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Agostino Biafora, Thilo Krause, Dagmar Hackenberger, Florian Belitz, Lukas J Gooßen
A system consisting of catalytic amounts of [(p-cym)RuCl2 ]2 /PEt3 ⋅HBF4 , K2 CO3 as the base, and NMP as the solvent efficiently mediates the ortho-C-H arylation of benzoic acids with aryl bromides at 100 °C. Replacing the phosphine ligand with the amino acid dl-pipecolinic acid enables the analogous transformation with aryl chlorides. The key advantage of this broadly applicable transformation is the use of an inexpensive ruthenium catalyst in combination with simple carboxylates as directing groups, which can either be tracelessly removed or used as anchor points for decarboxylative ipso substitutions...
October 21, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
J Gonzalo N Irisarri, Justin D Derner, Lauren M Porensky, David J Augustine, Justin L Reeves, Kevin E Mueller
Grazing intensity elicits changes in the composition of plant functional groups in both shortgrass steppe (SGS) and northern mixed-grass prairie (NMP) in North America. How these grazing intensity-induced changes control aboveground net primary production (ANPP) responses to precipitation remains a central open question, especially in light of predicted climate changes. Here, we evaluated effects of four levels (none, light, moderate, and heavy) of long-term (>30 yr) grazing intensity in SGS and NMP on: (1) ANPP; (2) precipitation-use efficiency (PUE, ANPP : precipitation); and (3) precipitation marginal response (PMR; slope of a linear regression model between ANPP and precipitation)...
July 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Juan Chen, Zhi-Jun Shen, Wei-Zhi Lu, Xiang Liu, Fei-Hua Wu, Gui-Feng Gao, Yi-Ling Liu, Chun-Sheng Wu, Chong-Ling Yan, Hang-Qing Fan, Yi-Hui Zhang, Hai-Lei Zheng
Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh is a widespread mangrove species along the southeast coasts of China. Recently, the outbreak of herbivorous insect, Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, a leaf miner, have impacted on the growth of A. marina Little is reported about the responses of A. marina to leaf miner infection at the biochemical, physiological and molecular levels. Here, we reported the responses of A. marina to leaf miner infection from the aspects of leaf structure, photosynthesis, and antioxidant system and miner responsive genes expression...
October 13, 2016: Tree Physiology
Guo-Xuan Wen, Min-Le Han, Xue-Qian Wu, Ya-Pan Wu, Wen-Wen Dong, Jun Zhao, Dong-Sheng Li, Lu-Fang Ma
A super-stable multifunctional terbium(iii)-organic framework, namely {[Tb(TATAB) (H2O)2]·NMP·H2O}n (Tb-MOF, H3TATAB = 4,4',4''-s-triazine-1,3,5-triyltri-m-aminobenzoic acid, NMP = N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone) was synthesized. Tb-MOF exhibits a 2D sql structure with binuclear [Tb2(COO)4(H2O)4](2+) units as 4-connected nodes, and free water and NMP molecules are inserted between 2D layers through hydrogen-bonding interactions, forming a sandwich-type architecture. Observably, such a framework remains intact in a remarkable variety of environments such as common solvents and aqueous solutions with metal cations and inorganic anions, as well as with a pH ranging from 1 to 13...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Guo-Xuan Wen, Ya-Pan Wu, Wen-Wen Dong, Jun Zhao, Dong-Sheng Li, Jian Zhang
An ultrastable luminescent europium-organic framework, {[Eu(L)(H2O)2]·NMP·H2O}n (CTGU-2; NMP = N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone), can first detect Fe(2+)/Fe(3+) cations in different medium systems with high selectivity and sensitivity, and it also exhibits high sensitivity for Cr2O7(2-) anion and acetone with a wide linear range and a low detection limit.
October 5, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Hesamoddin Rabiee, S Mojtaba Seyedi, Hossein Rabiei, Negar Alvandifar
Two non-ionic and hydrophilic surfactant additives, Tetronic-1107 and Triton X-100, were added to poly(vinyl chloride)/NMP polymeric solution to prepare ultrafiltration membranes via immersion precipitation. Surfactants at three different weight percentages up to 6 wt% were added, and the fabricated membranes were characterized and their performance for water treatment in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a foulant was assessed. The scanning electron microscopy images indicated remarkable changes in morphology due to higher thermodynamic instability after surfactant addition...
