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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605798/il-4-gene-expression-in-adventitial-layer-fibrous-layer-of-hepatic-ovine-and-bovine-hydatid-cysts
#1
Zahra Dorosti, Sepideh Tolouei, Hossein Khanahmad, Rasool Jafari, Fereshteh Jafaee, Seyedeh Marayam Sharafi, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Cystic Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease with cosmopolitan distribution caused by the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus. Fibrous layer is developed around the cyst as a host immune response reaction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of IL-4 gene expression in fibrous layer of bovine and ovine hepatic hydatid cysts using quantitative technique of Real-Time PCR. In this descriptive study the samples of hydatid cyst fibrous layer were taken from 6 bovine and 6 ovine hepatic hydatid cysts. Samples of normal liver tissue close to the cyst were also taken as controls...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298834/cysticercosis-of-externsor-carpi-ulnaris-a-differential-diagnosis-for-painful-swelling-at-elbow
#2
Sharat Agarwal, Mohammad Nasim Akhtar
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is an infection by the larval stage (cystcercus cellulosae) of the cestode, Taenia Solium (pork tape worm). It occurs especially in those individuals who live in the endemic areas. After gaining entry into the body, the larva become encysted and may lie in subcutaneous tissue, striated muscle, vitreous humor, or other tissues. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual case of cysticercosis of the Extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) muscle, which presented as localized swelling at the lateral aspect of elbow...
October 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226138/taenia-an-uninvited-guest
#3
Afshin Shafaghi, Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Alireza Amir Maafi
BACKGROUND: Taenia saginata and Taenia solium species are worldwide in distribution, causing bovine and porcine cysticercosis, and taeniasis in humans having the greatest economic and medical importance. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman living in a village around Rasht (northern Iran) was referred to our hospital with a history of chronic abdominal pain and recent dyspepsia and epigastric fullness. According to her clinical history, she was a candidate for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26147293/competition-and-facilitation-between-a-disease-and-a-predator-in-a-stunted-prey-population
#4
Maarten C Boerlijst, André M de Roos
The role of diseases and parasites has received relatively little attention in modelling ecological dynamics despite mounting evidence of their importance in structuring communities. In contrast to predators, parasites do not necessarily kill their host but instead they may change host life history. Here, we study the impact of a parasite that selectively infects juvenile prey individuals and prevents them from maturing into adults. The model is inspired by the Ligula intestinalis tape worm and its cyprinid fish host Rutilis rutilis...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26116455/experimental-cerebral-and-non-cerebral-coenurosis-in-goats-a-comparative-study-on-the-morphological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-the-parasite
#5
Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Moazeni, Ahmad Oryan, Hassan Sharifiyazdi, Omidreza Amrabadi
This experimental study was conducted to test whether cerebral and non-cerebral forms of Coenurus cerebralis belong to one origin or they are originated from two different tape worms. In the first step of the study, two groups of dogs were orally infected with the protoscoleces of cerebral and non-cerebral cysts and four months after infection, the adult worms were collected and morphologically characterized. Then the obtained eggs from two groups of adult worms were orally inoculated to two groups of goats to trace the predilection sites and also to compare the morphological and molecular characteristics of the larval stage of the parasites...
July 30, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26004729/parasiticidal-and-brine-shrimp-cytotoxicity-potential-of-crude-methanolic-extract-of-rind-of-punica-granatum-linn-against-round-worms-and-tape-worms
#6
Niaz Ali, Ayesha Jamil, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Ismail Shah, Ghayour Ahmed, Muhammad Junaid, Zahoor Ahmed
Rind of Punica granatum is traditionally used for anthelmintic purposes. The current work describes the possible anthelmintic activity of crude methanolic extract of Punica granatum (Pg. Cr) against round worms (Ascaridia galli) and the tape worms (Raillietina spiralis). Brine shrimp cytotoxicity is also performed. Brine shrimp cytotoxic activity was tested using different concentrations (1000 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL and 10 μg/mL) of Pg.Cr. In vitro anthelmintic activity of Pg. Cr was determined against the parasites using albendazole and piperazine citrate as standard anthelmintic drugs in concentration 10 mg/ml...
