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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102968/thoracic-ultrasound-recognition-of-competence-a-position-paper-of-the-thoracic-society-of-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
Jonathan P Williamson, Scott H Twaddell, Y C Gary Lee, Matthew Salamonsen, Mark Hew, David Fielding, Phan Nguyen, Daniel Steinfort, Peter Hopkins, Nicola Smith, Christopher Grainge
The ability to perform bedside thoracic ultrasound is increasingly recognized as an essential skill for thoracic clinicians, extending the clinical examination and aiding diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Thoracic ultrasound reduces complications and increases success rates when used prior to thoracentesis or intercostal chest tube insertion. It is increasingly difficult to defend performing these procedures without real or near-real time image guidance. To assist thoracic physicians and others achieve and demonstrate thoracic ultrasound competence, the Interventional Pulmonology Special Interest Group (IP-SIG) of the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand (TSANZ) has developed a new pathway with four components: (i) completion of an approved thoracic ultrasound theory and hands-on teaching course...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102154/effectiveness-of-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-by-spinecor-dynamic-bracing-with-special-physiotherapy-programme-in-spinecor-system
#2
Karina Rożek, Tomasz Potaczek, Maja Zarzycka, Ewa Lipik, Barbara Jasiewicz
BACKGROUND: The SpineCor dynamic brace for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis is designed to maintain the correct position of the spine and a new movement strategy for 20 hours per day. The SpineCor exercise system intensifies and complements the brace treatment. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a comprehensive treatment of idiopathic scoliosis involving the SpineCor system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study assessed a group of 40 patients (38 girls and 2 boys) with idiopathic scoliosis treated with the SpineCor brace...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093377/ten-year-experience-of-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#3
George Tse, Trevor Cleveland, Stephen Goode
PURPOSE: A significant proportion of patients undergoing surgery have an increased incidence of acute pulmonary embolus (PE). We analyzed all patients who had a retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placed preoperatively for PE prophylaxis and investigated the long-term outcomes of the patients who did not have their filter removed. METHODS: Patients who underwent retrievable IVC filter insertion and attempted removal were identified from the radiology information systems database in a large tertiary referral university teaching hospital...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087400/plus-disease-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity-diagnostic-trends-in-2016-vs-2007
#4
Chace Moleta, J Peter Campbell, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Rv Paul Chan, Susan Ostmo, Karyn Jonas, Michael F Chiang
PURPOSE: To identify any temporal trends in the diagnosis of plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by experts. DESIGN: Reliability analysis METHODS: ROP experts were recruited in 2007 and 2016 to classify 34 wide-field fundus images of ROP as plus, pre-plus, or normal, coded as "3," "2," and "1" respectively in the database. The main outcome was the average calculated score for each image in each cohort. Secondary outcomes included correlation on the relative ordering of the images in 2016 versus 2007, inter-expert agreement, and intra-expert agreement RESULTS: The average score for each image was higher for 30/34 (88%) images in 2016 compared to 2007, influenced by fewer images classified as normal (P<0...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080118/photos-that-increase-feelings-of-learning-promote-positive-evaluations
#5
Brittany A Cardwell, Eryn J Newman, Maryanne Garry, Antonia Mantonakis, Randi Beckett
Research shows that when semantic context makes it feel easier for people to bring related thoughts and images to mind, people can misinterpret that feeling of ease as evidence that information is positive. But research also shows that semantic context does more than help people bring known concepts to mind-it also teaches people new concepts. In five experiments, we show that when photos increase these feelings of learning, they also increase positive evaluations. People saw fictitious wine names and evaluated claims about each...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062410/distance-learning-for-updating-health-professionals-in-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#6
Anderson Luiz Carvalho Taroco, Tania Cristina de Oliveira Valente, Camila Soares Carbogim
OBJECTIVES: To review literature regarding online educational initiatives in palliative care which are targeted to update health professionals and prepare distance courses suitable for a Brazilian context. METHODS: 7 databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SCIELO, CINAHL, Science Direct and Scopus) were reviewed for published papers between January 2004 and August 2014 using the PRISMA methodology. Included studies focused on health professionals and had at least part of the course in a distance learning approach...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061777/whatsapp-messenger-as-a-tool-to-supplement-medical-education-for-medical-students-on-clinical-attachment
