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Dipylidium caninum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173542/regression-models-to-assess-the-risk-factors-of-canine-gastrointestinal-parasitism
#1
I Symeonidou, A Ι Gelasakis, K V Arsenopoulos, R Schaper, E Papadopoulos
Gastrointestinal parasites, protozoa and helminths, remain a common important finding in dogs presented to veterinary medical practices. Moreover, dogs may play an active role in the transmission of enteric parasites to humans, given their cohabitation, making canine gastrointestinal parasitism an issue of major concern for public health. To get an overview of the current state of canine gastrointestinal parasites' prevalence in Greece, a total of 1036 faecal samples were collected from dogs either presented in veterinary clinics or in animal shelters...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150700/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-companion-dogs-with-diarrhea-in-beijing-china-and-genetic-characteristics-of-giardia-and-cryptosporidium-species
#2
Zhongjia Yu, Yang Ruan, Mengjie Zhou, Siyuan Chen, Yinxin Zhang, Liya Wang, Guan Zhu, Yonglan Yu
Companion animals including dogs are one of the important components in One Health. Parasites may cause not only diseases in pet animals but also many zoonotic diseases infecting humans. In this study, we performed a survey of intestinal parasites in fecal specimens (n = 485) collected from outpatient pet dogs with diarrhea in Beijing, China, for the entire year of 2015 by microscopic examination (all parasites) and SSU rRNA-based nested PCR detection (Giardia and Cryptosporidium). We observed a total of 124 (25...
November 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143662/heat-treatment-and-false-positive-heartworm-antigen-testing-in-ex-vivo-parasites-and-dogs-naturally-infected-by-dirofilaria-repens-and-angiostrongylus-vasorum
#3
Luigi Venco, Simone Manzocchi, Marco Genchi, Laura H Kramer
BACKGROUND: Heartworm antigen testing is considered sensitive and specific. Currently available tests are reported as detecting a glycoprotein found predominantly in the reproductive tract of the female worm and can reach specificity close to 100%. Main concerns regard sensitivity in the case of light infections, the presence of immature females or cases of all-male infections. Research and development have been aimed at increasing sensitivity. Recently, heat treatment of serum prior to antigen testing has been shown to result in an increase in positive antigen test results, presumably due to disruption of natural antigen-antibody complexes...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080756/diagnostic-strategies-to-reveal-covert-infections-with-intestinal-helminths-in-dogs
#4
Chris Adolph, Sharon Barnett, Melissa Beall, Jason Drake, David Elsemore, Jennifer Thomas, Susan Little
Intestinal helminths are common in dogs in the United States, particularly non-treated dogs in animal shelters, but surveys by fecal flotation may underestimate their prevalence. To determine the prevalence of intestinal helminths and evaluate the ability of fecal flotation and detection of nematode antigen to identify those infections, contents of the entire gastrointestinal tract of 97 adult (>1year) dogs previously identified for humane euthanasia at two animal control shelters in northeastern Oklahoma, USA, were screened...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034414/occurrence-and-zoonotic-potential-of-endoparasites-in-cats-of-cyprus-and-a-new-distribution-area-for-troglostrongylus-brevior
#5
Anastasia Diakou, Dimitra Sofroniou, Angela Di Cesare, Panagiotis Kokkinos, Donato Traversa
The present study investigated for the first time the occurrence of pulmonary and intestinal parasites of cats in Cyprus. Cats from five districts of Cyprus (Lefkosia, Lemesos, Larnaka, Pafos and Ammochostos) were examined by classical parasitological methods and the identity of lungworm larvae, whenever present, was confirmed by PCR-coupled sequencing. A total of 185 cats, 48 living exclusively indoors and 137 with outdoor access, were included in the study. Parasites were found in 66 (35.7%) of the examined cats, i...
December 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761492/gastrointestinal-helminths-and-ectoparasites-in-the-stray-cats-felidae-felis-catus-of-ahar-municipality-northwestern-iran
#6
Mohammad Yakhchali, Nasser Hajipour, Reza Malekzadeh-Viayeh, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Taher Nemati-Haravani, Mohammad Fathollahzadeh, Rasool Jafari
BACKGROUND: The stray cats are considered as the sources of emerging humans and domestic livestock pathogens and the zoonoses of public health importance. The present study was aimed to elucidate intestinal helminth infections and infestation with ectoparasites of the stray cats of Ahar City, northwestern Iran. METHODS: Totally, 51 stray cats were randomly trapped from different parts of the city between Mar and Nov 2013. The cats were assessed for ectoparasites by hair brushing, skin scraping, acetate tape preparation and othic swabs...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724438/synergy-between-dinotefuran-and-fipronil-against-the-cat-flea-ctenocephalides-felis-improved-onset-of-action-and-residual-speed-of-kill-in-adult-cats
#7
Romain Delcombel, Hamadi Karembe, Bakela Nare, Audrey Burton, Julian Liebenberg, Josephus Fourie, Marie Varloud
BACKGROUND: The cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (C. felis), is a cosmopolitan hematophagous ectoparasite, and is considered to be the most prevalent flea species in both Europe and the USA. Clinical signs frequently associated with flea bites include pruritus, dermatitis and in severe cases even pyodermatitis and alopecia. Ctenocephalides felis is also a vector for several pathogens and is an intermediate host for the cestode Dipylidium caninum. Treatment of cats with a fast-acting pulicide, that is persistently effective in protecting the animal against re-infestation, is therefore imperative to their health...
