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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781570/effect-of-motor-based-speech-intervention-on-articulatory-placement-in-the-treatment-of-a-posterior-nasal-fricative-a-preliminary-mri-study-on-a-single-subject
#1
Kazlin N Mason, Eshan Pua, Jamie L Perry
BACKGROUND: Posterior nasal fricatives are a learned compensatory articulation error and commonly substituted for oral fricatives. Treatment of such articulation errors requires the modification or teaching of skilled movements. A motor-based approach is designed to teach the complex motor skill movement sequences required in the production of sounds. Although motor learning research is well established, little has been done to determine how the approach changes the underlying physiology of articulatory movements...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#2
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770288/infrasellar-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-a-pituitary-adenoma-extending-into-the-third-ventricle-with-anterior-displacement-of-the-pituitary-gland
#3
Georgios A Zenonos, Eric W Wang, Juan Carlos Fernandez-Miranda
Objectives  The current video presents the nuances of the infrasellar endoscopic endonasal approach for a pituitary adenoma extending into the third ventricle, with anterior displacement of the pituitary gland. Design  The video analyzes the presentation, preoperative workup and imaging, surgical steps and technical nuances of the surgery, the clinical outcome, and follow-up imaging. Setting  The patient was treated by a skull base team consisting of a neurosurgeon and an ENT surgeon at a teaching academic institution...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766322/microdaimon-study-microcirculatory-daily-monitoring-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Claudia Scorcella, Elisa Damiani, Roberta Domizi, Silvia Pierantozzi, Stefania Tondi, Andrea Carsetti, Silvia Ciucani, Valentina Monaldi, Mara Rogani, Benedetto Marini, Erica Adrario, Rocco Romano, Can Ince, E Christiaan Boerma, Abele Donati
BACKGROUND: Until now, the prognostic value of microcirculatory alterations in critically ill patients has been mainly evaluated in highly selected subgroups. Aim of this study is to monitor the microcirculation daily in mixed group of Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-patients and to establish the association between (the evolution of) microcirculatory alterations and outcome. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal observational single-centre study in adult patients admitted to a 12-bed ICU in an Italian teaching hospital...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764028/-application-of-3d-virtual-reality-technology-with-multi-modality-fusion-in-resection-of-glioma-located-in-central-sulcus-region
#5
T N Chen, X T Yin, X G Li, J Zhao, L Wang, N Mu, K Ma, K Huo, D Liu, B Y Gao, H Feng, F Li
Objective: To explore the clinical and teaching application value of virtual reality technology in preoperative planning and intraoperative guide of glioma located in central sulcus region. Method: Ten patients with glioma in the central sulcus region were proposed to surgical treatment. The neuro-imaging data, including CT, CTA, DSA, MRI, fMRI were input to 3dgo sczhry workstation for image fusion and 3D reconstruction. Spatial relationships between the lesions and the surrounding structures on the virtual reality image were obtained...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760772/engineering-a-palette-of-eukaryotic-chromoproteins-for-bacterial-synthetic-biology
#6
Josefine Liljeruhm, Saskia K Funk, Sandra Tietscher, Anders D Edlund, Sabri Jamal, Pikkei Wistrand-Yuen, Karl Dyrhage, Arvid Gynnå, Katarina Ivermark, Jessica Lövgren, Viktor Törnblom, Anders Virtanen, Erik R Lundin, Erik Wistrand-Yuen, Anthony C Forster
Background: Coral reefs are colored by eukaryotic chromoproteins (CPs) that are homologous to green fluorescent protein. CPs differ from fluorescent proteins (FPs) by intensely absorbing visible light to give strong colors in ambient light. This endows CPs with certain advantages over FPs, such as instrument-free detection uncomplicated by ultra-violet light damage or background fluorescence, efficient Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) quenching, and photoacoustic imaging. Thus, CPs have found utility as genetic markers and in teaching, and are attractive for potential cell biosensor applications in the field...
