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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166757/hybrid-imaging-of-musculoskeletal-infections
#1
Andor W Glaudemans, Napoleone Prandini, Marco DI Girolamo, Giuseppe Argento, Chiara Lauri, Elena Lazzeri, Mario Muto, Luca M Sconfienza, Alberto Signore
This review article highlights the role of radiological and nuclear medicine techniques in diagnosis of musculoskeletal infections with particular regard to hybrid imaging of osteomyelitis, prosthetic joint infections, sternal infections and spine infections. Authors conclude on the complementary role of the several techniques with indications for an appropriate diagnostic flow chart, in the light of the recent EANM guidelines on infection.
November 22, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166675/perianal-dermatitis-its-incidence-and-patterns-of-topical-therapies-in-a-level-iv-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Anuj Malik, Emily Witsberger, Lesley Cottrell, Autumn Kiefer, Panitan Yossuck
Objective To define the incidence of perianal dermatitis (PD) and determine the usage pattern and cost efficacy of diaper products among neonates admitted to a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) including those with a diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Methods A retrospective cohort study to evaluate neonates with PD based on number of orders for Aquaphor, Bagbalm, Desitin, Flanders, or Nystatin. Various demographic and clinical parameters were recorded. Usage patterns of these five products were analyzed, and their costs estimated...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166671/the-15n-leucine-single-injection-method-allows-for-determining-endogenous-losses-and-true-digestibility-of-amino-acids-in-cecectomized-roosters
#3
Rujiu Hu, Jing Li, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Fei Wang, Yan Feng, Xiaojun Yang, Junhu Yao
This study was conducted to assess the influence of dietary protein content in poultry when using the 15N-leucine single-injection method to determine endogenous amino acid losses (EAALs) in poultry. Forty-eight cecectomized roosters (2.39 ± 0.23 kg) were randomly allocated to eight dietary treatments containing protein levels of 0, 3%, 6%, 9%, 12%, 15%, 18% and 21%. Each bird was precisely fed an experimental diet of 25 g/kg of body weight. After feeding, all roosters were subcutaneously injected with a 15N-leucine solution at a dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166669/frequency-of-five-disease-causing-genetic-mutations-in-a-large-mixed-breed-dog-population-2011-2012
#4
Sharon Zierath, Angela M Hughes, Neale Fretwell, Mark Dibley, Kari J Ekenstedt
BACKGROUND: A large and growing number of inherited genetic disease mutations are now known in the dog. Frequencies of these mutations are typically examined within the breed of discovery, possibly in related breeds, but nearly always in purebred dogs. No report to date has examined the frequencies of specific genetic disease mutations in a large population of mixed-breed dogs. Further, veterinarians and dog owners typically dismiss inherited/genetic diseases as possibilities for health problems in mixed-breed dogs, assuming hybrid vigor will guarantee that single-gene disease mutations are not a cause for concern...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166567/supporting-the-most-vulnerable-through-appropriate-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies
#5
Karleen Gribble
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166563/mechanochemical-synthesis-of-pharmaceutical-cocrystal-suspensions-via-hot-melt-extrusion-enhancing-cocrystal-yield
#6
Shu Li, Tao Yu, Yiwei Tian, Colette Lagan, David S Jones, Gavin P Andrews
Pharmaceutical cocrystals have attracted increasing attention over the past decade as an alternative way to modify the physicochemical properties and hence improve the bioavailability of a drug, without sacrificing thermodynamic stability. Our previous work has demonstrated the viability of in-situ formation of ibuprofen/isonicotinamide cocrystal suspensions within a matrix carrier via a single-step hot-melt extrusion (HME) process. The key aim of the current work is to establish optimised processing conditions to improve cocrystal yield within extruded matrices...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166523/the-ph-of-the-main-brazilian-commercial-moisturizers-and-liquid-soaps-considerations-on-the-repair-of-the-skin-barrier
#7
Giovana M Gonçalves, Gabrielli Brianezi, Hélio Amante Miot
The pH of the skin is slightly acidic (4.6 to 5.8) which is important for appropriate antibacterial, antifungal, constitution of barrier function, as well as structuring and maturation of the stratum corneum. This study aimed to evaluate the pH of the main commercial moisturizers and liquid soaps in Brazil. Thus, pH of the products was quantified by pH meter in three measurements. A total of 38 moisturizers and six commercial liquid soaps were evaluated. Mean pH of 63% and 50% of the moisturizing and liquid soaps presented results above 5...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#8
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166477/regional-differences-in-infection-control-conditions-in-a-sample-of-primary-health-care-services-in-brazil
#9
Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães de Abreu, Vera Lúcia Silva Resende, Kyu Ha Lee, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta-Machado, Jacqueline Rose Starr
International guidelines have pointed out the importance of the physical environment of health care facilities in preventing and controlling infection. We aimed to describe the physical environment of dental care facilities in Brazil in 2014, focusing on characteristics designed to control infections. Exactly 16,202 dental offices in the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) participated in this survey. Trained researchers extracted information about the infection control characteristics of health facilities by using a structured instrument...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166407/executive-function-assessment-in-new-zealand-2-year-olds-born-at-risk-of-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#10
Judith M Ansell, Trecia A Wouldes, Jane E Harding
A growing number of babies are born with perinatal risk factors that may impair later development. These children are often assessed at 2 years to help predict outcome and direct support services. Executive function is an important predictor of academic achievement and behavior, but there are limited assessments of executive function in 2-year-olds and few have been tested in at-risk populations. Therefore, we developed a battery of four age-appropriate tasks to assess executive function in 2-year-olds. At 24 months' corrected age 368 children completed tasks assessing attention, inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#11