July 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691033/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-other-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-domestic-cats-from-households-in-thika-region-kenya
#8
Adele Nyambura Njuguna, John Maina Kagira, Simon Muturi Karanja, Maina Ngotho, Lucy Mutharia, Naomi Wangari Maina
Gastrointestinal (GIT) parasites of domestic cats (Felis catus) not only cause morbidity but are also potential zoonotic agents. The current study aimed at establishing the prevalence of GIT parasites in cats kept by households in Thika region, Kenya. Fecal samples were collected randomly from 103 cats and analyzed for presence of parasites using standard parasitological methods. In descending order, the prevalence of the detected protozoa parasites was Isospora spp. 43.7% (95% CI: 40.4-47%), Cryptosporidium spp...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678896/gastrointestinal-parasites-in-stray-and-shelter-cats-in-the-municipality-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#9
Pâmela Figueiredo Pereira, Alynne da Silva Barbosa, Ana Paula Pereira de Moura, Marcelo Leitão Vasconcellos, Claudia Maria Antunes Uchôa, Otílio Machado Pereira Bastos, Maria Regina Reis Amendoeira
The increasingly urban nature of the population has led many people to choose independent pets, such as cats. This situation has also made it possible for these animals to be abandoned, thus increasing the numbers of cats on the streets and in shelters. These animals can act as a source of infection for other hosts. Between 2014 and 2015, the frequency of gastrointestinal parasites in captive and stray cats in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro was analyzed. Ninety-one fecal samples were collected from captive cats and 172 from stray cats...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664702/invasive-forms-of-canine-endoparasites-as-a-potential-threat-to-public-health-a-review-and-own-studies
#10
REVIEW
Mirosława Felsmann, Mirosław Michalski, Mariusz Felsmann, Rajmund Sokół, Józef Szarek, Emilia Strzyżewska-Worotyńska
[b]Abstract [/b] Dogs serve as the vectors of serious zoonotic parasitic diseases. In the month of May 2012 - 2014, 339 dog faeces samples from seven public sites in Chełmno, a town in northern Poland, were collected and examined to determine the gastrointestinal parasite fauna of dogs. Each faecal sample was dissected with a needle, checked for tapeworm segments and examined for parasite eggs and oocysts using the flotation and decantation method and a modified Baermann technique. Differences were observed in the degree of parasite species occurrence...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606323/coprodiagnosis-of-echinococcus-granulosus-infection-in-dogs-from-ankara-turkey
#11
Hatice Öge, Semih Öge, Bahadır Gönenç, Oğuz Sarımehmetoğlu, Gökben Özbakış
The present study were undertaken to compare two isolation techniques (centrifugal flotation and sedimentation) for recovering taeniid eggs from faecal samples, to identify E. granulosus DNA from taeniid eggs by PCR, and to determine the prevalence of E. granulosus in dogs in villages. Faecal samples were collected from 100 dogs in Ankara province. Taenia spp. eggs were found in 27% of dogs faeces. Echinococcus granulosus-specific PCR was obtained in 14 (51.85%) of the taeniid eggs-positive samples. As well as finding Taenia eggs in dogs' faeces, we also found eggs of some helminthic parasites; such as Dipylidium caninum, Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Trichuris sp...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504099/zoonotic-intestinal-parasites-and-vector-borne-pathogens-in-italian-shelter-and-kennel-dogs
#12
Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Giulia Simonato, Rudi Cassini, Carmine Merola, Anastasia Diakou, Lénaïg Halos, Frederic Beugnet, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono
This study investigated the presence of zoonotic parasites and vector-borne pathogens in dogs housed in kennels and shelters from four sites of Italy. A total of 150 adoptable dogs was examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular methods. Overall 129 dogs (86%) were positive for one or more parasites and/or pathogens transmitted by ectoparasites. Forty-eight (32%) were positive for one infection, while 81 (54%) for more than one pathogen. The most common zoonotic helminths recorded were hookworms, roundworms and Capillaria aerophila, followed by mosquito-borne Dirofilaria spp...
