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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719956/a-case-of-ectopic-peritoneal-paragonimiasis-mimicking-diverticulitis-or-abdominal-abscess
#1
Min Jae Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Yong Sik Yoon, Kyung Won Kim, Jaeeun Cho, Jong-Yil Chai, Yong Pil Chong
Paragonimiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Paragnonimus species. The primary site of infection is the lung, and extrapulmonary involvement is also reported. When infected with Paragonimus westermani, which is the dominant species in Korea, the central nervous system is frequently involved along with the liver, intestine, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, and abdominal wall. Ectopic paragonimiasis raises diagnostic challenge since it is uncommon and may be confused with malignancy or other inflammatory diseases...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719918/-the-wish-for-a-child-in-the-case-of-permanent-infertility-development-of-the-german-questionnaire-on-attitudes-toward-motherhood
#2
Maike Fliegner, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Kerstin Krupp, Franziska Brunner
Study 1 Development of the questionnaire Most questionnaires on attitudes toward motherhood presume that the subject is fertile and positive and negative attitudes are represented on a one-dimensional scale. Moreover, the questionnaires often do not provide German versions and German norms. The aim of this study is to examine whether the German Questionnaire on Attitudes toward Motherhood ("FEMu") can be used to describe attitudes toward motherhood multi-dimensionally and whether it is applicable independent of a person's fertility status...
July 18, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719855/high-fat-diet-and-aging-interact-to-produce-neuroinflammation-and-impair-hippocampal-and-amygdalar-dependent-memory
#3
Sarah J Spencer, Heather D'Angelo, Alita Soch, Linda R Watkins, Steven F Maier, Ruth M Barrientos
More Americans are consuming diets higher in saturated fats and refined sugars than ever before, and based on increasing obesity rates, this is a growing trend among older adults as well. While high saturated fat diet (HFD) consumption has been shown to sensitize the inflammatory response to a subsequent immune challenge in young adult rats, the inflammatory effect of HFD in the already-vulnerable aging brain has not yet been assessed. Here, we explored whether short-term (3 days) consumption of HFD would serve as a neuroinflammatory trigger in aging animals, leading to cognitive deficits...
June 24, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719845/the-effects-of-ibuprofen-on-activated-sludge-shift-in-bacterial-community-structure-and-resistance-to-ciprofloxacin
#4
Madars Davids, Dita Gudra, Ilze Radovica-Spalvina, Davids Fridmanis, Vadims Bartkevics, Olga Muter
Ibuprofen (IBP) is ranked at the 4th place among 57 pharmaceutical compounds according to the number of citations in prioritization documents. The response of microbial community of activated sludge to IBP was studied at the concentrations of 50-5000mg/L. Batch incubation was performed in an OxiTop® device for 21days. The reduction of biological oxygen demand depended on the IBP concentration and varied in the range from 321 to 107mg O2/L. Massive DNA sequencing analysis of the activated sludge revealed that Proteobacteria became more dominant when grown in the presence of IBP...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719844/phosphate-functionalized-4-4-armchair-cnts-as-novel-drug-delivery-systems-for-alendronate-and-etidronate-anti-osteoporosis-drugs
#5
Zahra Nikfar, Zahra Shariatinia
The ability of (4,4)-armchair CNT and its three phosphate functionalized forms (CNT-nH2PO4, n=1-3) were evaluated as novel drug delivery systems (DDSs) for the two commercially well-known anti-osteoporosis drugs namely alendronate (AL) and etidronate (ET). For this purpose, the DFT calculations were accomplished at both B3LYP and B3PW91 levels using 6-31g(d) basis set. The binding energy was increased by increasing number of H2PO4 moieties attached on the CNT with the most negative binding energy was measured for the carrier containing three phosphate groups...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719817/aged-refuse-enhances-anaerobic-digestion-of-waste-activated-sludge
#6
Jianwei Zhao, Lin Gui, Qilin Wang, Yiwen Liu, Dongbo Wang, Bing-Jie Ni, Xiaoming Li, Rui Xu, Guangming Zeng, Qi Yang
In this work, a low-cost alternative approach (i.e., adding aged refuse (AR) into waste activated sludge) to significantly enhance anaerobic digestion of sludge was reported. Experimental results showed that with the addition dosage of AR increasing from 0 to 400 mg/g dry sludge soluble chemical oxygen demand (COD) increased from 1150 to 5240 mg/L at the digestion time of 5 d, while the maximal production of volatile fatty acids (VFA) increased from 82.6 to 183.9 mg COD/g volatile suspended solids. Although further increase of AR addition decreased the concentrations of both soluble COD and VFA, their contents in these systems with AR addition at any concentration investigated were still higher than those in the blank, which resulted in higher methane yields in these systems...