#7
Lewis Raiman, Richard Antbring, Asad Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Instant messaging applications have the potential to improve and facilitate communication between hospital doctors and students, hence generating and improving learning opportunities. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of instant messaging communication to supplement medical education for medical students whilst on clinical attachment. METHODS: A total of 6 WhatsApp Messenger (WhatsApp Inc.) groups were created for medical students on clinical attachment...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058662/os-peroneum-imaging-normal-appearance-and-pathological-findings
#8
REVIEW
Stefano Bianchi, Chandra Bortolotto, Ferdinando Draghi
The os peroneum (OP) is a small sesamoid bone located inside the peroneus longus tendon (PLT), close to the cuboid. The OP can be the cause of pain and can be associated with lesions of the PLT. OP involvement in PLT disorders is frequently misdiagnosed by radiologists. Painful os peroneum syndrome (POPS) refers to a variety of conditions presenting with pain localized on the lateral aspect of the cuboid area. The syndrome can be observed as a consequence of local acute trauma such as ankle sprains or chronic overuse...
January 5, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057275/anatomic-suitability-for-transcaval-access%C3%A2-based-on-computed-tomography
#9
REVIEW
Robert J Lederman, Adam B Greenbaum, Toby Rogers, Jaffar M Khan, Melissa Fusari, Marcus Y Chen
Transcaval access has been used successfully for over 200 transcatheter aortic valve replacements, large-bore percutaneous left ventricular assist devices, and thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs. This review teaches how to plan transcaval access and closure based on computed tomography. The main planning goals are to: 1) identify calcium-free crossing targets in the abdominal aorta along with optimal fluoroscopic projection angles and level with respect to lumbar vertebrae; 2) identify obstacles such as interposed bowel or pedunculated aortic atheroma; 3) plan covered stent bailout; and 4) identify jeopardized vascular branches such as renal arteries that might be obstructed by bailout covered stents if employed...
January 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055848/write-a-classifier-predicting-visual-classifiers-from-unstructured-text
#10
Mohamed Elhoseiny, Ahmed Elgammal, Babak Saleh
People typically learn through exposure to visual concepts associated with linguistic descriptions. For instance, teaching visual object categories to children is often accompanied by descriptions in text or speech. In a machine learning context, these observations motivates us to ask whether this learning process could be computationally modeled to learn visual classifiers. More specifically, the main question of this work is how to utilize purely textual description of visual classes with no training images, to learn explicit visual classifiers for them...
December 29, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053265/effectiveness-of-open-and-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-ukuff-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
A Carr, C Cooper, M K Campbell, J Rees, J Moser, D J Beard, R Fitzpatrick, A Gray, J Dawson, J Murphy, H Bruhn, D Cooper, C Ramsay
AIMS: The appropriate management for patients with a degenerative tear of the rotator cuff remains controversial, but operative treatment, particularly arthroscopic surgery, is increasingly being used. Our aim in this paper was to compare the effectiveness of arthroscopic with open repair of the rotator cuff. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 273 patients were recruited to a randomised comparison trial (136 to arthroscopic surgery and 137 to open surgery) from 19 teaching and general hospitals in the United Kingdom...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048903/su-f-e-17-a-dedicated-teaching-and-research-linac-as-a-stepping-stone-to-introduce-medical-physics-to-students
#12
L Beaulieu, L Gingras, M Bergeron, L Archambault
PURPOSE: This work describes how a non-clinical, research and teaching Linac is used as an extremely motivating and exciting way to introduce students to medical physics. METHODS: The dedicated facility was inaugurated in 2014. The facility is composed of a fully equipped and functional state-of-the-art Varian TrueBeam Linac and a complete set of physics instruments and QA phantoms for the Linac and onboard imaging. The Linac bunker and treatment console are oversized such that a class of 12-15 can comfortably fit, seated if needed for longer sessions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048404/we-h-201-03-enthusiasm-and-generosity-of-spirit-necessitate-a-volunteering-structure-to-make-them-more-meaningful
#13
Y Pipman
: The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048371/we-g-209-01-digital-radiography
#14
B Schueler