May 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25575011/cysticercosis-of-the-tongue
#7
B P Sharma, F Gaunt, B Sigdel
Cysticercosis is a condition in which a human being acts as the intermediate host of Taenia solium, a pork tape worm. The oral mucosa is an uncommonly involved site. A rurally living 35 year old vegetarian female presented with a swelling over the right side of her tongue of seven months duration. Histopathology of excisional biopsy revealed it to be cysticercosis. Diagnosis of cysticercosis was clinically unsuspected. The patient was referred to the general medical clinic for further treatment.
May 2014: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24977430/a-case-of-hymenolepis-diminuta-rat-tape-worm-infestation-in-a-child
#8
V P Sinhabahu, T M Perera, S Samarasinghe, N Nanayakkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24472770/oxyuris-equi-lack-of-efficacy-in-treatment-with-macrocyclic-lactones
#9
Denis Wolf, Carlos Hermosilla, Anja Taubert
Whilst anthelminthic resistance of small strongyles is well documented, anthelmintic failures against infections with Oxyuris equi have scarcely been published so far. We describe two cases of equine oxyurosis and the anthelminthic failure of macrocyclic lactones (moxidectin, ivermectin) resulting in persistent O. equi infections with continuous egg shedding. The horses were kept in two different herds in the federal state of Hessia, Germany. Herd A kept two geldings: an 8-year-old Welsh-Cob-Mix and a 7-year-old Haflinger...
March 17, 2014: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24305891/time-lapse-video-tape-documentation-of-chemical-orientation-byschistosoma-mansoni-in-vitro
#10
E L Schiller, D Shirazian, J E Childs
In vitro, the opposite sexes ofS. mansoni are attracted to each other by some means of premating communication which culminates in aggregation and copulation of sexual pairs within 24 hr. The system used for time-lapse video tape documentation of worm sexual behavior in vitro is described and evidence of sexual chemoattraction is presented.
August 1986: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24199383/-lethal-alveolar-echinococcosis-in-a-dog-clinical-symptoms-and-pathology
#11
Anja Meyer, Franz J Conraths, Christiane Schneemann, Volker Wienrich, Olivia Kershaw, Achim D Gruber
Epidemiological data indicate a progressing spread of the fox tapeworm in Germany. Here we report on a case of lethal alveolar echinococcosis in a dog from Brandenburg. The patient was clinically presented with abdominal distension. Ultrasonic examination revealed severe structural alterations of the liver and in a fine needle aspiration cytology larval tape worm fragments were suspected. Explorative laparotomy suggested inoperable lesions and the animal was euthanized with unfavorable prognosis. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis of hepatic echinococcosis...
September 2013: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24097462/health-profile-of-school-children-in-bhaktapur
#12
S Pandey, I Dudani, A Pradhan
Objectives: To find out the existing common health problems among school children and to arouse health consciousness among the children. Material and methods: All the students studying in Mandev Amrit Smriti School, Jhaukhel VDC of Bhaktapur District were included in the sample. The methods used were the interview, clinical history and check-up for provisional diagnosis. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to record information regarding name, age, sex, standard in which s/he was studying, physical examination/ personal hygiene, anthropometric measurements, clinical findings, provisional diagnosis etc...
2005: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23964822/carbon-ternary-alloy-carbon-optical-stack-on-mylar-as-an-optical-data-storage-medium-to-potentially-replace-magnetic-tape
#13
Hao Wang, Barry M Lunt, Richard J Gates, Matthew C Asplund, V Shutthanandan, Robert C Davis, Matthew R Linford
A novel write-once-read-many (WORM) optical stack on Mylar tape is proposed as a replacement for magnetic tape for archival data storage. This optical tape contains a cosputtered bismuth-tellurium-selenium (BTS) alloy as the write layer sandwiched between thin, protective films of reactively sputtered carbon. The composition and thickness of the BTS layer were confirmed by Rutherford Backscattering (RBS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. The C/BTS/C stack on Mylar was written to/marked by 532 nm laser pulses...
September 11, 2013: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23950071/a-severe-case-of-cutaneous-myiasis-in-s%C3%A3-o-gon%C3%A3-alo-brazil-and-a-simple-technique-to-extract-new-world-screw-worm-cochliomyia-hominivorax-coquerel-diptera-calliphoridae
#14
J A Batista-da-Silva, G E M Borja, M M C Queiroz
This work describes a severe case of myiasis by Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) in a 59-year-old patient living in an urban area of São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro. The patient had an open wound on the right shoulder parasitized by 287 larvae. In order to remove the larvae, the wound was washed with NaCl and solid vaseline was applied onto the wound and covered with gauze and adhesive tape. After 90 min, the larvae were killed by asphyxiation and were removed using sterile forceps and NaCl. This procedure left the wound completely clean...
