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tape worm

B L Xu, H W Zhang, Y Deng, Z L Chen, W Q Chen, D L Lu, Y L Zhang, Y L Zhao, X M Lin, Q Huang, C Y Yang, Y Liu, R M Zhou, P Li, J S Chen, L J He, D Qian
Objective: To understand the prevalence of major human parasitic diseases and related factors in Henan province. Methods: This stratified sampling survey was carried out according to the requirement of national survey protocol of major human parasitic diseases, 2014-2015. The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths infection, taeniasis and intestinal protozoiasis were surveyed in 104 sites selected from 35 counties (districts) and the prevalence of clonorchiasis was surveyed in 62 sites selected from 37 townships...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Ayesha Mughal, Muhammad Saeed Minhas, Anisuddin Bhatti, Farooq Ahmed Moghul, Muhammad Muzzammil Sangani, Kashif Mehmood Khan, Afaq Alam, Mukesh Kumar, Amna Mughal
Hydatid disease is helminthic infection caused by tape worm echinococcus granulosis. It commonly involves liver (65-75%) and the lungs (25 to 30%). Involvement of bones and skeletal muscle is very rare, i.e. 3 to 5%. This is the report of a 21-year girl, city resident, presented with mass involving left proximal thigh. The mass was painless and had gradually increased in size over three years. MRI revealed solid cum cystic lesion in vastus medialis muscle. Tru-Cut needle biopsy of the lesion revealed necrotic material...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Farzad Kakaei, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Kawsar Tarvirdizade
INTRODUCTION: Echinococcus granulosus is a parasitic tape worm. The definitive host is the dog and humans are one of its intermediate hosts. It involves organs such as liver and lungs. Uterus involvement is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We here report a case of primary uterus hydatid cyst that we had to remove her uterine on left ovary and fallopian tube. Generalized toxic shock and infection due to cyst rupture or organ dysfunction due to invasion (like our patient) or pressure of cyst are complications of this cyst...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Xi Chen, Lei Liu, Meng Huo, Min Zeng, Liao Peng, Anchao Feng, Xiaosong Wang, Jinying Yuan
A one-step synthesis of nanotubes by RAFT dispersion polymerization of cyclodextrin/styrene (CD/St) complexes directly in water is presented. The resulted amphiphilic PEG-b-PS diblock copolymers self-assemble in situ into nanoparticles with various morphologies. Spheres, worms, lamellae, and nanotubes were controllably obtained. Because of the complexation, the swelling degree of polystyrene (PS) blocks by free St is limited, resulting in limited mobility of PS chains. Consequently, kinetically trapped lamellae and nanotubes were obtained instead of spherical vesicles...
December 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Raheleh Rafiei Sefiddashti, Behnam Sanei, Morteza Yousefi, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Hydatid cyst is the larval stage of dog tape worm Echinococcus granulosus. Protoscolices are parasite larvae that develop into adult worms in the final host intestine. During surgical treatment of human hydatidsosis spillage of live protoscolices is the major cause of hydatidosis recurrence. To prevent this problem scolicidal agent such as hypertonic salt are used to kill the protoscolices that may disseminate into the patient's tissues during surgery. However, they may have some unacceptable side effects. To find scolicidal agents with high efficacy, the effect of different compounds on protoscolices of hydatid cyst in vitro has been reviewed...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Alfred Maroyi
Bridelia micrantha is traditionally used in tropical Africa to treat a wide range of human and animal diseases. The aim of this study was to summarise the research that has been done on the ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of B. micrantha so as to understand its importance and potential value in primary healthcare systems. The literature search for information on ethnomedicinal uses and pharmacological activities of B. micrantha was undertaken using databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central (BMC), PubMed and Springerlink...
September 8, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Noora Saeed, Aaliya Ehsan, Shaista M Vasenwala
Cysticercosis is caused by the larval form of Taenia solium tape worm, cysticercus cellulose. The life cycle of T. solium consists of 2 host, the definite host is a man who harbours the adult forms of the worm in the intestine, while the intermediate host is the pig, where the larval form (cysticercus cellulose) is found in the skeletal muscle. Cysticercosis develops when human beings incidentally become the intermediate host and the eggs mature within their small intestine. The route of entry of the eggs into the human intestine may occur through autoinfection or by ingestion of contaminated food or water...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Elsawi Osman, Ziauddin Khan, Abdulmenem Abualsel, Tanweer Bhatty
Hydatid disease caused by the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus is a rare occurrence in the urinary system in general. We are hereby presenting a case of a gentleman in his fourth decade with a giant right renal hydatid cyst. The clinical manifestations, radiological features, and serology were all not suggestive of hydatid disease; however, typical Echinococcus scolices were detected histologically following cyst aspiration. The giant cyst was successfully treated laparoscopically.
October 2016: Urology Annals
Zahra Dorosti, Sepideh Tolouei, Hossein Khanahmad, Rasool Jafari, Fereshteh Jafaee, Seyedeh Marayam Sharafi, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Cystic Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease with cosmopolitan distribution caused by the tape worm Echinococcus granulosus. Fibrous layer is developed around the cyst as a host immune response reaction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of IL-4 gene expression in fibrous layer of bovine and ovine hepatic hydatid cysts using quantitative technique of Real-Time PCR. In this descriptive study the samples of hydatid cyst fibrous layer were taken from 6 bovine and 6 ovine hepatic hydatid cysts. Samples of normal liver tissue close to the cyst were also taken as controls...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Sharat Agarwal, Mohammad Nasim Akhtar
INTRODUCTION: Cysticercosis is an infection by the larval stage (cystcercus cellulosae) of the cestode, Taenia Solium (pork tape worm). It occurs especially in those individuals who live in the endemic areas. After gaining entry into the body, the larva become encysted and may lie in subcutaneous tissue, striated muscle, vitreous humor, or other tissues. CASE REPORT: We report an unusual case of cysticercosis of the Extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) muscle, which presented as localized swelling at the lateral aspect of elbow...