: Digital radiography, CT, PET, and MR are complicated imaging modalities which are composed of many hardware and software components. These components work together in a highly coordinated chain of events with the intent to produce high quality images. Acquisition, processing and reconstruction of data must occur in a precise way for optimum image quality to be achieved. Any error or unexpected event in the entire process can produce unwanted pixel intensities in the final images which may contribute to visible image artifacts...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048322/th-e-201-02-hands-on-physics-teaching-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#15
J Zhang
: The ABR Core Examination stresses integrating physics into real-world clinical practice and, accordingly, has shifted its focus from passive recall of facts to active application of physics principles. Physics education of radiology residents poses a challenge. The traditional method of didactic lectures alone is insufficient, yet it is difficult to incorporate physics teaching consistently into clinical rotations due to time constraints. Faced with this challenge, diagnostic medical physicists who teach radiology residents, have been thinking about how to adapt their teaching to the new paradigm, what to teach and meet expectation of the radiology resident and the radiology residency program...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048307/mo-c-brb-02-the-physicists-leadership-role-in-academic-radiology-the-chair-s-perspective
#16
R Arenson
: With the profound changes currently occurring in medicine, the role of the medical physicist cannot stagnate, but must evolve to meet the challenges and opportunities that are presented. Medical physicists must understand these changes and establish themselves not only as relevant but as leaders in this new environment. We must increase our presence in clinical settings such as tumor boards, patient rounds, and the development of new diagnosis, imaging, and treatment techniques. By establishing ourselves as competent scientists, we can and must participate in the development of technologies through research, teaching, and clinical implementation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048055/mo-c-brb-06-panel-discussion-on-leadership
#17
B Curran
: With the profound changes currently occurring in medicine, the role of the medical physicist cannot stagnate, but must evolve to meet the challenges and opportunities that are presented. Medical physicists must understand these changes and establish themselves not only as relevant but as leaders in this new environment. We must increase our presence in clinical settings such as tumor boards, patient rounds, and the development of new diagnosis, imaging, and treatment techniques. By establishing ourselves as competent scientists, we can and must participate in the development of technologies through research, teaching, and clinical implementation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047760/we-h-201-04-models-for-developing-medical-physics-educators-and-education-programs-in-the-developing-countries-and-the-potential-role-of-us-universities-and-individual-medical-physicists
#18
P Sprawls
: The desperate need for radiotherapy in low and mid-income countries (LMICs) has been well documented. Roughly 60 % of the worldwide incidence of cancer occurs in these resource-limited settings and the international community alongside governmental and non-profit agencies have begun publishing reports and seeking help from qualified volunteers. However, the focus of several reports has been on how dire the situation is and the magnitude of the problem, leaving most to feel overwhelmed and unsure as to how to help and why to get involved...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047725/we-g-209-02-ct
#19
J Kofler
: Digital radiography, CT, PET, and MR are complicated imaging modalities which are composed of many hardware and software components. These components work together in a highly coordinated chain of events with the intent to produce high quality images. Acquisition, processing and reconstruction of data must occur in a precise way for optimum image quality to be achieved. Any error or unexpected event in the entire process can produce unwanted pixel intensities in the final images which may contribute to visible image artifacts...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047672/th-e-201-03-a-radiology-resident-s-perspectives-of-physics-teaching
#20
A Key
: The ABR Core Examination stresses integrating physics into real-world clinical practice and, accordingly, has shifted its focus from passive recall of facts to active application of physics principles. Physics education of radiology residents poses a challenge. The traditional method of didactic lectures alone is insufficient, yet it is difficult to incorporate physics teaching consistently into clinical rotations due to time constraints. Faced with this challenge, diagnostic medical physicists who teach radiology residents, have been thinking about how to adapt their teaching to the new paradigm, what to teach and meet expectation of the radiology resident and the radiology residency program...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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