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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#1
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295853/is-blood-pressure-improving-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-period-analysis
#2
Gina-Marie Barletta, Christopher Pierce, Mark Mitsnefes, Joshua Samuels, Bradley A Warady, Susan Furth, Joseph Flynn
Uncontrolled hypertension in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as one of the main factors contributing to progression of CKD and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Recent efforts to achieve better blood pressure (BP) control have been recommended. The primary objective of this analysis was to compare BP control over 2 time periods among participants enrolled in the CKiD study (Chronic Kidney Disease in Children). Casual BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitor data were compared among 851 participants during 2 time periods: January 1, 2005, through July 1, 2008 (period 1, n=345), and July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013 (period 2, n=506)...
January 2, 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246639/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-type-2-diabetes-in-major-depression-a-study-on-703-individuals-referred-for-sleep-examinations
#3
Matthieu Hein, Jean-Pol Lanquart, Gwénolé Loas, Philippe Hubain, Paul Linkowski
BACKGROUND: Several studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors of depression in individuals with type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence and risk factors for type 2 diabetes in major depression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors of type 2 diabetes in a large sample of individuals with major depression. METHODS: Data from 703 individuals with major depression recruited from the research database of the sleep laboratory of the Erasme Hospital were analysed...
November 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#4
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221783/the-effect-of-sleep-duration-and-sleep-quality-on-hypertension-in-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort-study
#5
Dongming Wang, Yun Zhou, Yanjun Guo, Runbo Zhang, Wenzhen Li, Meian He, Xiaomin Zhang, Huan Guo, Jing Yuan, Tangchun Wu, Weihong Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent and combined associations of sleep duration and sleep quality with hypertension in a middle-aged and older Chinese population. METHODS: We included 21,912 individuals aged 62.2 years at baseline from September 2008 to June 2010, and they were followed until October 2013. Sleep duration was self-reported and sleep quality was evaluated with questions designed according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg, or self-reported physician diagnosis of hypertension, or self-reported current use of antihypertensive medication...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214822/meeting-sleep-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-health-related-quality-of-life-and-reduced-premature-all-cause-mortality-risk
#6
Paul D Loprinzi, Chelsea Joyner
PURPOSE: To examine whether meeting sleep guidelines (7-9 hours/night) is associated with better health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and reduced all-cause mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 2005 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 423 adults. MEASURES: Sleep duration and HRQOL were assessed from self-report; covariates assessed via survey, examination, and laboratory data; and mortality assessed through 2011 via matching from the National Death Index...
January 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157592/the-effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-troponin-t-and-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ya-Shu Chang, Brendon J Yee, Camilla M Hoyos, Keith K Wong, David R Sullivan, Ronald R Grunstein, Craig L Phillips
INTRODUCTION: Untreated obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs Trop-T) and B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) are sensitive biomarkers for myocardial injury and heart failure respectively. No randomised controlled trials have examined the treatment effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with OSA on these biomarkers. METHOD: Patients >21 years old with apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) ≥25/h by overnight polysomnography were recruited...
November 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151562/-effects-of-a-sleep-improvement-program-combined-with-aroma-necklace-on-sleep-depression-anxiety-and-blood-pressure-in-elderly-women
#8
Nami Chun, Myoungsuk Kim, Gie Ok Noh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a sleep improvement program combined with an aroma-necklace on sleep, depression, anxiety, and blood pressure in elderly women living at home. METHODS: A program consisting of a four-week (one hour per week) sleep improvement intervention plus use of an aroma-necklace, was developed based on Cox's Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior. 70 elderly women were assigned to the experimental (n=35) or control group with no intervention (n=35)...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082466/perception-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-physical-activity-behaviour-implications-for-participation-among-individuals-with-essential-hypertension
#9
Fatai Adesina Maruf, C C Ojukwu, M O Akindele
INTRODUCTION: Understanding lifestyle behavior among individuals with hypertension is important for achieving hypertension control. AIM: This study explored perception, knowledge, attitude and participation in physical activity (PA) among individuals with hypertension attending tertiary hospitals in a south-eastern Nigerian state. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 200 individuals with hypertension from the Out-Patient Departments of the two teaching hospitals in Anambra State, Nigeria...
October 29, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066612/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-intervention-studies-in-the-police-force-study-characteristics-intervention-design-and-impacts-on-health
#10
REVIEW
Freya MacMillan, Diana Karamacoska, Aymen El Masri, Kate A McBride, Genevieve Z Steiner, Amelia Cook, Gregory S Kolt, Nerida Klupp, Emma S George
To systematically review studies of health promotion intervention in the police force. Four databases were searched for articles reporting on prepost single and multigroup studies in police officers and trainees. Data were extracted and bias assessed to evaluate study characteristics, intervention design and the impact of interventions on health. Database searching identified 25 articles reporting on 21 studies relevant to the aims of this review. Few studies (n=3) were of long duration (≥6 months). Nine of 21 studies evaluated structured physical activity and/or diet programmes only, 5 studies used education and behaviour change support-only interventions, 5 combined structured programmes with education and behaviour change support, and 2 studies used computer prompts to minimise sedentary behaviour...