October 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Afshin Shafaghi, Kambiz Akhavan Rezayat, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Alireza Amir Maafi
BACKGROUND: Taenia saginata and Taenia solium species are worldwide in distribution, causing bovine and porcine cysticercosis, and taeniasis in humans having the greatest economic and medical importance. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman living in a village around Rasht (northern Iran) was referred to our hospital with a history of chronic abdominal pain and recent dyspepsia and epigastric fullness. According to her clinical history, she was a candidate for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
2015: American Journal of Case Reports
Maarten C Boerlijst, André M de Roos
The role of diseases and parasites has received relatively little attention in modelling ecological dynamics despite mounting evidence of their importance in structuring communities. In contrast to predators, parasites do not necessarily kill their host but instead they may change host life history. Here, we study the impact of a parasite that selectively infects juvenile prey individuals and prevents them from maturing into adults. The model is inspired by the Ligula intestinalis tape worm and its cyprinid fish host Rutilis rutilis...
2015: PloS One
Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Moazeni, Ahmad Oryan, Hassan Sharifiyazdi, Omidreza Amrabadi
This experimental study was conducted to test whether cerebral and non-cerebral forms of Coenurus cerebralis belong to one origin or they are originated from two different tape worms. In the first step of the study, two groups of dogs were orally infected with the protoscoleces of cerebral and non-cerebral cysts and four months after infection, the adult worms were collected and morphologically characterized. Then the obtained eggs from two groups of adult worms were orally inoculated to two groups of goats to trace the predilection sites and also to compare the morphological and molecular characteristics of the larval stage of the parasites...
July 30, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
Niaz Ali, Ayesha Jamil, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Ismail Shah, Ghayour Ahmed, Muhammad Junaid, Zahoor Ahmed
Rind of Punica granatum is traditionally used for anthelmintic purposes. The current work describes the possible anthelmintic activity of crude methanolic extract of Punica granatum (Pg. Cr) against round worms (Ascaridia galli) and the tape worms (Raillietina spiralis). Brine shrimp cytotoxicity is also performed. Brine shrimp cytotoxic activity was tested using different concentrations (1000 μg/mL, 100 μg/mL and 10 μg/mL) of Pg.Cr. In vitro anthelmintic activity of Pg. Cr was determined against the parasites using albendazole and piperazine citrate as standard anthelmintic drugs in concentration 10 mg/ml...
May 2015: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
B P Sharma, F Gaunt, B Sigdel
Cysticercosis is a condition in which a human being acts as the intermediate host of Taenia solium, a pork tape worm. The oral mucosa is an uncommonly involved site. A rurally living 35 year old vegetarian female presented with a swelling over the right side of her tongue of seven months duration. Histopathology of excisional biopsy revealed it to be cysticercosis. Diagnosis of cysticercosis was clinically unsuspected. The patient was referred to the general medical clinic for further treatment.
May 2014: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
V P Sinhabahu, T M Perera, S Samarasinghe, N Nanayakkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Ceylon Medical Journal
Denis Wolf, Carlos Hermosilla, Anja Taubert
Whilst anthelminthic resistance of small strongyles is well documented, anthelmintic failures against infections with Oxyuris equi have scarcely been published so far. We describe two cases of equine oxyurosis and the anthelminthic failure of macrocyclic lactones (moxidectin, ivermectin) resulting in persistent O. equi infections with continuous egg shedding. The horses were kept in two different herds in the federal state of Hessia, Germany. Herd A kept two geldings: an 8-year-old Welsh-Cob-Mix and a 7-year-old Haflinger...
March 17, 2014: Veterinary Parasitology
E L Schiller, D Shirazian, J E Childs
In vitro, the opposite sexes ofS. mansoni are attracted to each other by some means of premating communication which culminates in aggregation and copulation of sexual pairs within 24 hr. The system used for time-lapse video tape documentation of worm sexual behavior in vitro is described and evidence of sexual chemoattraction is presented.
August 1986: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Anja Meyer, Franz J Conraths, Christiane Schneemann, Volker Wienrich, Olivia Kershaw, Achim D Gruber
Epidemiological data indicate a progressing spread of the fox tapeworm in Germany. Here we report on a case of lethal alveolar echinococcosis in a dog from Brandenburg. The patient was clinically presented with abdominal distension. Ultrasonic examination revealed severe structural alterations of the liver and in a fine needle aspiration cytology larval tape worm fragments were suspected. Explorative laparotomy suggested inoperable lesions and the animal was euthanized with unfavorable prognosis. Pathology confirmed the diagnosis of hepatic echinococcosis...
September 2013: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
S Pandey, I Dudani, A Pradhan
Objectives: To find out the existing common health problems among school children and to arouse health consciousness among the children. Material and methods: All the students studying in Mandev Amrit Smriti School, Jhaukhel VDC of Bhaktapur District were included in the sample. The methods used were the interview, clinical history and check-up for provisional diagnosis. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to record information regarding name, age, sex, standard in which s/he was studying, physical examination/ personal hygiene, anthropometric measurements, clinical findings, provisional diagnosis etc...
2005: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
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