2018: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#7
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754590/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-mimicking-central-nervous-system-metastases-a-case-report
#8
Christopher DeZorzi, Ruth Fernandez-Ruiz, Sarika Gupta, Katherine Harris
BACKGROUND: This case describes an unusual presentation of an intracranial hemorrhage first thought to be metastatic disease on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The healthcare team completed an exhaustive search for a primary malignancy that was negative. Final diagnosis on brain biopsy showed intercranial hemorrhage secondary to cerebral amyloid angiopathy. With an increasing number of elderly patients and the rising cost of health care, this case can serve as a reminder to clinicians about their own responsibilities in limiting the cost of health care...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751860/teaching-radiology-physics-interactively-with-scientific-notebook-software
#9
Michael L Richardson, Behrang Amini
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to demonstrate how the teaching of radiology physics can be enhanced with the use of interactive scientific notebook software. METHODS: We used the scientific notebook software known as Project Jupyter, which is free, open-source, and available for the Macintosh, Windows, and Linux operating systems. RESULTS: We have created a scientific notebook that demonstrates multiple interactive teaching modules we have written for our residents using the Jupyter notebook system...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742364/surgical-correction-of-metopic-craniosynostosis-a-3-d-photogrammetric-analysis-of-cranial-vault-outcomes
#10
Olivia E Linden, Vanessa M Baratta, Jose A Gonzalez, Margaret E Byrne, Petra M Klinge, Stephen R Sullivan, Helena O Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 3-dimensional (3-D) photogrammetry as a tool for assessing the postoperative head shape of patients who had undergone cranial vault remodeling for metopic synostosis. DESIGN: We prospectively analyzed images of patients with metopic craniosynostosis who had undergone anterior cranial vault remodeling and age-matched controls. To ensure standardized facial orientation, each 3-D image was positioned to "best fit" the preoperative face by aligning 6 soft tissue landmarks...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731934/computed-tomography-scan-findings-in-children-from-a-tropical-region
#11
Grace B Inah, Gbenga Kajogbola, Nchiewe Ani
BACKGROUND: Computed Tomography in the diagnosis of pathologies in children is becoming increasingly popular. AIMS: To document indications and findings of referrals for CT scan in children in a private Radio - diagnostic Center in a developing environment. METHOD: Children aged 6 months to 13 years referred to a private Radio - diagnostic Center, between June 2015 to June 2016 were studied. Patients were examined using GE CT Brivo 385 machine...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724805/recognizing-pinhole-parallax-error-for-accurate-localization-of-thyroid-and-parathyroid-pathology
#12
Ismet Sarikaya, Zaina Al-Banna, Ali Baqer
Parallax error is a pitfall of pinhole scintigraphy which causes mislocalization of the objects. It is important to notice this error on pinhole thyroid and parathyroid scintigraphy and obtain additional images with parallel-hole collimator to accurately determine the upper and lower margins of large goiter and nodules and location of the ectopic thyroid tissue and parathyroid adenomas. In this teaching case report we wanted to revisit pinhole parallax error, present pinhole and SPECT/CT images of a case with large hyperactive thyroid nodule and review the literature and potential solutions to this important problem...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719884/evaluation-of-multimedia-medication-reconciliation-software-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-trial-to-measure-diagnostic-accuracy-for-discrepancy-detection
#13
Blake J Lesselroth, Kathleen Adams, Victoria L Church, Stephanie Tallett, Yelizaveta Russ, Jack Wiedrick, Christopher Forsberg, David A Dorr
BACKGROUND:  The Veterans Affairs Portland Healthcare System developed a medication history collection software that displays prescription names and medication images. OBJECTIVE:  This article measures the frequency of medication discrepancy reporting using the medication history collection software and compares with the frequency of reporting using a paper-based process. This article also determines the accuracy of each method by comparing both strategies to a best possible medication history...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713121/-his-whole-nature-requires-development-education-school-life-and-deafness-in-wales-1850-1914
#14
Mike Mantin
The history of deaf education has focused heavily on one major issue: the role of sign language and the rise of oralism as a means of suppressing the use of signs. This was a crucial debate which affected the lives of deaf children, informed social and cultural attitudes towards deafness and in many cases spurred resistance from deaf communities. However, other aspects of daily school life and the curriculum of Victorian and Edwardian deaf schools have rarely been commented upon. Focusing on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Wales' first deaf institution, this article will examine the teaching of writing and moral, religious and industrial education, all of which constructed an image of the intellectual and moral capabilities of the deaf child...
