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Dipylidium caninum

Whitni K Redman, Jay E Bryant, Gul Ahmad
AIM: This survey was carried out on the carcasses of 29 coyotes from Southeastern Nebraska and Shenandoah area of Iowa to document the helminths present in the intestinal track of these carnivorous animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 29 adult coyote carcasses were generously donated in the autumn and winter (November-February) of 2014-2015 by trappers, fur buyers and hunters of Southeast Nebraska and Shenandoah area of Iowa. The intestine of individual animals were examined for the recovery of helminth parasites as per the established procedures...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Aijiang Guo
BACKGROUND: The cloacal tapeworm Cloacotaenia megalops (Hymenolepididae) is one of the most common cestode parasites of domestic and wild ducks worldwide. However, limited information is available regarding its epidemiology, biology, genetics and systematics. This study provides characterisation of the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of C. megalops. METHODS: The complete mt genome of C. megalops was obtained by long PCR, sequenced and annotated. RESULTS: The length of the entire mt genome of C...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
N H A Curi, A M O Paschoal, R L Massara, H A Santos, M P Guimarães, M Passamani, A G Chiarello
Despite the ubiquity of domestic dogs, their role as zoonotic reservoirs and the large number of studies concerning parasites in urban dogs, rural areas in Brazil, especially those at the wildlife-domestic animal-human interface, have received little attention from scientists and public health managers. This paper reports a cross-sectional epidemiological survey of gastrointestinal parasites of rural dogs living in farms around Atlantic Forest fragments. Through standard parasitological methods (flotation and sedimentation), 13 parasite taxa (11 helminths and two protozoans) were found in feces samples from dogs...
August 15, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Eligia Rodríguez-Ponce, Jorge F González, Magnolia Conde de Felipe, Julia N Hernández, J Raduan Jaber
The presence of zoonotic parasites in feral cats have been widely considered all over the world. In Gran Canaria (Macaronesian archipelago, Canary Islands, Spain) the number of feral cats has grown out of control in urban and rural areas. 48 of Felis catus captured in different Gran Canaria areas were studied. Animals were necropsied and several organs were systematically examined in order to collect and identify macroscopic parasites. In addition, coprological tests were done in 28 cats. There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence rate among sex, age or capture area, showing an overall prevalence of helminths of 77...
September 1, 2016: Acta Parasitologica
Sherry Ama Mawuko Johnson, Daniel Waweru Gakuya, Paul Gichohi Mbuthia, John Demesi Mande, Ndichu Maingi
Toxocariosis and ancylostomosis remain the most important parasitic infections affecting companion animals worldwide and pose a risk to animal and human health. Information on these infections in dogs in Ghana is inadequate. A cross sectional study was undertaken to determine the occurrence of gastrointestinal helminths infections and management practices of dogs in the Greater Accra Region (GAR) of Ghana. Faecal samples were obtained from 380 dogs from communities in 11 out of 16 districts in the GAR. Coprological examination of the samples was performed using the modified McMaster technique...
September 2015: Heliyon
Aman Dev Moudgil, S Mittra, R K Agnihotri, Devina Sharma, Divya Sen
A total of 246 faecal/scat samples of the dogs were screened by direct and floatation concentration technique to study the gastrointestinal (GI) tract parasitism in dogs of Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Detailed coprological examination targeting different seasons, age groups and living styles of the dogs revealed an overall 28.04 % of GI parasitism with highest prevalence in summer season (37.87 %). Stray dogs harbored 47.29 % GI parasites in comparison to 19.19 % of pet dogs. Highest prevalence of GI parasitism was observed in the pups, below 3 months of age (39...