July 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719810/social-impacts-evaluation-and-insider-outsider-paradigm-floodwater-spreading-project-on-the-gareh-bygone-plain-as-an-illustrative-case
#7
Mostafa Ahmadvand, Ezatollah Karami
Selection of the appropriate social impact evaluation approach has become an important issue in agricultural and rural development projects in developing countries. The aim of this research was to use the lens of insider-outsider or mutual social impact assessment approach to assess the social impacts of floodwater spreading project (FWSP) on the Gareh-Bygone plain, Iran. A survey methodology with systematic sampling techniques was used to select 138 households as insider group in four villages' of the Gareh-Bygone plain which is covered by FWSP...
July 8, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719795/estimating-the-direct-medical-economic-burden-of-health-care-associated-infections-in-public-tertiary-hospitals-in-hubei-province-china
#8
Hao Li, Xinliang Liu, Dan Cui, Quan Wang, Zongfu Mao, Liang Fang, Furong Zhang, Ping Yang, Huiling Wu, Nili Ren, Jianyun He, Jing Sun
This study estimated the attributable direct medical economic burden of health care-associated infections (HAIs) in China. Data were extracted from hospitals' information systems. Inpatient cases with HAIs and non-HAIs were grouped by the propensity score matching (PSM) method. Attributable hospitalization expenditures and length of hospital stay were measured to estimate the direct medical economic burden of HAIs. STATA 12.0 was used to conduct descriptive analysis, bivariate χ(2) test, paired Z test, PSM ( r = 0...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719783/making-sense-of-studies-that-claim-benefits-of-frenotomy-in-the-absence-of-classic-tongue-tie
#9
Pamela Douglas
By performing an in-depth analysis of one high profile example, this article aims to help breastfeeding support professionals understand the methodological flaws that characterize recent studies claiming to show the efficacy of frenotomy for the diagnoses of posterior tongue-tie and upper lip-tie. The example study does not address definitional confusion or control for the effects of the passage of time. It does not consider the effects of caring attention, validation, and lactation consultant support. It also does not consider the extensive research over the past three decades that has established that reflux in the first 6 months of life is benign, even though increased reflux frequency may correlate with unsettled infant behavior...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719774/a-secular-trend-in-birth-weight-and-delivery-practices-in-periurban-vietnam-during-2005-2012
#10
Duc Minh Duong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Chuong Canh Nguyen, Vui Thi Le, Son Ngoc Hoang, Ha Thi Thu Bui
The remarkable increase in Vietnamese economic conditions can increase the birth weight in neonates and better delivery practices among women. The Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System started in 2004. An open cohort of data consisting of about 57 561 people from 17 993 households has been followed primarily with respect to demography, economy, and education. The aim of this research is to study secular trends in delivery practice and birth weight in the past decade (2005-2012) in Chi Linh...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719753/exercise-prescriptions-for-training-and-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-heart-and-lung-disease
#11
Pietro Palermo, Ugo Corrà
Rehabilitation in patients with advanced cardiac and pulmonary disease has been shown to increase survival and improve quality of life among many other benefits. Exercise training is the fundamental ingredient in these rehabilitation programs. However, determining the amount of exercise is not straightforward or uniform. Most rehabilitation and training program fix the time of exercise and set the exercise intensity to the goals of the rehabilitation program and the exercise-related hurdles of the individual...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719697/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-in-adults-a-review
#12
Jennifer L McCracken, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Bill T Ameredes, William J Calhoun
Importance: Asthma affects about 7.5% of the adult population. Evidence-based diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment can improve functioning and quality of life in adult patients with asthma. Observations: Asthma is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome primarily affecting the lower respiratory tract, characterized by episodic or persistent symptoms of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough. The diagnosis of asthma requires these symptoms and demonstration of reversible airway obstruction using spirometry...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719666/effects-of-prey-pitcher-age-and-microbes-on-acid-phosphatase-activity-in-fluid-from-pitchers-of-sarracenia-purpurea-sarraceniaceae
#13
Carl S Luciano, Sandra J Newell
Carnivory in pitcher plants generally involves digestion of prey, by the plant itself, by symbionts, or both. While symbionts appear to be important in the digestion of prey in Sarracenia purpurea, the importance of pitcher-derived enzymes is less well documented. Our goal was to reduce microbial numbers in pitcher fluid in order to measure the acid phosphatase activity attributable to the pitchers themselves. Preliminary experiments indicated that various antibiotics were minimally effective at reducing microbial populations and that antibiotic-resistant microbes were easily cultured from pitcher fluid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719665/risk-factors-for-hospital-acquired-infections-in-teaching-hospitals-of-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#14
Walelegn Worku Yallew, Abera Kumie, Feleke Moges Yehuala