November 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701684/three-dimensional-terahertz-coded-aperture-imaging-based-on-matched-filtering-and-convolutional-neural-network
#15
Shuo Chen, Chenggao Luo, Hongqiang Wang, Bin Deng, Yongqiang Cheng, Zhaowen Zhuang
As a promising radar imaging technique, terahertz coded-aperture imaging (TCAI) can achieve high-resolution, forward-looking, and staring imaging by producing spatiotemporal independent signals with coded apertures. However, there are still two problems in three-dimensional (3D) TCAI. Firstly, the large-scale reference-signal matrix based on meshing the 3D imaging area creates a heavy computational burden, thus leading to unsatisfactory efficiency. Secondly, it is difficult to resolve the target under low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)...
April 26, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698340/teaching-point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-to-novice-pediatric-learners-web-based-e-learning-versus-traditional-classroom-didactic
#16
Aun Woon Soon, Amanda Greene Toney, Timothy Stidham, John Kendall, Genie Roosevelt
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether Web-based teaching is at least as effective as traditional classroom didactic in improving the proficiency of pediatric novice learners in the image acquisition and interpretation of pneumothorax and pleural effusion using point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled noninferiority study comparing the effectiveness of Web-based teaching to traditional classroom didactic. The participants were randomized to either group A (live classroom lecture) or group B (Web-based lecture) and completed a survey and knowledge test...
April 24, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697587/innovative-strategies-for-clinical-microscopy-instruction-virtual-versus-light-microscopy
#17
M Jane McDaniel, Gregory B Russell, Sonia J Crandall
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare virtual microscopy with light microscopy to determine differences in learning outcomes and learner attitudes in teaching clinical microscopy to physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, crossover design study was conducted with a convenience sample of 67 first-year PA students randomized to 2 groups. One group used light microscopes to find microscopic structures, whereas the other group used instructor-directed video streaming of microscopic elements...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692832/radiographic-evaluation-of-root-canal-treatment-performed-by-undergraduate-students-part-i-iatrogenic-errors
#18
Patrícia Zambon da Silva, Francisco Carlos Ribeiro, Juliana Machado Barroso Xavier, Rodrigo Pratte-Santos, Cristina Demuner
Introduction: The root canal preparation is an important stage in the undergraduate teaching and must be handled with care. Iatrogenic mishaps may occur during this procedure which might compromise the success of endodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to determine, the frequency of iatrogenic errors in endodontic treatments provided by undergraduate dental students at the School of Dentistry of Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Brazil. Methods and Materials: Radiographic records of 511 anterior teeth and pre-molars with endodontic treatment performed by undergraduate students, between 2012 and 2014 were randomly chosen...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686127/teaching-neuroimages-multimodality-imaging-of-carotid-web
#19
Dimitri Renard, Jennifer Hampton, Mariam Keita, Cornelia Freitag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679916/a-novel-framework-for-the-use-of-remote-sensing-for-monitoring-catchments-at-continental-scales
#20
A B Bugnot, M B Lyons, P Scanes, G F Clark, S K Fyfe, A Lewis, E L Johnston
Historical ecology can teach us valuable lessons on the processes and drivers of environmental change that can inform future monitoring priorities and management strategies. Environmental data to study environmental history, however, is often absent or of low quality. Even when studying changes occurring during the last few decades, monitoring efforts are scarce due to logistical and cost limitations, leaving large areas unassessed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of estuarine water colour as an indicator of historical environmental change in catchments...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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