April 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497745/preventive-efficacy-of-nexgard-spectra-%C3%A2-against-dipylidium-caninum-infection-in-dogs-using-a-natural-flea-ctenocephalides-felis-infestation-model
#13
Frédéric Beugnet, Leon Meyer, Josephus Fourie, Diane Larsen
The efficacy of a monthly oral endectocide product, NexGard Spectra(®) (Merial), a combination of afoxolaner and milbemycin oxime, was evaluated in a flea (Ctenocephalides felis) challenge model for the prevention of Dipylidium caninum tapeworm infection in dogs. The efficacy of treatment with NexGard Spectra(®) was assessed in 10 dogs following weekly flea infestation with metacestode naturally infected fleas and compared with that in 10 untreated control dogs. The 100 fleas deposited weekly on each dog were not removed until Day 35, allowing enough time for their ingestion...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285500/a-human-case-of-zoonotic-dog-tapeworm-dipylidium-caninum-eucestoda-dilepidiidae-in-china
#14
Peng Jiang, Xi Zhang, Ruo Dan Liu, Zhong Quan Wang, Jing Cui
We described a human case of zoonotic dog tapeworm, Dipylidium caninum (Eucestoda: Dilepidiidae), rarely occurring in China. The mother of a 17 month-old boy noted the appearance of small white and active worms over a month period in her son's feces, but the boy was asymptomatic except mild diarrhea. We observed 3 tapeworm proglottids resembling cucumber seeds in his stool sample. Microscopically, each proglottid had 2 genital pores, 1 on each lateral edge, and numerous egg capsules in the uterus. The patient was successfully treated with a single oral dose of praziquantel...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141857/intestinal-parasites-and-vector-borne-pathogens-in-stray-and-free-roaming-cats-living-in-continental-and-insular-greece
#15
Anastasia Diakou, Angela Di Cesare, Paolo Matteo Accettura, Luciano Barros, Raffaella Iorio, Barbara Paoletti, Antonio Frangipane di Regalbono, Lénaïg Halos, Frederic Beugnet, Donato Traversa
This survey investigated the distribution of various intestinal parasites and vector-borne pathogens in stray and free-roaming cats living in four regions of Greece. A total number of one hundred and fifty cats living in three Islands (Crete, Mykonos and Skopelos) and in Athens municipality was established as a realistic aim to be accomplished in the study areas. All cats were examined with different microscopic, serological and molecular assays aiming at evaluating the occurrence of intestinal parasites, and exposure to or presence of vector-borne infections...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122583/abundance-zoonotic-potential-and-risk-factors-of-intestinal-parasitism-amongst-dog-and-cat-populations-the-scenario-of-crete-greece
#16
Despoina Kostopoulou, Edwin Claerebout, Dimitrios Arvanitis, Panagiota Ligda, Nikolaos Voutzourakis, Stijn Casaert, Smaragda Sotiraki
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the prevalence and infection intensity of intestinal parasites in different dog and cat populations in Crete, Greece, estimate the zoonotic risk and identify risk factors. METHODS: Faecal samples from shelter, household and shepherd dogs and shelter and household cats were analyzed using sedimentation/flotation techniques. Giardia and Cryptosporidium were detected by a quantitative direct immunofluorescence assay (IFA)...
January 25, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956777/helminth-infections-in-domestic-dogs-from-russia
#17
REVIEW
T V Moskvina, A V Ermolenko
Dogs are the hosts for a wide helminth spectrum including tapeworms, flatworms, and nematodes. These parasites affect the dog health and cause morbidity and mortality, especially in young and old animals. Some species, as Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, and Echinococcus spp. are well-known zoonotic parasites worldwide, resulting in high public health risks. Poor data about canine helminth species and prevalence are available in Russia, mainly due to the absence of official guidelines for the control of dog parasites...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923556/moniezia-benedeni-and-moniezia-expansa-are-distinct-cestode-species-based-on-complete-mitochondrial-genomes
#18
Aijiang Guo
Moniezia spp. parasitize the intestines of ruminants, causing monieziasis. In this study, the complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes of M. benedeni and M. expansa have been determined, characterized and employed to test the hypothesis that M. benedeni and M. expansa are distinct species by phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated amino acid sequences derived from 12 protein-coding genes, inferred with Bayesian and Maximum-likelihood methods. The complete mt genomes of M. benedeni and M. expansa were 13,958bp and 13,934bp in size, respectively...
February 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876962/diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-of-dipylidium-caninum-in-dogs-a-case-report
#19
Vijesh Kumar Saini, Snehil Gupta, Arjun Kasondra, R L Rakesh, A Latchumikanthan
The present study is related to Dipylidium caninum infection in dogs. Three dogs about 1 year of age with the history of scooting behaviour and passing diarrhoeic stool containing white specks were presented before the clinicians. Physical examination of dogs revealed flea infestation and faecal examination revealed the presence of gravid segments, which were confirmed microscopically to be of cestode, D. caninum. Dogs were treated with Praziquantel@5 mg/kg body wt. orally. Dogs showed marked recovery post treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876926/a-survey-study-on-gastrointestinal-parasites-of-stray-cats-in-azarshahr-east-azerbaijan-province-iran
#20
Nasser Hajipour, Aabbas Imani Baran, Mohammad Yakhchali, Seyed Mehdi Banan Khojasteh, Farzam Sheikhzade Hesari, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Jafar Arjmand
Gastrointestinal parasites are among the most common parasitic infections found in stray cats, which might act potential helminthic parasites to domestic cats. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in stray cats in the city of Azarshahr, which is located in East Azerbaijan province, Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 50 necropsied stray cats, trapped and collected from different geographic regions of Azarshahr. From a total 50 stray cats examined, 15 (30 %) were female and 35 (70 %) were male...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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