik Sicard, Robert D Moore, Dave Ellemberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Cogstate test battery contains the requisite sensitivity to detect prolonged cognitive alterations. METHODS: One hundred twenty collegiate athletes (71 with a history of concussion; 49 controls) completed the Cogstate test battery, to which we added a 2-back condition. In addition to the Cogstate clinical (transformed variables), we analyzed the raw data. RESULTS: The clinical variables failed to reveal any group differences...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989074/safety-of-active-rehabilitation-for-persistent-symptoms-after-pediatric-sport-related-concussion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Catherine Chan, Grant L Iverson, Jacqueline Purtzki, Kathy Wong, Vivian Kwan, Isabelle Gagnon, Noah D Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety and tolerability of an active rehabilitation program for adolescents who are slow to recover from a sport-related concussion. A secondary objective was to estimate the treatment effect for this intervention. DESIGN: Single-site parallel open-label randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU plus active rehabilitation. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 12-18 with postconcussion symptoms lasting >1 month after a sports-related concussion...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975240/research-gaps-and-controversies-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Steven T DeKosky, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
Importance: Scientific and lay interest in negative outcomes associated with exposure to repetitive brain trauma (RBT) continues to strengthen. Concerns about the association between RBT and dementia began more than a century ago, but have resurfaced in the last decade with the more recently described chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a tauopathy associated with RBT that has become inextricably linked to conversations about sport-related concussion and mild traumatic brain injury...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973180/first-time-sports-related-concussion-recovery-the-role-of-sex-age-and-sport
#10
John M Neidecker, David B Gealt, John R Luksch, Martin D Weaver
Background: Concussion is one of the most common injuries in athletes. Current concussion consensus statements propose that female sex may be a modifying factor in concussion management and recovery. Objective: To determine whether female athletes in middle school and high school with a first-time, sports-related concussion remained symptomatic longer than their male counterparts. Methods: A retrospective medical record analysis was performed among athletes who sustained a concussion between 2011 and 2013...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972405/staying-in-the-game-a-pilot-study-examining-the-efficacy-of-protective-headgear-in-an-animal-model-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi
#11
Sydney Candy, Irene Ma, Jill M McMahon, Michael Farrell, Richelle Mychasiuk
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Rugby is one of the few contact sports that do not mandate protective headgear, possibly because studies have shown poor efficacy for protection related to concussion pathology with existing headguards. RESEARCH DESIGN: Following innovative material technology utilization to produce headgear believed to have protective capabilities, this study examined the effects of a soft-shell headgear constructed from a novel viscoelastic material, on both behaviour and serum biomarkers after high and average impact force mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI)...
October 3, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967326/cerebral-blood-flow-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-associations-between-symptoms-and-post-injury-perfusion
#12
Jaclyn A Stephens, Peiying Liu, Hanzang Lu, Stacy J Suskauer
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) has emerged as a technique for assessing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), as it can non-invasively evaluate cerebrovascular physiology. To date, there is substantial variability in methodology and findings of ASL studies of mTBI. While both increased and decreased perfusion are reported after mTBI, more consistency is emerging when perfusion is examined with regard to symptomology. We evaluated 15 teenage athletes 2 and 6 weeks after sports-related concussion (SRC group) using pseudo-continuous ASL...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961710/the-age-variable-in-childhood-concussion-management-a-systematic-review
#13
Rosemarie Scolaro Moser, Gavin A Davis, Philip Schatz
Background: Sports-related concussion in young children has become a significant international public health issue. This paper reviews the research literature in an effort to shed light on the question, "At what age should young children be managed differently than adults or older adolescents?" Method: A systematic review, registered with PROSPERO and using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted rendering 37 sports concussion original research studies that examined age as a variable (5-18 years), and which met specific inclusion/exclusion criteria...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958714/the-spectrum-of-pediatric-injuries-sustained-in-snow-sports
#14
Zara Summers, Warwick J Teague, John M Hutson, Cameron S Palmer, Helen E Jowett, Sebastian K King
BACKGROUND: Snow sports are popular among children but carry the potential for significant injury. Head injuries are less common than fractures and sprains but may be fatal. Helmets are recommended for all snow sports, and yet their effectiveness remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the spectrum of injuries sustained at three large alpine resorts and to assess the effect of helmet usage on injury severity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected pediatric trauma data (2005-2015) from the three largest alpine resorts in our state...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942673/concussion-nondisclosure-during-professional-career-among-a-cohort-of-former-national-football-league-athletes
#15
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Melissa C Kay, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Despite a focus on the incidence and effects of concussion, nondisclosure of sports-related concussions among retired players from the National Football League (NFL) has yet to be examined. PURPOSE: Examine the prevalence of and factors associated with nondisclosure of sports-related concussions in former NFL athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A sample of 829 former NFL players completed a general health survey...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939003/factors-associated-with-post-concussion-syndrome-in-high-school-student-athletes
#16
Zachary Y Kerr, Scott L Zuckerman, Erin W Wasserman, Christina B Vander Vegt, Aaron Yengo-Kahn, Thomas A Buckley, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills, Thomas P Dompier
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with post-concussion syndrome (PCS) among a national sample of high school student-athletes from the 2011/12-2013/14 academic years. DESIGN: Ambispective cohort study from sports injury surveillance data. METHODS: Sport-related concussion data originated from the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) surveillance program, consisting of 27 sports from a convenience sample of 196 high schools across 26 states...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937789/identifying-dyslexia-risk-in-student-athletes-a-preliminary-protocol-for-concussion-management
#17
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
Learning disability (LD) has been identified as a potential risk factor for protracted recovery from a sport-related concussion, yet students with LD are rarely included in concussion research. Here, we draw special attention to dyslexia, a common but often underdiagnosed LD. Reading and learning problems commonly associated with dyslexia are often masked by protective factors, such as high verbal ability or general intelligence. Hence, high-achieving individuals with dyslexia may not be identified as being in a high-risk category...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930492/time-trends-in-concussion-symptom-presentation-and-assessment-methods-in-high-school-athletes
#18
Dustin W Currie, Matthew J Kraeutler, John B Schrock, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Concussion rates have increased significantly over the past decade. This may reflect an increase in the knowledge and diagnosis of the symptoms of a concussion rather than a true increase in the incidence. Assessing trends in the way that concussions are presenting to and being identified by clinicians over the same period may provide additional insight into the apparent rise in concussions. PURPOSE: To evaluate patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic/evaluation methods, and symptom resolution time reported for United States high school athletes from the 2007-2008 through 2014-2015 academic years...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927725/sex-differences-in-sport-related-concussion-long-term-outcomes
#19
Tracey Covassin, Jennifer L Savage, Abigail C Bretzin, Meghan E Fox
Approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million recreational and sports-related concussions (SRC) occur each year in the Unites States. Research suggest that female athletes are at a greater risk for a SRC compared to male athletes competing in comparable sports (i.e., soccer, basketball). Moreover, female athletes have reported more total symptoms and greater neurocognitive impairments following a SRC. Female athletes have been found to report greater symptom provocation as measured by the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS), and increased brain activation compared to males...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#20
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
keyword
keyword
117653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"