June 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Maria Fernanda Melo Monteiro, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Andréa Maria Campos Calado, Victor Fernando Santana Lima, Ingrid Carla do Nascimento Ramos, Rodrigo Ferreira Lima Tenório, Maria Aparecida da Glória Faustino, Leucio Câmara Alves
Gastrointestinal helminths are considered to be the most common parasites affecting cats worldwide. Correct diagnosis of these parasites in animals living in urban areas is pivotal, especially considering the zoonotic potential of some species (e.g. Ancylostoma sp. and Toxocara sp.). In this study, a copromicroscopic survey was conducted using fecal samples (n = 173) from domestic cats living in the northeastern region of Brazil. Samples were examined through the FLOTAC technique and the overall results showed positivity of 65...
April 12, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Rolf K Schuster, Murad Basheer Mustafa, Jagadeesan Vijay Baskar, Joseph Rosentel, S Theodore Chester, Martin Knaus
Cats are host to dipylidiid cestodes of the genera Diplopylidium, Dipylidium and Joyeuxiella. Broadline(®), a topical broad-spectrum combination parasiticide containing fipronil (8.3 % w/v), (S)-methoprene (10 % w/v), eprinomectin (0.4 % w/v) and the cestocide praziquantel (8.3 % w/v), has previously been shown to be efficacious against Dipylidium caninum and Diplopylidium spp. in cats. To evaluate its efficacy against Joyeuxiella species, a blinded clinical efficacy study was conducted according to GCP...
July 2016: Parasitology Research
A P Oliveira-Arbex, E B David, T C G Oliveira-Sequeira, S Katagiri, S T Coradi, S Guimarães
Hookworm infection stands out for its worldwide distribution and for its veterinary and public health relevance. Based on copromicroscopic examinations and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region, we assessed, respectively, the prevalence of intestinal parasites and the identification of canine hookworm species in faeces recovered from 278 dogs living in households of an inland municipality of São Paulo State, Brazil. Intestinal parasites were found in 67.3% of dogs and hookworm infection was found at the highest prevalence rate (56...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Helminthology
Oswaldo Margarito Torres-Chablé, Ricardo Alfonso García-Herrera, Melchor Hernández-Hernández, Jorge Alonso Peralta-Torres, Nadia Florencia Ojeda-Robertos, Bradley John Blitvich, Carlos Marcial Baak-Baak, Julián Everardo García-Rejón, Carlos Ignacio Machain-Wiliams
The overall goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in dogs in the city of Villahermosa in Tabasco, Mexico. The study population consisted of 302 owned dogs that had limited access to public areas. A fecal sample was collected from each animal and examined for GI parasites by conventional macroscopic analysis and centrifugal flotation. Fecal samples from 80 (26.5%) dogs contained GI parasites. Of these, 58 (19.2%) were positive for helminths and 22 (7.3%) were positive for protozoan parasites...
October 2015: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Susan Little, Chris Adolph, Kathryn Downie, Tim Snider, Mason Reichard
Fecal flotation is routinely used to identify feline helminth infections in clinical practice, but it is known to have limitations of sensitivity, particularly for cestodes. To determine the prevalence of helminths in a contemporary population of cats and evaluate the ability of fecal flotation to detect these infections, helminths were recovered from intestinal tracts removed from 116 adult cats humanely euthanized by an animal control shelter in northeastern Oklahoma. Results were compared to those of fecal flotation performed using both passive and centrifugal techniques...
November 2015: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Aijiang Guo
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial (mt) genome sequences are widely used to understand phylogenetic relationships among parasites. However, no complete mt genome sequence is available in the family Anoplocephalidae to date. This study sequenced and annotated the complete mt genome of Anoplocephala perfoliata (Anoplocephalidae), and investigated its phylogenetic relationships with other species from the families Hymenolepididae, Dipylidiidae and Taeniidae of the order Cyclophyllidea using the amino acid sequences of the 12 proteins in their mt genomes...
2015: Parasites & Vectors
Álvaro Luzio, Pablo Belmar, Ignacio Troncoso, Patricia Luzio, Alexis Jara, Ítalo Fernández
INTRODUCTION: The contamination of public squares and parks with dog feces poses a risk to the population, since it may contain parasitic elements of zoonotic importance. AIM: To identify human pathogenic parasites in samples of dog feces collected from parks and public squares. METHODS: 452 fecal dog samples collected from 65 squares and public parks were analyzed using the technique of Burrows. RESULTS: 60% (39/65) of the samples contained some parasitic forms with a zoonotic potential...