September 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Qiang Li, Rui Liu, Jianmin Zhao, Quanli Lu
Ischemic-hypoxic condition for local osteoblasts and bone mesenchymal stem cells during bone fracture inhibits bone repairing. N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) has been approved as a safe and biologically inactive small chemical molecule, and might be useful for bone fracture repairing. In the present study, we investigated the effect of NMP on the hypoxia-reduced cellular viability and the expression of differentiation-associated markers, such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), propeptide of type I procollagen I (PINP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in the osteoblasts, and then we examined the molecular mechanism underlining such effect in the human osteoblastic hFOB 1...
2016: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
Huina Dong, Deliang Chen, Kai Wang, Rui Zhang
Cost-effective and scalable preparation of two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has been the bottleneck that limits their applications. This paper reports a novel coupled ultrasonication-milling (CUM) process to exfoliate natural molybdenite powders to achieve few-layer MoS2 (FL-MoS2) nanosheets in the solvent of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) molecules. The synergistic effect of ultrasonication and sand milling highly enhanced the exfoliation efficiency, and the precursor of natural molybdenite powders minimizes the synthetic cost of FL-MoS2 nanosheets...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
Mariusz Bral, Boris Gala-Lopez, David Bigam, Norman Kneteman, Andrew Malcolm, Scott Livingstone, Axel Andres, Juliet Emamaullee, Leslie Russell, Constantin Coussios, Lori J West, Peter J Friend, A M James Shapiro
After extensive experimentation, outcomes of a first clinical normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) liver UK trial demonstrated feasibility and clear safety, with improved liver function when compared to standard static cold storage (SCS). We herein present a preliminary single centre North-American experience using identical NMP technology. Ten donor liver grafts were procured, 4 (40%) from donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors, of which 9 were transplanted. One liver did not proceed due to a technical failure with portal cannulation, and discarded...
September 17, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
S M Apple, G Menciotti, L Braz-Ruivo, S Crosara, J Häggström, M Borgarelli
OBJECTIVES: To describe pulmonary transit time (nPTT) and myocardial perfusion (nMP) normalised to heart rate in dogs with stable ACVIM stage C myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) and to assess short-term effects of pimobendan on these variables. We hypothesised that nPTT and nMP would increase in dogs with MMVD compared with normal dogs. Additionally, we hypothesised that treatment with pimobendan would decrease nMP and nPTT in dogs with MMVD. DESIGN: Prospective, single-blind study involving 6 normal dogs and 12 dogs with MMVD...
September 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
Bahram Ghanbari, Leila Shahhoseini, Niloofar Mahlooji, Parisa Gholamnezhad, Zahra Taheri Rizi
Two new macrocyclic ligands containing 17- and 19-membered O2N3-donor aza-crowns anchored to [60]Fullerene were synthesized and characterized by employing HPLC, electrospray ionization mass (ESI-MS), (1)H and (13)C NMR, UV-vis, IR spectroscopies, as well as powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in solid state. TGA measurements revealed that upon linking each of these macrocycle rings to [60]Fullerene, the decomposition point measured for [60]Fullerene moiety was increased, indicating on the promoted stability of [60]Fullerene backbone during binding to these macrocyclic ligands...
January 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yan Xia, Panyu Zhou, Fei Wang, Chao Qiu, Panfeng Wang, Yuntong Zhang, Liming Zhao, Shuogui Xu
In this study, bioactive scaffold of nano magnesium phosphate (nMP)/wheat protein (WP) composite (MWC) was fabricated. The results revealed that the MWC scaffolds had interconnected not only macropores (sized 400-600 μm) but also micropores (sized 10-20 μm) on the walls of macropores. The MWC scaffolds containing 40 w% nMP had an appropriate degradability in phosphate-buffered saline and produced a weak alkaline microenvironment. In cell culture experiments, the results revealed that the MWC scaffolds significantly promoted the MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation, differentiation, and growth into the scaffolds...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Thawatchai Phaechamud, Nuttapong Chanyaboonsub, Orn Setthajindalert
Bleached shellac (BS) is a water-insoluble polyester resin made up of sesquiterpenoid acids esterified with hydroxy aliphatic acids. In this study, BS dissolved in N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 2-pyrrolidone was used as the internal phase of oil in oil emulsion using olive oil emulsified with glyceryl monostearate (GMS) as the external phase of in situ forming microparticles (ISM). Doxycycline hyclate (DH)-loaded BS ISMs were tested for emulsion stability, viscosity, rheology, transformation into microparticles, syringeability, drug release, surface topography, in vitro degradation and antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
David C McLeod, Nicolay V Tsarevsky
Polymers bearing activated aziridine groups are attractive precursors to α-substituted-β-amino-functionalized materials due to the enhanced reactivity of the pendant aziridine functionalities toward ring-opening by nucleophiles. Two aziridine-containing styrenic monomers, 2-(4-vinylphenyl)aziridine (VPA) and N-mesyl-2-(4-vinylphenyl)aziridine (NMVPA), were polymerized under a variety of reversible deactivation radical polymerization conditions. Low-catalyst-concentration atom transfer radical polymerization (LCC-ATRP) and reversible addition-fragmentation chain-transfer (RAFT) polymerization were ineffective at producing well-defined polymers from VPA due to side reactions between the aziridine functionalities and the agents controlling the polymerizations (catalysts or chain transfer agents)...