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infection affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. It is a major global issue for patient safety. Understanding the potential risk factors is important to appreciate the local context. A matched case control study design, which is the first of its kind in the study region, was undertaken to identify risk factors in teaching hospitals of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. METHOD: A matched case control study design matched with age and hospital type was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719629/multiparametric-11c-acetate-positron-emission-tomography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-assessment-and-staging-of-prostate-cancer
#15
Stephan H Polanec, Piotr Andrzejewski, Pascal A T Baltzer, Thomas H Helbich, Alexander Stiglbauer, Dietmar Georg, Georgios Karanikas, Martin Susani, Wolfgang Wadsak, Markus Margreiter, Markus Mitterhauser, Peter Brader, Katja Pinker
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether MP [11C]Acetate PET-MRI enables an accurate differentiation of benign and malignant prostate tumors as well as local and distant staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients fulfilling the following criteria were included in this IRB-approved prospective study: elevated PSA levels or suspicious findings at digital rectal examination or TRUS; and histopathological verification. All patients underwent MP [11C]Acetate PET-MRI of the prostate performed on separate scanners with PET/CT using [11C]Acetate and 3T MP MR imaging...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719603/the-%C3%A2-100-lab-a-3d-printable-open-source-platform-for-fluorescence-microscopy-optogenetics-and-accurate-temperature-control-during-behaviour-of-zebrafish-drosophila-and-caenorhabditis-elegans
#16
Andre Maia Chagas, Lucia L Prieto-Godino, Aristides B Arrenberg, Tom Baden
Small, genetically tractable species such as larval zebrafish, Drosophila, or Caenorhabditis elegans have become key model organisms in modern neuroscience. In addition to their low maintenance costs and easy sharing of strains across labs, one key appeal is the possibility to monitor single or groups of animals in a behavioural arena while controlling the activity of select neurons using optogenetic or thermogenetic tools. However, the purchase of a commercial solution for these types of experiments, including an appropriate camera system as well as a controlled behavioural arena, can be costly...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719524/establishing-obstetric-anesthesiology-practice-guidelines-in-the-republic-of-armenia-a-global-health-collaboration
#17
Gordon Yuill, Ashot Amroyan, Simon Millar, Emil Vardapetyan, Ashraf S Habib, Medge D Owen
BACKGROUND: Disparity exists in anesthesia practices between high- and low-to-middle income countries, and awareness has been raised within the global health community to improve the standards of anesthesia care and patient safety. The establishment of international collaborations and appropriate practice guidelines may help address clinical care deficiencies. This report's aim was to assess the impact of a multiyear collaboration on obstetric anesthesia practices in the Republic of Armenia...
August 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719469/insm1-demonstrates-superior-performance-to-the-individual-and-combined-use-of-synaptophysin-chromogranin-and-cd56-for-diagnosing-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-thoracic-cavity
#18
Lisa M Rooper, Rajni Sharma, Qing Kay Li, Peter B Illei, William H Westra
Despite the importance of recognizing neuroendocrine differentiation when diagnosing tumors of the thoracic cavity, the sensitivity of traditional neuroendocrine markers is suboptimal, particularly for high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas such as small cell lung carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. To increase sensitivity, neuroendocrine markers are routinely ordered as panels of multiple immunostains where any single positive marker is regarded as sufficient evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719463/do-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-tumors-of-the-testis-with-lymphovascular-invasion-of-the-spermatic-cord-merit-staging-as-pt3
#19
Jennifer Gordetsky, Joseph Sanfrancesco, Jonathan I Epstein, Karen Trevino, Huiping Xu, Adeboye Osunkoya, Guang Q Xiao, Chia-Sui Kao, Pamela Unger, Neda Hashemi-Sadraei, Constantine Albany, Julie M Jorns, David Y Lu, Andres Matoso, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Lauren E Schwartz, Thomas M Ulbright, Muhammad T Idrees
The staging of testicular nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCTs) with lymphovascular invasion (LVI) of the spermatic cord in the absence of cord parenchymal involvement remains controversial. Our previous study showed that tumors with spermatic cord LVI present at a higher clinical stage than tumors with LVI confined to the testis (pT2). We compared NSGCTs with LVI of the spermatic cord without direct involvement of the spermatic cord soft tissues to pT3 tumors to help clarify the appropriate staging of this histologic finding...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719397/obesity-and-pancreatitis
#20
Biswajit Khatua, Bara El-Kurdi, Vijay P Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The obesity pandemic poses a unique set of problems for acute pancreatitis - both by increasing acute pancreatitis incidence, and worsening acute pancreatitis severity. This review explores these associations, underlying mechanisms, and potential therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: We review how the obesity associated increase in gallstones, surgical, and endoscopic interventions for obesity management, diabetes, and related medications such as incretin-based therapies and hypertriglyceridemia may increase the incidence of acute pancreatitis...
July 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
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