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Sleep duration blood pressure

Nika Karimi, Marta Kelava, Perin Kothari, Nicole M Zimmerman, A Marc Gillinov, Andra E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) experience intermittent hypoxia, hypercarbia, and sympathetic activation during sleep, which increases risk for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and other cardiac arrhythmias. Whether patients with OSA experience increased episodes of atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery is unclear. We examined whether patients at increased risk for OSA, assessed by the STOP-BANG (snoring, tired during the day, observed stop breathing during sleep, high blood pressure, body mass index more than 35 kg/m, age more than 50 years, neck circumference more than 40 cm, and male gender) questionnaire, had a higher incidence of new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery...
March 12, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jing Xu, Ning Ding, Xilong Zhang, Nana Wang, Bing Sun, Rong Zhang, Xiaochen Xie, Zongren Wan, Yanli Gu, Shan Zhang, Yongqing Hong, Mao Huang, Zili Meng
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) can induce dramatic blood pressure (BP) fluctuations during sleep and it can be associated with hypertension. We investigated the properties and associated influential factors of BP fluctuation in severe OSAS with and without hypertension. METHODS: Two hundred one severe OSAS subjects were divided into hypertensive and normotensive groups. BP was continuously monitored via measurement of pulse transmit time (PTT)...
March 9, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Judette M Louis, Matthew A Koch, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Corette B Parker, Francesca L Facco, Susan Redline, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Judith H Chung, Grace W Pien, Robert C Basner, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Benjamin Carper, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in pregnancy, but there are limited data on predictors. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop predictive models of sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Nulliparous women completed validated questionnaires to assess for symptoms related to snoring, fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome. The questionnaires included questions regarding the timing of sleep and sleep duration, work schedules (eg, shift work, night work), sleep positions, and previously diagnosed sleep disorders...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
M Espadas, I Insa, M Chamorro, J A Alda-Diez
INTRODUCTION: The use of psychostimulants has been present in common medical practice since the 20th century and has undergone an exponential growth in terms of the number of prescriptions. AIM: To review the current state of knowledge about the side effects of psychostimulants in the child and teen populations. DEVELOPMENT: A review was performed by searching in different databases and included clinical analyses, observational prospective studies and systematic reviews...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Jessica Morand, Claire Arnaud, Jean-Louis Pepin, Diane Godin-Ribuot
We investigated the effects of intermittent hypoxia (IH), such as that encountered in severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, on the development and severity of myocardial ischemia-related ventricular arrhythmias. Rats were exposed to 14 days of IH (30 s at 5%O 2 and 30 s at 21%O 2 , 8 h·day -1 ) or normoxia (N, similar air-air cycles) and submitted to a 30-min coronary ligature. Arterial blood pressure (BP) and ECG were recorded for power spectral analysis, ECG interval measurement and arrhythmia quantification...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Daniel L R Kuetting, Andreas Feisst, Alois M Sprinkart, Rami Homsi, Julian Luetkens, Daniel Thomas, Hans H Schild, Darius Dabir
Fatigue and sleep deprivation are common phenomena, especially among medical professionals and shift workers. Studies have proven that short episodes of sleep deprivation can lead to sympathetic hyperactivity with an elevation in blood pressure, heart rate, and an increased secretion of stress hormones (e.g. cortisol, noradrenaline, thyroid hormones). In this study investigating cardiac strain in 20 healthy subjects undergoing short-term sleep deprivation, it could be shown for the first time that 24-hr-shift-related short-term sleep deprivation leads to a significant increase in cardiac contractility, blood pressure, heart rate and stress hormone secretion...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
Wyndham Kent Anger, Jason Kyler-Yano, Katie Vaughn, Bradley Wipfli, Ryan Olson, Magali Blanco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 14-week Total Worker Health (TWH) intervention designed for construction crews. METHODS: Supervisors (n = 22) completed computer-based training and self-monitoring activities on team building, work-life balance, and reinforcing targeted behaviors. Supervisors and workers (n = 13) also completed scripted safety and health education in small groups with practice activities. RESULTS: The intervention led to significant (P < 0...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Stuart F Quan, Daniel Combs, Sairam Parthasarathy
Introduction: Weekend oversleep or catchup sleep is a frequent occurrence in children, but there are relatively little data concerning its impact on weight and blood pressure. The aim of this study was to assess the association between sleep duration and oversleep, and weight and blood pressure in adolescents. Methods: Sleep duration, weight and blood pressure of 327 children (51.4% boys, mean age 13.3 ± 1.7 years) who had polysomnograms performed during both exam cycles of the Tucson Children's Assessment of Sleep Apnea study (TuCASA) were analyzed...
