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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330323/modification-of-sargassum-angustifolium-by-molybdate-during-a-facile-cultivation-for-high-rate-phosphate-removal-from-wastewater-structural-characterization-and-adsorptive-behavior
#1
Firozeh Saberzadeh Sarvestani, Hossein Esmaeili, Bahman Ramavandi
In this paper, a new and facile approach for molybdate loading in the brown algae of Sargassum angustifolium is introduced. The molybdate ions were entered into the algae body during a short cultivation to produce algae-Mo as a novel adsorbent for eliminating phosphate ions from synthetic and real wastewaters. Results of the surface analysis showed that molybdate loading onto the algae was successfully performed. Herein, basic variables, such as initial solution pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, phosphate concentration, and temperature, were investigated in detail to assess the phosphate adsorption performance of algae-Mo...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330277/classical-and-bayesian-predictions-applied-to-bacillus-toxin-production
#2
Karim Ennouri, Rayda Ben Ayed, Maura Mazzarello, Ennio Ottaviani, Fathi Hertelli, Hichem Azzouz
Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacterium with unusual properties that make it useful for pest control in ecoagriculture. It can form a parasporal crystal containing polypeptides (also called delta-endotoxins). These entomopathogenic toxins are made during the stationary phase of the bacterial growth cycle and were initially characterized as an insect pathogen. Nowadays, the use of saturated two-level designs is very popular. This method is especially used in industrial applications where the cost of experiments is expensive...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330205/dna-record-of-some-traditional-small-millet-landraces-in-india-and-nepal
#3
Subramanyam Ragupathy, Shanmughanandhan Dhivya, Kirit Patel, Abiran Sritharan, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Hom Gartaula, Ramalingam Sathishkumar, Kamal Khadka, Balasubramanian C Nirmala, A Nirmala Kumari, Steven G Newmaster
Despite the extensive use of small millet landraces as an important source of nutrition for people living in semi-arid regions, they are presently marginalized and their diversity and distribution are threatened at a global scale. Local farmers have developed ancient breeding programs entrenched in traditional knowledge (TK) that has sustained rural cultures for thousands of years. The convention on biological diversity seeks fair and equitable sharing of genetic resources arising from local knowledge and requires signatory nations to provide appropriate policy and legal framework to farmers' rights over plant genetic resources and associated TK...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329918/-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage
#4
REVIEW
Hyeong Seok Nam, Dae Hwan Kang
The therapeutic role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has continued to evolve in recent years. EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) can be performed as an effective alternative to percutaneous drainage or surgical options when conventional Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography fails or is not possible. Depending on the access and exit routes of the stent, multiple approaches to EUS-BD have been proposed. Each patient should receive an individualized approach based on the patient's condition, anatomy, and endoscopist's experience, with an appropriate backup prepared...
March 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329848/attitudes-toward-alzheimer-s-care-seeking-among-korean-americans-effects-of-knowledge-stigma-and-subjective-norm
#5
Banghwa Lee Casado, Michin Hong, Sang E Lee
Purpose: Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) ensures that affected individuals and their caregivers can make appropriate plans for health care needs, yet many ethnic minorities delay seeking care for AD until the disease has progressed. This study examined attitudes toward care-seeking for AD among Korean Americans (KAs) and identified factors affecting their attitudes. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 234 KA adults. We conducted hierarchical regression analyses to examine the effects of sociocultural background (age, gender, education, cultural orientation), AD knowledge and exposure to AD, and beliefs about AD (stigma of pity, shame, and public avoidance) and AD care (subjective norm) on KAs' attitudes toward seeking AD care from primary care physicians (PCPs) and AD specialists...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329827/the-influence-of-the-physical-envirnment-on-residents-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-settings-a-review-of-the-empirical-literature
#6
Habib Chaudhury, Heather A Cooke, Heather Cowie, Leila Razaghi
Background and Objectives: The physical environment in long-term care facilities has an important role in the care of residents with dementia. This paper presents a literature review focusing on recent empirical research in this area and situates the research with therapeutic goals related to the physical environment. Research Design and Methods: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in Ageline, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Medline and Google Scholar databases to identify relevant articles...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#7
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329646/gaps-in-the-understanding-and-treatment-of-skin-cancer-in-people-of-color
#8
Ajay Kailas
People of color are at significantly higher risk in mortality from skin cancers, such as melanoma, than Caucasians. Around 4,500,000 people of color are affected by skin cancer The five-year survival rates from melanoma are 81.1% for Hispanics, 80.2% for Asians, 72.2% for African- Americans, and 89.6% for Caucasians. For this reason, it is important to ensure the scientific literature reflects the most up to date recommendations and treatment for blacks regarding skin cancer. Therefore the authors conducted a "gap analysis" on the current treatment of skin cancer in people of color...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329595/pigmented-lesion-of-the-nipple-a-clinicopathological-challenge
#9
Júlia Vide, Artur César, Pedro Rodrigues Pereira, Filomena Azevdo
Differential diagnoses of pigmented lesions of the nipple include melanocytic nevus, melanosis of the nipple, seborrheic keratosis, pigmented basal cell carcinoma, melanoma and Paget disease. The histologic exam with appropriate immunohistochemistry is a fundamental tool to achieve a correct diagnosis. We present a patient with a pigmented lesion of her right nipple revealing mammary Paget disease and elucidate diagnostic obstacles and prognostic importance of early breast cancer detection.