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166381/risk-score-for-the-prediction-of-severe-obesity-in-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-relative-to-tumor-origin
#12
Danling Li, Jun Pan, Junxiang Peng, Shichao Zhang, Guanglong Huang, Xi'an Zhang, Yun Bao, Songtao Qi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a risk score to improve the prediction of severe obesity in pediatric craniopharyngiomas (PCs). METHODS: 612 consecutive PCs were prospectively enrolled from 6 hospitals. Data from 404 participants were analyzed. Participants from 3 of the 6 hospitals (n=290) were used to develop a risk score. External validation of the developed risk score was conducted using the participants from the other 3 hospitals (n=114). Sequential logistic regression was used to develop and validate the risk score...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166352/more-learners-finite-resources-and-the-changing-landscape-of-procedural-training-at-the-bedside
#13
Michael A Gisondi, Linda Regan, Jeremy Branzetti, Laura R Hopson
There is growing competition for non-operative, procedural training in teaching hospitals, due to an increased number of individuals seeking to learn procedures from a finite number of appropriate teaching cases. Procedural training is required by students, post-graduate learners, and practicing providers who must maintain their skills. These learner groups are growing in size as the number of medical schools increase and advance practice providers expand their skills to include complex procedures. These various learner needs occur against a background of advancing therapeutic techniques that improve patient care, but also act to reduce the overall numbers of procedures available to learners...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166350/competency-crosswalk-a-multispecialty-review-of-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-milestones-across-four-competency-domains
#14
Laura Edgar, Sydney Roberts, Nicholas Yaghmour, Andrea Leep Hunderfund, Stanley J Hamstra, Lisa Conforti, Eric S Holmboe
PURPOSE: To identify common and overlapping themes among the interpersonal and communication skills (ICS), practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI), professionalism (PROF), and systems-based practice (SBP) milestones of the transitional year and 26 specialties. METHOD: In May 2017, milestones were accessed from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education specialties website. A thematic analysis of the ICS, PBLI, PROF, and SBP milestones was performed to determine unique and common themes across these competencies and across specialties...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#15
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166282/adenocarcinoma-of-the-posterior-segment-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-in-dogs-clinical-endoscopic-histopathological-and-immunohistochemical-findings
#16
J Spużak, R Ciaputa, K Kubiak, M Jankowski, K Glińska-Suchocka, D Poradowski, M Nowak
Of all the tumours in dogs, three percent are located in the intestines, and 36-60% of those tumours affect the large intestine. Adenocarcinomas of the intestines account for 20-35% of the gastrointestinal tumours and for almost 60% of the large intestine tumours. The aim of the study was to analyze clinical disorders and endoscopic, histopathological and immunohistochemical changes in colorectal adenocarcinomas in dogs with the use of the E-cadherin, β-catenin, cytokeratin 20 (CK20), Ki-67 and minichromosome maintenance 3 (MCM-3)...
September 26, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166220/does-the-cognitive-reflection-test-actually-capture-heuristic-versus-analytic-reasoning-styles-in-older-adults
#17
Christopher Hertzog, R Marit Smith, Robert Ariel
Background/Study Context: This study evaluated adult age differences in the original three-item Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT; Frederick, 2005, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19, 25-42) and an expanded seven-item version of that test (Toplak et al., 2013, Thinking and Reasoning, 20, 147-168). The CRT is a numerical problem-solving test thought to capture a disposition towards either rapid, intuition-based problem solving (Type I reasoning) or a more thoughtful, analytical problem-solving approach (Type II reasoning)...
November 22, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166191/the-pediatric-yorkhill-malnutrition-score-is-a-reliable-malnutrition-screening-tool
#18
Nur Eni Lestari, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
Children often experience malnutrition while they are hospitalized. Therefore, the prevention of malnutrition and nutritional management need to be done properly using malnutrition screening tools. This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool for the Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) when compared to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment for Children (SGNA). This study involved 81 pediatric patients with ages ranging from 1 to 16 years old...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166177/kinetic-behavior-of-campylobacter-jejuni-in-beef-tartare-at-cold-temperatures-and-transcriptomes-related-to-its-survival
#19
Sejeong Kim, Jiyeon Jeong, Heeyoung Lee, Jeeyeon Lee, Soomin Lee, Jimyeong Ha, Yukyoung Choi, Yohan Yoon, Kyoung-Hee Choi
This study was conducted to examine the kinetic behavior of Campylobacter jejuni in raw beef tartare by using mathematical models and to identify genes related to C. jejuni survival at cold temperatures. C. jejuni was inoculated onto beef tartare samples, stored at 4, 10, 15, 25, and 30°C, plated on modified charcoal-cefoperazone-deoxycholate agar, and enumerated. The survival data was fitted to the Weibull model to calculate delta (δ), which is the time required for the first 1-log reduction of the cells...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166132/imaging-of-iatrogenic-esophageal-injuries-using-optimized-ct-esophageal-leak-protocol-pearls-and-pitfalls
#20
Rachna Madan, Olga Laur, Breland Crudup, Latia Peavy, Brett W Carter
Iatrogenic injury to the esophagus is a serious complication which is increasingly seen in clinical practice secondary to expansion and greater acceptability of surgical and endoscopic esophageal procedures. Morbidity and mortality following such injury is high. This is mostly due to an inflammatory response to gastric contents in the mediastinum, and the negative intra-thoracic pressures that may further draw out esophageal contents into the mediastinum leading to mediastinitis. Subsequently, pulmonary complications such as pneumonia or abscess may ensue leading to rapid clinical deterioration...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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