2018: Southwest Journal of Pulmonary & Critical Care
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Gina-Marie Barletta, Christopher Pierce, Mark Mitsnefes, Joshua Samuels, Bradley A Warady, Susan Furth, Joseph Flynn
Uncontrolled hypertension in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as one of the main factors contributing to progression of CKD and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Recent efforts to achieve better blood pressure (BP) control have been recommended. The primary objective of this analysis was to compare BP control over 2 time periods among participants enrolled in the CKiD study (Chronic Kidney Disease in Children). Casual BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitor data were compared among 851 participants during 2 time periods: January 1, 2005, through July 1, 2008 (period 1, n=345), and July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013 (period 2, n=506)...
March 2018: Hypertension
Matthieu Hein, Jean-Pol Lanquart, Gwénolé Loas, Philippe Hubain, Paul Linkowski
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of depression in individuals with type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in major depression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of type 2 diabetes in a large sample of individuals with major depression. METHODS: Data from 703 individuals with major depression recruited from the research database of the sleep laboratory of the Erasme Hospital were analysed...
November 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Dongming Wang, Yun Zhou, Yanjun Guo, Runbo Zhang, Wenzhen Li, Meian He, Xiaomin Zhang, Huan Guo, Jing Yuan, Tangchun Wu, Weihong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent and combined associations of sleep duration and sleep quality with hypertension in a middle-aged and older Chinese population. METHODS: We included 21,912 individuals aged 62.2 years at baseline from September 2008 to June 2010, and they were followed until October 2013. Sleep duration was self-reported and sleep quality was evaluated with questions designed according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg, or self-reported physician diagnosis of hypertension, or self-reported current use of antihypertensive medication...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
PURPOSE: To examine whether meeting sleep guidelines (7-9 hours/night) is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and reduced all-cause mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 423 adults. MEASURES: Sleep duration and HRQOL were assessed from self-report; covariates assessed via survey, examination, and laboratory data; and mortality assessed through 2011 via matching from the National Death Index...
January 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ya-Shu Chang, Brendon J Yee, Camilla M Hoyos, Keith K Wong, David R Sullivan, Ronald R Grunstein, Craig L Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Untreated obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs Trop-T) and B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) are sensitive biomarkers for myocardial injury and heart failure respectively. No randomised controlled trials have examined the treatment effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with OSA on these biomarkers. METHOD: Patients >21 years old with apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) ≥25/h by overnight polysomnography were recruited...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
Nami Chun, Myoungsuk Kim, Gie Ok Noh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a sleep improvement program combined with an aroma-necklace on sleep, depression, anxiety, and blood pressure in elderly women living at home. METHODS: A program consisting of a four-week (one hour per week) sleep improvement intervention plus use of an aroma-necklace, was developed based on Cox's Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior. 70 elderly women were assigned to the experimental (n=35) or control group with no intervention (n=35)...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Fatai Adesina Maruf, C C Ojukwu, M O Akindele
INTRODUCTION: Understanding lifestyle behavior among individuals with hypertension is important for achieving hypertension control. AIM: This study explored perception, knowledge, attitude and participation in physical activity (PA) among individuals with hypertension attending tertiary hospitals in a south-eastern Nigerian state. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 200 individuals with hypertension from the Out-Patient Departments of the two teaching hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria...
October 29, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
Freya MacMillan, Diana Karamacoska, Aymen El Masri, Kate A McBride, Genevieve Z Steiner, Amelia Cook, Gregory S Kolt, Nerida Klupp, Emma S George
To systematically review studies of health promotion intervention in the police force. Four databases were searched for articles reporting on prepost single and multigroup studies in police officers and trainees. Data were extracted and bias assessed to evaluate study characteristics, intervention design and the impact of interventions on health. Database searching identified 25 articles reporting on 21 studies relevant to the aims of this review. Few studies (n=3) were of long duration (≥6 months). Nine of 21 studies evaluated structured physical activity and/or diet programmes only, 5 studies used education and behaviour change support-only interventions, 5 combined structured programmes with education and behaviour change support, and 2 studies used computer prompts to minimise sedentary behaviour...
December 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
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