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329552/diffuse-sebaceous-gland-hyperplasia
#10
Julia Gittler, Lauren Penn, Vitaly Terushkin, Nooshin Brinster
Diffuse sebaceous-gland hyperplasia is a rarevariant of sebaceous-gland hyperplasia that isdistinct from the well-known circumscribed type.The term presenile sebaceous hyperplasia has beenutilized to describe this entity that is distinguishedby specific features, which include confluence oflesions that results in the formation of large plaqueson the face, the sparing of periorificial regions, andhighly functional glandular hyperplasia that resultsin excessive sebaceous secretion. We present a43-year-old woman with monomorphous, skincoloredand yellow, smooth 1- to-3-mm papules,some with central umbilication, that spare theperiorificial zones...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329514/disseminated-punctate-keratoderma-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Eseosa Asemota, Alina Markova, Jonathan Ho, Michael K Lichtman
We report a rare case of a 53-year-old womanpresenting with diffuse, late-onset disseminatedhyperkeratotic papules. Biopsy showed massivehyperkeratosis overlying a crateriform epidermaldepression and hypergranulosis with mild epidermalhyperplasia. There was no parakeratosis, cornoidlamella, or dyskeratosis. Based on the clinical findingsand histopathological features, a diagnosis ofdisseminated punctate keratoderma was made. Thisis a rare subtype of palmoplantar keratoderma, whichhas a putative increased risk of malignancy...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329490/tamoxifen-induced-radiation-recall-dermatitis
#12
Alexandra Bourgeois, Stratton B Grisoli, Erik J Soine, Les B Rosen
BACKGROUND: Radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) canpresent days to years after radiation exposure andis most commonly caused by chemotherapy drugs,with tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisbeing exceptionally rare. PURPOSE: To report a newcase of tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisafter 4.5 years of tamoxifen exposure, making this thelongest time of onset to RRD after tamoxifen initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The case of a woman withtamoxifen-induced RRD is presented...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329433/understanding-maternal-postpartum-needs-a-descriptive-survey-of-current-maternal-health-services
#13
Mona Ma Almalik
OBJECTIVE: To assess mothers' learning needs and concerns after giving birth and to examine whether these needs were met at 6-8 weeks postpartum. BACKGROUND: Women experience many physiologic and psychological changes during postpartum period which is considered a vital transitional time. Exploring and meeting women's needs help woman to pass this period with little complications and enhance health care provider's ability to provide appropriate care following childbirth...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329397/resveratrol-improves-vascular-function-and-mitochondrial-number-but-not-glucose-metabolism-in-older-adults
#14
Rena M Pollack, Nir Barzilai, Valentin Anghel, Ameya S Kulkarni, Aaron Golden, Pilib O'Broin, David A Sinclair, Michael S Bonkowski, Alexander J Coleville, Danielle Powell, Sharon Kim, Ruin Moaddel, Daniel Stein, Kehao Zhang, Meredith Hawkins, Jill P Crandall
Background: Resveratrol, a plant-derived polyphenol, has been reported to improve glucose metabolism and vascular function and to extend life span in animal models, but studies in humans have been inconclusive. Methods: In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we treated older glucose-intolerant adults (n = 30) with resveratrol (2-3 g/daily) or placebo, each for 6 weeks. A standard mixed-meal test was used to assess insulin sensitivity (Matsuda index) and secretion (C-peptide deconvolution) and vascular function by reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry...