October 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#11
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061551/an-international-study-on-the-determinants-of-poor-sleep-amongst-15-000-users-of-connected-devices
#12
Guy Fagherazzi, Douae El Fatouhi, Alice Bellicha, Amin El Gareh, Aurélie Affret, Courtney Dow, Lidia Delrieu, Matthieu Vegreville, Alexis Normand, Jean-Michel Oppert, Gianluca Severi
BACKGROUND: Sleep is a modifiable lifestyle factor that can be a target for efficient intervention studies to improve the quality of life and decrease the risk or burden of some chronic conditions. Knowing the profiles of individuals with poor sleep patterns is therefore a prerequisite. Wearable devices have recently opened new areas in medical research as potential efficient tools to measure lifestyle factors such as sleep quantity and quality. OBJECTIVES: The goal of our research is to identify the determinants of poor sleep based on data from a large population of users of connected devices...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060173/relationship-between-heart-rate-excursion-and-apnea-duration-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Jordi Sola-Soler, Beatriz F Giraldo, Jose Antonio Fiz, Raimon Jane
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder with a high prevalence in the general population. It is a risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, and an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke. After an apnea episode, both arterial blood pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity change in function of the apnea duration (AD). We hypothesized that the relative excursion in heart rate (AHR), defined as the percentage difference between the maximum and the minimum heart rate values associated to an obstructive apnea event, is also related to AD...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059210/measures-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-activity-in-insomnia-disorder-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Marina-Marinela Nano, Pedro Fonseca, Rik Vullings, Ronald M Aarts
BACKGROUND: Insomnia disorder is a widespread sleep disorder with a prevalence of approximately 10%. Even though the link between insomnia and cardiovascular activity is not exactly clear, it is generally assumed that cardiovascular autonomic modifications could occur as a result of sleeplessness, or, alternatively, that autonomic alterations could be an expression of a hyper-arousal state. This review investigates whether cardiovascular measures are different between insomniacs and controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023169/associations-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-with-vision-threatening-diabetic-retinopathy-in-indonesian-population-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jogjakarta-eye-diabetic-study-in-the-community-joged-com
#15
D P Dharmastuti, A N Agni, F Widyaputri, S Pawiroranu, Z M Sofro, F S Wardhana, S Haryanto, T W Widayanti, S Kotha, P Gupta, M B Sasongko
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes adults. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study of adults with type 2 diabetes. DR was assessed from disc- and macula-centred fundus photograph, and categorised into mild, moderate non-proliferative DR (NPDR), and Vision-Threatening DR (VTDR). Worse eye was used to determine the person's DR severity. PA was assessed using WHO Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ)...
October 12, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018813/cardiovascular-consequences-of-repetitive-arousals-over-the-entire-sleep-duration
#16
Yanyan Wu, Rong Huang, Xu Zhong, Yi Xiao
OBJECTIVES: To explore the cardiovascular effects of nightlong repetitive arousals (RA). METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects participated in two consecutive sleep studies. The first one was free of intervention and the second study involved repetitive arousals induced by acoustical stimuli. Blood pressure, heart rate variability (HRV), arterial stiffness index (ASI), and serum markers including nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were studied...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991897/the-influence-of-different-diets-on-metabolism-and-atherosclerosis-processes-a-porcine-model-blood-serum-urine-and-tissues-1h-nmr-metabolomics-targeted-analysis
#17
Adam Zabek, Robert Paslawski, Urszula Paslawska, Wojciech Wojtowicz, Katarzyna Drozdz, Sergio Polakof, Marzena Podhorska, Piotr Dziegiel, Piotr Mlynarz, Andrzej Szuba
The global epidemic of cardiovascular diseases leads to increased morbidity and mortality caused mainly by myocardial infarction and stroke. Atherosclerosis is the major pathological process behind this epidemic. We designed a novel model of atherosclerosis in swine. Briefly, the first group (11 pigs) received normal pig feed (balanced diet group-BDG) for 12 months, the second group (9 pigs) was fed a Western high-calorie diet (unbalanced diet group-UDG) for 12 months, the third group (8 pigs) received a Western type high-calorie diet for 9 months later replaced by a normal diet for 3 months (regression group-RG)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977563/short-sleep-duration-increases-metabolic-impact-in-healthy-adults-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Han-Bing Deng, Tony Tam, Benny Chung-Ying Zee, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Xuefen Su, Lei Jin, Ta-Chien Chan, Ly-Yun Chang, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Xiang Qian Lao
Objectives: The metabolic impact of inadequate sleep has not been determined in healthy individuals outside laboratories. This study aims to investigate the impact of sleep duration on five metabolic syndrome components in a healthy adult cohort. Methods: A total of 162121 adults aged 20-80 years (men 47.4%) of the MJ Health Database, who were not obese and free from major diseases, were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Sleep duration and insomnia symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire...
October 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937071/insomnia-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-study-from-morocco
#19
Mohamed Amine Hamzi, Kawtar Hassani, Mohamed Asseraji, Driss El Kabbaj
Previous studies have shown that insomnia is a common sleep disorder in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia in our chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in three HD units in Morocco. To assess the prevalence of insomnia, we used a specific questionnaire. Patients complaining of difficulty in falling asleep and/or nocturnal awakenings occurring seven nights a week during the last month were included in the group "insomnia;" the other patients were used as controls...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934524/associations-of-sleep-duration-and-disturbances-with-hypertension-in-metropolitan-cities-of-delhi-chennai-and-karachi-in-south-asia-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-carrs-study
#20
Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Mohammed K Ali, Ruby Gupta, Rajendra Pradeepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, K M Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Anne Peasey
Objectives: Sleep duration and disturbances may be risk factors for hypertension. Despite the high burden of hypertension in South Asia, little is known about this relationship in this region. Methods: We analyzed population-level cross-sectional data from the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) study that recruited representative samples of adults ≥ 20 years from three cities-Delhi, Chennai (India), and Karachi (Pakistan) during 2010-2011...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
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