October 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Atefeh Solouk, Hamid Mirzadeh, Saeed Amanpour
Cartilage is a tissue with limited repair capacity and also sparse population of cells entrapped within a dense extracellular matrix, therefore, delivery of the cells to site of damaged cartilage can improve its healing potential. Synthetic biomaterials such as poly (d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) have been used as both preformed or injectable scaffolds in tissue engineering in order to carry and keep cells in the site of injury with minimal side effects. The injectable biocompatible polymeric scaffolds can reach to effected area via minimally invasive injection without need to open the joint, less painful approach and also having possibility to fill complicated shape defects...
2014: Progress in biomaterials
Laurence E Rustom, Thomas Boudou, Siyu Lou, Isabelle Pignot-Paintrand, Brett W Nemke, Yan Lu, Mark D Markel, Catherine Picart, Amy J Wagoner Johnson
UNLABELLED: The increasing demand for bone repair solutions calls for the development of efficacious bone scaffolds. Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) scaffolds with both macropores and micropores (MP) have improved healing compared to those with macropores and no micropores (NMP), but the role of micropores is unclear. Here, we evaluate capillarity induced by micropores as a mechanism that can affect bone growth in vivo. Three groups of cylindrical scaffolds were implanted in pig mandibles for three weeks: MP were implanted either dry (MP-Dry), or after submersion in phosphate buffered saline, which fills pores with fluid and therefore suppresses micropore-induced capillarity (MP-Wet); NMP were implanted dry...
October 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Saber Ghasemi Karaj-Abad, Mojtaba Abbasian, Mehdi Jaymand
For the first time, nitroxide-mediated polymerization (NMP) was used for synthesis of graft and block copolymers using cellulose (Cell) as a backbone, and polystyrene (PSt) and poly(methyl metacrylate) (PMMA) as the branches. For this purpose, Cell was acetylated by 2-bromoisobutyryl bromide (BrBiB), and then the bromine group was converted to 4-oxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl group by a substitution nucleophilic reaction to afford a macroinitiator (Cell-TEMPOL). The macroinitiator obtained was subsequently used in controlled graft and block copolymerizations of St and MMA monomers to yield Cell-g-PSt and Cell-g-(PMMA-b-PSt)...
November 5, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ricardo F Mendes, Margarida M Antunes, Patrícia Silva, Paula Barbosa, Filipe Figueiredo, Anthony Linden, João Rocha, Anabela A Valente, Filipe A Almeida Paz
A positively charged lamellar coordination polymer based on a flexible triphosphonic acid linker is reported. [Gd(H4 nmp)(H2 O)2 ]Cl⋅2 H2 O (1) [H6 nmp=nitrilotris(methylenephosphonic acid)] was obtained by a one-pot approach by using water as a green solvent and by forcing the inclusion of additional acid sites by employing HCl in the synthesis. Compound 1 acts as a versatile heterogeneous acid catalyst with outstanding activity in organic reactions such as alcoholysis of styrene oxide, acetalization of benzaldehyde and cyclohexanaldehyde and ketalization of cyclohexanone...
September 5, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Matthieu Mosca, Gaëlle Vertenoeil, Katte Rao Toppaldoddi, Isabelle Plo, William Vainchenker
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF JAK/STAT SIGNALING IN BCR-ABL-NEGATIVE MYELOPROLIFERATIVE NEOPLASMS: Myeloproliferative disorders more recently named Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) display several clinical entities: chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the classical MPN including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and atypical and unclassifiable NMP. The term MPN is mostly used for classical BCR-ABL-negative (myeloproliferative disorder) (ET, PV, PMF). These are clonal diseases resulting from the transformation of an hematopoietic stem cell and leading to an abnormal production of myeloid cells...
June 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Louise C Cope, Aseel S Abuzour, Mary P Tully
Nonmedical prescribing has been allowed in the United Kingdom (UK) since 1992. Its development over the past 24 years has been marked by changes in legislation, enabling the progression towards independent prescribing for nurses, pharmacists and a range of allied health professionals. Although the UK has led the way regarding the introduction of nonmedical prescribing, it is now seen in a number of other Western-European and Anglophone countries although the models of application vary widely between countries...
August 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
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