August 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
I Sahin, S Köz, M Atambay, U Kayabas, T Piskin, B Unal
We report the first case of dipylidiasis in a kidney transplant recipient. Watery diarrhea due to Dipylidium caninum was observed in a male patient who had been undergone kidney transplantation 2 years before. The patient was successfully treated with niclosamide. D. caninum should be considered as an agent of diarrhea in transplant patients.
September 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
N Takeuchi-Storm, H Mejer, M N S Al-Sabi, C S Olsen, S M Thamsborg, H L Enemark
The large population of feral cats in Denmark may potentially transmit pathogens to household cats and zoonotic parasites to humans. A total of 99 euthanized cats; feral cats (n=92) and household cats with outdoor access (n=7), were collected from March to May 2014 from the Zealand region, Denmark. The sedimentation and counting technique (SCT) was used to isolate helminths and coproscopy was done by concentration McMaster technique (c-McMaster). Overall, 90.1% of the cats were infected and a total of 10 species were recorded by SCT: 5 nematode species: Toxocara cati (84...
December 15, 2015: Veterinary Parasitology
Seyed Rasoul Emamapour, Hassan Borji, Abolghasem Nagibi
This research was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in stray dogs in the northeast of Iran, with special attention to those parasites that can be transmitted to human. In this experiment, a total of 72 adult and 18 juvenile stray dogs were collected and necropsied for the presence of helminth parasites from October 2011 to August 2012. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths was 86 % (95 % CI: 79.2-92.8 %). The observed helminths of the gastrointestinal tract were listed as follows: Toxocara canis (29 %), Toxascaris leonina (7 %), Ancylostoma caninum (2 %), Taenia hydatigena (43 %), Dipylidium caninum (39 %), Echinococcus granulosus (38 %), Mesocestoides lineatus (16 %), Taenia multiceps (11 %), Taenia ovis (3 %)...
June 2015: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Reza Nabavi, Kourosh Manouchehri Naeini, Nozhat Zebardast, Hossein Hashemi
BACKGROUND: The present study was carried out to describe the epidemiological aspects of gastrointestinal helminthic infections of canids in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province, the central western part of Iran. METHODS: Forty nine canid species including, dogs, jackals, foxes and wolves were included in this study. The contents of their alimentary canal were inspected in order to isolate and identify the parasitic helminthes of this system. To identify the worms, the Soulsbey and Anderson identification key and light microscopy were used...
April 2014: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Hao Li, Yong-nian Zhang, Shao-hong Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases
Z A Wani, I M Allaie, B M Shah, A Raies, H Athar, S Junaid
The present study pertains to the Dipylidium caninum infection in dogs infested with fleas. Twenty dogs were presented to the Divison of Surgery, SKUAST-K for different surgical procedures. Majority of the dogs had a history of pruritus, loss of weight as well as rubbing their perineal region against the wall. On external examination dogs were found infested with Ctenocephalides canis. When dogs were anesthetized, motile segments were seen coming out of their anus, which were then identified as mature segments of D...
March 2015: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
León Vélez-Hernández, Karen Lizbeth Reyes-Barrera, Daniela Rojas-Almaráz, Mónica Alicia Calderón-Oropeza, Julieta Karina Cruz-Vázquez, José Luis Arcos-García
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the zoonotic parasites prevalence in feral dog feces in Puerto Escondido. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The fecalism frecuency was estimated in ten zones. To identify the parasites parasitological flotation and direct smear methods were used. The parasitic prevalence was estimated in the canine feces. RESULTS: All the zones presented canine fecalism. The parasitic prevalence in the feces was 73.33%. The parasites with the highest prevalence were Toxocara canis (47...
November 2014: Salud Pública de México
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