March 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329377/time-to-refocus-assessment-of-vision-in-older-adults-contrast-sensitivity-but-not-visual-acuity-is-associated-with-gait-in-older-adults
#15
Eoin Duggan, Orna Donoghue, Rose Anne Kenny, Hilary Cronin, James Loughman, Ciarán Finucane
Background: The relationship between measures of visual function and gait related risk factors for falls is unclear. In this study, we examine the relationship between visual function (visual acuity [VA] and contrast sensitivity [CS] at multiple spatial frequencies) and quantitative spatiotemporal gait, using a large, nationally representative sample of community dwelling older adults. Methods: Participants aged 50 and over were recruited as part of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA)...
February 28, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329307/eacvi-appropriateness-criteria-for-the-use-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-adults-a-report-of-literature-and-current-practice-review
#16
Richard P Steeds, Madalina Garbi, Nuno Cardim, Jaroslaw D Kasprzak, Elif Sade, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Bogdan Alexandru Popescu, Alexandros Stefanidis, Bernard Cosyns, Mark Monaghan, Svend Aakhus, Thor Edvardsen, Frank Flachskampf, Leonarda Galiuto, George Athanassopoulos, Patrizio Lancellotti
The European Association for Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) has outlined the rationale for setting appropriate use criteria (AUC) in cardiovascular (CV) imaging. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the most common imaging modality in CV disease and is a central tool in diagnosis, follow-up, management planning and intervention. The purpose of AUC is to inform referrers, both to avoid under-use, which may result in incomplete or incorrect diagnosis and treatment, and also over-use, which may delay correct diagnosis, lead to 'treatment cascade', and wastes resources...
February 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329268/dynamics-of-cough-frequency-in-adults-undergoing-treatment-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Alvaro Proaño, Marjory A Bravard, José W Lopez, Gwenyth O Lee, David Bui, Sumona Datta, Germán Comina, Mirko Zimic, Jorge Coronel, Luz Caviedes, José L Cabrera, Antonio Salas, Eduardo Ticona, Nancy M Vu, Daniela E Kirwan, Maria-Cristina I Loader, Jon S Friedland, David A Moore, Carlton A Evans, Brian H Tracey, Robert H Gilman
Background: Cough is the major determinant of tuberculosis transmission. Despite this, there is a paucity of information regarding characteristics of cough frequency throughout the day and in response to tuberculosis therapy. Here we evaluate the circadian cycle of cough; cough frequency risk factors; and the impact of appropriate treatment on cough and bacillary load. Methods: We prospectively evaluated HIV-negative adults (n=64) with a new diagnosis of culture-proven, drug-susceptible pul-monary tuberculosis immediately prior to treatment and repeatedly until treatment day 62...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329249/acetylation-regulates-protein-stability-and-dna-binding-ability-of-hild-to-modulate-salmonella-typhimurium-virulence
#18
Yu Sang, Jie Ren, Ran Qin, Shuting Liu, Zhongli Cui, Sen Cheng, Xiaoyun Liu, Jie Lu, Jing Tao, Yu-Feng Yao
HilD, a dominant regulator of Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 (SPI-1), can be acetylated by acetyltransferase Pat in Salmonella Typhimurium, and the acetylation is beneficial to its stability. However, the underlying mechanism of HilD stability regulated by acetylation is not clear. We show here that lysine 297 (K297) located in the helix-turn-helix motif, can be acetylated by Pat. Acetylation of K297 increases HilD stability, but reduces its DNA-binding affinity. In turn, the deacetylated K297 enhances the DNA-binding ability, but decreases HilD stability...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329213/postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-rehabilitation-requirements-following-lobectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-study-of-patients-undergoing-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-versus-thoracotomy%C3%A2
#19
Paula Agostini, Sebastian T Lugg, Kerry Adams, Nelia Vartsaba, Maninder S Kalkat, Pala B Rajesh, Richard S Steyn, Babu Naidu, Alison Rushton, Ehab Bishay
OBJECTIVES: : Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgical (VATS) lobectomy is increasingly used for curative intent lung cancer surgery compared to open thoracotomy due to its minimally invasive approach and associated benefits. However, the effects of the VATS approach on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC), rehabilitation and physiotherapy requirements are unclear; our study aimed to use propensity score matching to investigate this. METHODS: Between January 2012 and January 2016 all consecutive patients undergoing lobectomy via thoracotomy or VATS were prospectively observed...
March 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329185/quality-indicators-to-measure-appropriate-antibiotic-use-some-thoughts-on-the-black-box
#20
Jeroen A Schouten, Marvin Ah Berrevoets, Marlies E Hulscher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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