August 2012: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23710098/current-status-of-human-taeniasis-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#15
Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Tai-Soon Yong, Woon-Mok Sohn, Jong-Yil Chai, Duk-Young Min, Cheong-Ha Yun, Han-Jong Rim, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Virasack Banouvong, Bounnaloth Insisiengmay, Bounlay Phommasack, Keeseon S Eom
Human taeniasis was investigated in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) between 2000 and 2011 as part of the nation's helminthiasis survey. A total of 55,038 inhabitants, including 29,846 school children, were examined using the Kato-Katz and scotch-tape anal swab method, and morphological observation of adult worms. Molecular identification of Taenia tapeworms was performed by multiplex PCR or DNA sequence analysis of the mitochondrial cox1 gene. Taenia eggs were present at a rate of 1.5% (845/55,038) in the subject population...
April 2013: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22906211/genetic-variation-in-mitochondrial-dna-among-enterobius-vermicularis-in-denmark
#16
Mario Rodrıguez Ferrero, Dennis Röser, Henrik Vedel Nielsen, Annette Olsen, Peter Nejsum
Despite being the most prevalent nematode infections of man in Western Europe and North America, our knowledge of the genetic variability in Enterobius vermicularis is fragmented. We here report on a genetic study of pinworms in Denmark, performed using the cytochrome oxidase I (cox1) gene, with DNA extracted from individual eggs collected from clinical (human) samples. We collected cellophane-tape-test samples positive for pinworm eggs from 14 Departments of Clinical Microbiology in Denmark and surface-sterilized the eggs using a 1% hypochlorite solution before performing conventional PCR...
January 2013: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22557385/experimental-evaluation-of-anthelmintic-and-purgative-activity-of-myrsine-africana-fruits
#17
H K Kakrani, G A Kalyani
The aqueous and ethanolic extract of Myrsine africana fruits was evaluated for their anthelmintic activity against tape, hook, nodular and earthworms. The ethanolic extract was found to possess considerable lethal action against tape worms but it was not significant against the other helminths, Similarly ethereal, alcoholic and aqueous extracts of the fruits were tested for their purgative activity using albino rats. Tho ethanolic extract had marked purgative activity.
October 1983: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22556530/anthelmintic-activity-of-the-essential-oil-of-artemisia-pallens-wall
#18
S Nakhare, S C Garg
Helminthic infections are now being recognized as the cause of much chronic ill health and sluggishness among the tropical people. More than half of the world populations suffers from worm infections of one type or the other. Traditional system of medicine reports the efficacy of chenopodiul oil, Embelia ribes (Via-Varang), Trachyspermum ammi Ajwain and Biper betle (Pan) oils etc. for eliminating helminthes. The present study reports the strong anthelmintic activity of the essential oil of Artemisia pallens Wall...
January 1991: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22330785/comparison-of-traditional-and-pcr-methods-during-screening-for-and-confirmation-of-aspiculuris-tetraptera-in-a-mouse-facility
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vandana S Dole, Julia Zaias, Danielle M Kyricopoulos-Cleasby, Laila A Banu, Linda L Waterman, Kevin Sanders, Kenneth S Henderson
Pinworm detection in laboratory rodents typically is accomplished by using the tape test or various modifications of fecal flotation test to detect eggs. Direct examination of intestinal contents remains the 'gold standard' for pinworm detection, with the limitation of euthanasia of animals. Here, we compare traditional and real-time PCR methodologies during screening for and confirming the presence of Aspiculuris tetraptera. Two sets of pooled fecal samples collected from each of 521 microisolation cages in a mouse facility suspected to be pinworm-positive were tested by PCR and fecal flotation methods...
November 2011: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22126922/constructing-a-low-budget-laser-axotomy-system-to-study-axon-regeneration-in-c-elegans
#20
Wes Williams, Paola Nix, Michael Bastiani
Laser axotomy followed by time-lapse microscopy is a sensitive assay for axon regeneration phenotypes in C. elegans(1). The main difficulty of this assay is the perceived cost ($25-100K) and technical expertise required for implementing a laser ablation system(2,3). However, solid-state pulse lasers of modest costs (<$10K) can provide robust performance for laser ablation in transparent preparations where target axons are "close" to the tissue surface. Construction and alignment of a system can be accomplished in a day...
2011: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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